(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Paxton's Botanical dictionary; comprising the names, history, and culture of all plants known in Britain; with a full explanation of technical terms. New ed. including all the new plants up to the present year"

J&eto J9orfe 

£>tate College of Agriculture 

3t Cornell tHnibenrttp 

llbaca. &. g. 



ILibxaxp 



OK 9.P34 C 1 868 Un,VerSi,yLibrary 



Pa J|'o"'s Botanical dictionary; comprising 




3 1924 001 341 662 




The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924001341662 



PAXTON'S 



BOTANICAL DICTIONARY 



COMPRISING THE 



NAMES, HISTORY, AND CULTURE OF ALL PLANTS 
KNOWN IN BRITAIN ; 



Wiit\ a Ml Gfeptaitatwm af Initial %tm$. 



NEW EDITION 

INCLUDING ALL THE NEW PLANTS UP TO THE PRESENT YEAR. 

REVISED AND CORRECTED 

BY SAMUEL HEREMAN, 

SECRETARY FOR NEARLY FORTY YEARS TO THE IJVTE SIR JOSEPH PANTOS. 



LONDON: 
BRADBURY, EVANS, & CO., BOUVERIE STREET, E.C. 

1868. 



LONDON : 
BRADBURY, EVANS, AND CO., PRINTERS, WHITEFRIARS. 



PREFACE. 



The Editor of the present edition wishes to add to what is stated in the 
original Preface as to the objects, purpose, and usefulness of the BOTANICAL 
Dictionaey, that the rapid and extensive sale of all former issues has 
confirmed the opinion expressed by the originator of the work, that his 
little volume just met the wants and wishes of the botanical and horti- 
cultural world. 

It was on this account that the late Sir Joseph Paxton contemplated 
the publication of a revised edition, and although prevented by illness from 
completing his intention, he was yet able to plan and arrange the whole, 
and to examine the earlier portion of the printed matter, as it issued from 
the press ; and before his death, to entrust the completion of the work to the 
present writer, who, for nearly forty years, had laboured under his direction 
in most of his literary undertakings. 

The alterations and additions to the present edition are numerous and 
important ; to the abbreviations is added another column, denoting the 
average height to which the species attain in their native countries, and 
under ordinary cultivation. 

The names of the natural orders throughout the work have undergone an 
entire revision ; and such alterations have been made as appeared consonant 
with the present advanced state of botanical knowledge : in this respect, the 
arrangement of Dr. Lindley, in his Vegetable Kingdom, has been principally 
followed, as being perhaps better known than any other in this country ; and 
Certainly appreciated, if not adopted, in every land where botany is culti- 
vated and esteemed. 



iv PREFACE. 



The form of accentuation has also been changed and rendered as simple as 
possible, the sounds being indicated by a single mark instead of the long and 
short accents of the former editions. The grave accent Q) shows that the 
vowel over which it is placed should be sounded long, as Fdgus, Jambbsa; 
and the acute accent (') that the sound should be short, as Hdlcus, Jdtropha; 
in some instances, however, the classical accentuation has been made to yield 
to the popular pronunciation, of which an instance or two may be quoted. 
Lycop6dium (classical), Lycopodium (popular) ; Chenop6dium (classical) 
Chenopddium (popular). The grave accent Q), then, indicates that the 
vowel over which it is placed is to be sounded by itself, while the acute 
accent (') denotes that the vowel is to be sounded in conjunction with the 
following consonant. 

The Editor has to acknowledge the courtesy of those botanists who have 
kindly furnished him with information on various points, and especially he 
would mention the valuable assistance rendered by Dr. Masters, who kindly 
undertook to look over the proof-sheets before they finally went to press. 

In conclusion, the Editor hopes that the present edition of the BOTANICAL 
Dictionary will be as favourably received by the public as any of the 
preceding issues ; great care having been bestowed upon its revision, and 
much new and useful matter added, including the names of several thousands 
of new plants, which have been introduced into this country during the last 
twenty years. 



Chatswoeth, 

May, 1868. 



PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION. 



When an author offers to the public a work, the greater part of the information 
contained in which is already available in detached fragments or other forms, his 
first duty is to exhibit the propriety of its publication ; and prove, beyond question, 
that he has been instigated to his task by no unworthy desire of fame, but by a 
distinct and certified persuasion of its demand and utility. 

Happily, in the present case, we are enabled to court scrutiny into our motives, 
being fully prepared to explain and 'justify them. During the numerous interviews 
enjoyed by us with the leading patrons of floriculture, the want of a pocket com- 
panion, such as that now furnished, has ever been especially and forcibly urged. 
There are,, it is true, Catalogues, Encyclopasdias, Lexicons, and Cultural Directories, 
all highly valuable in their respective spheres, and essential adjuncts to a gardener's 
or amateur's library : but they are too elaborate, verbose, technical, or uninteresting, 
to be readily and thoroughly appropriated ; the expense, also, of several is neces- 
sarily enormous, and beyond the means of the great majority of those who thirst 
after botanical and floricultural literature ; and no single one, much less a set, 
embracing all the subjects of this Dictionary, is conveniently portable, or can ever 
be carried, without discomfort, beyond the porch of the proprietor's domicile. 

Comprehensive compendiums, in which scientific and popular details are abridged, 
combined, and thus brought within the pecuniary reach as well as easy examination 
of those whose income and time are subjected to many other more pressing 
exactions, are highly commendable if attentively and clearly arranged ; but their 
usefulness is in proportion to the precision and accuracy of the manner in which 
they are compiled. 

The Pocket Botanical Dictionary, then, has been prepared solely as an instant 
resource and standard of consultation ; and for this purpose will be found invaluable 
to the professors and lovers of horticulture, in all its branches and of every grade. 
Within its columns is compressed all the most important information relative to 
admired plants which its small size and avowed design would admit. With this in 
his pocket, the possessor or cultivator of plants may perambulate his own garden, 
visit those of his friends or public establishments, and attend floricultural exhibi- 
tions, in the full assurance that if any particular object engage his attention, he may 
at once derive every fact of interest respecting both it and its congeners which is 
yet known in this country, and form an idea of the facility or difficulty, and con- 
sequent expense, attending its conservation. Such is, cursorily, the prime purport 
of this publication, and the aim of its author. To supersede the necessity for 



Ti PKEFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION. 



attaching the meaning of every specific appellation, and at the same time to afford 
the most ample means for acquiring a knowledge of all the phrases peculiar to the 
science, a voluminous glossary has been incorporated ; wherein, in addition to the 
more abstruse Latin terms, a number of ordinary words that are used botanically 
in a peculiar sense are fully explained. 

One inestimable quality of a popular synopsis of any sort, is the discreet abridg- 
ment of uninteresting matter, and detailed record of merely the most attractive 
particulars. On the judicious selection and proper apportionment of desirable 
intelligence, the value of a summary entirely rests. In this respect we have much 
to claim for the volume to which the present address is prefixed. , On account of 
the extreme scarcity, or non-existence in Britain, of many plants, considerable 
perplexity has been experienced in assigning "to each species its due share of honour. 
For this reason, if a few plants are unjustly elevated, and others improperly debased, 
some little allowance may fairly be expected. Those indigenous species which are 
ranked with the ornamental sorts, are not to be regarded as worthless because of 
their commonness, but may be cultivated with advantage in the more secluded and 
sylvan flower borders. 

To take a general glance at the arrangement and composition of this Dictionary, 
it will be better to show more lucidly the intent and application of each separate 
point, and afterwards advert to the abbreviations. Compactness and facile porta- 
bility being the primary and principal elements of the design, condensation of the 
letter-press was an inevitable result. On this score, however, we have just grounds 
for eulogising our printers, as nothing can be more beautiful or perfect than the 
mechanical execution of the work ; while the objection that might attach to the 
minuteness of the type, is Completely removed by its exceeding clearness. 

Under the head of each genus, besides the authority for its name, its origin, and 
position, both in the Linnsean and Natural System, a concise outline is given of its 
most striking members, with adequate instructions for their cultivation, and obser- 
vations on their particular medicinal or useful properties. In conformity to the 
principle of giving prominence to only the most interesting subjects, the worthless 
genera are passed over with a slight statement of their insignificance ; and to prevent 
repetition, reference is occasionally made to other genera for directions on treatment, 
when the habits of both closely correspond. For all the suggestions on culture, we 
hold ourselves, for the most part, responsible ; the notes in those instances where 
we have no personal cognizance being extracted from the best authors, with the 
usual acknowledgments. Immediately succeeding the above-named sketches, a list 
of specific synonymes is furnished, with figures of allusion affixed to each, and 
similar ones to the species they represent, by which the observer may instantly 
perceive what names are applied to the same plant, that in the last or descriptive 
text being always the most authentic. 

In the enumeration of genera and species, we are indebted chiefly to Mr. Geo. 
Don's General System of Gardening and Botany, Dr. Lindley's Introduction to the 
Natural System, and Mr. Loudon's Arboretum et Fruticetum Britannicum, comparing 
these with all other catalogues extant, — of which Loudon's Eortus Britannicus is 
the principal and best, — and adopting such readings as are most obviously correct. 
We rely greatly on our own rigid research into these matters, having been engaged 



PEBFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION. vii 

in it for several years, but still more so on a careful revision of both MSS. and 
printed proofs, undertaken by Dr. Lindley in the most disinterested and kind 
manner. Nevertheless, such is the typographical diminutiveness, that we cannot 
imagine but some errors have eluded lis. Should it reach another edition, we shall 
have great pleasure in effecting any emendations which our correspondents or friends 
may discover and communicate. It will be manifest that two distinct courses have 
been followed with regard to the ornamental and trivial species. Possessing nothing 
to recommend them to notice, or to render the enrolment of their habits, native 
country, &c, at all desirable, we have arranged the latter in aggregated groups ; 
after their more interesting allies where these exist, and directly following the 
general remarks on those genera which comprise no ornamental species. On the 
description of each meritorious plant included in the columns opposite its appellation, 
we shall descant more largely, when considering the abbreviations. 

Respecting the number of scientific terms herein explained, we may be allowed 
to say that no other popular glossary contains such a copious collection. Their 
explication is in exact accordance with the views of the most learned botanists, 
merely being reduced to dimensions which best .comport with simplicity and 
conciseness. 

Considering the immense field which this volume occupies, the accentuation of 
generic, specific, and all purely botanical names that are not Anglicised, must be 
regarded as a highly valuable characteristic. By the extreme perspicuity of the 
marks employed, their full and universal adaptation, and the fact that they were all 
supplied by the first botanist in England, (Dr. Lindley,) the botanic student or 
other assiduous examiner will here meet with a fund of accurate instruction in this 
particular, to which only the most laboured and extremely expensive publication 
can at all pretend. 

It might be assumed that the signs used are sufficiently common to require no 
comment ; but, for the benefit of the less informed, we shall just show the manner 
in which they apply. In the first place, the vowel in each word over which the 
primary accent occurs, sustains all the emphasis of the syllabic pronunciation, 
independently of the real nature of the sign. Further, the employment of the long 
quantity (") or the short quantity (") simply denotes that the vowel above which 
they are placed is to be sounded long and broadly, or short and abruptly. To vary 
our expression, the short vowel is perpetually pronounced in conjunction with the 
next consonant, and the long one has its own distinct and final sound, as if the 
letter were doubled, but the voice rested on each. In all cases when the last 
syllable but one is marked long ("), the accent falls on that syllable ; and when 
the last syllable but one as marked short ("), the accent falls on the last syllable 
but two. Thus Romaniis would be accented Romanus, and tricSUSr would be 
accented tricolor, although the i on which the accent is placed is short. It is 
extremely important to bear this in mind. 

To reduce the work to the smallest practicable size, it has been found requisite 
to abridge the language conveying many of the details, and that this may be rightly 
comprehended, we shall now enter on its elucidation. First, the numerical figures 
which follow the recognised specific names in the general list, and such as precede 
the synonymes, have, as before hinted, a direct connection with each other, 



viii PEEFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION. 

establishing the identity. Thus, in page 1, under the genus Acacia, the synonyme 
"1. A. acicularis" is but another appellation for "A. Brownei 1," in the ensuing 
text ; " 2. Mimosa tortuosa," is synonymous with " A. Burmanniana 2 ; " and so on, 
in like manner, throughout the whole. Next, the authorities for the generic names 
are very often shortened, and a list of all those, with the country in which they rose 
to celebrity, will be subjoined. Again, the descriptive peculiarities of species are 
classed in seven columns, in which the colours of the flowers, — the month during 
which they commonly blossom, — their habitude, whether as concerns the temperature 
they receive, their duration, or general nature, — their native climate, and the year 
in which they were first introduced to Britain, — are all duly registered. "Where 
either or several of these circumstances are omitted, it is to be inferred that they 
have not been accurately ascertained. In the case of Epiphytes, Palms, and Grasses, 
they are simply noted as such, since their habits are universally the same. All 
other trifling particulars are regularly and efficiently interpreted in the catalogue 
of abbreviations. 

Having thus specified the objects, classification, and utility of the work, we have 
only to commend it to the kind indulgence of the public, convinced that, whatever 
may be its failings — and in such an extensive compilation some defects must 
naturally be anticipated — they are neither glaring, momentous, nor, notwithstanding 
the smallness of the type, equal to those of any similar production. To the 
gardener, and all who cultivate or delight in acquainting themselves with plants, 
either for enrichment or amusement ; but emphatically to such persons as wish to 
study the nature and history of vegetation in the garden, where alone they can 
hope these features to be permanently impressed on the memory, the Botanical 
Pocket Dictionary has claims which nothing at present existing or likely to be 
issued can supplant or diminish. 



JOSEPH PAXTON 



Chatswoeth, 

July, 1840. 



AUTHORITIES FOR GENERIC TITLES. 



Abel. A traveller in China, and author of a 

work on Chinese plants. ■ 
Ach. for Acharius. A Swedish botanist and student of 

Lichens. 
Adams, F. A Russian botanist and traveller in 

Siberia. 
Adanson. A French traveller and botanist. 

A/zelius. A professor in Sweden, and traveller in 

Sierra Leone. 
Agardh. A Swedish professor, bishop, and writer 

on Algaceous plants. 
Ailbn* The former manager of the Royal Kew 

Gardens. 
Albertini. Author of some dissertations on Fungi. 

ALlioni. A botanist of Italy. 

Ammann. A Russian botanist. 

Anderson. A London writer on Pseonies. 

Andr. for Andrews. An eminent English botanical artist. 
Andrzyowski. A Russian botanist. 
Ard. for Ardnini. An Italian botanist. 
AubUt. A Frenchman who travelled in Cuiana. 

Balbi*. A French professor of botany. 

Bancroft. A physician resident in Jamaica, 

Banks. A celebrated English traveller and pro- 

moter of science. 

Bartl. for Bartling. A botanist of Gottingen. 

Barton. Once a professor at Philadelphia. 

Bat. for Batard. A writer on the botany of France. 

Batfch. A writer on Fungi. 

Bauhin, Caspar. A German botanist of the sixteenth 
century, 

Baumgarten. A botanist of Transylvania. 

Beauvois for Palisot de Beauvois. A French botanist and 
■traveller in Africa. 

Bell, for Bellardi. An Italian botanist. 

Benth. for Bentham. An English botanist, and formerly 
secretary to the London Horticul- 
tural Society. - 

BergiuK. A Swede, and writer on Cape plants. 

Berkeley. An English clergyman and writer on 

Fungi. 

Bernhardi. A botanist of Italy. 

Bertoloni. A writer on Italian plants. 

Besser. A professor in Russia. 

Bieberstein. A Russian botanist, and writer upon the 
plants of Caucasus. 

Bivona. A Sicilian botanist. 

Blume. A Dutch botanist and traveller in Java. 

Boerhaave. A Dutch botanist and physician. 

Bbhmer. A German writer on botany. 

Boiss. for Boissier. A Swiss botanist. 

Bojer. A botanist of the Mauritius. 

Bolton. An English writer on Fungi. 

Bonpland. A French traveller and botanist. 

Borkhausen. An examiner of the plants of Hesse 
Darmstadt. 

Bory for Bory de St. Vincent. A French botanist and 
traveller. 

Bosc. A French botanist. 

Bot. Mag. for Botanical Magazine. A periodical com- 
menced by Curtis, and afterwards 
conducted by Sir "William Hooker, 
and at present by Dr. Hooker. 

Bot. Reg. for Botanical Register. A botanical monthly 
periodical, commenced by Ker, and 
afterwards conducted by Dr. Lindley. 

Bot. Rep. for Botanical Repository. A botanical perio- 
dical, formerly conducted by An- 
drews and others. 
Bouch. for Boucher. A writer on the French Flora. 
Bridel. -A- German author on Mosses. 

Brignoli. A botanist of Verona. 

Brnngniart. A botanist of France. 



Bradey. An old English writer on Fungi. 

Brotero. A Portuguese botanist. 

Brouss. for Broussonet. A French botanist. 

Browne, Patrick. An Irish botanist and writer on the 

plants of Jamaica. 
Brown, R. An English botanist and traveller in New 

Holland. 
Bulliard. A Frenchman, and investigator of Fungi. 

Burmann. A Dutch writer on botany, and. patron of 

Linnaeus. 

Ccesalp. for Cmsalpinus. An Italian botanist. 
Carmichael. A Scotch botanist. 
Cassini, H. A French writer on Composite plants. 

Cavanilles. A botanist at Madrid. 

Cliamisso, A German traveller and botanist. 

Choisy. A botanist of Switzerland. 

Clus. for Clusius. An old French botanist. 
Colebrook. An English writer on the Flora of India. 

Colladon, J. F. A botanist of Geneva. 
Commelin. A botanist of Holland. 

Commerson. A French traveller and botanist. 
Corda. A German botanist. 

Correa for Correa de Strra. A Portuguese botanist, dip- 
. lomatist, and writer on botanical 

subjects. 
Cmlter. An Irish physician and traveller in 

Mexico. 
Crantz. An Austrian botanist. 

Cunn. A. for A. Cunningham. A British collector for the 

Kew Gardens. 
Cusson. A Swiss observer of Umbelliferae. 

Gyrilli. An Italian botanist. 

Dec. for Becandolle. Father, son, and grandson, eminent 
botanists, of Geneva. 

Belile. A French professor and traveller. 

Desfon. for Desfontainei. A French traveller and botanist 
in Algiers. 

Desmazieres. A botanist of France. 

Desvaux. A French botanist. 

Dickson. An English examiner of Cryptogiimia. 

Dillenius. A German' writer on botany, especially 

Mosses, settled in England and was 
gardener to' Sherard, at Eltham. 

Dilhoyn. An English investigator of Confervas. 

Dittmarr.- A botanist of Holland. 

Dombey. A French traveller in S. America. 

Bon, D. Formerly librarian to the Linnrean So- 

ciety and botanist. 

Bon, G. An English botanist and traveller. 

Douglas. A collector of plants in North America 

for the Horticultural Society of London. 

Bryander. A Swedish botanist, and long librarian 

to Sir Joseph Banks. 

Dufr. for Bufresne. A French writer on Valerians. 

Duh. for Duhamel. A French physiological botanist. 

Dumont for Dumont Courset. A French gardening author. 

Dunal. A French botanist. 

Buroi. A German writer upon plants. 

Duval. A French professor of botany. 

E. Botany for English Botany. A periodical containing 
coloured figures of British plants by 
Sowei'by, Sir J. E. Smith, and others. 

Ehrhart. A botanist of Germany. 

Elliot. An American botanist who wrote on the 

plants of Carolina. 

Ellis. An English writer on marine plants. 

Endlicher. A German botanist. 

Esper. A German writer on Fungi. 

Ettlinger. A German writer on Salvia, 

Fenzl. An Austrian botanist. 

FeuilU. A French Jesuit who wrote on the plants 

of Chill 

b 



AUTHORITIES FOR GENERIC TITLES. 



Fischer. A Russian botanist, and director of the 

Botanical Garden, St. Petersburg!!. 
Flora Peru, for Flora Peruviana.. A work on the plants 

of Chili and Peru by Ruiz and 

Pavon, two Spanish botanists. 
Flugge. A German writer on Grasses. 

Forskahl. A Danish naturalist who travelled in 

Arabia: 
Forster. A traveller in the South Pacific Ocean. 

Fougeroux, for Fougeroux de Bondaroxa. A French bota- 
nist of the last century. 
Fries. A writer on Fungi in Sweden. 

Frcelich. *■ » A German writer upon Gentiana. 
Funck. A German Cryptogamic botanist. 

Gartner. A German writer on the structure of 

fruit and seeds. 
Gaudich. for Gaudicliaud. A French botanist and voyager. 
Gill, for Gillies. A Scotch botanist. 
Gingins. A French botanist. 

Gmelin. A Russian botanist and traveller in 

Siberia. 
Grceffer. An English writer on Herbaceous plants. 

Graham, Dr. Formerly regius Professor of Botany at 

Edinburgh. 
Greville. An English author on Cryptogamic 

botany. 
Gronovius. A Dutch botanist. 

Holler. A botanist and physician of Switzerland. 

Hamilton. A Scotch botanist and Indian traveller, 

sometimes called Buchanan. 
Harvey. A writer on Cryptogamic and Cape 

plants. 
Haworth. An English writer on succulent plants. 

Hedwig. A German writer on Cryptogamic plants. 

Henslow. A Professor of botany at Cambridge. 

Heistcr. A German botanist. 

Herbert. An English writer on Amaryllidaceous 

plants. 
Hilaire y A. de St. A French botanist and traveller in Brazil. 
Hill. An English botanical writer. 

Hoffmann. A German botanical author. 

Holmskiold. A Danish botanist. 
Hooker. Father and son, distinguished English 

botanists. 
Hornemann. A Danish botanist. 
Hort. Kew. for Hortus Kcwensis. A catalogue of the plants 

in the Royal Kew Gardens. 
Host. An Austrian botanical writer. 

Hudson. An investigator of British plants. 

Humboldt and Bonpland. Botanists and travellers in 

America, &c. 

Jack. An English writer on the plants of the 

Indian Archipelago. 
Jackson. An English botanist. 

Jacq. for Jacquin. An Austrian botanist. 
Jussieu. A French systematical botanist. 

A traveller in Japan. 
A Swedish pupil of Linngeus who tra- 
velled in N. America. 

Kavlfuss. A German writer upon Ferns. 

Ker. A describer of plants in Bot. Reg. 

Kitaibel. A Hungarian botanist. 

Knoioles and Westcott. Editors of the Floral Cabinet. 

Koch. A professor of botany at Erlangen. 

Koenig. A German naturalist who travelled in the 

East Indies. 

Kunth. A Prussian botanist who assisted in the 

arrangement and publication of the 
plants found in America by Humboldt 
and Bonpland. 

Kunze. A German writer upon minute Crypto- 

gamic plants. 

Labillar. for Labillardie're. A French botanist, and tra- 
veller in Syria, New Holland, &c. 

Lagasca. A botanist of Spain. 

La Llave. A Mexican botanist. 

Lamarck. A French naturalist who wrote largely 

upon botany about the end of the 
eighteenth century. 

Lambert, A. B. An English patron of botany. 

Laiaoroux. A French writer upon marine plants. 

La Pet/rouse. A French writer on the plants of the 
Pyrenees. 

Laxmann. A German botanical writer. 



Kcempfer. 
Kalm. 



Ledebour. A botanist and traveller. 

Lehmann. A German botanist, and formerly di- 

rector of the Botanical Garden of 
Hamburgh. 

Z'Herit. for L'Hc'riHer. A French botanist. 

Lindley. Late Professor of botany in University 

College, London. 

Link. A botanist of Prussia. 

Linn, for Linnceus. The great Swedish naturalist. 

Hex. for Llexarza. A Mexican botanist. 

Loddiges. Celebrated nurserymen. 

Lcesel. An old Prussian botanist, 

Laffling. A Swedish traveller and botanist. 

Loiseleur Beslongchamps. A French botanist. 

Loureiro. A Portuguese monk who wrote on the 

plants of Cochinchina. 

Lyngbye. A Danish writer on submarine Crypto- 

gamic plants. 

Marcgraav. One of the early naturalists who explored 
Brazil. 

Martius. A Bavarian naturalist and traveller in 

Brazil. 

Mayer. Several German botanists. 

Medians. A German botanist. 

Merat. A French writer on the flowers of Paris. 

Meyer. A botanist of Germany. 

Mich, for Michaux. A French botanist who wrote on the 
plants of North America. 

Micheli. A Florentine microscopical botanist, 

Mikan. A German author on the Brazilian Flora. 

Miller. One of the ablest scientific English gar- 

den botanists. 

Mirbel. A French physiological botanist. 

Moench. A German systematical botanist. 

Mohring. A writer on Cryptogamia in Germany. 

Molina. An Italian naturalist who wrote upon the 

flowers of Chili. 

Mougeot. A Cryptogamic botanist. 

Muhlenberg. A North American botanist. 

Murray. A German botanist. 

Mutis. A Spanish botanist and correspondent of 

- Linnaeus. 

Keeker. A German botanical writer. 

Nees. A German botanist and professor. 

Noronha. A Spanish botanist who visited the Philip- 

pines. 

Nuttall. An American traveller and botanist. 



Ortega. 
Otth. 



A botanist of Spain. 

A French botanical writer. 



Palisot de Beauvois. A French botanist and traveller in 

Africa. 
Panzer. A German botanist. 

Pavon. One of the authors of the Spanish Flora 

Peruviana. 
Pax. for Sir J. Paxton. A great lover and promoter «f 

botany. 
Pet's, for Penoon. A French botanist. 
Pliny. An ancient naturalist. 

Plumiei: A French botanist and traveller in the 

West Indies. 
Pohl. A botanist of Germany who travelled in 

Brazil. 
Poiteau. A French artist and botanist. 

Ptippig and Endlicher. German botanists, the former a 

traveller in South America. 
Presl. A German systematical botanist. 

Pursh. A Prussian gardener who wrote a Flora 

of North America. 
Raddi. An Italian Cryptogamic botanist. 

RaHn. for Rofinesque. A North American botanical writer. 
Ra<n.ond. A French botanist who wrote concerning 

the flowers of the Pyrenees. 
Reich, for Rekhardt. A German botanist. 
Reichenbach. A botanist of Germany. 
Reinwardt. A botanist of Frankfort. 
Fete. A German botanist who wrote on the 

flowers of Scandinavia. 
Rheede. A Dutch gentleman under whose orders 

the Hortus Malabaricus was pub- 
lished. 
Rich, for Richard. A French botanist and traveller in 

Demerara. 
Rivinus. A Gorman botanist. 

Robil. for Robillard. A French botanist. 



ABBKEVIATIONS. 



XI 



IRochel Superintendent of the garden at Pesth. 

Rolander.. A botanist of Sweden. 

RGmer and Schvltes. German botanists, and editors of the 
Systema Vegetabilium of Linnaaus. 

Roscoe, An English botanical author. 

Roth. A German writer on botany. 

Rottbs. I. A Danish botanist. 

Mox. for Roxburgh. A botanist of India, formerly in 
charge of the botanic garden, Cal- 
cutta. 

Royen. A Dutch botanist. 

Royle. An Indian Botanist. 

Rudge. An English botanical amateur. 

Rudolph. A German botanist. 

Ruiz and Pavon. Authors of Flora Peruviana. 

Rumphius. A botanist, author of the Herbarium 

Amboinense. 

Salis. for Salisbury. An English botanist. 

Salm Dyck for the Prince of Salm Dyck. An illustrious 

German amateur. 
Savi. A botanist of Italy. 

Schkahr. A German writer on grasses. 

Schleeh. for ScMechtendahl. A German botanist. 
Schmidt. A Bohemian botanjst. 

Schousb. for Schousboe. A Danish consul at Tangiers, 

author of a work pn Morocco plants. 
Schroder. A German botanist. 

Schrank. A Bavarian botanist. 

Schreber. A botanist of Germany. 

Schultz. A German botanist. 

Schumacher. A Danish botanist, who described many 

Sierra Leone plants. 
Scopoli. A botanist of Italy who wrote on the 

flowers of Carniola. 
Seringe. A French botanist. 

Sibt/iorp. An English traveller in Greece, and 

botanist. 
Sims. An English garden botanist. 

Smith, Sir J. E. An English botanist, founder of the Lin- 

nsean Society. 
Solander. A botanist of Sweden who sailed round 

the world with Banks and Cook. 



Sonnerat A French traveller in the East Indies. 

A French botanist, writer in the Annales 

des Sciences Naturelles. 
A Swedish traveller at the Cape of Good 
Hope. 

Sprengel. A German botanist and antiquary. 

Stackhouse. An English writer on marine plants; 

Sternberg. A noble botanist of Germany. 

Steven. A Russian botanist. ( 

St. Hilaire. A French botanist. 

Swartz. A Swedish botanist who viBited the West- 

Indies, and published An account of 
the native plants. 

Sweet. An English garden botanist. 

Thouars for Du Petit Thouars. A French physiologist and 
traveller in Madagascar. 

Thun. for Thunberg. A Swedish botanist and traveller. 

Tode. A German author on Fungi. 

Tournefort. An ancient French traveller and botanist. 

2'rentepohl. A botanist of Germany. 

Trinius. A Russian writer on Gramineae. 

Turpin. A French botanist and draughtsman. 

Turret. A botanist of Italy. 

Fahl. A Danish botanical author. 

Vaillant. A French traveller and botanist. 

Vandelli. A botanist of Portugal who wrote on the 

plants of Brazil. 

Vauch. for Voucher. A Swiss writer on Conferva?. 

Vellozo. A Brazilian botanist. 

Ventenot. A French garden botanist. v 

Villars. A botanist of. France who wrote on the 

plants of Dauphiny. 

Wahleriberg. A German botanist. ' 

Wallich. Formerly SuperintendemVof the Calcutta 

botanic garden. 
Walter. A writer on the plants of Cajoling,. 

Weber. A German Cryptogamic botanist. 

Wendland. A German garden botanist. 
Willd. for Willdenow. A Prussian botanical writer. 



Zea. 
Zuccarini. 



A botanist of Spain. 

A distinguished botanist. 



ABBKEVIATIONS. 



FIRST COLUMN. 

COLOURS OF THE FLOWERS. 



bh. 
bid. 
blk. . 
blu. 

brk. eld. . 
br. brn. 
brnsh. 
br. brt. 
carm. 
crim. . 
dk. drk. . 
gn. gr. grn. 
grnsh. gsh. 
lgt. It. . 
li. lil. 
or. oran. 
pa. . 
pnk. . 
. pksh. 
pur. 

pursh. purpsh 
•rich p. 
rdsh. 
ro. 
saff. 



destitute of conspicuous 

blush. 

blood-coloured. 

black or blackish. 

blue or bluish, 

brick red. 

brown. 

brownish. 

bright. 

carmine-coloured. 

crimson. 

dark. 

green. 

greenish. 

light. 

lilac-coloured. 

orange-coloured. 

pale. 

pink. 

pinkish. 

purple. 

purplish. 

rich purple. 

reddish. 

rose-coloured. 

saffron-coloured. 



salm. 

scar. scr. 

spot. 

strip. . 

varieg. 

vermil. 

vio. . 

wht. w. wlitsh. 

yel. . 

yelsh. ysh. . 



salmon-coloured. 

scarlet. 

spotted. 

striped. 

variegated. 

vermilion-coloured. 

violet-coloured. 

white or whitish. 

yellow. 

yellowish. 



SECOND COLUMN. 



PERIOD OF FLOWERING. 



January. 
February. 
March. 
April. 
May. 
June. 
July. 
August. 
September. 
October. 
November. 
12 December. 



2. . 
3. 

5. 
6. . 

7. 

9. 





Xll 



ABBEEVIATIONS. 



p. 

G. 
H. 

S. 



THIRD COLUMN. 

TEMPERATURE REQUIRED. 



Frame plant. 
Greenhouse plant. 
Hardy plant. 
Stove plant. 



FOURTH COLUMN. 



Aq Aquatic. 

B* Bulbous. 

CI- .... Climbing. 

Cr. • . Creeping. 

De Deciduous. 

Epi. Epiphy. . . Epiphyte. 

Ev. , . Evergreen. 

5 1 Fusiform-rooted. 

Her. . . . Herbaceous. 

Ter. . . . . Terrestrial. 

Tr. .... TraiUng. 

Tu Tuberous-rooted. 

Tw. .... Twining. 

— + — 

FIFTH COLUMN. 

HABIT AND DURATION. 







B. T 


. Biennial. 


Bl. . 


. Bulbous plant. 






Cr. 


. Creeper. 


P. ... 




S. 


Shrub. 


T. . . . . 


. Tree. 


Tr. . . . 


Trailing plant. 






S 


IXTH COLUMN. 




HEIGHT IN FEET. 


tj indicates 


. 1 inch. 


i 


. 1$ inch. 


i „ ■ ■ 


. 2 inches. 


i „ 


. 3 inches. 


* „ • 


. 4 inches. 


t 


. 6 inches. 


3 


9 inches. 


1 


. foot and upwards. 


floa „ 


. floating. 



SEVENTH COLUMN. 





NATIVE COUNTRY. 


Adriat Is, . 


. Adriatic Islands. 


Alp, Eur. 


. . European Alps. 


Amer. hyb. . 


. American hybrid. 


A. Minor . 


. . Asia Minor. 


Apenn. 


. Apennines. 


Archipel . 


. Grecian Archipelago 


Asiatic G. 


. Asiatic Gulf. 


Austral . 


. . Australia. 


Baff. B. 


. Baffin's Bay. 


Barba. 


Barbary. 


B. Ayres 


. Buenos Ayres. 


Californ. . 


. . California, 


Cappadoo. . 


. Cappadocia. 


Carthag. , 


. . Carthagena. 


Casp. Sea r 


, Caspian Sea. 



Casp. Sho. 
Carpa. Mo. 
C. G. H. . 
Cherson. 
Coromand 
Cordill 
E. Ind. . 
Eng. hyb. 
Falk. Is. . 
Ft. Vancou. 
Gnayaq. 
Huds. B. 
I. France 
I. Skye 
Kamtsch. 
K. Geo.'s Sd. 
Louisia. 



Magell. . 

Maran. 

Martiniq., 

Mediterr. 

Montpel. . 

Moreton B. 

Mosambi. 

M. Video 

N. Africa 

N. Amer. 

N. Caledon. 

N. Eur. 

Newfoundl. 

N. Grenada 

N. Hoi. 

N. Patag. 

N. Spain . 

N. S. W. 

N. Zeal. . 

Organ Mts. 

Pennsyl. . 

PhiladeL 

Rio Jan. . 

S. Amer. 

San. Cruz. 

Scandin. 

S. Austral. 

S. Carol. 

S. Eur. . 

S. France 

S. Leone . 

St. Domin. 

St. Vine. . 

S. Sea Is. 

Switz. 

Sw. River, Swan 

Tranqueb, 

Valpar. . 

V. D. L. or 

W. Ind. 

W. Ind. Is. 



Die. I 



Caspian Shores. 
. Carpathian Mountains, 
. Cape of Good Hope, 
. Chersonesus. 
. Coromandel. 
. Cordilleras. 
. East Indies. 
. English hybrid. 
. Falkland Islands. 
. Fort Vancouver, 
. Guayaquil. 
. Hudson's Bay. . 
. Isle of France. 
. Isle of Skye. 
. Kamtschatka. 
. King George's Sound. 
. Louisiana. 

Madagascar. 
. Magellan. 
, Maranha. 
. Martinique. 
. Mediterranean Islands. 

Montpelier. 
. Moreton Bay. 

Mosambique. 
. Monte Video, 
. North Africa, 

North America, 
. New Caledonia. 
. North Europe. 
. Newfoundland. 
. New Grenada. 
, New Holland. 
. North Patagonia. 

New Spain. 

New South Wales. 
. New Zealand. 
. Organ Mountains, 
. Pennsylvania, 
. Philadelphia. 
. Bio Janeiro. 
. South America. 

Santa Cruz. 

Scandinavia. 
. South Australia, 

South Carolina. 
. South Europe. 
. South France, 
. Sierra Leone. 

St. Domingo. 
. St Vincent. 
. South Sea Islands. 
. Switzerland. 
. Swan River. 
. Tranquebar. 
. Valparaiso. 
. Van Diemen's Land. 
. West Indies. 
. West India Islands. 



EIGHTH COLUMN. 

TEAB OF INTRODUCTION OF EXOTICS, AND LOCALITIES 
OF NATIVE SPECIES. 

Corn fields. 
Dry places. 
Ditches. 
Gardens. * 
Heaths. 
Hedges. 
Marshes. 
Meadows. 
Mountains. 
Pastures. 
Road-sides. 
Rubbish. 
■ Sea-shore. 
Shady places. 
Thickets. 
Waste places. 



Co. fie. 




Dry pi. . 




Dit. 








Hea. . 




Hed. 








Mea. 




Mts. . 




Past. 




Roa. si. 




Rubb. 




Sea sh. 




Sha. pi. . 




Thick. . 




Wast. 





BOTANICAL DICTIONARY. 



ABE 



AGA 



ABELE TREE. See Pdpulus dlba. 
Abulia, Brown. Named in honour of Dr. 
C. Abel, physician to the Embassy to China 
under Lord Amherst. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Caprifolidcece. Pretty flowering shrubs, 
desirable as greenhouse plants or for turning 
into the flower borders during summer. They 
merely require the ordinary treatment of green- 
house plants, and are easily increased by cut- 
tings. Synonymes : 1, Vesdlea floribtinda, V. 

t? hirta; 2, Abelia sirrala. 

J) floribundal. Red 3, G. Ev. S. 8 Mexico . 1842 

rupestris . . Ro. wht. 9, G. Ev. S. 3 China . 1844 
triflbra . . Pa. redw.6, G. Ev. S. 4 E. Ind. . 1847 
uniflbra2 . Pale red 3, G. Ev. S. 3 China . 1844 

Abies. See Plnus. 

Abildgaaedia, Vahl. After Professor Abild- 
gaard, of Copenhagen. Linn. 3, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Cyperacece. Worthless dwarf species of 
grass-like plants ; increased by division, and 
grown in any common soil. 

monostachya . Apetal 6, Grass J N. Holl . 1819 
tristachya . . Apetal 6, Grass f N. Holl. . 1824 

Abortion, imperfect or untimely development. 

Abe6ma, Linn. From a, privative, and broma, 
food ; unfit to be eaten. Linn. 18, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Sterculiacece. ■ Handsome free-flower- 
ing species of easy culture, delighting in a 
compost of loam and peat. Propagated with 
ease from seeds or. cuttings. The bark of A. 
augHsta furnishes a very tough fibrous tissue, 
suited for manufacturing into cordage, 
augusta . . .' Pur. 8, S. Ev. Tl 10 E. Ind. . 1770 
fastubsa . . . Pur. 8, 8. Ev. T: 10 N. S. "W". . 1800 

Abe6nia, Jussieu. From abros, delicate ; re- 
ferring to the involucrum. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Nyctagimacece. Handsome trailing 
plants, multiplied by division, and grown in 
sandy peat. Synonyme : 1, Tricratus admird- 
bilis. 

melllfera . . Wht. 7, H. De. Tr. i California 1826 
umbellata 1 . Red 4, H. Ev. Tr. j California 1828 

Abeupt, blunt, broken off. 

Abruptly-pinnate. Pinnate leaves, terminat- 
ing without an odd leaflet. 

Abeus, Lima. From abros, soft ; in allusion to 



the delicacy of the leaves. Linn. 17, Or. 4, 
Nat. Or. Fabacece. This pretty climbing 
species (Wild Liquorice) must have a strong 
heat to enable it to flower well. It delights 
in loam and peat, and is propagated readily 
from cuttings, in sand, under a glass. The 
roots have the property of the liquorice of the 
shops, while the seeds, if eaten in any quan- 
tity, produce violent headache, 
precatbrius . Pa. pur. 4, S. De. CI. 12 TV. Ind. . 1680 

ABSfNTHlTJM. See Artemisia. 

Abstts. See C&ssia Asus. 

Abdta, Aublei. From Abouta or Abuta, its 
name in Guiana. Linn. 22, Or. 10, Nat. Or. 
Menispermaeece. An ornamental evergreen 
climber, Loam and peat ; and increased by 
division. From the branches of this plant a 
drink is made by the natives of Cayenne, and 
used by them against obstructions of the liver 
rufescens . . Grn. yel. 4, S. Ev. CI. 10 Guiana . 1820 

Abutilon, Momch. Ancient name of a plant 
analogous to the marsh mallow. Linn. 16, 
Or. 8, Nat. Or. Malvaeece. Greenhouse shrubs 
of the easiest culture, and of considerable 
beauty. Synonymes: 1, Sida Bedfordiana; 
2, S. globiflbra ; 3, S. graveSlens, hirta, tomen- 
Visa; 4, S. integerrlma ; 5, S. pulckilla ; 6, S. 
picta ; 7, S. vendsa; 8, S. mtifblia. 
Bodfordianuml T. red 11, 8. Ev. 8. 14 Brazil . 1838 
esculentum . . Purple 9, S". Ev. S. 8 Brazil 
giobiflbrum 2 . Cream 11, 8. Ev. 8'. 4 Mauritius 1825 
graveblens 3 . Yel.or. 8, S. Ev. S. 6 E. Ind. . 1842 
insfgne ... W.crm. 6, G. Ev. 8. 6 N. Gren. 1851 
integerrlmum 4 Yellow 5, 8. Ev. S. 14 N. Gren. 
pseoniaeflbrum . Rose 1, G. Ev. S. 6 Brazil . 1843 
pulchellum 5 . White 9, G. Be. 8. 8 N. 8. W. 1821 
rufmerve . . . Straw 8, G. Ev. 8. 6 Rio . . 1845 
striatum 6 . . Oran. all, G. Ev. 8. 10 Brazil . 1837 
venbsum 7 . . Or. red 7, G. Ev. 8. 10 
vitifolium 8. .White 7, H.Ev. S. 6 Chili . 183T 
See Sida. 

Garden Varieties: Alba, Alphonse Karr, Be- 
ranger, Arago, De Cauchy, Due de Malakoff, 
Manetti, Regelii, Van Houttei, &c. 

AcAciA, Necker. From ac, a point, or akazo, 
to sharpen ; many of the species having thorns 
or prickles. Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Fabctcece, 

B 



ACA 



ACA 



Suborder Mimosece. "Very ornamental plants, 
of neat growth and elegant foliage. AH grow 
well in sandy loam and peat, and cuttings 
taken off at a joint, root freely in sand under 
a glass ; portions of the strong roots planted 
in soil, in heat, leaving the points out, pro- 
duce young plants ; but the best plants are 
obtained from seed. The hardy species re- 
quire to be slightly protected in severe 
weather. The bark of some species contains 
the tanning principle in a great degree, parti- 
cularly A. ardbica; the bark of which is 
largely used in tanning leather, and is in 
India regarded as a powerful tonic. Gums 
are yielded in considerable quantities by some 
species ; and in India an intoxicating principle 
is obtained from other species. Synonymes ; 
1, A. acieulcbris ; 2, Mimisa tortudsa ; 3, A. 
strigbsa ; 4, M. Gir&ffce ; 5, A . prostr&ta ; 6, 
A. viscdsa; 7, A. stolonifera ; 8, M. margi- 
nata; 9, A. floribimda ; 10, A. linearis; 11, 
A. mollissima ; 12, A. imprSssa ; 13, M. 
nigricans; 14, A. amblgua ; 15, M. verti- 
cilliuta; 16, M. vertidllhta ; 17, A. taxifdlia ; 
18, A. setigera; 19, A. obtusifdlia ; 20, A. 
uncinata; 21, A. ixiopliplla; 22, A. S'lnilcux,- 
fblia; 23, A. undulata ; 24, A. trlgona. See 
Prdsopis, Darlingtbnia, GagneVbia, Inga, and 
Lagonychium. 

G. Bv. 

S. Bv. 

S. Bv. 

S. Bv. 

G. Bv. 

G. Ev. 

a.' Ev. 

G. Ev. 

G. Ev. 

G. Bv. 



abietlna 
acanthocarpa 
acanthol&ba 
acapulcensis 
acicularis . 
aculcaticarpa 
acutissima . 
afflnis . . 
alata . . . 
albicans . . 
aniara . . 
amdena . . 
anceps . . 
angulata . . 
angustifdlia 
arSbica . . 
arbfirea . 
arendsa . . 
argyrophylla 
armata . . 
Arrophula . 
asparagoldes 
aspera . 
astrtngens . 
Bancroftiana 
Bartheriana 
bifldra . . 
binervata . 
bispindsa . 
bivendsa . . . 
bombyelna . . 
brachyacantha. 
brachyl&ba . . Wht. 
brasiliensis . 
brevifdlia . 
bre'vipes . . 
Brbwnii 1 . 
Brundnis 



Yel. 5 
. Pa.red 4 
. Wht. 
. Wht. 
.Yel. 
. Bed 
. Yel. 

Yel. 
.Yel. 
.Wht. 
. Wht. 
. Yel. 
. Yel. 
.Yel. 
.Yel. 
. Wht 
.Pink 
.Wht. 
. Yel. 
. Yel. 
.Yel. 
. Yel. 
.Yel. 
.Yel. 
■ Yel. 
. Yel. 
.Yel. 
.Yel. 
.Yel. 
.Yel. 

YeL 



Wht. 
. Yel. 
. Yel. 
.YeL 

Yel. 



Burmanniana 2 Yel. 



buxifolia 



cafTra . . . 
calamifdlia . 
canaliculata 
caraccasana . 
eassioldes 
Catechol . . 
celastrifolia 
centrophylla 



Yel. 

Yel. 
. Y.wh. 
. Yel. 
. Yel. 
. Pur. 
.Wht. 
. Pa. y. 
• Yel. 

Wht. 



B. 4 N. Holl. . 1823 
S. 10 N. Spain . 1822 
8. 20 S. Amer. . 1823 
8. 20 Acapuleo . 1825 
8. 6 N. S. W. . 1796 
8. 8 N. Spain . 1822 
S. 6 Swan B. 
8. 6 N. Holl. . 1822 
8. 6 N. Holl. . 1803 
8. 6 SwanB. . 
S. Bv. T. 30 E. Indies 
G. Ev. 8. 5 N. Holl. 
8. 4 N. Holl. 
8. 20 N. Holl. 
8. 20 N. S. W. 
T. 20 E. Ind. 
T. 40 Jamaica 
S. 10 Caraccas 
S. 6 Swan B. 
S. 6 ST. Holl. 
T. 20 Nepal. 
S. 5 N. Holl. 
S. 4 N. Holl. 
8. 6 N. S. W. 
T. 20 Jamaica 
8. Swan R. 
8. 3 N. Holl. 
S. 8 N. Holl. 
S. Swan B. 
S. 10 N. Holl. . 1824 
S. 6 N. S. W. . 1824 
T. 15 S. Amer. 1S24 
G. Her. P. 2 N. Amor. 1803 
B. Ev. T. 30 Brazil . . 1825 
S. 4 N. Holl . 1820 
S. 6 N". 8. W. . 1810 
S. 6 N. 8. W. . 1796 
8. 4 N. Holl. . 1824 
8. 6 Ceylon . 1818 
S. 6 N. Holl. . 1824 
T. 15 E. Ind. . 1778 
G. Ev. T. 12 C. G. H. . 1800 
G. Ev. S. 3 N. Holl. . 1823 
G. Bv. 8. 4 N. Holl. . 1824 
8. Bv. 8. 12 Caraccas . 1817 
8. Bv. T. 20 1820 

8. Bv. T. 40 E. Ind. . 1790 
G. Ev. 8. 6 Swan B. . 1847 
8. Ev. T. 20 Jamaica . 1818 



G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
S. Bv. 
8. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G. Bv. 
G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
8. Ev. 



G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 

8. Ev. 
G. Ev. 

8. Ev. 



1816 
1820 
1820 
1820 
1S16 
1820 
1768 
1816 
1842 
1803 
1818 
ISIS 
1824 
1823 



1803 
1824 



Cerat&nia . Wht. 
cbrysostachys . Yel. 

Chdndra . . Yel. 

ciliaris . . . Yel. 

oiliata 3 . . . Yel. 

cinerascens. . Yel. 

coccfnea . . . Bed 

coehlearis . . Yel. 

concmna . . Wht. 

Concordiana . Wht. 

conferta . . . Yel. 

contdrta . . . Wht. 

copalllna , . Wht. 

cordifdlia . . Yel. 

coriacea . . . Yel. 

cornigera . . Pa. y. 
coronillsefdlia 4 YeL 

Courrantiana . Yel. 

crassiearpa . . Yel. 

crassiuscula . Yel. 

cultrata . . . Yel. 

cultriformis . YeL 

excelsa. . \ Yel. 

meaia . . . YeL 

minima . . Yel. 

variegata . . Yel. 

cuneata . . . Yel. 
Cunningham! . Yel. 

cyanopnylla . Yel. 

Cycl5pis . . . Yel. 

Cygnorum . . Yel. 

DaviesiEefolia . YeL 

dealbata. . . YeL 

decipiens . . Yel. 

prsemdrsa . Yel. 

decurrens . . YeL 

delibrata . . Yel. 

deltoldes . . Yel. 

dentifera . . Yel. 

dependens . . Yel. 

detlnens . . . Yel. 

diflusa 5 . . . Yel. 
Dillwynisefdlia. Yel. 

diptera . . . Wht. 

eri6ptera . . Yel. 

discolor . . . Yel. 

divaricata . . Wht. 
dodonseif&lia 6 . Yel. 

dolabrifdrmis . Yel. 

doratoxylon . Yel. 

Douglasii . . Yel. 

Drummdndii . Yel. 

dumdsa . . . Yel. 

eburnea . . . Yel. 

echinula. . . Yel. 

edMiB. . . . YeL 

eglandul&sa . YeL 
elata .... 
elephantorhlza Wht. 

elongata . . . Yel. 

emarginata. . Yel. 

eriocarpa . . Yel. 

esculenta . . Wht. 

Esterhazia . . Yel. 

excelsa . . . Yel. 

falcata . . . Yel. 

falcifdrmis . . Yel. 

Farnesiana . . Yel. 

ferrugmea . . Yel. 

flliclna . . . Yel. 

flexudsa . . . Yel. 

floribunda . Yel. 

formft-sa . . . Wht. 

fronddsa. . . Wht: 

fruticosa . . 

fuscata . . , 

genistsefolia . Yel. 

GirSffie . . . 

glanduldsa . . Wht 
glattca . . Wht. 

glauce"scens. . Yel. 

glomerata . . Yel. 

grandin&ra . . Pur. 

grandis . . . Yel. 
grata . . . 

gravedlens . . Yel. 



3, S. Bv. 

3, S. Ev. 

4, S. Bv. 

5, S. Ev. 
5, G. Bv. 
5, G. Ev. 

G. Ev. 

5, G. Ev. 
4, S. Ev. 
4, 8. Ev. 
4, G. Ev. 
4, 8. Bv. 

4, 8. Bv. 

6, G. Ev. 

5, G. Ev. 
4, S. Ev. 

4, 8. Ev. 

5, G. Bv. 

4, G. Ev. 

5, G. Ev. 
4, G. Ev. 
4, G. Ev. 
4, G. Ev. 
4, G. Ev. 

, G. Ev. 
, G. Ev. 
, G. Ev. 
, G. Ev. 
, G. Ev. 
, G. Ev. 

4, G. Ev. 

5, G. Ev. 

4, S. Ev. 
3, G. Ev. 

3, G. Ev. 

5, G. Ev. 

4, G. Ev. 

3, G. Ev. 

4, G. Ev. 

3, G. Bv. 

6, G. Bv. 

5, G. Ev. 
5, G. Ev. 
5, S. Ev. 
9, G. Ev. 

5, G. Bv. 

4, G. Ev. 

5, G. Ev. 

6, G. Bv. 

6, & Ev. 
G. Bv. 
G. Bv. 

5, 8. Bv. 
5, S. Ev. 
5, G. Ev. 
5, 8 Bv. 
5, G. Ev. 
8. Bv. 
5, G. Ev. 
5, G. Ev. 

4, G. Bv. 

5, G. Bv. 
S. Bv. 

5, G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 

5, G. Ev. 

6, G. Bv. 

7, S. Bv. 
i, 8. Ev. 

6, S. Bv. 

4, 8. Ev. 

5, G. Bv. 
5, S. Ev. 
5, S. Ev. 

8. Bv. 
S. Ev. 

5, G. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
G. Ev. 

7, G. Ev. 

6, G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 

6, 8. Ev. 

4, G. Ev. 

S. Bv. 

6, G. Ev. 



S. 6 
S. 6 
T.15 
S. 15 
T. 20 
8. 6 
S. 6 
S. 10 
T. 30 
8. 4 
T.15 
S. 3 
T.40 



1800 
1824 
1789 
1822 
1803 
1824 

1818 
1823 
1818 
1824 
1825 
1825 

1825 
1692 
1817 
1818 
1824 
1824 
1820 
1844 
1S63 
1863 
1863 
1863 
1837 
1823 
1838 
1824 
1850 
1817 
1824 
1803 
1830 
1790 
1820 
1824 
1839 
1819 
1828 
1814 
1828 
1818 
1840 
1784 
1827 
1818 
1814 
1823 

1859 
1818 
1792 
1824 
1820 
1824, 
1820 
1818 
1824 
1824 

1825 
1824 



N. S. W. . 1790 
N. HolL . 1818 
St. Domln. 1656 
E. Ind. . 1818 
Mexico' . 1825 
Cumana . 1824 
N. 8. W. . 1796 
Mexico 
E. Ind. 
E. Ind. 



s. 


10 S. 


Amer. . 


T. 15 Mauritius 


T.15 E 


Ind. . 


8. 


4 S. 


Amer. . 


S. 


8 N 


Holl. . 


S. 


10 N 


Holl. . 


S. 






s. 


6 N 


Holl. . 


s. 


20 E 


Ind. . 


T 


10 E 


Ind. . 


S. 


6 N 


Hon. . 


T. 20 Brazil . . 


T. 


20 




S. 


6 N. 


Holl. . 


s. 


5 N 


Holl. . 


T. 15 8. 


Amer. . 


S. 


10 N 


Africa . 


T. 20 Canaries . 


S. 


6 N 


Holl. . 


S. 


10 N 


Holl. . 


8. 


15 N 


Holl. . 


8. 


6 N 


Holl. . 


8. 


6 G Carpen. 


S. 


6 G. Carpen. 


S. 


6 G. Carpen. 


8. 


6 G Carpen. 


S. 


6 Swan B. . 


8. 


4 N 


Holl. . 


S. 


18 Swan E. . 


s. 


6 N 


Holl. . 


s. 


3 Swan B. . 


8. 


6 N. 


Holl. . 


S. 


4 N. 


Holl. . 


S. 


S N. 


Holl. . 


s. 


S N 


HolL . 


s. 


6 N 


S. W. . 


8. 


6 N. 


Holl. . 


S. 


6 N 


Holl. . 


8. 


6 Swan E. . 


S. 


6 V. 


D. L. . 


8. 


3 N. 


Holl. . 


8. 


2 N 


8. W. . 


8. 


3 N. 


HoU. . 


T. 20 8. 


Amer. . 


s. 


10 Swan B. . 


S. 


10 N. 


S. W. . 


s. 


10 B. 


Ind. . 


8. 


6 N. 


Holl. . 


S. 


6 N. 


HoU. . 


8. 


20 N. 


HolL . 


s. 






S. 


6 Swan B, . 


T. 20 E. 


Ind. . 


S. 


5 E. 


Ind. . 


8. 


4 N. 


HoU. . 


T. 20 E. 


Ind. . 


S. 


6 N. 


HoU. . 


T. 60 E. 


Ind. . 


T. 


C. 


G. H. . 


S. 


6 N. 


HoU. . 


s. 


8 N. 


HoU. . 


S. 


N. 


HoU. 


T. 20 N. 


Spain . 


S. 


4 N. 


HolL . 



S. 5 
8. 3 
S. 

S. 10 
S. 10 
8.10 
S. 15 



N. 8. W. 
C. G. H. 
N. Amer. 
America 
N. 8. W. 



1825 
1810 
1820 
1824 
1825 
1816 
1806 
1690 
1790 



E. Ind. . 1769 
N. HoU. . 1850 
BrazU . . 1820 
N. HoU. . 1820 



AOA 



ACA 



guayaquilensia 


S. Bv. 


S. 10 Guyaquil 


. 1818 


guianenaia . 


. Wht. 


4, S. Bv. 


T. 40 Cayenne 


. 1803 


Guilandlna . 


.Tel. 


5, 8. Bv. 


CLIO Cayenne 


. 1820 


gummifera . 


.Wht, 


5, G. Ev. 


T. 30 Guinea 


. 1823 


hesraatdxylon 


. T.wl 


. 5, 8. Bv. 


T. 20 C. G. H. 


. 1816 


haatulata . 


. Tel. 


5, G. Bv. 


S. 4 N. HolL 


. 1824 


hebecephala 


.Tel. 


4, G. Ev. 


S. 6 N. HolL 


. 1817 


hebeclada 7 


.Tel. 


5, G. Ev. 


T. 40 C. G. H. 


.1816 


heterocfintha 


. Tel. 


6, G. Ev. 


T. 10 C. G. H. 


. 1816 


heteroclita . 


.Tel. 


G. Ev. 


S. 




heteromalla 


.TeL 


6, 8. Ev. 


S. 10 N. Holl. 


. 1818 


heterophylla 


.Tel. 


5, G. Bv. 


S. 5 N. Holl. 


. 1824 


hispidissima 


.Wit 


4, G. Bv. 


S. 4 Jamaica 


. 1800 


hispidtila . 


.Tel. 


4, G. Bv. 


S. 2 N". S. W. 


. 1794 


holoserlcea . 


.Tel. 


4, G. Ev. 


S. 20 N. Holl. 


. 1820 


honiomaila . 


.Tel. 


6, G. Ev. 


S. 6 N. Holl. 


. 1822 


hurrida . . 


. YeL 


6, S. Ev. 


S. 6 Africa . 


. 1823 


Houstdni . 


. Pur. 


9, S. Ev. 


8. 10 Vera Cruz 1729 


HugeUi . . 


.Tel. 


5, G. Ev. 


S. 




humifnsa . 


.TeL 


5, G. Ev. 


T. 20 N. HolL 


. 1820 


hybrida . . 


.YeL 


6, G. Ev. 


S. 5 Hybrid 


. 1822 


impressa 


. Tel. 


5, G. Ev. 


8. 5 M". Holl. 


. 1824 


indica . . 


.Tel. 


4, S. Bv. 


S. 10 E. Ind. 


. 1800 


intermedia . 


.YeL 


4, G. Ev. 


S. 8 N. Holl. 


. 1818 


intertexta 19 
Intsia . . . 


. Yel. 


5. G. Bv. 


8. 6 N. Holl. 


. 1S24 


. T."wh. 4, S. Ev. 


T. 12 B. Ind. 


. 1778 


ixiophyUa . = 


.Yel. 


3, G. Bv. 


8. N. S. W. 


. 1844 


Jacaranda . 


.Pink 


4, S. Ev. 


T. 20 S. Amer. 


. 1825 


JuUbrissin . 


.Wht. 


8, H.De. 


T. 20 Levant 


. 1745 


junfidra . . 


. Wht. 


5, S. Ev. 


8. 3 Jamaica 


. 1793 


juniperlna . 


. Yel. 


5, G. Ev. 


S. 6 N. S. W. 


. 1790 


Kalkdra . . 




S. Ev. 


T. 45 B. Ind. 


. 1818 


kermeslna . 


. Pur. 


S. De. 


8. 




Larabertiana 


. Pur. 


5, G. Ev. 


B. 6 Mexico 


.1818 


lanigera . . 


. Tel. 


4, G. Ev. 


S. 6 N. Holl. 


. 1824 


latifolia . . 


. TeL 


G. Ev. 


8. 




latisfliqua . 


. Pink 


5, S. Ev. 


S. 10 W. Ind. 


.1777 


latronum . 


Wht. 


5, S. Ev. 


T. 20 B. Ind. 


. 1824 


laurifbUa . 


. Tel. 


5, S. Ev. 


8. 4 Tanna . 


. 1775 


Lawabni . . 




G. Ev. 


S. ST. 8. W. 




Lebbek . . 


. Pink 


5, S. Ev. 


T. 20 Egypt . 


.' 1823 


lentiscifolia 




S. Ev. 


T. 20 Mexico 


. 1824 


leprbsa . . 


.' Yel. 


5, G. Ev. 


T. 6 N. HolL 


. 1817 


leptocarpa . 


.Tel. 


4, G. Ev. 


S. N. Holl. 


. 1821 


leptonelira . 


. YeL 


5, G. Bv. 


S. 6 N. Holl. 


. 1846 


leptophylla . 




S. Ev. 


T. 20 8. Amer. 


. 1824 


leucocephala 
leucophlsea 


."Wht. 


7, B. Ev. 


S. 6 S. Amer. 


. 1823 


. Pa. y 


6, S. Ev. 


T. 12 B. Ind. 


. 1S12 


leucophylla. 


.Yel. 


5, G. Ev. 


S. 6 N. Holl. 


1822 


ligulata . . 


.TeL 


3, G. Bv. 


8. N. S. W. 


1818 


linearis . . 


.YeL 


5, Q. Ev. 


B. S N. S. W. 


.1820 


lineata . . 


.YeL 


4, G. Ev. 


8. 6 N. HolL 


. 1824 


linifblia . . 


. Yel. 


5, G. Bv. 


S. 3 N. 8. W. 


. 1790 


Htakunensis 




G. Ev. 


S. 8 Litakun 


. 1816 


lomatocarpa 8 


'. Pa. y 


4, S. Bv. 


8. 30 E. Ind. 


. 1824 


longifbha 9 . 


.Yel. 


4, G. Bv. 


S. 10 N. 8. W. 


. 1792 


magnirj ca . 


.TeL 


4, G. Ev. 


8. 10 Hybrid 




longlssima 10 


.Yel. 


5, S. Bv. 


S. 4 N. S. W. 


. 1819 


pendula . 


. Tel. 


5, G. Ev. 


8. 3 Hybrid 




lophantha . 


.Tel. 


6, G. Ev. 


S. 10 N. Holl. 


. 1803 


Newmanni 


.YeL 


6, G. Ev. 


S. 6 Hybrid 




specibsa . 


. Tel. 


6, G. Ev. 


8. 6 Hybrid 




lophantholdes 


.TeL 


5, S. Bv. 


8. 20 Jamaica 


. 1820 


liieida . . 




S. Bv. 


T. 40 E. Ind. 


. 1820 


lunata 


!TeL 


4, G. Ev. 


S. 2 V. D. L. 


. 1810 


macracan- 
tholdes . 


|TeL 
.Tel. 


3, S. Ev. 


T. 20 Jamaica 


. 1820 


macradenia 


3, G. Bv. 


8. 10 N. HoU. 


. 1847 


macrophyUa 


YeL 


G. Ev. 


S. 




Mangium . 


Yel. 


4, S. Bv. 


8. 10 B. Ind. 


1820 


marginata 24 


Yel. 


5, G. Ev. 


S. 4 N. 8. W. 


. 1803 


maroccana 


TeL 


5, G. Bv. 


S. 6 Morocco 


1823 


Meisneri . . 


Tel. 


G. Ev. 


8. 




melandxylon 


Tel. 


5, G. Ev. 


S. 8 V. Die. L 


1818 


microphylla 


.TeL 


5, B. Bv. 


S. 10 Caraccas 


1826 


rniriobtftrya 


.Yel. 


5, G. Ev. 


8. 




nicesta . . 


YeL 


4, G. Ev. 


8. N. Holl. 


1845 


nwUia 11 . 


Yel. 


7, S. Bv. 


S. 6 N. HolL 


1810 


monaean tha 


Wht. 


.4, S. Bv. 


T. 20 Brazil . 


1818 


mucronata . 


YeL 


5, G. Bv. 


8. 6 N. Holl. 


1818 


mueronulata 


YeL 


5, G. Bv. 


8. 4 N. HoU. 


1824 


multinervia 


Yel. 


4, G. Ev. 


S. 5 N. HoU. 


1824 


myrtifblia . 


Pa. y. 


3, G. Ev. 


S. 3 N. 8. W. 


1789 


nervbsa . . 


YeL 


5, G. Ev. 


8. 4 N. HolL 


1824 


neurocarpa . 


YeL 


4, G. Ev. 


8. N. HoU. 


1820 


nigricans 


Yel. 


6, G. Ev. 


S. 8 N. HoU. 


1803 



obtusata . . . 
obtusifblia . . 
odoratissima . 
pendula . . 
oleifblia 20 -. . 
oligophylla . . 
oncinophyUa . 
ornithophora . 
ovata .... 
oxycedrua 17 . 
paniculata . . 
papulifdrmis . 
paradoxa 23 . 
pat.ula . . . 
pedunculata . 
pendula . . . 
pennata . . . 
penninervis 12 
pentadenia . . 
peregrina . . 
persoonioldes . 
peruviana . . 
petiolaris . . 
pUdsa . . . 
platyphylla . . 
platyptera . . 
plectocarpa 
plumbsa . . . 
podalyrisefdha . 
polygalsefdlia . 
polyphylla . . 
portoricensia . 
prensans . . 

pri.smal.ica . . 

procera . . . 
pr6minens . . 
prostrata . . 
pubescens . . 
pugionifdrmis . 
pulchella 

magna . . . 
pulcherrima . 
pyrifdUa . . . 
qiiadrangularia 
quadrilateralis 
reticulata . . 
rhodacantha . 
Biceana 18 . . 
Riehardsdni . 
rigens . . ,. 
ruLmsta . . . 
Bohriana 13 
Rdssii . . 
rotundifdUa 
rubida . . . 
ruscif6ha . . 
rutfef&Ha . . 
eallgna ... 
aapindoldes 
sarmentdsa 
seandens . . 
scleroxylon . . 
eemicordata . 
Senegal . . . 
sericata . . . 
Serissa .... 
setigera . . . 
Bimaii .... 
sinuata * . . 
smilacif61ia 
Smithiana . . 
Sophdrse . . . 
specidaa . . . 
apect£bilis . . 

exceiaa . . . 
Splni .... 
squamata . . 
atenophyUa 
stipulata . . 
strfcta . . . 
strombulifera . 
suavedlens 14 . 
subulata . . 
sulcata . . . 
Sundra . . 
tamarindifdlia 



Tel. 

Tel. 

Wht. 

Tel. 

Tel. 

TeL 

TeL 

Tel. 

YeL 

TeL 

Tel. 

Yel. 

TeL 



Tel. 5, 

Tel. 4, 

TeL 5, 

Tel. 4, 

Wht. 7, 



TeL 

Wht. 6 

Tel. 6, 

Oran. 8 

TeL i. 

TeL 

Yel. 

Tel. 

Wht. 

Wht. 

Tel. 

Tel. 

Pa. y. 6. 

Yel. " 

Tel. 

TeL 

Tel. 

Tel. 

Tel. 

Wht. 6, 

Tel. 5. 

Wht. 8j 

Tel. 5. 

Wht. 5! 



Tel. 
YeL 
TeL 5, 

Wht. 4, 

Tel. 
Yel. 
Yel. 
YeL 
Yel. 
Yel. 
Yel. 
Pur. 
Wht. 5, 

Wht. 6. 
YeL 4, 



Tel. 
Tel. 
Tel. 
Yel. 4, 



Yel. 5. 

Pur. 8j 

Tel. 4, 

TeL 4, 
Bed y. 6, 

Yel. 4'. 
Yel. 

Wht. 5. 

Yel. 3. 



Yel. 
TeL 
Tel. 
Tel. 
Wht. 



Ev. 8. 
Ev. S. 
Ev. T. 
Bv. 8. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. 8. 
Bv. 8. 
Ev. S. 
Ev. S. 
Ev. S. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. 8. 
Bv. S. 
Bv. T. 
Ev. T. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. T. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. S. 
Ev. T. 
Ev. S. 
Ev. T. 
Ev. S. 
Ev. 8. 
Bv. 8. 
De. CI. 
Bv. S. 
Ev 8. 
Bv. S. 
Bv. S. 
Ev. CI. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. T. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. S. 
Ev. S. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. S. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. S. 
Bv. T. 
De. 8. 
Ev. 8. 
Bv. 8. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. T. 
Ev. T. 
Bv. 8. 
Bv. 8. 
Bv. 8. 
Bv. 8. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. T. 
Ev. CI. 
Bv. CI. 
Ev. T. 
Ev. T. 
Ev. T. 
Ev. S. 
Bv. T. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. S. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. S. 
Bv. T. 
Ev. 8. 
Bv. 8. 
Bv. S. 
Bv. 8. 
Ev. T. 
Bv. 8. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. T. 
Ev. 8. 
Bv. 8. 
Bv. 8. 
Ev. S. 
Bv. 8. 
Ev. T. 
Ev. 8. 



10 N. HoU. 

6 N. HoU. 

40 E. Ind. 

10 E. Ind. 

6 N. HoU. 
4 

7 .Swan B. 
6 N. HolL 

6 N. HoU. 
15 Brazil 

6 N. HoU. 

6 N. HoU. 
20 8. Amer. 
30 B. Ind. 

3 N. HolL 
12 E. Ind. 

6 N. HoU. 

5 N. HoU. 

8 S. Amer. 
N. HoU 

6 Peru . 

80 Jamaica 
10 N. HoU. 

3 Swan E. 
6 ST. HoU. 

20' 

6 N. Holl. 

6 N. HoU. 
20 N. HoU. 

6 W. Ind. 
40 

6 
60 B. Ind. 

4 N. HoU. 
8 V. D. L. 

10 N. 8. W. 

6 N. HoU. 

4 N. HolL 

4 N. HoU. 
20 BrazU . 

6 N. HoU. 

4 

4 N. HoU. 
10 C. G. H. 
20 

4 V. D. L. 
10 N. HoU. 

5 N. Holl. 

6 C. G. H. 
30 8. Amer. 
40 

6 Swan B. 

8 N. HoU. 
12 N. HoU. 

4 
10 N. HoU. 



1824 
1823 
1790 



1847 
1824 



. 1824 

.' 1818 
. 1822 
. 1824 
. 1773 
.1824 
. 1830 
. 1780 

'. 1820 

1800 

1820 

. 1840 

. 1824 

. 1824 
. 1824 
. 1824 
. 1824 

. 1818 
. 1816 
. 1824 
. 1847 
. 1790 
. 1818 
. 1803 

.1823 
. 1824 
. 1825 
. 1820 
. 1816 

. 1835 
. 1822 
. 1824 
. 1816 
. 1823 
. 1822 
. 1840 
. 1823 
. 1824 
. 1810 
. 1818 
20 MoretonB.1830 



10 Ceylon 
10 India . 
20 W. Ind. 
40 E. Ind. 
20 Africa . 

6 N. HoU. 
20 E. Ind. 

8 V. D. L. . 1847 
N. HoU . 1819 



, 1820 
. 1780 
. 1822 
. 1820 
, 1823 
. 1820 
. 1822 



2 Swan E. 
45 E. Ind. 
10 V. D. L. 
10 E. Ind. 

6 N. 8. W. 

6 Hybrid 

8 

6 N. HoU 
N. S. W. 
20 Bengal 

2 N. 8. W. 

8 Peru . 

4 N. 8. W. 

4 N. HoU. 

2 N. HoU. 

15 B. Ind. 

24 W. Ind. 

B2 



1850 
1820 
1805 
1742 
1837 



1836 
1818 
1800 
1790 
1825 
1790 
1824 
1803 
1789 
1774 



AC2E 



AOE 



taxifulia 

tetragdna 

tomentdsa 

tortudsa . 

trapezoldes 

trich6des 

trigonocarpa 

trinervata 

tristis 

umbehata 

umbr6sa . 

uncinata 

uncinif61ia 

undulsefdlia 

urophyUa 22 

vaga . . 

vemista . 

vera . . 

verniciflua 

verticiUata 
angusta 15 
latifdUa 16 

veatlta . . 

villdsa . . 

viminalis . 

virescens 

virgata . . 

viridifldra . 

viridiramis . 

viscidula 21 

vomerifdrmis 

WaUichiana 

xylocarpa 



.Tel. 
. Wht. 
. Wht. 
. Yel. 
.Tel. 
. Pa. y. 
. Tel. 
. Tel. 
. Yel. 
.Yel. 
.Yel. 
. YeL 
. Yel. 
. Yel. 
. Pa. y. 
.Wit. 
. Pink 
. WM. 
.Yel. 
. Yel. 
. Yel. 
. Yel. 
. Tel. 
. WM. 
.Yel. 
.Yel. 
Yel. 



5, G. Ev. S. 

6, H. Ev. S. 

7, 8. Ev. S. 
5, S. Ev. S. 
4, G. Ev. S. 

S. Ev. S. 
G. Ev. S. 
G. Ev. S. 



4 N. Holl. . 1823 
25 Caraccas . 1820 
2a E. Ind. . 1816 

6 Jamaica .1824 



4 N. Holl. 
10 Peru . 

8 N. Holl. 

6 N. Holl. 
G. Ev. S. 18 N. Holl. 
G. Ev. S. N. Holl. 
25 N. HolL* 

4 N. 8. W. 

6 Swan R. 

4 N. HoU. 

6 Swan E. 



G. Ev. S. 
G. Ev. S. 
G. Ev. S. 
G. Ev. S. 
G. Ev. S. 



Ev. T. 40 Brazil . 
7, S. Ev. T. 6 S. Amer. 

7, S. Ev. T. 12 Egypt . 

4, G. Ev. S. 6 N. Holl. 

i, G. Ev. S. 10 V. D. L. 

4, G. Ev. S. 10 N. Holl. 

4, G. Ev. S. 10 N. HoU. 

6, G. Ev. S. 6 N. HoU. 



1810 
. 1818 
. 1824 
. 1820 
. 1S2S 

1819 
. 1824 
. 1819 
. 1846 
. 1824 
. 1836 
. 1818 
. 1816 
. 1596 
. 1818 
.1780 
. 1780 
. 1780 
. 1820 
. 1800 
. 1820 



, Tel. 

.Tel. 

. WM. 

Tel. 

xylophyUoldes Tel. 



7, S. Ev. S. 6 Jamaica 

4, G. Ev. S. N. Holl. 
7, S. Ev. T. 20 S. Amer. . 1820 

5, G. Ev. S. 4 N. HoU. . 1824 
. W. gn. 6, S. Ev. T. 20 S. Amer. . 1823 
. Tel. 4, G. Ev. S. 4 C. G. H. . 1816 

3, G. Ev. S. 12 N. S. W. . 1844 
, G. Ev. S. N. HoU. . 1818 

4, 8. Ev. S. 20 E. Ind. . 1820 
4, G. Ev. S. N. HoU. . 1820 

G. Ev. S. 

AcJfcNA, Linn. From. dkaina, a thorn ; in allu- 
sion to the thorns or bristles on the calyx or 
fruit. Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Sanguisorbaceoe. 
Humble, shrubby, curious plants, growing 
well in sandy loam and peat. Cuttings will 
root planted in soil, and protected by a frame 
or hand-glass. Synonymes : 1, Ancistrum ad- 
scSndensj 2, An. arginteum; 3, An. latebrdsum. 
adscendens 1 . Green 5, H. Her. P. 1 Magellan 1822 
argentea 2 . . Green 5, H. Her. P. 2 Chile . . 1822 
elongata. . . Green 6, P. Ev. S. 2 Mexico . 1827 
laevigata . . . Green 7, G. Her. P. 1 Magellan 1790 
latebrdsa 3 . . Green 6, H. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1822 
lucida . . . Green 5, H. Her. P. \ Falk. Is. . 1777 
mageUahioa . Yel. 5, G. Her. P. \ MageUan 1823 
myriophyUa . Green 5, H. Her. P. 1 Mendoza . 1828 
ovalif&Ha . . Green 5, H. Her. P. \ Peru . . 1802 
ovlna .... Green 6, H. Her. P. 1 IV. HolL . 1818 
pinnatffida . . Green 5, G. Her. P. \ Chile . . 1822 
Sanguisdrbas . Green 6, H. Her. P. 1 N. Zeal. . 1796 
sericea . . . Green 5, G. Her. P. 1 Pt. Desire 1824 
splendens . . Green 5, G. Ev. S. 1 . 1838 

AcALYPHA, Linn. From a, privative, kalos, 
pleasant, and aphe, touch. Linn. 21, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Euphorbiacece. 'Worthless species of 
the easiest culture. — alopeeuroidea, braohystd- 
ehya, caroliniana, eiliata, colorata, cuspidata, 
diversifdlia, hispida, indica, inUgrifblia, laevi- 
gata,, macrostdchya, mdllis, paucifldra, polystd- 
chya, prunifolia, riptans, rubra, scabrdsa, vir- 
gata, virginica. 

AcANGA. See Brom&lia Acdnga. 

AcANTHACEiE. A natural order of plants, chiefly 
tropical, consisting of soft-wooded herbs, un- 
dershrubs, and shrubs ; many of them very 
beautiful. 

Acanthitjm. See Onopbrdwm Acdnthium. 

Acantholimon, Boiss. From akanthos, a 
spine, and limon, sea lavender. Leaves and 
bracts. Linn. 5, Or. 5, Nat. Or. Plantagi- 
nacece. Plants resembling the Sldtice and 
requiring similar treatment. They are in- 
creased by division of the roots, and grow 



in any light rich soil. Synonyme: 1, Sl&tice 

ararati. 

glumaceum 1 . Hose 5, P. Ev. P. i Armenia . 1845 

Acanthon^ma, Hooker. From akantlws, a 
spine, and nema, a filament ; from the spine- 
like form of some of the filaments. Linn. 14, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Cyrtandracece. Plants resem- 
bling in habit the species of Streptooarpus, and 
requiring similar treatment. They are in- 
creased by division of the roots, 
strigdsa . Dk. pur. 5, S. Her. P. J W. Africa 1861 

AcANTHOPHfppiUM, Blwm. The meaning of 
the name is not explained. Linn. 20, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Orchidacece. A. bicolor is a very 
curious and rather rare plant; in habit it 
much resembles a Oeodbrum, only it has 
pseudo-bulbs instead of tubers, while its rich 
flowers are produced from near the base of the 
shoots. A. striatum is much inferior. They 
will thrive well with the same treatment as 
BUtia, provided they have a greal; deal of heat 
and moisture during the growing season. Sy- 
nonyme : 1, A . javinse. 

bicolor . . Yel. red 6, S. Epi. | Ceylon . 1833 
javanicum 1 . Cr. rose 8, S. Epi. 1J Java . 1844 
striatum . White 6, S. Epi. f Nepal . . 

uylhetense . . White 6, S. Epi. I Sylhet. . 1837 

Acanthospermum. From akanthos, a spine,, 
and sperma, a seed. , Linn. 19, Or. i, Nat. 
Or. Asleracem. — XanthcMes. 

Acanthostachys. From akanthos, a spine, 
and staehys, a spike. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Bromeliaceai. Plants easily cultivated in the 
stove, with a soil composed of equal parts of 
sand, decayed wood, and rotten leaves. .They 
are propagated by suckers stuck in a hot-bed. 
Synonyme : 1, HohenMrgia strobildcea. 
strohilacea 1 . Bed y. 6, S. Her. P. 4 Brazil . . 1840 

Acanthus, Linn. From akanthos, a spine, 
some of the species being spiny. Bear's 
Breech, Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Aeanthaoece. 
Coarse, yet stately, herbaceous plants, flou- 
rishing in almost any soil or situation, and 
increased by division or by seed with great 
facility. A. nubllis is said to be emollient*; 
and it is conjectured that the leaf of this plant 
furnished the ancients with the elegant Acan- 
thus leaf of their architecture. See Dilivaria. 
carduifdUus . Blue 8, G. Her. P. 3 C. G. H. . 1816 
hispanicus . White 8, H. Her. P. 3 Spain . . 1700 
ilicifbUus . S. Ev. S. 3 E. Ind. . 1759 

m6Uia . . . Pur. w. 8, H. Her. P. 3 Italy . . 1548 
nlger . . . White 8, H. Her. P. 3 Portugal . 1759 
spinosissimus Pur. w. 8, H. Her. P. 3 S. Eur. . 1629 
spindsus . . Pur. w. 8, H. Her. P. 3 Italy . 1629 

AcARNA, Willdenow. Theophrastus describes 
a thistle under that name. Linn. 19, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Asteracece. Insignificant plants, 
void of any known merit, and of the easiest 
culture in common soil. Synonyme : l,Atrdc- 
tylis cancellata. — cancellata 1, gummifera. 

Acatjlis, without a stem. 

Accessory, something added to the usual 
number of organs. 

Accrete, grown together. 

Accumbent, lying on something else. 

Acer, Linn. The word, in Latin, signifies 
vigorous, or sharp, and comes from ac, meaning 



ACE 



AOH 



a point, in Celtic. The name is nsed to desig- 
nate this genus on account of the wood having 
formerly been much sought after for manufac- 
turing into heads of pikes and lances. Linn. 
23, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Acerdceoe. For the most 
part beautiful trees, of considerable size, gene- 
rally employed in forming avenues or the back 
of shrubberies. The soil they delight most to 
grow in is open sandy loam, in which also 
cuttings will strike freely in the open air ; or 
by layers put down in the autumn they may 
be increased ; but all the best plants are 
obtained from seed, which should be sown 
soon after gathering. From the sap of A. 
saccharinum and other species, the North 
Americans make a considerable quantity of 
very good sugar. Synonymes: 1, A. erio- 
carpon, tomentbsum, glaucwm, virginianum, 
rUbram; 2, A, sempervirens ; 3, A. spicitum; 
4, A. striatum, hpbridum; 5, laurifbliwm. 
, See neg&ndo. 
austrlacum. . Green 5, H. De. T. 30 Austria 
barbAtum . . Gn. y. 4, H. De. T. 15 N. Amer. . 1812 
campestre . . Gn. y. 5, H. De. T. 25 Britain, hedges 

austriacum . Gn. y. 6, H. De. T. 25 Austria . 1812 

colllnum . . Gn. y. 5, H. De. T. 25 France . . 

hebecarpum Gn. y. 6, H. De. T. 25 Britain, hedges 

nanum . . Gn. y. 6, H. De. S. 4 

variegatum . Gn. y, 5, H. De. T. 25 Britain, gardens 
caudatum . . Gn. y. 4, H. De. T. 50 N. India . 1845 
circinatum . Gn. y. 4, H. De. T. 40 Columbia . 1827 
creticum . . Gn. y. 5, H. De. S. 4 Levant . . 1752 
dasycarpuin 1 Gn. y. 4, H. De. T. 25 N. Amer. . 1725 
dissectum . . Gn. y. 5, H. De. T. SO Japan . . 1845 

^luS 1 ?^." }Gn. y. 5,H. Ev. S. 4 Levant . .1759 
hybridum .' . Green 4, H. De. T. 20 Amer. hyb. 1790 
hyreanium . Gn. y. 5, H. De. T. 40 Caucasus . 1838 
iberieum . . Green 5, H. De. T. 40 Asiatic G. . 1826 
lseyigatum . Gn. y. 2, H. De. T. 40 Nepal . . 1840 
lobatum . . Green 5, H. De. T. 20 Siberia . . 1820 
macrophyllum Green 5, H. De. T. 30 N. Amer. . 1826 
montanum 3 . Gn. y. 4, H. De. T. 25 N. Amer. . 1750 

monspessu- j G n. yT 5, H. De. S. 8 France . .1739 

lanum .J J ' 
nigrum . . . Gn. y. 4, H. De. T. 40 N. Amer. . 1812 
obldngum 5 . Gn. w. 1, P. Ev. T. 20 Nepal . . 1824 
V obtusatum . Gn. y. 6, H. De. S. 8 Hungary . 1825 
obtusiftlium . Gn. y. 5, H. De. S. 4 Crete . . 
6pahis . . . Gn. y. 5, H. De. T. 50 Italy . . 1752 
opulifdlium . Gn. y. 5, H. De. S. 12 France . . 1823 
palmatum . . Green H. De. T. 20 Japan . . 1820 
pennsylvii- \„ 5 H De T 2 N. Amer. . 1755 

nicum 4 1 J ' 
platanoldes . Gn. y. 6, H. De. T. 50 Europe . . 1683 
laciniatum . Gn. y. 6, H. De. T. 30 Europe . . 1683 
Lobfelii . . Gn.: y. 5, H. De. T. 50 Naples . . 
variegitum . Gn. y. 6, H. De. T. 25 Europe . ' . 1683 
Pseudo-Pla- j Q . H De T 60 Britain, hedges 
tanus . ) 

purpureum . Pur. 5, H. De. T. 50 Seedling . 1828 
subobtusum Gn. y. 5, H. De. T. 50 Britain, gardens 
variegatum . Gn. y. 4, H. De. T. 50 Britain, gardens 
rubrum . . Red 4, H. De. T. 20 N. Amer. . 1656 
saccharlnum . Yel. 4, H. De. T. 40 N. Amer. . 1735 
striatum . . Green 5, H. De. T. 20 N. Amer. .1755. 
tataricum . . Gn. y. 5, H. De. T. 20 Tartary . 1759 
vUldsum . Gn. y. 4, H. De. T. 50 Kamaon . 1850 
AcEPHALUS, a privative, and kephale, a head. 
AcbrAoBjE, an order of fine hardy trees, suitable 
for park and pleasure garden scenery, of which 
the common sycamore and the maple are repre- 
sentatives. All the larger species abound in a 
saccharine sap, from which, the fine crystalline 
sugar of North America is prepared. They all 
grow in moderate climates. 
AcerAs, Robert Brown. From a, privative, and 



Tceras, horn, on account of the spur being 
absent. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidaeece. 
Very curious plants, rather troublesome to 
cultivate. A light loamy soil, mixed with 
chalk, delights them most, and they can only 
be increased by seeds. Synonyme: 1, Orchis 
secundiflbra, Ophrys densiflbra. 
anthrop6phora Green 6, H. Tu. P. 5 England ch. fi. 
secundifldra . Violet 7, F. Tu. P. | S. Eur. . 1829 

AcerAtium, Decandolle. Derived from a, pri- 
vative, and keras, a horn ; implying that the 
anthers are destitute of horns. Linn. 11, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Tiliacece. An interesting species, 
grown in peat and loam ; multiplied from 
cuttings, 
oppositifolium White 6, S. Ev. T, 20 Amboyna 1818 

Acerose, fine and slender, with a sharp point. 

ACETARIOTJS, any thing belonging to the salad 
tribe of plants. 

Acetose, sour, tart, acid. 

AcETOSELLA. See RiUmex Aeetosilla, and Oxalis 
AcetosUla. 

Acetabuliformis, saucer shaped. 

AchAnia, Swartz. From akanos, closed ; corolla 
does not expand wide. See genus Malvoyviscus, 
to which the species of Achania properly belong. 

Achillea, Linn. Named after . Achilles, a 
pupil of Chiron, and the first who used the 
plant so called in medicine. Linn. 19, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Asteraeeoz. Showy, free-flowering spe- 
cies, succeeding well in any common soil, and 
readily increased by dividing the roots. A. 
tomentbsa is, by its bright yellow flowers, well 
suited for ornamenting rock-work. The dried 
leaves of A. Ptdrmica, powdered, and taken 
up the nostrils, excite sneezing. A. moschala 
is sudorific and acrid, and makes a wholesome 
food for cattle. Synonymes : 1, A. serrhta ; 2, 
A. ambiguaj 3, A. JUicifdlia,; 4, A. ochro- 
leuca; 5, A. helvetica; 6, A. amhna; 7, A. 
amdena. 

abrotanifdlia . Tel. 7, H. Her. P. 2 Levant . 1739 
acuminata .■ . Wht. 8, H. Her. P. 1 1830 

SBgyptlaca . . Pa. y. 8, G. Ev. S. 1 Levant . 1640 
Ageratum . . Yel. 9, H. Her. P. 2 S. Eur. . 1570 
albicaulis . . Pa. y. 7, H. Ev. S. 1J Caucasus 1836 
albida . . .Pa. y. 7, H. Her. P. 1 , 1819 

alplna . . . Wht. 9, H. Her. P. J Siberia . 1731 
snglica 1 ■ . . Wht. 8, H. Her. P. | Britain, fields 
anthcmoldes . Pa. y. 7, H. Her. P. } 
asplenifdlia . Pink 7, H. Her. P. 14 N. Amer. 1803 
atrata . . . Wht. 8, H. Her. P. 2 Austria . 1598 
ailrea . . . Yel. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Levant . 1739 
auriculata . . Yel. 7, H. Her. P. 1 A. Minor 1827 
biserrata . . Wht. 6, H. Her. P. 1J Albania . 1820 

0h f6h? meI1 ' } Wht - f. H - Her - P - I France .1825 

Clavehnse '. . Wht. 6, H. Her. P. i Austria . 1656 

coarctata . . Yel. 8, H. Her. P. % S. Eur. . 1816 

compacta . . Pa. y. 7, H. Her. P. 1 1803 

coronopifdlia . Pa. y. 7, H. Her. P. lj Levant . 1823 

crttioa . . . Wht. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Candia . 1739 

cristata . . . Wht. 7, H. Her. P. J Italy . . 1784 

orithmifdlia . Wht. 7, H. Her. P. j Hungary 1804 

decoldrans . . Wh. y. 7, H. Her. P. 1 1798 

decfimbens . Yel. 7, H. Ev. Tr. J Kamtsch. 1816 
Eupatorium3. Yel. 7, H. Her. P. 2 Casp. Sh. 1803 

falcata . . .Pa. y. 7, H. Her. P. i Levant . 1739 

Gerb&ri . . .Pa. y. 7, H. Her. P. lj Siberia . 1821 

glomerata . . Yel. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Caucasus 1818 

grandmora. . Wht. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Caucasus 1818 

flore-plSno . Wht. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Gardens 

H6rba-rdta. . Wht. 7, H. Her. P. £ France . 1640 

holoserieea . Wht. 8, H Her. V. J Parnass. . 1817 



ACH 



AOH 



. Tel. 
. Wht, 

.■wit. 

. Pa. y. 
.Wht 
.Wilt. 
. Wht. 
.Yel. 



imbricata . 
impatiens . 
lanata . . 
leptophylla 
ligustica . 
lingulata . 
macrophylla 
micrantha . . - 
microphylla . WhtA 8, 
Millefolium . Wht. is, 

variegata, 6 
mongdlica . 
moscnata . 
myriophylla 
nana . . . 
n6biHs . . 
ochroleuca . 
odorata . . 
pauciflora . 
pectinata 4 
Ptarmica . 
~ flldre-pleno 
pubescens . 
punctata . 
recurvifolia 
Santollna . 
santolinoldes 
serrata . . 



specidsa . 
squarrdsa 
sylvatica 



.Wht. 
. Wht. 
. Wht. 
Wht. 
. Wht. 
.Wht. 
. Pa. y. 
.Wht. 
.Yel. 
. Pa. y. 
. Wht. 
. Wht. 
. Lt. y. 
. Straw 
.Wht. 
. Pa. y. 
. Wht. 
.Wht. 
.Wht. 
.Wht. 
. Wht. 
.Wht. 



tanacetifdlia . Pink 
tenuifdlia . . Yel. 
taurica . . . Pa. y. 
tomentosa . . Yel. 
valleslaca 5 . Wht. 
vermicularis 7 Yel. 



H. Her. P. i Persia 

H. Her. P. 2 Siberia 

H. Her. P. 1 

H. Her. P. 1 

H. Her. P. 4 

H. Her. P. 1 

H. Her. P. 3 

H. Her. P. 1 

H. Her: P. 1 

H. Her. P. 2 

H. Her. P. 2 

H. Her. P. | Siberia 

H. Her. P. 2 Italy . 

H. Her. P. 1£ 

H. Her. P. J Italy 



1818 
1759 
1804 
Tauria . 1816 
Italy . . 1791 
Hungary 1815 
Italy . . 1710 
Levant . 1805 
Spain. . 1800 
Britain, fields 
Gardens . 

. 1818 

. 1775 

1798 

.1759 



H. Her.- P. 2 Germany 1640 
H. Her. P. 2 Hungary 1804 
H. Her. P. £ Spain . . 1729 
H. Her. P. 1 Spain . . 1810 
H. Her. P. 1J Hungary 1801 
H Her. P. 1 Britain,mo.pl. 



H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 
H. Her. 



H. Her. P. 1 



Britain, gdns. 
Levant . 1739 
Naples . 1820 
Pyrenees 1820 
Levant . 1759 
Spain . . 
Switz. . 1686 
Hungary 1805 
1804 
1775 



14 Calabria . 1830 
1 Switz. 

1 Switz. 
li Tauria 

2 Britain 
Switz. 

H Russia 



1820 
165S 
1818 

1819 
1835 



, H. Her. 
,H. Eer. 
, H. Her. 
, H. Her. 
, H. Her. 
, H. Her. 
, H. Her. 

Banndtica, dentifera, dlstans 2, diibia, hetero 
phtflla, intermedia, ',ndgna, Millefblium ru- 
brum, montdna, polyphtjlla, rdsea, strfcta. 
Achimenes, P. Browne. A word of unknown 
meaning. Linn, li, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Gesne- 
rdceos. The above name was originally given 
to two species by Dr. Patrick Browne in his 
Histoiy of Jamaica, one of which has been 
long known in our gardens as Trevirana cocci- 
nea, or Cyrilla pulchilla ; the original name 
has been restored by De Candolle iu his Pro- 
dromus. The recent acquisitions to this ele- 
gant and free-flowering genus, rank amongst 
the most beautiful of our conservatory plants. 
For cultivation see Trevirana : they are propa- 
gated by cuttings, or by the imbricated buds 
which they produce underground and on the 
stems. Synonymes: 1, Trevirana coc&nea, 
Cyrilla pulcMlla; 2, A. heterophfilla, ignis- 
eens, Trevirana helerophfilla ; 3, Acisunthera 
atrosanguinea, Cheirdnthera atrosanguinea. 
argyrostlgma . Wh. ro. 6, H. Her. P. 1 N. Gren. 1845 
atrosanguinea Crim. 8, S. Her. P.-l : 



Candida 
capreolata 
coccfnea 1 
cupreata 
f ormdsa . 
grandifldra 



Guatem. 1848 
Guatem. 1848 



. Yel. w. 6, S. Her. P. 1, 

. Rod 6, S. Her. P. 1' 

. Scarlet 8, S. Her. P. i Jamaica 1778 

. Scarlet 7, S. Her. P. J M. Gren. 1845 

. Rose 9, S. Her. P. I 

. P.crim 10, G. Her. P. li Mexico 



Gloxinisefl&ra 
hlrta . . 
hirshta . 
Kleei. . 
Liebmanni 
longifldra 

plena . 
misera . 
xnultifidra 

fimbriate 
ocellata . 
patens . 



6, 8. 
6, S. 
9, S. 



1842 
1842 

1845 
1850 



Ghiesbre'ghtii 2 So. pur. 6, S. Her. P. 1 Mexico 
Her. P. 1 Mexico 
Her. P. 1 Mexico 
Her. P. 2i Guatem. 1842 
Her. P. i Guatem. 1845 
Her. P. 1 

Guatem. 1841 
Guatem. 1842 
Guatem. 1848 
Brazil . 1842 
Brazil . 1843 



White 
. Red 
. Rose 
. Lilac 

. P. crim. 7; S. 
. Violet 8, G. Her. P. 1 
. Violet 8, S. Her. P. 1 
. Br. wh. 6, S. 
. Lilac 10, S. 
. Pa lilac 7, S. 

Red 7, S. Her. P. 1J Panama 1846 



Her. P. 1 
Her. P. 1 
Her. P. 1 



Violet 6, 3. Her. P. 1 Mexico . 1846 



Her. P. 2 Guatem. 1840 

Her. P. 1 Mexico . 1844 

Her. P. li Guatem. 1841 

Her. P. 1 Guatem. 1847 

Her. P. 1 1847 

Her. P. 1 Hybrid . 1847 

Her. P. 1 S. Amer. 1850 



pedunculata . Sc. yel. 6, S. 

picta . . . . Sc. yel. 6, S. 

rdsea. . . . Pink 6, S. 

pyropsea . . Scarlet 6, S. 

Skinneri . . Rose 7, S. 

venusta . . . Purple 7, S. 

viscida 3 . . Red w. 6, S. 

Garden Byorids.—Tho hybrids are very nu- 
merous, and some exceedingly beautiful. 
Amongst these may be mentioned Adonis, 
amabilis, Aurora, elegans, Escheriana, Estella, 
gigantea, ignea, magnified, Mazeppa, and 
Roezlia. 
Achlys, Decandolle. From oxhlys, meaning 
obscure, in allusion to the obscurity of the 
genus. Linn. 13, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Berberidiicece. 
A tuberous-rooted plant, of little beauty, mul- 
tiplied by cuttings, and grown in Sandy loam, 
triphylla . . Wht. 5, H. Tu. P. 24 K Amer. . 1827 
Achnanthes, Agardh. Derived from achne, 
froth of the ocean, and anthos, flower. Linn. 
24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Diatomacem. Curious 
aquatic productions, said to separate by de- 
grees into fragments : between every articu- 
lation or joint is one or more crystalline 
points — brevipes, Idngipes, unipunctata, 
Achnod<5nton, Palisot de Beawvois. From 
achne, a . chaff, or husk, and odon, a tooth. 
Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Graminacem. Very 
insignificant plants, of the easiest culture, in- 
creased by division and seeds. Synonyme : 1, 
Phalaris Bellardi. Bellardi 1, te"nue. 
AcHBAS, Linn. The Greek name for the pear, 
or from ac, meaning a point, in Celtic, in 
allusion to the stiff spines with which the tree 
is covered. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Sapota- 
cece. These plants, in this country, possess 
little merit, but in the West Indies the fruit 
produced by some of the species is much es- 
teemed. A . sapdta yields a fruit as large as a 
quince, the flesh of which is as yellow as a 
carrot ; it has an agreeable smell, and very 
rich taste ; the seeds, two in number, are ape- 
rient and diuretic ; rich loamy soil ; cuttings. 
See Bivmilia, Lue&ma, and MimHsops. 
australis . . White 6, G. Bv. T. 20 N. Holl. . 1827 
Sap6ta . . . White 5, S. Bv. T. 80 S. Amer. . 1731 
Zapotilla . . White 5, S. Bv. T. 10 S. Amer. . 1781 
Achras Pear. See Pyrus communis Achras. 
Achyrantha. See Alternanthera Achyrdntha. 
Achyranthes, Linn. Achuron, chaff, and 
antlios, a flower, in allusion to the chaffy 
nature of the floral leaves. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Amarantacece. Uninteresting plants, 
of easy culture. A. pdrrigens is the most hand- 
some species. See Chamissda, ChlaMstachys, 
and Besmocliceta. 
argentea . . White 8, S. Bv. S. 1 Sicily 

. Pink 7, S. Ev. S. 8 India . 

. White 6, G- Ev. S. 2 N. Holl. 

. White 7, G. A. 2 B. Ind. 

. Wht. gn. 7, G. Bv. S. 8 S. Amer. 

. Green 6, H. A. 2 N. Amer. 

. Purple 6, G. Ev. S. 6 E. Ind. 

. White 6, G. Ev. S. 2 Canaries 

. Pink 8, S. Ev. S. 2 

. Purple 7, S. Ev. S. 

. Pink 6, G. Ev. S. 
White 7, G. Ev. S. 



australis . 
brachiata . 
crispa . . 
dichotoma 
frutiedsa . 
nivea . . 
obtusifdlia 
pfirrigens 
pubescens 
verticillata 
virgata . 



.1713 
. 1751 
. 1823 
. 1824 
. 1810 

' 1820 

. 1780 



' Wht. gn. 7, G. Ev. S. 



2 . 1802 

1J . 1821 

2 C. G. H. . 1820 

1 W. Ind. . 1817 



AcHYROcilira:. From achuron, chaff, and Mine, 



ACH 



AGO 



a bed—; flowers. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 

Asteracece. Synonyme: 1, Qnaphalium aldtum 

— alatum 1. 
Achyr6nia, Willd. From achuron, chaff, in 

allusion to the chaffy hairs on the branches 

and leaves. Limn. 17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Fabdcece 

Papilionaceos. The species is of easy culture. 

vill6sa . . . Yellow 7, G. Ev. S. 8 N. Holl. . 1819 
Achyropappus, De Oand. Achuron, chaff, and 

pappus, down. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 

Asteracece. A plant of little beauty, growing 

in common light soil. 

scbkuhrioldes . Yellow 7, Har. An. 1 Mexico . 1830 
AcHYROPHORUS, D. Don. Achuron, chaff, and 

phoreo, to bear ; the receptacle being chaffy. 

Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asteracece. Mere 

weeds, of the easiest culture and propagation. 

Synonymes : 1, Hypochcbris helvetica ; 2, H. 

maculata; 3, H. radicata — helvetica 1, niacu- 

lata 2, radicata 3. 
Acianthera, Scheid. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 

Orchidacece. "A small Epiphyte resembling 

a Pleurothdllis." — Bot. Beg, 

punctata . . Greenish 4, 8. Epi. J Brazil . . 1843 
AciantHUS, Robert Brown. From aMs, a point, 

and anthos, a Jower ; in reference to the bristly 

tips of the flower. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 

Orchidacece. Brown, small-flowered, tuberous- 
rooted plants : multiplied by divisions, and 

grown in loam and peat. 

caudatus . . Brown 5, G. Tu. P. 1 N. Holl. . 1824 

exsertus . . Brown 5, G. Tu. P. 1 KT. HoU. . 1822 

fornicatus . Brown 5, G. Tu. P. 1 N. Holl. . 1822 

Acioarpha, Jussieu. From ahis, a point, and 
karphe, palea ; on account of the palea being 
spiny. Linn. 19, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Calyceracece. 
A curious dwarf species, succeeding in peat 
and loam; propagated from divisions. Syno- 
nyme .- 1, Cryptocarpha spatulata. 
spatulata 1 . "White 7, S. Her. P. $ Brazil . . 1824 

AcfctJLAR, needle-shaped. 

Acid6ton, Swarts. From aMdotos, pointed ; in 
allusion to the stinging hairs on the leaves. 
Linn. 21, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Buphorbiacece. A 
species of no beauty, easily grown and propa- 
gated :— - urens. 

AciNAClFORM, scimitar-like shaped. 

Acineta, Lindley. From akineta, immoveable — 
lip jointless. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Or- 
chidacece. This genus is nearly allied to 
Peristeria. Synonymes: 1, Periste'ria Barkeri ; 
2, P. Hwmbbldtii, Bot. Reg., Angulda suptrba, 
Lindl. ; 3, Neipp6rgia chrysdnfha. 
Barkeri 1 . . Yellow 6, S. Epi. 2 Mexico . 1843 
chrysantha 3 . Y. w. or. 5, 8. Epi. 2 Mexico . 1849 
densa . . S. Epi. 

Humb&ldtii 2 . Pur. brn. 8, 8. Epi. 1 S. Amer. . 1843 
fulva . . . Copper 3, S. Epi. 2 Venezuela 1842 
Warczewitzii . Yel. red 7, 8. Epi. 2 8. Amer. . 1849 

Acinodendron. See Micdnia Acinodindron. 

AcfNULA, Fries. From Acinus, stone-like seeds. 
Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Mucoracece. This 
is one of the plants known to farmers as 
blight, ergot, or spur, and is in some seasons 
most destructive amongst corn, especially 
crops of rye. Clavus. 

Aci&tis, D. Don. From akis, a point, and 



ous, an ear ; in allusion to the petals. Linn. 
10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Melastomdcece. Pretty 
species, particularly aqudtica; may be pro- 
pagated and grown the same as the genus 
Meldstoma. Synonymes: 1, RMxia aqudtica. 
Meldstoma aqudtica.' 2, Meldstoma discolor. 
aquatica 1 . . W. red 6, 8. Ev. 8. 1 8. Amer. . 1793 
discolor 2 . . W. red 6, 8. Ev. 8. 1 Trinidad . 1816 

Acis, Salisbury. Taken from Acts, a shepherd, 
the son of Faunus. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Amarylliddcecs. This is a genus of pretty, 
dwarf, bulbous-rooted plants, delighting in 
sandy soil, and multiplied by offsets. Syno- 
nymes : 1, LtucbjumautvmmaU; 2, L. rbseum ; 
3, L. tricophyttum. 

autumnalis I . Pink 9, H. De. Bu. j Portugal . 1629 
grandiflbrus . . Wht. 8, H. De. Bu. i Numidia . 1820 
r6seus 2 . . . Bed 8, H. De. Bu. i Corsica . 1820 
trichoph^lhis 3 . Wht. 1, H. De. Bu. £ Spain . . 1820 

AciSANTHERA, Jussieu. Taken from akis, a 
point, and anthera, an anther, on account of 
the anthers being pointed. Linn. 10, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Melastomdcece. A curious evergreen 
shrub ; for propagation and culture see Meld- 
stoma. Synonyme : 1, RMxia aeisanthira, 
quadrata 1 . . Pur. 2, S. Ev. 8. 3 Jamaica . 1804 

Acmadenia, Bartl. Taken from akme, a point, 
and aden, a gland ; in allusion to glands on 
the anthers. Limn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Rutdeece. A handsome little species ; for cul- 
ture and propagation see Diosnia. Synonyme: 
1, A dendndra tetragdna. 
tetragbna 1 . Wht. 6, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1798 

Acmella, Rich. Taken from akme, a point ; 
in allusion to the pricking taste of the foliage. 
Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asteracece. Unin- 
teresting dwarf trailing species ; merely re- 
quiringto be sown in the open ground. Syno- 
nymes: 1, Spildnthes Acmtlla. 2, S. repens. 
See Helibpsis and Zaluzhnea. 
occidentalis . Yel. 7, H. Tr. A. \\ 8. Amer. . 1825 
repens 2 . . . Yel. 7, H. Tr. A. \\ Carolina . 1818 
mauritiana 1 . Yel. 7, 8. Tr. A. lj Mauritius. 1768 

Acmena, Decandolle. Derived from Acmena, a 
nymph of Venus. Linn. 12, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Myrtdcece. An ornamental species ; for cul- 
ture, &c. , see Tristdnia. Synonyme : 1, Me- 
irosid&ros fioribunda. 
floribunda 1 . Wht. 7, G. Ev. 8. 6 N. Holl. . 1788 

AcNiDA, Linn. Taken from a, privative, and 
knide, nettle ; the plant being like a nettle, 
but without stings. Linn. 22, Or. 6, Nat. 
Or. Qhenopodidcece. An uninteresting annual, 
only requiring to be sown in the open ground 
and kept clean : — canndbina. 

Acocanthera, Don. From acoce, a mucro, 
and anthera, an anther ; anthers mucronate. 
A genus consisting of only a few species, which 
are included under Oestrum. See Oestrum. 

AcofDiUM. See Trichocintrum. 

Aconite. See Aconitwn. 

AcoNiTUM, Tournefort. The name is given on 
account of some species being found plentiful 
about Acone, a .town in Bithynia. Linn. 13, 
Or. 3, Nat. Or. Ranunculacece. Ornamental, 
tall, free-flowering, very hardy plants, succeed- 
ing well under the shade of trees ; increased 



ACO 



ACO 



by division or by seeds. All the species are 
to be dreaded, being highly poisonous. A. 
Kaptllus, and c&mmarwm, are drastic, and 
acrid in a high degree. The aconite nas, how- 
ever, become of great service in many 
very troublesome disorders. In Sweden fa- 
vourable operations have been effected by 
an extract of the juice of the leaves of A. 
NapUlus in cases of rheumatism and inter- 
mittent fevers, applied in doses of from a 
grain to a scruple twice a day or oftener. A 
much larger dose has also been safely adminis- 
tered. Synonymes: 1, A inclin&tvm. 2, A. 
altissimwm. 3, A. pyrendicum. 4, A. strictum. 
5, A. pdllidum. 6, A. C&mmarwm,. 7, A. Na- 
pillus pubiscens. 8, A. l&xum. 9, A. ros- 
tr&tum. 



acuminatum . 
acutum . . . 
albidum . . . 
album .... 
amfenum . . . 
ampliflbrum 
angustifblium . 
Anthbra . . . 
Anthoroldeum 1 
australe . . . 
autumnale . . 
barbatum . . 
Bernhardianum 
biflbrum . . . 
Braunii . . . 
cauybbtryon . 
Cammarum 9 . 
carpaticum . . 
cernuum . . . 

flexicaule . . 

pauciflbrum . 

rambaum . . 
chinense . . . 
ClUsii . . . . 
commutation . 
Cynbctonum 2 . 
Decand611ei . . 
decorum . . . 
delphinifblium. 
elatum . . 

eminens . , . 
erioatemon . . 
eulbphum . . 
eustachyon . . 
exaltatum . . 
fiaccidum . . 
Florkeanum 

bicolor . . . 
formbsum . . 
Fankii . . . 
Galectbnum 
gibbbaum . . 
Gmellni . . . 
gracile. . . . 
grandiflbrum . 
Halleri . . . 

blcolor . . . 
hamatum . . 
hebegynum . . 

multindum . 
hlans . . . . 
hispidum . . 
Hdppii . . . 
i II i ii it urn . . . 
intermedium . 
inunctuni . . 
Jacquinii . . 
japdnicum . . 

oceruleum . . 
Koelleanum . . 

pygm&um . . 
Kdaleri . . . 
lacinibBum . . 
Return. • . . 



Blue 

Blue 

Wht. 

Wht. 

Blue 6 

Blue 

Blue 

Pa. y. 

Pa. y. 

Pur. 

Li.w.11 

Pa.y. 

Blue 

P.blu 

Blue 

Blue 

Pur. 

Pur. 

Blue 

Blue 

Blue 

Blue 

Blue 

Blue 

Blue 

Pa.y. 

Pa. y. 

Blue 

Blue 

Blue 

Blue 

Blue 

Pa. y. 6 

Blue " 

Blue 

Blue 

Blue 

Bl.w. 

Blue 

Blue 

Blue 

Blue 

Blue 

Blue 

Pa. y. 

Blue 

Blue 

P.blu. 

Pur. 

Pur. 

Blue 

Pa. y. 

Blue 

Blue 

Blue 

Blue 

Pa.y. 

Flesh 

Blue 

Blue 

Blue 

Blue 

Blue 

Blue 



De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
Her. P. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
Her. P. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
Her. P. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
Her. P. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
Her. P. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
Her. P. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
Her. P. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 



3 Switz. . 1819 
2 S. Eur. . 1821 

2 Europe. 1824 

4 Levant . 1752 

3 S. Bur. . 

2£ Auatria. 1823 
2£ Europe . 1824 
lj Pyres. . 1596 

2 Jura . 1821 

3 Denm. . 1821 
3 N. Chin. 1846 
2 Siberia . 1807 
2£ Europe . 1824 

4 Siberia . 1817 
2J Switzld. 1821 

2 S. Eur. . 

3 Austria. 1752 
3 Carp.mo.1810 
8 Switzld. 1800 
3 Switzld. 1819 
8 Switzld. 1821 
3 Switzld. 

2 China . 1833 
2 Switzld. 1819 
2 S. Eur. . 1823 
8 Prance . 1820 

2 Siberia . 1823 

3 Pyren. . 1824 

1 N.Amer. 1804 
3 Em-ope . 1822 

3 Europe. 1800 

4 Europe. 1821 
3 Caucasusl821 
2J Europe . 1824 
6 Siberia . 1819 
6 Siberia. 1822 
2J Siberia . 1822 
2J Switzld. 1801 
3 S. Eur. . 1824 
2J Switzld. 1825 
3 Hungar. 1822 
3 Caucasusl818 

2 Siberia . 1821 
2 Switzld. 1821 

2 Jura . 1821 

3 8. Eur. . 1821 
3 Switzld. 1820 
3 Italy . 1810 
2 Switzld. 1819 

2 Switzld. 1819 

3 S. Eur. . 1823 
2 Siberia . 1823 

2 Carinth. 1823 

5 . 1821 

4 . 1820 

3 Europe . 1822 
2 Austria 1800 

6 Japan . 1790 

5 Japan . 1700 

4 S. Eur. . 1820 

2 S. Eur. 

3 Europe 
2J Switzld. 1820 
8 S. Eur. . 1820 



1828 
1824 



Lamarck ii 3 . . 

laxiflbrum . . 
laxum .... 

leucanthum . . 

lupicldum . . 

lycdctonum . . 
macrophyllum . 

maximum . . 

meldctonum . 

Meyeri . . . 
moldavicum 
mblle . . 

Napellus . . . 

aibus . . . . 

rubellus . . . 

nasutum . . . 

nemorbsum . . 
neomontanum . 

neubergdnse 4 . 

nitidum . . . 

NuttaUii5 . . 
ochranthum 

ochroleucum . 
oligocarpum 

Ottonianum . . 

ovatum . . . 

Pallaaii . . . 

paniculatum . 
plicatum . 

productum . . 



pyrenaicum. 
rec6gnitum . 
rectum . . . 
rfgidum . . . 

grandiflbrum . 
rostratum . . 

pilosiuscu- \ 
lum 6 . . J 
rubicundum 
rhynchanthum 

blcolor . . -. 
Schleicher! 7 . 
semigaleatum . 
septentrion&le . 
sinense . . . 
specibsum 
Sprengelii . . 
squarrbsum . . 
Stoerckianum . 
strictum . 
tauricum 8 . . 
tb.erioph.bnum . 
tortubsum 
tdxicum . . . 
'tragdctonum . 
umbrbsum 
uncinatum . . 

Michauxia- ) 

num . . j 

variegatum . . 

albiflbrum . . 

blcolor . . . 

coeruleum . . 
venustum . . 
versicolor . . 
virgatum . . . 
volubile . . . 
Vulparia . . . 
"Willdenbvii . . 
zouctururm . . 



Pa. y. 7, 
Pa. y. 7, 
Blue 6. 
Wht. 6'. 
Pa. y. 1\ 
Pur. 7 
Pa. y. 7, 
Blue 7, 
Blue 6, 
Blue 6. 
Prsh. 8, 
Blue 7, 
Blue 6. 
Wht. 
Blue 6. 
Pur. 7 
Pa.y. 
Blue 
Blue 6, 
Blue 6. 
P.blu. 
Tel. 
Lt. y. 7, 
Blue 7, 
Blue 6. 
P. gn. 6. 
Pa. y. '. 
P.blu. 7, 
Blue 6, 
Blue 
Blue 6. 
Tel. 
Blue 6. 
Pa. y. 7, 
Blue 6. 
Blue 6. 
Blue 
Pur. 7, 



Pur. 7 
P. bl. 7 
W.bl. 7. 
Blue 6. 
Blue 6. 
Blue t 
Violet 9. 
Blue 7, 
Blue 6, 
Blue 6, 
Blue 8. 
Blue 6. 
Blue 6, 
Pa. y. 6, 
P. bl. 6. 
Blue C. 
Pa. y. 7, 
Blue 7, 
Blue 1, 
Blue 7, 

Pr. w. 7, 
Wht. 7. 
W. bl. 7; 
Blue 
Blue 6 
Blu.y.8, 
Blue 6. 
Blue 
Pa. y. 7: 
Blue " 
Blue 6. 



Her. P. 2 
Her. P. 3 
De. Tu. 6 
De. Tu. 3 
Her. P. 3 
Her. P. 3 
Her. P. 2 
De. Tu. 6 
De. Tu. 4 
De. Tu. 8 
Her. P. 3 
De. Tu. 4 
De. Tu. 4 
De. Tu. 4 
De. Tu. 4 
De. Tu. 3 
Her. P. 3 
De. Tu. 3 
De. Tu. 3 
De. Tu. 2 
Her. P. 5 
Her. P. 4 
Her. P. 3 
De. Tu. 3 
De. Tu. 2 
Her. P. 24 
Her. P. 2 
De. Tu. 3 
De. Tu. 2 
De. Tu. 1 
De. Tu. 3 
Her. P. 4 
De. Tu. 5 
Her. P. 3 
De. Tu. 3 
De. Tu. 3 
De. Tu. 2 



Pyren. . 1817 
Switzld. 1823 
S. Eur.. 1820 
. 1823 
Europe. 1821 
Alp.Eur.1596 

Kamtsc. 1823 
. 1821 
Switzld. 1825 
Moldav. 1830 
. 1820 
Europe. 1596 
Switzld. 1819 
Switzld. 1819 
Siberia . 1818 
Caucasusl823 
Europe. 1799 
S. Eur. . 1822 
Switzld. 1825 
N.Amer. 1829 
Bussia. . 1834 
Caucasusl794 
Europe . 1823 
Europe . 1824 
Cashmr. 1839 
Siberia. 1821 
Prance . 1815 
Switzld. 1825 
Siberia . 1821 
Europe. 1824 
Pyren. . 1739 
1820 
Europe . 1824 
Switzld. 1825 
Siberia . 1828 
Switzld. 1810 



H. De. Tu. 2 Carp. mo. 1800 



Her. P. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
Her. P. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
Her. P. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 
Her. P. 
De. Tu. 
De. Tu. 



2J Siberia. 1819 

4 Switzld. 1821 

3 Switzld. 1819 

3 Switzld. 1821 

1 Siberia . 1818 

4 If . Eur. 1800 

2 Japan . 1849 

3 . . 1823 

3 Europe. 1824 
2 Siberia . 1822 

4 Austria. 1824 

5 Siberia . 1824 
4 Tauria . 1752 
4 Europe . 1824 

6 N.Amer. 1812 
2 Switzld. 1825 

2 Switzld. 1822 

3 Switzld. 1825 

4 N.Amer. 1768 



De. Tu. 3 

De. Tu. 5 
De. Tu. 5 
De. Tu. 5 
De. Tu. 5 
De. Tu. 2 
Her. P. 3 
De. Tu. 4 
De. Tu. 6 
Her. P. 3 
De. Tu. 3 
De. Tu. 3 



N.Amer. 1800 

S. Eur. . 1597 
Switzld. 1819 
Switzld. 1821 
Switzld. 1819 
Switzld. 1823 
Siberia . 1820 
S. Eur. . 1822 
Siberia. 1799 
Alp. Eu. 1821 
Europe. 1823 
Switzld. 1825 



AcdNTIAS, Sm. Derivation of name unknown. 
For culture see Arum and Caladium. Syno- 
nymes .- 1, Arum sagittceftliwn ; 2, OalMium 
varieg&tum. 

hastifblius 1 . Gn. y. 5, S. Tu. P. 1 S. Amer. . 
variegatiis 2 . Gn. y. 5, S. Tu. P. 1J S. Amer. . 1838 

Acorus, Linn. Derived from a, privative, and 
kore, pupil of the eye, in reference to its 
medical properties. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Oronti&cece. Marshy plants, of the easiest cul- 
ture. A. Cdlamus is extremely useful, and 



ACO 



ACE 



Linnffius says, the roots powdered might sup- 
ply the place of foreign spices ; it is very 
aromatic and stimulant. 

Calamus . . Apetal. 6, H. Aq. P. 2 Britain,mrshs. 
grammeus . Apetal. 2, H. Her. P. J China . 1796 
terrestris . . Apetal. 6, H. Her. P. 1 China . 1822 

AcoTYLEDdNES. Plants destitute of cotyledons 
or seed leaves. , 

Acradenia, Kipp. Derived from akros, the 
summit, an&aden, a gland, top of ovary. Linn. 
10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Butaceoe. Little green- 
house plants, easily cultivated in sandy loam 
and peat,- and increased by half-ripened cut- 
tings. Synonyme : 1, Ziiria FrankUnia. 
Franklinia 1 . Wht. 4, G. Ev. S. 4 V. D. L. . 1S50 

Acre, sharp, pungent. 

AcremONIUM, Link. Derived from akremon, a. 
branch, in reference to the clustered thecse. 
Zinn. 84, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Botrytacece. Very 
curious plants, found growing generally upon 
dead sticks— f&scum, mrticillatwm, altcrnatwm. 

Acri6psis, Blume. From akros, summit, and 
opsis, eye. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchid- 
acece. ' ' Pretty little Epiphytes, with the habits 
of Sarcdnthus pdllidus." — Bot. Beg. 
densiflora . Green rose 5, S. Epi. $ Borneo . 1845 
javanica . . Yellow gn." 5, S. Epi. | Java . . 1840 
plcta , . W. gn. pur. .5, S. Epi. £ Bantam . 1843 

Acrocephalus, Bentham. The name is derived 
from akros, summit, kephale, head ; on account 
of the flowers being on the top of the branches. 
Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lamiacece. A plant 
of little beauty; increased from slips, andgrown 
in sandy loam. Synonyme: 1, Znmvnitzera cap- 
itata. 
capitatus 1 . White 7, H. A. 1 China . . 1806 

AcROCLfNiuM, Hook. Derivation of name un- 
known. Zinn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asteraeex. 
A genus of beautiful everlasting flowers, natives 
of South- West Australia, and requiring the* 
same treatment as other half-hardy annuals, 
atrordseum . . Dark rose 6, F. An. Hybrid . 
rdseum . . ; . Rose 6, P. An. Australia 1855 

Acroc6mia, Martins. The leaves are in tufts, 
hence the derivation of the name, akros, top, 
and home, tuft. Zinn. 21, Or. 6, Nat. Or. 
Palmacece. This genus comprehends a portion 
of those majestic species of palms which, by 
their towering stems and gigantic foliage, soar 
to the height of thirty or. forty feet, and give 
a feature of exquisite grandeur to the character 
of the countries they inhabit. They prefer a 
light sandy loam ; and to grow them well, an 
atmosphere very moist and warm is indispens- 
able. They are increased from suckers. A. 
aculeata is reported to have a trunk the size of 
a man's body, and the leaves prickly and longer 
than those of the Cocos. It produces a fruit 
the shape and size of a crab, with a thin, 
sweetish, astringent pulp, within which is a 
nut inclosing a white sweet eatable kernel. 
Synonymes: 1, Cbcos aculeata; 2, C. fusifbrmis ; 
3, Bdctris globdsa-mlnor ; i, Bdctris gldbitsa, 
Cbcos fusifbrmis. 

aculeata 1 . Yellow S. Palm. 40 W. Ind. . 1796 

fusifdrmis 2 . . Yellow S. Palm. 40 Trinidad . 1731 
gloh&sa' . . . Yellow S. Palm. 40 St. Vino. . 1824 



guianensis 
hdrrida 
minor 3 . 



f Yellow 8. Palm. 40 Demerara 1824 
. Yellow S. Palm. 40 Trinidad . 1825 
. Yellow 8. Palm. 20 Trinidad . 1820 
. Yellow 8. Palm. 40 W. Ind. . 1731 
. Yellow 8. Palm. 40 Brazil . . 1824 



Flowerless plants, as ferns and 



tenuifdlia 

Acrogens. 
mosses. 

AcROGLbCHlN, Schrader. Taken from akros, 
summit, and glochin, spear point. Zinn. 21, 
Or. 5, Nat. Or. Amarantacece. An insignificant 
species, grown in any common soil, and in- 
creased from suckers. Synonyme: 1, Amardn- 
thus Acroglbchin — chenopodioldes 1. 

AcRONtfCHIA, Forster. From akron, tuft or sum- 
mit, and onux, a claw, on account of the 
original species having an incurved point at 
the top of the petals. Zinn. 8, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Aurantidxece. A tall handsome shrub, bearing 
clusters of white flowers of an exquisite odour, 
resembling orange blossoms, combined with the 
aromatic warmth of ginger. Ordinary green- 
house treatment suits it ; and it may be propa- 
gated by cuttings, in sand, under a bell-glass. 
Cunninghami Wht. 7, G. Ev. 8. 7 Moreton Bay 1838 

Acropera, Zindley. From acros, the extremity, 
and pera, a small sack, because of the saccate 
appendage at the apex of the labellum. Zinn. 
20; Or. 1, Nat. Or. OrcMdacece. Very sin- 
gular and rather pretty plants, prpducing pale 
yellow, brown and spotted purple flowers in 
pendent racemes. For culture and propaga- 
tion, see Stanhbpea. Synonyme: 1, Maxillaria 



Armeniaca . Orange 7, 8. Epi. 1 Nicaragua . 1849 
cornuta . . Brown 6, S. Epi. 1 Guatemala 1840 
flavida . . Yellow 6, 8. Epi. 1 Mexico . . 1850 
Loddigesii 1 Yel. & spot. S, 8. Epi. 1 Mexico . . 1828 
citilna . . Pale yellow. 8, 8. Epi. | Mexico . . 

Acroph(5rus, Presl. From akros, summit, and 
phoreo, to bear. Zinn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Polypodiacece. A genus of Ferns, nearly related 
to jDavdllia, and requiring similar treatment. 
Synonymes : 1, Davdllia hispida ; 2, D. Kbvte 
Zealdndice. 

afflnis . . . Brown 5, S. Fern 1 Borneo . . 
hispidus 1 . . Brown 5, B. Fern 1 N". Zealand 

AcROPHYLLUM, Benth. From akros, summit, 
and phyllon, a leaf, in allusion to the leaves 
growing at the apex of the branches, above 
the whorls of flowers. Zinn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Cunoniacece. Very handsome greenhouse 
plants, flowering profusely during the spring 
months : of easy culture, and readily increased, 
by cuttings of the half-ripened wood. Syno- 
nyme: 1, Acrophyllwm (Weinmdnnia) venbsum. 
verticillatum 1 Bed. y.3, G. Ev. 8. 3 N. Holl. . 1838 

Acr6pteris, Smith. Derived from alcros, a point, 
and pteris, a fern. See AspUniv/m. 

Acr<5ptilon. From alcros, a point, and ptilon, 
a feather. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asterdcece. 
See Centaiirea and Serrdtula. 

Acrosfermum, Tode. Derived from akros, sum- 
mit, and sperma, seed, in reference to the 
tuniids on the apex of the plant emitting 
sporules. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Uredi- 
naceee. Interesting and minute productions, 
existing as parasites upon decayed vegetables 
— comprtssum, cornutum. 



ACE 



10 



AOY 



Acrosp6ritjm, Nees. This word is taken from 
akros, top, and spora, sporule, implying that 
the latter occupies the summit of the filaments. 
Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Mucoracece. Minute 
species found upon the leaves of grasses and 
rotten oranges — fasciculatum, monilioides. 

Acr<5stichum, Linn. Supposed to refer to the 
beginning of a verse, on account of the back 
surfaces of the leaves being so lined as to re- 
semble in some degree the commencement of 
lines in poetry. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Hat. Or. 
Polypodihceoe. Very interesting species of 
tropical ferns, delighting mostly in a mixture 
of loam and peat. They may be increased 
either by dividing at the roots, or by seed. A . 
aureum sometimes grows to the height of four, 
five, and even six feet. A. alcicdme is a 
curious species, common in our plant-houses. 
Synonymes: 1, Neurocdllis prcestantissima; 2, 
Lomaridpsis yapurinse. See Gymnogrdmma, 
Lomaria, NipMbolus, and Nothochlcena. 
alcicdme . Brown 9, S. Parasite % N. 8. W. . 1808 

^liunj"". }Bn.yeU, S. Her. P. 1 Brazil . . 1833 

aureum . . Brown 8, S. Her. P. 4 W. lnd. . 1815 

citrifdlium . Tel. bn. 9, S. Her. P. 1 W. Ind. . 

crinltum . . Brown 7, 8. Her. P. J W. Ind. . 1793 

fimbriatum . Brown S. Her. P. 1 Brazil . . 1824 

flagellfierum Brown S. Her. P. 1 E. Ind. . 1828 

fusiforme . Bn. yet. 7, 8. Her. P. 1 Malacca . 

glanduldsuin Brown 8. Her. P. 1 Jamaica . 1825 

grinds . . Brown G. Her. P. 1 MoretonB. 1828 

3U Uum ifd " }Yel.bn.8, 8. Her. P. 1 Surinam . 1832 

latifolium . Y. blu. 8. Her. P. 1 Jamaica . 

longifdlium . Brown 8, 8. Her. P. 1 Jamaica . 181 

Solium K 10, S. Her. P. 1 W. Ind. . 

piloselloldes Bn. yel. 7, 8. Her. P. 1 E. Ind. . 18 

P TrrTmT }*™™ «. "■ Her. P. l E. Ind. . 

S °Sm . } Br °™ 8 > S - Her - *■ 1 E. Ind. . 

simplex . . Brown 8. Her. P. 1 Jamaica . 1793 

sorbifolium . Brown 6, 8. CI. F. 1J W. Ind. . 1793 

Stemmaria . Brown 7, 8. Parasite Guinea . 1823 
yapurense 2 Brown 6, 8. Her. P. 

Acrotrema, Wight. Derivation unknown. 
Linn. 13, Or. 3, Nat. Or. Dilleniacece. A 
genus of very pretty plants, nearly related to 
Ranunculus, growing freely in a light rich 
soil, and increased by division. 
Walkeri. Yellow 4 8. Her. P. J Ceylon . . 1861 

Acrotriche, Robert Broum. Derived from 
akros, a point, and fhrix, hair, in reference to 
the hairy corolla. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Epacridacece. Very ornamental but dwarf 
species ; for culture and propagation, see 
Achyronia. 

cordata . . . White 6, S. Ev. 8. 1 N. Holl. . 1823 
divaricata . . White 5, 8. Ev. S. 1 N. Holl. . 1824 
ovalifdlia . . . White 5, G. Ev. 8. 1 N. Holl. . 1823 

ActAa, Limn. Aktara, an elm, in allusion to 
the resemblance the leaves bear to those of the 
elm. Linn. 13, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Ranunculacem. 
Dwarf species, of little beauty ; for culture, &c, 
see AconUwm. Synonymes: 1, A. brachypitala 
americana ; 2, A. brachypitala rhbra. See 
Cimictfuga, and Macrotys. 
alba 1 . . . . White 5, H. Her. P. 8 N. Amer. 



rubra 2 . . . White 5, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 
spicata . . . White 6, H. Her. P. 8 Britain, rocka 

ActtNj£lla, Pers. See Eriophjllum. 

Actinocarpus, Robert Brown. The derivation 
of the name is from aktin, a ray, and karpos, 
fruit, in allusion to its radiated appearance. 
Linn. 6, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Alismacece. Interest- 
ing floating aquatics, thriving only in water, 
or in moist situations. A . minor is a native 
of New South "Wales, and grows well in a pot 
of sandy peat immersed in water. Seeds. 
Synonymes: 1, Alisma Damasbnium, Lama- 
sdnium stellatum. 

DamaBdnium 1 Wht. 7, H. Aq. P. 4. England, ditches 
minor . . . Wht. 6, G. Aq. P. .J S. 8. W. . 

Actinochl&a, Willd. The name is derived from 
aktin, a ray, and chloa, grass, resemblance to 
grass. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Graminaceos. 
Weeds of the simplest culture. Synonymes: 
1, Ohondrbsium procHmibens ; 2, 0. tinue. — 
hirsuta, procfimbens 1, prostrata, tenuis 2. 

Aotin6meris, Nuttall. The name is taken 
from aktin, a ray, and meris, part, alluding to 
the radiated appearance peculiar to these 
plants. Linn. 19, Or. 3, Nat. Or. Asteraceoe. 
Ornamental species ; for culture, &c. , see Cal- 
libpsis. Synonymes: 1, Coreopsis al&ta; 2, 0. 
procera; 3, 0. allemifblia, Verbeslna Coreopsis. 
alata 1 . . . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 3 8. Amer. . 1803 
heliantholdes Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 3 8. Amer. . 1825 
procfera 2 . . Yellow 9, H. Her. P. 8 N. Amer. 1766 
squarrosa 3 . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 1640 

Aotinophyllum, Ruiz, and Pavon. From aktin, 
a ray, and phyllon, a leaf; leaflets disposed in 
rays round a centre. Linn. 5, Or. 5, Nat. Or. 
Aralideece. Plants possessing little beauty, 
easily grown in light sandy loam and peat, 
and increased by cuttings, 
digitatum . . Green 4, 8. Ev. S. 10 E. Ind. . 1820 

Actinothyrium, Kunze. Compounded from 
aktin, a ray, and thyrion, a. door, alluding to 
the radiated integument of the sporidia. 
Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Uredvnacece. The 
species appears in the early part • of the year 
upon the culms of grasses, and is orbicular, and 
almost black. — Gr&minis. 

Actin6tus, Lobular. Derived from actinotos, 
radiated, in reference to the rayed appearance 
of the involucrum. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Apiacece. ■ Interesting plants with curious 
leaves ; increased by division, and grown in 
loamy soil. Synonyme : 1, Eriocalia mdjor. 
Helianthi 1. . White 6, G. Her. P. 2 N. Holl. . 1821 
leucocephalus . White 6, G. Her. P. 2 Swan R. . 1837 

Acuminate, cuspidate, having a long tapering 
point. 

Acutangular, having sharp, or acute angles. 

Acute, terminating abruptly in a sharp point. 

Acynos, Persoon. The name is supposed to be 
the Greek name of a balsamic plant. Linn. 
14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lamiacece. Most of the 
species are handsome, particularly A. vulgaris. 
For culture, Sea., see Thymus. Synonymes: 
1, Thymus grandifibrus ; 2, T. Mrba-bardni; 
3, T. acynbides, heterophyllus ; i, T. suaveblens; 
5, T. deynos. 
alpmus . . . Pur. 8, G. B. } Austria . 1731 



ADA 



11 



ADE 



grandifibrus 1 . Pur. 7, H. Tr. B. 1 1810 

graveftlens ., . Pur. 7, H. By. S. 1 Crimea . 1820 

erba-bar5ni 2 . Pur. 7, H. Ev. S. 1 Corsica . 1820 

heterophyllus 3 Pur. 6, H. A. i Italy . . 1822 

patavlnus . . Flesh 7, H. B. | S. Bur. . 1776 

purpurascens . Pur. 6, H. B. £ Spam . . 1820 

rotundifbliua . Pur. 6, H. Ev. S. j Spain . . 1830 

suaveblens 4 . Bed 7, H. A. £ Greece . 1S17 

villosus . . . Bed 7, H. A. I Germany . 1817 

vulgaris 5 . . Violet 7, H. A. | Britain, hea. 

Ada, Lindl. Derivation of name unknown. 
Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidcwece. A 
genus of pretty orchids, with the habit of 
Br&ssia, and requiring similar treatment to 
the species of that genus, 
aurantiaca . . Or. red. 1, S. Bpi. 1 N. Grenada 1863 

Adamia, Wallich. Named in honour of John 
Adam, M. D., of Calcutta. Linn. 14, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Hydrangeacece. Ornamental species, 
cultivated in peat and loam, and propagated 
by cuttings. Synonyme : 1, CycmMis sylvdtica. 

cyanea .... Blue 6, S. Ev. S. 4 E. Ind. . 1829 
hydrangeasformis Blue 6, G. Ev. S. 3 China . 1846 
sylvatica 1 . . .Pa. blue 6, S. Ev. S. 8 India . 1846 
versicolor . . . Blue 8, G. Ev. S. 3 China . 1844 

Adam's apple. See M&sa paradisiaca; Citrus 
Limitti Addmi. 

Adamsia. See PuschMnia. 

Adam's needle. See Yucca. 

Adans6nia, Linn. Dedicated to Michael Adan- 
son, a celebrated French botanist. Linn. 16, 
Or. 8, Nat. Or. Sterculiacece. , The largest tree 
in the world is the Adansouia or Baobab-tree, 
the trunk of which has been found with a 
diameter of thirty-feet ; but its height is not 
in proportion. "It is emollient and mucil- 
aginous in all its parts. The leaves dried and 
reduced to powder constitute Lalo, a favourite 
article with the Africans, which they mix daily 
with their food, for the purpose of diminishing 
the excessive perspiration to which they are 
subject in those climates, and even Europeans 
find it serviceable in cases of diarrhoea, fevers, 
and other maladies. The fruit is, perhaps, the 
most useful part of the tree. Its pulp is 
slightly acid and agreeable, and frequently 
eaten ; while the juice is expressed from it, 
mixed with sugar, and constitutes a drink, 
which is valued as a specific in putrid and 
pestilential fevers."— Eooleer, Bot. Mag. 2792. 
It delights in rich loamy soil, and cuttings of 
the large ripened wood strike best in a pot of 
sand, in 'a moist heat, under a glass, 
digitate . . . White 11, S. Ev. T. 40 Guinea . 1724 

Adder's-tongue. ' See OphiogUssum. 

Adelia, Linn. The common generic name is 
taken from the minute parts of fructification, 
and is derived from a, privative, and delos, 
visible. Linn. 22, Or. 13, Nat. Or. Ewphor- 
biaceoz. Ornamental shrubs, cultivated in 
peat and loam, and increased from cuttings. 
Acidoton . . . Gn. wh. 6, S. Ev. S. 3 Jamaica . 1768 
Bernardia . . Green 7, S. Ev. S. 6 Jamaica . 1768 
Bicinella . . . Gn. wh. 7, S. Ev. S. 3 Jamaica . 1768 

Adenandra, Willd. The derivation is from 
aden, a gland, and aner, a male, or stamen, 
in allusion to the appearance of the stamens. 
Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Rutatxm. Beautiful 
little shrubs, succeeding well in sandy peat, 



mixed" with a little turfy loam, and propagated 
easily by cuttings from the young branches 
planted in a pot of sand, under a glass, but not 
plunged. Synonymes: l,Di6sma linearis; 2, D. 
marginata ; 3, D. villbsa. See Acmadenia. 
acuminata . . Wht. 6, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1812 
alba .... Wht. 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1800 
amdana . . . Bed 6, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1798 
eoriacea . . . Pink 6, G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H. . 1720 
fragrane . . . Pink 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. . 1812 
linearis 1. . . Wht. 8, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1800 
marginata 2 . . Pink 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1806 
speoidsa . . . Pink 6, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1789 
multiftora . . Pink 6, G. Ev. 8. 14 C. G. H. . 1T90 
paucifWra . . Pink 6, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. . 1790 
umbellate . . Pink 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1790 
unifldra . . . Pink 6, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. . 1775 
villdsa 3 . . . Pink 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1786 

Adenanthera, Linn. The name is derived 
from aden, a gland, and anthera, an anther, 
in allusion to a gland on each anther. Linn. 
10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Fabacece, Mimdsece. Hand- 
some trees, thriving well in a mixture of loam 
and peat, and cuttings, with the leaves not 
shortened, root readily in a pot of sand, plunged 
in heat under a glass. A. Pavbnia is one of 
the largest trees in the E. Indies, and its 
timber is esteemed on account of its solidity ; 
the leaves are used by the natives in their 
ceremonies, and the common people eat the 
seeds. See Prosdpis. 

falcata . . . Yellow 6, 8. Ev. S. 5 E. Ind. . 1812 
Pavonlna . . TeL wh. 7, S. Ev. 8. 5 E. Ind. . 1759 

AdenAnthos, Labilla. The name is from aden; 
a gland, and anthos, a flower, in reference to 
the gland on the flower. Linn, i, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Prote&cece. Handsome species, requiring, 
like all Prote&cece, great attention in cultiva- 
tion. They grow in sandy peat, and increase 
from cuttings in sand under a glass, 
barbigera. . . Bed 7, G. Ev. 8. 5 Swan B. . 1845 
cuneata . . . Bed 7, G. Ev. 8. 5 N. Holl. . 1824 
obovate . . . Bed 7, G. Ev. S. 5 N. Holl. . 1826 
Bed 7. G. Ev. 8. 6 N. HoU. . 1824 



AdenArium. From aden, a gland. Linn. 10, 
Or. 3, Nat. Or. Caryophyllacece. See Arenaria. 

Abenium, R. and S. Aden, its native place. 
Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat Or. Apocynaceat. Ever- 
green shrubs, growing easily in sandy peat 
and loam, and increased readily by half-ri- 
pened cuttings. Synonymes: 1, Niriwm obi- 
sum, Pachyp6dium obesum, Oameraria obesa, 
Adenium obesum. 
Hdnghel 1 . . Bose gr. 6, G. Ev. S. 2 Aden . . 1845 

ADENOCALf MNA, Martius. From aden, a gland, 
and ealymna, a covering ; because the leaves, 
bracts, and calyces are beset with conspicuous 
pateriform glands. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Bignoniaeece. Cultivation similar to the stove 
species of Bignonia. Synonyme : 1, Bigndnia 
comdsa. 

comdsum 1 . . Tel. 10, 8. Ev. Twi. 10 Brazil . 1841 
nitidum . . . Yel. 10, S. Ev. Twi. 10 Brazil . 1849 

Adenocarpus, Deccmdolle. From aden, a gland, 
and- karpos, fruit, in allusion to the fruit 
being beset with glands. Linn. 16, Or. 6, 
Nat. Or. Fabacece. "When in flower these are 
splendid plants, and may be managed like the 
hardy species of Cytisus. A. folialbsus and 
franlcenoides must be sheltered in frosty wea- 



ADE 12 



ther. Synonymes : 1, Ctftisus foliolbsus ; 2, 
Genista viscbsa; 3, Cf/tisus hispdnicus; 4, 0. 
complicatus ; 5, Spdrtium complicatum, G. com- 
plicatus; 6, S. complicatum, G. telonensis. 
foliol6sus 1 . . Tel. 5, G. Ev. S. 2 Canaries . 1629 
frankenioldes 2 . Yel. ti, G. Ev. S. 2 Canaries . 1815 
hispanicus 3 . . Tel. 6, H. De. S. 2 Spain . . 1816 
intermedius 4 . Tel. 6, H. Be. S. 2 Sicily . . 1820 
parvifdlius 5 . . Tel. 6, H. De. S. 3 S. France . 1800 
telonensis 6 ., . Tel. 6, H. De. S. 3 S. France . 1S00 

Aden<5phora, Fischer. The derivation is from 
aden, a gland, and phono, to bear. Linn. 5, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Gampanulacece. These are 
pretty border flowers, will grow in common 
soil, and increase from seeds, but will not 
allow of being divided at the roots. Syno- 
nymes: 1, Campanula communis; 2, O. coro- 
nopifblia; 3, 0. tricuspidata ; 4, 0. Fischeri ; 
5, 0. intermedia; 6, 0. Lamarkiana; 7, 0. 
eoronata ; 8, 0. peresMcefblia ; 9, C. periploci- 
fblia; 10, C. Rabelaisidna; 11, O. stylbsa; 12, 
0. verticillata. 

.communis 1 . Pa. blue 7, H. Her. P. 14 Siberia .1810 
hybrida . . Pa. blue 6, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia. 1816 
suavedlens . Pa. blue 6, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia. 1816 
coronopifdlia 2 Blue 6, H. Her. P. 14 Dahuria 1822 
denticulata 3 . Pa. blue 7, H. Her. P. 14 Siberia . 1817 
Fischeri 4 . .Pa. blue 8, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1819 
Gmellni . . . Pa. blue 6, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia. 1820 
intermedia 5 . Pa. blue 8, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1819 
Lamarkiana 6 . Pa. blue 7, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1824 
marsupiifldra 7 Pa. blue 7, H. Her. P. 1 Dahuria 1818 
pereskiasfdlia 8 Pa. blue 6, H. Her. P. 14 Siberia . 1821 
■ periplocifblia 9 Pa. blue 8, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1824 
Rabelaisiana 10 Blue 8, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia .1823 
reticulata . . Pa. blue 7, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia. 1820 
styldsa 11 . . Pa. blue 5, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1820 
verticillata 12 . Lt. blue 6, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1783 

Adenostemma. From aden, a gland, and 
stemma, a crown. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Hat. Or. 
Asteracece. Annual weeds growing in common 
soil — rugosum. See Lavhvia. 

Aden6stoma, Hooker. Derived from aden, a 
gland, and stoma, a month. Linn. 12, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Sanguisorbacem. Shrubs of the easiest 
culture, growing freely in any light soil, and 
increased by cuttings of half-ripened wood, 
fasciculatum . WM. 6, H. De. S. 2 California . 1848 

Adenostyles. From aden, a gland, and stylos, 
a style. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asteracece. 
Synonyme: 1, leucophflla. A. albida, A. candi- 
dissima 1, A. petasitis, A. glabra, A. viridis, 
A. hybrida. See Cacalia. 

ADENOTRfOHlA, Lindley. Taken from aden, a 
gland, and thrix, hair ; the plant being re- 
markable for an intermixture of hairs and 
glands. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asteracece. A 
species of little beauty and of easy cultivation, 
amplexicaulis . Tel. 5, G. Her. P. 2 Chile . . 1826 

Adesmia, Decandolle. Derived from a, with- 
out, and desmos, a bond ; in reference to the 
stamens being free. Linn. 1 6, Or. 6, Nat. Or. 
Fabaceoz, Papilionaceoe. Interesting trailing 
plants. The annual species, sown in pots on 
a hotbed in spring, and hardened by degrees, 
will succeed well. The perennial species 
grow in loam and sandy peat ; and cuttings 
strike in sand under a glass : the stove species 
increase best from seeds. Synonymes : 1, Hedij- 
sarum muricatwm; 2, uffischyntmene pappbsa. 
glutin6sa . . Yel. 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 Chile . . 1831 



ADL 



Loudbnia 
microphjlla 
muricata 1 . 
pappbsa 2 
p£ndula . 
uspallat&isis 



. .Yel. 


5, G. 


Ev. 


S. 


2 Valparaiso 


1832 


a . Tel. 


fi, F. 


Kv. 


H. 


2 Valparaiso 


1830 


. . Yel. 


6, G. 


De. 


Tr. 


2 Patagonia 


1793 


. . Yel. 


6 «. 


Dr. 


Tr. 


1 Chile . 


1823 


. . Yel. 


6, F. 


De. 


Tr. 


1 B. Ayres 


1825 


is . Tel. 


7 G. 


Kv. 


K. 


1 Chile . 


1882 


. . Yel. 


8,H 




S. 


12 Chile . . 


1831 



Adglutinated, glued to anything; generally 

applied to filaments and anthers. 
Adhatoda. A Malabar name. Linn. 2, Or. 

1, Nat. Or. Acanthacece. See Justicia. 
cydoniasfdlia . Wh. pur. 10, S. Ev. S. 2 Brazil . 1856 

Adianttjm, Linn. Derived from adiantos, dry. 
Pliny says, it is in vain to plunge the 
adidntum in water, for it always' remains dry. 
Linn. 2i, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Polypodiacece. Ele- 
gant species of ferns, with beautiful leaves. 
They succeed well in a mixture of loam and 
peat, but they appear to thrive best if planted 
in loose rock-work where is a good drainage, 
and may be increased by divisions or by seeds. 
A. pedatum and Oapillus- Vineris are pectoral 
and lenitive. Synonymes: 1, A. trigtniwm 

2, A. 
. Brn. 
. Brn. 
. Brn. 

I Brn. 
. Brn. 



sethiopicum 
assimile 1 . 
Braziliense . 
Capillus- 

veneris . 
chilense . . 
cordatum 
concinnum . 
cultratum 2 
cuneatum 
.. deltoldeum 
denticulatum 
FeM 3 . . 
nabellifdlium . Brn. 
flavescens . . Tel. 
foli6sum 
form&sum . 
Foveanum . 
hispidulum 
lucidum . . 
lunatum 
macrophyllum Brn 
Moritzianum . Brn. 
obliquum . . Brn. 
patens . . Brn. 
pedatum . . Brn. 
pentadaetylon Brn. 
pubescens . . Brn. 
pulverulentum Brn. 
radiatum . . Brn. 
renif&rme . . Brn. 
rhombpldeum . Brn. 
scabruin. . . Brn. 
serrulatum . Brn. 
setuldsum . . Brn. 
striatum 
sulphureum 
tenerum 
ternatum . 
tinctum . . 
trapeziforme 
triangulatum 



Br. y. 

Brn. 

Brn. 

Brn. 

Brn. 

Brn. 

Brn. 



. Brn. 
, Brn. 
. Brn. 
.Brn. 
. Brn. 
. Brn. 



on; 3, A. flexubswm. 

9, S. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1838 
7, G. Her. P. 1 N. Holl. . 1823 
7, S. Her. P. 1 Brazil . . 1844 

7, G. Her. P. f Britain, rocks 

G. Her. P. 



varium 
villdsum 



. Brn. 
. Tel. 
. Brn. 
. Brn. 
. Brn. 

Brn. 

Brn. 



. Brn. 
. Bra. 



Her. P. 1 

Her. P. 1 
S. Her. P. 
G. Her. P. 1 
G. Her. P. 1 
S. Her. P. 1 
S. Her. P. 1 
S. Her. P. 1 
S. Her. P. 1 
G. Her. P. 1 
G. Her. P. 1 
S. Her. P. 1 
G. Her. P. 1 
S: Her. P. 1 
S. Her. P. 1 
S. Her. P. 1 
S. Her. P. 
S. Her. P. 
S. Her. P. 1 
S. Her. P. 1 
S. Her. P. 1 
H. Her. P. 1 
G. Her. P. 14 W. Ind. 
~ Her. P. $ W. Ind. 



Chili . . 
Mendanao 
N. Holl. . 1855 
Trop. Amer. 
Brazil . . 1820 
S. Amer. . 1820 
W. Ind. . 1825 
Mexico . 1866 
Jamaica . 
W. Ind. . 



N. Holl. . 1820 
W. Ind. . 
N. Holl. . 1822 
S. Amer. . 1824 
Mexico . 1823 
Jamaica '. 1793 



£ S. Amer. 

1 W. Ind. . 

1 Brazil . . 
N. Amer. 
Brazil . , 
N. Holl. . 



| Madeira 
. 1 S. Amer. 
. 1 Chili . 

I Jamaica 



1838 

1826 

1824 

1040 

1828= 

1830 

1793 

1776 



1820 

1822 
Norfolk I. 1845 
W. Ind. . 1822 
Chili . . 
Jamaica- . 
S. Amer. . 
Peru 



. 1793 
, 1819 



. 1793 
. 1824 



G. Her. P. 

G. Her. P. 

G. Her. P. 

S. Her. P. 

S. Her. P. 

S. Her. P. 1 

G. Her. P. 1 

S. Her. P. 1 

S. Her. P. 1 

G. Her. P. 1 

S. Her. P. 14 W. Ind. 

S. Her. P. 1 Trinidad . 

S. Her. P. 1 S. Amer. . 1820 

S. Her. P. 1 Jamaica . 1775 

AdIna, Salisbury. The name is taken from 
adinos, clustered ; on account of the flowers 
being in heads. Linn, 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Oinchonaceat. The species is a pretty little 
plant; for culture, &c, see Nauclea. Syno- 
nyme : 1, Nauclea Adina. 
globindra 1 . . Wirt. 7, S. Ev. S. 2 China . . 1804 

AdltJmia, Rafin. Given in reference to the 
purplish fringy character of the flowers, Lintk 



ADN 



13 



^GL 



17, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Fiwnariacem. This in- 
teresting climbing species requires to be sup- 
ported by stakes ; it succeeds well in common 
soil, and increases readily from seeds sown in 
a damp situation. Synonyme : 1, Cor$dalis 
fungbsa. 
cirrh&sa 1 . . Wit. 8, H. 01. B. 15 N. Amer. 1778 

Adnate, adhering ; applied to parts of different 
whorls adherent one to another, and to anthers 
when they are attached to the filaments by their 
whole length. 

Ad6nis, Linn. It is said that this plant sprung 
from the blood of Adonis when wounded by a 
boar, alluding to the blood-red colour of the 
flowers of many of the species. Adonis is 
stated to have been a great favourite with 
Venus. Linn. 13, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Ranun- 
culhcecB. Pretty, free-flowering species ; espe- 
cially A . vernalis and A . autumn&lis, both of 
which are favourites in the flower-garden. 
They all succeed well in any common soil ; 
the annual species are easily increased from 
seeds, and the perennial either from seeds or by 
dividing the roots. Synonymes : 1, A . miniata ; 
2, A. vernalis, Mentzelii. 

sestivalis 1 . . Scar. 6, H. A. 1\ S. Bur. . 1629 

apennlna 2 . . Tel. 4 H. Her. P. 1 Alp. Eur. 
autumnalis . . Crim. 7, H. A. 1 Britain, co.fld. 

citrtna . . Oran. 6, H. A. 1 S. Bur. . 1819 

davurica. . .Tel. 4, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia .1827 
distdrta . . . Yel. 4, H. Her. P. 1 Naples . 1827 
flammea . . . Tel 6, H. A. 1 Austria . 1800 

flava .... Yel. 6, H. A. 1 S. Eur. . 1800 

mierocarpa . . Flesh 6, H. A. 1 Spain . 1824 

pyrenaiea . . Yel. 7, H. Her. P. li Pyrenees 1817 
sibirioa . . . Yel. 4, H. Her. P. 1 "Siberia . 1S27 
vernalis . . . Yel. S, H. Her. P. 1 Europe . 1829 
volgensis . .Yel. 6, H. Her. P. 1 Volga. .1818 

Adoxa, Linn. Derived from a, privative, and 
doxa, glory ; alluding to the want of show in 
the flowers, these being of the same colour as 
the leaves. Linn. 8, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Aralicuxce. 
The plant is very dwarf and interesting, flou- 
rishing best under the shade of trees ; it is 
-increased by offsets. 
Moschatelllna . Gn. yel. 4, H. Tu. P. J Britain, woods 

Adult, full-grown. 

Auuncous, crooked, twisted, or hooked. 

Adventure bay pine. See PhyMocladusrhom- 



AdysETON . See A lyssum. 

JE&BMkA, Ruiz, and Pavon. From aichme, a 
point, in allusion to the rigid points on the 
calyces. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Bromeli- 
dcece. Very showy plants, thriving in a com- 
post of rich fibrous loam and leaf-mould, and 
increased by suckers. Synonyme: 1, Pit- 
calrnia suaveblens. 

discolor . . Scpur. 6, S. Her. P. 2 Brazil. .1844 
fuleens . . .So. blue 9, S. Her. P. 1 Cayenne . 1842 
Melindnii . . Scarlet 6, S. Her. P. 1 S. Amer. 1860 
Mert&sii . . Gn. red 3, S. Her. P. H Demerara 18S0 
mucroniflbra. Yellow 9, S. Her. P. 1 Peru . . 
suaveSlens 1 . Pink 4, S. Her. P. 2£ Brazil. . 1838 
spectabilis . Scarlet S. Her. P. 

iEcfDlUM, Pers. Taken from aiJcion, a wheel, 

■ and ados, like ; like pustules. Linn. 24, Or. 
9, Nat. Or. Uredinacece. These plants are 
found upon the leaves of other vegetables, and 
one of them is known to agriculturists under 



the name of red gum. This species usually 
grows inside the glumes of the calyx, under 
the epidermis, which, when the plant is ripe, 
bursts, and emits a powder of a bright orange 
colour. It does not appear to be materially 
injurious to the grains. Before the cuticle which 
covers the fungus bursts, it has much the 
appearance of a pustule upon the human body, 
— Loudon's Ency. of Plants.— albescens, Allil, 
Ari, Sehenis, Berberidis, Bunii, C&lthos, can- 
eelldiwm, conffrtum, ayrnutwm, Epilbbii, Eu- 
phorbias, Geranii, Grossulcwice, Jacobcece, lacera- 
tum, Leguminosarum, leucosp&rmum, Minthce, 
Orbbi, Periclymeni, Plmi, Prendnthis, Pri- 
mulas, quadrifidum, Ranunculacearum, Rhdm- 
ni, rubtllum, Soldanillm, TardxouA, ThaMctri, 
Tussil&gmis, Vrtlcm, Valerianacedrum, Viola- 
rum. 

^geeIta, Persoon. Derived from aigeiros, a 
poplar ; the species being first discovered on 
it. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Mucoracefe. 
Exceedingly minute productions, found gene- 
rally on dead wood— cdndida, setosa. 

2EaiCEB.AS. From aix, aigos, a goat, and Jceras, 
a horn. Fruit. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Myrsinacece. The cultivation is easy ; the 
soil most suitable is a mixture of loam, heath- 
mould, and saud : and cuttings of the half- 
ripe wood, root in sand under a glass, in a 
little heat. 

us . . White 4, G. Ev. S. 6 N. Holl. . 1824 



jEgilops, Linn. Goat's eye. Supposed to be 
useful for a disease of one corner of the eye ; 
hence the name. Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Gra- 
min&ceoe. Uninteresting hardy species of grass 
of the simplest culture. Synonyme : 1, JS. 
triuneidlis. — caudata, cylindrica, hystrix, 
ovata, squarr&sa, triaristata 1, triuncialis. 

^Eginbtia, Roxb. Named in memory of Paul 
JSginette, a celebrated physician. See Lipo- 
stoma campanuliflbra. 

2EgIfhila, Linn. A favourite of goats, hence 
the name, aix, a goat, and philos, dear. Linn. 
4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Verbenacece. , Handsome 
species, delighting in open loamy soil, and 
propagated from cuttings in sand under a 
glass in heat. 

arborescens . White S. Ev. S. 3 Trinidad. 1823 

diffusa . . . Yellow 7, S. Ev. S. 2 W. Ind. . 1824 
elata . . . .Pa. yel. 8, S. Ev. S. 2 W. Ind. . 1823 
fcetida . . . Lilac 7, S. Ev. S. 2 W. Ind. . 1820 
grandifl6ra. . Yellow 11, S. Ev. S. 3 Havanna 
martinieensis . White 9, S. Ev. B. 6 W. Ind. . 1780 
obovata . . . Yellow S. Ev. S. 2 W. Ind. . 18U4 
trtfida . . . White 6, S. Ev. S. 2 Jamaica . 1826 

jfeGLE, Correa. The word is from cegle, one of 
the Hesperides. Linn. 13, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Aurantictceoe. The fragrant flowers of this 
ornamental shrub (the Bengal Quince) are 
succeeded by a fruit resembling an orange, 
which is thus spoken of by Mr. Don. — " The 
fruit is much larger than that of Feronia, 
•eleph&ntvm, and is very delicious to the taste, 
and exquisitely fragrant. It is not only nu- 
tritious, but possesses an aperient quality 
which is particularly serviceable in habitual 
costiveness ; it contains a large quantity of ex- 
ceedingly tenacious transparent gluten, which 



.EGO 



14 



^SC 



may be drawn out when fresh into fine threads, 
two or three yards in length." From the rind, 
the Dutch in Ceylon prepare a perfume. 
Marmelos . . Wh. red 4, S. Ev. 8. 8 E. Ind. . 1759 
^Eqochl6a, JBenth. Prom aix, a goat, and chloa, 
a green herb ; alluding to the foetid smell of 
some of the species. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
PolemoniAcem. For culture and propagation, 
refer to the genus Gilia. 

atractylbides . Blue . . 6, Har. An. 1 Califor. . 18S3 
cotulsefdlia . Blue . . 6, Har. An. 14 Califor. . 1833 
eryngibides . Wh. blue 6, Har. An. 1 Chili . '. 1833 
intertexta . . Blue . . 6, Har. An. 1 Califor. . 1833 
pubescens . . Blue . . 6, Har. An. 1 Califor. . 1833 
pungens . . Blue . . 6, Har. An. 14 Califor. . 1826 

^Egomarathetjm. From aix, aigos, and mara- 
tlvron, fennel. IAnn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Apiaceoz. Curious plants, of the easiest cul- 
ture and propagation. Synonymes : 1, Cdchrys 
Sicula, Hippomdrathrum Siculum, Hip. cris- 
pum. — crispum 1, pterochlsenum. 

j35gop6dium, Linn. The resemblance of the 
leaves to a foot, hence the derivation, from 
aix, a goat, and podion, a little foot. Linn. 
5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Api&ceee. Common gout- 
weed. Troublesome weeds : the leaves smell 
like Angelica, and may be eaten in salads. 
Podagr&ria . . Wht. 6, H. Her. P. 2 Britain, aba. pi. 
variegata . Wht. 6, H. Her. P. 2 England, aha. pi. 

^Egop6gon, Humboldt. Compounded from aix, 
a goat, and pogon, a beard. Linn. 3, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Graminacece. Curious species of 
grass, of easy culture. 

pusillua . . . Apetal 7, Grass . 4 S. Amer. . 1822 
trisetus . . . Apetal 7, Grass . 1 9. Amer. . 1822 

^Eollanthtjs, Martins. The flowers are subject 
to vary, hence the name from aiollo, to vary, 
and antJws, flower. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Lamiacece. This interesting species delights 
in sandy loam, and is increased freely from 



suaveblens . . Wht. 7, S. A. 1 Brazil. . 1825 

JEbNiTJM, Webb. One of the synonymes given 
by Dioscorides to Sempervivum arbdreum. 
Linn. 10, Or. 5, Nat. Or. Crassulacece. Found 
growing on bare rocks, and require similar 
treatment to Mesembryanthemum. Synonyme : 
1, Sempervivum Yotingianum. 
omentum . Tel. 5, G. Ev. S. 2 Canaries . 1824 
Youngianum 1 . TeL 6, G. Ev. S. 3 Canaries . 1843 

^Equilateral, equal sided. 

AerAnthus, Lindley. From aer, air, and 
anthos, a flower ; in allusion to the manner in 
which the plant grows. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. OrchidacecB. 'Very singular plants, with 
large, solitary, and scentless flowers. They 
require the same treatment as Vdnda. 
grandiflbra . Yel. gn. 6, B. Epi. f Madagasc. 1823 
sesquipedalis White 6, S. Epi. 1 Madagasc. 1823 

^Erial ALGJ3. See Lichens. 

^Erial flags. See Lichens. 

Aerides, Loureiro. Named from aer, the air, 
because they possess the power of living almost 
entirely upon the matter which they absorb 
from the atmosphere. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Orchidaceos. The flowers produced by 
some of the plants are delightfully fragrant, 



as A. odorata, the flowers of which are of a 
delicate, light flesh colour, and disposed in a 
loose, drooping spike, from six inches to a foot 
long, which grows from the axils of the leaves. 
For culture and propagation, see Vdnda, 
Synonymes : 1, Aerides muttifibra ; 2 
drum subulatum; 3, Aerides cornuta; 4, 
BrooTcli ; 5, Vdnda tessellata, CymMdium tassel 
leftdes, Vdnda Boxburghii ; 6, Aerides affine, 
7, Aerides flavidum; 8, Vdnda parviflbra, J$, 
testaceum. 

. Pink . . 7, S. Epi. 14 Sylhet 

. Bra. pink 5, S. Epi. 1 Japan 

. Wht. rose 5, S. Epi. 1 E. Ind. 

. Wht. red 6, 8. Epi. 1 E. Ind. 

. Yel. pink 6, S. Epi. 1 

S. Epi. 

8. Epi. 

. Pur. spt. 5, 8. Epi. 14 Bombay 1844 

. Wht. pur. 7, S. Epi. 14 Sylhet . 1837 

Wht. lilac 8, S. Epi. 14 E. Ind. . 1800 

6, S. Epi. 4 Philipp. 1838 

S. Epi. 1 



1837 
1793 
1840 
1856 
1840 



affine 1 . . 
arachnites . 
crispum 1 . 
cylfndricum 
flavidum . . 
Lindleyanum 
L6bbii. . . 
macul&sum . 
odontochllum 
odoratum 3 . 
quinquevutnerum Pink 
Reichenbachii . 

rbseum 6 . . . Rose . . 9, 8. Epi. 1 E. Ind. . 1840 
suavissimum . Wh. lil. or. 6, S. Epi. 1 Malacca 1848 
tessellatum 5 . Wht. pur. 6, 8. Epi. 14 E. Ind. . 1838 
vlrens .... Pur. wht. 4, 8. Epi. 1 Java . 1843 
superbum . . Pur. wht. 4, 8. Epi. 14 Java . 1846 
Warneri . . 8. Epi. 

Wightianum 8 . Y. blue red 6, S. Epi. 1 Ceylon . 1858 

fRbBiUM. See Angrcecum. 
RTTA, Forshahl. Taken from eroua, its Arabic 
name. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. A marantacece. 
Interesting little plants of easy culture. Syno- 
nyme : 1, Gelbsia lanata. 

javanica . . . Wht. 6, 8. Her. P. 2 E. Ind. . 1768 
lanata 1 . . . Wht. 6, 8. Her. P. 1 E. Ind. . 1691 

jErtjginotjs, having a colour like verdigris. 
iEscHYNANTHUS, Jack. From aischuno, to be 
ashamed, and anthos, a flower. Linn. 14, Or. 
2, Nat. Or. Oyrtandracew. These are truly 
beautiful plants, and deserve a place in every 
collection. They are epiphytes, and thrive 
best in chopped moss, and broken pots ; they 
also grow freely upon old stumps of trees, and 
are easily increased by cuttings. Synonymes: 
1, Incarvlllea parasitica, Trichospbrum grandi- 
flbrum, JE. parasiticus; 2, Lysionbtis longi- 
flara; 3, jS. rddicans, Trichospbrum rddicant; 
4, Trichospbrum pulchrum; 5, Trichospbrum 
dlbidum, Bignania dlbida, Lysionbtis dlbidus; 
6, jB. parasiticus ; 7, J&. Aucldndii; 8, JE. 
Teysmdnnii. 
atrosanguineus Dark red 7, S. Epi. 1 Java . . 184S 

. Scarlet . 7, S. Epi. 1 Java . . 1843 

. Wht. red 7, 8. Epi. 1 

. Scarlet . 7, 8. Epi. 1 

. Scarlet . 6, 8. Epi. 1 Borneo . 1858 

. Gr. scar. 7, 8. Epi. 1 Java . . 1848 

. Scarlet . 6, 8. Epi. 1 Moulmein 1855 

. Scarlet . 8, S. Epi. 5 E. Ind. . 1887 

. Pa. sear. 8, 8. Epi. 1 

. Scarlet 

. Scarlet 

. Scarlet 

. Scarlet 



Boschianus 
candidus . . 
chine'tisis. . 
coi"difdlius . 
discolor . . 
fulgens . . 
grandiflbra 1 
Horsfieldii . 
javanicus 
Lobbiamis . 
longiflbrus 2 
maculatus . 
mannoratus 
xniniatus 3 . 
Paxtdni . . 
Peelii . . . 
pulchellus . 
pulcher 4 



Java 
Java . 
Java . 
Java . 
India . 
Java . 



8, S. Epi. 
8, 8. Epi. 

7, S. Epi. 1 
6, S. Epi. 1 
6, S. Epi. 2 

8, S. Epi. 8 
a. br. rd. 7, S. Epi. 1 
Scarlet . 6, S. Epi. 14 Java . 
Scarlet . 4, S. Epi. 2 Khoseea 
Scarlet . 7, 8. Epi. 14 
Yel. scar. 7, 8. Epi. 2 Trinidad . 1810 
Scarlet . 7, S. Epi. 1 Java . . 1845 

purpurascens 5 Pur. yel. 8, S. Epi. 1 Java . . 1845 
rSdicans . . . Bed . . 8, 8. Epi. 14 Sumatra . 1845 
ramosfsaimus 6 Scarlet . 6, S. Epi. S Khoseea . 1837 
repens . . . Scarlet . 6, 8. Epi. J Java . . 



1844 
1849 
1845 
1845 
1839 
1848 
1845 
1839 



M,BG 



15 



AGA 



Boxburghii . . Scarlet . 7, S. Ev.. 2 E. Ind. . 1837 

speoibsus 7 . .Or. red . 8, S. Epi. 2 Java . . 1846 

splendidus . . Vt. ac. or. 7, S. Epi. 1 Hybrid . 
Teysmannianus Scarlet . 6, S. Epi. 1$ 

tricolor . . . Scar. yel. 7, S. Epi. 1 Borneo . 1857 

zebrlnus 8 . . Scarlet . 6, S. Epi. 1 Java . . 1847 

.^Eschynomene, Linn. Derived from, aischuno, 
supposed to be a little sensitive. lAnn. 17, 
Or. 4, Nat. Or. Fabacece, Papilionaceoc. Or- 
namental plants, requiring a moderate heat to 
preserve them through the winter ; open loam 
suits them best, and cuttings root in heat 
under a glass. Synonymes: 1, J3. viscidula ; 

2, 'JE. prostrata. 

americana . . Tel. 7, S. A. 2 Jamaica . 1732 

aspera .... Yel. 6, S. A. 2 E. Ind. . 1759 

crepitans . . . Yel. 7, S. Ev. S. Caraccas . 1820 
hispida . . . Yel. H. A. 2 N. Amer. . 1803 

indica .... Yel. 6, S. A. 2 E. Ind. . 1799 

patula . . . Yel. 7, S. Ev. S. 2 Maurit. . 1826 

pendula . . . Yel. 7, S. Ev. S. 2 Maurit. . 1826 
pilmila . . . Yel. 7, S. A. 2 E. Ind. . 1818 

' sensitlva . . . TO. S. Ev. S. 3 W. Ind. . 1733 
subviscbsa 1 . . Yel. 7, S. A. 2 E. Ind. . 1816 

viscidula 2 . . Yel. 7, G. A. 3 Florida . 1816 

JEscultjs, Linn. The name is given to a kind of 
oak which bears an edible fruit, and is derived 
from esca, food or nourishment. Linn. 7, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Sapindaceoe. Showy trees, of con- 
siderable magnitude, well adapted for planting 
singly in parks or lawns, -having at all times a 
pleasing appearance, but more especially when 
in flower. A deep loamy soil suits them, and 
they may be increased either by layering, 
grafting, or budding, and some produce good 
seed, by which they can be with advantage 
increased. The bark has been used success- 
fully in intermittent fevers, and with good 
success in dyeing yellow colours. Synonymes : 
1, Calathfirsus calif brnica; 2, Pavia indica j 

3, j33. carnea. 

calif brnica 1. . Wht. 5, H. De. T. 40 California 1857 
glabra . . . . Gn. y. 5, H. De. T. 80 N". Amer. 1812 
Hippocastanum Wht. 5, H. De. T. 40 Asia . . 1629 

fibre pleno . . Wht. 5, H. De. T. 20 Gardens . 

fol. argenteis . Wht. 5, H. De. T. 20 Gardens . 

variegltum . TOt. 5, H. De. T. 30 Asia . . 1629 
Indica 2 . . . Wit. 5, H. De. T. 30 India . . 1828 
ohio&isis . . . "Wht. 5, H. De. T. 30 N. Amer. 1830 
pallida. . . . Gn. y. 6, H. De. T. 40 N. Amer. 1812 
rubioflnda 3 . . E.ed 6, H. De. T. 20 M" . Amer. 1820 

^Estivation, applied to the calyx and corolla 
of a flower when in the bud, before expansion. 

^aEsTUOUS, scorching, glowing, like summer. 

./Ethalium, Link. The name is taken from 
aithales, splendid ; alluding to its showy 
appearance. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Lyco- 
perdcLceae. This species appears in autumn, 
on the bark in stoves— flavum. 

^Etheilema. See Phaylopsis. 

^ETHEOEHizA. From aitho, to scorch, and 
rhiza, root; appearance. Linn. 19, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Asterdcece. See Le6ntodon. 

^Etheria. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchi- 
dacece. Synonymes : 1, Goodyera oce&lta, Pla- 



occfilta . . Wht grn. 10, S. Ter. Or. 1 Maurit 1838 
iETHiONEMA, R. BAwn. Derived from aitho; 
to scorch,- and nema, a filament ; in allusion 
perhaps to some sunburnt appearance in the 
stamens. Limn. 15, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Brassi- 



carnal. Pretty alpine plants, adapted for 
ornamenting rock-work ; they grow well in 
common soil, and may be increased either by 
seeds or cuttings. Synonymes: 1, Thldspi 
ardbicum; 2, T. saxdtile. 

Buxbailmii 1 . Pa. red 6, H. A. $ Levant 1823 

cordifblia . . . Bose . 6, H. Ev. -8. j Mt.Leb.1830 
gracile .... Pa. red 6, H. A. { Carnio. 1823 

membranaceum Lilac . 7, H. Her. P. | Persia . 1829 
monospermum . Pa. pur. 7, H. Her. P. | Spain . 1778 
parviflbrum . . Lilac . 7, H. Her. P. i Persia . 1830 
saxiStile 2 . . . Flesh . 6, H. A. J S. Eur. 1759 

tEthi6nia, D. Don. Derived from JBthion, one 
of Phoebus's horses. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Asteracece. An ornamental genus ; for 
culture, &c, see Bieracium. Synonymes; 1, 
Crepis filifbrmis ; 2, Mieradumfruticosum. 
filifbrmis 1 . . Yel. 6, G. Bi. 14 Madeira . 1777 

fruticbsa 2 . . YeL 6, G. Ev. S. lj Madeira . 1785 

2ETHUSA, Limn. The name alludes to the dan- 
gerous acridity of the plants, and is derived 
from aithwsso, to heat, or make hot. Linn. S, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Apiacece. Quite hardy species, 
of little beauty and of the simplest culture. 
The stem arid leaves of Jl. Cynapium are poi- 
sonous, and contain a peculiar alkali called 
cynopia. 

Cynapioldes . TO. 6, H. An. H Caucasus . 1817 
Cynapium . Wh. 7, H. A. 2 Britain, co. fields 

elata . . . Wh. 8, H. A. 2* 1781 

fiftua . . . Wh. 7, H. Her. P. 2 1781 

African almond. See Brabejwm. 

African fleabane. See Tarchonanthus. 

African lily. See Agapanthus. 

African lotus. See Zizyphus Lotus. 

African marigold. See Tagites ericta. . 

African oak. See Titex Doniana. 

African teak. See Y\tex Doniana. 

Afzelia, Decandolle. Named in honour of 
Dr. A. Afzelius. Linn. 8, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Pabaceoe. A pretty stove plant, growing freely 
in sandy peat and leaf-mould, and is propa- 
gated by cuttings planted in sand under a, 
glass in heat. 
Africans . . Crim. 6, S. Ev. T. 50 Sierra Leone 1821 

Agallochum. See Aloegxlon, Aqwilaria, Ex- 
ccecaria. 

Agalmyla, Blwme. Prom agalma, an orna- 
ment, and hule, a forest ; in allusion to the 
ornamental appearance of the species in the 
woods where they naturally grow. Linn. 14, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Cyrtandracece. This is a hand- 
some epiphyte, of easy culture, requiring the 
heat of the stove. It may either be attached 
to a block of wood, or potted in vegetable 
mould, and treated in every respect like Jis- 
chynanlhus. Synonyme: 1, Justiaia parasitica, 
Cyrtdndra staminea. 
stamineal . . Scarlet 6, S. Epi. i Java. . . 1846 

AGANfsiA, Lindley. Prom aganos, quiet, or 
desirable ; in allusion to the pretty neat ap- 
pearance of the plants. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Orchidacece. In speaking of the cultiva- 
tion, Dr. Lindley observes : "In order to 
cultivate this plant successfully, it should be 
suspended upon a block of wood from the- 
rafters of the stove, and its thick fleshy roots 
allowed to hang in the air, and imbibe its 



AGA 



16 



AGA 



moisture. A damp atmosphere, syringing its 
roots and leaves freely when in a growing state, 
and shade during bright sunshine, are the 
principal requisites in its cultivation. In 
other respects it may receive the same treat- 
ment as the rest of this tribe." — Bot. Reg. 
pulchella . . . Cre. col. 6, S. Epi. i Demerara . 183S 

Aganosma, Don. Aganes, mild, and osme, 
smell. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Apocynacew. 
Synonyme : 1, EcMtes cymosa, B. confirta, — 
cym5sa, 1. See Echites. 

Agapanthus, L'Hiriti&r. Named in allusion 
to the lovely and showy flowers, from agape, 
love, and anthos, flower. Linn. 5, Or. 4, 
Nat. Or. Liliaeeie. Showy plants, producing 
large umbels of bright blue flowers. They are 
nearly hardy, and will grow well in any com- 
mon soil, provided they have plenty of pot 
room. Suckers. 



minor 


Blue . . 8, 0. Tu. 


P. 2 C. G. H. 




precox . 


Pur. blue a, G Tu. 


P. 4 C. G. H. 




uinbellatus 


Blue . . 4, G. Tu. 


P. 3 C. G. H. 


. 1692 


albidus . 


Whitish . 9, G. Her. P. 2 C. G. H. 


gard. 


albifl&rus 


White . 6, G. Tu. 


P. 3 Hybrid, 


gard. 


maximus 


Blue . . 4, G. Tu. 


P. 3 Hybrid, 


gard. 


variegatus 


Blue . . 4, G. Tu. 


P. 2 Hybrid, 


gard. 


AGAPETES. 


See Thibaudia. 







buxifblia . . Scarlet . 8. De. S. Bhotan . 1856 
Agaricace.33. A class of fungals resembling 
the common mushroom (Agaricus campestris). 
Agaricus, Linn. Derived from Agaria, the 
name of a town in Sarmatia. Linn. 24, Or. 9, 
Nat. Or. Agaricacece. A more extensive genus 
than this is not known in the whole vegetable 
kingdom. Some species, as the common 
mushroom, A. cccmpistris, A. vagimatus, &c, 
are well known for the wholesomeness of the 
food which is prepared from them. Others, 
as A. muscarius, A. necator, &c, are very 
dangerous poisons ; indeed, the latter quality 
exists more or less in so many species, and 
these resemble those that are wholesome so 
nearly, as to render it advisable to be exceed- 
ingly cautious in the use of any, for the most 
dreadful effects are well known to have resulted 
from want of caution in this respect. "We 
shall here briefly notice the cultivation of the 
common mushroom in houses erected for the 
purpose, referring the reader for details to 
Loudon's Encyclopaedia of Gardening, and other 
works published on the subject. Collect a suf- 
cient quantity of fresh horse-droppings as free 
from straw as possible, lay them in an open shed 
in a heap or ridge ; here it will heat violently, 
and in consequence should be now and then 
'turned for sweetening ; after this has subsided 
to moderation, it will be in a fit state for forming 
into a bed. In the process of making the bed, 
the dung should be put on in small quantities, 
and beat firmly and equally together until it is 
the required size ; in this state let it remain 
until the highest degree of heat to which it is 
capable of coming is ascertained, which may 
be readily done by inserting a heat-stick, and 
pressing it with the hand : if not found 
violent, the spawn may be broken up into 
pieces of two or three inches square, and put 



into holes about three inches in depth, by six 
inches asunder, over its surface : after this 
throw a very small quantity of well-broken 
droppings over the whole. In this state let 
it remain for two or three weeks, when a loamy 
soil may be put on, about an inch or an inch 
and a-half thick, and gently patted with -the 
spade. If the temperature of the house be 
kept about sixty or sixty-five degrees, mush- 
rooms may be expected in six weeks. It -is 
not well to water the beds much, particularly 
when bearing ; it is much better to throw a 
little water over the path and flues, which will 
both improve the colour and flavour of the 
mushrooms without being attended with those 
bad effects frequently resulting from watering, 
viz., that of destroying the young stock, and 
turning brown those already fit for table. 
Synonymes: 1, A. auratus ; 2, A. spongiosum; 
3, A. puniceus; 4, A. clavdius; 5, A. agristis; 
6, A. rheoldes; 7, Viridarius ; 8, A. varius, 
prottferus ; 9, A. pileolarius; 10, A. crbceus; 
11, A. resupinMus ; 12, A. cornutus,- 13, A. 
adustus; 14, A. flexubsus ; 15, A. scaribsus ; 
16, A. caseus ; 17, A. reticulaius ; 18, A. 
f&lvus; 19, A. rosillus ; 20, A. serbsus; 21, 
A. rubiscens ; 22, A. coronatus; 23, A. ad- 
natus; 24, A. ficoides ; J25, A. al&mnm ; 26, 
Merulius androsaceus. — Acris, adhesivus, adi- 
posus, adftnis, adustus, a. elephantlnus, ffiru- 
gih6sus, ftstuans, albo-brunneus, albus, alca- 
linus, alliaceus, alutaceus, a. xanthopus 1, 
androsaceus, applicatus, aquilus, areolatus, ' 
armenlacus, aromaticus, asper, aspreTlus, ato- 
matus, atro-albus, atro-rufus, auranti-ferrugi- 
neus, aurantiacus, aurantius, aureus, anrinSl- 
lus, balanmus, blfrons, blandus, bolaris, Bol- 
tdni, bombyclnus, brennius, brunneus 2, bulb- 
6sus, bullaceus, csespitdsus, calloehrous, cal- 
lbsus varius, calyptrsef6rmis, camaroph yllus, 
campestris, camptophyllus, candicans, Can- 
dolleanus, caperatus, carneo-albus, carneus 3, 
carnbsus, castaneus, caulicinalis, centiinculus, 
cepsestipes, ceraceus, ceraslnus, cernuus, ehaty- 
beus, chioneus, chrysddon, cilicioldes, cinnfr 
m&meus, clavus, clypeolarius fellnus, c. Melea- 
gris, coccineus, cochleatus, collinltus, colllnus, 
collumbetta, c61us, compressus, conchatus, 
cdnfluens, c<5nieus, conigenus, conspersus, con- 
strictus, controversus, corrugis, corticalis, cre- 
taceus, cristatus, cruentus, cucilmis, cuspida- 
tus, cyaneus, cyathif6rmis 4, cyphellif&nnis, 
dealbatus 5, deeastes, decol6rans, defluens, 
delicidsus, depallens, depr6ssus, diatretus, dis- 
seminatus, d. rubidus, dryinus, dryi5philus, 
dfilcis, Dunalii, eburneus nltens, elatus, ele- 
gans, eme'ticus, epichjteium, epiphyllus, epi- 
pterjfgius, equSstris, ericEeus, ericetorum, eru- 
bescens, erythr6pus, esculentus, evernius, ex- 
celsus, excoriatus, fascicularis, fastibilis, fer- 
trlis, fibrill6sus, fibula, filipes, fimbriatus, 
fimiputris, flabellif&rmis, fldecida, flammans 6, 
flavidus, flexubsus, floceul&sus, foenisecii, fee- 
tens, fdstidus, fragrans, fucktus, . fuliginosus, 
Mvus, fumbsus, furcatus, furfuraceus 7, furfu- 
rosus, fusco-purpureus, filsipes, galeopus, gale- 
riculatus 8, gambbsus, geophyllus, Georgli, 



AGA 



17 



AGA 



gibhus, giganteus, giiVus- 9; glaue6pus, gly- 
eydsmus, gracildsj grammopodius, granulosus 
10, griseocyan-us, hsematophyllus,. hiEm£topus, 
haustellatus 11, hehrolus, hglvus, hippopiaius,, 
Hookeri, hortensis,. Hudson!,. hy.bridus, hyp^ 
n6philus, hypubuum,. lbypothejus, hysgimus, 
iliop6deius, iUinltus, imbrickta, inamseiius, 
inequalis, indpus 12, i-norna-tiis, iuvolutus 13,. 
Iris, juncicola, laecatus amethystinus, laehry- 
mabundus, lacteus, lanugindsus, lasoivus, late- 
ralis, laterltius, lentus, leomnus, lepidus mon- 
strosus, lign£tilis, limonius, litt6reus, llvido- 
ochrkceus, longicailis 14, Lovekmis, lujidus, 
lMeo-ilbus, luteus, majalis, mamm6sus, marlse, 
mailtimus, mastoldieus, mastrucktus, medius, 
melaleuous, malleus ehtsticus, larielnus; millus, 
miniktus, mltis, mitissimus, mdllis, rnucidus, 
murklis, muriektus 15, murinaceus, minimis, 
musckrius, muta"bUis, Mydmyces, Myosotis, 
nebmlaris 16, necator, nidulans, nigrescens, ni- 
tidus, nivalis, nuceus, nudus, obesus, obliquus,. 
odorktus, cedematopus coralloldes, olivkceo-. 
albus, opacus, oreades, ostreatus, ovalis, ovl- 
ntis, pachyphyllus, pSUidus, pantherlnus, 
papilronaceus, papyrkceus, parasiticus, pascuus, 
paupereulus, pelianthinus, pellucidus, perfo- 
rans, peronktus, personatus, petaloldes, pozi- 
zoldes, phlebophorus 17, phalloides verrucosus, 
pholidius, phylldphilus, pilipes, piperktus, 
pistillari platyphyllus, plumbeus, plum&sus, 
pluteus, polneus, politus, polygrSmmus, poly- 
stietus, porphyrins, pdrrigens, praecox appen- 
dieulktus, p. deliektus, praslnus, pratensis 18, 
procerus, prunulus, psittacinus, pterigenus 19, 
pftdens, pulrnktus, p. clava?f6rmis, p. ericeus, 
puniceus, piirus, pyr<5galus, pyxidatus, quietus 
20, racemosus, radicktus, radie61us, rameklis, 
raphanoides, reticinus, reticulktus, rimfisus, 
rodopholius, rbseus, rotula, ruber, rubescens, 
Eubi, rufo-carneus, rufus 21, Kiissula, rutilans, 
sanguineus, seaber, scaurus, scorod6nius, sero- 
bieulktus, sejiinctus, semiglobatus, semioyktus 
22, septicus, serotinus, s. gramineus, sinuktus, 
solitkrius, speciosus, sphagnic61a, spil&meus, 
spinipes, splendens, spum6siis, squamosus, 
squarrosus, stellatus, stereorkrius 23, stipktus, 
stipticus 24, striktulus, striktus, strobillnus, 
stylobktus, subdiilcis, sublanktus, sulphureus, 
tanacellus, tener, tenerrimus, tent&culum, tes- 
tkeeus, thejdgalus, tigrlnus, Tithymallnus, 
titubans, torminosus, t&rtilis, torul6sus, t&ryus, 
trechisporus, tremulus, tuberisus 25, turbink- 
ttis, tiirf6sus, tiirgidus, undktus, unguin6sus, 
ulmkrius, ustklis, uvidus, vaoeinus, vaginktus 
fiilvus, V. hyalinus, v.pliinibeus, v. pulyinktus, 
Vaillantii 26, validus, variabilis, vellens, velu- 
tlpes, vermis, versicolor, vietus, violaceus, 
virescens, virgktus, virgineus, viridis, vitel- 
linus, vulgkris, vulplnus. 

AoARfsTAj -Don. Daughter of Clisthenes, a 
mythological name. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Erictozoe. See Andromeda and Leucbthoe. 
Synonymes: 1, Andrdmeda ovaAfblAa-; 2, A. 
salicifllia. 

buxifblia 1 . . Scarlet . 6, G. Bv. S. 4 la. Bourb. 1822 
salicif&lia 2. .Ox. pur. "5, G. Bv. S. 3 Maurit. . 1838 

AoastXchts, 11. Brown. So named in reference 



toits fine flowers. From agastas, admirable, 
. and stachys, a spike. Lmn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Proteaeece. A pretty species ; for eulture, 
&e., see Persobnia. 
odorata . . .Pa. yel. 6, G. Ev. S. 8. N. Hoa . 1826 

AQASifLLls, Sprengel. The Greek name for the 
Ammoniac plant. Lmn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Apicuxce. An uninteresting species, of easy 
culture. Synonymes: 1, Cdchrys laMfbbia, Stter 
caucdsicum. — caucasica 1. 

AgathAa, H. Cassini. Named from agathos, 
excellent ; on account of its, beautiful flowers. 
Linn. 19, Or. 2> Nat. Or. Asteracece. For 
culture, &o. , see Cineraria. Synonymes: 1, 
Cineraria amelloides ; 2, 0. UnifbKa. 



ccfil^stis 1 


. Blue . 6, G. Ev. S. - 


C. G. H. 


1?59 


linifblia 2 . 


. Blue . 6, G. Ev. S. 


C. G. H. 


1800 



and phyton, a plant. 
Chenopodiacece. See 
Agath6sma, Willden. 
pleasant, and osme, 



Agath^L^is, (Jhoisg. Agathos, pleasant, and 
thelys, a woman. lAnn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Selaginctcece. For culture, &c. , refer to Selago. 
parvifblia . White 5, G. Ev. S.. U C. G. H. . 1816 

Ag-athis. See Ddmmara. 

Agatboph^llum, Jiissieu. The name refers 

. to the pleasant clove-like smell of the leaf, 
and is derived from agathos* pleasant, and 
phyllon, a leaf. Linn. 11, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Lauraeece. Madagascar Nutmeg. This orna- 
mental tree glows well in good peat, or open 
rich loam, and is propagated from cuttings. 
The bark and dried fruit are aromatic, especi- 
ally the latter, 
aromaticum. . White- 6, S. Bv. T. 3fl Maitog. . 1823 

Agathophytum, Mog. From agafhos y pleasant, 
Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Ohenopddiiim. 

Derived from agathos, 
smell. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Rutacece. The plants are ornamental, 
and smell like Diosmas: For culture, &o., see 
that- "genus. The Hottentots use the dried 
and powdered leaves of A. pulchilla, with the 
grease with which they anoint their bodies ; this, 
according to Thunberg, gives them an almost 
unbearable smell. Synonymes: 1, JH6sma 
ambigua; 2, D. orbicularis; 3, B&cco prottfera. 

acuminata 
ambigua 1 
brevifblia 
Brunladea 
cefefolia . 
ciliata 
crenata . 
erecta . . 
hirta . . 

exsiccata 

purpurea 

Ventenati; 
hispida . 
imbricata 
linifblia . 
orbicularis 
ovata . . 
prolifera 3 
pubescens 
pulchella 
renexa . 
rubra . . 
rug6sa . 
tenulssima 
tetragbna 
vestlta . 



. . Violet 


5, G. Ev. S. 3 


C. G H. 1812 


. . White 


6, G. Ev. S. 2 


C. G. H. 1810 


, . Purple 


5, G. Ev. B. 2 


C. G. H. 1818 


. . Purple 


5, G. Ev. 8. 2 


C. G. H. 1820 


. . White 


5, G. Ev. a 2 


C. G. H. 1774 


. . White 


5, G.lBv. S. 2 


C. G. H. 1774 


. White 


1, G. Ev. S. 2 


C. G. H. 1774 


. . Bluewh 


. 5, G. Ev. S. 2 - 


C. G. H. 1816 


. . Purple 


5, G. Ev. S. 2 


C. G. H. 1794 


. . Purple 


5, G. Ev. S. 2 


C. G. H. 1794 


. . Purple 


5, G. Ev. S. 2 


C. G. H. 1794 


ana Purple 


5, G. Bv. S. 2 


C. G. H. 1794 


. . Violet 


5, G. Bv. S. 1 


C. G. H. 1786 


. . Pink 


5, G. Ev. S. 3 


C. G. H. 1774 


. . White 


5, G. Bv. S. 2 


C. G. H. 1823 


2 . White 


5, G. Bv. S. 2 


C. G. H. 1800 


. . White 


2, G. Bv. S. 2 


C. G. H. 1790 


. . White 


5, G. Bv. S. 3 


C. G. H. 1790 


. . White 


5, G. Ev. S. 1 


C. G. H. 1798 


. . Purple 


2, G. Bv. S. 3 


C. G. H. 1787 


. . Purple 


. 5, G. Ev. S. 2 


C. G. H. 1820 


. . Bed . 


. 2, G. Ev. S. 2 


C. Q. H. 1758 


. . White 


6, G. Ev. S. 2 


C. G. H. 1790 


. . White 


i, G. Ev. S. 2 


C. G. H. 1820 


. . White 


7, G. Ev. S. 1 


C. G. H. 1789 


. . White 


5, G. Ev. S. 2 


C. G. H. 1824 
C 



AGA 



18 



AGE 



vill&sa 
virgata 



. Violet . 5, G. Ev. S. H C. G. H. 1786 
. White . 4, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 1820 



Agathyrstjs,. D. Don. The flowers are very 
pretty, hence the name is derived from agathos, 
pretty, and thyrsus, a thyrse. Linn. 19, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Asteracece. For culture, &c, see 
Sfmchus. Synonymes: 1, Sbnchus agristis ; 2, 
S. alplnus ; 3, S. cacaliafblius ; 4, S. cydneus ; 
5, S. Jloridanus ; 6, S. Iapp6nicus; 7, S. 
Plumieri; 8, S. sibiricus; 9, S. tat&ricus. 

. Blue 7, H. A. 4 Scotland, mts. 

. Blue 7, H. Her. P. 4 Nepal . 
. Blue 7, H. B. 2 Iberia . 

. Blue 7, H. Her. P. 6 ST. Amor. 
. Blue 8, H. Her. P. 6 Lapland 
. Blue 8, H. Her. P. 2 Pyrenees 
. Blue 8, H. Her. P. 4 Siberia 



alplnus 2 
cyaneus 4 . 
floridanus 5 . 
lapponicus 6 
Plumieri 7 . 
sibiricus 8 . 
tataricus 9 



1S20 
1820 
1713 
1804 
1794 
17S4 



agristis 1 , caealicefolius 3. 
Agati, Rheede. Agati is its name in the San- 
scrit language. Linn. 17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. 
Fabacece. Tall ornamental species. For cul- 
ture, &c, see ScsbcXnia. Syrwnymes: 1, Ses- 
bania coccinea ; 2, S. grandiflbra. 

coccinea 1 . . Bed 8, S. Ev. T. 6 E. Ind. . 1768 
grandiflbra 2 . Eed 8, S. Ev. T. 10 E. Ind. . 1820 

Agave, Linn. The name has been altered from 
agauos, admirable. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Amaryttidacece. To this highly interesting 
genus belongs the A . americana, or American 
aloe. This plant has been said to flower only 
once in a hundred years, but it is now known 
to flower sooner or later, according to the treat- 
ment it receives. The readiest way to throw 
it into flower is to apply bottom heat, and 
treat it as the pine-apple. All the species 
thrive well in rich loamy soil, mixed with a 
very little rotten dung, decayed vegetable 
mould, and brick rubbish ; they require but 
little water, and are propagated by suckers 
from the root. Synonymes: 1, A. spicata; 2, 
A. lunda. See Littcea. 



americana 


. Yellow 


8, G. Ev. S. 


20 S. Amer 


1640 


variegilta 


. Yellow 


8, G. Ev. S. 


20 8. Amer 


1640 


angustif&lia 


. Green . 


S. Ev. S. 


6 


1790 


applanata 


. Green . 


4, G. Her. P. 


6 Mexico 


1860 


brachyst£- 
chys 1 


[-Green . 


S. Ev. S. 


Mexico 


1826 


Celsii. . 




G. Her. P. 






coccinea . 


1 Red . 


G. Her. P. 


Mexico 




densiflbra 


. Yel.red 


S. Ev. S. 


Mexico 


1856 


elegans . 
filifera . 




8. Her. P. 








G. Her. P. 






flaccida . 


. Green . 


S. Ev. S. 


6 S. Amer 


1790 


Ghiesbregh 


ii . 


G.Ev. S. 






glaucescens 


Yellow 


G. Her. P. 


Mexico 


1835 


Jaequiniana 2 . Green . 


S. Ev. 8. 


Hondur: 


1858 


Karatto ' . 


. Green . 


S. Ev. S. 


5 S. Amer 


1768 


lurida 


. Green . 


6, S. Ev. S. 


8 V. Cruz 


1731 


maculosa 


. Gr. wh. 


S. Her. P. 


9 Texas 


1858 


mexicana 


. Green . 


S. Ev. 8. 


6 Mexico 


1817 


Mffleri . 


. Green . 


S. Ev. 8. 


6 


1768 


picta . . 




G. Her. P. 






polyacahtha 


. Green . 


8, S. Ev. 8. 


6 


1800 


polycantholdes 


G. Her. P. 


Mexico 


1835 


pulcherrima 
Saponaria . 




G. Her. P. 


Mexico 


1835 


. Brown 


7, G.Ev. 8. 


Peru. 


1838 


schidigera 


. Gr. red 








striata . 


. Gr. wh. 


6, G. Her. P. 


6 Mexico 


1865 


univittata 


. Green . 


S. Ev. 8. 


Mexico 


1880 


virginica 


. Purple 


P. Ev. 8. 


3 N.Amer 


1765 


vivipara . 


. Green . 


9, 8. Ev. S. 


15 S. Amer. 


1731 


yuccsefolia . 


. Yellow 


8. Ev. 8. 


6 Mexico . 


1819 



A_gen6ra, D. Don. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Asteracece. See Seribla. 



A. li M. Video 1827 
A. 1 W. Ind. 1800 
P. 1 Carolina 1764 
A. 1 America 1714 
A. 1J Peru . 1800 
A. 14 Mexico . 1822 
A. 2 Nepal . 1821 
A. 1 



AgerAtum, Linn. The colours are constant, or 
as might be rendered, always clear ; hence the 
name is compounded of a, privative, and geras, 
old. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asteracece. The 
species are ornamental, and grow freely in 
light rich soil; cuttings root freely in soil 
under a glass. Syrwnymes : 1, Eriopht/llv/m 
cmgustifdlium ; 2, A. obtusifdlium 3, JEupa- 
tbriv/m cordatum; 4, Phalacrdia latifblia ; 5, 
A. conyzoides mexicana. 
angustifblium 1 White 7, G. 
cseruleum 2 . . Blue 7, G. 
conspicuum 3 . Blue 7, G. Her. 

■ conyzoides . . Lt. bl. 7, H. 
latifblium 4 . . White 7, H. 

. mexicanum 5 . Blue 6, H. 
strfctuni . . . White 6, H. 
variegatum . . Blue 6, G. 

AG^ME^TEi,,!^^^-^-^ 

Aggregate, ) gathered together, applied to 

Aggregated, j the inflorescence. 

Agila wood, Eagle wood or Lion aloe. 
See AquilAria. 

AgiAia, De Candolle. Aglaia, one of the 
Graces. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Me- 
liacece. An interesting Chinese plant, requir- 
ing to be grown in a mixture of rich loam, 
rotten dung, and heath-mould, and propagates 
freely by cuttings of the half-ripened wood, 
odorata . . . Striped 2, 8. Ev. S. 3 China . 1810 

Aglaom6rpha, Sehott. Aglaos, beautiful, ■ and 
morpha, form. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Polypodiacece. An elegant stove fern requiring 
the same treatment as Polypbdium. Syno- 
nyme : Pstfgm/ium ttegams. 
JMeyeriana . . Yel. 5, S. Her. P. li Is. of Luzon 

Aglaonema, "Sm. Aglaos, beautiful, and nemos, 
a grove. Limn. 21, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Aracece. 
See Arwm. 

Agnostus, A. Cwrin. Agnosias, unknown. Linn. 
4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Proteacece. This is 
a most beautiful plant, on account of its 
erect clear growth, and large interesting pin- 
natifid foliage. It thrives well in sandy peat % 
but must not be over-watered, and may b* 
increased by ripened cuttings. Synonyms : 1, 
Stenocarpus Cunninghamii. ■ 
sinuata 1 . .Or. sc. 9, G. Ev. T. 20 Moreton B. 18S0 

Agoniopteris, Presl. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Polypodiacece. Synonyme: 1, Acr6stichum 
subdiaphanwm. 
subdiaphana . Brn. yel. 4, 8. Her. P. India . 

Ag6nis. See Billbtia. 

Agrimonia, Tournefort. A corruption of Arge- 
mom. The ancient Greeks gave this name to 
a plant which was supposed to be useful in a 
disease of the eyes called argema. Limn. 11, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Rosacea:. Ornamental species 
of easy culture. A decoction of A. Eupatbria 
makes a wholesome gargle. 

agrimonioldes . Yel. 6, H. Her. P. li Italy . . 1739 
dahunca . . . Yel. 8, H. Her. P. 2 Dahuria . 1811 
6, H. Her. P. 3 Britain, ro. si.. 

6, H. Her. P. 2 Nepal. . 1820 

7, H. Her. P. 4 Italy . . 1640 
7, H.<Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1766 

7, H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1819 

8, H. Her. P. 2 Levant . 1787 



Eupatbria 


.Yel. 


nepal£nsis 


.Yel. 


odorata . 


.Yel. 


parviflbra 


.Yel. 


pilbsa 


.Yel. 


rfepens . 


.Yel. 



AGE 



19 



AIZ 



striikta .... Wht. 7, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1812 
siuiveblens . . Yel. 7, H. Her. P. 2 Virginia . 1810 

Agrimony. See Agrimdnia. 

Agrofyrum, Palisot de Beauvois. Derived 
from agros, a field, and pyros, wheat. Linn. 
3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Grammacece. Mere weeds, 
of the simplest culture. Synonymes: 1, Triti- 
ewm gigdnteum, T. elongatum ; 2, T. pdnicum ; 
3, T. pectinatum ; 4, T. ripens. — acutum, 
angustifolium, canlnum, cristatum, dasy- 
anthum, densifl6rum, desertbrum, distiehum, 
elongatum 1, glaucum, imbricaturn, inter- 
medium, junceum 2, littorale, murieatum, 
obtusiflbrum, pectinatum 3, pectinifbrme, 
prostratum, pilngens, ripens 4, arvense, 
capillare, dumetorum, Leersianum, subu- 
latum, Vaillantianum, rigidum, rupestre, 
sibiricum, subulatum, varieg&tum. 

AgrostISmma, Linn. Derived from agros, a 
field, and stemma, a crown ; in reference to 
the beauty of the flowers. Linn. 10, Or. 4, 
Nat. Or. Caryophyllacece: Rose Campion. 
The species are well adapted for flower borders, 
where, when in flower, they are very orna- 
mental. They grow well in any common soil, 
and increase by division or seeds. Synony- 
mies : 1, Lpchnis coronaria ; 2, A. per&inans ; 
3, LQckiiis pyrenaica. 

Bungeitaa . . Scarlet 7, H. Her. P. H Euasia . 1834 
coronarial. .Bed . 6. H. Her. P. 8 Italy. .1596 
alba . . . White . 6, H. Her. P. 3 Gardens 
plena . . . Bed . 6, H. Her. P. 3 Gardens 
decumbens 2 . Crim. . 7, H. Her. P. 1 
pyrenaica 3 . Pa. rose 6, H. Her. P. i Pyrenees 1819 
suecica . . . Pink . 8, H. Her. P. | Sweden . 1824 

Agr6stis, Lwm. This is the Greek name for 
all grasses, from agros, a field. Linn. 3, Or. 
2, Nat. Or. Gramdnacece. Bent Grass. Plants 
of simple culture, 
alba Apetal 7, Grass li Britain . mar. 

purpurascens . Apetal 7, Grass H Britain . mar. 

vivipara . . . Apetal 7, Grass lj Britain . mar. 
elegaris . . . Apetal 6, Grass 1 Russia . 1834 
paueifldra. . . Apetal 7, Grass 1 Switzerland 1824 
spica-venti . . Apetal 7, Grass 4 England . sa. fi. 
stolonttera . . Apetal 7, Grass 1 Britain . mo. me. 

angustifolia . Apetal 7, Grass 1 Britain . mo. me. 

aristata . . . Apetal 7, Grass 1 Britain . mo. me. 

latifolia . . . Apetal 7, Grass 1 Britain . mo. me. 

nemoralis . . Apetal 7, Grass 1 Britain . mo. me. 

palustris . . Apetal 7, Grass 1 Britain . mo. me. 
ccmula, ambigua, dspera, BillardUri, calama- 
grfstis, capensis, capillaris, dtUlis, dec&mbens, 
diffusa, dubia, dulcis, Forsteri, fronddsa, 
gigdntea, hispida, mterrupta, Jurissi, latifolia, 
littor&lis, maritima, netuldsa, negUcta, pallida, 
pdtula, plebUa, purpurea, retrofrdcta, spuria, 
syhdtica, tenilla, Tendrei, tenuifMia, valen&na, 
varia, variegata, versicolor, veriicillata, vir- 
ginica, vulgaris. 
Agrostophyllum, Blume. From agrostis, 
grass, and phyllon, a leaf ; plant, grass-like. 
Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. OrcMdacea. 
Khasyanum . . S. Bpi. E. Ind. . 1838 

AGRtrMi, a name given to any kind of lemon by 

the Italians. 
Agyn&ta, Linn. Possessed of neither style nor 
stigma, hence the name, from a, privative, 
and gyne, a female. Linn. 21, Or. 1, Nat. Or, 
Muphorbiduxce. Uninteresting plants, succeed- 



ing in loam, and increased readily from seeds 
or suckers — vmpubes, puber. 

Agyrium, Fries. Derived from agyris, a cluster, 
the species being generally found in crowds or 
clusters. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Hehiellaceas. 
Curious dot-like productions, appearing like 
crusty spots upon dead wood — cdesiwm, rufwm. 

AlKfKlA. See Wahlenbirgia. 

AilAntus, Willdenow. Derived from ailanto, 
(tree of heaven). Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Xanihoxylacem. The name of one species in 
the Moluccas, "A. glanduldsa, is a tree which 
may be compared to a gigantic stag's-horn 
sumach ; it has very large leaves, unequally 
pinnate, with footstalks from one to two feet 
in length ; and numerous flowers in a termi- 
nating pedicel, which exhale a disagreeable 
odour. The tree grows very fast, and on very 
poor soil, especially if it be calcareous. If 
the bark be wounded a resinous juice flows 
out, which hardens in a few days. The wood 
is hard, heavy, glossy, like satin, and suscept- 
ible of a very fine polish. It is propagated by 
cuttings of the roots. In general with us the 
trees bear only male flowers, but in France it 
has produced both male and female flowers, 
and fruit twice in ten years." — Loudon's Eney. 
of Plants. 

exeelsa . . . Green 8, H. De. T. 60 B. Ind. . 1800 
glandulosa . . Green 8, H. De. T. 20 China. . 1751 

AfRA, Willdenow. Applied by the Greeks to 
LblAum temulentwm, in reference to the dele- 
terious qualities of that plant. Linn. 3, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Graminacece. Grasses of the simplest 
culture. Synonyme : 1, Phalaris semineutra. 
arundinacea . . Apetal . 6, Grass . 1 Cumana . 1817 
semineutra 1 . Apetal . 7, Grass . 1 Hungary . 1812 

atropu/rpHrea, caryophffllea, flexubsa, glabrdta, 
humilis, lendigera, pdllens, pulcMlla, refrdcta, 
versicolor. 
AlROPSlS, Desvaux. Named from its resemblance 
to the genus Aira ; from aira, hair-grass, and 
opsis, like. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Grami- 
nacece. For culture, &c, see Aira. Syno- 
nymes: 1, Aira brevifdlia; 2, Pba agrostidea, 
Aira agrostidea. 

brevifolia 1 . Apetal . 7, Grass . 1 Missouri . 1818 
Cand6Uei 2 . Apetal . 7, Grass . 1 S. Bur. . 1820 
puleheUa . . . Apetal . 3, Grass . 1 " 1831 

globdsa, obtusata. 

Air-plant. See Airides. 

Ait6nia, Zinn., Junior. In honour of Mr. 
"William Aiton, the king's head gardener at 
Kew. Linn. 16, Or. 5, Nat. Or. Meliacece. 
A pretty and interesting species, thriving well 
in loam and peat. Cuttings if taken off when 
young will root in sand, under a glass in heat, 
if not suffered to remain damp, 
capensis . . . Pink . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1777 

AlzdoN, Linn. These plants live under almost 
any treatment ; hence the name is derived 
from aei, always, and zoon, alive. Linn. 12, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Tetragoniaceas. Not worth 
growing, except in botanical collections. For 
culture, &c, see Mesembrydmthemum. 
canari&se . . Yellow . S, G. A. 1 Canaries . 1731 
glinoldes . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H. . 1774 
' C2 



AJA 



20 



ALE 



hispanieum . Apetal . 7, G. A. | Spain . . 172S 
lanceolatum . Pink . 8, G. B. J C. G. H. . 1752 
perforatum . Pink . 7, G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H, . ISIS 

Ajava seed. See Ptychbtis. 

Ajowan. See Ptyahbtis. 

AjiTQA, Linn. The derivation of the name is 
from a, privative, and zugon, a yoke. Linn. 
14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lam.id.cece. These dwarf 
species have a pretty appearance when in 
flower, planted near the front of borders, &e. 
They are easily cultivated, and increased by 
division or seeds. Synonymes: 1, A. gene- 
vinsis, A. rugbsa. 

alplna 1 . . . Blue 8, H. Her. P. £ England . hills 
australis . . Blue 7, H. Her. P. £ N. Holl. . 1S22 
bracte&sa . . Blue 7, H. Her. P. £ Nepal . . 1821 
Chamfepitys . Tel. 7. H. A. £ England, sa. fie. 

folibsa . . . Blue 8, H. Her. P. £ Switzer. . 1826 
furcata . . . Blue 7, H. Her. P. £ Nepal . . 1824 
genevehsis . . Flesh 7, H. Her. P. £ Switzer. . 1656 
integrifdlia . Blue 6, H. Her. P. £ Nepal . . 1821 
Iva . . . . Yel. 5, H. A. £ S. Eur. . 1759 

orientelis . . Blue 6, H. Her. P. l| Levant . 1752 
pyramida'Iis , Pur. 5, H. Her. P. i Britain, dp. wd. 
reptans . . . Blue 5, H. Her. P. £ Britain, dp. wd. 
alba. . . . Wht. 5, H. Her. P. £ Britain, dp. wd. 
rubra . . . Red 5, H. Her. P. £ Britain, dp. wd. 
varieg^ta . . Blue 4, H. De. Cr. £ Britain, dp. wd. 
rupeatris . . Blue 5, H. Her. P. £ Switzer. . 

Akebia, Decaivne, From a name one of the 
species bears in the gardens of Japan. Linn. 
21, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Lardizabaldaece. See 
Rajania, for culture, &a. Synonyms : 1, 
Rajania quinata. 
quinita 1 . Lil. pink 3, G. Ev. Twi. 10 Chusan . 1845 

Akee-tree. See Bllghia sdpida. 

Akenium, an indehiscent pericarp, containing 
a single seed, which does not adhere to it. 

Aki. See Metrosidiros. 

Alangium, Jussieu. Its name in Malabar. 
Linn. 12, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Alangiacece. Tall 
ornamental trees, thriving in light sandy 
loam, or loam mixed with peat. Cuttings 
strike in sand, in heat, under a glass, 
decapflalum . Pa. pur. 6, S. Ev. T. 20 E. Ind. . 1779 
hexapftalum . Purple 6, S. Et. T. 20 E. Ind. . 1823 

Alaternus. See Rhdmnus Alatirnus. 

ALBijCA, Linn. The name is given, somewhat 
injudiciously, to the colour of the flowers, 
from albus, white ; only a few of-the species 
having white flowers. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Liliacece. The species are handsome, and 
thrive well in sandy loam mixed with a little 
peat. The suckers from the old bulb, or 
leaves taken off with a scale from the old 
bulb, will produce young plants. Synonymes: 
1, Anthiricum exuviatum ; 2, A. fr&grans; 
abyssinica . White . 8, G. B1.»P. 2 Abyssinia 1818 
altissima . . White . 6. G. Bl. P. 4 C. G. H. . 1789 
aurea . . . Gn. yd. 6, G. Bl. P. 1£ C. G. H. . 1818 
caudata . Yellow 6, G. Bl. P. 2 C. G. H. . 1791 
coarctata . . White . 6, G. Bl. P. 2 C. G. H. . 1774 
exuyiata 1 . White . 6, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1795 
fastigulta . . White . 6, G. Bl. P. l£ C. G. H. . 1774 
filifblia. . . Yellow 6, G. Bl. P. 2 C. G. H. . 1820 
flaoeida . . Yd. gn. a, G. Bl. P. 2 C. G. H. . 1791 
fragrans . . Yel. gn. 7, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1791 
fugax 2 . . Gn. yel. 7, G. Bl. P. 2 C. G. H. . 1791 
Gardeni . . White . 6, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1854 
major . . . Gn. yel. 5, G. BL P. 3 C. G. H. . 1795 
minor . . . Yellow 5, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1768 
physbdes . . White . 6, G. Bl. P. { C. G. H. . 1804 
eet&sa , . . Green . 6, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1795 
spiralis , , White . 6, G. Bl. P. i C. G. H. . 1795 



viridiflora . . Green . 6, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1794 
viseosa. . . Wh.gn. 6, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1779 
vittata . . . Yel. gn. 6, G. BL P. £ C. G. H. . 1802 

Albcmen, the substance under the inner coat 
of the testa of seeds, surrounding the embryo. 

Alburnum, th« young wood before it comes to 
a proper consistence. 

AlchemIlla, Linn. The word is from Alice- 
melyeh, its Arabic name. Linn. 4, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Sanguisorbaceoz. Many of the species 
are ornamental, and well adapted for planting 
near the front of borders, or for adorning rock- 
work. They succeed well in any common 
soil, if not over-wet, and may be increased 
by seeds or division. A . vulgaris is astringent, 
and slightly tonic. Synonymes: 1, A. arvinsis, 
kphanes arvbixsis ; 2, AlchemUla montana. 
See also Th&sium. 
. alplna . . . Grn. 6, H. Her. P. \ Britain . rooks 
capensis . . . Grn. 6, G. Her. P. £ C. G. H. . . 1818 
fissa . . . Grn. 7, H. Her. P. £ Switzerland 1826 
htfbrida 2 . . Grn. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Britain . roeka 
pentaphylla . Wht. 7, H. Her. P. £ Switzerland 1784 
pubescens . . Grn. 7, H. Her. P. £ Caucasus . 1813 
serioea . . . Grn. 7, H. Her. P. £ Caucasus . 1813 
Sibbaldisefblia Wht. 6, G. Her. P. £ Mexico . . 1823 
vulgaris . . . Grn. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Britain, wds. &c. 
glabra . . . Grn. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Pyrenees . 1817 
variega,ta . . Grn. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Britain . woods 

Aphanes 1, cornucopioldes. 

AloIna, Cavanilles. Named in honour of Fr. 
Ign. Alcina, a Spanish naturalist. Linn. 19, 
Or. 4, Nat. Or. Asteracece. A species of little 
interest and easy cultivation — perfoliata. 

ALCYONfDlUM, Agardh. So called, from Hal- 
kwneion, the foam of the sea, among which 
the plants referred to this genus are naturally 
produced. Linn. 24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Diato- 
macece. This also is supposed to be the nidus 
of some aninialculse. Lamouroux, who origin- 
ally, fixed it here, afterwards referred it to 
Zoophytes ; in which last opinion Gaillon 
agrees with him, declaring that he has actually 
seen the animalculse nestling in it. D'Orbigny 
and Ellis consider it the ova of a testaceous 
animal, defrdctum, didphanum, flaviscens. 

Alder. See Alnus. 

AldrovAnda, Linn. In honour of Ulysses 
Aldrovandus, an old Italian botanist. Linn. 

5, Or. 5, Nat. Or. Droseracem. We refer for 
culture, &c. , of this curious little aquatic, to 
Actinocarpus. 

vesicul&sa . Wht. 7, H. Aq. P. floa Italy . . 1823 

Alecost or Costmary. See Balshmita. 

Alect&ria, Acharius. The name is derived from 
alektor, unmarried, because of the uncertainty 
respecting the male flowers. Linn. 24, Or. 8, 
Nat. Or. Parmeliacece. A . jubata occasionally 
supplies the rein-deer with food ; for which 
purpose the Laplanders cut down the trees, 
that the lichen may be devoured from the 
topmost branches. — jubata, chalybiiform'is, 
sarmentbsa. 

Alembic, a vessel acting like a still. 

Aletris, Linn. The whole plant appears 
covered with a powdery dust ; hence the pro- 
priety of the name, from Aleton, meal. Linn. 

6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Scemodoracece. Interesting 
species, delighting in a shady situation, and 



ALE 



21 



ALL 



peat or leal soil. They are increased from 
offsets. A- farindsa has hitter roots, which 
act as a toaie and stomachic given, in small 
doses, but a mixture of twenty grains produces 
much nausea, with a tendency to vomit. Sy- 
nonyme: X. A. dlbc$. 

aurea . . . Yellow 7, H.. Her. P. J N. Amer. . 1811 
farinbsa 1 . . White 6, H.. Her. P. | N. Amer. . 176S 

AleurItes, Forster. Derived from aleurites, 
mealy; in allusion to the farinaceous substance 
with which the whole- plant is covered. Linn. 
21, Or. 10, Nat. Or. Euphorbiacece. Handsome 
plants, succeeding well in loamy soil, and in- 
creased from ripe.cuttings with the leaves left 
on, in a pot of sand, in heat, under a glass, 
cordata . . Apetal 4, S. Bv. Tr. 10 Japan . . 1818 
triloba . . . Apetal 4, S. Bv. T. 10 Society Is. 1793 

Alexanders. See SnvQrnium. 

Alexandrian laurel. See Rtiscus racemdsus. 

Alfredia, De Oaud. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Hat. Or. 
Asteraceoe. See SUybum. 

Algaroba. See Prosbpis. 

Algaroba bean or Carob. See Ceraibnia. 

AlhAgi, Tournefbrt. The Arabic name of the 
plant. Linn. 17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Fatacece. 
Manna. These interesting plants must have 
the protection of the greenhouse in winter. 
They grow best in sandy loam and peat ; and 
young' cuttings in sand under a glass in heat 
will root ; but seeds when obtainable, sown in 
a hotbed, make the best plants. Manna is 
a natural exudation from the leaves and 
branches of A. maurdrum, and is yielded only 
in hot weather. Synonymes : 1, Hedysarum 
Pseudo-A lhagi. Mdrma cdspicet, ; 2, H. alhagi, 
M&nna hebrawa. 

camelbrum . . Bed . 7, P. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1816 
maurbrum . . Bed . 7, G. Bv. S. 2 Egypt, . 1714 

Alibertia, A. Richard. In honour of M. 
Alibert, a famous French chemist. Linn. 5, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Cinchonacece. An interesting 
tree, which may be referred to Hamilia, for 
culture and propagation. Synonyme: Mela- 
■nopsidium nigrum,. 64nipa idulis, Gard&nia 



edittis . . . Cream-eld. 6, S. Bv. T. 12 Guinea . 182S 

Alicant soda. See Salsbla. 

ALfsMA, Linn. The name is of Celtic origin, 
from alis, water. Water Plantain. Linn. 6, 
Or. 4, Nat. Or. Alism&cece. Pretty little 
aquatics ; for culture, &c, see Aclinocarpus. 
A. Plantago is recommended in hydrophobia, 
cordifblia . . White 7, S. Aq. P. 1 W. Ind. . 1810 
lanceol&ta . . Pur. w. 7, H. Aq. P. H Britain, wat. pi. 
natans . . . White 7, H. Aq. P. | Wales, wat. pi. 
parnassfefolia White 7, F. Aq. P. 1 Italy . . 1829 
parriflbra . . White 7, H. Aq. P. 1 N. Amer. . 181& 
Plantago . . Pur. w. 7, H. Aq. P. 1\ Britain, wat. pi. 
ranunculoldes Purple 8, H. Aq. P. i Britain, wat. pi. 
repens . . . W. pur. 8, H. Aq. P. i Wales, Wat. pi. 
trivialis . . White 7, H. Aq. P. li N. Amer. . 1816 

AlismAcsle, a natural order of very pretty 
water plants, principally with white flowers, 
occupying ditches both in temperate and tro- 
pical climates. 

Alism6rchis. See Caldnthe. 

Alkali, any substance which mingled with 
acid produces fermentation. 



Alkanet. See Anchusa tinctbria. 

AllamAnda, Willdenow. Named in memory of 
I>r. Frederic Allamand, professor at Leyden. 
Limn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Apocynaceoe. This 
handsome and free-flowering genus delights in 
rich loamy soil, and may be multiplied freely 
from cuttings in sand in moist heat. An 
infusion of the leaves makes a valuable cathar- 
tic. Synonymes.: 1, A. Limn&i'j 2, Nirium 
tinctbrium. 

Aubletii . . . Tel. 6, S. Bv. S. 10 Guiana . 1785 

■ cathartica 1 . . Yel. 7, S. Bv. S. 12 Guiana . 1785 

grandifl5ra2 . . Yel. 6, S. Ev. CI. 12 Brazil . . 1844 

neriifblia . . . Yel. 6, S. Bv. S. 8 S. Amer. . 1847 

Paraguayensis . Yel. 7, S. Bv. S. 4 Paraguay . 1848 

Schbttii . . . Yel. 9, S. Ev. S. 10 Brazil . . 1847 

vertieillita . . Yel. 6, S. Ev. CI. 4 S. Amer. . 1812 

Allant6dia, Bot. Reg. The cylindrical in- 
dusia resembles a kind of pudding called 
a sausage, hence the derivation of the name, 
from allantos, a sausage. Linn. 24, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Polypodiacece. Ornamental species 
of ferns ; for culture, &c, see Polypbdium. 
Synonymes: 1, Polypidiv/m axillare; 2, P. 
umbrbsum. 

australis . . . Brn. . 7, G. Her. P. 1 V. Die. L. 1820 
axillaris 1 . . Brn. . 7, G. Her. P. 2 Madeira . 1779 
strigbaa . . . Bra. all, S. Her. P. 2 Madeira . 1848 
tenera .... Bra. . 7, G. Her. P. 1 N. Hell. . 1820 
umbrbsa 2 . .-Brn. . 7, G. Her. P. 4 Madeira . 1779 

AllArdtia, Becaisne. Meaning unknown. 
Limn,. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asteraeece. For 
cultrire see Chrysanthemum. 

. . Blue . H. Her. P. 



AlliAria, Adanson. The name refers to the 
strong garlic smell ; and is derived from 
allium, garlic. Linn. 15, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Bras- 
sicacece. Mere weeds, of the simplest culture. 
Synonyme: 1, Er$simwm alliaria — brachy- 
earpa, officinalis, 1. 

Alligator apple. See Anisna palitstris. 

Alligator pear. See Pirsea gra'tissimd. 

Allionia, Linn. In memory of Charles 
Allioni, a botanist at Turin. Linn. 4, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Nyctaginanece. These interesting 
annuals delight in saady peat or loam. 

incamata . . Flesh . 8; H. A. 1 Cumana. 1820 
ovata .... Purple .' 7,,H. A. 1 N. Amer. 1827 

violacea . . . Violet . 7, Hi A. 1 Cumana . 1820 

Allium, Linn. Derived from the Celtic all, 
signifying hot, or burning. Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Liliacece. Most of the species are 
pretty. They succeed in common soil, and 
increase abundantly from offsets. The Onion, 
Leek, Garlic, Shallot, Chives, &c, all agree in 
their stimulant, diuretic, and expectorant 
effects, differing in degree of activity. Syno- 
nymes: 1, A. carneum ; 2, Amaryllis cdspia, 
CHnum cdspium; 3, Allium campistre ; 4, A. 
flaviscens ; 5, A. f&tidum; 6, A. baicalinse, 
spirale, seniscens ; 7, A. rbseum, amblguum; 
8, A. paniculatum; 9, A. monspessulanum ; 
10, A. tartdricum; 11, A. iririscens ; 12, A. 
scorodoprasum ; 13, Scttla paradtixa; 14, A. 
paniculatum; 15, A. vineale ; 16, A. stel- 
latumdlbum, angulbsum; 17, A. bis&lcum ; 
18, A. tenuifblium ; 19, A. glaucum, paMstre; 
20, OmitJibgalumgramineum; 2\,A.dejUxum ; 



ALL 



22 



ALL 



22, A. ambbguvm, graminifblium, ericet&rvm ; 

23, A. ciliatwm; 24, A. Ampeloprasum ; 25, 
Caloscdrdon nerineflorum; 26, Caloscdrdon ex- 
sertum; 27, A. cocrHlewm; 28, A. nudicaule, 
29, 4. ~ 



acuminatum . Redwh. 7, 
acut&ngulum . Bed 
acutifl&rum. . Bed 
acutum . . . Bed 
albidum . . . White . 6, 
amdanum 1 . . Bed . . 5. 
ampeloprasuin Purple . 7, 
Andersoni . Purple . 6 
angulosum . . Lt. pur. 6, 
arenarium . . Purple . 6. 
ascal6rjicum . Purple. 6, 
majus . . Purple . 7, 
asperum . . . Purple . 8, 
atropurpureum Dk.pur. 7, 
azureum 27 . . Blue . 10, 
Babingtohii . Red 
brachystemon . White . 6,. 
ceeruleum . . Blue 
canadenso . . Purple . 6, 
carinatum . . Gn. yel. 5. 
carneum . . . Pa. pur. 6, 
carolinianum . Red . 
caspium 2 . White 
caucasicum. . White 
Cepa .... White 
aggregatum . White 
pauciflbrum . White 
cepeefbrme . . White 
cernuum . . Red . 
Chamasm&ly . White 
ciliatuni . . . White 
cinereum . . Straw 
Clusianum . . White . 7. 
confertum 3 . Purple . 8,' 
congestum . . Purple . 5. 
controversum . Purple. 6. 
Coward . . . White . 6', 
danubiale . . Red 
denudatum 4 . Wh. red 8' 
descendens . 



erectum 
eu6smum 28 
exsertum 26 
Fischeri . 
fistulosum 
flavum . 
flexum 5. 
foliolbsum 
fragrans . 
fuscum . 



. Dk.pur. 7 ; 
. White . 6i 
. White . 6. 
. White . 7\ 
. lilac 
. Gn. yel. 4, 
. Yellow. 6. 
. Dk.pur. i, 
. Purple 
. White . 9. 
. Brown. 7. 



glandulbsum 29 White . 6. 
glaueum 6 . Pink 



globbsum 
gracile . 
guttatum 
Halleri 
illyricum 



. Purple . 8 
. White . 8, 
. White . 7, 
. Pa. red 7, 
. Purple . 7, 



incarnatum 7 . Bed 
intermedium 8 White . 8, 
juneifblium . White . 5. 



laxutn 
lineare . 
littbreum 9 . 
longifblium . 



. Red 
. Wh. red 6. 
. Purple . 7, 
Dk.pur. 7, 



longispathum . Brown . 7j 
magicum . . Gn. wh. 6, 
majale . . White . 6, 

medium . . . White 
Mdly .... Yellow. 6. 
montanum . . Red. 7, 
moschatum . . W. pur. 8, 
mutabile . . Red. . 7, 
rnultindrum . Red 
norcissiflbrum . Purple . 6, 
neapolitanum . White . 6. 
nenneflbrum25 Rose . 7'. 
nigrum . . . White . 7 
nudicaule . . White . 7 
nutans . Red. 7, 



H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. BL P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
5. Bl. P. 
H.B1.P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H.B1.P. 
H. BL P. 
H. Bl. P. 



1 Californ. 1840 
1 1816 

1 France . 1819 
1 1819 

i Crimea . 1820 



Prance . 1821 

2 England, hills 
1 Siberia . 1818 
1 Germany 1739 

§ Britn. moi.wo. 

J Palestine 1546 

i S. Bur. 

J S. Bur. . 1800 
1 Hungary 1821 
1 Altai . . 1830 

3 Britain, rocks 
1 Europe . 1819 

J Russia . 1840 
i N. Amer. 1739 
| Bngld. rocks 



1816 
N. Amer. 1818 
Crimea . 1822 
Caucasus 



. 1822 
. 1829 
. 1803 



1 

1 

1 

1 

3 

3 

3 

1 1824 

1 N. Amer. 1806 

| S. Bur, . 1774 

J Naples 

I Siberia 

I S. Bur. 
1 Europe 
1} Siberia . 1818 
1 1816 

J Chile . . 1823 
1 Germany 1818 
1 Siberia . 1819 
1 Switzerl. 1796 

i C. G. H. . 1823 
1 Brazil . 1829 

I Russia 
1 Siberia 
1$ Siberia 
1 Austria 
1 
1 

1J W. Ind. 
1 Hungary 1820 
1 Mexico . 1829 

J Siberia . 1800 
1 Caucasus 1821 
3 Carolina 1776 
1} Odessa . 1819 
1 S. Eur. . 1818 
1J Austria 



. 1818 



. 1759, 



1817 
. 1822 



Greece 
S. Eur. 
Chile. 
Siberia 
Siberia 
Italy. 
Mexico 
lb Prance 

1 Austria 

2 Italy . 

1 Hungary 1820 

2 S. Bur. . 1604 
1J Greece . 1818 

i 8. Bur. . 1823 
1 N. Amer. 1824 
I N. Africa 1800 
1 France . 
1 Naples 

i Chusan 



1820 
1812 
1827 
1S20 
1817 
1752 
1818 
1826 
1810 
1596 
1824 



Brazil 
Siberia 



1823 

1843 
1818 
1829 
1785 



obllquum . 
ochroleucum 
odbrum 10 . 
oleraceum 11 
Ophiosc6ro- 
donl2 . 
oxypetalum 
PalMsii . . 
pallens . . 
paniculatum 
paradoxum 13 
parviflorum 
pedemontanum Red" 
pendulmum . White 
Porrum- . . 
prolfferum 
prostratum . 
pruniatum . 
pulchellum 14 . Scarlet 
pulchrum . . Yellow 
Purshii 15 . . Pink 
pwsfllum. . White 
ramosum . . Pa. yel. 
reticulatum 16 . White 



. White . 
. Cream . 
. White 
. Pa. yeL 

1 Pa. red 

. White . 
. Red. . 
. Pale. . 
. Pale. . 

White . 

Purple . 



. White . 
White . 
. Red . . 
. Red. 



roseum 
rottindum 
rubellum 
rtlbens 17 . 
rubicundum 
rupestre . 
sativum . 



Pa. pur. 
. Purple. 

Bed . . 
. Purple . 
. Red . . 
. Red. . 
. White . 

White . 

SO suTir". I™** " 
Scorodoprasum Lt. pur. 

scorzonerae- 1 v ,, 

f61ium } Yellow, 

seneseens . White . 
serotlnum . . Red . . 
sibiricum 19 . Pa. red 
siculum . . . Gn.pur. 
sphserocepha- > ^ , 

lum ; . | Red - • 



spirale . 
spurium . . 
stellatum . 
striatellum 20 
striatum 
strictum 21 . , 
suaveblens 22 



White 

Purple. 6, 

Lilac , 

Wh.yel. 

White 

Pink 

White 



4 

5, 
. 7. 



subhirsutum 23 White . 



Synn6tii . 
tartaricum . 
tenuinbrum 
tric6ccum . 
trique"trum . 
ursrnum . . 
verrucdsum 
Victoriale 



Pa. red 7 
. White . 6 
. Pink . 7 
. White . 7 
. White . 5 
. White . 4 
. Pa. pur. 5 

Gn. yel. 5. 



angustif 61ium Gn. yeL 4, 

vmeale . . . Purple. 6, 

violaceum . . Violet . 6, 

Waldstemii 24 . Purple . 6. 



H. Bl. P. 1J Siberia . 1759 
H. BL P. 1 Hungary 1816 
H. Bl. P. 1 S. Bur. . 1828 
H. Bl. P. 1 Bnglnd. co. fl. 

Greece . 



H. Bl. P. 

H. BL P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 



1 
1 

1 

1 S. Eur. 
$ Russia 

2 S. Eur. 
2 S. Bur. . 1780 

1 Caucasus 1823 
1 S. Eur. . 1781 

1 Piedmnt. 1817 
i Italy . . 1825 

2 Switzerl. 1562 



. 1818 

. 1819 

1779 



3 



1820 



k Siberia 
H. Bl. P. 1 j Spain . 1819 
H. Bl. P. 1 Tauria . 1810 
H. Bl. P. 1 S. Eur. . 
H. Bl. P. 2 N. Amer. 1818 
H. Bl. P. £ Italy . . 1826 
H. Bl. P. 1 Siberia . 1819 
H. Bl. P. 1 N. Amer. 1800 
H. Bl. P. 1 France . 1752 
H. Bl. P. 1£ S. Bur. . 1820 
H. Bl. P. | Caucasus 1825 
H. Bl. P. | Germany 1805 
H. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1804 
H. Bl. P. 1$ Crimea . 1824 
H. Bl. P. l| Sicily . 1548 
H. Bl. P. 1 Crimea . 1823 

H. Bl. P. J Britain, mea. 

H. Bl. P. 3 Denmark 1598 

H. Bl. P. | S. Eur. . 1820 

1 Germany 1596 



H. Bl. P. 
H. BL P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 



1 Switzerl. 1820 
1 Siberia . 1777 
1 Sicily. . 1832 

H. BL P. li Europe . 1759 
H. Bl. P. | Germany 1802 
H. Bl. P. 1 Siberia . 1820 
H. Bl. P. $ N. Amer. 1811 
H. Bl. P. 1J Chile . . 1823 
H. Bl. P. 1 Carolina 1800 
1 1821 

1 Austria . 1801 
1 S. Bur. . 1596 
14 C. G. H. . 1825 
J Siberia . 1787 
1 Italy . . 1824 
i N. Amer. 1770 
| Spain . 1789 
1 Britain, wds. 
H C. G. H. . 1825 
1J Austria . 1739 
1 Scotlnd. mea. 
1 Britain, mea. 
1 S. Bur. . 1823 
H. Bl. P. 2 Hungary 1826 



H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. 
H. Bl. 
H. Bl 
H. Bl. 
H. BL 
H.BL 
H.BL 
H. Bl. P. 
F. BLP. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 
H. Bl. P. 



Alloplectus, De Cand. From alios, diverse, 
and pleJcein, to plait or fold. Linn. 14, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Gesneraceas. A genus of interesting 
plants, requiring similar treatment to Gesnira 
and Gloxinia. Synonymies: 1, BesUriaMcolor ; 
2, A . ScMltii, A . sparsifldrus, Besldria dftchrous, 
Hypocprta discolor ; 3, H. gldber ; 4, Macro- 
chldmys, Patrlsii; 5, Eypocyrta spUndens, 
Coltimnea zebrlna, Hypoc$rta discolor. 
blcolor 1 . . Yel. pur. 6, S. Ev. S. 1 N. Grenada 1840 
capitatus . . Yellow . 3, S. Ev. S. 
ohrysanthus . Yel. red 6, S. Bv. S. 
coucolor . . Scarlet . 8, S. Ev. S. 
congestus . s. Ev. S, 

dlchrous 2 . Pur. yel. 8, S. Ev. si 
Scarlet . 6, S. Ev. S. 

S. Bv. S. 

S. Ev. S. 

S. Ev: S. 

S. Ev. S. 



2 S. Amer. . 1847 

1 Columbia . 1854 

2 Brazil . . 1846 



gMber 8 
guttatus 
mvolucratus. 
Patrlsii 4 . 
pinelianus . 



2 Brazil . 
1 S. Amer. 



1845 
1847 



ALL 



23 



ALO 



rfepens . 
Schlimii 



E. P. de 
Linn. 5, 



. Yel. tan. 2, S. Ev. CI. i St. Martha 1845 
. Vlt. red 6, 8. Bv. S. IT. Grenada 1854 
8. Bv. 8. 
splendens 5 . Tel. pur. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 1 Brazil . . 1849 

Allos6rtjs, Berrihardi. Named from alios, 
various, and sows, heap ; in allusion to the 
changing of the sori. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Pblypodihce-as. An interesting native 
species of fern, of easy culture. Synonyme ; 
1, PUris crispa, Oswvimda erispa. See PUris. 
crispus 1 . . Brown . 7, H. Her. P. i Britain, rocks 

Allseed. See Polycdrpon. 

Allspice. See Oalyc&nthus. 

Allspice-tree. See Pi/mtnta. 

Almond. See Amygdalus. 

AlmeJdea, St. Hil. In honour of J. 
Almeida, a friend of M. St. Hilaire, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Rutacece. Stove shrubs, grow- 
ing in sandy loam and peat, and increased by 
cuttings under a glass in heat, 
rubra . . . Grim, red 9, 8. Ev. S. 5 Brazil . . 1849 

Alntjs, Towmefort. Compounded from al, near, 
and Ian, the edge of a river ; in allusion to the 
situation where the species grow. Linn. 21, 
Or. 4, Nat. Or. Betulaceas. Timber trees, 
thriving best in very moist situations. The 
wood is employed for under-water purposes, 
turnery, &c. ; the sap is yellow. They are 
propagated by layers or seeds, and the bark 
possesses the" tanning principle in a consider- 
able degree. Synonyme : 1, Bettila ovata. 
barbata . . . Aptl. 3, H. De. S. 20 Eussia . .1838 
canadensis . . Aptl. 6, H. De. T. 20 Canada . 
cordifbha . . . Aptl. 6, H. De. T. 20 Naples . .1813 
glailca .... Aptl. 6, H. De. T. 20 N. Amer. . 1820 
glutinosa. . . Aptl. 4, H. De. T. 25 Britain, wat. pi. 
emarginata. . Aptl. 4, H. De. T. 25 gardens 



f&Iiis-variegatis Aptl. 4, H. De. T. 25 gardens 
inclsa. . . . Aptl. 4, H. De. T. 25 gardens 
laciniata . . . Aptl. 4, H. De. T. 25 gardens 
quercifSlia . . Aptl. 4, H. De. T. 25 gardens 

incana .... Apt! 6, H. De. T. 20 Europe . 1780 
angulata. . . Aptl. 6, H. De. T. 20 
pinnata . . . Aptl. 6, H. De. T. 25 Europe . 

iorullensis . . Aptl. H. De. T. 20 Mexico 

macrocarpa . . Aptl. 6, H. De. T. 20 

maerophylla . . Aptl. 6, H. De. T. 20 

obcordata. . . Aptl. 3, H. De. S. 10 Eussia . .1838 

oblongata . . . Aptl. 6, H: De. T. 20 8. Eur. . 1730 
elliptica . . . Aptl. 6, H. De.T. 20 

oxyacanthifolia. Aptl. 6, H. De. T. 20 



. Aptl. 6, H. De. T. 10 

. Aptl. 6, H. De. X. 20 

. Aptl. 3, H. De. T. 20 N. Amer. 

. Aptl. 6, H. De. T. 20 N. Amer. 

. Aptl. 6 H. De. T. 20 Siberia 

. Aptl. 4, H. De. T. 23 

. Aptl. 6, H. De. T. 20 N. Amer. 

„ Aptl. 5, H. De. 8. 6 Hungary . 1820 

Alocasia, Smith. A slight alteration of Colo- 
casia. Linn. 21, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Aracece. 

8. Tu. P. 

, S. Ev. S. China 

S. Tu. P. Borneo 
S. Tu. P. 

S. Tu. P. Japan 

S. Tu. P. Borneo 
8. Tu. P. 

S. Tu. P. Borneo 

S. Tu, P. Phillipp. Is. 

Derived from alloeh, the Arabic 
name for this genus. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Liliacece. Very interesting and curious 
succulent'plants, thriving well in open sandy 



pumila . 
rubra . . 
rugdsa . . 
serrulata . 
Sibirica" . 
subrotunda 
undulata . 
viridis 



albo violacea 
cucullata . 
L6wii . . 
macrorblza 
variegata 
metallica . 
Pbrtei . . 
Veitehii . 
zebrlna 

VLOE, Linn. 



Green . 
White 



Ro.pur. 



1769 

1820 



. 1782 



. 1816 
. 1862 



. 1859 



loam and peat, mixed with a little reduced 
manure ; the pots must be well drained and 
the plants cautiously watered, especially in 
winter. They increase by suckers, or leaves 
laid on, or very slightly planted in a pot of 
mould. Socotrine aloes are principally ob- 
tained from A. spicata and A. socotrina. Sy- 
nonymies: 1, A. hiimilis; 2; A. mWrarfbrmis ; 
3, A. hiimilis, incd/roa; 4, A. picta ; 5, A. 
striata ; 6, A. iarbad&nsis. See Aptcra, Hawor- 
ihia, PachitUndron, Phylldma, ■ and Rhipido- 
dlndron. 



acuminata 1 . 
albicans 

albispina . . 

albocincta . . 

arborescens . 

aristata . . . 

brevifblia . . 

cassia . - . . 

elatior . . 
chinensis . 

ciliaris . . . 

Commellni 2 . 
depressa 

diehot oma . . 
distans . 



. Oran. 4, G. Ev. S. 
. Gn. w. 8. Sue. 8. 
. Scarlet 6, G. Ev. S. 
Oran. 6, G. Ev. S. 



renexa 
echinata . 
flavispina . 
frutescens . 



. Red 
. Oran. 
. Oran. 
. Oran. 
. Red . 
.Yel. . 
. Eed . 
. Eed 
. Oran. 
. Eed 
. Eed 
. Red . 



8 C. G. H. 1795 
1 C. G. H. 1795 
7 C. G. H. 1796. 
3 Africa . 1812 



6, G. Ev. S. 12 C. G. H. 1731 



rhodacantha 
gracilis . . . 
humilis . . 
inctirva 3 . . 
latifolia . . 
lineata . . . 

glaucescens . 
micracantha . 
mitrsef&rmis . 
ndbilis . . . 
obscura 4 

glaucior . . 

magnidens . 
pallescens . . 
paniculata 5 . 
pluridens . . 
prolifera . . 

major . . . 
purpurascens 
saponaria . . 

luteo-striata 
serra .... 
serrulata . . 
socotrina . . 
spicata . . . 
spinosior . . 
strlatula . . 
suberecta . . 

semiguttata. 
subtuberculata 
tenuifolia . . 
tenuior . 
tuberculata . 
variegata . . 
vlrens ... . 
vulgaris 6 . . 
xanthacantha 



5, G.Her.P. 

6, G. Ev. 8. 

7, G. Bv. 
6, G. Ev. 
6, G. Ev. 

6, G. Bv. 
G. Ev. 

8, G. Ev. 

7, G. Ev. 
7, G. Ev. 
7. G. Ev. 

7, G. Ev. 
G. Bv. 

8, G. Ev. 
6, G. Ev. 

4, G. Ev. 

5, G. Ev. 

6, G. Ev. 

4, G. Ev. 

5, G. Ev. 
Scarlet 7, G. Ev. 
Scarlet G. Ev. 



. Red 
. Red . 
. Red . 
. Red . 
. Red . 
. Oran. 
. Oran. 
. Oran. 



. Scarlet 
. Pink. 7. 
. Red . 
. Blue . 8. 
. Red . 7. 
. Red . 7; 
. Red . 7, 
. Eed . 7, 
. Scarlet 7. 
. Eed . 7 
. Oran. 4. 
. Oran. 4, 
. Purple 8. 
. Red . 7. 
. Red . 7. 
. Oran. 7. 
. Red . 7'. 
. Red . 8, 
. Red 
. Red 
. Red 
. Scarlet 4 
. Oran. 5, 
. Oran. 
. Oran. 
. Yellow 6 
. Oran. 4 
. Pink 
. Yellow 8i 
. Yellow 6. 
. Oran. 



G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G. Bv. 
G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G. Bv. 
G. Ev. 
G.Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G.Ev. 
G.Ev. 
G.Ev. 
G.Ev. 
G. Bv. 
G.Ev. 
G.Ev. 
G.Ev. 
G.Ev. S. 
G.Ev. S. 
G.Ev. S. 
G. Ev. S. 
G.Ev. 8. 
G.Her.P. 
G.Ev. S. 
G.Ev. 8. 
G. Bv. S. 
G.Ev. 
G. Bv. 
G.Ev. 



C. G. H. 1801 
3 C. G. H. 1810 
5 C. G. H. 1818 

5 C. G. H. 1821 
3 C. G. H. 1821 
3 C. G. H. 1821 

3 C. G. H. 1819 

6 C. G. H. 1731 
6 C. G. H. 1780 
6 C. G. H. 1732 
6 C. G. H. 1820 
6 C. 6. H. 1820 
6 C. G. H. 1S20 
6 C. G. H. 1793 
6 C. G. H. 1818 

4 C. G. H. 1731 

4 C. G. H. 1731 

2 C. G. H. 1822 

1 C. G. H. 1731 

5 C. G. H. 1795 

6 C. G. H. 1795 
5 C. G. H. 1789 

5 C. G. H. 17S6 

3 C. G. H. 1819 

6 C. G. H. 1732 
5 C. G. H. 1800 
3 C. G. H. 1819 
3 C. G. H. 1819 

3 C. G. H.' 1820 

4 C. G. H. 1820 
S. 5 C. G. H. 1795 
S. 3 C. G. H. 1823 
8. 3 C. G. H. 1819 
S. 3 C. G. H. 1819 
S. 12 C. G. H. 1789 
S. 4 C. G. H. 1727 
S. 4 C. G. H. 1821 
S. 4 C. G. H. 1818 
S. 7 C. G. H. 1789 
S. 12 C. G. H. 1731 
S. 4 C. G. H. 1795 
S. 3 C. G. H. 1820 
S. 3 C. G. H. 1821 
S. 5 C. G. H. 1789 
S. 5 C. G. H. 1819 

2 C. G. H. 1620 

3 C. G. H. 1821 

3 C. G. H. 1821 

4 C.G.H. 1796 
4 C. G. H. 1790 
3 C. G. H. 1790 

S. 12 C. G. H. 1596 
S. 3 C. G. H. 1817 



Aloe-wood, or Lion Aloes. See Aquilaria. 
Al6mia, Kunth. The name is gathered from a, 

privative, and loma, a fringe. Linn. 19, Or. 

1, Nat. Or. Asterdcece. An ornamental dwarf 

evergreen ; grown in sandy loam, and increased 

from cnttings. 

ageratoldes . . White 7,. F. Ev. P. 1* N. Spain 1824 
Al6na, Lindley. Primitive name, Nolana — 

letters transposed ; from nola, a little bell. 



ALO 



24 



ALS 



intermedia . Scarlet . 
linearis 2 . . Scarlet . 
Warcsewicaii . Scarlet . 



Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Nolanaeeee. Fine 
shrubby plants allied to Nolana, bearing large 
sky bine lowers. Ordinary greenhouse treat- 
ment is only required ; and A. cceUslis is a 
■useful and showy plant for bedding out in the 
flower garden. 

baccata . . . Yellow 7, G. Ev. S. 2 Coquimbo 
caelestis . . . Blue . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 Chili . . 4843 
*carnosa . . . Blue . 7, G. Ev. S. 1$ Coquimbo 
glandulusa . . Blue . ,7, G. Ev. S. 2 Valparaiso 
longifoHa . . Blue . t, G. Ev.'S. 2 Coquimbo 
■obtftsa . . . Blue . :7, G. Ev. S. 1£ Coquimbo 
revoluta . . . Blue . 7, G. Ev. S. 1J Peru . . 
jostrata . . . Blue . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 Coquimbo 
tomentbsa . . White 7, G. Ev. S. 2 Valparaiso 

Alons6a, Ruiz and Pavon. So named after 
'Zanoni Alonso, by the authors of the Flora 
Peruviana. Linn. 14, Or. 2, .Nat. Or. Scm- 
phulamacete. These pretty free-flowering 
species, which make such an interesting show 
in the flower-garden, may be successfully 
grown -in rich mould ; and multiplied plenti- 
fully from cuttings or seeds. Syncmymee: I, 
ffemimeris urticifbfia, Cilsia urticifdlia j 2, 
■Odlsia linearis, Memimeris coccinea. 
acutifolia . . Scarlet . 6, G. Ev. S. 3 Peru . . 1790 
•eaulialata . . Scarlet , 6, F. Her. P. 3 Chile . 1828 
incisif&lia 1 . Scarlet . 6, G. E<r. S. 2 Chile . 1795 

6, G. Ev. S. 2 Hybrid . 
. 6, G. Ev. S. 2 Peru . . 1790 

6, F. Ev. S. 2 

ALOPEotrRUS, Willdenow. Called the fox-tail 
grass ; hence the name from alopex, ' a fox, 
and oura, a tail. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Graminacaz. Usefal species of grass. A. 
pratinsis possesses -the requisites of quantity, 
quality, and oarliness, in a superior degree. 
Any garden soil, divisions, or seeds, 
alphius . . . Apetal . 6, Grass J Scotland, rocks, 
arundinaceus . Apetal . 7, Grass 2 Europe . . 1826 
braebystachys . Apetal . 7, Grass 1J Siberia . . 1820 
eolobachnoldes , Apetal . 7, Grass li Siberia . . 1826 
macrostaohys . Apetal . 7, Grass l| Barbary . 1826 
nigricans . . Apetal . 4, Grass 4 Europe . . 1815 

pratensis . . . Apetal . 7, Grass 2 Britain, mead. 
agrlstis, bulbbsus, echinatus, f&fous, genicula- 
tes, ramdsus, utriculatus, ventricbsus. 

Alotsia, Ortega. Named in compliment to 
Maria Louisa, Queen of Spain, by Don Antonio 
Palan, botanist at Madrid. Linn. 15, Or, 2, 
Hat. Or. Verbenacem. Justly esteemed for its 
citron-scented leaves, with which most people 
are acquainted. Bich mould suits it, and young 
cuttings strike freely in sandy soil. Synonyme; 
1, Verbena triphfilla. 
citriodora . . .Pa. pur. 8, G. De. S. 3 Chile . 1794 

Alpise brook plant. See Saxifrdga rivularis. 

AufNiA, Linn. In memory of Prosper Alpini, 
an Italian botanist. Limn. 1, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Zingiberaeem, These handsome species, to 
succeed well, require rich sandy soil, and to 
he grown at large in a hot humid atmosphere. 
They are increased by divisions at the roots. 
The root or rhizoma of A. racemdsa and 
Galdnga, are aromatic. Synonymes : 1, Car- 
damdmum mldium ; 2, A. bracteata. 

2, S. Her. P. 2 E. Ind. . 1796 
5, S. Her. P. 4 W. Ind. 1826 
S. Her. P. 4 E. Ind. . 1814 
5, 8. Her. P. 2i E. Ind. . 1824 
9, S. Her. P. 3 E. Ind. . 1800 



Allughas . . Red . 

antiUarum . Flesh 

aurlculata . Red. yel. 

bracteata. . White 

calcarata . . White 



Ca muS 6 ". jWkft 6 .■8,-S.HOT.T. fl E. Ind. . 1815 

cernua '. .Pink. . 4,-S. Her. P. ,6 E. Ind. . 1804 

comdsa . .White . 5, S. Her. P. 1 -Caraccas 1752 

diffissa . . P.ur.bl.y. 4, S. Her. P. 1 E. Ind. . 1818 

cx.il rat a . . Red yel. S. Her. P. 1 Surinam 1820 

Galanga . . Wht.ye'1.10, S. Her. P. 6 %. Ind. . 

"linguseformis Red . . --7, S. 'Her. 'P. 2 E. Ind. . 1820 

magnifiea .Red . . 7, S. Her. P. 10 Maurit. 1830 

malacciSnsis . White . 4, S. Her. P. 5 E. Ind. . 1799 

medial . .Red . . 7, S. Her. P. 1 E. Ind. . 1815 

mutica . .White . 8, S. Her. P. 5 E. Ind. . 1811 

(nutans . .Pink . 5, S. Her. -P. 13 E. Ind. . 1792 

occidentalis . White 7, S. Her. P. 6 Jamaica 1793 

penicillata . Pink . 5, G.Her. P. 2 China . 

•pnnicea . . Scarlet . 6, S. Her. P. 1 E. Ind. . 1820 

•racem6sa . White . 8, S. Her. P. 5 W. Ind. 1752 

Roscoeana 2 . Red . 5, S. Her. P. li E. Ind. . 1823 

spicata . . S. Her. P. 2 Sumatra 1822 

striata S. Her. P. 2 m. Ind. . 1818 

tubulata . . Red . . 7, S. Her. P. 2 Demera. 1820 

ALsfara, Linn. 'The name is derived from ahos, 
signifying a shaded place ; in allusion to the 
situation the plant thrives best in. Linn. 5. 
Or. 3, Nat. Or. Caryophyllacece. Curious 
plants of simple culture.. Synonyme ; 1, Sper- 
gularia segetalis. 

iaricifalia . . White 7, H. .Her. P. i .Siberia . 1834 
molluginea . White 7, H. A. 1 Spain . 1816 

mucronata . White 7, H. A. 1 S. Eur. . 1777 

pubescens . . White 7, H. A. 1 . 1810 

segetalis . . White 7, H. A. 1 France . 1805 

MHia. 

A-LSODiSiA, Bu Petit Thouars. Derived from 
alsodes, leafy ; in reference to the plants being 
thickly beset with leaves. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Violacece. These ornamental species 
succeed in a mixture of loam and peat, and 
propagate freely from cuttings in sand, 
arhorea . " White 6, S. Ev. T. 20 Madagas. . 1823 
latifdlia . White 6, S. Ev. S. 6 Madagas. . 1824 
paucif&ra . White 6, S. Ev. S. 4 Madagas. . 1824 
pubescens . White -6, S. Ev. S. 6 Madagas. . 1825 

Als6phila, Bot. Reg. The name refers to the 
habitat' of the plant, and is gathered from 
■alsos, grove, and phileo, to love. Linn. 24, 
•Or. 1, Nat. Or. Potypodiace.ce. These interest- 
ing species may be grown in peat and loam, 
.and -increased by divisions. 

australis . . Brown G. Her. P. M". Holl. . 182S, 
excelsa . . Brown G. Her. P. 
Guianensis . Brown G. Her. P. 

Alst6nia, R. Brovm. In memory of Dr. Alston, 
a professor of medicine at Edinburgh. Linn. 
5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Apocynaceae. Pretty species ; 
for culture, &c, see Neriwm. Synonyme: 1, 
A. oleandrifblia, Neriwm iinctbrium. See 
also Symplbcos. 

plum&sa . . White . 5, G. Ev. S. 8 N. Caledonia 
scholaris 1 . White . 5, S. Ev. S. 20 E. Ind. . . 1824 
spectabilis . White . i, S. Ev. S. 20 Java . . . 1825 
venenata . White . 6, S. Ev. S. 25 E. Ind. . . 1825 

Alstr<emeria, Lirm. Named in honour of 
Baron Claudius Alstrcemer, a Swedish botanist. 
Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Amaryllidaeeos. The 
species of this beautiful genus, Sweet observes, 
"thrive best in a mixture of full one third 
sand, rather more than a third of turfy loam, 
and the rest turfy peat ; several species suc- 
ceed well out in the open air, planted about 
six inches deep, by the side of a south wall, 
in sandy soil." The stove species also succeed 
well in the same compost ; they are increased 



ALT 



25. 



ALY 



by dividing the roots, or by seeds, which must 
be sown as soon as ripe. A. IAgtu is delight- 
fully fragrant. A. Salsilla is diaphoretic and 
diuretic. From A. p&llida a kind of arrowroot 
is prepared in Chile. Synonymes: 1, Bomibria 
acutifblia ; 2, B. Caldasiana; 3, B. edtilis; 4, 
A. Hodkirii; 5, A. Simsii; 6, Bom&ria edalis; 
7, B. omldta; 8, A. versicolor. 
acutifblia 1 . Red yel. 9, F. Be. Tw. 6 Mexico . 1829 

aurea . . Red yel. 7, F. Do. Tw. 6 

maculata . Grn. red 7, F. De. Tw. 6 
aurantlaca S Orange . 6, G. Bl. P. 2 
Barclayana . Orange . 7, F. Tu. P. 
Berteroana Pa. pink 7, F. Tu. P. 
blcolor . . Or. spot. 9, B. Tu. P. 
Caldasii 2 . Tel. red 6, G. Tu. P. 
chilensis. . Pink . 7, F. Tu. P. 
chorillensis. Bo. yel. 7, F. Tu. P. 
edulis 3 . Red . . 7, S. De. Tw. 2 Trinidad. 1820 

El ^^ ba " W. spot 8, F. Tu. P. 2 Hybrid . 1835 

Flos-Martini Wh. pur. 6, S. Tu. P. 14 Chile . . 1822 

hajmantha . Or. red . 7, S. Tu. P. 14 Chile . 

hirteUa . . Red yeL 7, H. De. Tw. 4 Mexico 

lineatifldra . Pink . 7, G. Tu. P. " 

Ligtu. . 

magnlnca 

Neillii . 

nemordsa 

oculata 6 

ovata . . 

pallida . 

paucifldra 



Caraccas. 1889 
2 Valpar. . 1831 
3 

S Chile . . 
H Chile . . 1826 
1 Quintina. 1852 
H Chili . . 1834 
1 Peru . . 1843 



. Scarlet . 3, S. Tu. P. 
. Pa. pur. 7, S. Tu. P. 
. Pa. rose 6, G. Tu. P. 2 
. Red yel. 9, F. Tu. P. 2 
. Ro. pur. 6, G. De. CI. 2 
. Red yel. 6, H. De. Tw. i 
.Pink red 6, G. Tu. P. 2 
. Or. grn. 9, S. De. Tw. 2 
Pelegrlna . Stripe d . 7, G. Tu. P. 1 
plantagmea Or. yel. . 8, S. Tu. P. 1 
psittaclna . Crimson 9, F. Tu. P. 6 
pulchella 4 . Scarlet . 6, S. Tu. P. 3 
pilbsa . Scarlet 10, S. Tu. P. 1 
rosea 5 .. . Pink 7, S. Tu. P. 2 
Salsilla 7 . Gr.crim. 6, S. De. Tw. 6 



1830 

1824 

1 Peru . . 1842 

J Peru . . 1776 

i Coquim. . 1843 

! Mendoza. 1827 

: OrganMt. 1840 

Valpar. . 1831 

Chile . . 1824 

Chile . .1827 

Caraccas . 1823 

Peru . . 1753 

Brazil. . 1850 

Mexico -. 1829 

Chile . 

Chile . 

Peru . 

S. Amer. 



. 1822 



. 1824 
. 1806 



Alternanthera, B. Brovm. The name refers 
to the stamens being alternately fertile and 
barren. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Amaran- 
tctcecB. The biennial species of this interesting 
genus should be sown on a gentle heating hot- 
bed, in peaty soil. The stove and greenhouse 
species succeed well in any light rich soil, and 
propagate freely from cuttings. Synonyme: 
1, A. axillaris. 

7, S. Her. P. i B. Ayres 

7, S. Her. P. J Cumana 

7, 8. Her. P. 1 Trinidad 

7, G. Her. P. £ N. S. W. 

. Green 7, S. Her. P. 4 S. Amer. 

. White 7, S. Her. P. 4 E. Ind. 

7, G. Ev. S. 4 Peru . 

5, G. Her. P. i N. Holl. 

7, G. Her. P. 1 America . 1731 

7, S. Her. P. 4 Brazil. . 1818 

. White 7, S. Her. P. 1 Quito . 

. Brown 8, S. B. 4 E. Ind. 

. TeUow 6, S. A. 1 

alternate with anything men 



Achyrantha 
canescens 
caracasana . 
denticulata . 
ncoldes . . 
nlifbrmis . 
frutescens . 
nodifLbra 
polygonoldes 
procumbens 
sericea . . 



. White 

. White 

. White 

White 



White 

White 

. White 

White 



1732 
1825 
1819 
1822 
1821 

1820 
1826 



1778 
1823 



spinosa 1 

Alternating. 
tioned. 

AlthJsa, Linn. Derived from atthm, to cure ; 
from the medicinal qualities of some of the 
species. Linn. 16, Or. 8, Nat. Or. Malvaceae. 
Tall free-flowering plants : the biennial and 
annual kinds should be sown in the open 
border in spring, and transplanted when suffi- 
ciently strong. The herbaceous kinds may be 
increased by dividing the roots, or by seeds. 
A. rbsea, the parent of the many beautiful 
varieties of Hollyhock, yields a blue colouring 
matter equal to indigo. Synonymes : 1, A. 
Uuc&niha; 2, A. grandifldra. 



acaulis . . 


. Purple 7, H. 




A. 14 Aleppo 


1680 


cannablna . 


. Purple . 7, H. 
. Pink . 4, S. 


Her 


P. 6 


S. Eur. 


1597 


carib&a . . 




B. 3 


W. Ind. 


1816 


ficifblia . . 


. Orange 7, H. 




B. 6 


Levant 


1597 


nexudsa . 


. Pink . 7, H. 


Her 


P. 3 


E. Ind. 


1803 


Froloviana 


. Pink . 7, H. 




B. 6 


Siberia 


1827 


hirsuta . . 


. White . 7,H. 




A. 6 


Britain ch. pi. 


Ludwigii . 


. Pink . 7,'H. 




A. 6 


Sicily 


1791 


narbonensis 


. Pink . 8, H. 


Her 


P. 6 


S. Eur. 


1780 


nudifibra 1 


. White . 7, H. 


Her 


P. 6 


Siberia 


1827 


officinalis . 


. Flesh . 7, H. 


Her 


P. 6 


Brit. S 


Mar. 


pallida . . 


. Pa. red 7, H. 




B. 6 


Hungary 1805 


rbsea . . 


. Red . 8, H. 




B. 6 


China 


1573 


biluba 2 . 


. Red . 7, H. 




B. 6 


S. Eur. 




Sieberi . . 


. Purple 7, H. 




B. 6 


Sieily 


1829 


sinensis 


. Red . 7, H. 




A. 6 


China 


1818 


striata . . 


. White . 7, H. 




B. 6 






taurinensis 


. Red . 8, H. 


Her 


P. 6 


Turin 


1817 



AurfNGiA, Nororiha. Named in memory of 
Alting, a worthy. German botanist. Linn. 22, 
Or. 13, Nat. Or. PinAce.ce. These handsome 
growing trees attain a great magnitude and 
height, especially A. excilsa, which averages 
one hundred feet ; they prefer deep loamy 
soil ; and young plants may with care be 
struck from portions of the fully-ripened wood 
taken off at the joints, and planted in a 
pot of sand, under a glass, but not plunged or 
exposed to the sun. Seeds, when such can be 
obtained, produce the best plants. Syno- 
nyme : 1, Araucctria excilsa. 

Cunningham! . Aptl. 5, G. Ev. T. 100 N. Holl. . 1824 
excelsa 1 . . Aptl. 5, G. Ev. T. 100 Norfolk Is. 1796 

Al/rfssiMA, tallest, highest. 

Alum root. See Heuchera [comb. 

Alveolate, having the appearance of honey- 

Alvine, belonging to the intestines. 

Alysicarpus, Necker. Derived from alysis, a 
chain, and karpus, a fruit ; in allusion to the 
chain-like appearance of the legume. Linn. 
17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Fabacece. Plants of the 
simplest culture. Synonymes : 1, Jledgsaruiit, 
bupUurifdliwm, gfamineum; 2, B. mtmmulari- 
fblium ; 3, H. styracifblium ; 4. S. vaginale. 

bupleurifblius 1 Purple 7, S. Her. P. 2 E. Ind. . 1793 
monilifer . . Purple 7, S. Her. P. J E. Ind. . 1816 

nv/mmularifblius 2, styracifblius 3, vaginalis 4. 
Alyssum, Linn. Derived from a, privative, 
and lyssa, rage; from a notion among the 
ancients of the plant possessing the power of 
allaying anger. Linn. 15, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Brassicacew. These neat and interesting 
species are well adapted for ornamenting 
rock-work, or the front of flower-beds. They 
increase readily either from seeds, cuttings, or 
divisions, and grow well in any common soil. 
Synonymes: \,Kbniga marttima; 2, A. alpistre. 

. Yellow 6, H. Her. P. 1 S.' Eur. . 1825 

. Yellow 4, H. Her. P. 1 Switzerl. 

. Yellow 4, H. Ev. S. 4 Crete. 

. Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 1 Switzerl. 

. Lit. yel. 7, H. A. 1 Austria 

. Lil.yel. 7, H. A. 1 France 

. Yellow 7, H. Her. P. J Italy . 

Yellow 7, H. Ev. S. 1 Hungary 1820 

Yellow 7, H. Ev. S. 1 Hungary 1820 

Yellow 7, H. Her. P. J Italy . . 1820 

Yellow 7, H. B., 4 Spain .1791 

Yellow 4, H. Ev. S. 1 Europe 

Yellow 6, H. A. $ Tauria . 1817 

White 7, H. A. 1 Engl., sea. co. 

White 6, H. Ev. S. 1 Hybrid . 

Yellow 4, H. Her. P. J Caucasus 1820 



argenteum . 
atlanticum 
Bertolonii . 
calyclnum . 
campestre . . 
cuneifblium . 
dentatum . . 

variegatum . 
diffusum ■. . 
edentulum . . 
gemonense . . 
hirsutum . . 
maritimum 1 . 

variegatum . 

Marschalli- > 

anum 2 . j 



1817 
1823 
1740 
1768 

1820 



ALY 



26 



AMA 



P. i Eussia . 1836 

A. 1 Siberia . 1823 

Lil. yel. 7, H. A. i S. Bur. . 1791 

Yellow 6, H. Her. P. £ Germany 1713 

Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 1 Hungary 1820 



micranthum . Yellow 8, H. Ev, 

micrope'talum Yellow 6, H. 

minimum . 

montanum 

murale . . 

obtusifolium 

olympicum 

orientale . 

variegatum 
procumbens 
rostratum 
saxatile . . 

compactum 



P. 

P. , 
A. | Crimea 
S. 1 Candia 
S. * Candia 
S. i S. Bur. 
S. | Siberia 



1823 
1710 



1S22 
1818 



Yellow 4, H. Bv. S. f Tauria . 1828 

Yellow 6, H. Her. P. 1700 

Yellow 4, H. Ev. S. 1 Crete . . 

Yellow 4, H. Ev. P. 1 Gardens . 

. Yellow H. Bv. 

. Yellow 6, H. 

. Yellow 6, H. Ev. 

. Yellow 6, H. Ev. 

serpyllifblium Yellow 8, H. Ev. 

spatulatum . Yellow 4, H. Ev. 

tortubsum . . Yellow 4, H. Her. P. 1 Hungary 1804 

umbellatum . Yellow 7, H. A. 1 Tauria . 1821 

vernale . . . Yellow 6, H. Ev. S. J 1819 

Wulfenianum . Yellow 4, H. Her. P. J Carintbia 1819 

calydnum, campistre, halimifdlium, mieropi- 
talwm, minimum, minHtum, rostratum, ru- 
pistre, spindsum. 
Alyxia, R. Brown. Taken from alyxis, anx- 
iety ; in allusion to the heavy aspect of the 
plant. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Apoeyndcem. 
Curious species of easy culture, growing well 
in sandy loam mixed with a little peat, cut- 
tings of the ripened wood planted in a pot of 
sand under a glass, plunged, in heat, will root 
freely. Synonymes: 1, Oynopdgon Alexia, 
Alexia Fdrst&ri ; 2, A. Richardsdni. 
dapbnoldes . . White 4, G. Ev. S. 4 Norfolk Is. 1831 
Forsteri . . . White 7, G. Bv. S. 4 Norfolk ts. 1831 
Gynopbgon 1 . White 7, G. Ev. S. 4 Norfolk Is. 1831 
pugioniformis . White 8, G. Ev. S. 4 Moreton B. 1820 
ruscifblia 2 . . White 7, G. Ev. S. 4 N. Holl. . 1820 

Alzatea, Ruiz and Pavon. Named in honour 
of Joseph A. de Alzaty, a Spanish naturalist. 
Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Celastracece. An 
ornamental tree, for culture, &c. see Celaslrus. 
verticillata . . Gr. wh. 5, G. Ev. T. 10 Peru . . 1824 

Amabile, pleasing, amiable. 

Amada ginger. See Curcuma Amdda. 

Amadou. See Herndndia. 

Amalago. See Piper Amalago. 

AmXncaes. See Ismene Amdncaes. 

Amanita. See Agdricus muscarius. 

AmarACUS, Mosnch: Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Lamiacem. See Origanum. 

AMARANTACE2E. An order containing some 
very showy plants, but the greater part are 
only weeds, and not worth cultivating. 

Amaranth. See Amardnthm. 

AmarAnthus, Linn. Derived from a, priva- 
tive, and mairaino, to wither ; in reference 
to the length of time some of the flowers 
retain their bright colours. Linn. 21, Or. 5, 
Nat. Or. Amarantacece. Some species of this 
genus are pretty ; the hardy kinds merely 
require sowing in the open border ; the less 
hardy should be sown in a gentle-heating hot- 
bed, and when old enough, potted off singly, 
observing to give plenty of pot-room, good rich 
soil, and water. A. obtusifdlia is diuretic. 
Synonyme : 1, Ohenopddium caudatum. 



atropurpureus Purple 9, 



blcolor 

caracasanuB 

caudatus 

maximus . 
celosioldes . 
cruentus 
fasciatus 



. Red gn. 



, Bed. 

. Bed. 

. Bed. 

. Bed. 

. Dk. red 1, H. 

. Bed . 7, H. 



7, H. 



H. 
7, H. 



A. 2 
A. 2 
A. 3 
A. 4 
A. 4 
A. 4 
A. 3 
A. 2 



E. Ind. . 1820 
E. Ind. . 1S02 
Caraccas 1818 
E. Ind. . 1596 
1820 
S. Amer. 1818 
China . 1728 
E. Ind. . 1816 



flavus . . . 
" frumentaceus . 
hecticus . . . 
hypochondii- > 
acus . . j 
lancesefdlius . 
melancholicus . 
Tuber . . . 
oleraceus . . 
paniculatus 
pehdulus . . 
albus . . . 
sanguineus . . 
specidsus . . 
tricolor . . . 



Lt. yel. 


8, 


H 


Bed. 


8, 


H 


Pink 


8, 


H. 


Dk. red 7, 


H 


Bed. 


7, 


H 


Purple 


7, 


H 


Bed. 


7, 


G. 


Pa. red 


7, 


H 


Green 


8, 


H 


Red 


7, 


H 


White 


7, 


H 


Bed. 


K 


H 


Bed. 


7, 


H 


Red yel. 8, 


H 



A. 4 India . 
A. 3 E. Ind. 
A. 3 



.1750 

. 1823 

1796 



A. 5 Virginia 1684 



A. 3 E. Ind. 
A. 1J B. Ind. 
A. 2J Japan 



1S16 
1731 



A. 
A. 
A. 
A. 
A. 3 
A. 6 
A. 2 



E. Ind. . 1764 
N. Amer. 1798 



Bahama . 1775 
Nepal . 1819 
B. Ind. . 1548 



dlous, angustifdlius, Berchtdldii, BlUum, bid- 
IMus, campistris, caulifldrus, 
curvifdlius, deflixtts, gangtticus. 
grdcilis, 1 ; grcedsans, Jipbridus, 
incdmtus, interruptus, Icetus, Kneatus, Hvidus, 
mangosianus, pdllidus, parisiinsis, persica- 
rioides, polygdmus, polygonoides, potystdchys, 
prostrdtus, pumilus, retrofl&ms, rigidus, scdn- 
dens, specidsus, spicatus, spindsus, strtetus, syl- 
vistris, tenuifilius, tristis, tAridis, zam&nsis. 

AmaryllidAck£:. An order of beautiful bul- 
bous plants which have excited admiration in 
all ages. 

Amaryllis, Linn. The name of a nymph cele- 
brated by the poet Yirgil. Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or . Amaryllidaceas. This interesting and 
beautiful genus of bulbous plants may be suc- 
cessfully grown in the following manner : — The 
bulbs of the stove species should be turned 
out of the pots in autumn, and laid on a shelf 
or other dry place till spring, when they should 
be potted and introduced into the hothouse, 
giving them, as they progress, plenty of water. 
A. reticulata and striatifblia will not bear 
turning out, but flower better by remaining 
in their pots all the year. The greenhouse 
species must also be turned out of the pots 
and dried, and in the spring potted, and en- 
couraged to flower. The soil should comprise 
equal portions of turfy loam and peat, with 
a fair quantity of sand ; the pots should be 
drained well. They are increased by offsets 
from the bulbs. Synonymes: 1, Hippedstr&tn, 
aulicum; 2, Allium cdspium, Crmwm cdspium; 
3, Sprekilia formoeissima ; 4, SphoeroUle coo- 
cinea, PhycUla igfiea; 5, Crlnum latifoliwm; 
6, A. spectdbilis; 7, A. acmnindta; 8, Hippe- 
dstrumrobHstum; 9, A. Banksidna; 10, A. ma- 
raninsis; 11, A. vittdta, Harrisbni. See Bruns- 
lAgia, Cr'Utium, Ilabrdnthus, Hippedstrum, Ixio- 
lirion, Lycdris, Nerine, Phycilla, Pyrolirion, 
SprekUia, Vallbta, Zcphyrdnthes. 

Scarlet . 5, S. De. Bl. j Chili . . 1807 
P. yel. . 5, S. De. Bl. J Chili . 
Varieg. . 6, G. De. Bl. 1J Hybrid 
Red . . 6, S. De. Bl. ll Hybrid 
Drk. red 8, 8. De. Bl. 1 Hybrid 
Scarlet 12, S. De. Bl. 2 — ■ • • 
Gn. scar. 7, H. De. Bl. li 
platype'tala Orange . 8, B. De. Bl l) 

Banksiana . Pink 10, G. De. Bl. 2 

Belladonna . Bed . . 7, H. De Bl. 2 
pallida . . Flesh . 8, H. De. BL 2 

blahda . . Wh. pk. 8 G. De. Bl. H C. G. H. 

calyptrata . Green . 5, S. De. Bl. H Brazil. 

campanulata Pur. sc. 8, S. De. Bl. 2 Hybrid 

canalioulata Scarlet 8, S. De. Bl. H Hybrid . 1822 

Candida . . White . 9, H. De. Bl. f Peru . . 1822 



aclvena . 

cerlna . . 
amabilis . 
amdsna . 
atrorilbens 
augusta . 
auliea 1 



Hybrid 
,' Brazil. 
■ Brazil. 

C. G. H. 

Hybrid 

W. Ind. 



. 1821 

. 1822 

. 1821 

.1821 

. 1822 

. 1810 

. 1824 

. 1840 

.1821 

1712 

1754 

1816 

1822 



AMA 



27 



AME 



caspia 2 . . White . 4, 

coccinea . . Scarlet . 8, 

compficta . Red . 

consan- ) « „ a e 

guinea } Orange. 8, 

costata , • Striped 8, 

crispifldra . Scarlet . 6, 

crocata . . Vermil. 4, 

reglnse . , Scarlet . 5, 

decora . . Striped 7. 

delecta . . Drk. red 8, 

discolor . . Striped 8, 

equdstris. . Scarlet . 8, 

major . . Scarlet . 8, 

plena . . Scarlet . 8, 

expansa . . Drk. red 8, 

Forbesii . . Pur. w. 7, 

purpurea . Purple . 7j 

**£*. }Drk.rcd7, 
fulgida . . VermiL 4, 

vittata . . Violet . 4, 
glaucescens . Bed . 
grandifldra . Striped . 5, 
Hoddii . . Scarlet . 8; 
Ignea 4 . . Scarlet 11. 
ignusceiis . Flame . 6, 
imperialis . Scarlet . S, 
insfgnis 5 . Pink 
intermedia . Striped . 8. 
japonica . . Yellow . 7. 
Johnsdni 6 . Striped . 5j 
kermeslna . Carmine 6, 
laterltia . . Bed . 
macrantha . Bed . . 8 
magnlfica . 
marinensis . Bed . . 5, 
moluccana . Pink 
multistriata Striped . 8. 
nervifdlia . Pur. red 8, 
pallescens . Pur. red 7, 
patens . . Purple . 8. 
patentlssima Crimson 8, 
phosnfeea . Purple . i> ; 
princeps . . Scarlet . 8 ; 
prlncipis . . Scarlet . 8. 
procera . . Blue . 
psifctaclna . Grn. sc. 7, 

h^brida . Red gn. 4 } 
pudica . . Pink 
pulchra . Pur. w. 6 
pulveru- . > „ - - 

lentaT J ' 5 

pumilio . . Pink 10, 
punctata . . Pa. red . 8j 

pu ers rfis : }*=*■» 

quadrieolor . Striped . 8, 

recurvata . Striped. 5, 
recurvifldra Red . 

reglnsB . . Scarlet . 6. 

p iSr: } sc - iet ■ * 

vil.t lata . . Scarlet . 5, 
reticulata . Scarlet . 4 : 

striatifdlia. Purple . 4 
retifldra . . Scarlet . 6 
retinervia . Scarlet . 5, 
revoltlta . . Pink 
rfngens . . Red w. . 8j 
robusta 8 . Bed . 
rdse'o-alba . Red w. . 8. 
rubescens . Red . . 4. 
rubicunda . Red . . 6 ; 
rubro-crc-cea Redsaff. 8, 
rugdsa . Striped . 5, 

rutila . . . Scarlet . 4, 
sexmaculata Copper . 8. 
Slateritoa 9 . Red . 
Bolandreeftlia Pur. yel. 4 
spathacea . Red . . 8 
splendens . Scarlet . 5, 
stenantha . Red . ' . 4 ; 
striattfldra . Striped. 7, 
striatifolia . Purple . 8, 
" 1 10 ..Red . . 4. 



H. De. Bl. 1 Crimea 
S. De. Bl. H Hybrid 
S. De. Bl. 1 Hybrid 



S. De. Bl. 1 



S. De. 
G. De. 
S. De. 
S. De. 
S. De. 
G. De. 
S. De. 
S. De. 
S. De. 
S. De. 
S. De. 
G. De. 
G. De. 



Bl. 1J 
BL1J 
Bl. 1 
Bl. 1 
Bl. 1J 
BL1 
Bl. 1J 
Bl. 1 
Bl. H 
Bl. 1 
Bl. 1 
Bl. 2 
Bl. 2 



Hybrid 

Hybrid 
Hybrid 
Brazil. 
Hybrid 
Hybrid 
Hybrid 
Hybrid 
W. Ind. 
W. Ind. 
W. Ind. 
Hybrid 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 



1821 
1821 

1821 

1821 
1822 
1815 
1810 
1821 
1822 
1821 
1710 
1710 
1809 
1821 
1823 
1823 



G. De. Bl. | N. Amer. 1658 



De. Bl. 
De. BL 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
Bl. P. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. BL 
De. BL 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
Bl. P. 
De. BL 
De. Bl. 



1810 
1820 
1822 
1821 



f Brazil. 

| Hybrid 
1 Hybrid 
li Hybrid 
1 Hybrid 
1 Chili . 

1 Hybrid 

2 Hybrid 

3 E. Ind. 
1 Brazil . 
1^ Japan. 
1 Hybrid . 1810 

1 Brazil. . 1883 

2 Guiana . 1850 
1 Hybrid . 1822 



1S24 
1822 



. 1819 
. 1821 



1 Maranhao 1821 

2 Moluccas 1819 
1} Hybrid . 1822 
2 Hybrid 

1 C. G. H. 
1£ Hybrid 
1& Hybrid 
lj Hybrid 

2 Hybrid 

1 Brazil, 

2 Brazil. 
1$ Brazil. 
l| Hybrid 

i C. G. H. 
1 Hybrid 

1 Brazil . 



. 1821 

'. 1821 
. 1821 
. 1822 
. 1822 
. 1830 
.1864 
. 1816 
. 1820 
. 1795 
. 1823 

. 1819 



S. 
G. 
G. 
S. De. Bl. 

G. De. Bl. i C. G. H. . 1774 
S. De. BL 1 Hybrid . 1822 

S. De. Bl. 1$ Hybrid . 1822 

S. De. Bl. 1 Hybrid . 1822 

S. De. Bl. 1 Hybrid . 1822 

S. De. Bl. 1£ Hybrid . 1822 

S. De. Bl. 2 America . 1725 



S. De. Bl. 2 



De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. BL 
De. BL 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. BL 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. BL 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
BL P. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. Bl. 
De. BL 



Hybrid 

2 Hybrid 

1 Brazil 

1 Brazil 

1 Hybrid . 

1 W. Ind. . 

2 C. G. H. . 
H Hybrid . 
2 Brazil . . 

1 Hybrid . 

2 Hybrid 

2 Hybrid . 

1% Hybrid . 

1 Hybrid . 
9 Brazil. . 
| Hybrid 

2 C. 0. H. . 
1£ S. Amer. 
l| Hybrid . 
2 Hybrid . 
2 Hybrid . 
2 Hybrid . 
1 Brazil. 



1820 

1820 
1777 
1815 
1822 
1822 
1774 
1.821 
1849 
1821 

1S23 
1822 
1821 
1815 
1822 
1844 
1820 
1821 
1820 
1821 
1821 
1815 
1 Maranhao 1821 



yittata 

major , 
vittifera 



. 1823 
. 1821 
. 1821 
. 1822 
. 1822 
. 1821 
. 1821 
. 1821 
. 1821 
. 1769 
. 1774 
. 1823 



subbarbata . Scarlet . 8, S. De. Bl. 2 Brazil 
sulcata . . Striped . 5, S. De. Bl. 1 Hybrid 
superba . . Striped . 6, S. De. Bl. 2 Hybrid 
tortulifl&ra . Scarlet . 6, S. De. Bl. 1 Hybrid 
tortuosa . . Grn. sc. 8, S. De. Bl. L$ Hybrid 
undutefLdra Pur. w. 8, S. De. Bl. 1 Hybrid 
variabilis . Red w. 6, S. De. Bl. 1J C. G. H. 
variegata . Striped . 6, S. De. Bl. 1 Hybrid 
versicolor . Varieg, . 9, S. De. Bl. 1 Hybrid 

Striped. 4, G. De. Bl. 1 C. G. H. 

Striped. 6, G. De. Bl. 2 C. G. H. 

Striped. 4, S. De. Bl. 1J Hybrid 

Irmesley&na, attenvMa, 
iractedta, hrevifldra, hrevifolia, 
Colvillei, consobrina, coranika, atr 
prea, dioica, fldmmea, fUlma, gigdntea, imbuta, 
loutifblia, lineata 11, longifdlia, longifdlia- 
Qovinia,, miniata, mutdbilis, nerv&sa, obscAra, 
ornMa, pdllida,paUidifldra,pulveruUnta longi- 
pedwnculata, solandroefldra, S. purpur&scens, 
S. rubro-stri&ta, tat&rica, tricolor, unique 
Ackermdnni pulehirrima, VallUi, venbsa, Well- 
siana, seyldnica. 
Amas6nia, Linn. In memory of Thomas Ama- 
son, an American traveller. Linn. 14, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Verben&cece. These are interesting 
plants, and may he successfully grown in 
sandy loam, and increased from suckers. Syno- 
nyme: 1, Taligd.Ua camptsiris. 
erecta 1 . Yellow . 9, S. Her. P. 1£ Maranhao . 1823 
punlcea . Tel. scar. 9, S. Her. P. lj Trinidad . 1825 

Ama-tsia. See Eydrdngea. 

Ambekb6a, De Candolle. Linn. 19, Or. 3, Nat. 
Or. Aster&cece — spectdbilis. See Centaurea. 

Amber tree. See Anthosptrmum. 

Ambergl<5ttis or Ambltgl<5ttis. See Ca- 
l&nthe. 

Ambiguous, donhtful or uncertain. 

AMBLfRlON, Baf. Limn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or, 
Liliacece. See Fritill&ria. 

Ambrosia, Linnaeus. A poetical name, ex 
pressive of the food of the heathen gods, 
Linn. 21, Or. 5, Nat. Or. Asteracecs. Un 
interesting species of the simplest culture, 
Synonyme : 1, A . absinthifoliA — artemisiaefolia, 
cumanense, elatior, heteroplrylla 1, integrifblia. 
maritima, panicnlata, trifida. 

AMBROsfNiA. Named in honour of S.Ambro 
sini, Curator of the Botanic Garden, Bo 
logna. Linn. 21, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Ardcew. A 
hardy herbaceous plant requiring the same 
treatment as Arum. Synonyme: 1, Arum 



Btaii 1 . . .. Grn. pur. 5, H. Her. P. 1 S. Bur. . 1823 
Amelanohier, Medicus. According to Clusius, 
this is the only Savoy name for the Medlar. 
Linn. 12, Or. 2, Nat. Or. JPomdcece. These 
ornamental free-flowering hushes, make a gay 
display when standing in the distant part of 
pleasure-grounds. For culture &c, see Coton- 
edster. Synonymes : 1, Mispilus canadensis, 
Pf/rus sangulnea ; 2, Mispilus Amelanohier. 
Botryapium . . White 5, H. De. S. 8 N. Amer. 1746 
flfirida . . . White 5, H. De. T. 8 N. Amer. 1826 

parvifSlia . . White 5, H. De. S. 8 N. Amer. 
ovalis .... White 5, H. De. S. 8 N. Amer. 1800 

semi-integrifdlia White 5, H. De. T. 8 N. Amer. 

subcordata . . White 5, H. De. T. 8 N. Amer. 
racem&sa . . . White 5, H. Do. S. 8 China . 
sangulnea 1 . . White 5, H. De. S. 8 N. Amer. 1800 
vulgaris 2 . . . White 5, H. De. S. 4 S. Eur. . 1596 



AME 



28 



AMM 



Amellus, Willdenow. A name employed by 
Virgil, for a fine flower found on the banks of 
the river Mella. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Astcrdcece. Interesting species, succeeding well 
in a loamy soil, and cuttings planted under a 
glass root freely. Synonymes: 1, Siderdnfhus 
spinulbsus ; 2, S. viUbsus. 

Lychnltis . . Violet 7, G. Bv. Tr. 1 C. G. H. . 176S 
spinuldsus 1 . Yellow 8, H. Her. P. 2 Missouri . 1811 
villosus 2 . . Yellow 8, H. Her. P. 1 Missouri . 1811 

AmentAce.se. Exogenous plants bearing flowers 
in catkins, and divided by some modern bo- 
tanists into six orders — called Casuarinacece, 
Beluldcecc, Altingidcem, Salicdcece, Myricdceos, 
and Elceagnacece. 

Ament, j A catkin mode of inflorescence ; as 

Amentum, \ the Hazel'and Willow. 

Amentales. See Ament&ceas, 

American almond. See Brabijum. 

American aloe. See Agdve americdna. 

American china root. See Srnilax. 

American cowslip. See Dodecdtheon. 

American cranberry. See Oxyciccus macro- 
cdrpus. 

American cress. See Barbdrea prcecox. 

American ebony. See Amerimnum fcbenvs. 

American gamboge. See Hypericum baccdtum. 

American marmalade. SeeAchrasmammdsa. 

AmerJmnum, Patrick Browne. A Greek name 
for the house-leek ; derived from a, privative, 
and merimna, care ; in allusion to the little 
attention the plant requires. Linn. 16, Or. 
6, Wat. Or. Fabacece. Ornamental shrubs. 
Synonymes: 1, Pterocdrpus Amerimnum ; 2, 
Brpa Ebenus, Pterocarpus glabra, P. buxi- 
fdlius, Aspdlathus arboriscens ; for culture &c, 
see Pterocarpus. 

Browuei 1 . . White . 5, S. Ev. S. 10 W. Ind. . 1793 
Ebenus 2 . . Yellow . 5, S. Ev. S. 6 W. Ind. . 1840 
strigulosum . White . 5, S. Ev. S. 10 Trinidad . 1817 

AMETHfSTEA, Willdenow. The name is given 
in allusion to the colour of the flowers, from 
amethystos, the amethyst. Linn. 2, Or. 1, 
Wat. Or. Lamidceae. A pretty blue-flowered 
annual ; it grows in peaty soil, and produces 
abundance of seed, 
cserulea . . Blue . 7, H. A. 1J Siberia . 1759 

Amethystinous, violet-coloured. 

Amhkrstia, Wallich. In honour of the Rt. 
Hon. Countess Amherst and her daughter 
Lady Sarah Amherst ; the zealous friends and 
promoters of every branch of Natural History, 
but especially Botany. Linn. 17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. 
Fabacece. This truly noble object first became 
known to Dr. Wallich through the medium 
of a Mr. Crawford, in August, 1836, who 
originally discovered it near Martaban, in the 
E. Indies ; the former gentleman afterwards 
found it, as he himself states, "growing near 
a decayed Kioum (a sort of monastery) to- 
gether with numerous individuals of Jonisia 
Asbca and Uisua firrea ; it was profusely 
ornamented with pendulous racemes of large 
vermilion-coloured blossoms, unequalled in 
the flora of the E. Indies, and perhaps not 
surpassed in magnificence and elegance In any 
part, of the world."- WallicWs Plantoz Asia- 



tics Rariores. The ground, he states, was 
strewed even at a distance with its flowers, 
which are daily offered to the images in the 
adjoining caves. He transported it to the 
Botanic Garden, Calcutta, where it was seen by 
Mr. J. Gibson, plant collector for the Duke 
of Devonshire, who very fortunately succeeded 
in bringing a plant alive to the collection at 
Chatsworth. It delights in a rich strong loam, 
and may be propagated by cuttings of the half- 
ripened wood, planted in sand, under a glass, 
in heat, by ringing the stems of the old plant, 
or by seeds, 
ndbilis . . . Kioh ver. 5, S. Ev. T. 40 E. Ind. . 1837 

Amianthit/m, Gray. Linn. 6, Or. 3, Nat. Or. 
Melanthdceoz. See Helbnias. 

AMfciA, Eumboldt and Bonpland. In memory 
of J. B. Amici, a noted physician. Linn. 16, 
Or. 6, Nat. Or. Fabacece. This interesting 
evergreen climber delights in 'open loamy soil, 
and increases readily from cuttings. 
zyg6meris. . Yellow 6, S. Ev. CL 10 Mexico . 1826 

Amir6la, Persoon. Derivation unknown. Linn. 
21, Or. 9. Nat. Or. Sapinddcece. An orna- 
mental tree, thriving in peat and loam, and 
increased by cuttings. Synonyms : 1, Lagunea 
nitida. 
nitida 1 . . . S. Ev. T. 24 Peru . . 1824 

AmmAnnia, Linn. In honour of John Am- ' 
mann, a physician and botanist at St. Peters- 
burgh. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lytkraceas. 
Species of no beauty ; for culture, &c, see 
Balsdmina. 

verticillata . White 8, H. A. 1 Guinea . 1819 

mgyptlaca, auriculata, baccifera, cdspica, 
dibilis, diffusa, humilis, latifblia, multifldra, 
octdndra, pentdndra, racemdsa, ramdsior, ro- 
tundifolia, rubra, sanguinolinta, viridis, Worm- 
shic-ldii. 

Ammi, Linn. The plant delights to grow in 
sandy places, hence the name from aminos, 
sand. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Apidcece. 
Weeds of the simplest culture. Synonyme: 
1, Bunium acahle. acaule 1, anethifdlium, 
Boeberi, daucifolium, ferutefdlium, glaucifd- 
linm, majus, Visnaga. 

Ammobitjm, R. Brown. Derived from cummos, 
sand, and bio, to live ; in reference to the 
situation where the plants grow. Linn. 19, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asterdcem. Pretty species oi 
the easiest culture. 

alatum . . . White 6, P. Her. P. 2 N. Holl. . 1822 
plantagineum . White 8, G. Her. P. 2 N. Holl. . 1827 

Amm6charis, Ha. Aminos, sand, and chain, 
to delight. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Amaryl- 
liddcem. See BrunsiAgia. 

Ammodendron, Fischer. Aminos, sand, and 
dendron, a tree ; situation. Linn. 10, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Fabacece. Synonyme: 1, SSpIiora 



Sieversii 1 . . Purple 6, H. Ev. S. 3 Siberia . 1837 
Ammogeton, De Candolle. Ammos, sand, and 
geton, near ; situation. Linn. 19, Or.' 1, Nat. 
Or. Asterdcem. 
scorzonerif&lium . Yel. 6, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1834 



AMM 



29 



AMP 



Amm6phila, Kg. Aminos, sand, and pJiileo, to 
love. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Graminacece. 
See Ar&ndo and Psdm/ma. 

Amm^rsine, Pii/rsh. Derived from ammos, 
sand, and myrsine, a. myrtle. Linn. 10," Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Ericaceae. These interesting species 
should be grown in peat, and sheltered in 
winter in a frame or pit. They increase from 
layers. Synonym.es .- 1, Lddum buxifilium, 
Leiophtfllum thymifblium. 

buxifblia 1 . . White 5, H. Ev. S. £ N. Amer. 1736 
prostata. . . White 6, H. Ev. S. J N. Amer. 

Amomum, Linn. Derived from a, privative, 
and momos, impurity ; in allusion to the 
supposed qualities of some species as counter- 
poisons. Linn. 1, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Zingiberacece. 
Ornamental stove-plants, requiring similar 
treatment to Alplnia. The Cardamoms of 
commerce are the seeds of several species. In 
Bengal, the fruit of A. aromdlicum is used. 
The well-known Grains of Paradise are the 
seeds of A. Grana-Paradisi. 
aeuleMum . . Orange . 5, 8. Her. P. 1 E. Ind. . 1S19 
Afzelii . . Pink. . 6, 8. Her P. 3 S. Leone 1795 
angustifdlium Bed . . 6, 8. Her. P. 8 Madagas. 1822 
aromaticum . Pur. yel. 6, 8. Her. P. 1 E. Ind. . 1823 
Cardamc-mum Fa. brn. 6, 8. Her. P. 2 E. Ind. . 1820 
Clilsii . . . Yellow . 6,. 8. Her. P. 2 Fern. Po 1860 
Danielii . . . Y. redw. 6, 8. Her. P. 3 W. Africa 1854 
dealbatum . . White . 4, 8. Her. P. 3 Bengal . 1819 
Grana-Paradlsi Red . .3,8. Her. F. 1 Madagae. 
grandifldrum . White . 7, S. Her. P. 3 S. Leone 1795 
latif61ium . . Pur. yel. 6, 8. Her. P. 1 8. Leone 1824 
maximum ; . White . 6, 8. Her. P. 1 E. Ind. . 
sericeum . . White . 7, 8. Her. P. 1 E. Ind. . 1819 
subulatum . . Yellow . 4, S. Her. P. 3 Bengal . 1822 
sylvestre . . White . 4, S. Her. P. 1 W. Ind. . 1819 
vitelllnum . . Yellow . 5, S. Her. P. 2 E. Ind. . 1847 

Amoora, R. 0. Linn. 6, Or. 3, Nat. Or. 
Meliacece. A stove shrub requiring to be 
potted in rich light loam, and easily propagated 
by cuttings planted in sand under a glass in 
heat. 

cueullata . . . Yellow . 8. Ev. 8. E. Ind. . 1824 
Am6bjpha, Linn. The name is derived from a, 
privative, and morphe, form ; alluding to the 
deformity of the corolla. Linn. 16, Or. 6, 
Nat. Or. Fabacece. Elegant free-flowering 
shrubs, thriving well in common soil, and 
increased by layers, or cuttings taken off at 
a joint, and planted early in autumn, in a 
sheltered situation. The more tender species 
require the protection of • a mat in severe 
weather. Synonymcs: 1, A. n&na; 2, A. 
pubiscens ; 3, A. microphylla. 
canescens . . Blue. 7, F. De. 8. 3 Missouri . 1812 
crdceo-lanata . Pur. . 7, F. De. 8. 6 N. Amer. . 1820 
fragrans . . Pur. . 7, H. Da. 8. 8 N. Amer. . 1800 
frutic&sa . . Pur. . 7, H. De. S. 6 Carolina . 1724 
angustifolia . Pur. . 6, H. De. S. 6 S. Carolina 1812 
cserulea . . Blue . 6, H. De. 8. 6 S. Carolina 
emarginata . Pur. . 7, H. De. 8. 6 Carolina . 1724 
microphylla. Pur. . 6, H. De. 8. 2 Carolina . - 
glabra . . . Pur. . 7, F. Her. P. 6 N. Amer. . 1810 
herbacea 2. . Blue. 7, F. Her. P. 2 Carolina . 1803 
Lewisii .- . . Pur. . 7, F. De. 8. 4 N. Amer. . 1820 
microphylla . Pur. . 8, F. De. 8. 1 Missouri . 1811 
nana 3 . . . Blue . 8, F. De. 3. 1 J Missouri .1811 

AmoephophAlltjs, Blume. Amorphos, dis- 
figured, and phallos, form of spadix. Linn. 21, 

. Or. 7, Nat. Or. Aracece. Culture the same as 
for tropical Arums. Synonymes: 1, Arum 



bulbiferum, Pythbnium bulbiferum, Calddium 
bulbiferum; 2, A. campanulcUwm, Tdccaphal- 
lifera, Calddium Roxburghii, Candarum Rox- 
burghii; 3, D. zeyldnicum; 4, Dracbntium 
polyphpllum. 

bulblferus 1 . Bed . 4, 8. Her. P. 2£ E. Ind. 1813 
campanulatus 2 Purple . 4, 8. Her. P. H Ceylon 1816 
dubius 3 . . Or. pur. 4, 8. Her. P. 1£ Ceylon 1859 
giganteus 4 . . Purple. 4, 8. Her. P. if India . 1759 

Am6sa. See Inga. 

Ampelodbsmos, Kth. Ampelos, a vine, and 
desmos, a bond. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Gramin&eece. See Ar&ndo. 

Ampel6peasum, See Allium Avnpeldprasum. 

Ampel6psis, Michaux. These plants resemble 
the vine ; hence the name from ampelos, a 
vine, and bpsis, resemblance. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Vitacece. This genus of interesting 
plants comprehends the Virginian creeper, so 
well known for its adaptation to cover walls, 
bowers, and trellis-work. They grow in 
common soil, and increase from layers or 
cuttings. Synonymes: 1, Clssus ampeUpsis ; 
2, G. qumguefblius. 

bipinnata . Pur. grn. 8, H. De. 8. 1"5 N. Amer. 1700 
cordata 1 . Pur. grn. 5, H. De. CI. 20 N. Amer. 1S03 
hederacea 2. Pur. grn. 7, H. De. CI. 60 N. Amer. 1729 
hirsute . . Pur. grn. 5, H. De. CI. 60 N. Amer. 1806 

AMPELOsfcros, Ds. Ampelos, a vine, and sicyos, 
a cucumber. Linn. 21, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Gucur- 
bitacece. See Joliffia. 

AMPELtfGONUM, Lindley. The name is in allu- 
sion to the grape-like fruit. - Linn. 8, Or. 3, 
Nat. Or. Polygonaeece. This species is very 
interesting, and. will thrive in sandy loam and 
a little peat, and may be readily increased by 
seeds. This is one of the species from which 
indigo of a fine quality is obtained. Synonyme: 
Polygonum chininse. 
chinense 1 . Yelsh. wht. 7, G. Her. P. 3 E. Ind. 1837 

AmpherepHis, Kunth. Derived from amphere- 
phis, well covered ; in allusion to the double 
involucrum. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Asteracece. Pretty annuals, of easy culture, 
aristata . . Purple . 7, H. A. 1$ Caraccas 1824 

intermedia . Purple . 8, H. A. lj Brazil . 1821 

mutica . . Purple . 7, H. A. 1J S. Amer. 1803 

Amphibious, growing either in or out of the 
water. 

AmphicarpAa, Elliot. The name is derived 
from amphi, on both sides, and karpus, fruit ; 
in allusion to the fact of the plants bearing 
pods both on the rools and on the stems. 
Linn. 17, Or. i, Nat. Or. Fabctceee. Orna- 
mental deciduous twiners ; for culture &c, see 
Clitbria. Synonymes : 1, Glycine cmndsa ; 2, G. 
monolca ; 3, G. fildsa, sarmentbsa. 
monolca 2 . Apetal . 9, H. De. Tw. 6 N. Amer. 1781 
earmentdsa 3 Apetal . 9, H. De. Tw. 6 N. Amer. 1820 

combsa 1. 

Amphicarpus, round-fruited. 

Amphich6rda, Fries. Compounded from amphis, 
signifying on either or each side, and chorda, a 
chord. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Mucoracece. 
A dusty or porous substance, found on rotten 
trunks under ground in the autumn— ^ farindcea. 

AMPHfcOME, Royle. Prom amphi, around, and 



AMP 



30 



ANA 



home, hair ; in allusion to the structure of the 
seeds. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Bignonidtcece. 
These are very elegant and rather slender 
species, quite hardy enough to stand out if 
planted in dry situations or on rook-work, 
provided they are protected during winter 
from wet and most severe frosts. They thrive 
best in loamy soil mixed with a little sandy 
peat, and may be increased by seeds or cuttings 
of the young shoots. Synonyme : 1, IncanM- 
lea Ernbdi. 

arguta . . Lilac . 8, P. Ev. P. 1 Himalaya . 1837 
Emddi 1 . .Or. rose 8, G. Ev. S. 1 India . . .1852 

Amphil6phium, Kunth. Derived from amphi- 
lophos, crested on all sides ; the limb of the 
corolla is very curled. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Bignoniacece. Pretty greenhouse climbers ; 
for culture, &c, see Bignbtda. Synonyme: 1, 
Bignbnia paniculata. 

paniculatum 1 . Purple . 6, S. Ev. CI. 6 W. Ind. 1738 
Mutiaii . . . Rose . 6, S. Ev. CI. 6 N. Gren. 1860 

Amphtp6gon, B. Brown. Compounded from 
amphi, round, and pogon, a beard. Linn. 3, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Cframinacece. A curious 
species of grass of the easiest culture, 
strictua . . . Apetal . 6, Grass . 2 New Holl. 1823 

Amphisp6ritjm:, Link. Compounded from amphi, 
on either or each side, and sporia, a sporule. 
Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Mucoracece. Yellow 
particles observable on hyacinths grown in 
glasses — versicolor. 

AstPHODUS. See KenmMya. 

AMPLBXlCAtlLis, stem-clasping. 

AMSfNCKIA, Lehmann. Named after M. Amsinck. 
Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Boraginaceoe. The 
seeds of these plants only require to be sown 
in the open ground, about the beginning of 
May, in a dry, warm, sheltered situation. They 
are scarcely worthy of cultivation, except in 
botanical gardens, or where a collection rather 
than a selection is grown. A. angustifblia, 
intermedia, lycopsoides, specidbilis. 

Ams6nia, Walter. In memory of Charles 
Amson, a traveller in America." Linn. 5, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Apocynaceas. Pretty species, suc- 
ceeding well in common soil, and increased 
freely from cuttings under a glass, or by 
dividing the roots. Synonyme: 1, Taberncs- 
montana Amsbnia. 

angustifdlia . Blue ..6, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer 1774 
latifolia 1 . . Blue . 6, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1759 
salicifdlia . . Blue . 6, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1812 

Amygdaltjs, Limn. Derived from amysso, to 
lacerate ; in allusion to the fissured shell. 
Linn. 12, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Drupacem. The tall 
and coarse portion of these ornamental early- 
flowering plants may be advantageously dis- 
posed of in large plantations, and the dwarf 
kinds in small shrubberies at the front of the 
large ones. The common way of increasing 
them is by budding on the plum stock, or on 
the bitter almond. Rich mould is a proper 
medium for them. They are most valued for 
producing their showy pink blossoms early 
in the season, sooner than almost any other 
shrubs. Synonymies: 1, Primus prostrata ; 2, 
P. sinensis. See Pirsica. 



cochinchineDSis Pa. pink 3, H. De. T. 40 C. China 1825 



communis . 


. Red. 


. 4, H. De. T 


20 Barbary 1548 


amara 


. Red. 


. 4, H. De. T. 


20 Barbary 1548 


duleis . . 


. Red. 


. 4, H. Do. T. 


20 Barbary 1548 


fragilis . . 


. Red. 


. 4, H. De. T. 


20 Barbary 


macrocarpa 


. Red. 


. 4, H. De. T. 


20 Barbary 


persicoldes 


. Red. 


. 4, H. De. T. 


20 Barbary 


incana 


. Bed. 


. 4, H. De. S. 


2 Caucasus 1800 


nana . . 


. Red. 


. 4, H. De. S. 


2 Russia . 1683 


campestris 


. Red. 


. 4, H. De. S. 


2 Podolia . 1818 


ge&rgica 


. Red. 


. 4, H. De. S. 


2 Georgia. 1818 


orientalis 


. Bed. 


. 4, H. De. S. 


10 Levant . 1756 


pedunculata 


. Red. 


. 4, H. De. T. 


6 1833 


prostrata 1 


. Pink 


. 5, H. De. T. 


1 Crete . 1802 


pumila 1 . 


. Bed. 


. 4, H. De. S. 


,4 China . 1683 


sibirica . . 


. Bed. 


. 4, H. De. 8. 


6 Siberia . 1820 


Amylaceous, 


possessing the 


properties of 


starch. 








AMYRIDACEffi. 


A natural ordei 


divided from 



Terebmthacece — consisting of plants bearing a 
fragrant gum, used under the names of Myrrh 
and Frankincense. 
Amyris, Linn. From a, intensive, and myron, 
balm, or myrrha, myrrh ; in allusion to the 
strong perfume of the species. Linn. S, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Amyridacece. Ornamental trees, 
succeeding well in an equal mixture of loam 
and peat, and are propagated from cuttings in 
sand under a glass. A. toscifera is poisonous. 
Synonymes: 1,A. elemlfera; 2, A. balsamifera. 
See Balsamodindron, Duvaua, Icica, ScMnus. 
. White . S. Ev. T. 20 E. Indies 1823 
. Wlite . 8, S. Ev. T. 16 Brazil. . 1823 
. White . S. Ev. T. 20 E. Indies 1823 
. White . 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 Jamaica . 1820 
. White . 8. Ev. 8. ' 
. White . 8. Ev. 8. 
White . S. Ev. 8. 

6, 8. Ev. 8. 

7, 8. Ev. T. 
8. Ev. T. 



acuminata 
brasiliensis 
heptaphylla 
Lunani 
maritima . 
nana . . 
Plumieri 1 
polygama . 
eylvStica . 
Tecomaca . 
toxifera 2 . 



. White . 
. White . 
. White . 
. White . 



8 8. Amer. 1810 

6 E. Indies 1822 

10 W. Indies 1820 

12 Chili . . 1790 

16 Carthage 1793 

50 Mexico . 1827 

8. Ev. T. 50 W. Indies 1818 

Anabasis, Linn. One of the names given by 
the Greeks to Equisitum. Linn. 5, Or. "2, 
Nat. Or. Chenopodiacece. Curious species of 
the simplest culture. Synonyme: 1, Salsdla 
articulata. 

aphylla 1 . . Green . . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 A. Minor 1817 
florida . . . Green . . 7, H. A. 1 Iberia . 1817 
oppositifl&ra . Green yel. 7, H. A. 1 Russia . 1825 
tamariscifMia Green . . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 Spain . 1752 " 

AnacXmpseros, Tourn. See Sedum. 
Anacamfseros, Ehrhart. Compounded from 
anakampto,. to induce to return, and eros, 
love ; the name of a plant to which the 
ancients attributed the quality of restoring 
the passion love. Linn. 11, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Portul&cece. A genus of curious succulent 
plants; for culture, &c. see Aloe. Synonymes: 
1, Eulingia polypkplla ; 2, Tallnum anacdmp- 
seros, B. anacdmpseros ; 3, B. varians, A.. 
See also SMwm. 

. 7, S. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. 1820 
. 8, G. Ev. S. J C. G. H. 1790 
. 9, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. 1795 
. 7, G. Ev. 8. i C. G. H. 1824 
. 9, G. Ev. S. i C. G. H. 1796 
. 8, G. Ev. 8. i C. G. H. 1818 
. 8, G. Ev. 8. } C. G. H. 1732 
. 8, G. Ev. 8. | C. G. H. 1796 
. 7, G. Ev. 8. I C. G. H. 1818 
. 8, G. Ev. 8. J C. G. H. 1813 
AnacAmptis, Richard, Named from ana- 
campto, to turn back ; in allusion to the re- 
flexed state of the pollen masses. Linn. 20, Or. 



angustif&lia 


. Pink 


arachnoldea 


. Pink 


nlamentdaa 


.Pink 


intermedia . 


. Pink 


lanceolata . 


. Pink 


polyphylla 1 


. Pink 


rotundif &lia 2 


.Pink 


rilbens . . 


. Bed 


rufescens . 


Pink 


varians 3 


.Pink 



ANA 



31 



ANA 



1, Nat. Or. Orchidacece. An interesting native 
species, very similar to the orchis ; cultivation 
simple. Synonyme : 1, Orchis pyramidalis. 
pyramidalis . Bed . 7, H. Ter. 1} Britain, dr. pa. 

Anacanthous, spineless. 

ANACARDiAcma;, a considerable order of orna- 
mental trees and shrubs ; some, as the mango, 
spondias, and others, bear eatable fruit, and 
others are esteemed for the production of gum 
resins of much request for varnishes and dyes. 

ANACARDIUM, Roxburgh. The name refers to 
the form of the nut ; hence the derivation from 
ana, like, and kardia, heart. Linn, 23, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Anacardiacex. These ornamental 
trees thrive in light loamy soil ; and cuttings 
with their leaves on, taken from the ripe wood,- 
will strike in sand, in heat, under a glass. A. 
occidentale is thus spoken of by Mr. Sander :* — 
"This elegant tree, bearing panicled corymbs 
of sweet smelling flowers, succeeded by an 
edible fruit of the pomme kind, of a yellow or 
red colour. This fruit or apple has a sub-acid 
flavour, with some degree of astringency." See 
Semeccbrpus. 

occidentale . Grn. red . S. Ev. T. 12 W. Ind. . 1699 
Sndioum . . Grn. red . S. Ev. T. 12 E. Ind. . 1699 

Anacharis, Rich. Ana, without, charis, 
beauty. Linn. 22, Or. 8, Hat. Or. Hydro- 
charidacece. An introduced plant, aquatic, in- 
creasing so rapidly that, where it establishes 
itself, it becomes a very troublesome weed. 
The plant is not unlike a Potamogeton. 
alsinastrum . Grn 7, H. Tu. P. floa. Britain, ponds 

Anac^CLUS, Linn. Derived from a, privative, 
anthos, a flower, and Tcyklos, a circle ; in allu- 
sion to the rows of ovaries placed round the 
disk. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asteracece. 
Hardy annuals requiring only to be sown in 
the open ground. Synonymes: 1, Santolina 
anfheinoides ; 2, Anthemis valeniXna; 3, A. 
Pyrfflvrum. 

aureus . . . Yellow 8, H. A. £ Levant . 1570 

clavatus . . White 8, H. A l| Barbaiy. 1810 

radiatus 2 . . Yellow 8, H. A l| S. Eur. . 1596 

anthemoides 1, creticus, di/varicatus, orientalis, 
Pyrethrwm 3, valenthms. 

ANADiiNiA, R. Brown. Named from a, priva- 
tive, and aden, » gland ; the nectariferous 
gland is wanting. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Proteacece. A handsome genus, cultivated in 
peat and loam, and multiplied by cuttings in 
sand under a glass. Synonymes : 1, Grevillea 
glabrata, Manglesia glabrata. 
aquifdlia . . Yellow 5, G. Ev. S. 3 Swan B. . 1836 
flexudsa . . Yellow 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 Swan B. . 1836 
gracilis . . . Yellow 5, G. Ev. S. 3 Swan E. . 1836 
Manglesii 1 . Yellow 5, G. Ev. S. 2 Swan E. . 1836 
pulchella . . Yellow 5, G. Ev. S. 2 N. Holl. . 1824 
tenuiflbra . . Yellow 5, G. .Ev. S. 3 Swan E. . 1836 

AnagAllis, Tournefort. The power of removing 
despondency is attributed to this genus, hence 
the name from anagelao, to laugh. Linn. 5, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Primulaaeas. Very pretty in- 
teresting species, of easy culture. Sow the 
hardy annuals in the open ground, and the 
biennials in pots in the greenhouse or a frame, 
and plant them out when strong enough. They 
increase from cuttings planted in any common 





G. Ev. Tr. 


i 




G. Ev. Tr 


1 


. Flesh 


8, H. A. 


J Switzerl. 1819 


Vermil. 


8, G. B. 


3 Morocco 1803 


. Bed . 


7, G. Ev. Tr. 


i 


. Blue. 


7, H. A. 


1 Nepal . 1824 


. Purple 


8, G. B. 


1 Spain . 1759 


. Blue. 


8, G. B. 


1 Portugal 1796 


. Copper 


. 7, P. Ev. Tr. 


Hybrid . 1828 


. Blue . 


7, G. Her. P. 


1 Italy. . 1648 


. Lilac 


5, G. Her. P. 


1 1836 



soil under a glass. Orfila destroyed a dog by 
making him swallow three drachms of the 
extract of A. arvinsis. Synonymes: 1, A. 
phcenlcea ; 2, A. colllna. 

alternifdlia . Y. pink . 4, S. Her. P. J Eio Jan. 1839 
Brewferi . 

grandiflbra 
carnea . . 
fruticdsa 2 
grandifldra 
indica . . 
latifdlia 
linifdlia 
Marryattse 
Monelli . 

lilaclna . 

phdenicea . Scarlet . 5, G. Her. P. 1 Morocco 1803 

Willmoreana Pur. blu. 9, G. Her. P. i Madeira. 1834 
tenella . .• . Pink . 7, H. De. Or. J Britain . 
Webbiana . . Blue . . 7, P. Ev. Tr. | Portugal 1828 
Wellsiana . . Copper . 8, P. Ev. Tr. } Eng.hyb.1830 
arvinsis 1, ccerulea. 

Garden varieties. — These are numerous, and 
some of them very beautiful, principally raised 
from A. grandifihra. 
Anagyris, Tournefort. Named in allusion to 
the curved pod ; from ana, backward, and 
gyros, a circle. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Pabacece. Ornamental trees, growing in peat 
and loam, or any light rich soil, and multiplied 
from cuttings or seeds. The seeds of A . f&tida, 
if eaten in any quantity, produce headache. 
Synonyme ; Baptisia nepaUnsis. See Macro- 
trdpus, Piptdnthus. 

fdstida . . Yellow 4, P. Ev. S. 9 Spain . . 1570 
glauca . . . Yellow 4, P. Ev. S. 8 S. Eur. . 1800 
indica 1 . . . Yellow 7, G. Ev..T. 8 Nepal . '. 1821 
latifdlia . . . Yellow 4, G. Ev. S. 10 Teneriffe . 1815 

Ananassa, Thunberg. From nanas, the Guiana 
name. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Bromeliacece. 
The plants that yield this very superior fruit, 
so much esteemed for its sweet aromatic 
flavour, were first cultivated in this country 
at Sir Matthew Dicken's, at Richmond, where 
fruit was first produced in 1715. There are 
now a great many distinct kinds described in 
our garden lists : of these only a few are worthy 
of extensive cultivation — such as the common 
broad-leaved Queen, Eipley Queen, Lemon 
Queen, Black Jamaica, New and Old Provi- 
dence, Antigua, Montserrat, Cayenne, Roths- 
childs, and a few others. The methods of 
cultivation are various, but pot culture as 
practised for so many years is now almost 
everywhere superseded by bedding out, which 
is much less trouble, and also furnishes larger 
fruit in a shorter space of time. By this sys- 
tem, young plants are merely planted in a bed 
composed of open sandy loam well charred 
by a wood fire, and mixed with a small portion 
of deer's dung, sheep's dung, or very rotten 
horse dung. The bed is heated by hot-water 
pipes passing through a hot-air chamber be- 
neath, and of sufficient power to supply the 
soil with a heat of 75 or 80 degrees. There 
must also be sufficient surface-pipes to per- 
fectly heat the air of the house or pit. In fine 
weather admit air the first thing in the morning 
(say seven o'clock), and close the house early 
in the afternoon (say three o'clock) ; when 
the paths should bs watered and the plants 



ANA 



32 



AN T D 



syringed over the tops, which will cause the 
atmosphere to be very moist ; in this state the 
plants will thrive surprisingly. Fruiting 
plants must not he grown in an over-moist 
atmosphere, but should have, when such can 
he given, a freer circulation of air, or the 
fruit will be of an inferior flavour. The tem ; 
perature in winter should be 70 or 75 degrees, 
in summer 80 or &5 degrees, and when closed 
in the afternoon 100 or 110 degrees. The best 
plants are obtained from suckers, but new or 
very rare sorts are also obtained from the 
crown of the fruit. After the fruit is cut, the 
stools should still continue in a good bottom- 
heat, and strong suckers equal to year-old 
plants may be soon taken off. Synonymes : 1, 
Bromilia lucida ; 2, B. Ananas. 
bracte&ta . . Crim. . 4, S. Her. P. 2 Brazil . . 1820 
variegate . . Crim. . 4, S. Her. P. 8 Bra7.il . . 1820 
debilis . . . Crim. . 4, S. Her. P. 3 
lucida 1 . . Pink . S. Her. P. 4 S. Amer. . 
satlva 2 . . . Purple S. Her. P. 4 S. Amer. . 1690 

AnIndria, De Candolle. Linn. 19, Or. 3, Nat. 
Or. Asteraceoe. See Perdicivmi. 

AnAntherix, Nuttall. Derived from a, with- 
out, and antherix, an awn, the appendage being 
wanting. Linn. 9,, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asclepia- 
dacece. An interesting species ; for culture, &c, 
see Asclepias. Synonyme: 1, AscUpias viridis. 
viridis 1 . Grn. yel. . 8, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1812 

AnarrhInum, Desfont. The name is gathered 
from a, privative, and rhin, nose ; the plants 
being allied to Antirrhinum, but the flowers 
quite different. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Scrophulariacem. These pretty biennials suc- 
ceed well if sown in the open borders. Syno- 
nymes: 1, A. pubiscens, A. hirsilium. 
bollidifolium . Blue . 7, H. B. 1 Prance . 1629 

duriminum 1 . Pa. yel. 6, H. B. li Portugal 1818 

fruticbsum . White . 8, H. B. 1} S. Eur. . 1826 

pubescens . . White . 8, H. B. 1 S. Bur. . 1818 

AnastAtica, Linn. This plant, however dry, 
will recover its original form if immersed in 
water ; hence the name from anastasis, resur- 
rection. Linn. 15, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Brassicacece. 
Eose of Jericho. A curious dwarf species, of 
easy culture, 
hierochuntlna White . 7, F. A. J Levant . 1597 

Anastomosing, uniting of vessels, veins, or 
nerves. 

Anatherum, Palisot de Beauvois. Named in 
allusion to the awnless valves of the calyx, 
from a, privative, and anther, awn. Linn. 23, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Graminacece. Uninteresting 
species, of easy culture. Synonymes: 1, An- 
dropbgon muricatus, squarrbsus; 2, A. muticus 
— A. murieatum 1, muticum 2, virginicum. 

Anatomicum, dissected, laciniated. 

Anaxeton, JDe Candolle. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Aster&cem — arborescens. See GnapAalium. 

Anceps, two-edged. 

Anchietea, Hill. In memory of P. Anchietea, 
a Brazilian writer on plants. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Violaeeos. An ornamental species ; 
for culture, Ac., see Calpptrion. Synonyme: 
1, Caltfptrion pyrifblium. 
pyrifdlia 1 . . White . 7, S. Ev. CI. 6 Brazil . 1822 



Anchomanes, Schott. Name not "explained. 
Linn. 21, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Aracece. A very 
remarkable araceous plant, requiring similar 
treatment to the stove Caladiums. Synonyme; 
1, Caladium petiolatum. 
Hobkeri pallida 1 Gn. pur. S. Tu. P. Fernd. Po 1862 

Anchovy-pear. See Grias cauliflbra. 

ANCHtrsA, Linn. A. tinctdria was anciently 
used for staining the skin ; hence the name, 
from agchoresa, paint for the skin. Linn. 5, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Boraginacece. The hardy 
annual and biennial species of this ornamental 
genus succeed well sown in the open borders. 
A. capinsis should he raised in a frame, and 
treated as a greenhouse plant. The roots of 
A. tinctdria and virginica furnish a reddish- 
brown substance used by dyers. Synonymes: 
1, Myositis obtusa; 2, A. angustifblia ; 3, Myo- 
sitis macrophjjlla ; i, A. zeyldnica. See Ar- 
nbbia, CynogUsswm, Lithospirmum, Lycipsis, 
Nbnea, Omphalddes. 

Agardhii . Blue . 8, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1820 
amdma . . Blue . 6, H. A. 1 S. Eur. . 1817 

aggregate . Blue . 6, H. A. £ Levant . 1S27 

angustifblia . Purple 6, H. Her. P. 2 S. Eur. . 1640 
asperrima . Blue . 5, H. B. 2 Egvpt . 1817 

Barrelieri 1 . Blue . 7, H. Her. P. 2 S. Eur . 1820 
caaspitosa. . Blue . 6, H. Ev. P. i Levant . 1828 
capensis . . Blue . 6, G. B. if C. G. H. . 1800 

crispa . . . Blue . 6, H. Ev. P. 1 Corsica . 1835 
Gmellni . . Blue . 8, H. B. H Podolia . 1817 

hispida . . Blue . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Egypt . 1817 
hybrida . W.blue 7, H. A.' 1J Italy , . 1820 

incarnate. . Flesh . 8, H. Her. P. 2 S. Eur. . 1816 
latifblia . . Blue . 5, H. B. 2 . 1S26 

loptophylla 2 Purple 8, H. Her. P. 2 Europe . 1640 
longif&lia. . Blue . 7, H. Her. P. 1} Italy . . 1819 
maculate . . Blue . 5, H. Her. P. 1 Russia . 1824 
Milleri _ _. . Blue . 5, H. Her. P. 1£ Levant . 1713 

"^'lira's 1 ' } Pink -8,H. Her. P. 1 Tauria .1825 

officinalis . . Blue . 8, H. Her. P. 2 Britn., sea coa. 

ochroleuca . Purple 7, H. Her. P. 2 Caucasus 1810 

itelica . . Pa. yel. 8, H. Her. P. 3 S. Eur. . 1597 

panieulata . Red . 5, H. Her. P. 3 Madeira . 1777 

parviflora . Blue . 6, H. An. 1 Levant . 1827 

petiolata . . Purple 9, G. Her. P. 1 Nepal . .1840 

procera . . Blue . 5, H. Her P. 3 Galicia . 1824 

rupestris . . Blue . 7, H. Her. P. % Galicia . 1824 

sericea . . Pur. yel. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia .1802 

stylbsa . . Blue . 5, H. A. 1 Tauria . 1S20 

teneTla 4 . . Blue . 5, H. A. J Ceylon . 1820 

tinctoria . . White . 8, H. Her. P. J MontpeL . 1596 

undulate. . Purple 7, H. Her. P. 2 Spain . . 1752 

verrucbsa . Blue . 7, H. A. 1 S. Eur. . 1821 

Agardhii, lycopsoldes, sempervirens. 

Ancistrocarpus. See Micrdtea. 

ANcfsTRUM, Kth. From ankistron, ahook, in 
allusion to the segments of the calyx termi- 
nating in hooks. Herbaceous plants of no 
floral beauty. Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat. Or. San- 
guisorbacece. — Sanguisdrbx, ovalifblium, argSn- 
teum, adscindens, laevigatum, licidum, magel- 
Idnieum. 

Anders6nia, R. Brown. In memory of Messrs. 
W. A. W. and G. Anderson, great promoters 
of. Botany. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Bpaeri- 
dacees. A very pretty species, multiplied from 
portions of the young shoots, iu sand, under a 
glass, and grown in sandy peat soil carefully 
watered, 
sprengelioldes Pink . 6, G. Ev. S. 2 N. Holland . 1803 

ANDiRA, Lamarck. Its Brazilian name. Linn. 
17, Or. i, Nat. Or. Fabaceos. Large orna- 



AND 



33 



AND 



mental trees ; for culture, &c, see Geoffrbya. 

Synonymes: 1, Geoffrdya inirmis ; 2, G. race- 

mbsa. 

inermis 1 . . Purple . B. Ev. T. 8 W. Ind . . 1773 

racembsa 2 . Purple . 8. Ev. T. 8 Trinidad . 1818 

AndeXchnb, Linn. The name of the Purslain 
in Greece. Linn. 21, Or. 10, Nat. Or. Euphor- 
bi&cece.. Bastard Orpine. A weed, of simple 
culture — telephioides. 

AndreAa, Bedwig. Named in honour of J. 
G. R. Andrew, a German professor. Linn. 24, 
Or. 5, Nat. Or. Andrceacece. This remarkable 
genus differs from all other mosses, in having 
a capsule, which splits into four valves, coher- 
ing at their ends by means of the persistent 
lid ; it agrees with Sph&gnum in having no 
footstalk, but in its room an elongated recep- 
tacle, and appears to be a transition from 
Andrceacets to Hepdtwx. This is, however, 
only apparent. All the species are natives of 
rocks or mountains, and are remarkable for 
their nearly black, ov dark-brown colour. — 
Loudon's Encyclopaedia of Plants — alpina, 
nivalis, libthii, rupistris. 

ANDR-EAC&a:. A small order of mosses, natives 
of cold and temperate regions, often found in 
the bleakest places, near the limits of perpetual 
snow. They are usually termed split mosses, 
because the spore cases open by valves without 

. elaters. 

Androgynous, producing male and female 
flowers on the same plant, or on the same 
spike, or head. 

Andreoskia, Decandolle. In memory of Ant. 
Andrzejowski, a Eussian botanist. Linn. 15, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Brassicacece. Mere weeds, of 
the simplest culture. Synonymes: 1, Sisym- 
brium Sieversianum ; 2, S. integrifdlium ; 3, 
iS. peetinatum, Hesperispinnata; 4, Cheirdnthus 
pinnatlfidus, — eglandul&sa, 1; integrifblia, 2; 
pectinata, 3 ; pinnatifida, 4. 

Androcymbium, Linn. The name is derived 
from oner, anther, and himbion, a saucer, in 
allusion to the peculiar form of the stamens 
and their appendages. Limn. ■ 6, Or. 3, Nat. 
Or. Melommaceoe. Interesting bulbous-rooted 
plants ; for culture, &c. see Meldnthium. 
Synonyme : 1, Meldnthium eucomoldes. 
eucomoldes 1 . Green 4, G. Bl. P. I C. G. H. . 1794 
melanthioldes . White 7, G. BL P. | C. G. H. . 1823 
volutare . . . White 4, G. Bl. P. § C. G. H. . 1816 

Andrographis, N. V. E. Aner, a man, and 
grapho, to write. Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Acanthacece. See Justicia. 

Andromachia, Kunth. Named after Androma- 
chus, a physician to Nero. Linn. 19, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Asterdcece. An uninteresting species, 
of easy culture — igniaria. 

Andr6meDA, Linn. Named after the virgin 
Andromeda. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. EH- 
edcece. Very ornamental and interesting 
species, delighting in peat soil, and increased 
plentifully from layers and seeds. The seed 
should be sown in pots, and very thinly 
covered, for if deep in the soil they will rot ; 
the young plants should be planted out in the 
spring. Synonymes :1, A, litcida, populifblia, 



angustif&lia 
arbbrea . . 
axillaris . 

longif Mia 2 
buxifblia . 
calyculata . 

latifblia . » 

nana . . 

ventricbsa 
canescens . 
Catesbsei S 
coriacea4 . 

rubra . . 
crispa . . 
dealbata . 
fasciculata 
ferruginea 
floribunda. 
formusa . 
frondbsa 



White 8 
. White 8. 
. White 6. 
. White 7, 
. Pink 
. White 8. 
. White 3. 
. White 8 
. White 3, 
. White 6. 
. White 6' 
. Pink . 7. 
. Red . 7, 
. White 
. Pink . 4, 
. White 
. White 6, 
. White 5, 
White 6, 
White 5 



glaucopirylla 5 Pink 
hypnoldes . . W. red G. 
jamaicensis 
japbnica . 



mariana . 

oblbnga . 

ovalis . . 
multittora . 
ovalifblia . 
phillyrese- 
fdlia 6 . 
pilulifera . 
polifdlia . 

grandirlbra 

latifblia 

media . . 

minima . 

oleifolia 

revoluta . 

subulata . 
raeemdsa 7 

latifblia . 

strlcta 

rigid:! . . 

rosmarinifblia Pink . 7, 
rubiginbsa 8 . White 
salicifdlia . 
sinensis . 
specibsa . 



White 
. White 
. White 6, 
. White 6. 
. White 6, 
. White 7, 
. White 

White 3, 

. White 6, 
. Pink 
. Pink . 4, 
. Pink . 7, 
. White 7, 
. Pink 
. Pink . 4 
. Pink . 4. 
. Pink 
. White 6, 
. White 
.White 
White 5, 



.Pa. gn. 6. 
. Blush 6. 
. White 8, 
. Pink 
. White 8. 



nitida 

pulverulenta White 8, 

spicata . . White 6, 

tetragbna . . White i : 



N. Amer. 
8 N. Amer. 

N. Amer. 

1 N. Amer. 
1 N. Amer. 
1 Mauritius 1822 
li N. Amer. . 1748 
H Newfound. 1748 



1765 
1748 
1752 
1765 



reticulata, laurlna; 2, A. Walteri; 3, A 
spinuldsa ; 4, A. nitida, lucida ; 5, A. poli 
fdlia, latifblia; 6, PernUtya angustifdlia; 7 
A. paniculata; 8, A. pubiscens. See Lybnia. 

acuminata 1 . White 8, H. Ev. S. 8 
, H. Ev. S. 8 
, H. Ev. T. 40 
, H. Ev. S. 1 
, H. Ev. S. 1 
Bv. S. 1 
, H. Ev. S. 
, H. Ev. S. 
, H. Ev. S. 
, H. Ev. S. 
, H. Ev. S. 
, H. Ev. S. 
, H. Ev. S. 
, H. Ev. S. 

H. Ev. 8. 
, H. Ev. S. 

S. Ev.T. 
, H. Ev. 8. 
, H. Ev. S. 
, H. Ev. 8. 
, H. Ev. S. 
, H. Ev. S. 



II- Russia . 
2 N". Amer. 
2 N. Amer. 

2 N. Amer. 

3 N. Amer. 
3 N. Amer. 



Jamaica . 
N. Amer. , 
N. Amer. , 
N. Amer. . 
N. Amer. . 
N. Amer. 



1748 

1793 
1765 
1765 
1824 

1824 
1784 
1812 

1800 



E. Da Cr. J Lapland 
8. Ev. 8. 6 Jamaica 



G. Ev. T. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. S. 
G. Ev. T. 



Japan 
N. Amer. 
N. Amer. 
N. Amer. 
N. Amer. 
Nepal . 



1798 
1793 
1806 
1736 
1736 
1736 

1825 



G. Ev. S. 2 W.Florida 1844 



H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H.Ev.S. 20 
H. Ev. 8. 
8. Ev. 8. 
H.Ev.S. 
G. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. 8. 
P. Ev. 8. 



Ingria . 
N. Amer. 
Britain 



. bogs 



N. Eur. . 1783 
,1736 



N Amer. . 

N. Amer. 

N. Amer. 

N. Amer. . 1774 
1£ N. Amer. . 
lj W. Ind. 
4 Mauritius 1825 

China . . 1826 
3 Carolina . 1800 



Carolina . 1800 
Carolina . 1800 
N. Amer. . 
Lapland . 1810 

Androp6gon, Willdenow. The little tufts of 
hairs on the flowers resemble a man's beard ; 
hence the name from aner, a man, and pogoil, 
a beard. Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Grami- 
mtccce. Uninteresting species of grass, of the 
simplest culture. See AnatMrium, Anlhistiria, 
ApVida, Chrysopbgon, Cymbopbgon, Eeteropo- 
gon, Pollinia, and Bhiptdium. Synonyme : 1, 
Andropbgon Idxus — angustif61ius, annulatus, 
argenteus, combsus, furcatus, hirtus, Ischfe- 
mum, laguroides, saccharoldes, serratus 1. 

Andr<5sace, Linn. Named in reference to the 
resemblance of the round hollow leaf to an an- 
cient buckler ; from aner, a man, and sakos, a 
buckler. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Pri- 
mulaceoe. Pretty species, succeeding well in 
small pots, in a mixture of turfy loam and 
peat, cautiously watered. They increase from 
seeds, or by divisions. See Aritia and Br&ba. 



AND 



34 



ANE 



acatilis . . 


. White 


7, H. 




B. i Siberia 
B. | Siberia 


1825 


alismoldes . 


. White 


S, H. 




1820 


brevifblia . 


. White 


5, P. 




B. i S. France 


1825 


carnea 


. Flesh 


7, P. 


Her 


P. i Switzerl. 


1768 


carinata . . 


. Yellow 


4, H. 


Her 


P. i JT. Amer 


1826 


Chamsejasme 


. Pink 


7, P. 


Her 


P. £ Austria 


1768 


elongata . . 


. White 


4, a. 




A. £ Austria 


1776 


filiformis 


. White 


5, H. 




A. | Siberia 


1820 


lactea . 


. White 


7, P. 


Her 


P. i Austria 


1752 


lactifibra . . 


. White 


S, H. 




B. \ Siberia 


1306 


lanuginosa . 


. Ko. yel 


S,H. 


Her 


P. % Himalaya 1S42 


linearis . 


. White 


4, H. 


Her 


P. i N. Amer 


1806 


macrocarpa. 


. White 


7, H. 




A. ^Siberia 


1827 


maxima . . 


. White 


4, H. 




A. | Austria 


1797 


nana . . . 


. White 


4,H. 




A. 3 Denmark 1803 


obtusifdlia . 


. Pink 


4, H. 




A. | Italy . 


1817 



septentrionalis White . 5, H. A. J Russia . 1755 

villbsa . . Pink . 6, H. Her. P. | Pyrenees 1790 

AndrosAmum, Allioni. The name is given in 
allusion to the colour of the juice ; from aner, 
a man, 'and haima, blood. Mnn. 16, Or. 8, 
Nat. Or. Hypericacece. Tutsan. An interest- 
ing native species, simply cultivated. Syno- 
nyms: 1, Hypiricum Andros&mum. 
officinale 1 . . Yellow 8, H. Her. P. 2 Britain, woods 

Andeyala, Linn. Mot explained. Linn. 19, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asteracece. The species are 
rather pretty, and will grow well in common 
soil ; they increase by seeds or divisions. Sy- 
nonymcs: 1, A. lyrata; 2, Crisis incana. .See 
Hieracium. 



argehtea 1 . . Yellow 
cheiranthif&lia Yellow 
crithmifdlia . Yellow 
incana 2 . . 
integrifdlia 
lanata . . 
nigricans . 
pinna tifi da 
ragusma . 
runcinata . 



Yellow 
Yellow 
Yellow 
Yellow 
Yellow 
Yellow 
Yellow 



8, H. 

7, G. Her. 

8, O. 
6, H. 

H. 



B. i Pyrenees 1817 
P. i Madeira . 1777 
B. J Madeira . 1773 
B. £ Pyrenees 1818 
B. } 8. Bur. . 1711 



5, H. Her. P. | S. Eur. . ITS. 
8, H. A. | Barbary. 1804 

7, G. B. J Madeira . 1778 

8, G. Her. P. | Archipel. 1753 
7, H. B. J S. Eur. . 1711 



Aneilema, R. Brown. The involucrum is want 
ing; hence the name from a, without, and 
eilema, involucrum. Linn. 3, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Commelynaccoe. Interesting- species ; for cul- 
ture, &c, see Commelyna, 

acuminata . Blue . . 8, S. Ev. Cr. 1 N. Holl 1822 
ffiquinoctialisBlue. . 7, S. Ev. Tr. 1J Guinea '. 1820 



afflnis . . 
ambigua . 
biflbra . . 
crispata 
longifdlia . 
nudicaulis 
nudifldra . 
serrulata . 
slnica . . 
" apirata ; 



. Blue. 
. Blue. 
. Blue . 
. Blue . 
. Blue . 
. Blue . 
. Blue- 
.Blue 



8, G. Ev. Cr. 

7, S. Her. P. 3 

8, G. Ev. Tr. 1 
7, G. Her. P. 2 
7, S. Her. P. 2 
7, S. Ev. Tr. 1 
7, G. Bl. Tr. 1 

. 7, S. Ev. Tr. 1 
. Pur.blu. 5, G. Her. P. 1 
.Blue. . 7, G.Ev. Cr, 



N. Holl. . 1820 
S. Leone 1822 
N. Holl. . 1820 
y. Holl. . 1822 
Mozambi. 1825 
E. Ind. . 1818 
E. Ind. . 1824 
Trinidad 1824 
- China . 1820 
i E. Ind. . 1783 

AneImia, Swartz. Named in allusion to the 
naked inflorescence, from aneimon, naked 
Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Polypodidcece. Or- 
namental species of ferns, succeeding well in 
open loamy soil, and increased by dividing the 
roots, or by seeds. Synonymcs : 1, Paddiana ■ 
2, Osmnnda humilis; 3, O. PMUUidis. 
adiantifblia . Brown . 8, S. Her. P. 3 W. Ind 
. Brown . 8, S. Her. P. 3 
. Brown . 8, S. Her. P. 2 Brazil 
- Brown . 6, S. Her. P. 3 S. Amer. 

Brown . 6, S. Her. P. 2 Brazil . 
. Brown . 6, S. Her. P. 8 Jamaica 
. Bro. yel. 7, S. Her. P. 1$ w. Ind 
. Brown . 7, S. Her. P. 1 N . Amer. 
. Brown . 8, S. Her. P. 2 W Ind. 
. Brown . 8, S. Her. P. 3 W Ind 
.Brown . 8, S. Her. P. 3 Brazil.' 



coccmea 
colllna . 
flexubsa 1 
fraxinifdlia 
hirsuta . . 
iirta . . . 
humilis 2 
laciniata 
lanceolata 
longifdlia 



. 1793 
. 1830 
. 1829 
1831 
1S28 
.1794 
1S24 
1823 
1794 
1820 
1831 



Phillitidis 3 Brown . 6, S. Her. P. 3 Trinidad. 1830 

rSdicans . . Bro. yel. 5, S. Her. P. 2 Brazil. . 1831 

repens . . Brown . b', S. Her. P. 1 Brazil . . 1831 

tenella . Brown . 5, S. Her. P. 2 W. Ind. . 1843 

Anemia. See Anmniopsis. 

AnemidIctyon, Smith. Aneimon, naked, and 
diktyon, a net. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Polypodiaeew. See Aneimia. 

Anemi6psis, Hooker. Named in allusion to the 
appearance of the inflorescence, from aneimon, 
naked, and opsis, appearance. Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Saururacecs. A genus of plants grow- 
ing in marshes and pools of water in North 
America, China, and North of India. They 
require similar treatment to Galla cetMbpica. 
Synonyme : 1, Anemia califdrnica. 
califdrnica 1 W. red. gr. 6, H. Tu. P. $ California 1861 

Anem6ne, Linn. Many of the species inhabit 
elevated windy places ; hence the name, from 
anemos, the wind. Linn. 13, Or. 6, Nat. Or. 
Ranunculacea. Very showy free-flowering 
species, succeeding best in light loamy soil. 
They increase variously, from divisions, offsets, 
or seeds, and the greenhouse species may be 
propagated from cuttings in light loam under a 
glass. Synonymcs: 1, A. ochoUnsis ; 2, A. 
fragifera; 3, Clematis capensis; 4, A. tenilla; 
5, A. stellata, versicolor ; 6, A. alpina; 7, A. 
cuneifblia; 8, A. hortinsis, pavbnia ; 9, A. 
apiifblia; 10, A. multifida Hudsoniana ; \\ f 
A. ranunculohies; 12, Clematis japbnica, Atra- 
gine japbnica; 13, A. Ludoviciana, Clematis 
hirsutissima ; 14, A'pidsatilla rubra, A.pra- 
Unsis intermedia. See Hepdtica and Thalic- 
trum. 



acutipe'tala . Blue . 5 



fflbal . 
albana . . 
alpina . . 
apennlna . 
baldensis 2 
cajrulea. 
capensis 



. White . _ 
. White . 5 
. White . 
. Blue . 4 
. White . 5, 
. Blue . 5, 
Purple . 4 



caroliniana 4 . White . 5j 
cei-nua . . Bed w. 5, 
coronaria . . Striped 6, 
plena . . Striped 4, 
dahilrica . . Flesh . 5, 
deltoldea . . White . 5, 
diehdtoma . Red w. 5, 
Fischeriana . White . 4, 
Goveniana . White . 
HaTleri . . . Purple. 4, 
hortehsis 5 . Striped 4, 
miniata . . Bed. . 5, 
Hudsoni- } w ,., 

ana 10 . } White. 4, 

japbnica 12 . Rose . 6, 

hybrida . . Rose . 7, 

lancifdlia . . White . 4, 

longiscapa . White . 5, 

micrantha 6 . W. pur. 7 

montana 14 . Purple . 6 

multifida . White . 6 

narcissiflbra . White . 5, 

nemorbsa . . W. red . 4, 

cajrulea . . Lt. blue 5, 

flbre-pleno . W. red . 4, 

Nuttalliana 13 White . 7, 

obsoleta . Purple. 5, 

obtusifdlia . White . 6, 

obtusilbba. . White . 6, 

palmata . . Yellow 5 

flbre-albido . Whtsh. 5, 

flbre-flavo . Yellow 6, 

flbre-pleno . Yellow 6, 



H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Tu. P. 
H. Tu. P. 
H. Tu. P. 
G. Her. P. 
H. Tu. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
H. Tu, P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
H Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
H.Tu. P. 

H. Her. P. 

H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
H.Tu. P. 



I Switzerl. 

\ Siberia . 

\ Caucasus 

| Austria . 

| England, 

\ Switzerl. 

| Siberia . 
1 C. G. H. . 

I Carolina. 

I Japan 

\ Levant . 

i Gardens . 

& Dahuria . 

| Columbia 
1 N. Amer. 

I Siberia . 

J Nepal. . 

i Switzerl. 

i Italy . . 

\ Gardens . 

i N. Amer. 



1819 
1820 
1S21 
1658 
hiUs 
1792 
1826 
1795 
1824 
1806 
1596 • 

1819 
1827 
1768 
1827 
1844 
1S16 
1597 

1827 



2 Japan . 1844 
4 Hybrid . 

i N. Amer. 1822 
1 N. India . 1S39 

J Austria . 1800 
1 Switzerl. 1830 

i Magellan 1824 
1 Siberia . 1778 

& Britain, woods 

& Garden var. 

i Britain , woods 
1 N. Amer. 1827, 

& Germany 

i Himalaya 1844 

J Himalaya 1842 

i Portugal 1597 

J Portugal 

i Portugal 1597 

£ S. Europe 



ANE 



35 



ANa 



parviflbra 7 . 
patens . . . 

ochroletica . 
pavonlna . . 

flbre-pleno . 

ffilgens 8 
pennsylvanica 
pratensis . 
Pulsatilla . 

albida. . 

rubra . . 
quinquofblia 
ranunculoldes 
refiexa . . . 
Bichard- \ 

sbnia 11 . J 
rivularis . . 
sibirica . . . 
stellata. 

purpurea 
sulphurea 9 . 
sylvestris . . 
trif blia . . . 
umbellata . . 
uralehsis 
vernarls . . 

flbre-luteo . 
virginiana 

grandiflbra . 
vitifblia . . 



White . 5, 
Lt. yel. 6, 
Cream . 4, 
Bed . . 4, 
Bed . . 5, 
Bed. . .", 
White . 5, 
Dk.pur. 5, 
Violet . 5, 
Whtsh. 4, 
Bedpu. 5, 
White . 4, 
Yellow 4, 
Yellow 4, 



H. Tu. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
H. Tu. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
H.Tu. P. 



1 N. Amer. 1824 
1 Siberia . 1752 
1 Siberia . 1752 
1 France . 
1 Europe . 
1 S. Europe 1818 
1J N. Amer. 1766 
i Germany 1731 
1 Engl. ch. pa. 
1 Germany ]S34 
1 Germany 1834 
i N. Amer. 1817 
X Engl, woods 
J Siberia . ISIS 



Yellow 6, H. Her. P. J N. Amer. 1827 



White . 6, 
White . 6, 
White . 6, 
Purple. 5, 
Sulphur 5, 
White . 6, 
White . 4, 
Blue . 5, 
Blue . 5, 
White . 4, 
Yellow 4, 
White . 5, 
White . 6, 
White . 7, 



H. Her. P. 
H. Hor. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H.Tu. P. 
II. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H.Her.P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
F. Her. P. 



1£ N. India . 1S40 
*■ Siberia . 1804 
I Italy . . 1597 
J Italy . . 1597 
i Europe . 1816 
£ Germany 1596 
J France . 1597 
£ Levant . 1824 
i Siberia . 1S24 

1 Switzerl. 1752 

1 S. Europe 

i N. Amer. 1772 
| Gardens . 

2 Nepal. . 1829 



Anethuit, Linn. Named in allusion to the 
quick growth ; from ano, upwards, and theo, 
to run. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Apiacece. 
Useful species, succeeding in any common soil, 
and increased plentifully from seeds. The 
. seed is used in the manufacture of gin, and in 
medicine as a carminative. Synonyme : 1, 
Meum Fosnlculum. 

Fceniculum t Yellow 8, H. Her. P. 6 England, ch. pa. 

dfilce . . Yellow 8, H. Her. P. 4 Italy 
graveblens . Yellow 7, H. B. 3 Spain . 1570 

piperatum . Yellow 7, H. B. 1 Italy . . 1S24 

Sbwa . . . Yellow 7, H. A. 1 E. Ind. . . 1S10 



Anfractuous, full of turning and winding 
passages. 

Angelica, Linn. Named after its supposed 
angelic virtues. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Apiacece. Plants of the simplest culture, 
growing in any common soil, and increased 
hy division and seeds. See Archangilica, Cnl- 
diwm, Ostericum, and Selinum. Synonymes : 
1, Lwiperatdria palHstris; 2, /. verticillaris— 
flavescens, lucida, pratensis 1, Kazoulii, sylve's- 
tris, triquinata, verticillaris 2. 

Angelica-tree. Sec Aralia spinbsa. 

AngelOnia, Kwith. From angelon, its name 
in the Caraccas. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Scrophulariaccce. Elegant flowering plants, 
thriving in light rich soil or turfy loam and 
peat, carefully watered. Cuttings planted in 
the same kind of soil, under a glass, root freely 
if a little air is occasionally admitted to them. 



Synonyme 

angustifblia 
comigera 1 
floribunda 
Gardneri . 
grandifibra 
miniata 



1, A. cilia li'. 

Dk.'vio. 6, S. Her. P. 1J Mexico . 1840 

Purple. 8, S. A. 1 Brazil. .1839 

Purple . S. Her. P. 1 

W. pur. 5, S. Her. P. 3 Pernamb. 183S 

S. Her. P. 1 
Bed . . S. Her. P. 1 
6, S. Her. P. 1 



procumbens . Purple . 6, S. Her. P. 1 Brazil. . 
salicarisefblia Lt. blue 8, S. Her. P. 3 S. Amer. . 1818 
speoibsa . . Blu.pur. 8, S. Her. P. 1 Brazil. .1839 

Angianthus, Wendland. Compounded from 
aggos, vessel, and antlms, a flower. JAnn. 19, 



Or. 5, Nat. Or. Aslcracece. An ornamental 
species ; for culture, &c, see Cassinia. Syno- 
nyme : 1, Cassinia aurea. 
aureus 1 . . Yellow 7, G. Her. P. 1 N. Hon. . 1803 

Angiopteris, Hoffm. Aggeion, a vessel, and 
pleron, a wing. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Dana&ccce. 



evecta . 



. Brn. yel. 4, S. Her. P. 10 I. Luzon. 



cordifdlia 1 
lanceolata 2 



AngioriDIUM, Greville. Derived from aggeion, 
a vessel, and eidos, like. Linn. 24, Or. i), 
Nat. Or. Lycoperdacece. A minute production, 
found upon dead sticks and other decomposing 
vegetables in autumn. Synonyme : 1, Reticu- 
laria sinHosa — sinu6sum. 

AngOPHORA, Cdvanilles. In allusion to the 
make of the fruit ; from aggos, a vessel, and 
phero, to hear. Linn. 12, Or. 4, Nat. Or. 
Myrlaccce. Ornamental species ; for culture, 
&c, see Melrosideros. Synonymes: 1, Metro- 
lus; 2, M. costatus. 

Yellow 8, G. Ev. S. 10 N. Holl. . 1789 
Yellow 8, G. Ev. S. 6 N. Holl. . 1816 

Angostura bark. See Cusparia febriftiga. 
Synonyme : Qallpea Cusparia, and Bonpl&ndia 
trifoliata. 

AngrAcum, Thouars. Altered from angwrek, 
the Malayan name of such plants. Linn. 20, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidacece. A genus of fine 
Orchids, requiring similar treatment to Vanda. 
Synonymes: 1, Epidindrumfunale, Limodimim 
funale, (Eeeodadcs funalis; 2, Orchis mauri- 
tiana, Acrdbium gladiifdlium. See Grammato- 
pjipllmn, (Eceoclades, and Plmlcendpsis. 

apiculatum . 
arcuatum 
armenlacum 
ashantense . 
bilbbum . . 
brevifblium . 
caudatum . 
caulescens . 
clandestlnum 
distichum . 
eburneum . 
vlrens . . 
falcatum . . 
funale 1 . . 
glabrifblium 
gladiifblium 2 
herbaceum . 
luridum . . 
maculatum . 
micranthum 
mdnodon . . 
odoratissimum 
ornithorhyn- 
chum . . 
pellucidum . 
pertusum 
pescatoreanum 
polystachyum 
sesquipedale 
tenue . . . 
teretifdlium . 
, vesicatum . 
vlrens . . . 
viridescens . 

Anguillaria, R. Brown. Named in allusion 
to the twisted seed ; from anguilla, an eel, 
Linn. 6, Or. 3, Nat. Or. Melanihaceas. In- 
teresting dwarf species, growing well in sandy 
peat, and are multiplied from offsets. 

p 2 



. White 


9, S. Epi. 


£ S. Leone 


1844 


. White 


7, S. Epi. 


J C. G. H. 


1850 


. Apricot 6, S. Epi. 


% S. Leone 


1833 


. Cinn. . 


6, S. Epi. 


i Ashantee 


1843 


. White 


9, S. Epi. 


£ Cape Coasi 


1841 


. White 


9, S. Epi. 


i Brazil . . 


1840 


. W. gn. 


8, S. Epi. 


l| S. Leone . 


1834 


. Gn. w. 


9, S. Epi. 


1 India . . 




. White 


9, S. Epi. 


Vj S. Leone 
£ S. Leone , 


1834 


. White 


9, S. Epi. 


1834 


. White 


1, S. Epi. 


Madagas. 


1826 


. Gn. w. 


S. Epi 


1J Serampore 




. White 


10, S. Epi. 


A- China . 


1815 


. Gn. w. 


10, S. Epi. 


1 W. Ind. 


1844 


. White 


3, S. Epi. 


I. Bourbon 




. White 


2, S. Epi. 


1 Mauritius 


1S3S 


. White 


5, S. Epi. 


Mauritius 


1884 


. Brown 


9, S. Epi. 


1£ S. Leone 


1822 


. Pink . 


8, S. Epi. 


1 Af rica . 


1S19 


. White 


10, S. Epi. 


J S. Leone 




. Pink . 


6, S. Epi. 


Africa . 




. Pa.pk. 


10, S. Epi. 






j- White 
. White 


10, S. Epi 


Brazil . 


1840 


11, S. Epi. 


£ S. Leone 


1842 


. White 


in, S. Epi. 


| S. Leone 


1836 


. White 


6, S. Epi. 


^ Bourbon 


1S50 




S. Epi. 


Peru . 


1840 


. Gn. w. 


2, S. Epi. 


2 Madagas. 


187 




S. Epi. 


Para 


1840 


'. White 


6, S. Epi. 


1 S. Leone 




. Whito 


9, S. Epi. 


] Ashantee 


1844 


. White 


6, S. Epi. 
S. Epi. 


| Serampore 


1849 



ANG 



36 



ANO 



biglandul6sa . Purple . 5, F. Her. P. J N. Holl. . 1826 
diolca . . Purple . 5, P. Her. P. i N. S. W. . 1826 
indica . . . Dk.pur. 6, P. Her. P. i Tranquob. ISIS 

ANGufNEA, signifying a snake. 

AnguIvi. See Solatium Angulvi, or Madagascar 
potato. 

Angular, forming angles. 

Angularly-toothed, toothed so as to form 
angles. 

Angulate, cornered, having sharp angles. 

Angul6a, Ruiz, and Pavon. Dedicated to Don 
Francisco de Angulo, Director-General of the 
Mines of Peru, and greatly attached to botani- 
cal pursuits. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Orchidacece. Fine plants, with large showy 
flowers ; they thrive with similar treatment to 
Maxilldria, Lycdste, &c. 

Clowesii . . Yellow . 3, H. Epi. 1J Columbia 1842 

flava . . Yellow . 5, S. Epi. H Columbia 1845 

Ellekeri . . YeLcrim. i, H. Epi. lj Columbia 1845 

sanguinea . Crim. br. 4, 8. Epi. l£ Columbia 1843 

squfflida. . . Flesh col. 4, S. Epi. 1£ Peru . . 1846 

unifl&ra . . . White. . 4, S. Epi. lj Peru . . 1844 

r6sea . . . Hose . . 4, S. Epi. 1 Columbia 1843 

Angaria, Linn. A Grecian name for the 
cucumber. Linn. 21, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Cucur- 
bitdcece. Interesting species of the easiest 
culture. See also CucHmis AngHria. 

Makoyana . . Grnsh. 6, S. Ev. CI. 10 S. Amer. . 1847 
pedita . . . Yellow 7, S. Ev. CI. 12 S. Amer. . 1820 
trifobata . . Yellow 7, S. Ev. CI. 20 St. Domin. 
trilobata . Pink . 7, S. Ev. CI. 20 Carthage . 1793 
umbrdsa . . Yellow 7, S. Ev. CI. 18 S. Amer. . 1827 
■Warscewfczii . Scarlet 6, S. Ev. CI. 12 

Angus oat. See Avfoia satlva. 

Ania, LindUy. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Orchiddcecs. Singular plants, from Ceylon, 
with green flowers, having a bright yellow lip. 
Synonyme : 1, Caldnthe vvridif&sca. 

bic&rnis . . Gn. yeL 3, S. Epi. J Ceylon . 1842 
latif 61ia 1 . Gn. br. 5, 3. Ter. l| Assam . 1850 

Anictangium, H-cdwig. Compounded from 
anoi/ctos, open, and aggeion, a vase ; referring 
to the open nature of the theca. Liivn. 24, 
Or. 5, Nat. Or. Brydcecs. Small mosses, 
found in small depressed tufts in summer on 
rocks, &c. Synonyrn.es : 1, Gymnbstomum cilia- 
turn ; 2, O. imMrbe. — ciliatum 1, imberbe 2, 
striatum, s. subincdnum, s. wracolor. 

AnigosAnthus, Labill. Named in allusion to 
the long conspicuous scapes upon which the 
flowers are raised. 'Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Mozmodordceos. Interesting species, succeeding 
in sandy peat, well watered, and increased by 
dividing the roots. Synonyme : 1, Schwagri- 
chenia flavida. 

coccineus . . Crimson 7, G. Her. P. 5 Swan B. . 1837 
flavidus 1 . . Yellow . 7, G. Her. P. 3 N. Holl. . 1808 

blcolor . . Sear. gn. 6, F. Her. P. 3 SwanB. . 1837 
fuliginbsus . Yellow . 6, G. Her. P. 3 Australia 1844 
bumilia. . .Brown. F. Her. P. 3 Swan B. . 
Manglesii . . Green . 5, G. Her. P. 8 Swan E. . 1833 

angustifolius Gn. red . 7, G. Her. P. 8 N. Holl. . 1836 
pulcherrimus Yel. w. . G. Her. P. 3 Swan B. . 1840 
rufus . . . Eufous . 6, G. Her. P. 3 N. Holl. . 1824 
tyrianthus . Lemon . 5, G. Her. P. 3 Swan E. . 1849 

Anil. See Jndigbfera Aniljfr 
Animal oat. See Avlna shxilis. 
Animal resin. See Hymenfea Courbaril. 
Anisacantha, B. Brown. Derived from anisos, 



unequal, and akantha, a spine. Linn. 4, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Chenopodiacece. A very curious 
species, of easy culture. 

divarioata . G. Ev. S. 2 N. Holl. . 1824 

AnisAnthus, Willdcnow. Named from anisos, 
unequal, and anthos, a flower. Linn. 18, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Iridctceoe. Ornamental bulbous- 
rooted plants ; for culture, &c, see AniKotyza, „ 
Synonymes : 1, Antholyza Cundnia, Gladiolus 
Cunbnia; 2, 67. quadrangularis, 67. abbre.rn.dtus. 
Cunbnia 1 . . . Scarlet 6, G. Bl. P. 2 C. G. H. 1756 
quadrangularis 2 Yellow 4, G. Bl. P. 2 C. G. H. 1700 
splendens . . Scarlet 6, G. Bl. P. \\ C. G. H. 1828 

Anise. See Trdgiwm Anisim. 

Aniseed-tree, see Illicium. 

AnisEia, Ds. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Convol- 
vuldcece. See Ipomcba. 

Anise-tree. See Illicium religibsum. 

AnisochIlus, Wallich. Derived from anisos, 
unequal, and cheilos, a lip. Linn. 14, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Lamiacece. Ornamental species ; for 
culture, &c, see Lav&ndula. The juice, mixed 
with powdered sugar-candy, is prescribed in 
India in cynanche. Synonyms : 1, Lav&ndula 
carndsa. 
carn6sus . . . Lilac . 8, S. Her. P. 1J E. Ind. . 1778 

ANfsoDUS, Link. Named in allusion to the 
unequal divisions of the calyx ; from anisos, 
unequal, and odous, a tooth. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Solanacece. Synonymes : 1, Nicdndra 
andmala ; 2, Whilleya stramonifdlia. 
lilridus 1 . . . Lurid . 9, H. Her. P. 3 Nepal . 1824 
stramonifolius 2 Yel. gn. 9, H. Her. P. 4 Nopal . 1824 

Anis6meles, R. Brown. Named from anisos, 
unequal, and melos, a member. Linn. 14, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Lamiacece. Ornamental species ; 
for culture, &c, see Nipeta. Synonymes: 1, 
Ajiiga furcata ; 2, Nipela malabdrica. 
furcatal . .Blue . 8, G. Ev. S. h Nepal. .1824 
malabarlca 2 . Violet . 8, S. Ev. S. li E. Ind. . 1823 
moschlta . . Purple 8, S. Ev. S. | N. Holl. . 1824 
ovata .... Pink . 8, S. A. l| B. Ind. . 1823 

Anisopetalum, Hooker. Derived from a with- 
out, isos equal, and petalon, a petal, on accouhf 
of the inequality of the petals. Linn. 20, Or. 
. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidacece. Small plants, growing 
only a few inches high, and requiring similar 
treatment to Dendrobium. 
Careyanum . Brn. pur. 8, S. Epi. J Nepal . . 1823 

Anneslea, Wall. Named in honour of George 
Annesley, Lord Mountmorris, a traveller in N. 
Africa. Linn. 13, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Tcrnstrm- 
midceai. The only species known is a tree 
bearing very fragrant flowers, and easily cul- 
tivated in loam and heath mould. Ripened 
cuttings strike root in sand if plunged in heat, 
fragrans . . Pale yel. 1, S. Ev. T. 30 E. Ind. . 

AnnesokhJza, De Candolle. Linn. 5, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Api&cecs. — capinsis. 

Annular, circular, producing a ring or circle. 

ANNULATIONS, rings or circles. 

An6da, Oavanilles. Named in reference to the 
impervious capsule cells ; from anodos, signi- 
fying impervious. Linn. 16, Or. S, Nat. Or. 
Malvdcece. Uninteresting species ; for culture, 
&c, see SUa. Synonymes: 1, Sida hastata; 



AM) 



37 



ANS 



2, S. crislata; 3, S. crenatifldra ; 4, S. deltoides; 
5, S. cristata. — acerifdlia 1, Dilleniana 2, has- 
tata, incarnata, parviflbra 3, triangularis 4, 
triloba 5. 

Anod<5ntea, Be Candolle. From a, destitute, 
and odontos. of a tooth, alluding to the stamens. 
Linn. 15, Or. 1, Nat.. Or. Brassicacece. Or- 
namental species ; for culture, &c. , see A l$ssum. 
Synonymes : 1, Al&ssum dasycarpum; 2, Al, 
edintulum; 3, Al. halimifdlium ; 4, Al. ma- 
crocarpum ; 5, Al. rupestre; 6, Al. spindmm. 
dasycarpa 1 . Yellow 7, H. A. 1 Siberia . 1819 

macrocarpa * • 'White 6, F. Ev. S. 1 France . 1853 
obovata . . . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. J 1830 

spin&sa 6 . "White 6, F. Ev. S. i 8. Bur. . 1683 

edtmMla 2, halimifdlia 3, rupistris 5. 

AncecochIltjs. See Anoectochlhts. 

Ancectochiltjs, Blume. Supposed to he from 
anoiktos, open, and cheilos, a lip ; in allusion 
to the spreading apex of that organ. Linn. 
20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidctcece. These are 
very interesting little plants, with rather in- 
conspicuous flowers, and very handsome leaves, 
which are admirably and singularly painted 
with transverse yellowish lines upon a rich 
brown-purple ground. They require the same 
treatment as other East Indian terrestrial 
orchids. Synonymes: 1, Phys&rus argenteus, 
A. Moxb&rghii; 2. A. latimamlatus ; 3, Chry- 
sobapkus MoxbHrghii. 

albo-nwginatusWhite . 6, S. Ter. 1 B. Ind. . 
argenteus 1 . . White . 6, S. Epi. J E. Ind. . 1S46 
intermedins . White . 6, S. Ter. i Java 
Lobbianus 2 . White . 6, S. Ter. i Java . 
setaceus . . . Wht. gn. 6, S. Ter. J Java .1836 
inornatus 3 . White . 6, S. Ter. J E. Ind. . 1859 
striatus . White . 6, S. Ter. j Java 

Anomatheca, Ker. Named from anomos, sin- 
gular, and theca, a capsule. Linn. 3, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Iridaeeoe. Very interesting free- 
flowering species, succeeding in common soil, 
and multiplied plentifully from seeds. A. 
cruinta makes a pretty show when planted in 
a bed by itself in the flower-garden, where its 
neat blossoms are produced in abundance, 
cruenta . . . Blood . 7, F. Bl. P. J C. G. H. . 1830 
juncea . . Lilac . 5, G. Bl. P. J C. G. H. . 1791 

Anomochl6a, Hooker. Named from anomos, 
irregular, and chloos, green. An ornamental 
grass, its habit of growth not unlike the Ma- 
rdnta, of very easy culture, and increased by 
division. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Grami- 
nacern. 
marantoldea . G. yel. . 6, S. Grass 1J Brazil . 1861 

An<5modon, Hooker. Compounded from ano- 
mos, irregular, and odous, a tooth ; inclusion 
to the singular nature of the peristome. Linn. 
24, Or. 5, Nat. Or. Bryaceoe. The plants have 
■ dark, blackish green, long cylindrical, strag- 
gling stems, and are found on the wilds of 
Dartmoor. Synonymes : 1, Nickera curtipin- 
aula; 2, Hfipnum viticuldsum.— curtipendu- 
lum 1, viticuldsum 2. 

An6na, Adanson. From Menona, its Banda 
name. Linn. 13, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Anon&cece. 
An interesting genus, comprising for the most 
part fruit-bearing plants, preferring a moist 
heat and rich loamy soil, well watered. Bi- 



amplexicaulis 


Y. gn. 


6, 


asiatiea . . 


. Y. gn. 


o. 


Cherimdlia 1 


. Brown 


K, 


cinerea . . 


Y. gn. 


5, 


glabra .. . 


. Brown 


8. 


laurifolia . 


. Brown 


«, 


longifolia . 


. Y. gn. 


7, 


mexicana . 


. Y. gn. 


7, 


mucdsa . . 


, Y.gn. 


7, 


muricata . 


. G. yel. 


6, 


obtusifolia . 


.Y.gn. 


8, 


paluddsa . 


. Green. 


■ «, 


palustris . 


. Yellow 


8, 


punctata . 


Y.gn. 


8, 


reticulata . 


. W. gn. 


7, 


senegalensis 


. Y. gn. 


■ 8, 


squamosa . 


. W. gn. 


7, 



pened cuttings planted in sand, under a glass, 
root readily ; and fresh seed obtained from the 
tropics, sown in pots, and plunged in a strong 
hotbed, will speedily furnish good plants. The 
fruit is a pretty berry of a sub-acid taste, often 
as large as an orange, but in general more like 
a plum. A. Cherimdlia produces a succulent 
fruit of a dark purple colour, containing a soft 
sweet mucilage, and is much esteemed by the 
Peruvians. A. reticulata yields a yellowish, 
sometimes reddish, fruit, of the consistence of 
custard, and is much esteemed by some people. 
A. paMstris bears a large, smooth, heart- 
shaped, sweet-scented fruit, of an agreeable 
taste, but is a strong narcotic ; the wood of 
this plant is so remarkable for its soft spongy 
nature, as to be employed in Brazil as a sub- 
stitute for corks. Synonyme: 1, A. tripitala. 
See Asimina and Monodom. 

8. Ev. S. 10 Maurit. . 1824 
S. Ev. S. 12 Asia . . 1816 
S. Ev. T. IS S. Amer. . 1739 
S. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1818 
S. Ev. T. 16 Carolina . 1774 
8. Ev. T. 10 W. Ind. . 1773 
S. Ev. T. 20 Guiana . 1820 
S. Ev. S. 20 Mexico . 1823 
8. Ev. S. 20 E. Ind. . 1820 
8. Ev. T. 15 W. Ind. . 1656 
8. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1810 
8. Ev. S. 4 Guiana . 1803 
S. Ev. S. 10 W. Ind. . 1731 
S. Ev. 8. 50 Trinidad . 1818 
8. Ev. T. 20 8. Amer. . 1600 
S. Ev. S. 6 Guinea . 1824 
8. Ev. 8. 20 S. Amer. . 1731 

AnonAce^;, an order of ornamental trees and 
shrubs. The produce of some, as the Custard 
Apple, Cherimoyer, &c. , are esteemed excellent 
dessert fruit. 

AirdNYMOS. See Zbrnia. 

An6pteris, Bp. Derived from ano, upwards, 
and pteron, a wing ; winged seeds. Linn. 10, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Escalloni&cem. Only one 
species has been introduced — a very fine green- 
house shrub, with large handsome leaves. It 
is easily grown in loam and peat, and increased 
by cuttings, 
glandulosus . White . 2, G. Ev. S. 20 V. D. L. . 1S23 

An6tis, De Candolle. From a, privative, and 
ous, an ear ; teeth to calyx. Linn. 4, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Cinehonaceae. A pretty little plant, 
which will flower from June to September in 
the open border or on rockwork, for which it 
is remarkably well adapted. It requires the 
protection of a frame or greenhouse during 
winter, and may be increased by dividing the 
roots. Synonymes: 1, HedyUis ciiioldsa, 
Houstdnia ciiioldsa. 
ciliolfcsa 1 . Pa. lilac . 7, F. Her. P. i N. Amer. . 1832 

Anekdbra, Juss. Derivation of name unknown. 
Linn. 5, Or. 3, Nat. Or. Baselldcece. A plant 
of easy culture in any common soil,, and in- 
creased by division. Synonymes: 1, Basilla 
vesicaria, Polygonum scdndens. 
spicata 1 . . Blush . 7, S. Her. CI. 12 Cuba . 1741 

Ansellia, Lindley. Named in honour of Mr. 
Ansell, a young collector, who, when ill at 
Fernando Po, from the effects of the Nigei 



ANS 



38 



ANT 



Expedition, found the plant on which the 
genus is founded growing on the stems of the 
Oil Palm (El&is guine&nsis). Linn. 20, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Orchid&cece. "A nohle Orchid, with 
flowers somewhat the colour and appearance of 
a large Cymbid, but far more showy. It roots 
freely in turfy heath-mould, and requires an 
ample supply of water during the growing 
season. In winter a season of rest is necessary, 
when little or no water should be given, a 
damp atmosphere being sufficient for all the 
requirements of the plant." — Bot. Reg. 30. 
Synonyme: 1, A. gigdntea. 

africana . . Br. gn. yel. 2, S. Epi. 2 Perno. Po . 1844 
natalensis 1 Br. gn. yel. 2, S. Epi. 2 l''erno. Po . 

AnserIna. See Potentllla Anserina. 

Anserinous, relating to geese. 

Antarctic Evergreen hee'ch. 'See F&gus antarc- 
tica. 

AntennAria, E. Brown. In reference to the 
down of the pappus, which is like the an- 
tenna? of some insects. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Aster&cece. Mostly interesting species ; 
for culture. &c, see OnapJitiliicm. Synonymes: 
1, GnapIi&Kum alplnum; 2, A. didica hyper- 
bbrea. 

alplna . . . Pink . 6, H. Her. P. J Alp. Eur. . 1775 
carpatica 1 . Pink . 6, H. Her. P. 1 Carp. Mo. 1775 
contbrta . . White 7, P. Her. P. 2 Nepal . . 1821 
diolca . . . Pink . 6, H. Her. P. J Britain . hills 
hyperborea 2 Whtsh.6, H. Ev. Cr. J I. Skye .mts. 
margaritacea White 7, H. Her. P. l| England . mea 
plantagiuea . White 7, H. Her. P. 1 Virginia . 1759 
triplinervis . White 8, P. Her. P. £ Nepal . . 1823 
wndul&ta, obtusifblia. 

Anterior, growing in front of anything. 

Anteuphorbium. See Oacalia Anteuphorbium. 

Anthelmia. See SpigUia AnthSlmia. 

Anthelmintic, capable of killing worms. 

Anthemis, Linn. In allusion to the great pro- 
duction of flowers ; from anthemon, a flower. 
Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asteruccce. These 
species are more useful than ornamental, and 
may be grown in common soil, and increased 
from seed. A. nbbilis is a very useful herb, 
and is employed medicinally as a tonic car- 
minative anodyne, and when taken in large 
doses it proves a powerful emetic. Synonym.cs: 
1, A. marilima ; 2, A. saxdlilis ; 3, A. pen- 
grlna ; 4, A. incrasscita ; 5, PyvUhrum orien- 
tale; 6, A. p6rrigens. See Anacpclus and Clad- 
dntlius. 

alplna . . White. 7, H. Her. P. J Austria .1824 
altissima. . White. 7, H. A. 6 S.Eur. .1731 

apiifolia . . White. 7, G. Her. P. 2 China . . 1819 
austrlaca. . White. 8, H. A. 1 Austria .1759 

Barrelieri . White . 8, H. Be Tr. 1 Italy . . 1S25 
carpatica . White .'6, H. Her. P. J Carpat. .1820 
Chamomilla White. 7, H. Her. P. 1 S. Eur. . 1807 
Chla . . . White. 6, H. A. 1J- Chio .1731 

coronopif61ia White . 5, H. Her. P. 1 Spain . .1818 
Cot» . . White. 4, H. A. 1 Italy . .1714 

diseoldea . Yellow 6, H. ■ A. 1 Italy . . 1800 
fallax . . White . 7, H. A. 1 .1825 

fruticulbsa . White . 8, H. Her. P. 1J Cancas. . 1820 
fuscata . . White. 7, H. A. 1 ~ 

globosa . . White . 7, G-. Her. P. 1 
grandifldra . White. 7, H. Her. P. 1 
iberica . . White. 8, H. Her. P. 1 



incrassata . White. 7, H. Her. P. 
Kitaibelii 2 . White. 6, H. Her. P. 
maritima . White. 7, H. A. 

Marshalliana Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 



Portugal . 1805 
S. Eur. . 1570 
S. Eur. . 1825 
Iberia . . 1820 
Prance . 1818 
Hungary . 1823 
Meditor . 1800 
Cauoas . 1816 



mixta 

montana 

mucronu- 

lata 8 
nbbilis 



melampodia. White. 8, H. Her. P. 1 Egypt. .1819 
. White . 8, H. A. 1 Prance . 1731 

. Purple 7, H. Her. P. J Italy . . 1759 

} White. 7, H. An. 1 Italy . .1836 

. White . S, H. Ev. Cr. i Britain, past. 

fl6re-pleno . White . 8, H. Ev. Cr. £ Britain, gdns. 

petraja . . White . 7, H. De. Tr. 1 Italy . . 1826 

pubescons . White. 7, H. Her. P. 1 S.Eur. . 

punctata . . White . 8, G. Ev. S. I Barbary. 1818 

Pyrethrum . White. 5, H. Her. P. 1 S. Eur. . 1670 

rigesccns . . White. 8, H. Her. P. 1 Cauoas. . 1805 

Rudolphiana5 Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 1 Caucas. . 1824 

ruthenica . . White. 6, H. A. 1J Tauria . 1823 

saxatilis . White . 7, H. Hor. P. 1 Hngry. . 1807 

tinctdria . . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. 1A Britain rocks 

tomentdsa . White . 7, H. Her. P. | Levant . 1795 

Triumfetti . Pa. yel. 8, H. B. 1 Switz. .1819 

dnglical, ame'nsis, ardbica, Cotula, niaxinsisS, 
peduneulMa i, peregrina, roxemdsa, retUsa, 
secundir&mea. 
Anthephora, Schreber. Compounded from 
anlhos, a flower, and phoreo, to bear. Linn. 
3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Oraminacece. An interest- 
ing species of grass, of easy culture. Syno- 
nymes: 1, THpsacum hcrmaphroditum, Ctm- 
chrus IwmgMus. 
elegans 1 . Apotal . 8, Grass. 2 Jamaica . . 1776 

Antherictjm, Linn. Applied by the Greeks to 
the stem of the asphodel. Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. JAH&cece. This interesting genus 
comprises some very beautiful species, and 
all may be grown in a mixture of loam and 
peat, with the addition of a little sand. 
The shrubby species propagate readily from 
cuttings ; and from the bulbous kinds, offsets' 
may he obtained. Most of them perfect seed. 
None of the species will thrive if over- watered, 
and the bulbous kinds should not have any 
water in winter. Synonyme: 1, Scilld pomeri- 
di&na. See Albtica, Arthrop6dium, Bidwillia, 
Bulblne, Chlorophi/tum, Czdclcia, Echedndia, 
Gagca, Plialdngium, SimUhis and Tridioptia- 
lum. 



albucoldes . 
bipeduncu- ) 

latum | 
creruleum . 
canalicula- ) 

turn / 
rufum . . 
croceum . . 
falcatum 
filifdlium . 
filiforme . 
fiexif61ium . 
floribundum 
fragrans . 
graminifd- ^ 

lium J 
hirsutum . 
lalifolium . 
lougifdlium. 
nutans . . 
pil&sum . . 
plumdsum . 
pomeridia- ) 

num 1 ) 
revolutum . 
serotlnum 
spirale . . 
squamoum . 
sulphureum 
trifldrum 
undulatum . 
vespertlnum 
villosiim 



White 
White 
Blue 



7, G. 
5, G. 



Her. P. 
Her. P. 



5, G. Her. P. 



1 C. G. H. 1788 
1 C. G. H. 1S25 
1 



Wht. gr. 5, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 1774 

Copper . 6, G. Her. P. & C. G. H. 

White . 6, P. Her. P. f C. Q. H. 1800 

White . 7, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 1825 

White . 5, G. Her. P. J C. G. H. 1820 

White . 4, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 1775 

White . 6, G. Her. P. | C. G. H. 1795 

White . 4, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 1774 

White . 5, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 1795 



White 

White 
White 
White 
White 
White 
White 

White 

White 

White 

White 

White 

Pur. yel. 

White 

White 

White 

White 



. 6, G. 

, 7, G. 
. 4, G. 
. 7, G. 
. 4, G. 
, 7, G. 
3, F. 

6, G. 

10, G. 

7, H. 
.6, G. 

7, G. 
7, H. 
. 9, G. 

6, G. 
. 6, G. 

7, G. 



Her. P. li C. G. H. 1794 



Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 



C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
Chile. . 



1S20 
1812 
1S24 
1812 
1825 
1S29 



Her. P. 2 C. G. H. 1819 



Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 



C. G. H. 1731 
Britain, hills 



C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
Hngry. . 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 
C. G. H. 



1824 
1820 
1823 
1782 
1826 
1803 



ANT 



39 



ATH 



Antheriferous, bearing anthers. 

A"NTHEROp6gon, Linn. Anthera, an anther, 
and pogon, a beard. Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Graminacea. Grasses growing in any common 
soil. See Atheropdgon. 

Anthers, the male parts of a flower, containing 
the fecundating matter. 

ANTHERtrRUS, Blume. Anthera, an- anther, 
and oura, a tail. Linn. 21, Or. 7, Nat. Or. 
Ardcece. A genus closely related to Arum, 
and requiring similar treatment. Synonymes : 
1, Arum ternatum, A . bulbbsum. 
ternatus . purple . 6, G. Her. P. | Japan . .. 1774 

A nthIna, Fries. Derived from anthinus, florid ; 
referring to the colour. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. 
Or. Botryt&cece. Minute productions, found 
on the decayed and decaying leaves— miniata. 

Anthistiria, Willdenow. Named in allusion 
to the very stiff stubble, from anthislcri. 
Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Gramindcece. Un- 
interesting species, of simple culture. Syno- 
nyme: 1, Andropbgon quadrivdlvis— australis, 
ciliata 1. 

Anthocercis, LabillardUre. Named in refe- 
rence to the radiated corolla, from anthos, a 
flower, and kirkis, a ray. Linn. 14, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Scrophularidcece. These pretty spe- 
cies succeed well in a mixture of loam and 
peat, with the pots well drained, and the 
plants carefully watered; cuttings root in 
sand under a glass. 

albicans . . Whits . . 6, G. Bv. S. 3 N. Holl. 1824 
ilicifolia . . Yellow . . 6, G. Her. P. 3 Swn. B. 1843 
littdrea . White . . 6, G. Ev. S. 8 N. Holl. 1S03 

■riscbsa . . . White . . 5, G. Ev. S. 6 N. Holl. 1822 

Anth<5ceros, E. Botany. From anthos, a flower, 
and Tce.roe.is, horned ; alluding to the horn-like 
form of the theca. Linn. 24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. 
Jungermannidcece. Small f rondose plants, with 
long, slender,' two-valve'd theca, in habit re- 
sembling Jungermdnnia. — major, multifidus, 
punctatus. 

ANTHOOLEisTA, Afzelius. From anthos, a flower, 
and cleistos, shut up. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Loganidcece. Ornamental trees, thriving 
well in peat and loam, and increased from 
cuttings. 

macrophylla. White . . 6, S. Ev. T. 20 S. Leone 1820 
ndbilis . . White . . 6, S. Ev. T. 20 S. Leono 

Anthodon, Ruiz and Pavon. Derived from 
anthos, a flower, and odous, a tooth. Linn. 
3, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Hippocratedcece. Interest- 
ing evergreen species, growing in rich loam 
and peat, and propagated from cuttings in 
sand under a glass. 

elllpticum . Tel. grn. . 6, S. Ev. S. 12 Rio Jan. 1818 
paniculatum Tel. grn. . 6, S. Ev. S. 12 Bio Jan. 1818 

Anthol6ma, La' Billardiere. Named from 
anthos, a flower, and loma, a fringe. Linn. 
13, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Marcgraaviacece. A 
beautiful tree, preferring rich loam, mixed 
with a little peat; ripened cuttings root in 
sand under a glass, 
monttaa . White . . 6, S. Ev. T. 20NewHolL 810 



AntholVza, Linn. A figurative name, from 
anthos, a flower, and lyssa, rage ; the flowers 
look like the mouth of an animal ready to 
bite. Linn. 3, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Iridacece. An 
interesting genus of bulbous plants, thriving 
well in sandy soil under a south wall ; the 
roots should be planted deep enough so as to 
be out of the reach of severe frost ; they in- 
crease easily from offsets. Synonyme: 1, A. 
aethiipiea vitlgera. See Anisdnlhus. 
ffithi6pioa . . Scr. grn. ' . 6, H. Bl. P. 3 C. G. H. 1759 
montana . Brown . . 6, H. BI. P. 1 C. G. H. 1822 
prsealta 1 . Orange . . 2, H. Bl. P. 2 C. G. H. 
Anth6phorum, the receptacle on which the 

petals, stamen, and ovary are seated. 
ANTHOSPERMUM, Linn. From anthos, a flower, 
and sperma, seed. Linn. 22, Or. 4, Nat. Or. 
Vinchonace.ce,. Amber Tree. An interesting 
species, delighting in loam and peat, and cut- 
tings strike freely in soil. 

fflthifipicum . Grn. writ. . 6, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 1692 
Anthoxanthtjm, Linn. From anthos, a flowei', 
and xcmthus, yellow. Linn. 2, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Gramindcece. Spring Grass. Interesting 
species of grass, of the simplest culture. It is 
the dried herbage of A. odoratum that gives 
the sweet peculiar fragrance in meadow hay, 
said to depend on the presence of benzoic 
acid. 

amarum . . Apetal . . 6, H. Grass 1 Morocco 1810 

gracile . . . Apetal . . 3, H. Grass 1 Sicily 1S20 

odoratum . . Apetal . . 5, H. Grass 1 Britain, mea. 

laxum . . Apetal . . 5, H. Grass 1 Britain, mea. 

pub^scens . Apetal . . 5, H. Grass 1 Britain, mea. 

rambsum . Apetal . . 5, H. Grass 1 Britain, mea, 

ovatum . . . Apetal . . 7, H. Grass 1 Spain, 1821 

ANTHRfscus, Persoon. The name of a plant 

described by Pliny resembling Scdndix. Linn. 

5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Apiacece. Uninteresting 

species, of the simplest culture. See Torilis. 

Synonyme: 1, Scdndix Anthriscus — fumarioldes, 

hispida, nemordsa, nodbsa, tailrica, trichos 

perma, tuberculata, vulgaris 1. 

ANTHiTRlUM, Smith. Anthos, a flower, and 

oura, a tail, floriferous spadix. Linn. 4, Or. 

1, Nat. Or. Orontiacem. For cultivation, &c, 

see Pbtlws. 

am&num . . Brown . 5, S. Her. P. £ Caraccas 1828 
cytisoldes . . Tellow . 5, S. Her. P. J 
glaucescens . Brown . 9, S. Her. P. 1 Mexico . 1829 
gracile . . . Green . 5, S. Her. P. J Trinidad 1825 
Harrisii . . . Gr. Bro. 5, S. Her. P. 8 Brazil . 1824 
leuconeurum . Brown . 5, S. Her. P. J S. Amer. 
longifblium . Brown . 9, S. Her. P. 1 Mexico . 1829 
microphyllum Purple . 9, S. Her. P. J Brazil . 1829 

Anthtllis, Linn. From anthos, a flower, and 
ioylos, down ; in reference to the flowers being 
usually downy. Linn. 16, Or. 6, Nat. Or. 
Faictcece. Beautiful free - flowering species, 
proper for ornamenting rock- work. The hardy 
perennial and annual kinds thrive well in a 
warm situation and light soil. The greenhouse 
and frame kinds succeed best in sandy loam 
and peat, and increase plentifully from seeds, 
and sometimes from cuttings. Synonymes: 1, 
Vulmeraria rubrifldra; 2, A. cornuAna; 3, 
Vulnerctria polyphflla ; 4, A. r&stica; 5, A. 
itdlica. See jtbemis and Lespcdeza. 
alplna ■,. . . Tellow 8, H. Her. P. i Britain, mts. 
Aspalatbi . . Tellow 7, G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H. 1824 



ANT 



40 



APE 



Barba Jdvis . Pa. yel. 4, G. Ev. S. 8 S. Eur. . 1640 
corniclna . . White . 7, H. A. 1 Spain . 1759 

cytisoldes . . White . 6, G. Ev. S. 2 Spain . 1731 
DiUenii 1 . . Bed . 7, H. Her. P. J S. Eur. . 1816 
echinata . . Purple 6, G. Ev. S. 1 S. Eur. 
erinacea . . Purple 5, P. Ev. S. 1 Spain . 1759 
Gerardi . . White . 8, H. Her. P. J Provence 1806 
ham&sa 2 . .Pa. yel. 7, H. A. i Barbary . 1821 

Hermannise . Yellow 7, P. Ev. S. 1J Levant . 1739 
heterophylla . Pink . 7, G. Ev. S. 1 S. Eur. . 1768 
lotoldea . . Yellow 7, H. A. I Spain . 1739 

montana . . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. J S. Eur. . 1759 
alba . . . White . 7, H. Her. P. ■ | S. Eur. . 1818 

0n id b e7 CM °:} Tellow • r - H - Her - *• * SP^ ■ lsl ? 

polycephala . Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Barbary 1829 

polyphylla 3 Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. 1 S. Eur. . 1816 

tenuifblia . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 1J- C. G. H. 1818 

tetraphylla . Yellow . 7, H. A. 1 S. Eur. . 1640 

Vulneraria . Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. £ Brit. cha. pa. 

albifldra 4 ; White . 7, H. Her. P. $ Brit. cha. pa. 

hi ^*f si ; ] Bed . . 7, H. Her. P. i Europe . 1816 

rubra . . Bed . . 7, H. Her. P. i Brit. cha. pa. 
WebbiAna . Pa. rose 6, H. Her. P. J Teneriffe 1829 

AntiAris, Lcsch. Antiar or Antschar, its Java- 
nese name. Linn. 21, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Arto- 
carp&cecz. This is the far-famed Upas poison- 
tree of Java— ^the Boom or Bon Upas of the 
Javanese. The poison obtained from it is of a 
most deadly nature, and is called Upas, Oupas, 
or Ipo. The tree grows in Java and the 
neighbouring isles, attaining a large size, and 
its exhalations produce very unpleasant effects 
upon persons who stay long near it. The 
cultivation is easy, requiring merely to be 
potted in a mixture of light sandy loam and 
heath mould, and in the growing season to 
have plenty of heat and moisture, 
toxicaria . . Green . 5, S. Ev. T. 110 Java ■ . 1S44 

Anti-aphrodisiacal, any thing which checks 
the desire of sexual intercourse. 

AntidBsma, Linn. So called from the use of 
the bark in making ropes ; from' anti, like, 
and desmos, bond. Linn. 22, Or. 5, Nat. Or. 
Stilaginacea. Plants requiring a rich loamy 
soil ; ripened cuttings with their leaves on, 
root in sand, in a moist heat, 
guineensis . Apetal . 5, S. Ev. S. 6 Guinea . 1825 
pubescens . Apetal . 5, S. Ev. S. 6 E. Ind. . 1818 
zeylanica . Apetal . 6, S. Ev. S. 6 Ceylon . 1821 
alexMria, panicul&ta. 

Antidesmads. See Stilaginacew. 

Antigramma, Presl. Anti, like, and gramma, 
writing, linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Polypo- 
di&cece. A genus of tender ferns requiring only 
ordinary treatment. See Aspliniwm. 
rhizophylla . Brown . 5, G. Her. P. | JT. Amer. 1680 

Anti-pestilential, efficacious against pestilence. 

Anti-phrasiS, the use of words in a sense op- 
posite to that of some neighbouring parallel 
sentence. 

AntirrhInum, Zinn. Derived from anti, simi- 

• lar, and rhin, nose ; the flowers of most of the 
species bear a perfect resemblance to the snout 
of some animal. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Scrophulariaccce. Very pretty flowering spe- 
cies, succeeding well in common soil, and 
increased plentifully from cuttings or seeds. 
See Linaria and Nemesia. 



angustifblium Pink 
Asarlna . White 



. 8, H. Her. P. 2 Eur. . 1817 
. 7, P. Ev. Tr. i Italy . 1699 



calyclnum .Red . . 7, H. A. 1 Spain 1810 

glandulosum. Bo. yel. . 9, H. A. 2 Califn. 1834 

majus . . .Pink . . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Eng., walls 

bleolor . . Scar. wht. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Eng., walls 

ca ioi3es yl " } Soar - stpd - r - H - Her - R 1J H y b -'S ard - 

coocineus .Scarlet. .7, H. Her. P. 2 Eng., gard. 

flbre-plfeno . Flesh . . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Eng., gard. 

quadrlcolor . Bed p. wh. 8, H. Her. P. 1J Hyb.,gard. 

variegatum . Bed . . . 7, H. Her. P. lj Eng., gard. 

Youngianum Bo. p. wht. 7, H. Her. P. lj Hyb.,gard. 

medium . . Pink . S, H. Her. P. 2 Eur. . 1821 

meonanth'um Pink . .8, H. Her. P. 2 S.Eur. 1817 

m611e . . . White . 8, P. Ev. P. 1 Spain 1752 

montevid&ise Bed . . . 7, H. A. 1 M.Vid. 1829 

ochroleucum . Pa. yel. . 7, H. Her. P. 4 Eng. Hyb. 

©rdntium . . Flesh . . 8, H. A. 1 Brit. Sa.pa. 

sempervlrens. Pink . 8, H. Her. P. 2 Pyren. 1821 

siculum . . White . . 7, H. Her. P. 1£ Sicily 1804 

tortudsum . Purple . . 6, H. Her. P. 1 J Italy . 

Anti-scrophulous, efficacious against scurvy, 
anti-scorbutic. 

Anti-septic, efficacious against putrefaction. 

Antjar poison. See AntiAris. 

Antr6phvum, Kanlfuss. Named in reference- 
to its native places of habitation, from antron, 
a cavern, smiphio, to grow. Linn. 24, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Potypodidcece. An interesting species 
of fern, of easy culture. Synonyms : 1 , He- 
miarAtis lanceolata. 
lanceolatum 1 . Brown . 8, S. Her. P. J W. Ind. 1793 

Antwerp hollyhock. See Alth&a ficifblia. 

ANvfLLEA, Dc Candolle. Derivation of name 
unknown. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Aste- 
racece. 
Garcini . . . Yellow . 5, S. Ev. S. 2 Levant 1827 

Anychia, MicJix. Named from its affinity to 
Paronychia. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Illece- 
bracece. An ornamental species ; for culture, 
&c. , see Paronychia. Synonyme : Qu&ria 
canadensis. 
dichfitoma . . Green . 7, H. B. J N. Amer. 1806 

A6tus, Smith. The ear-like appendages are 
wanting ; hence the name from a, privative, 
and otis, ear. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Fabacecs. Pretty greenhouse species ; for cul- 
ture, &c, see Pultendsa. Synonyme: 1, Gas- 
troldiinm HUgelli. 

cordifblius 1 Yellow . 5, G. Ev. S. 3 Swan B. . 1848 
Drummdndi Yel. red 5, G. Ev. S. 3 Swan B. . 1850 
gracilis . . Yellow . 4, G. Ev. S. 1 N. Holl. . 1830 
gracfUimus . Yel. cr. 6, G. Ev. S. 3 N. Holl. . 1844 
lanigerua . Crim. y. 4, G. Ev. S. 2 Moreton B. 1833 
inoana . . Yellow . 6, G. Ev. S. 2 N. Holl. . 1824 
villisa . . Yellow . 6, G. Ev. S. 2 N. Holl. . 1790 
ericoldes Yellow . 6, G. Ev. S. L} N. Holl. . 1810 
ferrugfaea . Yellow . 6, G. Ev. S. H N. Holl. . 1820 
•virgata , . Yellow . 6, G. Ev. S. if N. Holl. . 1824 

ApalochlXmys. See Casslnia. 

Apargia, Scopoli. A name applied by the 
Greeks to a plant now unknown. Linn. 19, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. AsUracem. Herbaceous 
plants, of simple culture. Synonyme: 1, A. 
cichoracea. 

aurantlaca . Orange . 6, H. Her. P. I Hungary 1816 
alplna, dspera, cauedsica, coronopifblia, crispa, 
crdcea, dubia, fasciculata 1, Gouani, hdslilis, , 
hispida, hyoserddes, incana, macrorhlsa, stri- 
gdsa, Tardxaci, FillArsi. 

Apeiba, Margraav. A name given by the 
natives of Brazil, to Apeiba Tibburbou. Linn. 
13, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Tiliacm. Beautiful trees, 



APE 



41 



APL 



with large leaves and , fine yellow flowers, 
thriving well in loam and peat, and propa- 
gated by cuttings of the ripened wood, in 
sand, in heat, under a glass, carefully watered. 
The best way to make them flower in this 
country, is by ringing the large branches, 
and by this means checking the flow of sap. 
Synonymes: 1, A. Mspida; 2, A. hirs&ta; 
3, Aubletia Icevis. 

. Yellow . 8, S. Ev. T. 30 Cayenne . 1792 



glabra 3 . . Gr. yel. . 6, S. Bv. T. 15 Cayenne . 1817 

Bavis . . . Green . 8, 8. Bv. T. 12 Cayenne . 1817 

Fetoumo 1 . Yellow . S, S. Bv. T. 40 S. Amer. . 1817 

Tibourbou, 2 Yellow . 8, S. Bv. T. 19 S. Amer. . 1756 

Apbea, Beauv. Derived from a, without, and 
pera, sack. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Gra- 
minacece. Synonymes: 1, Agr6stis interrtipta ; 
2, Agrtstis splca-venta — interrupta 1, splca- 
venta 2 See Agrtstis. 

Aperient, possessing a slight purgative quality. 

Apertus, open, expanded. 

Apetalous, without petals. 

Apex, the summit of anything. 

Aphaca. See Lathyrus Aphaca. 

Aphajtanthe, Link. Derived from apMnos, 
obscure, and anthos, flower ; in allusion to the 
flowers being destitute of beauty. Linn. 8, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Phytolaccacece. A curious 
species, grown in peat and loam ; cuttings, 
celosioldes . Wht. gr. 7, G. Bv. S. 1 J Brazil . . 1813 

Aphanes. See Alchemilla Aphanes. 

Aphanes. See Erica ApJianes. 

AphanochIlus, Benth. From aphanos, obscure, 
and cheilos, a lip, in reference to the obscurity 
of the lip of the flower. Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Lamictceoe. An ornamental species ; for 
culture, &c, see Mentha. Synonyme: 1, 
Mentha bldnda. 
inclsus .' . White. 9, H. Her. P. 2 Nepal . .1824 

AphelAndra, R. Brown. From apheles, sim- 
ple, and aner, a male ; the anthers being one- 
celled. Linn. 15, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Acanthaceoz. 
These splendid stove plants, to succeed well, 
should have a good turfy loam and peat,_and be 
grown in proportioned sized pots, judiciously 
drained ; when the plants are in a growing 
state, they should have a good supply of water 
at the roots, and frequently a powerful syringing 
on the leaves," &c. Synonymes: 1, RvMia, 
cristata, Justicia pulchirrima. See Thyrsa- 
cdnthiis. 

aurantlaca . Or. soar. 12, S. Bv. S. 3 Mexico . 1844 
cristata 1 . . Scarlet . 8, S. Ev. S. 3 W. Ind. . 1733 
lateritia . . Bed . . 6, S. Bv. S. 3 Guatmla. 1854 
Porteana . . Orange . 6, S. Bv. S. 2 Brazil . 1855 
squarr5sa . Yellow . 5, S. Ev. S. 3 Brazil . 1854 
LeoT)61di . Yellow . 5, S. Bv. S. 3 Brazil . 1855 
variegata . Yellow . 5, S. Bv. S. 2J Brazil . 1854 
varieglta. . Or. yel. . 5, S. Ev. 8. 3 Brazil . 1852 
ilegans, GhiesbrSghtii, longiracemdsa. 

Aphelexis, D. Don. From apheles, simple, 
and exis, habit ; in reference to the habit of 
the species. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Aster- 
ocean. Ornamental species ; for culture, &c, see 
Elichrpsum. Synonymes : 1, Elichrysum erico- 
Ues; E. fasciculatum ; 3, E. specldbile, pini- 
fbliwm; i, E. sesamoldes, Xerdnthemum sesa- 



moids ; 5, Elichrpsum macrdnthum ; 6, E. 

niveum. See also HeKpterum. 

ericoldes 1 . White . 6, G. Ev. S. i C. G. H. . 1796 

fasciculata 2. Pur. yel. 6, G. Bv. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1799 

alba . . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1799 

rubra . .Red . . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1799 

versicolor . Varieg. . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1799 

grandifldra . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. . 1731 

macrantha, 5 Wht. red 8, G. Bv. S. 2 Sw. River 1838 

rfisea . . . Eose . . 8, G. Bv. 8. 2 Swan R. . 1838 

hiimilis 3 . Pink . . 5, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1810 

rdsea . Rose . . 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 

sesamoldes4- Pur. w. . 5, G. Bv. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1739 

spectabilis 6 Wht. pk. 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 Swan R. . 1838 

rupestris . . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 

Aphthous, resembling something covered with 
little ulcers. 

Aphtll^;. See Thallogens— leafless plants of 
the simplest structure. 

AphyllAnthes, Linn. Its stems are like a 
rush, and bear on their summit a little tuft of 
flowers ; hence the name from aphyllos, leaf- 
less, and anthos, flower. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Liliaccce. This pretty species delights in 
peat that is somewhat sandy, and increases by 
dividing the roots or by seeds, 
monspeliensis . Red . 6, P. Her. P. 1 France . 1,791 

ApiAcile:, umbelliferous plants. A very large 
order, chiefly natives of northern climates. 

ApIcra, Wittdenow. Derived from apiJcros, not 
bitter ; probably in allusion to the taste not 
being like bitter aloes. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Liliaceoe. Very interesting species of suc- 
culents ; for culture, &c, see Aloe. Syno- 
nymes: 1, Aloe spiralis; 2, Aplcra pseHdo- 
rigida. 

aspera . . Grey . 6, G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H. . 1795 
asperula . . Grey . 6, G. Ev. S. i C. G. H. . 1824 
bicarinata . Grey . 6, G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H. . 1820 
bullulata . . Grey . 5, G. Ev. 8. li C. G. H. 
foliolbsa . . Grey . 7, G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H. . 1795 
imbricata 1 . Grey . 6, G. Ev. 8. 1J C. G. H. . 1731 
nigra . . . Grey . 7, G. Bv. 8. i C. G. H. . 1823 
pentagdna . Grey . 6, G. Ev. S. 1J C. G. H. . 1731 
t6rta . . . Grey . 6, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. . 1800 
rigida 2 . Grey . 6, G. Ev. 8. i O. G. H. . 1820 
spiralis . Grey . 6, G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H. . 1790 
spirella . Grey . 8, G. Ev. S. 1J C. G. H. . 1808 

Apiculatum, the flowers resembling a bee. 

Apiculate, 1 term ; natill g ^ a little point. 

Apictjlated, J ° r 

ApfPERA, like a bee. 

Apios, Boerhaave. From apion, a pear ; in re- 
ference to the form of the roots. Linn. 17, Or. 
4, Nat. Or. Fdbdtcece. An ornamental species ; 
for culture, &c, see Clitoria. The roots may be 
eaten with safety. Synonyme: 1, Glycine' 
Apios. See Wistaria. 
tuberbsa . Brown pnk. 8, H. Tu. P. 6 N. Amer. . 1640 

Apium, Linn. Derived from the Celtic word 
apon, water ; in allusion to the place where 
the plants grow. Linn. 5, Or. . 2, Nat. Or. 
Apiaceot. The mode of cultivating these plants 
is so well known, that we need not mention it 
here. See Petroselinum. 
gravedlens . White . . 7, H. B. 4 Britain, ditches 

fractoph^Uum, prostr&tum, romanum, temci- 
turn. 
Aplbctrttm, Nuttall From a, without, and 
pleJctron, a spur ; the flower is spurless. Linn, 



APL 



42 



AQU 



20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidacem. A curious 
little plant growing freely in sandy peat, and 
increased by offsets — Corallorhiza hiemalis. 
hiemlle . . Brown . 4, H. Ter. 1 N. Amer. . 1827 

AplopAppus, De CandolU. From aploos, simple, 
and. pappus, down. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Wat. Or. 
Asteracece. Plants- of the easiest culture, 
ciliatus . Yellow . 9, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. . 1S21 

Aplophyllum, Jussieu. From aploos, simple, 
phyllon, a leaf. The leaves are simple. Linn. 
10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Rutacece. Uninteresting 
species, of easy culture. Synonymes : 1, Rula 
dahurica ; 2, R. linifblia ; 3, R. patavina; 
4, R. pv.oisce.ns; 5, R. sua.mble.ns; 6, R. villbsa 
— Buxbaiimii, dahiiricum 1, linifolium 2, pata- 
vmum 3, pubescens 4, suave61ens 5, tubercu- 
latum, villosum 6. 

Aplotaxis. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Aster- 
acece. Herbaceous plants of easy culture, 
merely requiring to be planted in the open 
borders, and increased by division of the roots. 
Synonymes: 1, Carduus heteromdllus ; 2, 
Saussurea Frolbvii. 

albescens . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 2 India . . 1837 
candicans . Purple . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Nepaul . 1820 
Froldvii . . Purple . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1827 

Apluda, Linn. Derived from apluda, chaff; 
the resemblance of the involucres to chaff. 
Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Oraminaceoo. An 
uninteresting species, of the easiest culti- 
vation. Synonyme: 1, Andropbgon involu- 
cratus — aristata 1. 

Afootnace^s. An order of plants, most of 
them containing acrid milky juices very poi- 
sonous. Many bear handsome flowers. 

Apocynum, Linn. Derived from apo, away, 
and kyon, a dog ; supposed to be mortal if 
eaten by dogs. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Apocynaceas. Plants of little beauty, but easy 
culture ; A. androscemifblium is acrid, and. 
blisters the skin. The stalks of A. cannoMnum 
afford the North. American Indians a substi- 
tute for hemp, of which they make twine, 
bags, fishing-nets, and lines, also linen for 
their own wear. See Bustegia and Iehnocarpus. 
androsasmifMium Strip. 8, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1688 
cannSbinum . . Yel. 8, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 1B99 
hypericifdlium . Wht. 6, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1758 
venetum . . . Wht. 6, H. Her. P. 2 Adriat. 1. 1690 

Aponogeton, Thun. The name is derived 
from the Celtic apon, water, and the Greek 
word geiton, near, ,the species growing in 
water. Linn. 6, Or. 3, Nat. Or. Juncaginaceas. 
Interesting aquatics, succeeding well if planted 
in loam and peat, and placed in a tub of water. 
Offsets or seeds. 

angustifftlium . White . 7, G. Aq. P. J C. G. H. . 1788 
crfspum . . . White . 8, S. Aq. P. i Ceylon . 1820 
distaehyon . . White . 6, G. Aq. P. J C. G. H. . 1788 
junceum . . . White . 8, G. Aq. P. } C. G. H. 1845 
monostacbyon . Pink . 9, S. Aq. P. | B. Ind. . 1803 

Apophysis, a swelling beneath the theca of 
mosses. 

Ap6rum, Blume. From aporux, a running- 
shoot; from the appearance of the plant. 
Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidacece. This 
genus possesses little to recommend it to the 



lovers of this beautiful tribe. Its insignificant 

flowers are produced from the axils of its 

bright green leaves. It thrives well with the 

same treatment as Vanda. Synonymes: 1, 

Lendrbbium dnceps ; 2, Apbrum indivlsum; 

3, Lendrbbium sareostbmum. 

anceps 1 . Yelsh. all . S. Epi. £ E. Indies 1820 

aloeifolium . S. Epi. £ 

cuspidatum . Yellow st. 5, S. Epi. J E. Indies 1836 

incrassatum . S. Epi. \ 

Le&nis . . . Bed brown 5, S. Epi. $ Singapore 1837 

lobatum . . S. Epi. \ 

macr6stomum S. Epi. 

micranthum . S. Epi. » 

sarc6stomum 3 S. Epi. 

serra .... S. Epi. 

sinuatum . . Yellow . . 4, S. Epi. \ Singapore 1839 

stibteres . . S. Epi. 

AposTASiACE,aB, a small order of Endogens, 

nearly related to terrestrial Orchidacese, and 

natives of the hot woods of India. 
Apoucouita. See Cassia, Apoucouita. 
Appendage, that which is attached. 

ApPENDEN£} Kan S in g> a PPi'oaching, pendulous. 

AppendictoIted, } fomi *ed with appendages. 

Appendix, anything attached. 

Apple berry. See Billardibra: 

Apple tree. See Pj)rus Mains. 

Appressed, pressed close to anything. 

Approximate, "I . ^ 

Approximating, ) near to S etn <*. 

Apricot tree. See Armeniaca. 

Apteranthes, Hooker. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Asclepiadacea?-. A genus of succulent 
plants resembling Stapelia in habit, and re- 
quiring similar treatment. Synonymes: 1, 
Stapelia Gussoni&na, S. curopcea, Bouchcrbsia 
Munbayana. 
Gussoniana, 1 Purp. y. 8, G. Sue. S. I Lampedusa 1832 

Apterous, without the membranous margins, 
by botanists called wings. 

AptosImum, Brown. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Scrophulariacece. 
depresmm . Blue . 8, G. Ev. S. 2 J C. G. H. .1836 

AquArtta, Jacq. In honour of B. Aquart, 
Jacquin's companion in America. Linn. 4, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Solandcece. A species of little 
beauty, and easy culture, 
tomentasa . White . 6, S. Ev. S. 4 S. Amer. . .1819 

Aquatic, growing in water. 

Aquifoliaceje. Hollyworts. Evergreen trees 
and shrubs. Natives of various parts of the 
world. The Holly is found in Europe. 

AquilariAce^e. Lign Aloes or Agallochum 
belongs to this order. The species are all 
natives of the tropical parts of Asia. 

Aqttilaria, Linn. The wood is called bois 
d'aiglc, or eagle wood, in Malacca ; hence the 
name from aquila, an eagle. Linn. 10, Or. 2', 
Nat. Or. Aquilariaeece. An ornamental ever- 
green shrub, succeeding in loam and peat, and 
propagated from cuttings, under a glass, in 
heat. Synonyme: 1. A. ovata. 
nialaccensis 1 Wht. grn. 3, S. Ev. S. 15 Malacca 1823 

Aquilegia, Linn. From aquila, an eagle ; al- 
luding to the form of the petal. Linn. 13, 



AQU 



43 



ABA 



Or. 5, Nat. Or. Ranuncidace'ce. The species of 
this ornamental genus may be grown in com- 
mon soil, and increased plentifully from seeds. 
Synonymes: 1. A. glanduldsa. 2. A. atro- 
purpurea. 3. A. alpina grandifl&ra. 4. A. 
lAcolor. 5. A. glanduldsa. 6. A. vulgaris, 
dahHrica. 



alpina, . . Blue 
anemono- ) * . 
ides 1 . f Pur P l 
arctica , . Red yd. 
atropurpurea Purple . 

Fischeri- ) -o, , 

ana 2 .] ^rple. 
brachyceras . Blue . . 
califdrniea . Red . . 
canadensis . Red or. 

lutea . . .Pa. yel. 

'flore pleno . "W. red. 
dahurlca . Purple . 
eximia . . Crim. . 
formdsa . . Red or. 
fragrans . . Yel. str. 
Garnieri&na Pur. str. 
glanduldsa . W. blue 

c6ncolor . Violet . 

discolor . . Blue wt. 
glauca . . . Wnt: y. 
grandifldra3. Blue . 
hybrida 4 . Purple . 
jucunda 5 . Blue 
Kanaoriensis Blue wt. 
lept<5ceras .Blue . 



6, H. Her. P. 1 Switzerl. 1731 

3 . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Altaia . . 1827 

H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 

H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 

H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1827 



parvifldra 


. Purple . 


pyrenalca 


. Blue . 


pubifldra 


. Pa. pur. 


Skfnncri 


. Redgrn. 


sibirica 6 . 


. Bluewt. 


viridiftora 


. Gr. yel. 


Tiscdsa , 


. Purple . 


vulgaris . 


. Blue . 


corniculata 


Blue wt. 


degener . 


Blue wt. 


elegans . 


Purple . 


inversa . 


Blue wt. 


stellata . 


Blue wt. 



H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 

H. Her. P. 

H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H.Her.P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 



1 N. Europe 1838 
li California 



1£ N. Amer. 
if N. Amer. 



1640 
1835 



li Gardens. 

1£ Gardens, 
if Dahuria . 1827 
1£ Gardens. 
lfKamtsch. 1822 
if Himalayas 1839 
1J Eng. hyb. 1S29 
2 Siberia . 1822 
1* Altaia . . 1822 
if Siberia . 1789 
2 Himalayas 1S39 
1J Siberia . 1818 
if Siberia 

H 

1 India . 

2 Russia . 
1 Siberia 
1 Pyrenees 
1$ N. India 

1 Guatemala 1841 
14 Siberia . 1S0G 
if Siberia . 17S0 
if Montpel. . 1752 

2 Britain, fields 
2 Europe, gard. 
2 Europe, gard. 

1 Europe, gard. 

2 Europe, gard. 
2 Europe, gard. 



.1844 
1851 
1838 
1S19 
1818 
1839 



AQUHiiNTTS, like an eagle. 

A.BABIS, Linn. Originally from Arabia, but 
this name is not very precise, as the species 
are found in many parts of the world. Linn. 15, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Brassicaceoz. Mostly interesting 
species, adapted for ornamenting rock-work ; 
they are propagated from seeds or cuttings. 
Synonymes: 1, A. cauedsica. 2, T&rritis 
stricta. 3, A. dspera. 4, Turritis pdtwla^ 
5, T-urritis alpina. 6, A. bellidifilia, ciliaris. 
7, Hesperis verna. ' See AubriUia, Neurolbma, 
and T-urritis. 

albida 1 . . White . 7, H. Ev. Tr. 
variegata . White . 2, H. Her. P. 
. White . 7, H. 
■ . W. yel. 5, H. Ev. 



alpestris 
alpina 

Clusi&na 

nana . 

varie _ 
ambigua 
aren&sa 
bellidifolia 
cserulea 
ciliata5 
crisp&ta 
curtisfliqua 



White . 5, H. Ev. 

White . 5, H. Ev. 
. Yl.wht. 5, H. Ev. 
. White . 7, H. 
. Pink . 7, H. 
. W. yel. 6, H. Her. P. 
. Pa. blue 6, H. Her. P. 

White . 6, H. B. 

. White . o, H. Ev. 

White . 0, H. 



J Caueas. . 1798 

| Eng., gardens 

f Switzerl. 1819 

Switzerl. 1596 

Pyrenees 1596 

Switzerl. 1819 

i Switzerl. 1819 

f Siberia . 1824 

f Germany 1798 

f Switzerl. 1773 

f Switzerl. 1793 

f Ireland, sa. pa. 

Tr. 1 Carniola .1818 

B. i N. Eur. . 1825 



flexudsa 
lilaclna . 
lasioloba . 
longif dlia . 



White . 6, H. Her. P. t Podoha . 1827 
White . 6, H. B. \ Naples . 1832 

Lilac . 8, H. A. f Europe . 1836 

White . 6, H. B. if Mexico . 1820 

White . 6, H. Ev. Tr. | Persia . 1820 



lucida . . 


. White 


6. H 


Her. P. 


J Hungary 1790 


variegata 


, White 


6, H. 


Her. P. 


| Eng., gardens 


m.jllis . . 


. White 


6, H. 


Ev. Tr. 


| Caucasus 1817 


nutans 


. White 


6, H. 


Her. P. 


J Switzerl. 1658 


oviriensis 


. Pa. red 


6, H. 


Ev. Tr. 


f Carinthia 1824 


petreea 


. White 


6, H. 


Ev. Tr. 


f Austria . 1800 


hastulata 


. Pur. 


6, H. 


Ev. Tr. 


f Britain, rocks 


hispida . 


.White 


6, H. 


Ev. Tr. 


f Scotl., rocks 


prseeox . 










variegata 


. White 


6, H. 


Ev. Cr. 


\ Eng., gardens 


procurrens 


. White 


6, H. 


Ev. Tr. 


\ Hungary 1818 


pumila 6 . 


. White 


6, H. 


Ev. Tr. 


i Austria . 1816 


retrofracta 


. Blush 


6,H. 


Her. P. 


J N. Amer. 1827 


r6sea . . 


. Rose 


2, H 


Her. P. 


J Calabria . 1832 


Sehiwerec- 
kiana 


| White 
. White 


6, H. 


Ev. Tr. 


£ Austria . 1826 


stellulata. 


6, H. 


Ev. Tr. 


J Italy . . 1817 


stenopetala 


. White 


6, H. 


B. 


i . 1818 


stolonifera 


White 


6, H. 


Ev. Tr. 


f Carniola . 1818 


stricta . . 


. Cream 


5, H. 


Her. P. 


f Eng., rocks 


toxoph^lla 


. White 


7, H. 


B. 


1 Volga. .1823 


undulata . 


. White 


6, H. 


Ev. Tr. 


J S. Eur. . 1810 


verna 7 . 


. Pur. 


5, H. 


A. 


1 France . 1710 



Allidnii 2, aurieuldta 3, au. dasycarpa, an. 
pdtula 4, au. recta, canadensis, cebeniiinsis, 
collina, HalUri, hirsiita, incana, laevigata, 
lyrata, muralis, Palriniana, pindula, prdicox, 
pubiscens, sagittata, sa. longisiliqua, sa. oblon- 
gata, sa. ovata, subglabrata, saxdtilis, serpylli- 
folia, spatulata, Thailand, T. parvifldra, Ttir- 
rita, T. pindula, T. umbrdsa. 

Arabia. See Pstdium. 

Arace.*;. A considerable order of endogenous, 
tuberous rooted, herbaceous, and semi-succu- 
lent plants, of which the Common Arum is a 
familiar example. 

Arachis, Linn. From a, privative, and rachis, 
a branch ; the plant bears no branches. Linn. 
17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Fabacece Ooesalpiniece. 
This very singular plant has the property of 
forcing the fruit or pods as they increase in 
size into the earth, where they ripen their 
seeds, hence the trivial name earth-nut. It 
grows in sandy loam singly in pots, and is 
multiplied from offsets. In South Carolina the 
seed is roasted, and used as chocolate ; it fur- 
ther affords a thin limpid oil, proper for lamps, 
a purpose to which it is applied in Cochin- 
China. 
hypog&a . Yellow . 6, S. A. 2 S. Amer. . 1812 

Arachne. See PiplatAerum paraddxum. 

Arachnoideus, covered with capillary filaments. 

Arads. See Aracece. 

Araja. See Gomuius saccharifer. 

Aralia, Linn. A name of unknown meaning, 
under which one species was sent to Fagon 
from Quebec in 1764, by a French physician. 
Linn. 5, Or. 5, Nat. Or. Araliacece. These 
fine species succeed well in common soil, and 
cuttings, cut off at a joint where the wood is 
ripe, and. planted in a sheltered situation, soon 
strike root. A. nudicaulis is used in North 
America as a substitute for sarsaparilla. Syno- 
nymes: 1, Hidera aculeata. 2, H. arbdrea. 
3, H. capitata. 4, Panax fragrans. 5, Aralia 
' la. 6, A. heteropMlla. 



aculeata 1 . . Wht. 6, S. Ev. 

arborea 2 . . Grn. 5, S. Ev. 

capitata 3 . . Grn. 5, S. Ev. 

cocbleata . . Wht. 5, S. Ev. 

crassifdlia 6- . Wht. 7, G. Ev. 

digitate . . Wht. 5, S. Ev. 



T. 6 Nepal . 

T. 10 Jamaica 

S. 3 W. Ind. 

S. i E. Ind. 

T. 10 N. Zeal. 

T. 4 E. Ind. 



. 1S20 
. 1S20 

. 1820 
. 1846 
. 1817 



ARA 



44 



ARC 



ferruginea . Wht. 6, S. Ev. T. 2 Trinidad . 1S26 

frigrans4. .Wht. 6, 8. Ev. 8, 4 Nepal . .1818 

Ghiesbreghtii Wht. 7, S. Ev. S. 4 

hispida. . Wht. 7, H. De. 8. 8 N. Amer. . 1790 

japonica . . Grn. 7, H. De. S. 4 Japan . . 1S38 

inlcans . . . "Wnt. 6, S. Ev. T. 3 TriDidad . 1826 

macropltflla . Wht. 7, G. Ev. S. 2 Norfolk I. 1831 

M lS> erg - } Wht. 7, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. .' 

nudicaulis . Wht. 7, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. . 1731 
papyrifera . Wat. 7, S. Ev. S. 4 China . . 1850 
pentaphvlla Wht. 5, G. Ev. T. 10 Japan . . 1810 
pubescens . Wht. 6, S. Ev. S. 2 W. Ind. . 1818 
racemdsa . Wht. 7, H Her. P. 4 N. Amer. . 1658 
sambucif61ia . Wht. 8, G. Ev. S. N. Holl. . 1823 
Sieb61dti . Wht. 7, S. Ev. 8. 3 
spinbsa . . Wht 7, H. De. S. 8 Virginia . 1688 
trifoliata . . Wht. 6, G. Ev. 8. 4 N. Zeal. . 1842 
Thibailtii . . Wht. 6, S. Ev. 8. 4 
umbraculffera Wht. 7, 8. Ev. P. 2 E. Ind. . ISIS 

Araliace.*. An order consisting of trees, 
shrubs, and hei-baceous plants, with, the habit 
of Apiaeese. The Ivy is a familial - example. 

Arantferous, resembling a spider. 

Arar tree. See CallUris quadrivdlvis. 

Araucaria, Ruiz and Pavon. Derived from 
araucanos, its name in Chile, Linn. 22, Or. 
13, Nat. Or. Pin&cece. This, may be termed 
the handsomest genus of pinaceous plants with 
which we are acquainted. A. imbricata in par- 
ticular is certainly one of the grandest trees 
known. It will thrive well in the open air, 
with the protection of a mat or two in very 
severe weather, and when got pretty large will 
no doubt be perfectly hardy. Rich open loam 
suits them well ; and propagation may be 
effected in the same manner as recommended 
for AUingia. Synonyme- : 1, A. column&ris, 
Dombeya columnaris, Ouprissus columnaris, A . 
excSlsa. See AUingia. 

Bidwfflii . . Apetal . G. Ev. T. 60 MoretonB. 1840 
brasiliana . . Apetal . G. Ev. T. 100 Brazil . .1819 
Co6kii 1 . . Apetal . G. Ev. T. 100 N. Caledon 1850 
Cunninghami Apetal . G. Ev. T. 60 Australia . 
glailca . . . Apetal . G. Ev. T. 60 Australia . 
imbricata . . Apetal . G. Ev. T. 60 Chile . . 1796 
Rulei . . Apetal . G. Ev. T. 60 Australia. 

Arauja, Don. In honour of Antonio de Araujo. 
Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asclepiaddcece. See 
Physidnthus. 

Arboretjs, being a tree, as distinguished from 
frutescent. 

Arborescent, having a tendency to become a 
tree. 

Arbor-toxicaria. See Antiaris toxicaria. 

Arbor- vir.s. See Thuja. 

Arbutus, Linn. From the Celtic arloise, aus- 
tere-bush ; rough fruit. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Ericacece. Elegant shrubs, especially A. 
Unido, which is covered with blossoms, and 
sometimes with fruit throughout the months 
of October and November. They succeed well 
in open loamy soil, mixed with a little sandy 
peat, and increased by seeds, or by budding 
and inarching on each other : the dwarfer kinds 
root readily by layers. From the flowers of 
A. Unido an agreeable wine is prepared in the 
island of Corsica. The fruit when taken in 
any quantity is narcotic. Synonymes: 1, A. 
hfibrwla. 2, A. millis, A. zalapensis. 3, 
Arctostdphylos tomentbsa. See Arctostdphylos, 
Oxyciccus, & Pernittya. 



Andrachne . White . 4, H. Ev. 8. 10 Levant . 1724 

■ andrachno- \ w _ t H Ev . g . s 

ides l. . J 

canadensis . . W. gr. 6, G. Ev. S. 8 Canaries 1796 

densifldra . White . 6, G. Ev. T. 20 Mexico . 1826 

laurifdlia . . White . 6, G. Ev. T. 20 Mexico . 1825 

Lindeniana . White . 5, G. Ev. 8. 6 Caracoas 1850 

Menziesii . .White. 6, H.Ev. 8. 10 N. Amer. 1827 

Mflleri . . . 6, H. Ev. 8. 4 Hybrid.. 1825 

mucronata. .White. 6, G. Ev. Tr. 1 Magellan 1S2S 

pil&sa . . . White . 5, H. Ev. S. i Mexico . 1829 
phillyreaafolia. White. 5, G. Ev. 8. Peru. .1812 

procera . . .White. 6, H.Ev. 8. 10 N. Amer. 1S25 

pumila . . . White . 5, G. Ev. 8. 4 Magellan 1825 

sorratif61ia. . W. gr. 5, G. Ev. 8. 

Unedo . . . White . 10, H Ev. 8. 10 Ireland, rocks 

crfspa . . White. 10, H.Ev. 8. 8 Ireland, gard. 

integrif&lia . Pink . 10, H. Ev. 8. 6 Ireland, gard. 

plena . . . W. gr. 10, H. Ev. 8. 6 Ireland, gard. 

salicif&lia . . White . 10, H. Ev. 8. 8 Ireland, gard. 

schizop^tala White . 10, H. Ev. S. 6 Ireland, gard. 

rubra . . . Pink . 10, H. Ev. S. 10 Ireland, gard. 

varians2. . Red w. 5, H.Ev. S. 6 Mexico . 1846 

tomentisa 3 . White. 3, G. Ev. 8. 6 Californ. 1826 

Archangel.- See Lamium. 

Archangel. See Archangilica officinalis. 

ArchangELICA, Hoffman. From arche, chief, 
and angelica. So named, from its supposed 
archangelic virtues. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Apiaceos. Ornamental species ; for culture, &c. 
see Angilica. Synonymes: 1, Angelica atro- 
purpilrea. % A. archangilica. 
officinalis 2 . Green 7, H. B. 4 England, wat. pi. 
atropurpHrea 1. 

Archill. See Soccilla lincldria. 

Arctium, Linn. From arktos, a bear ; in allu- 
sion to the rough bristly fruit. Linn. 19, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Asteracece. Mere weeds, of the 
simplest culture. The seeds of A. Bardana 
are diuretic, diaphoretic, and gently purgative. 
Synonymes: 1, A. tomentbsa. 2, A. major. See 
Berardia — Bardana 1, Lappa 2, minus. 

Arctocalyx, Fenzl. ArJctos, a bear, and calyx 
— shagginess of 'calyx. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Gesner&cece. The treatment of shrubby 
Gesnerads suits this genus well. A cool humid 
stove heat, and cuttings of the stem root readily 
in heat. 
Endlicheriana Tel. orim. 4, S. Ev. S. 6 Vera Cruz. 1849 

Arctogeron, Be Candolle. From arktos, a bear, 
and geron, an old man. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Asterhceoe. See Erigeron. 

Arct6pus, Linn. From arklos, a bear, and pous, 
a foot ; alluding to the spines which beset the 
plant, and which have been compared to the 
claws of a bear. Linn. 23, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Apiaccce. An interesting species, which should 
be grown in a mixture of peat, sand, and loam ; 
it may be increased by dividing the plant or 
by seeds, 
echinatus . . Green 5, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1774 

ArctostAphtlos, Adanson. Derived from ark- 
tos, a bear, and staphyle, a grape ; in allusion 
to the roughness of the fruit. Linn. 10, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Ericacece. Interesting species ; for 
culture, &c. seeArbulus. Synonymes: 1, Arbu- 
tus alplna. 2, A. discolor, A. nitida. 3, Arc- 
tostdphylos tomentbsa. 4, Arbutus tfva-ursi. 
See Vaccineum. 

alplna 1 . . Flesh 4, H. De. Tr. J Scotland . mts. 
califdrnica . White 3, H. Ev. S. 1 California. 



AEC 



45 



ARE 



nltida 2 . . White 3, F. Ev. S. 4 Mexico . 1836 
pungens 3 . White 3, F. Ev. S. 1 Mexico . 1839 
■fiVa-tirsi 4 . White 4, H. Ev. Tr. i Britain, heaths. 

Arctotheca, Wendland. From arlctos, a bear, 
and theke, capsule ; so named from the rough- 
ness of the fruit. Linn. 19, Or. 3, Nat. Or. 
Asteraceae. Ornamental species, grown in turfy 
loam, or loam and peat, and increased by divi- 
sions. Synonyms : 1, Arctdtis scapige'ra. 
hfrta . . . Yellow 7, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1820 
repens 1 . . Yellow 7, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1793 

Arct6tis, Linn. Derived from arlctos, a bear, 
and ous, an ear ; shaggy fruit. Linn. 19, Or. 
4, Nat. Or. Aster&cece. Showy interesting 
species ; for culture, &c. see Arctotheca and 



acatilis . . YeL red . 5, G. Her. P. J C. G. H. 1759 

angustifblia Purple 8, G. Ev. 8. It C. G. H. 1739 

arbor&cens Wht. pnk. 7, G. Ev. S. lj C. G. H. ISIS 

argentea . Orange 8, G. B. 1 C. G. H. 1774 

aspera . Yellow 8, G. Ev. S. U C. G. H. 1710 

aurebla . . Orange 8, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. 1710 

auriculata . Yellow 7, G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. B. 1795 

bloolor . . Wht. red 1, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. 1812 

breviscapa . Oran. br. 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 

Cineraria . Yel. oran. 7, G. Her. P. 1J C. G. H. 1824 

cuprea . . Yel. pur. 7, G. Ev. 8. H C. G. H. 1823 

dectimbena Yellow 8, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 1790 

decfirrens . Wht. red 7, G. Ev. 8. 1£ C. G. H. 1794 

elatior . . Yel. pur. 7, G. Ev. S. 1£ C. G. H. 1820 

fastu&sa . Oran. red 6, G. B. 2 C. G.'H. 1795 

flaccida . . Wht. red 6, G. A. 1 C. G. H. 1794 

glabrata . Yel. pur. 6, G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H. 1820 

gl rii*Ua ] Tel ' pur - 7 ' G ' Her - P - 1 °- G - H - 1794 

grandifl6ra Pa. yel. 5, G. B. U C. G. H. 1774 
maeulata . Wht. oran. 6, G. Ev. 8. lj C. G. H. 1812 

melanoolcla Wht. pur. 6, G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H. 1812 

pauiculata . Wht. red 5, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. 1816 

plantaginea Orange 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 1768 

reptans . . Wht. red 8, G. Her. P. £ C. G. H. 1795 

revoluta . Yellow 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 1820 

rosea . . Pink 9, G. Ev. S. 1 O. G. H. 1793 

specibsa . Yellow 7, G. Ev. 8. li C. G. H. 1812 

spinuldsa . Orange 6, G. A. lj C. G. H. 1795 

squarrdsa . Oran. pur. 6, G. Ev. 8. 1 O. G. H. 1825 

tricolor . . Wht. red 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 1794 

undulata . Orange 5, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 1795 

virgata . . Yellow 7, H. A. 1 C. G. H. 1S16 

AbcuItS), J bent Uke a bDW ' forming an arck 

Arcyria, Persoon. So called from arkys, a net ;. 
alluding to the net-like appearance of the 
fibres. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Lycoperdaccce. 
Extremely small productions, found upon rot- 
ten wood. Synonyme : 1. Trichia denudata. 

__ — flav'a, incarnata, leueoeephala, punicea 1. 

Ardens, bright, glowing, burnished. 

ARDfsiA, Swartz. A name derived from ardis, 
a spear-point ; alluding to the acute -segments 
of the corolla. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Myr- 
sinaceoz. Mostly handsome free-flowering spe- 
cies, of easy culture, succeeding well in a mix- 
ture of loam and peat ; cuttings root freely in 
sand, plunged in heat, under a glass ; or they 
may be increased from portions of the root, 
planted in a pot of mould leaving' the points 
out, and plunged in a brisk bottom-heat. Sy- 
nonymes: 1, Icacbrea guicmiinsis. 2, Ardisia 
crenata. 3, MDrsine Heber&hiia. 4, Ardisia 
crenulata. 5, A. umbellata. 6, A. pyrami- 



acuminata 1. Bed . . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 7 Guiana .1803 
canaliculus . White . 7, S. Ev, 8. 6 . 1S21 



canadensis . Red . . 7, G. Ev. 8. 10 Canaries. 1820 

colorata . . Red . . 7, 8. Ev. S. 10 E. Ind. . 1810 

complanata . Pink . . 7, 8. Ev. S. Penang . 1824 

(joriacea . Scarlet . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 7 Antilles . 1824 

crenulata . Red . 7, S. Ev. 8. 6 W. Ind. . 1809 

elegans 2 . . Red . . 8, 8. Ev. S. 10 E. Ind. . 1809 

-excelsa 3 . . Red . . 7, G. Ev. T. 30 Madeira . 1784 

hymenandra Pink . . 7, G. Ev. S. 4 Bilhet . 1828 

humilis . . Bed . . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 3 Ceylon . 1820 

lanceolata . Red . . 7, 8. Ev. S. 6 E. Ind. . 1820 

lateriflbra . White .' 7, 8. Ev. S. 6 W. Ind. . 1793 
lentighibsa 4 Wht. aU. . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 6 China . 1814 

littoralis 5 . Red . . 7, 8. Ev. S. 4 E. Ind. . 1809 

macrocarpa . Flesh . . 7, G. Ev. 8. 5 Nepal . 1824 

Mexicans . Pink . . 7, S. Ev. S. 6 Mexico . 
odontophylla Balm, red 7, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Bengal . 1834 

paniculata 6 . Bed . . 7, 8. Ev. S. 12 E. Ind. . 1818 

pubescens . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 6 . 1820 .. 

punctata . . White . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 10 China . 1823 

pyramidalis . Red . . 7, 8. Ev. T. 25 San. Cruz. 1818 

serrulata . .Red . .7,8. Ev. S. 8 W. Ind. . 1821 

Sieb61dtii . Pink . 7, 8. Ev. S. 6 E. Ind. . 

solanacea. . Red . . 8, 8. Ev. S. 10 B. Ind. . 1798 

thyrsiflora . Pink . 7, G. Ev. 8. 6 Sepal . 1824 

tinifblia . . Bed . . 7, S. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1820 

ArduIna, Linn. In honour of Pietro Arduini, 
curator of the economical garden of Padua. 
Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Apocynaceee. These 
pretty species may be treated as recommended 
for Carissa. 

bispindsa . White . 6, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . . 1760 
grandiflbra . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 

ARfecA, Linn. "When an old tree, it is called in 
Malabar areec, when quite young, Perynga. 
Linn. 21, Or. 10, Nat. Or. Palmcueos. This 
most beautiful genus of .palms succeeds best in 
light sandy loam, and can be increased only 
from seeds'. The well-known Betel Nut is the 
-fruit of A. CatecM, and remarkable for its 
narcotic or intoxicating power ; from the fruit 
is prepared a kind of spurious CatecM. It 
seems, however, doubtful whether the iutoxir 
cating effect of the Betel Nut, which is cut in 
slices, folded in the aromatic , leaves of the 
Betel pepper Nut (Piper Betel), and chewed in 
the mouth like tobacco, is not owing to the 
Piper ,leaf, in which it is wrapped when eaten, 
rather than to any special property of its own. 
Synonymes: 1, A. borbSnica. 2, Eutirpe 
pisifera, E. oleraceos var. 3, A. Banksii. 
alba 1 . . . Wht. stri. . 6, S. Palm 30 I. Bourb. 1820 
Catechu . . White . 5, 8. Palm 30 E. Ind. . 1090 
crinlta . White . . 5, S. Palm 20 S.France 1824 

exllis . . . White . 6, 8. Palm 30 W. Ind. . 1823 
humilis . White . . 6, 8. Palm 6 E. Ind. . 1814 
lutescens . White . 6, S. Palm 20 I.France 1824 
Manicot . . White . . 6, S. Palm 30 S. Amer. 1822 
monostachya White . 6, 8. Palm 20 Java. . 1864 
montana . . White . . 5, S. Palm 30 S. Amer. 1820 
oleracea . White . . 4, 8. Palm 40 W. Ind. . 1656 
r&bra 2 . . Pk. wht. . 5, S. Palm 30 Maurit. . 1823 
sapida 3 . W. stri. pk. 6, 8. Palm 20 JSTorfk. I. 1826 
triandra . . White . . 6, 8. Palm 20 E. Ind. . 1825 

Arem&nia, Be Candolle. Said to be altered from 
Agrimbnia. Linn. 8, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Rosacea. 
Merely ornamental ; for culture, &c. see Agri- 
mbnia. Synonyme: 1, Agrimbnia agrimo- 



agrimonoldes 1 . Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Italy . 1739 
ArenARIA, growing among sand. 
Arenaria, Linn. From arena, sand ; referring 

to the sandy situation in which most of the 

species are found. Linn. 10, Or. 3, Nat. Or. 

Alsinaceee. Diminutive plants, of the easiest 



AEE 



46 



AEG 



culture. Syrumymes : 1, A. Villarsii; 2, A. 
macrocarpa ; 3, ^ . siUrica ; 4, A. fasligiata ; 
5, A. linifibra; 6, A. filifblia ; 7, A. glaUr- 
rima ; 8, A. marginata; 9, 4. marina; 10, 
.A. androsacea ; 11, .4. clierlcri folia; 12, 



heteromdUa ; 


13, A. 


pUngens; 14, A. viscdsa. 


austriaca 1 . 


. Wht. r, 


H. Her. P. i Austria . 


. 1783 


balearica 


. Wit 7 


H. Ev. Tr.l 
H. Her. P. 1 


Majorca 


. 1787 


biflbra 


. Wht. 3 


Switzerl. 


. 1818 


brevicaulis . 


. Wht. 7 


H. Her. P. £ Alp. Eur. 


. 1S23 


cajspitbsa . 


. Wht. 7 


H. Her. P. i Switzerl. 


. 1S20 


calyclna . . 


. Wht. 7 


H. A. 4 
H.Her.P. \ 


Barbary. 


. 1816 


calyculata 


.Wht. 7 


Hungary 


. 1817 


canadensis . 


. Red 7, 


H. A. i 


N. Amer. 


.1S12 


caneseens 2 


. Wht. 7, 


H.Her.P. i 




. 1817 


capillacea . 


. Wht. 7, 


H. A. 1 


Piedmont 


. 1S19 


capillaris 3 . 


Wht. 7 


H. Her. P. i Siberia 


. 1820 


cherlerioldes 


. Wht. 7, 


H.Her.P. J 


France . 




ciliata . . 


.Wht 6 


H.Her.P. 1 


Ireland . 


mnts. 


coimbricensis 


. Wht. 7 


H. A. i 


Portugal 


. 1817 


dahuriea 


. Wht. 7, 


H.Her.P. 1 


Dahuria. 


. 1824 


densa . . 


. Wht. 7 


H. Her. P. i Hungary 


. 1824 


fasciculata . 


. Wht. 7 


H. A. 1 


Scotland 


mnts. 


filii61ia 


. Wht. 7, 


H. Her. P. { 


Arabia 




form6sa . 


. Wht. e, 


H. Her. P. * Dahuria 


'. 1S24 


Gerardi 5 . 


Wht. 6, 


H.Her.P. J 


France 


. 1822 


glandulbsa . 


. Pur. 6, 


H. A. 4 Europe . 


. 1820 


glomerata . 


. Wht. 7 


H. A. i 


Tauria . 


. 1818 


graminifclia o 


. Wht. 7 


H. Her. P. ! 


Siberia . 


. 1817 


glaberrima 


f Wht. 7 


H. Her. P. J 


Caucasus 


. 1816 


grandinbra . 


. Wht. 7 


H. Her. P. J 


Switzerl. 


. 1783 


HeTmii . . 


. Wht. 7 


H.Her.P. 


Siberia . 


. 1S26 


hirsuta . . 


. Wht. 7, 


H. Her. P. J 


Caucasus 


. 1820 


imbricata . 


. Wht. 7 


H. Her. P. ; 


Caucasus 


. 1K20 


juniperlna . 


. Wht 7 


H. Her. P. ; 


Siberia . 


. 1800 


lanceolata 


. Wht. 6 


H. Her. P. \ Switzerl. 


. 1823 


laricifblia . 


. Wht. 8 


H. Her. P. j 
H.Her.P. J 


Britain . 


sa. pi. 


longifblia . 


. Wht. 7 


Siberia . 


. 1823 


macrocarpa 


. Wht. 7 


H. Her. P. t N. Amer. 


. 1810 


marina 8 


. Pur 7 


H. Her. P. \ Germany 


. 17B3 


marginata . 


. Wht. 7 


H. De. Tr.-i 


Caucasus 


. 1818 


mediterranea 


. Wht. 6 


H. A. ■ 


MediteiT. 


. 1823 


montana 


. Wht. 6 


H. Her. P. ■ 


France 


. 1S00 


multicaulis 


. Wht. 7 


H. Her. P. , 


Europe . 


. 1814 


nardifblia . 


. Wht. 7 


H. Her. P. ; 


Siberia 


. 1827 


nemorbsa . 


. Wht. 6 


H.Her.P. 3 
H. Her. P. , 


S. Amer. 


. 1882 


norvegica . 


. Wht. 7 


Scotland 


. mts. 


otitoldes 10 


. Wht. 7 


H. Her. P. \ 


Siberia . 


. 1S20 


pendula . . 


. Wht. 7 


H. Her. P. : 
H. Ev. Cr. 


Hungary 


. 1816 


peploldes . 


. Wht. 6 


Britain . 


sea sh. 


pjnifblia . . 


.Wht. 7 


H.Her.P. i 


Caucasus 


. 1S23 


polygonoldes 


. Bed 7 


H. Her. P. } 


Switzerl. 


. 1822 


procera . . 


.Wht. 7 


H. Her. P. ' 


Siberia . 


. 1820 


proctimbens 


. Pur. 7 


P. De. Tr. 


Egypt . 


. 1801 


pubescens . 


. Wht. 7 


H. Her. P. 


Arehipl. 


. 1820 


purpurea . 


. Wht. 7 


H. A. i 


Spain . 


. 1823 


ramoslssima 


. Wht. 7 


H. B. } 


Hungary 


. 1S16 


recurva . . 


. Wht. 7 


H. Her. P. i 


Alps . . 


. 1822 


rigida . . 


. Wht. 7 


H.Her.P. ) 


- Siberia . 


. 1823 


rostrata . . 


. Wht. 8 


,H. Her. P. 


Hungary 


. 1816 


rubra . . 


. Pur. 7 


H. A. ■ 


Britain . 


san. fi. 


rubella 11 . 


. Eed 7 


, H. Her. P. 


: Scotland 


. mts. 


sallna . . 


. Pur. 7 


H. A. 


Bohemia 


. 1820 


sax£tilis , . 


.Wht. 7 


, H. Her. P. 


t Germany 


. 1732 


scfibra . . 


. Wht. 7 


, H. Her. P. 


: Alp. Eur. 


. 1822 


setacea 12 . 


. Wht. 7 


.H.Her.P. - 


France . 




striata . 


. Wht. 7 


, H. Her. P. 


- Switzerl. 


'. l^ 


stricta . . 


. Wht. 7 


H. Her. P. , 


N. Amer. 


. 1812 


subulata 13 


. Wht. 6 


H.Her.P. - 


Caucasus 


. 1822 


tenuifdlia . 


. Wht. 7 


H. A. 


England, 


san. fi.' 


Barrelieri 


. Wht. 7 


H. A. 


r S. France 


. 1820 


hybrida . 


. Wht. 7 


H. A. 


; S. France 


. 1827 


viscidula 14 


. Wht. 7 


H. A. 


\ France . 


. 1818 


tetraqufitra 


. Wht. 8 


H. Her. P. 


\ Pyrenees 
t S. Eur. 


. 1731 


triflbra . . 


. Wht, 7 


H. Her. P. 


. 1816 


triandra . 


. Wht. 7 


H. A. 


1 


. 1S17 


trinervis . 


. Wht. 6 


H. A. 


I Britain 


woods 


vema . . 


. Wht. 7 


H. Her. P. 


p Britain . 


.mts. 


verticillata 


. Wht. 7 


H. Her. P. 


\ Armenia 


. 1823 


uliginosa . 


Wht. 7 


H. Her. P. 


; Switzerl. 


.1819 



mfedia 9, serpyllifdlia. 

AiuSnga, Lab. Name not explained by the 

author, Linn, 21, Or. 8, Nat. Or, Palmac&w. 



A very useful and interesting Palm. In its 
native country the fibres attached to the petioles 
are twisted into ropes, the medulla of the trunk 
is used as sago, and the saccharine juice fonns 
excellent sugar. For culture, &c, see GomUus. 
saceharffera . Yellow S. Palm . . Asiatic Is. . 1830 

Areola, little spaces on areas on the surface of 
anything ; the spaces between the cracks in the 
lichens are the areolae. 

Aretbusa, Swarls. A nymph of Diana's, 
who was changed into a fountain ; applied to 
this genus on account of the habit of the 
plants. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidcuxee. 
The species of this genus are handsome, espe- 
cially A. bulbdsa, which has a large fine lilac 
flower terminating each stem ; it requires to be 
kept in the greenhouse, and to be grown in a 
peaty soil, very moist, with the pots well 
drained. A . plicata does not require to be kept 
quite so moist. See Bartholina and Pogbnia. 
bulbbsa . . Wht. ro. 6, G. Ter. } Carolina 
plicata . . Yel. pnk. 7, S. Ter. 1 E. Ind. . . 1S06 

Aretia, Willdenow. Called after Benoit Aretius, 
a Swiss, professor in the university of Berne.' 
Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Primul&cece. Minute 
interesting species, growing best on rock-work 
or iu pots. Sandy loam and peat suit them, ' 
and they are multiplied by dividing the roots. 
Synonyme: i, Andrdsace Aretia. 
alplna . . . Pink . 6, H. Her. P. J Switzerl. 1775 
argentea . . White . 6, F. Her. P. J Switzerl. 1826 
helvetica 1 . White . 6, H. Her. P. i Switzerl. 1775 
pubescens . White . 6, H. Her. P. £ Switzerl. 1824 
Vitaliana . .-Yellow 6, H. Her. P. I Pyrenees 1787 

Aretium, Splilgerber. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Polypodiacem. See AcrdsUcJaim. 
citrifdlium . Br. yel. . 8, S. Her. P. J W. Ind. . 

Argania, Schousb. From argam, its aboriginal 
name. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Sapotaceee. A 
very fine tree, succeeding in common soil, and 
increased freely by layers or cuttings. The 
wood is so close and hard, as to sink in water. 
Synonymes : 1, Sidcrbxylon spinbsum, Elosod&n- 
dron Argania. 
Sider6xylon 1 Grn. yel. 7, S. Ev. T.- 15 Morocco . 1711 

Argem6ne, Tournefort. Named from its sup- 
posed medicinal qualities ; from argema, cata- 
ract of the eye. Linn. 13, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
PapaveracecE. Very interesting dwarf species, 
succeeding well in common soil, and increased 
by suckers. Synonyme : 1, intermedia. 
albiflora . White . 7, H. A. 1J Mexico . 1S21 

Barclaiana 1 Cream . 6, F. Her. P. 5 Mexico . 1827 
grandiflbra . White . 7, H. Her. P. 3 Mexico . 1827 
mexic&na . Yellow 7, H. A. J Mexico . 1592 

ochroleuca . Sulphur 7, H. A. l| Mexico. . 1827 

specibsa . . Cream . 6, H. Her. P. l£ Mexico . 

Argolasia, Jussim. Named from argos, white, 
and lasios, woolly ; in reference to the calyx 
being white and velvety on the outside. Linn. 
6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Hoanodoraeece. An orna- 
mental species ; for culture, &c, see Lophiola, 
Synonyme : 1, Lan&ria plumbsa. 
plumbsa . . White. . 5, G. Her. P. \\ C. G. H. 1787 

Argol. See RoccHla tiiwtbria. 

Argyreia, Louriero. Named in reference to 
the white silvery texture of the leaves ; from 



AKI 



47 



AEI 



argyreios, silvery. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Cmwolvulacece. A very fine genus of extensive 
growing climbers, requiring a good deal of time 
and pot-room before they bloom. 'A. cuneata 
is dwarf, and produces an abundance of elegant 
flowers : light rich soil, or sandy loam and peat 
mixed, suits them well ; cuttings in the same 
kind of soil, under a glass, root freely. Syno- 
nymes: 1, Zettsbmia bbna-n6$ ; 2, Ipomtea 
capitata; 3, Z. cuneata; 4, Z. cymdsa; 5, 
Ipomcea Malaldrica; 6, Z. ornata; 7, Z. po- 
macea; 8, Ipomosa specibsa, Zettsbmia nervbsa ; 
9, Z. splindens; 10, Z. uniflbra ; 11, Mvea 
hirsuta, A. Ohoisyana. 

b6na-n6x . . White 7, S. Bv. Tu. 20 E. Ind. . 1799 
capitata 2 . Purple 7, S. Ev. Twi. 10 B. Ind. . 1828 
cuneata 3 . Purple 8, S. Bv. Tu. 10 E. Ind. . 1822 
cymbsa 4 . Pink . . S. Lv. Tu. 10 B. Ind. . 1S23 
festiva . . White 7, S. Ev. Twi. 10 India . . 1838 
hirsuta 11 . Purple 8, S. Bv. Twi. 11 B. Ind. . 1850 
Malabarica 5 Cream 7, S, Ev. Twi. 10 B. Ind. . 1S23 
orn&ta 6 . White 7, S. Ev. Tu. 10 E. Ind. . 1824 
pomacea 7 . Pink 6, S. Bv. Tu. 10 E. Ind. . 1818 
setbsa . . . Pink 8, S. Ev. Twi. 10 Nepal . . 1818 
specibsa8 . Red 7, S. Ev. Tu. 10 E. Ind. .1818 
splendens 9 . Pink 7, B. Ev. Tu.- 10 E. Ind. . 1820 
uniflbra 10 .White 7, S. Bv. Tu. 25 E. Ind. .1817 

Aria. See Pyrus Aria. 

Aeiditt, dryness. 

ArietInum, resembling a ram's head. 

, . (a process of the placenta adhering to 

ARIL, ) ^e hilum of seeds ; a peculiar sub- 

A.R1LLT1S, ^ stance c(Hrer i ng tne seedSi 

Arillate, having that peculiar appendage called 
arillus. A term only applied to seeds. 

AriOFSIS, Graham. From aron, Arum, and opsis, 
sight ; from the likeness to Arum in habit, &c. 
Zinn. Nat. Or. Aracece. A very curious plant, 
discovered by J. S. Law, Esq. , in Bombay. It 
grows freely in light sandy soil, and may' be 
readily propagated by suckers and division. 
Synonyme: 1, Remusalia vivipara, Caladiwm, 
mv'iparum, Arum viiAparum. 
peltate. 1 . Yel. pur. 8, S. Her. P. 1£ Bombay . 1S45 

ARISARTJM, Tournefort. A Greek word. Zinn' 
21, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Aracece. A curious plant, 
of little interest, and easily grown in sandy 
loam, with a little peat. Synonyme ; 1, Arum 
Arisarum. 
vulgare 1 . Lgt. yel. 5, F. Her. P. 1 S. Eur. . 1596 

ArisAma, Bentliam. Derivation unknown. Zinn. 
2 1 , Or. 7, Nat. Or. Aracece. A small stemless 
genus, with tuberous roots, like those of the 
common Arum, purple-stalked pedate leaves, 

" .and a pink or purple spathe from five to six 
"inches long. It was discovered in shady woods 
near Morelia by Mr. Hartweg, who sent it to 
the Horticultural Society. Synonyme, ;■ 1, Arum 
Murrayi. 

macrospatha Pink 7, G. Tu. P. 1 Morelia . 1839 
Mflrrayi 1 . Purple 6, S. Tu. P. 1 S. Amer. . 1847 
pr&cox . . Pur. gr. 7, G. Tu. P. 1 Japan . . 1860 

Aristate, J having a beard or awn, as the 

Aristated, \ glume of barley. 

ArIstea, Ker. Named in reference to the 
bearded leaves, from arista, a point or beard. 
Zinn. 3, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Iridacece. A pretty 
genus, thriving well in loam and peat, and iu- 



Grass. 1£ N. Holland 1826 
Grass. 2 N. Holland 1816 



creased by seeds or divisions. A. capitMa 
should be planted in peat. 

capitata . . Blue . . 7, G. Her. P. 3 C. G. H. 1790 
cyanea . . Blue . . 6, G. Her. T. I O. G. H. 1769 
melaleilca . Pa. blue . 6, G. Her. PI C. G. H. 1796 
pusflla . . Blue . . 7, G. Her. P. J C. G. H. 1806 
spiralis . . Pa. blue . 5, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 1795 

AristIda, Zinn. Derived from arista, an ear of 
corn. Zinn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 6ram.ma.cece. 
These plants are not worth cultivating. See 
Chcetaria. 

stipoides . . Apetal . 6, 
v&gans . Apetal 

Aristolochiace.e. A small order of climbing 
herbaceous, and half-shrubby, plants, bearing 
mottled and singularly-shaped flowers. The 
common Birfh.v/ort (Aristolochia, Clematitis) is a 
British example. 

Aristol6chia, Zinn. So named from aristos, 
best, and locheia, parturition ; its supposed 
medical qualities. Zinn. 20, Or. 3, Nat. Or. 
Aristolochiacece. This is a remarkable genus, 
the flowers having more or less the appearance 
of a horn. The most suitable compost is a 
mixture of sandy loam and peat, with a very 
little well-decomposed dung. Cuttings root 
readily in sand, under a glass in heat. Syno- 



1, A. 

A. trilobaia. 



; 2, A. 



ra 



3, 



acuminata 
anguiclda 
arborea 
. arborescens 
Arkansa 
barbata 
bilobata 
bdstica . 
bracteata . 
brasiliehsis 1 
caudUta 
chilensis 



ciliLtta . . 
cilibsa . . 
Clematitis • 
cymbifera 
f&tida . 
glailca . . 
grandiflbra 



. Purple 
. Or. red. 
. Br. pur. 
. Y. pur. 
. Purple 
. Purple 
. Purple 
. Purple 
. Purple 
. Yellow 
. Lurid . 
. Pur. gr. 
. Pur. yl. 6. 
. Pur. yl. " 
. Pur. gr. 
. Yellow 
. Purple 
. Purple 
. Purple 
. Purple 
. Yel. bn. 
. Wht.br. 6| 
Purple 5, 



Gigas 2 
hyperborezi 
hastata . . Purple 
hirta . Purple 

indica .... Purple 7 ; 
labidsa . . Pr.gr.y. 7. 
leuconeura . Pur. br. 9. 
16nga . " . . Purple 
macradfenia . Gr.br.y. 4 
maxima . . Purple 7. 
odoratissima . Purpls 7, 
urnithocephala Pur.br. 10 
pallida . . . W. pur. 7 
pandurifbrmis Purple 7 



Purple 
Purple 
Pr.gr.y. 
Dk.pur. 
Ppsh.rd.9; 
7. 



picta 

Pistolbchia 

rlngens . 

rotunda 

saccata . . 

sagittata . . Purple 

sempervlrens Purple 

Berpentaria . Dk.pur. 

Slpho - . . . Yel. br. 

suriDamensis 3 Yellow 

Thwaitesii . . Gm. yel. 

tomentbsa . . Purple 

triflda . ' . . Green 

trilobata . . Purple 



S.Bv.Cl. 10 Mauritius 1822 
S.Ev.CL'lO N.Grenada 1845 
S.Ev.Cl. 20 N.Grenada. 
G.Ev.S. 20 America . 1737 
H.De.C1.20 Arkansas . 1824 
S.Bv.Cl. 10 Caraccas . 1796 
S.Bv.Cl. 10 S. America 1824 
H.De.Cl. 6 Spain . . 1596 
S. Bv. Tr. 3 E. Indies . 1793 
S.Ev.Cl. 20 Brazil . . 1820 
S.De.Tu. 5 Brazil . . 182S 
F.De.Cl. 10 W. Indies 1832 
S:Ev.Cl. 20 W. Indies 1832 
G.Ev.Tu. 6 B. Ayres . 1836 
S.Ev.Tu. 6 N. Patagon 1S36 
H.Her.P. 2 Britain woods 
S.Bv.Cl. 20 St. Paul. . 1829 
S.Bv.Cl. 20 Mexico . 1822 
G.Ev.C'l. 6 Barbary . 17S5 
S.Ev.Cl. 10 Jamaica . 1824 
S.Ev.Tw.20 Brazil . . 1844 
S.Ev.Tw.'lO Guatemala 1842 
S.De.Tw.20 India '. 1836 
S.Ev.Cl. 16 Cuba . . 1822 
G.Her.P. 2 Chio . . 1759 
S.Ev.Cl. 10 E. Indies . 17S0 
S.Ev.Tu.20 Brazil . . 1821 
S.De.Cl. 12 N.Grenada 1863 
H.De.Tr.2 S. Europe 1548 
S.Ev.Cl. 20 Mexico . 1848 
S.Ev.Cl. 20 N. Spain . 1759 
S.Ev-Cl. 10 Jamaica . 1787 
S.Ev.Tu. -20 Brazil . .1838 
H.Her.P. 2 Italy . . 1640 
S.Ev.Cl. 10 Caraccas . 1823 
S.Ev.Cl. 20 P. Cabul . 1849 
H.De.Tr. 2 8. Europe 1597 
S.Ev.Cl. 20 Brazil . . 1820 
G.Her.P. 2 S. Europe 1596 
S.Ev.Tu. 20 Silhet . . 1829 
H.Her.P.'lN. Amer. 1819 
G. Ev. Tr. i Candia . 1727 . 
H.De.Tr. 1 N. Amer. 1632 
H.De..C1.80 N. Amer. 1763 
S.Ev.Cl. 20 Surinam . 1823 
S.Ev.Cl. 3 Ceylon . 1856 
H.De.C1.20N. Amer. 1799 
S.De.Tu. 15 Caraccas . 
S.Ev.Cl. 8 S. Amer, . 1775 



AM 



48 



ARP 



Aristotelia, Willdenow. In memory of Aris- 
totle. Linn. 11, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Tiliaceoz. 
This as a shrub is showy, but its flowers have 
little beauty. In a warm situation it grows 
freely, in common soil, and ripened cuttings 
soon take, as do also layers. It produces eat- 
able berries. 

Hacqui . Wht. gr. 5, H. Ev. S. 4 Chile . . 1785 
variegiita Wht. gr. 5, F. Ev. S. 4 Gardens . 

AristoteliAcks;. See Tiliacece. 

Arkansa. See Aristoldchia Arlcdnsa. 

ArmenIaca, Toumefort. Named from the apri- 
cot being originally from Armenia. Linn. 12, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Drupacece. A genus of valu- 
able fruit trees, as is at once apparent from its 
containing the well-known apricot. The spe- 
cies all thrive well in a rich loamy soil, and are 
best increased by budding on kind free-growing 
plum stocks. A. vulgaris, or common apricot, 
produces a round, yellow, firmish-fleshed fruit, 
little less esteemed than the peach or nectarine ; 
it is used fresh from the tree at the dessert, and 
is also made into jellies, preserves, &e. ; from 
the clarified juice the Chinese make lozenges, 
which, dissolved by water, yield a grateful 
beverage ; the nut yields a kind of oil, and the 
young shoots a fine golden colour to wool. 
Synonymes: 1, Prunus IrigantXaca ; 2, P. 
warpa; 3, P. siUrica; 4, P. armenlaca; 



1619 
1800 
1800 
1788 
154S 
1548 
1548 



5, A. 

brigantlaca 1 . Pink 

dasycarpa 2 

persicifdlia 
sibirica 3 . 
vulgaris 4 

cordif&lia . 

ovalifdlia . 



3, H. De. S. S S. Eur. . 

White . 4, H. De. T. 12 Levant . 

Pink . 4, H. De. T. 15 Levant . 

Pink . 4, H. De. S. 6 Siberia . 

White . 4, H. De. T. 15 Levant . 

White . 3, H. De. T. 15 Levant . 

White . 3, H. De. T. 15 Levant . 
fl&re pleno 5 . White . 4, H. De. T. 5 Gardens 
fol. variegatis White . 4, H. De. T. 5 Gardens 



Armeria, Willdenow. Armeria is the Latin 
name of Sweetwilliam. Linn. 5, Or. 5, Nat. 
Or. Plumbaginaceas. These plants though 
dwarf are handsome, and well adapted for 
ornamenting rock-work ; they may also be 
grown in pots, in sandy, open, rich soil. A. 
vulgaris, or common thrift, is considered next 
to box the most valuable for edging walks, 
borders, &c. Synonyme: 1, A. scabra. 2, 
Stdtice armeria. 



alliacea . . 

alplna . . . 

arenaria . . 

cephal6tcs . 

denticulata . 

diantholdes . 

fasciculata . 

hirta . . . 

humilis . . 

hybrida . . 
juniperifblia 
latifdlia 

littoralis . . 

maderensis 1 

maritima 2 . 

montana . . 

pinifdlia . . 

plantaginea . 

pungens . . 
Popeana 



. White 6, 

. Purp. 7. 

.Pink 6, 

. Pink 6. 

. Flesh 6. 

. Pink ft 

. Purp. 7'. 

. Pink 7 

. Pink 6. 
. Bed 

. Pink 6'. 
. Lt.red7 

. Pink 7j 

. Pink 8. 

. Bed 7, 

. Pink 6; 

. Pink 6 
. Red 

. Pink 6 
. Red 



scorzoneraefolia . Searlt. 6' 
vulgaris . . . Bed 
Slba . . . White 9 
coecinea . . Bed 



H. Her. P. 1 



<ain . . 1798 



H. Her. P. iCarinthia 
H. Her. P. £ Prance . 
H. Her. P. 1 Europe . 1800 
H. Her. P. H Naples . 1816 
H. Her. P. \ Europe .1810 
G. Ev. S. 2 Portugal. 
H. Her. P. £ N. Africa .1820 
H. Her. P. J 8. Eur. .1817 
H. Her.P.l Hybrid . 
H. Her. P. 1 Spain . . 1818 
H. Her. P. 2 Algarbia . 1740 
H. Her. P. 1 S. Eur. . 
H. Her. P. 1 Madeira . 
H. Her. P. Brt.seaoo. 
H. Her. P. iScot. mts. 
H. Her. P.l Portugal. 
H. Her. P. 1 S.Eur. .1818 
H. Her. P. i Spain. .1818 
H. Her.P.l Hybrid . 
H. Her. P. 1 S. Eur. . 1816 
H. Her. P. $ Europe . 
H. Her. P. i Gardens . 
H. Her. P. S Gardens . 



ArmorAcia, Pliny. The horse-radish. Linn. 
15, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Brassicdcece. See Cochle- 
aria. 

ArmillAris, like a bracelet. 

Arnebia, De Oandolle. Name of Arabic origin. 
Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Boraginacew. Orna- 
mental plants, requiring the same soil and 
treatment as Anchusa, to which they are nearly 
allied. Synonyme: 1, Lyc6psis echioldes, An- 
ckisa echioldes, Lithospe'rmum erictum. 
echioldes 1 . Tell. pur. 6, H. Her. P. § Caucasus 1840 
Grifflthii . Yell. pur. 6, G. Her. P. j Cabul . 1S60 

Arnica, Linn. Derived from arnakis, a lamb's 
skin, because of the likeness of the leaves. 
Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asteracece. The 
species are dwarf and interesting. A . montana 
is a powerful sternutatory, and has besides 
many important medicinal properties. Syno- 
1, A. montana. See Bellididstrum. 



Clusii . . Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Switz. . 1819 

cordata . . Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. i Switz. . 1819 

cdrsioa . . . Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Corsica . 1824 

Dordnicum . Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. 1* Austria. 1816 

glaeiffis . Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Switz. . 1823 

helvetica 1 . Yellow . 7, H. Her. V. 1 Switz. . 1819 

lanlgera Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. % Italy . 1827 

montana . . Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Europe . 1731 

scorpioldes . Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. \ Austria . 1710 

Arnop&qon, Willdenow. Taken from arnos, 
lamb,' and pogon, beard ; in allusion to the 
bearded seeds. . Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Aster&ccas. These are pretty flowering plants, 
and easily cultivated ; the seed merely requires 
sowing in the border, and treating as other 
annuals. Synonymes: 1, Urospbrmiirn, capinse ; 
2, U. Dalech&mpii. 

asper . . Yellow . 7, H. A. 1J Montpl. 1774 

eapensis 1. . Yellow . 7, H. B. 1 C. G. H. 181S 

Dalecbainpii2 Lgt. yel. 7, H. Her. P. 2 S. Eur. . 1739 
picroldes . . Yellow . 7, H. A. 1 S. Eur. . 1683 

Arn6seris, De Oandolle. Derivation unknown. 
Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asteracece. See 
Hij&seris. 

Arn6tta, or Arnotto. See Bixa Orelldna. 

Ar6ma, the spicy quality of a thiug. 

AroidEJ3. See Araceoe. , 

AronqAnia. See ffaronga. 

Ar6nia. See Crataegus A rbnia. 

Aronicum, De Oandolle. Derivation unknown. 
Linn. 19, Or. 2, ISJat. Or. AsUraceae. See 
Arnica. 
altalcum . . Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1783 

Arpopeyllum, La Llave. Linn. 20, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Orchidacecs. "Some of the most 
graceful and beautiful of the Mexican Orchid- 
aceoz recently, introduced. The stems of A'. 
spicata are slender, and a foot or a foot and a 
half high, with the sheaths as rough as shagreen 
leather ; it is terminated by one long curved 
leaf, from the axil of which there curves in an 
opposite direction a dense spike of pink or pale 
purple flowers. It is a species of great rarity 
even in Mexico, where it has hitherto only been 
seen at Sultepec and near Arembaro, growing 
upon trees." — Bot. Beg. It may be referred 
to Epid&ndrum, for cultivation, &c. 
coccrneum . Scarlet . . 6, S. Epi. 1 Mexico . 1843 
giganteum . Bro. pink . 3, S. Epi. 1 Jamaica. 1839 
epicatum . . Pink . . 2, S. Epi. 1J Mexico . 1838 



AER 



49 



ART 



ARRACACHA, Bancroft. The name given to the 
plant by the Spaniards in South America. 
Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Apiacece. Perennial 
South American herbs of a salubrious quality, 
extensively cultivated for culinary purposes, 
and propagated by planting pieces of the root, 
in each of which is an eye or shoot. Synonyme : 
1, Cdnium Arracdclia. 
esculenta 1 . Emsh. . 7, S. Tu. P. 3 Santa Pe. 1823 

Arrack, the distilled juice of the Cdcos nuetfera. 

Arrhenathertjm, Palisot de Beauvois. Derived 
from arrhen, male, ather, a point ; the male 
spikes being furnished with awns. Linn. 23, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Graminacem. Species of grass, 
of great use, though but little beauty ; culti- 
vation easy. Synonymes : 1, H6lcus avenaceus, 
Avena elatior ; 2, H6Vcus bulbbsus, A'vlna but- 
bosa. 

avenaceum 1 . Apetal 6, Grass. 5 Brit. mea. 

muticum . . Apetal . 7, Grass. 4 Scot. mts. 

bulbdsum>2 . Apetal' . 7. Grass. 3 Germany. 

Arrhynchium, Lindl. A, privative, and rhyn- 
chos, a snout. Linn. 20,. Or. 1, Nat. Or. Or- 
chidaceoz. Stove Epiphytes of small size, thriv- 
ing on blocks of wood, or in fibrous peat, and 
increased by division, 
labrdsum . . Pur. yel. . 8, S. Bpi. i Asia . 1849 

Arr&sus, gnawed, bitten. 

Arrow-grass. See Triglbehin. 

Arrow-head. See Sagittaria. 

Arrow- root. • See Mar&nta. 

Arscyria, Pers. Name derived from arlcus, a 
net. The spores are fastened together by a 
net-work of fibres ; beautiful coloured minute 
fungi found upon rotten wood. Linn,. 24, Or. 
9, Nat. Or. Lycoperdacece. Synonyme : 1, 
Triehia denudata — A. pum'cea 1, nutans. 

Artab6trys, B. Brown. This name was sug- 
gested by the curious tendril belonging to the 
peduncle, by which the growing fruit is sus- 
pended on the nearest support ; from aratao, 
to suspend, botrys, grapes. Linn. 13, Or. 6, 
Nat. Or. AnonAeeoe. This species is very orna- 
mental, growing about six feet high, and is 
easily cultivated in sandy loam, mixed with a 
little peat, and propagated from ripened cut- 
tings in sand, under a glass. Synonyme: 1, 
A. hexapitala. 
odoratissima . Brown . 7, S. Ev. S. 6 China . 1758 

Artanema, D. Bon. A tooth is borne on one 
side of eaeh of the longer filaments ; whence 
the name, from aratao, to support, noma, a 
filament. Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Serophu- 
laritecce. This is an interesting plant, with 
the aspect of a mimulus, producing _ large 
showy blossoms. It has been treated in the 
greenhouse, but will succeed in the open bor- 
der in summer, in loam and peat ; seeds. 
Synonyme :- 1, Torenia scabra. 
fimbriatum. Pa. blue. 8, G. Ev. S. 3 Moreton B. 1S30 

Artedia, Linn. In honour of Peter Artedi, a 
Swedish naturalist, one of the first who ] at- 
tempted to divide umbelliferous plants into 
genera. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Apiacece. 
An uninteresting species, of the simplest cul- 
ture— 



ARTEMfsiA, Linn. Artemis, one of the names 
of Diana ; the plant is said to have been named 
after Diana, on account of its being used in 
bringing on precocious puberty. Linn. 19, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Asteracece. Some species, of this 
genus are pretty, others merely ornamental, 
while some are' wholly uninteresting; their 
silvery leaves have a showy effect in rock- 
work, for which places they are well suited ; 
they grow in almost any soil, and are increased 
reaciily from divisions, cuttings, and seeds. A. 
chminsis, and some other species, yield the 
moxa of China, a substance used as a cautery, 
by burning it upon parts affected with gout 
and rheumatism. In India A . indica is con-' 
sidered a powerful deobstruent and antispas- 
modic ; and the leaves of other species are 
esteemed a valuable stomachic medicine. Sy- 
nonymes : 1, A. caucdsica ; 2, A. leucanthe- 
mifdlia ; 3, A . nutans, etrnua ; 4, A . rupistris ; 
5, A. Eedbwskii ; 6, A. inodbraj 7, A. glaei- 
alis, riipistris ; 8, A. rupistris; 9, A. spUn- 
dens. 



Abr6tanum . 

humile . . 

tobolskt- \ 
ana . J 
afra .... 
alplna . . , 
aprlca. . . 
arboresbens 
argentea . . 
austrlaca . . 
casrulescens 
chinensis . . 
Dracunculus . 
frigida . . 
furcata 
gallica . . 
glacialis . 
glauca . . 
greenlandica 
helvetica . 
Indica . . 
Judalca . 
lactiflbra . 
lednicensis 
marltima . 
Marschalli- | 
^ ana 6 . ) 
M6xa . . . 
Mutelllna 7 . 
nivea . . . 
norve'gica 8 . 
orientalis . . 
Pallasii . . 
palmata . . 
pectinata . . 
peduncula- ) 

ris 9 . . / 
p6ntica . . 
potentiUse- \ 

ftlia . ) 
ramdsa . . 
repens. . . . 
rupCstris . . 
sallna . . . 
Santonica . . 
saxa'tilis . . 
scoparia . . 
sericea . . . 
spicata . . ■ 
taurica . . . 
tenuifblia „ . 
valentlna . . 
valleslaca . . 
vulgare 

variegatum 
Wulfenii . . 



Tel. gr. 
Yel. gr. 

Tel. gr. 

White . 
Yel. gr. 
Yel. gr. 

Yel. gr. 
Brown 
Yellow 
Yellow 
"W. grn. 
Tel. gr. 
Tel. gr. 
Brown 
Yel. gr. 
Green . 
Yel. gr. 
Yel. gr. 
Tel. gr. 
Yellow 
Pa. w. 
Yellow 
Brown 

Yellow 7, 

Yellow 10. 
Yellow 
Green 
Yellow 7, 
Tel. gr. 
Yel. gr. 7; 
Green 
Brown 

Yellow 7, 

Yellow 9: 

Yellow. 7, 

Yellow 7 : 



8, H. De. S. 
H. De. S. 



Brown. 
Brown 
W. — 
W. 



\. grn. 



„.. grn. 9, 
Brown 7, 
W. grn. 8, 
■White 6, 
Brown 6, 
*" gm. 7, 
l.gr. 10, 
=1. gr. 7, 
i. vel. 7. 



W. , 
Tel. 
Yel. 
Lt. 



Purple 8. 
Yel. gr - 



4' Europe 
4 S. Eur. 



H. De. S. 4 Eussia. 



Ev. S. 
Her. P: 
Ev. T. 
Ev. S. 
Ev. S. 
Her. P. 
Ev. S. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P: 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Ev. S. 
Ev. S. 
De. S. 
Her. P. 



H C. G. H. 
J Caucasus 1804 

10 Levant . 1640 
4- Madeira . 1777 
1-J Austria . 1597 
1% Engl., sea 
4 ( China 
2. S. Eur. 

1 Siberia 
\ Siberia 

2 Brit., wet pi 
JSwitzerl. 1739 

l| Siberia . 1806 
JGreenld. 1810 
JSwitzerl. 1819 

3 E. Indies 1796 
1J Levant . 1683 

1 Nepal. . 1828 

2 Carpat. . 1S26 
1 Brit., seas. 



1818 
1548 

1826 
1820 



H. Her. P. 1 Caucasus 1816 

G. Ev. S. ' S China. 

H. Her. P. i Alp, Eur. 1815 

H. Her. P: 2 Siberia « 1815 

H. Her. P. }. Norway . 1818 

H. Her. P. lj Armenia 1810 

H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1820 

P. Ev. S. 1 S. Eur. . 1739 

H. A. I Daiiria . 1806 

H. Her. P. J Caucasus 1818 

H. Her. P. 3 Austria . 1570 

H. Her, P. 1 Siberia . 1818 



G. Ev. S. 
H. Her.Tr. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Her. P. 
H. A. 

H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
G. Ev. S. 
F. Ev. S. 
H. Her. P. 

H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 



2 Canaries 1816 
1 Tartary . 1805 
lj Siberia . 1748 
l| Hungary 1S23 
1 Siberia . 1596 

3 Hungary. 

3 Hungary 1796 
H Siberia . 1796 
l£ Switzerl. 

Tauria 
8 China 
1 Spain. 
!■ Italy- . 



1790 
.1818 
.1732 
. 1739 
. 1739 



Gardens. 
fSwitzort. 1819 

E 



AET 



50 



ARU 



A bsinfhium, dlbida, ambk/ua, anethifblia, An- 
nua, armeniaca, arragon&nsis, Balsdmita, bi- 
ennis, camphorata, carmpistris, c. alpma, cana, 
canadensis, canSscens, caucdsica, caudata, cha- 
mozmelifdlia, coarctata, crithmifdlia, desertdrum 
2, dracunculoides 3, fasciculata, fragrans, gna- 
phalioides, herbacea, hirsuta, Jiispdnica, humi- 
lis 4, incisa, inculta, inodora 5, inslpida, inte- 
grifblia, japbnica, laciniala, Jongifdlia, mexi- 
cana, mollissima, monogpna, •montevidinsis, 
neglicta, nutans, odoratissima, paluslris, parvi- 
flbra, pauciflbra, procira, procumbens, serrata, 
Sieversidna, subcaniscens, tenacelifdlia, viridir 
fdlia, vulgaris. 

Arth&nia. The meaning unexplained. Linn. 
24, Or. 8, Nat. Or. GrapMdacece. Curious 
species, growing from a quarter of an inch to 
three inches high, and found chiefly on the 
bark of old trees. — astroidea, iliclna, impollta, 
lurida, Itfncea, obscura, Swartzi&na. 

Arthr^ticus, gouty, swollen. 

ARTHROPHtfLLUM, Boj. See Phyllarthron. The 
Arthrophyllum of Blume is a genus of Aralia- 
ceous plants of no great beauty, all natives of 
Java ; but no species has yet, that we are 
aware of, been introduced. The name is de- 
rived from arthron, a joint, and phyllon, a 
leaf ; in reference to the jointed leaf-stalks. 
Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Afalihcece— hut the 
genus so named by Bojer belongs to Orescen- 
tiacem, and is referred to Phyllarlliron. 

Arthrop&dium, R. Brown. Derived from 
arthron, a joint, and pous, a foot ; the foot- 
stalks of the flowers being jointed. Linn. 6, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Liliacece. Some species of 
this genus are very pretty, as A. minus and 
fimbriatum ; others are ornamental ; and the 
whole succeed in sandy loam and peat, and 
increase freely by divisions or seeds. Synon- 
ymes: 1, A. minus; 2, AntMricwm pendulum. 
See Slypdndra. 

cirratum . . Wht. 6, G. Her. P. 3 N. Zealand 1821 
fimbriatum . Wht. 7, G. Her. P. 1J N. Holland 1822 
minus . . . Wht. 7, G. Her. P. 1J N. Holland 1823 
paniculatuml Wit. 8, G. Bl. P. 3 N. S. Wales 1800 
pendulum 2 . Wht. 7, G. Her. P. 1J Teneriffe . 1816 

Arthrostemma, Pavon. From arthron, a joint, 
and stemon, a stamen ; their stamens or con- 
nectives being jointed. Linn. 8, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Melastmnacece. Beautiful plants, growing 
about two feet high, with rose or lilac-coloured 
flowers ; they grow in loam, mixed with a little 
peat, and increase from cuttings. Synonyme : 
1, Rhixia versicolor. 

fragile . . Rose pur. 7, S. Ev. 8. 2 Mexico . . 1846 
versicolor . Pink . . 8, S. Ev. S. 2 Brazil . . 1825 
nitidum . Pa. lilac . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 B. Ayres . 1830 

Artichoke. See Ctfnara. 
Articulate, ) . . . -, , . ... 
Articulated, pointed, having joints. 

Articulations, the places where one thing is 
jointed with another. 

ArtocarpACEjE. An order separated from Ur- 
ticaceas, including the Bread-fruit (Artocarpus), 
the Bread-nut (Brdsimum) ; all the species 
abound in milky juice, and in some cases is 
rich and wholesome, as in the QalactodAndrmi ; 



in others, however, it is extremely poisonous, 
as in the Upas poison (Anliaris toxicaria). 
Ap-tocArpus, Linn. From artos, bread, and 
carpos, fruit ; in allusion to the well-known 
name and uses of the bread-fruit. Linn. 21, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Artocarpacece. To this genus 
belongs the bread-fruit tree of the South Sea 
Islands. They are difficult to cultivate in this 
country ; a light rich loamy soil is best adapted 
to them. Sweet says, ' ' they have been gene- 
rally treated too tenderly, and not allowed 
sufficient air. They appear to be of the same 
nature as the fig, to which they are nearly al- 
lied. Large cuttings root freely in a pot of 
sand, plunged under a hand-glass, in a moist 
heat, with all their leaves entire ; if the leaves 
are shortened, it is a great chance if they suc- 
ceed." For further particulars respecting this 
very valuable genus, see Loudon's Encyclopedia 
of Plants. 
incisa . . . Wht. grn. 6, S. Ev. T. 50 S.Seals. 1793 

nucifera . . Wht. grn. 6, S. Ev. T. 50 E. Ind. . 1793 
integrifdlia . Wht. grn. 6, S. Ev. T. 60 E. Tnd. . 1778 

heterophtflla Wht. grn. 6, S. Ev. T. 60 E. Ind. . 1778 

Arum, Linn. Formerly aron, supposed to be an 
ancient Egyptian word. Linn. 21, Or. 9, Nat. 
Or. Aracecs. This genus contains some very 
handsome species, while others are only useful 
on account of their medicinal qualities ; the 
flowers have generally a very disagreeable 
smell, hence they are not favourites ; they all 
succeed in common soil, and increase with 
little trouble from offsets. Synonymes : 1, Bia- 
rum gram.ine.um ; 2, B. tenuifolium. See also 
Ac6ntias, Aglaonema, Ambrostnia, Amorpho- 
phdllus, Anther&rus, Arisdsma, Arisarum, 
Bi&rum, Caladium, Colocdsia, Cryptocoryne, 
Dieffenbdchia, Dracunculus, Monstira, Pel- ' ' 
tdndra, Philodindron, Remusatia, Sauroma- 
tum, Syngbnium, Typhbnium and Xanthbsoma. 
atro-rabens . . Brn. . 7, H. Her. P. 1 K. Amer. 1758 
divaricatum . . Grn. . 7, 8. Tu. P. 2 E. Ind. . 1769 
nagellif5rme . . Brn. . 5, 8. Her. P. 1 Bengal . 1819 
gramineum 1 . Brn. . 6, H. Her. P. 3 Maurit. . 1823 
hederaceum . .Pur. .6,Epiphy. 6 W. Ind. . 1793 
Indicum . . . Brn. . S. Ev. S. 4 China . 1824 i » 
italicum . . Ltyel. 6, H. Her. P. 1£ Italy . 1B83 
integrifWium . Grn. . 6, 8. Ev. S. 3 . 1825 

marginatum . 8. Her. P. 2 E. Ind. . 1820 

macrorhlzon. . Grn. . 8. Tu. P. 2 E. Ind. . 1803 
minutum , . Pur. . 7, S. Tu. P. \K Ind. . 1802 
obtusil&bum . . 8. Her. P. 2 . 18-24 

orientale ... . 6, H. Her. P. 1 Tauria . 1820 

palmatum . . H. Her. P. 1$ . 1825 

pentaphyllum . 8. Her. P. 1 E. Ind. . 1818 

pictum . . H. Her. P. 2 Corsica . 1800 

polyphyllum . 8. Her. P. 1 S.Amer . 1818 

ramosum ... . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 3 . 1810 

ringens ... . 6, G. Her. P. J Japan . 1800 

earmentbsum . Pur. . 6, S. Her. P. 1 Brazil . 1835 
tenuifdlium 2 . Wht. . 6, H. Her. P. 1 8. Eur. . 1570 
triphyllum . Bm. . 6, H. Her. P. J ST. Amer. 1664 
zebrlnum .Brn. . 6, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1664 
venosum . . . Pur. . 3, 8. Her. P. 1$ . 1794 

maculatum. 

Aruncus. See Spir&a Aruncus. 

ArundIna, Blume. From arundo, a reed ; re- 
semblance of the stems. Linn. 20, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Orchidacece. These slender-stemmed 
plants produce flowers almost equal in size and 
beauty to GattUya. They require the orchida- 
ceous stove ; and on account of the smallness 



AEU 



51 



ASO 



of their pseudo-bulbs, their season of rest 
must not be a very ' dry one, -their native 
habitat being well-shaded places ; during 
growth, they should be watered liberally, and 
are readily increased by division. Synonyme : 
1, CymMdium, bambusifblium. 
bambusifdlia 1 . purple . 1, S. Bpi. Nepal . . 1839 
chinensis . . . 5, S. Epi. China. . 1844 

diinya .... Ro.vio. . 8, S. Epi. Singapore 1840 

ArTtndinacea, reed-like. 

Arundinaria, Michaitfc, An alteration of the 
word arundo, a reed. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Gramindcecs. These plants are only fit for 
general collections ; their culture is simple, and 
young plants are obtained from seeds. Syno- 
nymes: 1, Lud6lphia glauciscens, Pdnicmn 



3 1 . Apetal . 6, Grass. 10 E. Ind. . 1818 
macrosperma . Apetal . 6, Grass. 10 N. Amer. 1809 

AEtJNDO, Beauvois. An ancient name of doubt- 
ful origin, supposed by some to be from the 
Latin arundo, a reed ; and by a recent author 
to be from the Celtic aru, water. Linn. 3, Or. 
2, Nat. Or. Gramindcece. These are mere weeds. 
A. JDdnax, var. versicolor, is regarded by some 
on account of its striped leaves. A . Ldnax is 
grown in France and Italy for fishing-rods, 
fence-wood, training vines to, &c. See Cala- 
magrdstis, Danthonia, Digraphis, PhragmUes, 
Pba, and Ps&mma. 

Ddnax . . Apetal . . 7, Grass. 10 S. Eur. . 1648 
versicolor. Apetal . . 7, Grass. 3 S. Eur. . 1648 
festucdcea, tinax. 

Asafcetida. See Ferula,. 

AsagrAa, Lindley. In compliment to Dr. Asa 
. Gray, the author of a Treatise upon North 
American Melanthacece. Linn. 6, Or. 3, Nat. 
Or. Melanthacece. A plant of but little beauty. 
The culture and propagation is similar to that 
of TigHdia. Synonymies : 1, Helbnias offici- 
nalis ; 2, Veralrum officinale. 
officinalis . White . 9, F. Bl. P. 1 Vera Cruz. 1837 

AsAKABACCA. See Asarum. 

AsarIna. See Antirrhinum Asarina. 

•Asaktjm, Linn. From a, privative, and saron, 
feminine ; the application of the term unex- 
plained. Linn. 11, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Aristolo- 
chiacece. This is a remarkable genus of dwarf 
plants, on account of their curious flowers, 
which are frequently overlooked among the 
leaves ; it is best to plant them near the front 
of borders, on account of their dwarf charac- 
ter ; any common soil suits them, and portions 
of the root make young plants. The leaves 
and roots of A. europceum are emetic, cathar- 
tic, and diuretic. 

arifdlium . . Brown 6, H. Her. P. J N". Amer. 1823 
canadense . Brown 6, H. Her. P. J Canada . 1718 
europ&um . Purple 5, H. Her. P. J Eng. . . wds. 
grandifdlium Brown 5, H. Her. P. i N. Amer. 1820 
virginicum . Brown 5, H. Her. P. f Virginia 1759 

AscARiciDA, Oassini. Derived from ascaris, an 
intestinal worm, and ccedo, to kill, because of 
its medical properties. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Asteracem. Interesting, dwarfish annuals, 
easily cultivated, with the treatment in com- 



mon practice for stove annuals. Synonymes-; 
1, Vernbnia anthelmMica ; 2, 7. triplinirvia. 
anthelmintica 1 Purple 8, S. A. 1 E. Ind. . 1770 
triplinervia 2 . Purple 11, S. A. 1 Brazil. . 1825 

Ascendent, ) at first trailing on the ground, 

Ascending, ) then rising erect, forming a 
curve. 

Asci, small tubes, which contain the sporules of 
cryptogamous plants. 

AscfoEROUS, having asci. 

Asclepias, Linn. The Greek name of the JEs- 
culapius of the Latins. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Asclepiaddcecs. This is a genus of tall- 
growing herbaceous and shrubby plants, which 
thrive best in peat, or any very light soil. 
They require a good deal of room to show their 
characters; and are readily propagated by seeds, 
or dividing the roots. A . syrlaca is very odori- 
ferous, and in Canada, when in flower, charms 
the traveller, especially when passing through 
woods in the evening. The French there eat 
the tender shoots in spring, as we do asparagus. 
The natives make a sugar of the flowers, gather- 
ing them in the morning, whon they are covered 
with dew, and collect the cotton from the pods 
to fill their beds. On account of the silkiness" 
of this cotton, Parkinson calls it Virginian 
silk. The roots of A. decfimibens are diapho- 
retic and sudorific, and have the singular pro- 
perty of exciting general perspiration, without 
increasing the heat of the body ; it is used in 
Virginia against pleurisy. A. tuberdsa is used 
in the United States as a mild cathartic, and 
as a remedy for a variety of disorders, Syno- 
nymes: 1, A. laurifllia; 2, Cyndnchum Ipeca- 
cuanha; 3, A. connivens ; i. A. purpurdscens ; 
B, A . htfbrida. See Andntherix, Caldtropis, Cy- 
ndnchum, Ddsmia, Gomphoc&rpus, Gymnema, 
Sarcostimma, Styldndra, and Xysmalbbium. 
acuminata Red . . 7, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1826 
alexlaca . Green . H Ev. Tw. 6 Ceylon . 1816 
am&na . Purple . 8, H. Her. P. 3 N". Amer. 1782 

""caulS"} Eed ' • ' 7 ' H - Her - R 2 N - Amer - 1816 

^oUa*'" } WMt8 ■ 7 ' H ' Her ' P - 3 Mexio ° • 1S1 ? 

^Mca 2~ } Wnite ' 7 > Sl Bv - Tw - 6 Ce y lo » ■ 181* 

cinerea . Brown . 7, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1825 

' citrif&lia . "White . 7, S. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1818 
corntiti 

curassavica Scarlet . 7, S. Her. P. 8 S. Amer. 1692 

alba . . White . 7, 8. Her. P. 3 S. Amer. 

debilis . . White . 7, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1818 

decumbens Orange . 7, H. Tu. P. 2 N. Amer. 1731 

Douglasii . Red gr. . 6, H. Her. P. 1JN. Amer. 1846 

exaltata 3 Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 6 N". Amer. 1800 

Greeniana "White S. Ev. S. 2 . 1828 

incamata . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 2 H". Amer. 1710 

Linaria . White . 7, G. Her. P. 2 Moxico . 1802 

linifdlia . White . 7, H. Her. P. 8 Mexico . 1818 

longif 61ia . Pa. pur. 7, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1816 

mexicana . White . 7, G. Her. S. 3 Mexico . 1821 

nivea . . White . 8, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 1730 

obtusif&lia Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 1820 ' 

parvifldra. White . 9, G. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 1774 

pauperculaRed . . 7, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1817 

^oides " . } Pur P le 7,H Her. P. 8 N. Amer. 1812 

V °olyT } White • 1 > H ' Her - P - 4 N - Amor - 1825 
pulohfflla . Straw S. Ev. Tw. Silhet . 1850 

pfilchra . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 

p 5f' i } Purple 7, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 1732 

B 2 



ASC 



52 



ASP 



quadrifblia W. red . 7, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1820 

r6sea . . Red . . 7, G. Her. P. 1 Mexico . 1824 

rubra . . Bed . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Virginia . 1825 

salicifblia . White . 7, 6. Her. P. 2 Mexico . 1817 

syrlaoa . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 4 N. Amer. 1626 

tuberosa . Orange . 8, H. Tu. P. 2 N. Amer. 1680 

variegata . White . 7 H. Her. P. 4 N. Amer. 1597 

verticillataWht. gr. 7, H. Her. P. S N. Amer. 1759 

virgata . White . 7, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 1820 

vestlta . . Yelsh.gr. 10, G. Hor. P. 2 N. Amer. 1844 

Asclepium. See Thdpsia Asclepium. 

AsodBOLUS, Persoon. From asJcos, a bladder, 
and hallo, to eject ; in allusion to the principal 
peculiarity of the genus. Linn. 24, Or. 9, 
Nat. Or. Helvellacece. A curious production, 
found chiefly on old cow soil — ciliatus, furfu- 
raceus, glaber, trifbliv, vinbsus. 

Ascophora, Tode. From askos, a term used to 
denote a peculiar kind of receptacle of sporules, 
and phono, to bear. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. 
Miccoracece. This is mere mould, as seen upon 
old paste, &c. — mucedo. 

Ascyron. See Hypericum Aseyron. 

Asotrum, Linn. From a, privative, and slcyros, 
hard ; plants soft to the touch. Linn. 16, Or. 
8, Nat. Or. Hyperic&cece. The species are dwarf 
and curious, and succeed well with the treat- 
ment given to Hypericum. See Nordntea. 
amplexicaule . Yel. 8, G. Ev. S. 1£ N. Amer. IS'3 
crux-Andrea; . Yel. 7, G. Ev. S. 2 N. Amer. 1759 
hypericoldes Yel. 8, G. Ev. S. 1 N. Amer. 1759 
pumilum . . Yel. 7, P. Her. P. \ Georgia . 1806 
stahs Yel. 8, G. Ev. S. lj N. Amer. 1816 

Aseranthes. See Jlschindnthus grandiftbrus. 

Ash-tree. See Frdxinus. 

Asiatic poison-bulb. See Crlnum asidticum. 

AsfMiNA, Adanson. A name of Canadian origin, 
meaning unknown. Linn. 13, Or. 6, Nat. Or. 
Anonacece. Ornamental shrubs, from one to 
three feet high ; they succeed best in peat and 
loam, and are of easy propagation by layering 
the branches. Synonyme: 1, Andna trildba. 
grandiflbra . White . 6, H. De. S. 3 Georgia . 1820 
parviflbra . Brown . 5, H. De. 8. 3 N. Amer. 1806 
pygmia . . White . 6, H. De. S. 2 N. Amer. 1812 
trildba . . .Pa. pur. . 8, H. De. S. 8 China . . 1822 

Askalon (the Shallot;. See Allium ascaldnicum. 

As6ca. See Jonesia Asbca. 

Aspalathus, Linn. Said to be derived from a, 
privative, and spao, to extract ; in reference to 
the thorns. Linn. 16, Or. 6, Nat. Or. FabacecB. 
"All the species are rather ornamental when 
in flower. A mixture of loam, peat, and sand, 
is the soil best adapted for them ; and young 
cuttings of all will strike in sand, under bell- 
glasses, but the glasses must be wiped occasion- 
ally, or the cuttings are very liable to damp 
off." — Bon's System of Gard. and Botany. See 
Cyeldpia. 

afflnia .... Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 O. G. H. 1822 
albens , . White . 7, G. Ev. S. 4 C. G. H. 1774 

aranebari . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. 1795 
arboreue . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 7 C. G. H. 

argehtea . . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 1759 
asparagoldes . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. 1812 
astroltes . . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1818 
callbsa . . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 1812 
cahdicans . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1774 
carnbsa . . Yellow 7, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. 1795 
capitata . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 1823 
Chenopoda . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. 1759 
ciliaris . . . Yellow 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1799 
crassifblia . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1800 



ericifblia . 
galioldes . 
genistolde^ 
globbaa . 
Mspida . 
hyatrix , 
indica . . 
lariclna . 
mucronata 
multiflbra . 
pedunculata 
quinquefdlia 
serlcea . . 
spindsa . . 
aquarrdsa . 
subulata . . 
tbymifolia . 
unifldra 



. Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1789 

. Yellow . 7, G. Ev.Tr. 2 C. G. H. 1817 

. Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 1816 

. Orange . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 1802 

. Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. 1818 

. Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1824 

. Red . . 7, G. Ev. 8. 3 E. Ind. 1759 
. Yellow " 



C. G. H. 1823 
C. G. H. 1796 



7. G. Ev. 8. 2 
Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 

. Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 O. G. H. 1818 

. Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1775 

. Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1816 

. Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1816 

. Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 1824 

. Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1823 
. Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 1J C. G. H. 1789 

. Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1825 

. Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. 1812 



Asparagin. A peculiar principle abundant in 
Asparagus. 

AspIragus, Linn. Derived from as, intensive, 
and sparasso, to tear, some of the species being 
armed with strong prickles. Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Liliacece. The character and mode 
of treating this favourite genus is known by 
all ; suffice it to say, that they are most suc- 
cessful in good rich light soil, and may be mul- 
tiplied by seeds or divisions, 
acutlfolius . Wht.gn. 5, P. Ev. 8. 
sethi6picus . White . 6, G. Ev. S. 
albus . . . White . 8, P. Ev. 8. 
amarua . . Green . 7, H. Her. P, 
aphyllua . White . 6, P. Ev. S. 
aaiaticus . . White . 5,.G. Ev. 



.1640 
.1816 
. 1540 
.1824 
.1640 
.1759 



dahuricua 

declinatus 

deeumbens 

dependens 

falcatus . 

flexubsus . 

grandifldrus . White 

h6rridus . . White 

lahceus . 

lariclnus . 

longifoliua 

lucidus 

maritimus 

nivenianus 

officinalis 



3 C. G. H. 

2 Spain . 

4 France 

3 S. Eur. 

3 Asia . 

2 Canaries . 1822 

4 C. G. H. . 1C91 

3 Caucasus . 1821 
8 Dauria . 1823 

5 C. G. H. 
2 C. G. H. 



Broussoneti . Gn.wht. 5, H. Her. P. 
capensis . . Green . 4, G. Ev. S. 
. Gn.wht. 6, H. Her. P. 
. Green . 4, H. Her. P. 
. Whtgn. 5, P. Her. P. 
Wht.gn. 4, G. Her. P. 
White . 6, G. Ev. Tw. 4 O. G. H. 
. Wht.gn. 4, 8. Ev. S. 3 E. Ind. 
Wht.gn. 7, 8. Ev. 8 3 C. G. H. 
. 7, G. Her. CI. 4 Teneriffe 
. 6, P. Ev. Tw. 4 8. Eur. 
. White . 5, G. Her. CI. 3 C. G. H. 
. White . 5, G. Her. P. 2 C. G. H. . 1S16 
. White . 7, H. Her. P. 3 Siberia . 1827 

5, G. Her. CI. 4 Macao. .1844 

6, H. Her. P. 2 Caspian . 1823 
Wt. pur. 5, G. Her. P. 2 C. G. H. . 1811 

. Green . 7, H. Her. P. 4 Egl. . sea co. 
plocamoldes . Gr* wht. 6, H. Her. P. 
racemosus . Wht.gn. 5, G. Ev. 8. 
retrofractus . White . 7, G. Ev. Tw. 4 Africa . 
aarmentbaus. Wht.gn. 8, 8. Ev. Tw. 6 Ceylon 
seahdens . . Green , 6, G. Ev. Tw. 6 C. G. H. 
Smithiauus . Gn.wht. 5, G. Her. P. 3 Teneriffe 

. White . 5, G. Ev. Tw. 4 C. G. H. 
Wt. grn. 6, P. Ev. S. 3 C. G. H. 

. Green . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Hungary . 1819 

. Yellow . 6, H. Her. P. 8 Hungary . 

. White . 5, G. Her. P. " 

. Grn yel. 6, G. Her. CI. 

. Gn.wht. 6, G. Her. P. 

, White . 7, H. Her. P. 



. Green 
Green 



1759 

1792 

1819 

1792 

1800 

1828 ' 

1S00 

1811 



3 Teneriffe . 1829. 

S E. Ind. . 1808 
1759 
1810 
1795 
1829 
1821 
1811 



3 C. G. H. . 1822 

4 

2 Caucasus . 1816 

2 Caucasus . 1752 



stipulaceus 
subulatus 
sylvaticus 
tenuifdlius 
tetragbnus 
tricarinatus . 
umbellatus 
verticillaris . 

AspAslA, Lindley. From aspazomai, I embrace, 
in allusion to the manner in which the column 
is embraced by the labellum. Linn. 20, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Orchidacem. Elegant plants, with, 
the aspect of Epidendrum. The flowers of A. 
variegatum are deliciously sweet in the morn- 
ing. For culture and propagation, see Stan- 
hdpea. 

epidendroldes . Wht. yel. 2, 8. Epi. 1 Panama . 1S33 
lunata - . , Gr. or. S. Epi. 1 Brazil . . 1844 

lutea .... Yellow . 3, S. Epi. 1 Guiana . 1838 
variegata . . Grn.str. . 2, 8. Epi. J Panama . 1836 

Aspen. _See Populus trimula. 



ASP 



53 



ASP 



Aspera, harsh, rugged. 

Asperella. See klymus hgstrix. 
.Aspergillus, Micheli. From aspergillum, be- 
cause of its resemblance to the brush with 
which the holy water is scattered in catholic 
ceremonies. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Botry- 
tacece. Mere nionldiness, found in patches 
upon rotten substances, and damp species in 
herbariums — aUreus, cdndidus, glaHcus, ld.ne.us, 
m6llis, penicillatus, virens, rbseus. 

AsPEROcdccns, Lamour. From asper, rough, 
and kokkos, seed ; the seeds have a rough sur- 
face. Linn. 24, Or. 7, Mat. Or. Fucdcece. 
This species is found on rocks — comprtesus. 

Asperugo, Linnaeus. Derived, on account of 
its asperity, from asper, rough. Linn. 5, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Boragindcece. Altogether unin- 
teresting, except in a botanical point of view, 
proctlmbens . Blue . 4, H. Tr. A. 1 Britain, rubbish. 

Asperula, Linnceus. A diminutive of asper, 
rough ; leaves. Linn, i, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Ga- 
lidceee. A. arvensis is a mere weed ; all the 
rest of the species are pretty, and excepting 
cyndnchica, remarkable for thriving under the 
shade of trees, in moist soil. The scent oi 
A. odorata is quite pleasant, and the plant 
has been'used for flavouring wine, perfuming 
clothes, &o. An infusion of A. cyndnchica 
is astringent, and is used as a gargle. A. 
odorata is diuretic, Synonyms: 1, A. ri- 
valis. 2, Galium, glaucum. 8, A. ripens. 
i, Galium humifusum. 5, A. incdna. See 
Ernbdea. 

almna . . White 7, H. Her. P. I Caucasus 1820 
Amrtae 1 White . 7 H. Her. P. 2 S. Eur. . 1818 
• arXfinsL ! Bed . . 4 H. Her. P. i Arcadia . 1819 
aristata . . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 1 S. Eur. . 1823 
brev&Mia . Purple . i P. Ev. Tr. i Europe . 1826 
crassifdlia . White . 6, H. Her. P. i Levant .1775 
cyntochica . Flesh . 7, g. Her. P. f Eng., ch. hills 
galioldes 2 . White . 7, g. Her. P. f S. Eur. 1710 
hirshta3 .White . 6, H. Her. P. | Portugal 1819 
Mrta Purple 7, H. Her. P. i Pyrenees 1817 

humifosa 4 i White . 7, g. Her. Tr. | Caucasus 1818 

£vXa • ■ W : k I: iS: I i* ?&. : i™ 
3£' : S PBr :{5S=:5: 1 *g , SSP.iS 

?dortta : i TOte . i g. Her. P. i Brit ^ woods 

pyrenaica . Flesh . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Spam . . 1821 

iirri/lo Red . 7. H. Her. P. i Greece . 1819 

Sra' " ' White H.Her.P.l Italy. .1824 

SeUari's White . 6 H. Her. P. 1 Russia . 183S 

surtS ' Pink 6 H. Her. P. I Caucasus 1821 
£C ■ White a H. Her. P.J Italy. .1789 

rtaSSSa Pink . 7 H. Her. P. i Europe . 1761 

trifhftdaa White . 6, H. K. i Persia . lass 

tyriScf . : WMte ! el H. Her. P. i Levant .1829 

arvinsis. 

Asphalathus. See Aspdlathus. 
' Asphelandra. See Apheldndra. 

Asphodel. See AspMdelus. 

Asphodelace2E. An order of herbaceous plants 
merged in Lilidcece, from which they were 
found to differ in no' essential characters. 

Asph6deeus, Linnceus. From a, privative, and 
sphallo, to supplant ; a flower not to be sur- 
passed. Lml 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Ul^cm. 



These plants are of a bold aspect, and when in 
flower very ornamental ; common soil suits 
them well, and young plants are obtained 
without difficulty from the roots. See Ere- 
nzurus. 

. White 7, H. Her. P. 2 Spain . 1820 

. White 4, H. Her. P. 3 S. Eur. 

. White 6, H. Her. P. 2 Levant . 1824 

. Pa. yel. 6, H. Her. P. 4 S. Europe 1812 
White 6, H. Her. P. 2 

. White 7, S. A. 1 

. Yellow 6, H. Her. P. % 

. White 8, H. Her. P. 

7, G. P. 
6, H. Her. P. 
6, H. Bl. P. 

8, H. A. 
4, H. Her. P. 



HBStlVUS . 

albus . . 
asiaticus . 
capillaris . 
cerasiferus. 
clavatus . 
cretieus . 
fistulbsus . 
intermedins 
luteus . . 
microcarpus 
proliferus . 
ramdsus . 
sibiricus . 
tauricus . 
tenuior . . 



White 
Yellow 
Yellow 
White 
White 



E. Indies 1808 
2. Candia . 1821 

1 S. Eur. . 159S 
li Canaries. 1822 
3 Sicily. . 1596 

2 Dalmatia 1831 
i Armenia 1824 

2 S. Eur. . 1551 

. Pa. yel. 5^H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1829 

. White 6,-H. Her. P. 3 Tauria . 1812 

White 7, H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1824 

Aspicarpa, Richard. The form of the fruit re- 
sembles a shield ; hence the name from aspis, 
a shield, and karpos, fruit. Linn. 1, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Malpighiacece. A twining plant of 
little interest, and easy cultivation, 
ilrens . . Apetal . 7, S. De. Tw. 6 S. Amer. . 1821 
AsPlDfsTRA, Ker. From aspidiseon, a' little 
round shield ; the form of the flower. Linn. 
8, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lilidcece. Curious plants, 
remarkable for producing their flowers under 
the surface of the earth. They grow in any 
common soil ; and are increased by suckers, 
elatior .... Brown 10, S. Her. P. 2 Japan 1835 

variegata . . Brown 10, S. Her. P. 2 Japan 1835 
lurida .... Purple 7, S. Her. P. 1 China 1822 

variegata . . . Purple 7, S. Her. P. 1 China, 
punctata . . . Purple 3, S. Her. P. 1 China 1824 

fflbo maculata . Gr. pur. 4, G. Her. P. 1 China 1862 
AspfDlUM, Swartz. From aspidion, a little 
buckler ; because of the form of the indusium. 
Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Polypodiacece. One 
of the pretty and very interesting genera of 
Fems. A mixture of loam and peat, and a 
sheltered situation, are very suitable for them ; 
they are multiplied by seeds, or divisions. Sy- 
nonymes : 1, Nephrbdium acrosticholdes. 2, 
N. decomp6situm. 3, Cydthea dentdta. i, 
Aspldivm trapezoldcs. 5, Polypbdiwmjrdgrans. 
6, Nephrbdium unltum. 



acrostich- 
oldes 1 J 
aculeatum 
aamulum . 
alatum 
alplnuin , 
angulare . 
atomarium 
auriculatum 
bulblferum 
cicutarmm 
cordiffilium 
coriaceum 
cristfiitum . 



Brown 7, H. Her. P. 1J N. Amer. 

7, H. Her. P. 2 Brit., sha. pi. 
7, G. Her. P. 2 Madeira 1779 
7, S. Her. P. 1J E. Indies. 
7, H. Her. P. I S. Eur. . 1825 



Brown 

Brown 

Br. yel. 

Brown ., 

Brown 7, H. Her. P. 

Brown 7, H. Her. P. 

7, S. Her. P. 

7, H. Her. P. 

7, S. Her. P. 

6, S. Her. P. 

7, G. Her.'P. 
7, H. Her. P. 



Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 




1J Eng., dp. pi. 

decomposi- 1 Brown 7 G. Her. P. JN. HoJJ. . 1820 
turn 2 J ___, „ „ _ _ „ _ ._ 



decurrens 
dentatum 3 
dilatatum . 
dumetorum 
elongatum 
exaltAtum 
Pilix-mas . 
fragile 



Br. yel 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
. Brown 
Brown 
Brown 



5, S. Her. P. 

6, H. Her. P. 

6, H. Her. P. 

7, H. Ser. P. 

6, G. Her. P. 

7, S. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 
7.H. Her. P. 



grande . . .Br. yel. 5, 8. Her. P. 



1^1. of Luzon. 

I Wales, rocks. 
2 Brit, dp. pi. 

I Brit., rocks. 
2 Madeira . 1779 

4 Jamaica . 1793 

5 Brit, sha. pi. 
J Brit, walls. 

i Siberia . 1820 
1 I. of Luzon, 



ASP 



54 



AST 



".} 



Haller 
heraeleifb- 

lium . 
Hookeri 
indivlsum 
intermedium 
irrlguum . . 
1 ati t blium . . 
lobatum . . 
Lonchltis . . 

asperrimum 
macroph^l- ) 

lum . J 
marginale 
m611e . . . 
montanum . 
mucronatum 
novebora- \ 

cense . . J 
Oreopteris 
paraslticum . 
patens . . . 
poctinatum 4 
pennlgerum . 
propinquum . 
pube*scens 
ptingens . . 
regium . , 
repandum 
rbieticum . . 
rhizoph^llum 
rigidum 5 . . 
8e"rra . . . 
Singaporia- ) 

num . . ]* 
spinul&sum . 
Theljrpteris . 
trapezoldes . 
trifoliatum . 
tuber6sum . 
vmi turn 6 . . 
villdsum . . 



Br. yel. 4 

Yellow 

Br. yeL 6. 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Br, yel. 
Brown 
Brown 
Br. yel. 

Brown 

Brown 7. 
Brown 

Brown 6, 

Brown 6, 

Brown 7, 

Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 

Br. yel. 4, 

Brown 



Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 
Brown 



H. Her. P. 1\ Switzerl. 1824 
S. Her. P. 



8. Her. P. 
S. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
8. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 



W. Ind. . 1812 
3 Jamaica 1824 
2 N. Amer. 1323 

1 Brit., dp. pi. 
I. of Luzon. 

2 Eng., sha. pi. 
iJ-Brit., rocka. 

1 N. Amer. 1824 



S. Her. P. W. Ind.. 1816 



H. Her. P. 
S. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
S. Her. P. 

H. Her. P. 

H. Her. P. 
S. Her. P. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Her. P. 
G. Her. P. 
S. Her. P. 
8. Her. P. 
G. Her. P. 
8. Her. P. 
S. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
S. Her. P. 



2 N. Amer. 1772 
2 Caraceas 1824 
$ Switzerl. 1819 

2 Jamaica . 1820 

1J N. Amer. 1812 

3 Brit., heaths. 

1 E. Indies 1824 

2 Jamaica . 1784 

1 "W. Indies 1820 
6 W. Indies. 

2 E. Indies 1793 

1 Jamaica . 1817 
W. Indies. 

JBrit., rocks. 
I. of Luzon. 
£ Brit. , rocks. 
\ Jamaica . 1820 
I S. Eur. . 1816 

2 Jamaica . 1819 



H. Her. P. Malacca. 



Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 



1 Brit., dp. pi. 

1 Brit., dp. pi. 

J Jamaica . 1824 
1£W. Indies 1769 
14 W. Indies. 

2 N. Holl. 1793 

3 W. Indies 1793 



Asplenium, Zinnceus. From a, privative, and 
splen, spleen ; its supposed medicinal qualities. 
Linn. 24, Or. 1, Wat. Or. Polypodi&cece. For 
culture, &c, see Aspidivm. Synonymes: 1, 
A. germdnicvm. 2, Nephrbdium asplenioldes. 
3, Polypddium Filix-fcemina. 4, Aspldium 
ford&num, Polypddium font&num. 5, Aspi- 
diuirp font&num, Halteri, Athtfrium Halleri. 
6, Nephrbdium Filix-fdsmwa, Aspldium cm- 
gustum. 7, A. obUquum. 8, A. glandulbsum, 
Vallis-elausce. 9, A. rhizdpkorum. 10, A. 
acrostichdides. 11, A. Hemionltis. See Al- 
lantbdia, Ccendpt&ris, CUerach, Dipl&zium, 
Meniscium, Scolope'ndrium. 



acutum 


. Brown 


4, G. Her. P. 


2 Teneriffe 1818 


Adiantum - 
nigrum . 


j- Brown 


8, H. Her. P. 


1 Britain Sh. PI. 


A. n. flabel- 
latum 


J Brown 

. Brown 


8 H. Her. P. 


1 Britain Sh. PI. 


alatum . . 


7, 8. Her. P. 


1 Brazil . 1864 


alternifdlium 1 Brown 


7, H. Her. P. 


£ Scotland. 


ambiguum 


. Brown 


8, G. Her. P. 


5 W. Indies. 


angustifolium, Brown 


7, H. Her. P 


1 N. Amer. 1812 


auritum . 


. Brown 


9, S. Her. P. 


1 S. Amer. 1829 


Athyrium 2 


. Brown 


8. H. Her. P. 


2 N. Amer. 1823 


attenuatum 


. Brown 


7, G. Her. P. 


1£ N. HolL 1824 


Belangeri . 


. Brown 


7, G. Her. P. 


1* 


biaurltum 


. Brown 


7, S. Her. P. 


1 W. Indies. 


bipartltum 


. Brown 


8, S. Her. P. 


14 Jamaica . 1820 


bisectum . 


. Brown 


7, S. Her. P. 


l. 1 ,- Jamaica. 1821 


brasiliense 


. Brown 


7, 8. Her. P. 


1 Brazil . 1822 


bulblferum 


. Brown 


7, G. Her. P. 


1 N. Zeal. . 1820 


calophyllum 


. Brown 


6, S. Her. P. 


14 I. of Luzon. 


canariense 


. Brown 


7, G. Her. P. 


1 Canaries 1824 


caudatum . 


. Brown 


0, G. Her. P. 


1 


cicutaritun 


. Brown 


8, S. Her. P. 


1 W. Indies 1820 


crenatum . 


. Brown 


9, S. Her. P. 


3 Brazil . 1826 


cultrifblium 


. Brown 


7, 8. Her. P. 


1 "W. Indies 1820 


cuneatum . 


, Brown 


9, 8. Her. P. 


1 W. Indies 1832 



dontatum . . Brown 7, S. Her. P. J W. Indies 1820 

dentex . . Brown 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H, 1790 

depressum . Brown 8, S. Her. P. 1 

diflorme . . Brown 8, G Her. P. J N. Holl. . 1823 

dimidiatum . Brown 9, S. Her. P. i W. Indies 1827 

diversifdlium Brown 6, G. Her. P. i Norf. Is. 1831 

ebeneum . . Brown 7, H. Her. P. J N. Amer. 1779 

elongatuni . Br. yel. 6, S. Her. P. 1 Malao. . 1840 

erdsum . Br. yel. 6, S. Her.- P. J W. Indies. 



falcatum . . Brown 7, G. Her. P. 

Pilix-fcemina3 Brown 4, H. Her. P. 

fissum . . . Brown 4, S. Her. P. 

flabellifdlium Brown 7, S. Her. P. 

flabellulatum Brown 5, S. Her. P. 

flaccidum . . Brown C, 8. Her. P. 

foaniculaceum Brown 6, S. Her. P. 

fontanum 4 . Brown 7, H. Her. P. 

. Brown 6, S. Her. P. 

. Brown 8, S. Her. P. 

. Brown 7, H. Her. P. 

. Yellow 4, 8. Her. P. 

. Brown 5, S. Her. P. 

. Brown 8, H. Her. P. 



formdsum 

fragrans 

Halleri 5 

lacteum 

l&tum . 

lanceolatum 

longissimum 

lucidum . 

maderense 

marlnum 



1 N. Holl. 1825 

2 Britain.Sh.pl. 
1 Hungary 1825 

i N. Holl. 1820 
1* 

1 N. Zeal. . 1843 
1 

J Eng., water 
1 W. Indies 1822 

$ Jamaica . 1793 

I Switzerl. 1819 

I W. Indies. 

i W. Indies. 

i England,rocks 



Brown 5, 8. Her. P. 1 Malao. . 1840 

Yellow 5, S. Her. P. i W. Indies. 

Brown 6, H. Her. P. f Madeira . 1828 

Brown 7, H. Her. P. £ Britain, rocks, 

melanocaalon Brown 7, H. Her. P. \ N. Amer. 1812 

Michanxii 6 . Brown 8, H. Hor. P. l\ N. Amer. 1823 

m mui tne ; } Brown 7, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 1790 
montanum . Brown 7, H. Her. P. i N. Amer. 1819 
m ftm' Pl ? 1 :] Browa 8,G.Her.P. 1 
Nidus 2' '. .Brown 8, 8. Her. P. 1 E. Indies 1820 
obtusatum 7 . Brown 7, G. Her. P. 1J N. Holl. 1824 
obtusifblium . Brown 7, S. Her. P. 1 1838 

oligophyllum Brown 8, 8. Her. P. 1 Brazil . 1841 
otltes . . . Brown 7, 8. Her. P. i 1841 

7, G. Her. P. J S. Eur. . 1816 

7, S. Her. P. 1 I. of Luzon. 

8, H. Her. P. $ France . 1819 
. Brown 7, S. Her. P. i E. Indies 1841 
. Brown 6, 8. Her. P. | N. Zeal. . 1843 
. Brown 8, 8. Her. P. f Jamaica . 1793 
. Brown 6, 8. Her. P. | Jamaica. 
. Brown 7, H. Her. P. £ W. Indies 1823 

Brown 6, S. Her. P. " 
Brown 6, 8. Her. P. 

7, S. Her. P. 

8, 8. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 
7, H. Her. P. 

Her. P. 



palmatum 11 . Brown 

persicifblium . Brown 

Petrarch* 8 . Brown 

planicaule . 

pdlyodon . 

prasmdrsum 

pulchrum . 

pilmilum . 

rachirblzon 

raaicans 9 . 

resectum . . Brown 

rhiz6phorum . Brown 

rhizophyllum Brown 

Buta-muraria Brown 

salicifdlium . Brown 6, S. 

"dfe :] ^own 7,8. He, P. 
septenbriouale Brown 7, H. Her. P. 



§ "W. Indies 1820- 
i Maurit. . 1820 
1 Jamaica . 1753 
| N. Amer. 1680 
| Britain, walls. 
£ "W. Indies. ' 



:}' 



serratum . 

serrulatum 

Shepherdii 

striatum . 

sulcatum 

thelyptero 

Ides 10 
Trich6manes 
T. Harftvii 
vlride . . 
vittsBf&rme 
viviparum 
zamiarfdlium 

assaracus. 
Asses Eyes, 



Brown 8, 8. 
Br. yel. 6, S. 
Brown 8, 8. Her. P. 
Brown 8, S. Her. P 
Brown 7, 8. Her. P. 



1 I.ofXeytel840 
^ Britain, rocks. * 

■ ' 1793 



Her. P. 1 j W. Ind. 

Her. P. 1 India. 

1 N. Holl. 1820 
1 W. Ind. 1793 
J W. Ind. 1827 

Brown 7, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1823 

i Britain, rocks. 



Brown 7, H. Her. P. 
. Brown 7, H. Her. P. 
. Brown 6, H. Her. P. J Britain, rooks. 
. Br. yel. 8. Her. P. 1 I. ot Luzon. 
. Brown 8, 8. Her. P. 1 Maurit. 1820 
. Brown 7, S. Her. P. 1J Caraceas 1820 



See Narcissus. 
See Stizoldbium itrens. 
Ass6nia, Cavanilles. In honour of Ignatius 
d'Asso, a distinguished Spanish botanist. 
Linn. 16, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Sterculiasece. These 
plants are ornamental and of easy cultivation 
in sandy soil ; cuttings are propagated with- 
out difficulty in sand or sandy loam, in heat, 
populnoa . . . White C, 8. Ev. T. 10 Bourbon 1820 
viburnoldes . . White 6, 8. Ev. T. 10 Bourbon 1822 

Assurgent, lising upwards. 

Astartea, Deamdolle. A mythological name ; 



AST 



55 



AST 



Astarte, in Syria Venus. Linn. 18, Or. 2, 
Nat," Or. Myrtacece. An ornamental species, 
three feet high ; for culture. &c. , see Melaleuca. 
Synonyme : 1, Melaleuca fascicularis. 
fascicularia 1 . . White 5, G. Ev. S. 3 N. Holl. . 1830 

Astelia, R. Brown. From a, without, and 
stelecJws, a stem. Linn. Nat. Or. Liliacea. 
Curious plants. They thrive in the green- 
house in a light loamy soil, and produce abun- 
dance of off-sets ; these, if detached and 
planted either in sawdust or very porous earth, 
with a slight bottom heat, will soon produce 
roots. 

Bahksii . . , Green 5, G. Her. P. 1 N. Zeal. . 1837 
Cunninghamii . Green 5, G. Her. P. 1 N. Zeal. . 1859 

Astelma, R. Brown. From a, privative, and 
stelma, crown, in allusion to the construction 
of the fruit. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Aste- 
rdeeos. Beautiful flowering plants, especially 
A. e&miwm ; they grow about three feet high, 
and thrive well in sandy peat soil ; the pots 
must be well drained, and the soil carefully 
watered, or they do not progress freely, but on 
the contrary, the whole plant appears to lan- 
guish ; they delight in a situation near the 
glass, with a free admission of air ; they in- 
crease by seeds, sown in light open soil, or 
cuttings planted in sand, or sandy soil, strike 
without difficulty. Synonymes : 1, Eliehrpsum 
caniscens. 2, E. fragrans. 3, E. imbricatum. 
4, Gnaphalium milhflbrum. 5, Eliehrpsum 
retbrtum. 6, E. speciosissimum. 7, E. spirdle. 
8, E. Stceheltna. 9, E. variegatum. See Eli- 
ehrpsum. 

canescens 1 . . Purple 6, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 1794 
eximium . . . Crim. 7, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. 1798 
fragrans 2 . . . Pink . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 1803 
imbricatum 3. .White 8, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 1820 
millefldrum 4 . Pa. pur. 7, G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H. 1802 
retbrtum 5 . . White 7, G. Ev. S. 1J C. G. H. 1732 
speciostssimum 6 White 8, G. Ev. S. 8 C. G. H. 1691 
spirile 7 . . White 9, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 1801 
Strehellnum . . White 8, G. Ev. S. 1J C. G. H. 1801 
variegatum 9 . . Br.wht. 6. G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1801 

Astephanus, R. Brown. From a, privative, 
and Stephanos, crown ; in reference to the sta- 
mens. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Aselepia- 
dacew. These are twining plants of consider- 
able beauty, growing about four feet high, iu 
peat and loam, and are increased by division, 
linearis . . White . 7, G. Ev. Tw. 4 C. G. H. 1816 
trifldrus . . White . . 7, G. Ev. Tw. 4 C. G. H. 1816 

Asteracantha. From aster, a star, and 
alcantha, a spine. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Acanthaeeee. " This is a handsome herbaceous 
greenhouse plant, seeds of which were sent to 
the Horticultural Society by Mr. M'Culloch, 
one of the gardeners to His Highness the 
Pacha of Egypt. If care is taken to reduce 
the vigour of the leaves, by not giving .the 
plant too much shade and moisture, it becomes 
very handsome j but if it is permitted to run 
to leaf 'too much, its beauty is considerably im- 
paired." — Bot. Reg. Synonyme: Barl&rialon- 
gifblia. 
longifolia . . Yellow 7, G. Her. P. 2 Egypt . 1781 

AsTERACEffi. A large order of plants bearing 



compound flowers, and generally known as 
Comp6sitos. 
ASTER, Linnaeus. From aster, a star ; the 
flowers resemble little stars from the rays of 
their circumference. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Asteracece. Many species of this extensive 
genus are stately and handsome plants, such 
as A. puniceus, pulchillus, &c. : the expanded 
flowers, which appear in autumn when others 
are over, have been compared to a star, from 
the numerous rays of the circumference ; they 
succeed iu any soil or situation, and the her- 
baceous kinds increase abundantly from 
division. A. Argophpllus is a very rapid- 
growing species, and forms an ornamental tree 
when planted in the border of a conservatory : 
its leaves have also a fine fragrance resembling 
musk. Synonymes: 1, A. pumilus. 2, A. 
pennsylvdnicus. 3, A. wmbellalixs. 4, A. dra- 
cunculoides. 5, Solidago Tricolor. 6, A. bi- 
ennis. 7, A. Maryldndica. 8, A. seoparius. 
9, A. pubiscens. 10, A. carneus. 11, Grin- 
dilia sibirica. 12, A. glaucus. 13, A. lucidus. 
14, A. leucdnthemus. 15, A. expdnsus. 16, 
A. parviflbrus. 17, A. ledifdlius. 18, A. vil- 
Idsus. 19, A. fruticulbsus. 20, A. pinifblius. 
21, A. amcenus. 22,-1. alpinus rambsus. 23, 
A. glaucus cyaneus. 24, A. virg&tus. 25, A. 
hungdricus. 26, A. virginicus. 27, A. den- 
tatus, ferruglneus. 28, A. pdtulus, strictus. 29, 
A. tanaeetif Alius, macrdnthera. See Callistema, 
Erigeron, Eurpbia, Galatilla, Haxtbnia, and 
MachcerantMra. 

abbreviatus . Blue . 8, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 
acris .... Blue . 8, H. Her. P. 2 8. Eur. . 1731 
aouleatus . . White 6, G. Ev. S. 2 N. Holl. 1818 
aeumin&tus . Pa.rd. 9, H. Her. P. 1J N.Amer. 1S06 
adulterlnus . . Violet 9, H. Her. P. S N. Amer. 
sestlvus . . Blue . 7, H. Her. P. 2 N.Amer. 1776 
albus . . . White 8, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 
alpinus . . Purple 6, H. Her. P. 1 Europe 1658 

fl5re-albo . . White 7, H. Her. P. | Europe 1827 

ramdsus . . Blue . 6, H. Her. P. J Europe, 
altalous 1 . Blue . 6, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia 1804 

alwartensis . . Red . 6, H. Her. P. 1} Caueas. 1807 
amelloldes . . Violet 7, H. Her. P. 1J Podolia 1824 
Amellus . . . Purple 8, H. Her. P. 2 Italy . 1596 

angustifblius Pa. bl. 8, G. Ev. 8. 2 8. Eur. 1596 
amplexicaulis 2 Blue 10, H. Her. P. 3 N". Amer. 
amygdallnus 3 White 8, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1759 
angustifdlius . Pa. bl. 7, G. Ev. S. 6 C. G. H. 1804 
argeuteus . . Purple 8, H. Her. P. 1 N.Amer. 1801 
argoph^llus . . White 7, G. Ev. S.10 V. D. L. 1804 
artemisifl&rns 4 White 9, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 
bellidifl6rus . . Pa. rd. 9, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 
besearahicus . Purple 9, H. Her. P. 2 Russia 1834 
bloolor 5 . . . W. yel. 8, H. Her. P. 8 N.Amer. 1759 
bifldrus . . . Violet 8, H. Her. P. i Caueas. 1820 
blandus . . . Pa.bl. 10, H. Her. P. 2 N.Amer. 1800 
cabulicus . White . H. Her. P. 2 India . 1843 
canescens 6 . . Violet 9, H. B. 2 N.Amer. 1812 

eanus .... Purple 8, H. Her. P. 2 Hungary 1816 
caroUnianus . Purple 9, G. Ev. S. 8 Carolina, 
cassianlbicus . Purple 8, H. Her. P. 2 Russia 1834 
caucasious . . Purple 7, H. Her. P. 1 Caueas. 1804 
ohrysanthem-1 y; x t „ G Her p 3 Mex i 0o 1848 

oldes 29 . ) ' 

ciliatus . . . White 9, H. Her: P. 8 N. Amer. 
condnnus . . Purp. 10, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1800 
cfincolor . . . Purp. 10, H. Her. P. 1 N.Amer. 1759 
oonyzoldes 7 . White 9, H. Her. P. 1 N.Amer. 1778 
cordifolius . .Blue . 7, H. Her. P. 2 N.Amer. 1759 
coridifblius . . Pa.bl. 10, H. Her. P. 1 N.Amer. 
cornifdlius . . White 10, H. Her. P. 3 N.Amer. 1811 
corymb&Bus . . White 10, H. Her. P. 2 N.Amer. 1765 
Cymbalarire . White 9, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1786 



AST 



56 



AST 



cyaneus . . . 

desertdrum . . 

diffiisus 8 . . 

divaricatus . . 
dracunculoldes 
dumbsua . 

elegans . . . 

eminena 9 . . 

virgineus . . 

ericoldes . . . 

erubescena . . 

exasperatua . . 

filifolius . . 

firmua . . . 

floribundus . . 

foliolbsus . . 

folidsus . . 

fragilis 10 . . 

fruticul6sus . . 

gracilis . . . 

graminif&liua . 
grandifldrus 
graveolens . 

heterophyllus . 
Mapidus . 

humilis . . . 

hyssopifoliua . 

ibericua . . . 

inclaus 11 . . 

inuloldes . . 

junceua . . . 
lsevigatus 12 

lsevia IS . . . 

lanceolatus . . 

laxifldrus . . 

lux i is 14 . . . 

linarif&liua . . 

linif bliua . . . 

liratua . . . 

longifoliua . . 

lusitanicus . . 
luxurians 15 

macrophyllus , 
inarginatus . 

montilnus . . 

multiflbrus . . 

mutamlis . . 
myrsinoldes 

myrtif&lius . . 
nemorilia 17 

Nbvae-Anglige , 

ruber . . . 
Novse-Belgii 

nudifldrua . . 

oblongifdlius . 

.obtusatua . . 

pallens . . . 

paludbsus . . 
paniculatus 

pannbnicus . . 

patens . . . 

paucifl6rus . . 

pendulus . . . 

percgiinus . . 

phlogifoliua . . 
pildaus 18 
plantaginae- ) 
fbliua . . | 

plurinbrua 19 . 
polyphyllus 20 . 

prsealtus . . . 

pr&cox . . . 

prenantholdes . 

pulchellus . . 

pulcherrimus . 

punctatus . . 

puniceua 21 . . 

demissus 

pyrenama . . 
radula 

rambsua 22 . . 
recurvatue 

reflexus . . . 

reticulatus . 

rigldulua . . . 
rigidua . 



Blue 
Blue 
White 10, 
White 9. 
Whitell. 
White 10 
Blue 
Blue 10. 
W. yeL 8. 
White " 
Red . 
White 
White 
Bed . 
Purple 9, 
Pa.bl. 10, 
White 9. 
Flesh 
Blue . 
Green 8, 
Pa.pr. 10, 
Blue 11. 

White 8, 
White 9, 
White 
Pa.pr. 
Purple 8, 
Blue 
Bed . 8. 
Flesh 
Fleah 
Blue 
White 9, 
. 9. 
White 10. 
Pa.bl. 9i 
White 
White 
White 10: 
Blue 
Blue 
White 8. 
Violet 

White 9, 
Purplo 
Pa pr. 5. 
White 8' 
Lilac 
Purple 9^ 
Bed . 
Pr. bl. 9, 
Purple 8. 
Lilac 
White 6'. 
Violet 9, 
Blue 
Blue 
Violet Y, 
Purp. 10, 
White 9. 
White 9 
Blue . 7 
Violet 9 
Pa.bl. 9 

White 8 

White 6, 
White 9, 
Verml. 9, 
Violet 7, 
Blue . 9 
Purple 6 
Blue 
Violet 8 
Blue . 9. 
Blue . 
Violet 7 
White 10l 
Pr. rd. 6 
Pa. bl. 8: 
Crim. 7 
White 7 
Blue 
Purple 9 ; 



H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
a. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
G. Bv. S. 
G. Ev. S. 
G. Ev. S. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
G. Ev. S. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
G. Et. S. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
G. Ev. S. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her P. 
H. Her. P. 
G. Ev. S 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 



3 N.Amer. 17S9 

2 Siberia 1820 

2 N.Amer. 1777 

2 N.Amer. 1800 

3 Tauria . 1811 
3 N.Amer. 1734 

2 ... 1790 
6 N. Amer. 

3 V. Statea. 

3 N.Amer. 1758 

3 N. Holland. 

3 C. G. H. 1823 

3 C. C. H. 1812 
6 N.Amer. 1816 

4 N. Amer. 

3 N.Amer. 1732 

3 N.Amer. 1799 

2 N.Amer. 1800 
i C. G. H. 1759 

1 N.Amer. 



2 N.Amer. 1720 

2 Arkansaal826 

3 N.Amer. 1811 
1 China . 1804 

1 N.Amer. 1699 

2 N.Amer. 1683 
1$ Iberia. 
1 i Siberia . 1818 



Nepal. 
4 N.Amer. 1758 

3 N.Amer. 1794 
2 N.Amer. 1758 
i N.Amer. 1811 

4 N. Amer. 

2 N. Amer. 

$ N.Amer. 1699 
it N.Amer. 1739 

3 N. S. W. 1812 
3 N.Amer. 1798 

1 Spain . 1826 

5 N.Amer. 1816 

2 N.Amer. 1739 
i N. Gran. 1827 



Carolina. 
N.Amer. 1732 
N.Amer. 1710 
N. Holl. 1825 
. 1812 
N.Amer. 1778 
N.Amer. 1710 
N Amer. 1812 
N.Amer. 1710 
N. Amer. 
li N.Amer. 1797 
4 C. G. H. 1793 
N. Amer. 
N.Amer. 1784 
N.Amer. 1640 
Hungaryl815 
N. Amer. 1773 
Miasouri. 
N.Amer. 1758 
N. Amer. 
N. Amer.1797 
N.Amer. 1812 



H. Her. P. 1 N.Amer. 



G Ev. S. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
G. Ev. S. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 



2 C. G. H. 1759 

3 N. Amer. 

6 N.Amer. 1800 

2 N.Amer. 1800 

3 N.Amer. 1821 

1 Armenia. 

U N.Amer. 1810 

3 Hungaryl815 
8 N.Amer. 1710 

4 Gardens 1820 

2 Pyreneea. 

2 N.Amer. 1785 
} N.Amer. 1816 

3 N.Amer. 1800 
3 C. G. H. 1759 
3 N.Amer. 1812 
3 N.Amer. 1816 
1 N.Amer. 1759 



rivularia . . 
rubricaulis 23 
Bagittaafblius 
safieifblius 24 
salignus 25 .- 
sanguineus . 
Schreberi 
serioeua . . 
serdtinus . . 
sessilindrus . 
siblricus . , 
Bikkimensis 
simplex 26 . 
solidaginoldes 
sparamorus . 
spectfibilia . 
spurius . . 
squarrdsus . 
stellulatus . 
strictus _ . . 
subulatus . 
surculdsus . 
tardiflbrua . 
tartaricus . 
tenellus . . 
tenuifblius . 
tomentdsus 27 
tortifbliua . 
Tradescanti . 
trinervis . . 
Tripblium . 
undulatus . 
versicolor 
villoaua . . 
vimineua 



. White 8, 
. Purple 9, 
. Blue . 6, 
. Flesh 9, 
. White 9, 
. Blue . 9, 
. White 8, 
. Blue . 8, 
. Blue . 8, 
. Bed . 10, 
. Blue . 8, 
. Purple 9, 
. W.pur. 9, 
. White 8, 
. Pa.pr. 10, 
. Blue . 8, 
..Blue . 9, 
. Blue . 6, 
. Violet 6, 
. Violet 10, 
. Pa. bl. 9, 
. Purple 8, 
Blue . 9, 
White 8, 
Blue . 8, 
. White 8, 
Pink . 7, 
Purple 9, 
White 8, 
White 8, 
Blue . 8, 
Purple 9, 
W.pur. 8, 
White 5, 
Blue . 9. 



H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
G. Ev. S. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
G. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
G. Ev. T. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
G. B. 

H. Her. P. 
G. Ev. S. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
G. Ev. S. 
H. Her. P. 



3 N.Amer. 1S20 

4 N.Amer. 1815 

2 N.Amer. 1700 
6 N.Amer. 1760 

3 Germanyl815 

3 N. Amer. 

4 N. Amer. 

3 C. G. H. 1786 
3 N. Amer. 
6 N.Amer. 1700 
2 Siberia . 1768 

2 Sikkim 1849 

3 N. Amer. 

2 N.Amer. 1699 

3 N.Amer. 1798 
2 N.Amer. 1777 

4 N.Amer. 1789 
1J N.Amer. 1801 
2 V. D. L. 1823 

i N.Amer. 1806 
2 N. Amer. 
1£ N. Amer. 

2 N.Amer. 1775 
1 Tartary 1818 

J C. G. H. 1769 

3 N.Amer. 1723 
1J N. S. W. 1725 

1 N. Amer. 

3 N.Amer. 1633 

2 Nepal . ISIS 

2 Brit., sea sh. 

3 N.Amer. 1699 

3 N.Amer. 1790 

4 C. G. H. 1812 
2 N.Amer. 1800 



dMrgens, miser 16. 

Asterias. See Stap&lia. 
Asteeias, stellate, starry. 
AsTERfscus. See Silphium. 
Asterocephaltjs, Vaillant. From aster, a star, 
Icephale, head ; in allusion to the seed. Linn. 

4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Dipsac&cece. Very showy 
plants, growing about two feet high in common 
soil, and. may he readily increased from seeds 
or cuttings, under a hand-glass, in the same 
kind of soil. Synonymes: 1, Scabidsa afri- 
cana. 2, S. agrestis. 3, S. altissima africana, 
indurd,ta. 4, S. amcena nUida. 5, S. arq&nUa. 
6, 8. atropurpHrea. 7, S. banndtica, ColUmnee. 
8, S. Bieberstelrdi. 9, S. caniscens, 10, S. 
capillMa, mdllis. 11, S. cauedsea. 12, 8. 
ceraiophflla pildsa. 13, 5. Colwmbiria. 14, 

5. commutcbta. 15, S. crenUa, coronopifdlia. 
16, 5. critica. 17, S. tlegans. 18, <S. grami- 
nifblia. 19, S. gramtimtia. 20, S. grandi- 
flira. 21, 8. holoserlem. 22, S. iiicdma. 23, 
S. intermMia. 24, S. iseUnsis. 25, S. legio- 
ngnsis. 26, S. lUeida. 27, 8. Utea. 28, 5. 
lyrMa. 29, 8. marUinm. 30, 8. micrdntha. 
31, S. mollissima. 32, S. neglieta. 33, 8. 
nltens. 34, S. ochroletica. 35, S. palcetlna. 
36, S. pauciseta. 37, 5. peclin&ta. 38, S. 
prollfera. 39, S. pyrenalca. 40, S. roOta. 41, 
8. rupCslris. 42, 8. ruiosfblia. 43, S. saxdtilis. 
44, S. ScdpoUi. 45, 8. sell/era. 46, S. sicula. 
47, S. silenifblia. 48, 8. simplex. 49. S. ski- 
Uta, laxifiira. 50, 8. tomentdsa. 51, S. 
ucrdniea, 52, S. wrceolata. 53. Webbictma. 
See Seabibsa. 



africanus 1 . 
agrestis 2 
altisaimus 3 . 
amctenus 4 . 
argenteua 5 . 



. White 8, G. Ev. S. 6 Africa . 1690 

. Purplo 8, H. Her. P. 2 Hungaryl818 

. Blue ."8, G. Ev. S. 5 Africa . 1819 

. Purple 6, H. Her. P. 2 . 1820 

. White 8, H. Her. P. 2 Levant . 1713 



AST 



57 



AST 



atropurpu- 1 B r 

reus . . J 



H. 



A. 4 B. Ind. 1629 



albus . . . 


Whits 7, 


H. A. 


3 B. Ind. 1629 


carueus . . . 


Flesh 7, 


H. A. 


3 B. Ind. 1629 


proliferus . . 


Purple 7, 


H. A. 


3 B. Ind. 1629 


rbseus . . . 


Bed . 7, 


H. A. 


3 E. Ind. 1629 


variegatus . . 


Varieg. 7, 


H. A. 


8 B. Ind. 1629 


baiiiKLtiou.s . . 


Pink . 7, 


H. Her. P. 


3 HungarylS02 


albus . . . 


White 7, 


H. Her. P. 


8 Gardens. 


Biebersteinii 8 . 


Pink . 7, 


H, A. 


H Iberia . 1S2S 


canescens 9 . . 


Lilac . 7, 


H. Her. P. 


1 HungarylS02 


capillatus 10 , 


Violet 7, 


H. Her. P. 


2 . 1820 


caucaseus H 


Blue . 6, 


H. Her. P. 


1 CauoasuS1803' 


ceratophylluslS 


Bed . 7, 


H. Her. P. 


2 Italy . 1826 


columbarius 18 


Purple 7, 


H. Her. P. 


1 Brit, dry pi. 


commutatus 14 


Blue . 7 


H. Her. P. 


1 Siberia . 1826 


crenatus 15 . 


Flesh 8, 


H. Hor. P. 


2 Italy . 1825 


creticus 16 . 


Purple 6 


G. Ev. S. 


1 Crete . 1596 


elegans 17 . 


Lt. bl. 6 


H. Her. P. 


1 S. Eur. 1813 


graminifblius 18 Blue . 7 


H. Her. P. 


1 Switzerl. 1683 


gramtintius 19 


Lt. bl. 7 


H. Hor. P. 


1 S. Eur. 1597 


grandiflbrus 20 


White 7 


H. A. 


3 Barbary 1804 


holosericeus 21 


Blue . 7 


H. Her. P. 


1 Pyreneesl818 


incanus 22 , 


Bed . 7 


H. Her. P. 


1 Europe 1826 


intermedins 23 


Blue . 7 


H. Her. P. 


1} S. Eur. 1824 


isetensis 24 . 


White 7 


H. Her. P. 


1 Siberia 1801 


legionensis 25 


Pink . 7 


H. A. 


11 Spain . 1820 


Hicidus 26 . 


Blue . 


H. Her. P. 


2 Daphny. 1800 


lnteus 27 . . 


Yellow 6 


H. Her. P. 


2 Eussia . 1820 


lyr&tus 28 . 


. Purple 7 


G. Her. P. 


1 Turkey 1799 


maritimus 29 


. Purple 7 


H. A. 


2 Italy . 1683 


micranthus 30 


. Pink . 7 


H. Her. P. 


1 Armenia 1825 


mollfssimus 31 


White 6 


H. Her. P. 


2 Italy . 1820 


neglectus 32 


. Bed . C 


, H. A. 


11 Germanyl825 


nltens 33 . . 




, H. Her. P. 


2 Azores 1779 


ochroleucus 34 


'. Yellow ', 


, H. Her P. 


1 Germanyl517 


palsestlnus 35 


. Citron ' 


, H. A 


1 Palestinel771 


paucisetus 86 


. Straw -7 


, H. Her. P 


2 S. Eur. 1827 


pectinatus 37 


. Violet 7 


, H. A 


11 Arabia 18<4 


proliferus 3S 


. Yellow 7 


,H. A 


1 Egypt 1683 


pyrenalcus 39 


. Purple 7 


, H. Her. P 


1 S.Francel8"l9 


rotatus 40 . 


. Pink . 7 


, H. A 


11 Iberia . 1823 


mpestris 41 . 


. Pink . 7 


, H. Her. P 


1 CaucasuslS24 


rutsefblius 42 


. Scarlet 7 


, H. Her. P 


1 Sicily . 1804 


saxatilis 43 . 


. Pink . 7 


,H. A 


1 Spain . 1827 


Scdpolii 44 . 


. Straw 7 


, H. Her. P 


2 S. Eur. 1818 


setiferus 45 . 


. White 7 


, H. Her. P 


2 S.Franco 1826 


sfculus 46 . 


. Pink . 7 


, H. A 


1 Sicily . 1783 


silenif blius 47 


. Bed . 7 


, H. Her. P 


11 HungarylS26 


simplex 4S . 


.White 7 


, H. A 


2 S. Eur. 1820 


stellatus 49 . 


. Blue . 7 


, H. A 


11 Spain . 1696 


tomentbsus 50 


. Blue . 7 


, H. Her. P 


11 Spain . 1827 


ucranicus 51 


. Lt.yel. ' 


, H. Her. P 


1 Ukraine 1795 


urceolatus 52 


. YeUow 7 


, H. Her. P 


3 Barbary 1804 


Webbianus 53 


. White 7 


, H. Her. P 


J Mt. Ida 1818 



■AsTERtfuiTON, Link. Aster, a star, and linum, 
flax. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Primulaceai. 
See LysimdcMa. 

Aster6ma, Decandolle. Supposed to be named 
from aster, on account of their resemblance to 
a star. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Uredinaaece. 
The substances referred to this genus are 
merely cobweb-like lines, discernible upon the 
leaves of elm, ash, and sometimes apple-trees. 
—Alchemillce, Frdxini, Padi, PrwrUllas, Pyri, 
reticulata, tSlrrd. 

Aster<5phora, Dittmar. Named from aster, a 
star, and phoreo to bear. Linn. 24, Or. 9, 
Nat. Or. Botrytdtceoe. This curious production 
is said to be peculiar to rotten mushrooms— 
lycoperdoldes. 

Aster&thejx, Decandolle. From aster, a 
star, and fhrix, hair. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Asteracece. See Apargia. 

AsTEROTRfcHiON, LindUy. Linn. 16, Or. 8, 
Nat. Or. Malvdace. Synonyme .- 1, Plagidnthus 
sidoldes — sidoides 1. 

Astilbe, Hamilton. From a, privative, and 



stilbe, brightness ; plants opaque. Linn. 10, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Saxifragacece. This genus is 
ornamental, attaining six feet in height ; it 
grows best in open peat, and is multiplied by 
divisions. Synonyms : 1, Tiartlla Mternata. 
decandra, 1 White . 6, H. Her. P. Carolina . 1812 
rubra . . Eose . . 8, H. Her. P. 6 Bengal . 1856 



Astiria. See Asttfria. 

Astragalus, Linnasus., From astragalos, ver- 
tebra, or talus, the seeds being squeezed into 
a squarish form in some of the species. It is 
also a name given by the Greeks to one of 
their leguminous plants. Linn. 17, Or. 4, 
Nat. Or. Fabaceoe. This genus is extensive, 
and the species are many of them very hand- 
some, and well suited for the flower-garden ; 
the herbaceous kinds merely require planting 
in the open air ; the annual kinds sowing 
where they are to flower. A. lotoides is the 
handsomest, and should be sown in a mode- 
rately-heating hotbed, and planted out in the 
borders when sufficiently strong. Synonymes : 
1, A. carnbsus ; 2, A. macrorhlzus ; 3, A. 
virescens ; 4, A . malacophtjllus ; 5, Phaca 
vesiearia ; 6, A. tragacanthddes ; 7, A. tenui- 
fdlius : 8, A. sinicus ; 9, A. mieranthus ; 

•- ■ ■ ' "•'-"■ 12, 

Oxy- 



10, Phaca triangularis; 11, A. 

A. 

tropis, Phaca, and Sophhra. 

acutifblius 
adsurgens 

prostratus 
aduncus . 
Eegiceras 
alopecias 



. Purple 7, 
. Purple 7, 
. Purple 7, 
. Pa.yel. 7, 
. Yellow 6 : 
alopecuroldes . Lt.yel. 7 ; 
Ammodytes . White 7, 
annularis . Purple 7. 

arenarius . . Blue 
aristatus . . . Purple 7. 
. Pa.yel. 7, 
. Pa.blu, " 
. Pa.yel. 7 
. Yellow 8 
. Purple 7, 
. Purple 7. 
. Yellow 7.. 
. Purple 7, 
. Pa.yel. " 



austrlacus . 
b&tieus . . 
baicaleifsis . 
bayonensis . 
brachy carpus 
brachyceras . 
brevifl&rus . 
buceras . 



buchtormensis . Yellow G. 



calycinus 
canadensis . 
canaliculars 
caprmus . . 
capitatus 
carolinianus 
caryocarpus 1 
cauc&sicus . 
chinensis . . 
chlorostachys . 
christianus . . 
Cicer . . . . 
contortupli- 1 
catus . . J 
cruciatus . . 
eymbsecarpus . 
dahttricus . . 
dasyanthus . . 
dasygl6ttis . . 
demidatus . . 



Yellow 
. Pa.yel. 
. White 
. Pa.yel. 
. Pa.yel. 7, 
. Gr.yel. 7. 
. Purple 7. 
. White ~ 
. Pa.yel. 7. 
. Gr.yel. 9. 
. Pa.yel. " 
. Yellow 71 



diffusus 
Bonianus 2 . 
echinus . . 
emarginabus 

epiglottis . 



Pa.yel. 7, 

Violet 
White 
Purple 
Purple 
Purple 
Purple 
Pa.yel. 
Pa.yel. 
Purple 
Purple 
Pa.yel. 
Pa.yel. 



H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Be. Tr. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Tr. A. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Tr. A. 
H. De Tr. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Tr. A. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. De. Tr. 
H. A. 

F. Bv. S. 
H. Tr. A. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 



i Switzerl. 1826 
J Siberia 1820 
I Siberia 

I Caucus. 



1818 
1S19 
1818 
1800 
1737 
1S20 
1S00 



3 Siberia 

2 Spain . 
£ Siberia 

14 Egypt . 

1 Germanyl798 

1 Pyreneesl791 

3 Astracanl796 
i Austria 1640 

1 S. Bur. 1759 
£ Siberia 1830 
£ France 1816 

1J Caucas. 1820 
i Tauria . 1828 
I Armenia 1826 

1 . 1818 

i Siberia 1S18 

1 Caucas . 1819 
H. Her. P. U N.Amer. 1732 
H. A. 2 . 1816 

1 Barbary 1683 

I Levant . 1759 

II N.Amer. 1732 
1 Spain . 1800 

1 Caucas. 1824 
1 China . 1795 



H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. B. 
H.Bv. S. 
G. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Tr. A. 

H. Tr. A. 



Nepal . 1824 
Armenia 1737 
Europe 1570 

Siberia 1764 



H. Tr. A. 
H. Tr. A. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. De. Tr. 
H. Her. P. 
H. De. Tr. 
H. Her. P. 
H. De. Tr. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. De. Tr. 



11 . 1820 

1 Spain . 1800 
1 Damiria 1822 
1 HungarylS19 

J Siberia 1818 
1 

1 Europe 

1 Caspia 

1 Nepal 



1772 
1820 
1S12 



S.Eur. 
i S. Eur. 



1825 
17S7 



AST 



58 



AST 



. i HungarylS27 
. 3 Siberia. 
. H Algiers 1816 
. 1J Siberia 1804 
. 2 Siberia 1729 
. i Spain . 1596 
. 1 Iberia . 1818 
. 3 Brit. ,ch. woo. 
. 1 N. Amer.1821 
. J Armenia 1S06 
. 1 Spain . 1683 
. i S. Bur. . 1820 
. 3 Russia . 1835 
. i Brit. Sa. he. 
. i Gardens. 
. | Montpel. 1759 
. 1 Mendoza 1827 
. 1J Siberia 1832 
■ i Egypt . 1791 
. 1 Siberia 1814 
. $ Austria 1816 
. |Barbary 1811 
. i . 1776 

. 1 Siberia 1780 
, ^Tartary 1806 

J China . 1763 
. 1 Cauoas . 1831 

i Egypt . 1817 

. 3 America. 

. 3 Siberia 1785 

. 1 . 1800 

1 Siberia 1773 

1 France 1710 

. 1 S. Europe. 

3 S. Bur. 3789 
. i Siberia 1826 

i America 1820 

2 S. Eur. 1820 
. 1 Iberia . 1819 

1£ Austria 1640 
1 Altai . 1817 
1 Tauria 1817 
i Caspia 1818 
1 Siberia, 
i Spain . 1739 
| Siberia 1759 

1 Siberia 1824 

2 Tauria 1820 
Levant 1640 

J Chile . If32 
|S. Prance 1820 
^ Mexico 1818 
i Iberia . 1828 
H Siberia 1S04 
1 S. Eur. 1616 
1 Spain . 1816 
1 Siberia 1832 
1 Nepal . 1822 
i S.Eur. 1836 
1 - Armenia 1831 
i S. Eur. 1658 
1 Siberia 1820 
1 N.Amer. 1827 

4 Siberia 1785 
I Tauria . 1826 
J Tauria . 1818 

3 Egypt . 1800 
1 S. Eur. 1640 

1 . 1818 
i Egypt . 1817 
i Egypt . 1730 
£ S. Eur. 1816 
i Egypt . 1816 

2 Siberia 1752 
1 Russia 1818 
I Europe 1737 
i Siberia 1816 

3 Siberia 1806 
2 Caucas. 1815 



AsTRANTHUS, Loureiro. From astron, a star, 
and anthos, a flower ; segments radiating in a 
star-like manner. Linn. 8, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Homaliaeece. This species is curious, it grows 



exscapus 


. Yellow 7 


H. Her. P. 


falcatus 3 


. Gr.yel. 7 


H. Her. P. 


falciformis 


. Pa.yel. 7 


H. Her. P. 


fruticdsus . 


. Violet 7 


H.De. S. 


galegifbrmis 4 


. Yel.gr. 6 


H. Her. P. 


Glaux . . . 


. Purple 7 


H. Tr. A. 


glycyphylloldes Pa.yel. 7 


H. De. Tr. 


glycyphyllus 


. Yel.gr. 7 


H. De. Tr. 


gracilis . . 


. Purple 6 


H. Her. P. 


Halicacabus 


. Pa.yel. 5 


H. Her. P. 


hamosus . . 


. Pa.yel. 7 


H. De. Tr. 


macrocarpus 


. Pa.yel. 6 


H. De. Tr. 


hymenocarpus 


. Yellow 7 


H. Her. P. 


hypogldttzs . 


. Purple 7 


H. De. Tr. 


albus . . 


.White, 6 


H. De. Tr. 


incanus . . 


. Purple 7 


H. Her. P. 


innatus . 


. Purple 7 


H. Her. P. 


lactinorus 


. Striped 6 


H. Her. P. 


lanfgerus 6 


. Yellow 6 


H. Her. P. 


Laxmanni . 


. Purple 8 


H. De. Tr. 


leontlnus 


. Blue . 7 


H. De. Tr. 


leptophyllus 


. White 7 


H. Her. P. 


leucophjeus . 


. W. yel. 7 


H. De. Tr. 


lmearif olius 7 


. Purple 7 


H. Her. P. 


longiflbrus . 


. Yellow 7 


H. Her. P. 


lotoldes 8 


. Red . 8 


H. Tr. A. 


macrocephalus 


Yellow 6 


H. De. Tr. 


mareoticus . 


. Lilac . 7 


H. Tr. A. 


maximus 


Yellow 6 


H. Her. P. 


melilotoldes 


Purple 6 


H. Her. P. 


micranthus . 


Pa. yel. 7 


H. Her. P. 


microphallus 


. Yellow 6 


H. Her. P. 


monspessu- 
lanus . . , 


Purple 7 


H. Ev. Tr. 


albus . . 


White 7 


H. Ev. Tr. 


narbonensis 


Pa.yel. 7 


H. Her. P. 


noglectus 


Yellow 7 


H. Her. P. 


Nuttallianus 9 


. Blue . 7 


H. Tr. A. 


odoratus . . 


Pa. yel. 7 


H. Her. P. 


onobrycbioldes Purple 7 


H. Her. P. 


Onobryehis . 


Purple 7 


H. De. Tr. 


otopterus 


Pa. bl. 7 


H. Her. P. 


oxygl6ttis 


Blue . 7 


H. Tr. A. 


Pahasii . . 


Purple 7 


H. Her. P. 


palldscens . 


Pa. yel. 6 


H. Her. P. 


pentagl6ttis . 


Purple 7 


H. Tr. A. 


physodes 


Purple 7 


H. Her. P. 


platyphyllus 


Pa.yel. 7 


H. De. Tr. 


p6nticus . . 


Pa.yel. 7 


H. Her. P. 


Poterium 


White 7 


H. Ev. S. 


procumbens 


Yel. bl. 5 


P. Her. P. 


purpureus . 


Purple 7 


H. De. Tr. 


reptans . . 


White 7 


G. Ev. Cr. 


reticularis . 


Blue . 7 


H. A. 


semibilocularis 


Pa. yel. 7 


H. Her. P. 


sesameus 


Pa. ML 7 


H. Tr. A. 


scorpioldes . 


Pa. bl. 7 


H. A. 


Scbanginianus 


Blue H. Her. P. 


stipulatus . 


Yellow 6 H. Her. P. 


Btrobiliferua 


Purple 6, H. Her. P. 


sylvicolus . 


Purple H. De. Tr. 


Stella . . . 


Blue . 7, H. De. Tr. 


subulatus . 


Purple 7, H. Her. P. 


succulehtus 


Purple 7, H. Her. P. 


sulcatus . . 


Lt. bl. 7, H. Her. P. 


tauricus . 


Purple 7, H. Her. P. 


testiculatus . 


Fls. w. 7, H. Her. P. 


tomentosus . 


Pa.yel. 7, H. Her. P. 


Tragacantha 


Pa.yel. 7, H. Ev. S. 


triangularis 10 


Pa.yel. 7, H. A. 


tribuloldes . 


Purple 7, H. Tr. A. 


trinie'stris . 


Pa.yeL 7, H. Tr. A. 


trim&rphus . 


Purple 7, H. Tr. A. 


tumidus . . 


Pa.yel. 7, H. Ev. S. 


uligin&sus . 


Pa.yel. 7, H. Her. P. 


utrlger . . 


Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 


vesicarius 11 


W. yel. 7, H. De. Tr. 


vimineus 


Purple 7, H. Her. P. 


virgatus . . 


. Violet 7, H. De. S. 


vulpinus 12 . 


Lt.yel. 7 


H. Her. P. 



about four feet high, and will succeed in any 
rich soil ; cuttings in sand strike freely, 
cochin-chinensis White . 7, G. Ev. S. 4 China . 1823 

ASTRANTIA, Linnaeus. From astron, a star, and 
anti, comparison ; in reference to the appear- 
ance of the umbels of flowers. Linn. 5, Or. 
2, Nat. Or. Apittcece, This "is a pretty genus ; 
the plants grow from half a foot to two feet 
high, and succeed well in the flower-border. 
A. minor requires to be grown in pots, and 
protected in a pit or frame in winter ; in- 
creased by seeds. Synonymes: 1, A. inter- 
media; 2, A. hellelorifblia, luteroplifflla. See 
D6ndia. 

earniolica. Striped . 6, H. Hor. P. 1 Carniola 1812 
caucasica 1 Pink . . 7, H. Her. P. J Caucasus 1818 
major . . Striped . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Alp. Eur. 1596 
maxima 2. Pink . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Caucasus 1804 
minor . . Pink . . 6, H. Her. P. i Switzerl. 1686 
pauciflbra . White . 7, H. Her. P. £ Sicily . . 1S20 

AsTRAPjfeA, Lindley. Named from astrape, 
lightning, bright colour of the flowers. Linn. 
16, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Sterculiacece. These are 
splendid plants, especially A. Wallichii, which 
may be considered one of the finest plants 
that ever was introduced ; when loaded with 
its magnificent flowers, we think nothing can 
exceed its grandeur ; there are other species 
in the collections about London, but we have 
not yet seen their flowers ; they grow freely 
in any rich soil, or a mixture of loam and 
peat suits them very well ; young cuttings 
planted in mould, and placed under a hand 
glass in heat, will soon strike root. 
nymes: 1, Ddmbeya rndllis. See Dombeya. 
mollis 1. . Pink . 3, S. Ev. T. 20 Mauritius . 1820 
tiliarfolia . Pink . 6, 8. Ev. T. 20 Bourbon . 1824 
viscdsa. . Pink . 4, S. Ev. T. 15 Madagascar 1823 
Wallichii . Pink . 7, S. Ev. T. 25 Madagascar 1820 

Astrocaryum, Meyer. From astron, a 
star, a karyon, nut ; in allusion to the fruit. 
Linn. 21, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Palm&cece. A genus 
of very ornamental trees, attaining the height 
of from ten to forty feet, thriving best in 
rich loamy soil, and increasing plentifully from 
seeds. Synonymes: 1. A. Ayri. 
acaale . . . White 7, S. Palm. 10 Brazil . . 1820 
aculeatum White 6, S. Palm. 80 Guinea . 1824 
campestre . White 8, S. Palm. 10 Brazil . . 1826 
Murumhru . White 7, S. Palm. 40 Brazil . . 1825 
rostratum 1 . White 10, S. Palm. 30 Brazil . . 1854 
Tuciima . White 8, S. Palm. 20 Amazon . 1840 

vulgare . White 10, 8. Palm. SO Brazil . 1825 

Astrol6bium, Decandolle. From astron, «. 
star, and lotos, a pod ; in reference to the dis- 
position of the pods. Linn. 14, Or. 4, Nat. 
Or. Fabacece. Very pretty dwarf annuals, 
with an abundance of yellow flowers ; they 
grow freely in any soil, and ripen abundance 
of seed, by which they may be multiplied. 
Synonymes : 1, Ornlthopus durus ; 2, 0. ebrac- 
teatus ; 3, 0. repandus; 4. 0. scorpioldes. 
durum 1 . . Yellow 7, H. 
ebracteatum 2 Yellow 7, H. 
repandum 3 . Yellow 7, H. 
scorpioldes 4 . Yellow 7, H. 

Astrol6ma, Robert Brown. 
star, and loma, a fringe 
corolla being bearded. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. EpacridAcece. This most beautiful genus 



A. J Spain . , 1816 
A. i S. Eur. . 1700 
A. I Barbary . 1805 
A. i S. Eur. . 1506 
From astron, a 
the limb of the 



AST 



59 



ATH 



should be in every collection ; they make little 
bushes about a foot high, and thrive best in 
sandy loam and peat mixed, with the pots 
well drained, arid the plants cautiously 
watered ; cuttings root in sand under a glass, 
denticulatum . Pa. rd. 7, G. Bv. S. 1 N. Holl. . 1824 
humifusum . Scarlet 7, G. Bv. S. 1 N. S. W. . 1807 

Astk<5phytum. See Echinocdctus. 

Astrosp6eium, Kimze. From aster, a star, and 
spora, a sporule, alluding to the form of the 
sporules. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Uredi- 
rmcece. A minute curious black substance, 
discovered on dead beech branches — Hoff- 
mdnni. 

AsteoteIche. From astron, a star, and thrix, 
hair, in allusion to the calyx. Linn. 5, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Apiacece. Evergreen shrubs, grow- 
ing freely in sandy loam and peat, and easily 
increased by cuttings planted in sand under a 
glass. Synonymes: 1, Bolax floccdldes. 
floccdsa 1 . . "White . 5, G. Ev. S. 1 N. Holl. . 1825 
ledifdlia . . . White . 5, G. Ev. S. 1 N. Holl. . 1830 

Astyeia, Lindley. From a, privative, and 
sleiras, sterile ; in allusion to the want of 
sterile stamens. Linn. 16, Or. 5, Nat. Or. 
Byttneriacecs. A rather interesting stove plant, 
with fine broad heart-shaped leaves, and close 
clusters of pink flowers. For culture, refer to 
Rulzia. 
rbsea • . . Pink . 5, S. Bv. S. 4 Mauritius . 1843 

Asystasia, Endl. Derivation unknown. Linn. 
14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Acanthacece. Indian plants 
requiring stove heat, and light soil, with 
treatment, like the various species of Ruellia. 
Synonymes: 1, Ruillia coromandeliana, R. se- 
c&nda, R. intritsa, R. obliqua, Jusllcia gangl- 
tica; 2, Henfreya scdndens, Asystasia quaterna, 
Rutilia quaUrna. 

coromandeliana 1 Purple . 9, S. Bv. 8. 4 India . 1845 
scftndens 2 -. Cream pk.7, S. Cli. S. 6 Africa 1S43 

Ataccia, Kth. Malay name. Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Taccaccoz, Perennials resembling 
the Tacca in habit, growing freely in any light 
soil, and increased by division. Synonymes : 
1, T. integrifilia ; 2, Tacca cristata, T. Raffles- 
iana. See Tacca. 

Sspera 1 . . Dk. pur. 5, S. Bv. P. 1$ B. Indies 1810 
cristata 2 . Dk. pur. 5, S. Bv. P. lj B. Indies 1840 

Atalanthus, D. Don. From atalos, soft, and 
antkos, a flower ; in -reference to the softness 
of the flowers. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Asteracem. These are species of little beauty, 
and easy cultivation — arb6reus, pinnatus, spi- 
ndsus. 

Atalantia, Correct.. The fruit of this shrub is 
of a golden yellow colour, whence the name 
from Atalanta the daughter of Schcenus ; so 
swift that she promised to marry him who 
outran her, and by casting three golden apples 
in her way, she was overtaken by Hippomenes. 
Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Awantiaccce. This 
species is ornamental, and attains about four 
feet in height ; it succeeds in any rich soil, 
and increases freely from cuttings in sand under 
a glass in heat. Synonyme : 1, Limbnium 
monophtfllum. 
monoph^lla 1 . White 7, S. Ev. S. 4 B. Indies . 1777 



Atamasco-lily, see Zephyrantlws A tamdsco. 

Atblandea. Derivation unknown. Linn. 1 4, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lamiaceat. A pretty shrubby 
plant requiring a compost of loam and peat, 
and propagated by cuttings, 
incana . . . Slate 6, . G. Ev. 8. 2 Swan River. 

Athamanta, Koch. Some of the species are 
found upon Mount Athamas in Sicily ; whence 
the name. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Apiacece. 
These are chiefly weeds of very easy culture. 
Synonymes: 1, Lig&sticum Cervaria. 2, Cd- 
chrys panacifilia. See Bubon, Cnidiwm, Li- 
g&sticmn, Sellnum, and Siseli. 
condensata . . White . 8, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia 1773 
maced6nica . White . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Greece . 1596 
Matthidli . . White . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Carniola 1802 
tortudsa . . White . 7, F. Her. P. 1 S. Eu. . 1326 

dnnua, carvifdlia, Cervaria 1, crettnsis, in- 
, cana, lasidntha, libanitis, panacifblia 2, sibi- 

rica, sUula, stricta. 
AthanASIA, Cassini. From a, privative, and 
thanatos, death ; in allusion to the length of 
time the flowers last. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Asteracew. This is a genus of Cape plants, 
growing from half a foot to two feet high ; 
some of them are very pretty, and all succeed 
well in loamy soil, and increase from cuttings 
in sand under a glass. Synonyme : 1, A. lanu- 
gindsa. See Ldnas and Relhania. 
canescens 1 Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 3 C. G. H. . 1S20 
capitata . . Yellow . 3, G. Ev. S. 1J C. G. H. . 1774 
crenata . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1816 
crithmifaUa Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1723 
cuneifdlia . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 2J C. G. H. . 1816 
dentate . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. H C. G. H. . 1759 
filif5i-mis . . Yellow . 8, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1787 
longifblia . Yellow . 7, G. Ev, S. 2 C. G. H. . 1800 
parvifl&ra . Yellow . i, G. Ev. S. 2} C. G. H. . 1731 
iectinata . Yellow . 7, G. Bv. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1774 
pinnata . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8 2 C. G. H. . 1818 
pubesoens . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 6 C. G. H. . Jf6S 
punctata . . Yellow . 6, G. Bv. S. 3 C. G. H. .TS22 
tomentosa . Yellow . 5, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1774 
tricuspis . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 3 C. G. H. . 1816 
trifurcata . Yellow . 7, G. Bv. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1710 
virgata . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 14 C. G. H. . 1815 

Atherop6gon, Willdenow. From other, awn, 
and pocjon, a beard ; on account of the awns 
being bearded. Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Graminaccce. This is a species of very pretty 
grass ; the cultivation and increase is the same 
as other grasses. Synonyme: 1. Chldris curti- 
pindula, Dinttbra mrtipindula. 
aphidoldes 1 . Apetal . 8, H. Grass J S. Eur. . 1768 

Atheeospeema, Labillardih-e. From other, 
awn, sperma, seed ; the seeds being furnished 
with awns. Linn. 21, Or. 8, Nat. Or. Athero- 
spermacece. An ornamental tree, attaining 
the height of twenty-two feet ; it grows in 
loam and peat, and may be increased from 
cuttings, 
moschata . White . 6, G. Bv. T. 22 ST. Holl. . 1824 

ATHEEOSPEEMACEiE. A small order nearly re- 
lated to Lauracece, and possessing similar aro- 
matic properties. 

ATHEfxiA, Ker. From a, privative, and thrix, 
hair ; the receptacle being without . hairs. 
Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asteracece. This 
is a rather low, ornamental Cape shrub, sue- 



ATH 



CO 



AUG 



ceeding in a loamy soil, and increased from 

cuttings. 

capensis . . Red . 4, G. Bv. S. 3 C. G. H. . 1S2I 

AthiJrium, Roth. Derivation unknown. Linn. 
24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Polypodiacem. F.or cul- 
ture, &c. , refer to Asplemum. Synonyrnes : 
1, AUantbdia spectdbilis, Asplbnium spectdbile ; 
Allantddia inclsa, Asplinium incisum; 2, As- 
j&dium filix-ftiemina, Tar. irriguum, 
incisum 1 . Yellow 7, S. Her. P. 2 East Indies, 
irriguum 2 . Brown 6, H. Her. P. 2 Brit., woods. 

At&cion. See Silene. 

Atract6bolus, Tods. The bladder which con- 
tains the sporules is fusiform, and is ejected 
from the base of the capsule as soon as the 
operculum is thrown off ; whence the name, 
from atraktos, a spindle, and boleo, to eject. 
Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Lycoperdacecs. 
Merely a white powdery substance found on 
wood, stones, &c. — ubiquiiarius. 

Atractylis, Linnwus. The stems are light, 
and fit to make spindles ; whence the name is 
derived from atraktos, a spindle. Linn. 19, 
Or. 1 , Nat. Or. Asteracece. This species is fit 
only for general collections ; culture and pro- 
pagation easy. — hvimilis. See Acarna. 

Atragene, Lirmceus. A name giveu to a spe- 
cies of Clematis by Theophrastus. Linn. 13, 
Or. 6, Nat. Or. Ranuneulacece. This is a valu- 
able and handsome genus of climbing plants, 
well adapted for training like Clematis, over 
bowers, trellis-work, and places where climb- 
ing plants are desirable ; they grow in any 
common soil, and young plants may be obtained 
from cuttings under a glass, or by layers. 
Seeds are sometimes produced, which should 
be sown in pans, and potted off. Synonyrnes : 
jL Clematis verlieillclris ; 2, Atrdgene alpina, 
Clematis alpina.; 3, Clematis occidentdlis ; 4, 
C. ochotinsis ; 5, 0. sibirica. See Naravblia. 

americana 1 . Pur. . 6, H. De. CI. 15 5f. Amer. 1797 

obllqua . . Pur. . 6, H. De. CI. 12 N. Amer. 1797 

austrlaca 2 . Br. yl. 7, H. De. CI. 8 Austria . 1792 

niacrope"tala . Pur. . 7, H. De. CI. 10 Russia . 1831 

occidentalis S . Br.wh. 7, H. De. CI. 10 . . 1818 

ochotinsis 4 . Wht. . 6, H. De. CI. 12 Siberia . 1818 

sibirica 5 . . W. yel. 7, H. De. CI. 12 Siberia . 1753 

Atraphaxis, Linna;us. Derived from a, pri- 
vative, and trepho, to nourish. Plants yield- 
ing no nourishment ; a name given by the 
Greeks to the Atriplex of the Latins. Linn. 
6, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Polygon&cece. The species 
of this genus are curious ; they grow about 
two feet high, and thrive in a loamy soil, and 
increase from layers. 

spinosa . . . Apetal . 8, P. Bv. S. 2 Levant . 1732 
undulata . . Apetal . 6, F. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 1732 

Atriplex, Linnaeus. From ater, black ; or, 
perhaps, the same as Atraphdxis. Linn. 23, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Chenopodiacem. These are 
straggling plants of little beauty, and the sim- 
plest culture and propagation. Synonyrnes : 
1, A. nltens : 2, A. rosea; 3, A. tatdrica; 4, 
CalUgbnum caniscens ; 5, A. prostrata ; 6, A. 
pdtula; 7, A. hastata; 8, A. inctsa ; 9, Oblone 
sibirica. See Dibtis. 
HaTimus . .. Green . 7, H. Ev. S. 5 Spain . . 1640 



hortensis . . Green 
rubra . . . Green 
portulacoldes . Green . 6 

acumin&ta 1, dlba 2, 



7, H. A. 5 Tartary . 1548 
7, H. A. 5 Tartary . 1548 
6, H. Ev. S. 2 Biitain.Mud S. 

albicans, angustifblia, 



camphtris 3, caniscens 4, decumbens, deltoidea 
5, diffusa, erecta, glauca, hastata 6, mcana 
lacinidta, linifblia, littordlis, microspirma, 
montevidinsis, oblongifolia, obtusata, parvifolia, 
pdtula 7, pcdunculata, prosPrata, reniformis, 
rdsea 8, sibirica 9, sulcata, tatdrica, triangularis, 
venata, verticillata, virgata. 
Atroclinium. See Acrocllnium. < 

Atropa, Linnaeus. In allusion to the very 
poisonous fruit ; from Atropos, one of the 
Fates, whose duty it was to cut the thread of 
human life. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Sola- 
nc\ceas. Both poisonous species, only fit for 
botanical collections. The leaves of A. Bella- 
donna are narcotic and exciting. Synonyrnes : 
1, Hebecladus bifldrus. See Mandrdgora, Ni- 
cdndra, Phfisalis and Sdracha. 
acuminata . Dullyl. 6, H. Her. P. 4 
arborescens . White .7, G. Ev. S. 12 
Bellad6nna. . Violet 6, H. Her. P. 4 
bifl6ral . . Gr. pur. 7, S. Ev. S. 2 

Attalea, Humboldt. Derived from attalus, 
magnificent ; in allusion to the beauty of the 
trees. Linn. 21, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Palmacece. 
A fine genus of "ornamental Palm trees, attain- 
ing the height of from ten to seventy feet ; 
they thrive in any rich soil, and increase from 
seeds, 
compta 



Himalys. 1845 
Jamaica 1733 
Britain. Rub. 
Peru . . 1844 



excelsa 
funffera 1 . 
humilis 
Rossii . . 



. Str. 5, 
. Str. 5, 
. Str. 5, 
. Str. 5, 
. Str. 5, 



spectdbilis 



Brazil 


. 1826 


Brazil 


. 1824 


Brazil 


. 1820 


Brazil 


. 1825 


Brazil 


. 1826 


Brazil 


.1824 



1, Obcos lapldea. 
S. Palm. 10 ~ 
S. Palm. 100 
S. Palm. 30 
S. Palm. 6 
S. Palm. 
Str. 5, S. Palm. 50 
. Str. 5, S. Palm. 15 

Attar of roses. A highly fragrant essential 
oil obtained by distillation from the petals of 
R. moschata and damascena and in small 
quantities from other roses. 

aSuItId, I ta ™ § raduall y to a p ^- 

Aubergines, or Egg plants. See Solanum Me- 
longena. 

Aubrietia, Adanson. In honour of M. Au- 
briet, a famous French botanical draughtsman. 
Linn. 15, Nat. Or. Brassicacece. These are 
very ornamental either in the flower garden or 
on rock-work, as they produce their purple 
flowers for such a length of time : they delight 
in an open dry situation, and are multiplied by 
dividing the roots, or cuttings, under a glass. 
Synonyrnes: 1, Farsetia deltoidea, Aljjssum 
deltoideum ; 2, Draba hesperidiflbra ; 3, Arafiis 
purpurea. 

deltoidea 1 . . Purple 4, H. Ev. Tr. \ Levant . 1710 
hesperidiflora 2 Purple 3, H. Ev. Tr. \ S. Europe 1823 
purpurea 3 . . Purple 4, H. Ev. Tr. I Greece . 1820 
Mooreana . . Blue 4, H. Ev. Tr. J 

Aucuba, ICcsmpfer. The name of the shrub in 
Japan. Linn. 21, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Cornacew. 
Fine hardy shrubs, and one kind with beau- 
tiful blotched leaves is generally admired, 
particularly as it is clothed with leaves all the 
year ; it is proper for standing singly on a 
small grass-plot, or in clumps amongst other 
shrubs in a conspicuous place. Cuttings root 



AUG 



61 



AYE 



readily under hand-glasses, in the common 

garden soil. 

jap6nica . . Apetal 6, H, Bv. S. 6 Japan . . 1783 

f&mina . . Apetal 6, H. Ev. S. 6 Japau. 

limbata . . . Apotal 8, H. Ev. S. 6 

picturata . . Apotal 6, H. Ev. S. 6 

himalalca . . Apotal 6, H. Ev. S. 6 Himalaya. 

AucupArius, having a tendency to attract 
birds. 

Audibertia, Bentham. In honour of M. Audi- 
bert, of Tarascon, a celebrated nurseryman. 
Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lamidcece. Interest- 
ing little plants growing about two or three 
feet high, and bearing palish blue flowers. 
They grow in any common soil, and increase 
from seeds. Synonymes: 1, Salvia carnbsa, 
inedna ; 2, Sdlvia polystdchya. See Mentha. 

incana .... Pa. bl. 8, H. Ev. S. 2 Colomb. 1827 
polystechya 2 White 2, G.Her. P. 3 Califom. 1849 

Audouinia, Brongniart. In honour of V. Au- 
douin, a profound entomologist and friend of 
Brongniart. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Bru- 
nidcece. An ornamental genus ; for culture, 
&c, see the genus Bibsma. Synonyme: 1, 
Bibsma capitdta. 
capltata . . Purple 6, G. Ev. S. 1£ C. G. H. . 17^0 

Augusta. See Stiflia. 

AUGUSTUS, grand, stately, magnificent. 

At/LAX, Bergius. Named from aulax, a furrow ; 
the under side of the leaves of the original 
species being furrowed. Linn. 22, Or. 4, Nat. 
Or. Prote&cece. This is a pretty genus : the 
species attain from one to two feet high and 
bear yellow flowers ; they succeed best in a 
very sandy loam, with a good drainage ; ripened 
cuttings taken off at a joint, and planted in a 
pot of sand, will strike root readily uuder a 
hand-glass. 

pinifolia . . Yellow 8, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1780 
umbeMta Yellow 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1774 

AURANTIACE.&. The orange family. An order 
of considerable celebrity on account of the 
excellent fruit borne by many of the species. " 

Aurantium. See Citrus. 

AtmfcOMUS, a head or tuft like hair, of a golden 
colour. 

AuRfcuLA. See Primula._ 

AurIcula JUD.2E. See EnAdia. 

AuriculAria. See Mentha and TlnUpliora. 

Auriculate, ~) 

AuriculAted, > having ear-like appendages. 

Auricled, 3 

Auriculately-sAgittate, eared at the base, 
so as to give the leaf the appearance of the 
head of an arrow. 

AuriculAtely stem-clasping, having auricles 
at the base of the leaves, clasping the stem. 

Austrian oak. See Quircus. 

Avena, Linnceus. A name of obscure origin, 
supposed to be from the Celtic aten, from etan, 
to eat ; whence our word oat has been ob- 
tained. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Gramindcece. 
The species of this genus are easy of culti- 
vation, and uninteresting in point of beauty. 
See ArrhenatHrum, Banthdnia, Gaudinia, Tri- 
chceta, and Triselum. 



Hilda . . , . Apetal 6, Grass. 2 

orientalis \ . Apetal 6, Grass. 3 . .1798 

pratensis . . Apetal 6, Grass. 3 Britain, pasture. 

Batlva . . . Apotal 6, Grass. 3 

leucosperma . Apetal 6, Grass. 2 

melanusp(5rma Apetal 6, Grass. 8 

storilis , . . Apetal 6, Grass. 4 Barbary , . 1643 

dlba, brevis, bromoides, fdllax, fdlua, flaviscens, 
7iirsuta, laiifolia, planiculnus, prcecox, pumila, 
semperiftrens, setdcea, versicolor. 

Avens. See Geum. 

Averrh6a, Linnceus. In honour of Averrhoes, 
of Cordova, in Spain, a celebrated physician. 
Linn. 10, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Oxalidacece. The 
species are evergreen trees, singular for the 
fruit growing frequently on the trunk itself 
below the leaves : the flowers grow in racemes ; 
the fruit is a five-celled berry. A. Bilimbi 
is a beautiful tree, with a green, fleshy, oblong 
fruit, the thickness of the finger, filled with a 
grateful acid juice ; the substance and seeds 
not unlike those of the cucumber. Both spe- 
cies form handsome plants in our stoves, grow- 
ing freely ; and ripened cuttings root readily 
in sand, under a hand-glass. 
Bilimbi . . Bed yel. . S. Ev. S. 8 E. Ind. 1791 
Carambdla . Grn. red . S. Ev. 8. 12 Ceylon 1733 

AviCENNlA, Linnceus. In honour of Avicenna, 
a celebrated Persian philosopher and physician. 
Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Myopordcece. The 
bark of A. tomentdsa is in great use at Bio 
Janeiro for tanning, but it is not worth culture 
in this countiy — tomentbsa, 

AvfcuLAR, fit for bird's meat. 

Avignon berries. See Rli&mnvx ClAsii. 

Avocado pear. See Pdrsea gratissima. 

Awl-^haped, narrow-pointed, like an awl. 

Awlwort. See Subuldria. 

Awned, terminating in an awn, or sharp point. 

Awn'edly acuminated, tapering to a point, and 
terminating in an awn. 

Awns, the beard of any thing. 
. ( literally the armpit ; in plants ap- 

& Xl / J ' \ plied to the angle formed by the 

Axilla, j un ion of the leaf and stem. 

Axil-flowering, flowering in the axils of the 
leaves. 

Axillary, placed in the axils or axilla?. 

Axis, the line, real or imaginary, that passes 
through any thing ; the axjs of a spike of 
floweTs is the stem to which the flowers are 
attached. 

AxOnopus, Beauvois. Derived from axon, axis, 
and pous, a foot ; in reference to the structure 
of the plant. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Gra- 
mindcece. Species of grass, possessing, little 
that is interesting. 
cimicrnuB . . Apotal 7, H. Grass . 1 India . 1788 



aureus, 
Axyris, Linnceus. From axyros, rough; on 

account of the leaves. Linn. 21, Or. 3, Nat. 

Or. Ohenopodidcece. The species of this genus 

are mere weeds, of the easiest culture, &c. — 

amarantholdcs, hj/brida, prostrdta. 
Ayapana of Brazil. See Eupatirium. 
Ayenia, Linnceus. In honour of the Duke 

d'Ayen, of the house of Noailles. Linn. S, 



AYE 



02 



AZA 



S. Ev. S. 2 Jamaica . 

S. B. 1 Jamaica . 1756 



Or. 1, Nat. Or. Sterculiacece. The species are 
curious, and grow from one to two feet high, 
producing purple and scarlet flowers ; they 
require rich soil, and are multiplied hy cuttings 
in sand. 

laevigata . . . Scarlet 
pustUa . Purple 

Ayer-AYer. See Ldnsium. 

AzadirAchta. See Milia. 

AzAlea, Liniueus. From azaleos, dry, arid ; 
habitation of the plant. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Eric&cem. This is a beautiful genus, uni- 
versally admired for its white, orange, purple, 
scarlet, and variegated flowers, which are in- 
variably produced in great profusion. They 
all thrive best in sandy peat or very sandy 
loam ; and cuttings taken off close to the 
plant will root in sand, under a glass placed 
in heat, or they may be multiplied from seeds, 
&c. A . indica is a greenhouse plant of great 
beauty : it should stand out in the open air in 
summer, in a partially shaded situation, and in 
the winter in a cool part of the greenhouse. 
The beautiful varieties require the same treat- 
ment. Synonyme: 1, Rhododendron Cham- 
piorue. See Rhododindron, and ChamteUdon. 
. Pur. cr. . 5, G. Ev. S. 4 China . 1850 



uraama . . 

arborescens . 

blcolor 

canesccns 

calendulacea 
chrysolecta 
cr6cea . 
ctrprea 
flammca 
fulgida . 
grandifl&ra . 



llpida 
occidentals 
Championse 1 
splendens 



Bed 
Scarlet 
Bed . 
Orange 
Yellow 
. S iffron 
Copper 
Bed . 
Or. br. 
Orange 
Red . 
Varieg. 
White 
Boso . 
Orange 



Stapleton'ana. Bosy . 



subciiprea 
tritimphans 
Crispin ora 
Danielsiana 
Farreri 
Fielderiana 
prlauca . . 
Hartnelli . 
hispida 
Indica . . 
aurantlaca 
Bealii . 
calyclna . 
ignescens 
narcissifldra 
phoenicea 



purpureo plena Purple 



rubra-plena 

striata . 

variegata 
later! tia . 
ledifolia . 
Mdrterii . 

prasstans 
myrtifolia 

ovata . . 
nitida . . 
nudifl&ra . 

alba . . 

alba-plena 

blaiida 

carnea . 

caroliniana 

Cartonii . 

Cobtirgbii 



. Copper 
. Orange 
. Crimson 
. Carmine 6 
. Bed . . 
. White . 
. White . 
. Orange . 
. White . 
. Scarlet . 
. Orange . 
. Ver. wht. 
. Purple . 
. Brown . 
. Dble.wh. 
. Purple 



. Red 
, Wht. pur. 5. 
. Striped 
. Bed . 
. White 
. Flesh 
. Copper 
, Rose . 
. Rose pur. 5. 
. White . ' 
. Scr. pink 
. White . 
. White . 0. 
. Blush 
. Pa. red 
. Scarlet 
. Purplo 
, Scarlet 



H. De. 8. 12 N. Amer. 1818 
H. De. S. 2 N.Amer. 1734 

3 N.Amer. 1812 

4 N.Amer. 1806 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N. Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 1812 
4 Hybrid gard. 
4 N.Amer. 

H. De. B. 4 N.Amer. 

H. De. S. 4 Hybrid.gard. 
4Califor. 1856 
4 China. 1854 
4 N. Amer. 
4 Hybrid. 1827 
4 Hybrid. 1827 
4 N.Amer. 
4 China. 1854 
3 China. 1830 
2 China. 1830 
2 Hybrid. 1847 
2 N.Amer. 1734 
2 N.Amer. 

H. Do. S. 12 N.Amer. 1734 

Q. Ev. S. 4 China. 1808 

G. Ev. S. 4 China. 



H. De. S. 
H. De. S. 
H. De. S. 
H. De. S. 
H. De. S. 
H. De. S. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. De. S. 



H. De. S. 
O. Ev. 8. 
H De. 8. 
H. Do. S. 
H. De. S. 
H. Do. S. 
G. Ev. S. 
H. Do. S. 
H. Ev. S. 
G. Ev. S. 
H. De. S. 
G. El'. S. 



G. Ev. 8. 8 China. 
G. Ev. S. 7 China. 



H. Ev. 8. 
G. Ev. S. 
G. Ev. S. 



3 China. 

4 China. 
8 China. 



1S22 
1854 
1850 
1850 
1854 
1824 
1819 
1844 
G. Ev. S. 4 Hybrid.gard. 
G. Ev. 8. 8 China. 1824 
G. Ev. 8. 2 China. 1833 

8 China. 1824 

4 Hybrid.gard. 

4 Hybrid, gard. 

3 China. 1849 

3 China. 1858 

4 N.Amer. 1812 

3 N.Amer. 1734 
H. De. S. 4 N.Amer. 

H. De. S. 4 N.Amer. 

4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 1734 
4 N.Amer. 
4 Hybrid.gard. 
4 N.Amer. 



G. Ev. S. 4 China. 
G. Ev. S. 4 China. 



G. Ev. S. 
H. De. S. 
H. De. S. 
G. Ev. 8. 
F. De. S. 
H. De. S. 
H. De. S. 



H. De. 8. 
H. De. 8. 
H. De. S. 
H. De. 8. 
H. Do. S. 



coccinea . 


. Scarlet . i 


, H. De. S. 


corymbdsa 


. Scarlet . £ 


, H. De. S. 


crlspa 


. Pink . . t 


, H. De. S. 


cumulata 


. Scr. pink < 


, H. De. 8. 


discolor . 


Wht. scr. 6 


, H. De. S. 


eximia . 


. Crimson t 


, H. De. S. 


fastigiata 
fldrida . 


. Pink . . E 


, H. De. S. 


. Pink . . 6 


, H. De. S. 


globbsa . 


. Pink . . f 


, H. De. S. 


glomerata 


. Pink . . t 


, H. De. 8. 


Goweriana 


. Purple . t 


, H. De. 8. 


incana . 


. Pink . . 6 


, H. De. S. 


incarnata 


. Flesh . C 


, H. De. S. 


minibilis 


. Scarlet . ( 


, H. De. 8. 


magnifica 


. Scarlet . ( 


, H. De. S. 


montana 


. Scarlet . ( 


, H.De. 8. 


pallida . 


. Pa. red . 6 


, H. De. S. 


paludbsa 


. Pa. red . 6 


H. De. S. 


papilionacea . Striped . 6 


, H. De. S. 


partita . 


. Wht. red 6 


, H. De. S. 


parvifldra 


. Wht. red 6 


H. De. S. 


prolifera 


. Wht. pk. 6 


, H. De. S. 


pumila .* 


. White . 6 


, H. De. S. 


purpurascens . Purple . 6 


, H. De. S. 


purpurea 


. Purple . 6 


, H. De. S. 


purpareo-plena Purple . 6 


, H. De. S. 


r6sea . . 


. Bed . . 6 


, H. Do. S. 


rubemma 


. Drk. red 1 


, H. De. S. 


rubescens 


. Red . . 6 


, H. De. S. 


rubicunda 


. Red . . 6 


, H. De. 8. 


rubra 


. Red . . 6 


, H. De. S. 


rilta . . 


. Bed . . 6 


, H.De. S. 


rutilans . 


. Drk. red t 


, H De. S. 


scmtillans 


. Orange . ( 


, H. De. S. 


ssmiduplex 


. White . 6 


, H. De. 8. 


staminea 


. Bed . . 6 


, H.De. S. 


stellata . 


. Red . . 6 


, H. De. S. 


thyrsiflora 


. Drk. scr. t 


, H. De. S. 


tricolor . 


. Scr. wht. 6 


, H. Do. S. 


variabilis 


. Bed . . 6 


H. Do. S. 


variegata 


. Red wht. 6 


H. De. S. 


versicolor 


. Bed wht. 6 


H.De S. 


violacea . 


. Violet . 6 


, H. De. S. 


obtusa 


. Bed . . 3 


G. Ev. S. 


ovata . . 


. Pink . . 8 


G. Ev. S. 


alba . . 


. White . 5 


H. De. S. 


p6ntica 


. Yellow . 6 


H. De. S. 


albifldra . 


. White . 5 


H. De. S. 


ardens . 


. Bed . . 5 


H. De. 8. 


Candida . 


White . 5 


H. De. 8. 


coronaria 


. Yellow . 6 


H. De. S. 


cirprea . 


. Copper . 6 


H. De. S. 


glauca . 


. Yellow . 6 


H. De. S. 


Lsetftise . 


. Or. wht. 6 


H. De. S. 


Ludovf rise 


. Or. rose t 


H. De. S. 


pallida . 


. Pa. ^yel. . 4 


H. De. S. 


tricolor . 


. Pa. red . 4 


H. De. 8. 


versicolor 


. Yel. rose 5 


H. Ev. S. 


procumbens 


. Pink . . 6 


, H. Ev. S. 


ramentacea 


White . 4 


H. De. S. 


Siebdldtii. 


White . 4 


H. De. 8. 


sinensis , 
speci&sa . 


. Yellow . 5 


G. Ev. S. 


. Scarlet . 6 


H. De. S. 


acutifdlia 


. Scarlet . 6 


H. De. S. 


aurantia 


. Orange . 6 


H. De. S. 


ciliata . 


. Or. red . 6 


H. De. 8. 


crlspa . 


. Scarlet . 6 


H. De. 8. 


cucullata 


. Or. red . 6, 


H. Do. S. 


major . 


. Scarlet . 6, 


H. De. S. 


obllqua . 


. Red . . 6 


H. De. 8. 


prunifblia 


. Bed . . 6 


H. De. 8. 


revolilta 


. Red . . 6 


H. De. S. 


tortulifdlia 


. Red . . 6 


H. De. S. 


undulata 


. Red . . 6 


H. De. S. 


squamata 


. Rose cr. 3, 


G. De. S. 


viscdsa . 


. White . 7 


H. Do S. 


crispa . 
dealbata 


. White . 7 


H. De. 8. 


. White . 7, 


H. De. S. 


fissa . . 


. White . 7, 


H. De. S. 


odorata . 


White . 7, 


H. De. S. 


penicillata 


. White . 7, 


H. De. S. 


pubescens 


. White . 7, 


H. De. 8. 


rubescens 


White . 7, 


H. De. S. 


variegata 


. White . 7, 


H. De. S. 


vittata . . 


Whito . 7, 


H. De. 8. 



4 N. Amor. 
4 N\Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N. Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 Hybrid. 1839 
4 N. Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N. Amer. 
4 N. Amer. 
4 Hybrid. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N/Amer. 
4 N. Amer. 
4 N. Amer. 
4 N. Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N. Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 Hybrid.gard. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 Hybrid. 1827 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 Seedling 1827 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 

2 China. 1844 

3 China. 1844 
8 Chusan. 1844 
6 Turkey. 1793 
6 Turkey. 

6 Hybrid.gard. 
6 Hybrid. 1834 
6 Holland. 1832 
6 Turkey. 
6 Turkey. 
6 Hybrid.gard. 
6 Hybrid.gard. 
6 Turkey. 
6 Turkey. 
6 Hybrid.gard. 
J Brit., so. mo. 

2 China. 1846 

3 China. 

3 China. 

4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer, 

3 China. 
2 N.Amer. 

4 N.Amer. 
4 N. Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N. Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 
4 N.Amer. 



1823 



1823 



AZA 



63 



BAG 



Garden varieties — These are too numerous to 
name in a work like this, hut many are ex- 
ceedingly fine, especially those of the A. indica, 
a few of which may he named as, amaranthina, 
dlba magnifidra, alba plbna, dlba SmUhii, 
dlba striata, dlba supirba, dlba triflbra, Al- 
berti, Apbllo, Arnamdtica, Aurbra, Audi- 
birtii, barbdta, billa, Broughtbni, candidis- 
sima m&xima, carlumbr&ta, carminata, Oleo- 
pdl-ra, cocclnca supirba, cibprea violacea, De- 
voniinsis, Diana, distlncta, Egertbnia, data, 
ilegans, excillens, eaAmia, exquisita, Euginia, 
Eualia, eteganllssima, fdscinans, f&lgens, Gled- 
stanisii excilsa, glbria SmUhii, grandiflbra, 
maculata, Uibe, Hendersbni, Hirstii, im- 
prissa, Jenklnsii, Jinneri, Josephine, Lanei, 
lilacina, macrdntha rubra, macrdntha supirba, 
magnifldra, Minima, mirdbilis, multiflbra,^ 
mundiila, optima, obtusa, phcenicea dlba, prce- 
clpua, prcestantissimet,, Rawsbnii, Seddlngii, 
Seine . des Bilges, refulgens, rosea, Rowhana, 
rubra pllna, scmiditplex, Seymouri, SmUhii 



purpurea, speciosa, specioslssima, 
splendidissima, Slandlshii, supirba, tricolor, tri- 
timphans, ventricbsa, Vista, Vietbria, violdcea 
ilegans, vivicans, Wellingtbnii, WUliamsii, 



AzAROLE. See Crataegus Azardlus. 

Azar6ltjs. See Crat&gus Azardlus. 

AzARA, Ruin el Pavon. In honour of Joseph 
Nicolas Azara, a Spanish promoter of botany. 
Linn. 13, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Bixacece. Orna- 
mental trees, growing about fifteen feet high, 
which Mr. Don recommends to he grown in 
loam and sand ; ripened cuttings rooireadily 
if planted in sand, and placed under a glass, in 
a moderate heat. 

dentata . . Yellow . 6, G. Ev. S. 10 Chili. . . 1880 
Gilliesii . . Orange . 6, G. Ev. S. 15 Chili. . . 1S59 
integrifblia . Yellow . 6, G. Ev, S. 15 Conception. 1832 

Azedarach. See Mblia. 
AzIma. See Monitia. 
AzijREA, sky-blue coloured. 



B. 



BABlANA, Ker. Derived by Mr. J. B. Ker, 
from babianer, because the roots are the 
favourite food of baboons. Linn. 3, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Iriddcece. Handsome species, suc- 
ceeding well- in -a mixture of sand, loam, and 
peat, freely watered when the plants are grow- 
ing ; but "after flowering keep them dry till 
October, when they require repotting. During 
the suspension of water, keep them quite cool 
till new roots are made in the pots, after which 
a little more heat will cause them to flower 
strong. Protected from frost they succeed 
well in a south border, or the bulbs may be 
planted in spring and taken up again in au- 
tumn. Offsets or seeds. Bynonymes : 1, 1'xia 
stricta; 2, /. villbsa ; 3, Gladiolus nanus. 
angustifblia . Varieg. . 6, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. 1757 

. Blue wht. 6, «. Bl. P. i C. G. H. 1843 

, Blue . . 6, G. Bl. P. 

, Purple . 5, G. Bl. P. 

. Blue . . 4, G. Bl. P. 
. 5, G. Bl. P. 



bleolor . 
dfsticha . 
mucronata 
nana . . 
obtusifblia 2 . 
plicata . . 
multiplex 
purpurea . 
rmgens 
rubrocyaneft . 
sambucina 




H. 1774 



1825 
1807 
1825 
1774 
1834 
1806 
1752 



, Blue 
. Purple 
. Purple 
. Purple 
. Purple 
. Blue red, 
, Blue 
. Lgt. blue 
. Blue wht. 
, Yellow 
. Purple 
. Wht red 
. Yel. red 
. Drk. red 
. Purple 

Babeer. See Papyrus. 

•Babinqt6nia, Lindley. In compliment to 
Charles Babington, Esq., Professor of Botany, 
Cambridge, a skilful botanist. Linn. 12, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Myrtdcem, sect. Leptospirmecs. _ A 
very pretty greenhouse shrub, flowering during 
autumn and winter. It thrives in a mixture 



stricta 
sulphurea . 
tenuifldra . 
Thunbergii 
tubata . . 
tubifl&ra . 
villbsa . . 



. 5,' G. Bl. P 

. 6, G. Bl. P. \ C. G. H. 
. 5, G. Bl. P. J C. G. H. 
. 5, G. Bl. P. I C. G. H. 

4, G. Bl. P. i C. G. H., 1794 
. 4, G. Bl. P. i C. G. H. 1799 
. 6, G. Bl. P. i C. G. H. 1801 

5, G. Bl. P. J C. G. H. 1757 
. 6, G. Bl. P. i C. G. H. 1795 
, 5, G. Bl. P. i C. G. H. 1825 
. 4, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. 1774 
. 6, G. Bl. P. i C. G. H. 1774 
. 5, G. Bl. P. * C. G. H. 1774 
. 8, G. Bl. P. J C. G. H. 1778 



of rich brown loam, peat, ' and leaf-mould ; 
and half ripened cuttings root readily in sand, 
under a hand-glass, in heat. Synonyme : Bosc- 
kia camphorbsmce. 
camphor6am8B Pinkish . 6,,G. Ev. S. 7 Swan R 1841 

Babotjny. See Santolina fragrantissima. 

BacAzia, Flora Peru. In honour of George 
Bacaz, a botanist at Carthagena. Linn. 19, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Aster&cece. An interesting 
plant, growing well in peat and loam, and 
increased by cuttings. 

. . . Pink . 6, G. Ev. S. 4 Peru . 1825 



Baccate, berried, fleshy. 

Baccatus, berry-bearing. 

Baccharis, Linn. By the Greeks, to a plant 
dedicated to Bacchus. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Aster&eeoz. This genus, called the Plough- 
man's Spikenard, consists of ornamental spe- 
cies, of easy culture and propagation. Loam 
and peat ; cuttings in sand, uuder a glass. 
Synmiymes : 1, Molina parviflbra; 2, Galea 



adnata . . Purple 8, S. Ev. S. 8 S. Amer. 1823 

alata . . .Pa. yel. 12, G. Ev. S. 3 1829 

angustifblia White 7, G. Ev. S. 2 N. Amer. 1812 

conferta . . White 6, S. Ev. S. 2 S. Mexico. 1826 

Diosc6ridis . White 9, F. Ev. S. 4 Levant, 

glomeruli- 1 ^^^ 8 H De s _ 4 N Amsr> 18ir 

flora . . J 

glutinbsa . White 7, S. Ev. S. 5 Peru. . ■ . 1824 

halimifolia . White 10, H. De. S. 6 N. Amer. 1683 

indica . . White 8 S. Ev. S. 4 E. Ind. . . 1819 

ivsefblia . . White 7, G. Ev. S. 3 America. . 1696 

neriifblia . White 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1752 

parviflbra 1 . White 7, S. Ev. S. 3 Peru . . 1820 

scoparia 2 . Crm. cl. 7, S. Ev. S. 2 S. Jamaica. 1820 

BACKHotisiA, Hooker. In compliment to Mr. 
James Backhouse, by whose travels in Aus- 
tralia and South. Africa many interesting plants 
have been added to collections in this country. 
Linn. 12, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Myriacece. Ac- 



BAC 



64 



BAL 



cording to Mr. Backhouse, the species grows 
to a tree sixteen feet high, with slender 
branches, furnished with smooth, ovate, acu- 
minate leaves. The white flowers are borne in 
corymbs, and are often produced on very small 
plants, soon after being struck from cuttings.' — 
Bot. Mag. 
myrtifdlia . White . 5, G. Ev. S. 16 N. S. W. . 1844 

Baconia, JD. C, named in memory of Lord 
Bacon. Lima, 4, Or. 1, Bat. Or. Cincho- 
nacem. For culture, see Ixbra. Synonyme : 
1, Ixbra ntiida. 
corymb&sa . "White . 6, S. Ev. S. 4 Africa. . . 

BactriDIUM, Kunze. From bactron, a staff, and 
eidos, resemblance. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. 
Uredinacew. Found on the horizontal surface 
of old stumps. — atrovtrcns. 

Bi.CTiiis, Jacquin. From baktron, a cane ; on 
account of the small steins being used for 
walking-sticks. Linn. 21, Or. 6, Wat. Or. 
Palmacem. Fine species of Palms, thriving 
well in sandy loam, and only increased by 
seeds. B. minor produces a fruit the size of 
a common cherry, which contains an acid 
juice, not very pleasant to the taste. B. major 
produces a nut with a solid kernel, eaten in 
Carthagcna. See Acrocbmia. 
•caryotarfolia Pa. yel. 5, S. Palm. 10 Brazil. . . 1825 
cuspidata . Pa. yel. 6, S. Palm. 20 Brazil. . . 18S6 
guianensis . Pa. yel. 6, S. Palm. 15 Guiana. . 1820 
macracahtha Pa. yel. 6, S. Palm. 18 Brazil. . . 1823 
major . . Pa. yel. 6, S. Palm. 20 Carthag. . ] 800 

Maraja . . Pa. yel. 6, 8. Palm. 50 Brazil. . 1840 
minor . . Pa. yel. (5, 8. Palm. 12 S. Amer. . 1691 
pectinata . Pa. yel. 6, S. Palm. 10 Brazil. . . 1825 

Bacula. See Mimusops. 

BadAMIA. See Terminalia. 

Badqer's-bane. See Aconihim meUctonum. 

Badulam. See Ardisia humilis. 

B^ckia, Linn. Taken from A. Breck, a phy- 
sician to the king of Sweden. Linn. 1, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Myrtacece. Very interesting 
plants, delighting in sandy loam and peat. 
Cuttings root readily in sand, under a glass. 
See Babingtbnia. 

camphorata. White 7, G. Ev. S. 3 N. Holl. .1818 
densifdlia White 9, G. Ev. S. 3 N. S. W. . 
diosmarfolia. White 8, G. Ev. S. 3 N. Holl. . 1S24 
frutescens . White . 11, G. Ev. 8. 3 China. . 1806 
gracilis . White . 8, G. Ev. 8. 2 N. Holl. . 1826 

linifolia . . White . 8, G. Ev. 8. 3 N. Holl. . 1818 
ramosissima White . 8, G. Ev. S. 3 N. Holl. . 1824 
uaxicola . White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 3 N. Holl. . 1824 
utilis . . . White 8, G. Ev. S. 3 N. Holl. 
virgata White . 9, G. Ev. S. 3 N. Caledo. 1806 

B^e6botrts. See Mdisa. 

B.a50MYCES, Acharius. Derived from baios, 
small, and mykes, fungus ; the resemblance of 
the fructification to a fungus. Linn. 24, Or. 
9, Nat. Or. Parmeliacece. The species appear 
like some small kinds of ,Ag&ricus or Heloilla, 
and are generally found upon heath, oaks, or 
sandstone — ccespititius, microcipJialus, micro- 
phallus, placophjjllus, rbseus, rufus. 

B.&RIA, Fischer and Meyer. In honour of Pro- 
fessor Baer, of the University of Dorpat. 
Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asteracece. 
chrys6stoma . Yellow . 5, H. A. 1 California. . 1835 

Bagged, swelled like a sack, or bag. 

Bahama bed WOOD. Sec Sbymida febrifuga. 



Bahia, LecandolU. Derivation not explained. 
Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asteracece. Plants 
of easy culture in the open borders. 

trolliifblia . Yellow 8, H. Her. P. 1 New Spain. 1828 
latifolia . . Yellow «, H. A. 1 California. 

Bajree. See Penicillaria spicata. 

Balanghas. See Sterculia. 

Balanites, Decandolle. Derivation unknown. 
Linn: 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Amyridacece. Orna- 
mental plants of easy culture in a mixture of 
loam and heath-mould ; and cuttings strike 
root readily if planted in sand, under a glass, 
in heat, 
^gyptlaca . White . 6, S. Ev. S. 1£ Africa. . 1822 

Balanophagi. The ancient feeders on acorns 
and similar food. 

Balantium, Kaulf. From balantion, a purse ; 
on account of the form of the indusium. 
Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. ,Or. Polypodiacew. In- 
teresting species of ferns, growing in peat 
and loam, and increased by divisions. Sy- 
nonyme : 1, LHcksbnia cHlcita. See also Her- 
tilla. 

antarcticum . Brown . 8, H. Fern. 3 Australia . 
culcitum 1 . Brown . 8, S. Pern. 3 Madeira. . 

Balbul tree. See Acacia ar&bica. 

BALBfaiA, Cav. In honour of John Baptist 
Balbis, a writer on botany. Linn. 10, Or. 5, 
Nat. Or. Oxalidacew. A handsome plant, 
succeeding best in the greenhouse, in loam and 
peat. It must be watered with great caution ; 
cuttings. Synonymes : 1, Ledocarpum pedun- 
culare, Cruiekshdnksia cistiflora. See Tri- 
dax. 
peduncularis 1 . Yellow . 8, G. Ev. S. 1 Chile. . 1825 

Bald money. See Meum. 

Balessan. See Balsomodindron. 

Ballia. See Helicbnia. 

Ball, applied to the round central part of the 
flower of Stapelia. 

Ballota, Linn. Named from ballo, to reject, 
on account of its offensive odour ; hence the 
trivial name. Stinking Horehound. Linn. 
14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lamiacem. Mere weeds, 
of the' easiest culture. Synonyme: 1, B. fce- 
tida — aTba, disticha, nigra, 1, vulgaris. See 
Leonurus, Marrubium, Quircus, Rotjlea. 

Balm. See Melissa. 

Balm Basil. See Melissa Acinos. 

Balm, Field. See Melissa nipela. 

Balm op Aoouchi. See idea. 

Balm of Gilead. See Lracociphalum cana- 
rUnse. 

Balm of Gilead. See Balsomodindron and 
Ampris. 

Balm of Gilead fir. See Abies. 

Balm, mountain. See Melissa calaminOia. 

Balsam. See Impaliens. 

Balsam apple. See Mombrdica balsaminea. 

Balsam of Canada. See Abies. 

Balsam of Capevi. - See Copaifera officinalis. 

Balsam, Carpathian. See Pinus Pinea. 

Balsam of Mecca. SenAmyris. 

Balsam of Peru. See Myrdxylon. 

Balsam of Tolu. See Amyris toluifera. 

Balsam tree. See Clusia. 



BAL 



65 



BAN 



Balsamina, Rivinus. Called balassan by the 
Arabs, from which most probably the name 
balsamina has sprung. Limn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Balsaminoxem. That beautiful and popu- 
lar annual the garden balsam, with its white, 
red, pink, purple, lilac, and finely-variegated 
carnation-like flowers, belongs to this genus. 
All the species are ornamental, and may be 
grown with success by the following mode of 
treatment, recommended in Dou's Miller's Gard. 
Die. : — "The seeds of these plants should be 
sown on a moderate hotbed, in spring, and 
when the plants are about two or three inches, 
high, they should be planted in separate small 
pots, taking care to shade them until they 
have taken fresh root, replacing them in the 
hotbed, after which they should have a mode- 
rate share of free air admitted to them when 
the weather is favourable, to prevent their 
being drawn up tall and weak ; they should 
then be shifted from size to size of pots, until 
the plants have grown the size required, and 
when in flower they may be placed in the 
greenhouse, where they will make a very 
showy appearance, and seed freely." A light, 
very rich soil, composed of rotten dung, loam, 
and leaf mould, with a little sand, suits them 
best, plentifully watered. They do not root 
readily by cuttings ; but may be increased 
abundantly from seeds, which in general ripen. 
The juice of the balsam used with alum is 
employed by the Japanese to dye their nails 
red. Synonyme : 1, Impatiens balsamina. See 
Mombrdiea. 

bifida . . . : Bed 8, G. A. i Japan. . . . 1820 

capensis . . . Bed 8, G. A. J C. G. H. . . ISIS 

chinensis . . . Purp. 8, G. A. 1 China. . . . 1824 

cocoinoa . . . Soar. 8; S. A. 2 E. Ind. . . 1808 

comhta . . . Bed 8, G. A. 2 Ceylon. . . . 1826 

hortensifl 1 . . Bed 9, S. A. 8 E. Ind. . . 1596 

latifdlia . . . Pa.red 8, G. A. 1 E. Ind. . . 1818 

madagascarien- ) Red s> Q A i Madagas . . . 1824 

minor .' .' .' Bed 8, G, A. $ E. Ind. . . 1817 
mysorensis . . Bed 8, G. A. i Mysore. . . 1820 
Mastersiana . . Purp. 7, 8. A. 1 Khoseea Hills. 1837 
rbsea .... Eose . 7, G. A. 1 Himalayas. . 1839 

BalsaminAcejs. A small order of well-known 
plants nearly related to Oxalis. It consists 
but of two genera, all the species are annual : 
the common balsam has long been a popular 
plant in our greenhouses. 

BalsamIsta, Desfon. Costmary. From balsamon, 
balm ; in reference to its strong balsamic 
smell. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asteracece. 
Plants of little interest and easy culture. Sy- 
nonyme: 1, Tanackwm dnnuum. See Arte- 
misia and TanacUum. 

grandifidra . . Yellow . 7, P. B. 2 Algiers. 1821 

vulgaris . . . Yel. gra.. 8, H. Her. P. 3 Italy. . 1568 

ageratifllia, dnnua 1, virgata. 

Balsamodendron, Kunth. From balsamon, 
balsam, and dendron, tree. Linn. 8, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Amyridacew. An ornamental tree, 
growing well in sandy loam and peat, and 
ripened cuttings root freely in sand, under a 
glass, in heat. This tree yields the gum 
elemi of the East, which is distinct from tho 



American elemi. Synonyme : 1, Amyris ,zey- 



aristata . 


. Apetal 


arundinacea. 


. Apetal 


glailca . . . 


. Apetal 


himahiyOnsia 


. Apetal 


nigra . . . 


. Apetal 


pubescena . 


. Apetal 


spin6sa . . 


. Apetal 


Btrf eta . . . 


. Apetal 


variegata . . 


. Apetal 


■verticillata, . 


. Apetal 



zeylanicum 1 White . 6, S. Ev. T. 30 Ceylon. 

Balsam6na. See Cuphea Balsamona. 
Baltim6ra, Linn. In honour of Lord Balti- 
more, proprietor of Maryland. Linn. 19, Or. 
4, Nat. Or. Asteracece. Uninteresting species, 
of easy culture — dlba, ricta. 
Bamboo cane. See Bambibsa. , 

Bambtjsa, Schrader. From bambos, its name in 
India. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Graminaceos. 
This genus contains the bamboo-cane ; the 
species are interesting, and in rich loamy soil 
they grow rapidly to a great height in our 
stoves if well watered ; they increase by off- 
sets. B. arundinacea is very useful for a 
very great variety of domestic purposes ; in 
the E. Indies, cottages are almost entirely 
made of it, bridges, boxes, cups, baskets, 
mats, paper,, and masts for boats, are also made 
of it. It is likewise employed for fences for 
gardens, &c, and it is commonly used instead 
of pipes for conveying water. The substance 
called tabasher, is a secreted siliceous matter, 
found at the joints of the bamboo. See Melo- 
cdnna and Ndstus. 

, B. Grass 25 E. Ind. . 1824 
, S. Grass 50 E. Ind. . 1730 
, S. Grass 20 E: Ind. . 1826 
, H. GrasB 20.Himalaya. 
, S. 'Grass 20.E.. Ind. .1825 
, S. Grass 20 E. Ind. . 1826 
, 8. Grass 20 E. Ind. . 1820 
, S. Grass 25 E. Ind. . 1824 
, H. Grass 20 Japan. 
i, 8. Grass 25 E. Ind. . 1803 

BXmmia. See Hibiscus Bdmmia. 

Banana tree. See Musa sapiintum. 

Bane-berry. See Actcea. 

Bands, applied to the spaces between the lines, 
or ribs of the fruit of umbelliferous plants. 

Bandhooka. See Ixbra Bandhuca. 

BANDHtJCA. See Ixbra BandMca. 

Bandikai. See Abelmdschus escutentus. 

Bang. An intoxicating Turkish drug prepared 
from hemp. 

Bangia, Agardh. Named in honour of Christ- 
ian Frederick Bang. Linn. 24, Or. 7,, Nat. Or. 
Oonfervacece. Curious productions, appearing 
on marine rocks about the sea coast — atropur- 
pv/rea, calophtflla, ciliaris, f&sco-purpurea, La- 
minarice, iac&stris, Icetevirens. 

Banisteria, Linn. In memory of the- Rev. 
John Banister, a diligent botanist. Linn. 10, 
Or. 3; Nat. Or. Malpighiacece. Interesting 
species, with beautiful foliage, as B. splendens. 
They succeed in loam and sand, or a mixture 
of loam and sandy peat ; ripened cuttings root 
in sand, under a glass, in heat. Synonyme: 1, 
B. heterophplla, B. f&lgens. See Heteropteris 
and Stigmaph$ttum. 

adenonoda . • Yel. 6, 8. Ev.'CL 10 Brairfl. . 1848 

aurioulata . Yel. 6, S. Ev. CI. 10 BrazU. . 1S20 
chrysophylla . 6, S. Ev. Cli 

oiliata .... Yel. 6, 8. Ev. Tw. 10 Brazil. . 1796 

dichdtoma . . Yel. 6, 8. Ev. CI. 8 8. Amer. . 1S14 

emarginata . . Yel. 6, S. Ev. CI. 8 W. Ind. . 1S26 

forruglnoa . . Yel. 6, 8. Ev. CI. 10 Brazil. . 1S20 

fulgens . . . Yel. 8. Ev. CI. 8 W. Ind, . 1759 

F 



BAN 



66 



BAR 



I lumbold tiana . 
laurif 61ia . . . 
ovata . . . . 
periplocrefdlia . 
eericea . . . 
sinemai'iensis . 
tiUsefblia . . . 
splehdens 1 . . 
tenuis . . . 
tomentdsa . . 
zanzibarica . . 



Tel. 6, 
Tel. 7, 
Tel. 7, 
YeL 7, 
Tel." 7, 
YeL 8, 
Pur. 8, 
Yel. 0, 
YeL 
Yel. 7, 
Yel. 



S. By. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 



CI. 10 
CI. 



S. Amer. . 1824 
Jamaica. . 1733 
St. Doinin. 1810 
Porto Rico. 1818 



Tw. 10 
Tw. 10 
Tw. 10 



Brazil. 
Guiana. 
Java. . 
S. Amer. 
B. Ayres. 
S. Amer. 
Zanzibar. 



1S10 
1824 
1820 
1812 

1820 

1825 



BANJA. See Qudmis lanatus. 

Banksia, Robert Brown. In honour of Sir 
Joseph Banks, Bart. Pres. E. S. ; a distin- 
guished patron of science in general, parti- 
cularly Natural History. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Proteacece. This is a handsome and in- 
teresting genus. The species, to succeed well, 
must he treated in the following manner re- 
commended hy Sweet. "The pots must be 
well drained, which should be done in the 
following manner : — place a piece of potsherd 
about half way over the hole at the bottom of 
the pot, then lay another piece against it that 
it may be hollow, afterwards put some smaller 
pieces all around them, and some more broken 
very small on the top of these. All plants 
belonging to the Proteace'oz should be drained 
in the same manner, as the roots are very fond 
of running amongst the broken potsherds, and 
there is not so much danger of their being 
overwatered ; care must be taken not to let 
them flag for want of water, as they seldom 
recover if allowed to get very dry ; they should 
also be placed in an airy part of the green- 
house when in-doors, as nothing is more bene- 
ficial to them than a free circulation of air. 
Cuttings are generally supposed to be difficult 
to root, but they will root readily if properly 
managed ; let them be well ripened before 
they are taken off ; then cut them at a joint, 
and plant them in pots of sand, without 
shortening any of the leaves, except on the 
part that is planted in the sand, where they 
should be taken off quite close, the less depth 
they are planted in the pots the better, if they 
only stand firm, when the sand is well closed 
round them : then place them under hand- 
glasses in the propagating house, but not 
plunge them in heat, the glasses must be 
frequently taken off to give them air, and dry 
them, or they are apt to damp off ; when they 
are rooted, the sooner they are potted off in 
small pots the better, as the sand, is liable to 
canker their roots, if left too long in it ; when 
potted off they should he placed in a close 
frame, but not on heat, as a bottom-heat will 
destroy their roots, when they must be hard- 
ened to the air by degrees. Plants raised in 
this way have better roots, grow faster, and 
flower sooner, than plants raised from seeds : 
in raising them from seeds, they should" be 
sown in the same kind of soil as the plants 
are grown in, and placed in the greenhouse, 
or if it is in summer they will come up sooner, 
if placed out in the open air ; they will soon 
make their appearance, when they should be 
potted off in small pots, for if left in the seed 
pots too long they are apt to die, and are more 



difficult to move with safety." 
B. ledifdlia, B. UttorAlis. 

femula . . . Green 8, G. Ev. S. 

attenuata . . Yellow 7, G. Ev. 8. 

australis . . . Green ti, 

Baueri . . . Gr. Yel. 7, 

Baxteri . . . Yellow 7, 

Brownii . . . Yellow 7. 

Caleyi . . . Yellow 8. 

cocclnea . . . Scarlet 

coll ilia . . . Yellow 

compar . . . Yellow 



Cunuinghamiil Pa. yel. 
cylindrostachya Yellow 



dentata 
depressa . . 
dryandroldes 
elatior . . 
ericifdlia . 
GoSdii . . 
grandis . 
Hugelii . . 
ilicifblia . 
insularis . . 
iutegrlfdlia . 
latifolia . . 
littoralia . . 
marcescens . 
marginata 
media . . . 
Menziesii . 
nutans . . 
oblongifdlia . 
occidentalis . 
paluddsa . . 
prostrata 
pulchella 
quercifblia . 
repens 
serrata . . 
Solandra . . 
speci&sa . . 
spinulbsa . 
spheerocarpa 
verticillata -. 



Yellow 
Yellow 
. Yellow 
. Yellow 
. Yellow 
. Yellow 
. Yellow 
. Yellow 
. Scarlet 
. Yellow 
. Yellow 
. Green 
. Orange 
. Tellow 
. Tellow 
Yellow 
. Tellow 
. Yellow 
. Yellow 
. Yellow 
. Yellow 
. Yellow 
. Tellow 
. Yellow 
. Yellow 
. Yellow 
. Yellow 
. Tellow 
. Yellow 
. Yellow 
. Yellow 



Synonymes: 1, 

5 N. 8. W. 1788 

6 M. S. W. 1794 
G. Ev. S. 6 N. S. W. 1812 
G. Ev. S. 4 N. Holl. 1830 
G. Ev. S. 6 N. Holl. 1830 
G. Ev. S. 6 N. Holl. 1830 
G. Ev. S. 6 N. Holl. 1830 
G. Ev. S. 6 N. Holl. 1803 
G. Ev. S. (1 N. S. W. 1800 
G. Ev. S. 6 N. Holl. 1824 
G. Ev. S. 6 N. Holl. 1822 
G. Ev. S. 6 N. S. "W. 

G. Ev. 8. 4 N. S. W. 1822 
G. Ev. S. 6 N. Holl. 1824 
G. Ev. S. 6 N. Holl. 1824 
G Ev. 8. 6 N. HolL 1824 
G. Ev. S. 6 N. S. W. 1788 
G. Ev. S. 4 N. Holl. 1830 
G. Ev. S. S N. Holl. 1794 
G. Ev. 8. 6 N. 8. "W. 1837 
G. Ev. 8. 6 N. S. W. 1837 
G. Ev. 8. 6 N. S. W. 1822 
G. Ev. 8. 10 N. S. W. 1788 
G. Ev. S. 25 N. 8. W. 1802 
G. Ev. S. 4 N. Holl. 1803 
6 N. HoU. 1794 
6 N. S. W. 1804 
6 N. HoU. 1824 
6 N. 8. W. 1837 
4 N. Holl 1803 
G. Ev. S. 12 N. 8. W. 1805 
G. Ev. S. 15 N. Holl. 1803 
G. Ev. S. 4 N. S. W. 1805 
2 N. HoU. 1824 
6 N. HolL 1S05 
6 N. HoU. 1S05 
1 N. HoU. 1803 
15 N. 8. W. 1788 
6 N. HoU 1830 
6 N. HoU. 1S05 
6 N. S. W. 1788 
6 N. HoU. 1803 
10 N. HoU. 1794 



G. Ev. 8. 
G. Ev. 8. 
G. Ev. 8. 
G. Ev. 8. 
G. Ev. 8. 



G. Ev. S. 
G. Ev. 8. 
G. Ev. 8. 
G. Ev. 8. 
G. Ev. S. 
G. Ev. S. 
G. Ev. 8. 
G. Ev. S. 
G. Ev. S. 
G. Ev. T. 



Bansook. See Ad&mia. 

Banyan tree. See Plcus indica. 

Banya-tunya. See Arauciria Codkii. 

Banza-tunza. See Araucaria Codkii. 

Baobab tree. See Adansdnia. 

Baphia, Afzelius. Taken from baphe, from its 
use in dyeing. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Fabdxece. The genus yields what cabinet- 
makers call ringwood. 
nltida .... White 8, 8. Ev. T. 25 S. Leone. 1793 

BAPTfsiA, Robert Brown. From bctpto, to dye ; 
in allusion to the dyeing properties possessed 
by some species. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Fabdxece. Ornamental border plants, succeed- 
ing in common loamy soil, and multiplied by 
divisions. The roots and leaves of B. tinctdria, 
are antiseptic and astringent. Synonyme ; 1, 

• Podalpria unifldra. See Anagpris. 

alba .... White . 
auriculata . Blue . 
australis . . Blue . 
confuaa . . Blue' . 
exaltata . . White . 
lanceolata 1 . TeUow 
minor . . Blue . 
mxSUis . . . Blue . 
perfoUafca . Yellow 
tinctbria . . YeUow 
villosa . " . . YeUow 
versicolor . . Li. pur. 

Baranetz. See Aspidium Barornliz. 
Barbac^nia, Vandelli. From Barbacena, the 
governor of Minas Geraes. Limn. 6, Or. 1, 



6, H. Her. P. 2 K Amer. 1724 
6, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1812 
6, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 1758 
6, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1812 

6, H. Her. P. 8 N. Amer. 1724 

7, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1818 
«, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1826 

6, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1824 

8, P. Her. P. S Carolina. 1732 

7, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1750 

6, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1811 

7, H. Her. P. 4 N. Amer. 1824 



BAE 



67 



BAR 



Nat. Or. Swmodoracece. An interesting 
genus, growing in sandy loam, and multiplied 
by divisions. Synonyrne : 1, VeitcMa sqvM- 
mata. 

gracilis . . Red . 8, G. Her. P. i Brazil. . 
purpurea . . Purple 7, 8. Her. P. if Brazil. . 1825 
Eogieri . . Purple 7, S. Her. P. 1J Brazil. . 1850 
' squamata 1 . Y. crim. 3, G. Her. P. jf Brazil. . 1841 

Barbadoes cedar. See Juniperus barbadinsis. 

Barbadoes cherry. See Malplghia. 

Barbadoes gooseberry. See Periskia. 

Barbadoes lily. See Amaryllis eguistris. 

Barba-Jovis. See Anthpllis Bdrba-Jdvis. 

BarbArea, Robert Brown. On account of its 
being formerly called the herb of St. Barbara. 
Linn. 15, Hat. Or. Brassicacece. Plants of 
easy culture. The genus is called the Winter 
Cress. Synonymes : 1, Cheirdv&us ib&rims ; 
2, Sisymbrium Barbdrea; 3, Erysimum prde- 
cox ; 4, E. Barbdrea. 

priecox 3 . Yellow 10, H. Her. P. 1 Eng., brooks, 
vulgaris 4 . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 14 Brit., Rubbish. 
arcuata, iberica 1, orthboceras, plantaginea 2, 
taurica. 

Barberry. See Bdrberis. 

Barbascum. See Verbdscum. 

Barbotine. See Artemisia coeruliscens. 

Barbiera, Decan. In compliment to J. B. G. 
Barbier, M.D. Linn. 17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. 
Fabdcece. An ornamental species, grown in 
sandy peat, and multiplied by cuttings. Sy- 
nonymes; 1, Clitdria polyphplla. Galdclia pin- 



polyphylla 1 . Purple . S. Ev. S. 2 S. Amer. 1818 

BArbula. See Mastacdnthus. 

Bardana. See Arctium Barddna. 

BarjElla. See Salsdla. -, 

Bareeria, Snowies and Westcott. In honour 
of G. Barker, Esq., of Birmingham. Linn. 
20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidacece. These plants 
are surpassed* by few for the beauty of their 
flowers, even amongst the numerous splendid 
examples which belong to their Order ; they 
thrive best suspended in shallow baskets made 
of wood, and filled with turfy peat and sphag- 
num moss, mixed with some broken sticks to 
keep the whole light and open, that water may 
percolate freely, and be placed in an airy 
situation in the Orchideavhouse. Synonymes: 
1, Epidindrum SHnnerL 

Slegans . . . Lt. pink 3, S. Epi. 1} Mexico . 1836 
Lindley&na . . Purple . 2, 8. Epi. 1 CostaRiea 1842 
Skmneri 1 . . Bd. lilac 3, S. Epi. 2 Guatemala. 

major . . . Ed. lilac 9, 8. Epi. 2 Guatemalal847 
spect&bilis . . Lilac . . 7, 8. Epi. 1 Guatemalal841 

BarkhAusia, Decandolle. Linn. 19, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Aster&oeas. Uninteresting plants, 
growing in any common garden .soil, and 
merely requiring to be sown where they are 
to stand. Synonymes: \, Crepis alplna ; 2, 
Crepis fdetida ; 3, Crepis setbsa ; 4, .Crepis 
cernua; 5, Cr&pis taurinensis — B. albida, al- 
pina 1, bellidif61ia, fdetida 2, Canddllei, gra- 
vedlens, glanduldsa, macrophylla, Marschallii, 
nana, purpurea, rubra, searidsa, setdsa 3, 
Suffreniana 4, taraxacifdlia 5. 

Bark Peruvian. See Cinehdna. 

Bark Broed. See Pinus sylv&stris. 



Barkless wood. See L&tia Gmdbnia. 

Barleria, Linn. In honour of the Eev. James 
Barrelier, a Dominican, and M.D. of Paris. 
Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Acanthacece. These 
interesting dwarfish plants flower freely if 
grown in loam and peat, mixed with a little 
rotten dung ; and strike readily from cuttings 
made of the young wood, planted in soil, and 
placed under' a glass. Synonymes : 1, B. mltis, 
Justicia flava, Erdnthemum fldmum ; 2, Diclip- 
tera spindsa. See Asteracdntha. 
alba . . . White . 7, 8. Ev. S. 3 N. Holl. . 1815 
buxifdlia . . White . 7, 8. Ev. S. 9 E. Indies . 1768 
casi-ulea . . Blue . 7, 8. Ev. S. 2 E. Indies . 1823 
cristata . . Blue . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 2 E. Indies . 1796 
dich6toma . Purple . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 2 E. Indies . 1823 
naval. . . Yellow . 7, 8. Ev. S. 3 E. Indies .1810 
longifblia . . White . 8, S. B. 2 E. Indies . 1781 
longifldra . Yellow . 7, 8. Ev. S. 3 E. Indies . 1816 
lupullna 2 . Yellow . 8, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Mauritius . 1824 
Prionltis . . Orange 7, 8. Ev. S. 3 E. Indies . 1759 
purpurea . . Purple . 9, 8. Ev. 8. 2 E. Indies . 1814 
solanifblia . Blue . 8. Ev. 8. 2 W. Indies. 
Btrigdsa . . Blue . 7, 8. Ev. S. 2 E. Indies . 1820 

Barley. See Hbrdevm. 

Barley sugar is the syrup from the refuse of 
sugar candy. 

Barn adesia, Linn. fits. Named after Michael 
Barnadez, a Spanish botanist. Linn. 19, Or. 
6, Nat. Or. Asteracece. Curious spiny bushes, 
requiring warm greenhouse treatment. They 
should be grown in peat, loam, and sand, in 
equal proportions. Water' must be sparingly 
applied in winter. Propagation is easily 
effected by seeds or cuttings, 
rosea . . Deep rose 12, 8. Ev. 8. 2 8. Amer. . 1840 

Barnadezia. See Barnadisia. 

Barnardia, Lindley. In honour of E. Barnard, 
F.L.S. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. IAU&cece. 
This pretty species succeeds well in peat and 
loam mixed, and increases by offsets, 
scilloldes . Pa. blue 6, P. Bl. i China . . 1826 

Bar6sma. See Barybsma. 

Barometz. See Aspidium Baromitz. 

Barred, marked in spaces with a paler colour, 
resembling bars. 

Barren- wort. See Epimidium. 

Barringt6nia, Forster. Dedicated to the Hon. 
Daines Barrington, E.E.S., &e. Linn. 16, Or. 
8, Nat. Or. Myrtaeece. These very handsome, 
lofty-growing species are rather scarce in our 
stoves, and somewhat difficult to preserve in a 
healthy state. They must be grown in a moist, 
warm atmosphere, not by any means under 60 
degrees, and planted in loam and peat mixed. 
Cuttings in a moist heat, root in sand, under a 
glass. B. specidsa yields a reddish brown 
drupe, the seed of which, mixed with the bait, 
inebriates fish. Synonyrne: 1, Stravddiumrace- 
mdsum, Eugenia racemdsa. See Stravadium. 
racem6sa 1 .* Bed . 5, 8. Ev. T. 20 Molucca Isles. 
. Scarlet 5, 8. Ev. T. 20 E. Indies 1786 



BarthoiIna, B. Brown. In memory of the 
great Danish anatomist, and physiologist, Tho- 
mas Bartholin. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Orchid&cece. A singular species, very difficult 
to preserve in our collections. It requires a 
very sandy loam, and a light part of the green- 
house ; it is very probable, that if they had 

1? 2 



BAK 



68 



BAS 



more light in their growing season, they would 
be much easier preserved. Synonyme : 1, Are- 
thusa peciin&ta. 
pectinata 1 . Wht. lilac . 11, G. Ter. J C. G. H. 17S7 

BartlEngia, 67. Don. In honour of C. Bartling, 
who, with Wendland, wrote an ingenious dis- 
sertation on DiAsma. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
CincJwnacece. See Cryptandra. 

Bart6nia, Pursh. In honour of Dr. B. S. 
Barton, a botanist in Philadelphia. Linn. 12, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Loasdcece. Beautiful plants 
with large yellow and white flowers, which 
open in the night, and effuse around them a 
delightful odour. Sweet says, they should be 
raised in a geutle hotbed, and when up, 
potted, and protected in the greenhouse in 
winter. Synonyme: 1, B. decapitala. See 
Oentawilla. 



albescens . Tel. wht. 6, H. 

aurea . . Gold. yel. 6, H. 

nuda . . White . 8, F. 

ornate 1 White. . 8, F. 



A. 1 Chile . . 1881 

A. 3 California . 1831 

B. 2 Missouri . 1811 
B. 2 Missouri . 1811 



BartrAmia, Hedioig. So called in honour of J. 
Bartram, an Anglo-American, to whose re- 
searches in N. America the gardens of Europe 
owe. many of their finest trees. Linn. 24, Or. 
5, Nat. Or. Brydceaz. This is an elegant genus 
of mosses, remarkable for their green leaves 
and spherical capsules. The genus approaches 
nearly to Brfium, but differs in almost every 
species having spherical capsules, and the six- 
teen broad segments of the inner peristome, in- 
stead of being entire, or only perforated, are 
cleft like the teeth of a Dicranum. — See also 
Triumfltta. Synonyme: 1, Brijxtm fontdnum 
— arcuata, fontana, f. major 1, f. marchica, 
gracilis, Halleriana, ithyph^lla, pomifurmis, 
p. major, p. minor. 

Bartsia, Linn. Dedicated to his friend John 
Barsch, M.D. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Scro- 
phularidceaz. Curious plants, of difficult cul- 
tivation. They succeed best in a shady bog 
border, or in pots kept moist ; they also do 
pretty well in a moderately exposed situation 
sown in sandy soil. See Castitteja, Euchrbma, 
and Khin&nthus. 

alplna . . Purp. 8, H. A. J Brit. , W. hills, 

latifblia . Purp. 8, H. A. 1 S. Europe, 

odontites . Pink . 8, H. A. | Britain, mead, 

viscbsa. . Yellow 7, H. A. \ Britain, marsh. 

Barwood. See Bdphia nitida. 

Baru. See Saguerus saccharifera. 

Bary6sma, Willd. From the powerful scent of 
the leaves. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Rutdcece. 
Pretty species ; for culture, &c, see LH6sma. 
Synonymes: 1, Diosma latifblia, D. serrati- 
folia, D. odorata, Bucco crendta; 2, Diosma 
Knifblia; 3, A gaffibsma latifblia ; 4, Agathosma 
pulchilla ; 5, Di6sma latifdlia. See Dipterix. 



betullna . 
crenata . . 
crenulata 1 
diolca 2 
latifblia 3 
odorata 5 . 
ovata . . 
pulchella 4 

Base broom 



White 
White 
Bluish 
White 
White 
White 
White 
Purple 



6, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 
2, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 
4, G. Ev. S. 3 C. G. H. 



G. Ev. S. 
G. Ev. S. 
G. Ev. S. 
G. Ev. S. 



6, G. Ev. 8 

See Genista tinctdria 



2 C. G. H. 
2 C. G. H. 
2 C. G. H. 
2 C. G. H. 
2 C. G. H. 



. 1790 
. 1774 
. 1789 
. 1816 
. 1789 
.1824 
. 1790 
. 1787 



Basella, Linn. Its Malabar name. Linn. 5, 
Or. 3, Nat. Or. Basellacece. Some species are 
pretty ; B. lucida when in fruit is very inter- 
esting. The seed should be sown on a gentle 
hotbed, or in pots in the hothouse, and after- 
wards planted out singly in small pots, and 
placed among the tender annuals. The species 
furnish a summer spinach in Paris and China. 
See Ullucus. 



S. B. 

8. CI. B. 
S. CI. B. 
S. Tw. B. 
S. CI. B. 



S. Ev. 
S. CI. 
8. Tu. 



6 B. Indies 
6 E. Indies 
6 E. Indies 
3 Mexico . 
3 China . 



CI. 6 

B. 6 E. Indies . 

B. 6 S. America 



1688 
1802 
1S02 
1824 
1822 



1731 
1824 



A small order nearly related to 



alba . . . White 
cordifblia . Pa. pur. 
lucida . . White 
marginata White 
nigra . . White 
rambsa . . White 
rubra . . Pink . 
tuberbsa . Purple 

BASELLACEaL, 
Chenopods. 

Base saffron. See Cdrfhamus tinctdrius. 

Base rocket. See E6seda lutea. 

BAsfLicuM. See Ocymwin lasilicum. 

Basil. See O'cymum. 

Basket osier. See Sdlix Forbydna. 

Basilar, at the base or anything, usually the 
embryo when situated at the bottom of the 
seed. 

Bassia, Linn. In honour of Ferdinando Bassi, 
Curator of the Botanic Garden at Bologna. 
Linn. 11, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Sapotacece. Hand- 
some lofty-growing trees, thriving well in light 
loam and peat, mixed ; ripened cuttings in 
sand, under a glass, strike root freely. B. bu- 
tyrdcea yields a thick oil-like butter, and B. 
longifblia is prescribed in rheumatic affections. 
See Echinopsilon. 

butyracea . . Yellow 8, S. Ev. T. 40 Nepal . . 1823 
latifblia . . . Yellow 8, 8. Ev. T. 40 E. Indies 1799 
longifblia . . Yellow 8, S. Ev. T. 40 E. Indies 1811 

Bassorin. A chemical property found in the 

roots of several tuberous orchids'. 
Bassovium. See Solanum Bassdvium. 
Bastard ACACIA. See Robinia Pseudo-acacia. 
Bastard acmella. See Spildnthes Pseudo- 

acmilla. 
Bastard at6oion. See Silene Pseudo-atdcion. 
Bastard balm. See Melittis. 
Bastard box. See Polpgala ChamoMxus. 
Bastard cabbage-tree. See Geoffrbya. 
Bastard cedar. See Quasi/ma. 
Bastard cherry. See C&rasus Pseildo-ce'rasus. 
Bastard cinnamon. See Oinnambmum Odssia. 
Bastard cork-tree. See Quirctis Pseudo- 

suber. 
Bastard cracca. See Vicia Pse.udo-cracca. 
Bastard cyperus. See Carex Pseudo-cypirus. 
Bastard dictamnus. See BeringeYia Pseudo- 

dictdmnus. 
Bastard ground-pine. See Teucriwm Pseudo- 



Bastard hare's-ear. See Phyllis. 
Bastard hyssop. See Teucriwm, Pseudo-hys- 

sbpvs. 
Bastard indigo. See Ambrpha. 
Bastard jasmine. See Andrtsace chamce- 

jdsme. 
Bastard lupine. See Trifblium Lupindster. 
Bastard manchineel. See Camerdria. 



BAS 



69 



BAIT 



Bastard mouse-ear. See Bieracium Pseudo- 
pilosilla. 

Bastard <5lbia. See Lavat&ra Pseudo-tibia. 

Bastard orpine. See Andrdchne. 

Bastard pimpernel. See Oentunculus bi- 
cbmis. 

Bastard quince. See Pprus-chamcemSspilus. 

Bastard rocket. See Brdssica Pseudo-erueds- 
trum. 

Bastard toad-flax. See Thlsium. 

Bastard vervain. See Stachylarpheta. 

Bastard vetch. See Phaca. 

Bastard windflower. See Gentiana Pseudo- 
pneumondntlie. 

Bastard woodsage. See Teuerium Pseudo- 
scorodhnia. 

BastArdia. See Sida. 

Basteria. See Calycdnthus. 

Batarrea. See Battdrrea. 

BatAtas, Choisy. According to Bumphius, a 
Malayan, and to Nieremberg, a Mexican, word. 
Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Oonvolvuldcece. The 
species of this genus are strong free-growing 
plants, requiring room to spread, and, being 
tuberous-rooted, should be kept dry when in 
a torpid state. Light rich soil suits them 
best ; and half-ripened cuttings root readily 
under a hand-glass in moderate heat. Syno- 
nymes : 1, Ipomdea bignonioides ; 2, I. bonari- 
knsis ; 3, /. Cavanillesii ; 4, /. Batatas ; 5, /. 
glaucifdlia ; 6, /. heterophjjlla ; 7, /. Jalapa, 
Convolvulus Jalapa, ft macrorMzus ; 8, Ipo- 
mdea eriospirma, J. gossypifdlia, I. inkgnis ; 9, 
/. pentaphfilla ; 10, /. senegalensis ; 11, /. 
ternata; 12, /. venosa; 13, /. Willdendirii. 

betacea . . . Pa.vio. 6, G.De.Tw. 6 Demerara 1839 
bignonioldes 1 D. pur. 7, S.De.Tw. 8 Cayenne . 1824 
bonariensis 2 . Pur. 6, S.De.Tw. 10 Buenos A. 1839 
Cavanillesii 3 . W.red. 8, S.De.Tw. 10 . 1815 

edulis4 . . . "W.pur.6, S.De.Tw. 6 E. Indies 1797 
glaucif5Iia 5 . P. pur. 6, S.De.Tw. 6 Mexico . 1732 
neterophylla 6 P. pur. 9, S.De.Tw. 10 Cuba . .1817 
jalapa 7 . . . Rose . 8, S.De.Tw. 10 Mexico . 1845 
paniculata 8 . Pur. . 7, S.De.Tw. 10 E. Indies . 1799 
pentaphylla 9 . White 8, S.De.Tw. 20 E. Indies . 1739 
Senegalensis 10 White 7, S.De.Tw. 10 Guinea . 1823 
ternata 11 . . White 7, S.De.Tw. 4 Brazil . . 1824 
ven5sal2 . .Pur. 7, S.De.Tw. 8 Mauritius 1820 
Willdeobvii 13 Pur. 7, S.De.Tw. 10 . . 1818 

Batemannia, Lindley. In compliment to 
James Bateman, Esq., of Knypersley Hall, 
Cheshire, an ardent collector and successful 
cultivator of Orchidacese, and author of that 
splendid work, the "Orchidacea? of Mexico 
and Guatemala." Limn,. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
OrcMdacece. A very pretty species, well de- 
serving a place in every collection ; it some- 
what resembles a Maxillaria, with a pendulous 
raceme of flowers from the base of the pseudo- 
bulbs ; the sepals and petals are brownish- 
purple within, green without, and a white; 
labellum. It requires the same treatment as 
Starihbpea, and other similar genera. 
Colleyi . . Pur. grn. 8, S. Epi. J Demerara . 1834 

Batrachospermum, Agardh. From batrachos, 
frog, and sperma, seed. Name refers to the 
situation where the species grow. Lmn. 24, 
Or. 7, Nat. Or. Fucacece. The Species are in- 
teresting, having more or les3 the appearance 



of a necklace, especially B. rnonilifdrme ; they 
grow mostly in marshes — monilifbrme, m. de- 
Ursum, m. purpurdscens, m. simplicius, m. 
stagnate: v&gum, v. tenuissimum. 
BAtschia, Michaux. In honour of John George 
Batsch, a professor of botany in Germany. 
Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Boraginaeece. Pretty 
dwarf species, succeeding in common soil, and 
increased by seeds or divisions. Synonymes: 
1, Litkospirmum caniscens ; 2, L. Mrlum, 
Bdtschia carolininsis. 

canescens 1 . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. \\ N. America 1826 
Gmellni2 . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. | Carolina .1812 
longiflora. . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. \ Missouri . 1812 
sericea . . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. | N. America 1825 

BattArrea, Persoon. Named in honour of 
Antonia Battarra. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. 
Lycoperdacece. A very curious plant, found 
only in Britain, where it is very rare. The 
volva or wrapper, is about the size of a hen's 
egg, originally in three slightly coriaceous 
layers, hollow internally, which rises suddenly 
to its full height of about twelve inches ; the 
stalk carries up on its summit full half the 
innermost layer of the volva, which is white 
and smooth within, and covered externally 
with copious brown sporules, intermixed with 
fibre — phalloides. 

BaudJnia. See Calothdmnus. 

Bauera, Andr. In memory of Francis and 
Ferdinand Bauer, botanical draughtsmen of 
the highest celebrity. Linn. 13, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Hydrangedceae. Pretty, free-flowering 
species, of easy culture ; a mixture of sand 
and peat suits them, and young cuttings root 
readily in sand or soil, under a glass, 
humilis . . Red . 9, G. Ev. S. 1 N. S W. 1804 
rubisefblia . Pink . 9, G. Ev. S. 1} N. S. W. 1793 

BauhInia, Plunder. In memory of John and 
Caspar Bauhin, botanists of the sixteenth cen- 
tury. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Fabacece. 
Showy interesting species, some of them par- 
ticularly so when in bloom ; they succeed well 
in a mixture of sand, loam, and peat ; and 
cuttings taken when the wood is neither ripe 
nor very young (observing to dress off the 
leaves), and planted in sand, under a glass 
in a moist heat, will strike root. The dried 
leaves and young buds of B. tomentdsa are 
prescribed in dysenteric affections ; the bark 
of B. variegata is used in tanning and drying 
leather, and that of B. racembsa is employed 
in making ropes. Synonymes : 1, B. angwlina; 
2, B. retusa, divaricata, ■ 3, B. aculeata. 

aculeata . . . White 6, S. Ev. S. 6 W. Indies 1737 

acuminata'. .White 7, S. Ev. S. 6 E. Indies 1808 

Americana . . White 6, S. Ev. 8. S. Amer. 1800 

anatomica . . White 7, S. Ev. S. 6 S. Amer. 1806 

.'. armata . . .White 6, S. Ev. CI. 6 Brazil .1824 

• 'aurlta . . . White 8, S. Ev. S. 6 Jamaica . 1756 

- 'oandida . . . White 6, S. Ev. S. 6 E. Indies 1777 

chinensis . . Red. . 6, S. Ev. S. 6 China . 1800 

cbrymbdsa 1 . White 6, 8. Ev. CI. 6 E. Indies 1818 

cutnanensis . White 7, S. Ev. CI. 4 Cumana 1826 

divaricata . White 7, S. Ev. S. 5 W. Indies 1742 

emarginata . . White 7, S. Ev. S. 4 Carthag. 1700 

ferruginea . . White 7, 8. Ev. CI. 8 E. Indies 1820 

forflcata . . . White 7, S. Ev. 8. 6 Brazil . 1823 

glabra . . . White 6, S. Ev. CI. 12 Carthag. 1810 

glaucescens . White 8, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Cumana 1817 

grandifltoa . . White 6, S. Ev. S. i Peru . . 1820. 



BAY 



70 



BEG 



guianensis . 
heterophylla 
indica . . 
inermis . . 
Lamarkiana 2 
latif61ia . . 
leptopelala . 
lunaria . . 
Madagascari- 
ensis . . 
malabariea . 
microphylla 
multmervia 
parviflbra • . 
Pauletia . . 
porrecta . . 
pubescens . 
purpurea . 
raeem&sa . 
retusa . . 
rufescens . 
scandens 
semibifida 
spathacea 
specibsa 



. White 
. "White 
. White 
. Tel. red i. 
. White 
. White 
. Tel. gr. 
. White 

r White 



S. Bv. CI. 15 Guiana . 1820 

S. Bv. S. 6 Caraccas 1824 

8. Ev. S. 6 B. Indies 1820 

S. Ev. S. 6 Acapulco 1810 

S. Ev. S. 6 S. Amer. 1818 

S. Ev. S. 6 W.Indies 1818 

S. Ev. S. 5 N. Spain 1818 

S. Ev. S. 6 Acapulco 1820 

S. Ev. S. 4 Madagas. 1826 



Ev. S. 
S. Ev. 3. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Bv. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 



S. Ev. CI. 12 E. Indies 1810 
S. Ev. S. 6 S. Amer. 1817 
5 Caraccas 1808 

5 B. Indies 1827 
4 Panama 1730 

6 W. Indies 1823 
4 Jamaica 1778 
6 E. Indies 1778 

8. Bv. CI. 15 E. Indies 1790 
S. Ev. S. 6 E. Indies 1820 
S. Ev. S. 6 Africa . 1810 
S. Bv. CI. 20 E. Indies 1790 
S. Bv. CI. 8 E. Indies 1817 
S. Ev. S. 6 Mexico . 1823 
S. Ev. CL 10 1820 

8. Ev. 8. 6 Acapulco 1820 
8. Ev. 8. 6 E. Indies 1808 
8. Ev. CI. 15 E. Indies 1823 
8. Bv. 8. 4 Caraccas 1817 
S. Ev. 8. 6 E. Indies 1690 



. White 

. White 

. White 

. White 

. White 7, 

. White 7, 

. White 

. Purple 

. Pa. pink 6, 

. White 7, 

. Pa. red 8 

. W. yel. 

. White 

. White 7 

. White 
subrotundifolia White 7, 
tomentosa . . -Tel.wh. 8, 
triandra . . . White 7, 
ungula 3 . . White 7] 
variegata . . Striped 6 ; 

Bawd-money. See Mium. 

Bayberrt-bush. See Myrica cerlfera. 

Bat tree. See Laurus nbbilis. 

Bdellium. See Bahamodindron. 

Bead tree. See MUia. 

Beak, anything like the beak of a bird, hard 
sharp points. 

Beam tree. See Pprus Aria. 

Bean. See Faba. 

Bean caper. See Zygophfllum. 

Bean trefoil. See Andgyris. 

Bean tree. See Ceratbnia siliqua. 

Bear berry. See Arctostdphylos uva ursi. 

Bearbind. See Calystegia. 

Beardletted, possessed of small awns. 

Bear oak. See Qu&rcus ilicifdlia. 

Bear's-breech. See Acdnthus. 

Bear's-ear sanicle. See Cortusa. 

Bear's-foot. See Helttborus f&lidus. 

Bear's-GRAPe. See Arctostdphylos iuoa Ursi. 

Beast' s-bane. See Aconitum theribphonum. 

Beat6nia, Herbert. Named in honour of Mr. 
Beaton, a celebrated gardener, and contributor 
to many horticultural publications. Linn. 
16, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Iridacece. For culture, see 
Tigrldia. Synonyme : Tigridia violacea. 
atrata . . Dk. pur. 8, G. Bl. P. 2 Mexico . . 1843 
curvata . . Purple . 7, 6. Bl. P. 1 Comalapan 1843 
purpurea . . Purple . 8, G. Bl. P. 1 Brazil . . 1841 

Beatje6rtia, Robert Brown. In compliment to 
Mary, Duchess of Beaufort, a botanical pa- 
troness. Linn. 18, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Myrtiieece. 
Very splendid and desirable species ; for cul- 
ture, &c. Synonyme : 1, Beaufbrtia carinata ; 
2, Schizopleura macrostemon. See Trist&nia. 
carinata . . . Scarlet 6, G. Ev. S. 2 N. Holl. . 1823 
Dampieri 1 . . Pink . 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 Hartog's Is. 
decussata . . Scarlet 5, G. Bv. 8. 3 N. HolL . 1803 
macrostemon 2 Purple 7, G. Bv. 8. 3 Swan B. . 1843 
purpurea . . Purple 7, Q. Ev. 8. 3 Swan E. . 1841 
sparsa . . . Bed . 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 N. Holl. . 1808 
splendens . . Bed . 6, G. Ev. S. 3 N. HolL . 1830 

BeauharnoIsea. See Tovomita fruclipindula. 

Beatjm6ntia, WatticA. In memory of Diana, 

the lady of Colonel T. Beaumont, of Bretton 



Hall. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Apocyn&cece. 
Beautiful species, especially B. gmndifldra. 
They succeed well in loam, or loam and peat 
mixed, and are propagated from cuttings, or 
seed, in sandy soil under a glass, 
grandiflbra . . White 6, S. Ev. Tw. 15 B. Ind. 1820 
longif&lia . . White 6, S. Ev. Tw. 15 E. Ind. 1818 

Beaver tree. See Magnblia glaum. 

Beccabunga. See Verdnica Beccabunga. 

Becium, Lindley. An ancient name for the 
Sage. Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lamiacece. 
A beautiful flowering hardy shrub, which may 
be .increased by seeds or cuttings like the va- 
rious species of Sdlvia. Synonymes : 1, C/cy- 
mum grandifibrwm, O. abyssinicum, 0. fila- 
mentbsum. 
blcolor 1 . Wht. lilac 10, H. De. S. 2 Abyssinia 1842 

Beckea. See Bdeckea. 

Beckmannia, Host. Dedicated to Mr. Beck- 
man, the author of "The History of Inven- 
tions." Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Oraminacece. 
An uninteresting species, of the simplest cul- 
ture. Synonyme : 1, Cynosurus eruccefbrmis — 
erueifonnis 1. 

Bedf6rdia, De Comdolle. In honour of the 
Duke of Bedford, a great promoter of Botany. 
Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asteraceas. For cul- 
ture and propagation refer to Oachlia. 
saliclna . . Yellow 4, G. Bv. 8. 3 V. D. L. . 1820 

Beebeeru. See Necldndra Rodidsi. 

Bee larkspur. See Delphinium. 

Bed-straw. See Galium and Hedysarum Apoc- 
rines. 

Beech. See Fagus. 

Beet. See Beta. 

Befaria. See Bejaria. - 

Beech drops. See Epiphegus. 

Beg&nia, Linn. In honour of Michael Begon, 
a Frenchman, and promoter of botany. Linn. 
21, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Bcgoniaeecs. An interest- 
ing, somewhat succulent genus, peculiar foi 
the leaves being oblique at their base. They 
succeed well in very rich soil, and cuttings 
root readily. Some species are useful in cases 
of scurvy. Synonymes: 1, B. maculata; 2, 
rubra ; 3, glabra, populifblia, denticulata ; 4, 
parvifblia; 5, punctata; 6,radiala; 7, dcida, 
pauciflbra peltata ; 8, pSndula, ripens ; 9, odo- 
rata; 10, grandiflbra; 11, hirta; 12, oblXqua; 
13, aurantiaca ; 14, pentaphfilla ; 15, verticil- 
lata; 16, grdndis, unifbrmis ; 17, vitifblia ; 
18, purpurea; 19, odorata, humilis; 20, in- 
carinata; 21, Evansi&na. 

acerif&lia . Whitish 7, 8. Ev. 8. 3 Brazil . 1829 

aeida . . . White 6, 8. Her. P. 2 Brazil . 1847 

acuminata . White 7, S. Ev. S. 1 Jamaica. lV90 

acutifblia 18 White 8, 8. Ev. 3. 1 W. Ind. 1816 

albo-cccclnea Sea. w. 6, 8. Her. P. 1 E. Ind. 1844 

aptera . . . White 7, 8. Her. P. 3 Java 

argyrostigma White 8, 8. Ev. S. 1 Brazil. . 1819 

Barkerii . . White 1, G. Her. P. 3 Mexico . 1837 

biserrata . . Pink 6, S. Her. P. 2 Guatem. 1847 

Brabahtii . . Pink 6, 8. Her. P. 2 

bulbifera . . Wht. pk. 7, G. Her. P. 1 Peru . 1827 

castanajfdlia . Pink 2, 8. Ev. S. 3 Brazil . 1838 

chrysoleuca . Scarlet 6, S. Ev. S. S N. Gren. 

"'"lnaTs } 0r ' 5" 31 ' 6 ' S - Her - p - 2 BoliTi * • 18« 
coccfnea 2 . Scarlet 4, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Brazil . 1842 
conchajfolia . Bed all 8. Bv. Tr. J C. Bica . 1852 



BEG 



71 



BEL 



^Red 



6, S. P. Tr. 1 C. Amer. 1848 



crassicahlis . Wht. pk. 2, S. Bv. 8. 2 Guatem. 1842 

cuoul&ta . . White all S. Bv. S. S Brazil. . 

Daodalea . . White 6, S. Bt. S. 2 8. Amer. 

digitate 15 . White 7, S. Her. P. 7 Braz& . 

dichbtoma . White 7, 8. Bv. 8. 2 Caraooas. 1800 

dip<ftala . . Pink 7, 8. Bv. 8. S Bombay. 1827 

dipteral2 .White 6, S. Ev. 8.1 0. G. H. 1822 

discolor 21 . White 5, 8. Bv. 8. 8 China. 1804 

marmorata White 5, 8. Bv. 8. 3 

disticha . . White 9, S. Her. P. 1 Brazil . 1819 

diversifblia . Pink 7, 8. Her. P. 1 Mexico . 1829 

Dregei 4 . White 7, 8. Bv. 8. 1 C. G. H. 1839 

dhbia . . . White 7, 8. Her. P. 1 Brazil . 1818 

fagifolia 5 . White 4, S. Bv. S. 2 Brazil . 1888 

Fiscneri . . White 6, 8. Ev. S. H 8. Amer. 1885 

fuchsioldes . Scarlet 12, 8. Ev. 8. 4 N. Gren. 1844 

Funckii . . Pink .6, 8. Bv. 8. 2 

geraniifblia . Wht. rd. 9, 8. Tu. P. 1J Lima . 1833 

Grfffithii . . Rose 6, 8. Her. P. 2 Hybrid . 

he ioha 6 } Rose "^ S ' Tu ' P - 4 Mexi0 ° • 1831 

radiata ". . Pink all 8. Tu. P. 2 Mexico . 1852 
hernandise- ) 
fblia . | 

hirsute . . White 6, S. B. 1 W. Ind. 1784 

hirtblla . . White 9, 8. Her. P. 1 1824 

humilis . . White 9, 8. B. i W. Ind. 1788 

Humbbldtii . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 1 

hy hfoUa ty " } Pink • 6 ' 8 ' Her ' P - i S - Amer - 184S 

hypargyrea . Red. . 6, 8. Bv. 8. 1 Assam . 

incana . . White . 4, 8. Her. P. 1 Mexico . 1838 

imperialis . White . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 8 

incarnate . Pink . 6, 8. Her. P. li Brazil . 1829 

Ingram'l . Pink . ti, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Hybrid . 1850 

insignia 20 . Pink . 12, 8. Ev. 8. 1 8. Amer. 1826 

laurlna . . Pink . 7, 8. Her. P. 2 

Lindley- \ ^^^ 6 s Bt s 3 Guatemala, 

ana 17 . I ' 

longifolia . Pk. wh. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 3 S. Amer. 
longipes . . White . 7, 8, Ev. 8. 3 Mexico 1828 
lilcida . . White . 8, 8. Ev. 8. 1 W. Ind. . 1816 
manicata . Pa.pk. . 4, 8. Her. P. 2 Brazil . 1862 
macrophylla White . 7, 8. Bv. 8. 3 Jamaica . 1793 
margaritacea White . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Assam . 
Mavshallii . Pink . 6, 8. Her. P. 2 Hybrid . 
Martiana. .Pink . 9,8. Tu. P. 2 Brazil . 1829 
Meyeri . . White . 5, S. Ev. 8. 3 Brazil . 1838 
miniate . . Vermil. 6, 3. Her. P. 3 Columbia 1854 
monbptera . White . 8, 8. Tu. P. 2 Brazil . 1829 
multibul- i whJte 9 B T,,. p jj Brazil . i 8a0 

billbsa . ) * 

murioata 14 . White . 9. 8. Her. P. 2 Brazil . 1830 
natalensis . Pink . 6, G. Tu. P. 2 8. Africa, 
nltida . . .White. 8, 8. Ev. 8. 1 i Jamaica . 1777 
nivbsa . . White . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 1 Assam . 
octopiStala 10 Gsh.wt. 10, 8. Tu. P. 2 Peru . . 1835 
odorate . . White . 9, 8. Her. P. li ■ 1824 

opuliflora . White . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 2 N. Grnda. 1854 
OttdniS . . White . 6, 8. Bv. 8. 2 Caraccas. 
palmata . . White . 8, 8. Ev. P. 1 Nepal . 1819 
papulosa. .Pink . 7,8. Ev. 8. 3 Bran! . 1826 
Pittula. . . White . 6, 3. Ev. 8. 1 W. Ind. . 1818 
pauciflbra . White . 9, 3. Her. P. 1} „ „ ■ J816 
iarviflbra . White . 5, 3. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. . 1836 
peltifdlia, 7 . White . 5, 8. Her. P. 3 Brazil . 1816 
petaloldes . Bo. wt. 5, 8. Bv. 8. i Brazil . 1832 
picta 11 . . Pink . 8, 8. Tu. P. 1* Nepal . 1818 
platenifblia . Pink . 9, 8. Bv. 8. 6 Brazil . 1829 
Prestoniensis Scarlet. 6, 8. Ev. S. 2 Hybrid . 1854 

superba . Scarlet. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Hybrid . 
prismato- \ TeUow . 6, 3. Ev. S. 3 Fernanda Po 

ptdchSa.' . White . 7, 3. Her. P. J Brazil . 1823 

quadrfcolor . TLr.wt. 6,8. Ev. S. 2 

ramentacea . Wt.blh. 6, 8. Her. P. 1 Brazil . 1830 

renifbrmis .White. 7,3. Ev. 8. 1 Brazil . 1818 

rubrovenia . Wh. red 6,8. Ev. 8. J N.India. 1836 

rubicaulis . Blush . 6, 8. Ev. S. 1 Brazil . 

rupestria. .Pink . 4,8. Her. P. 2 Brazil . 

sanguinea .Red .7, 8. Ev. 8. 2 Brazil . 1829 

atropur- 1 Blk . re d T g. Ev. 8. 2 Hybrid . 

pilrea. I ' „ „ 

Scammanil . 6, S. Bv. 8. 2 

scandeus 3 . White . 8, 8. Ev. CI. 2 Guiana . 1822 

semperfld- ) Kifc 5 s , Bv . s. 2 Brazil . 1829 

r ens 1 . ) ' 



Sellowii . 


. White . 


9, 


sinuata 9 . 


White . 


6, 


smaragdlna 


. Purple. 


6, 


splendida 


Crimsn. 


7, 


strigillbsa 


Rose . 


6, 


stigmbsa . 


. White . 


7, 


spatulata. 


. White . 


9. 


suavoblens 19 White . 


«, 


Thwaltesii 


. White . 


6, 


tuberbsa . 


. White . 


8, 


ulmif blia . 


. White . 


7, 


undulata . 


. White . 


7, 


urophylla 
villosa . . 


. Rose . 
. Pink . 


6, 
7, 


vitifblia 16 


. White . 


4, 


xanthlna- 


. Yellow. 


7, 


argentea 


. Yellow. 


7, 


zebrlna . 


. Pink . 


7, 



1836 



S. Her. P. 1 

8. Ev. 8. 2 Brazil 

8. Ev. 8. 2 

8. Bv. S. 1 Java . . 

8. P. Tr. 3 C. Amer. 1852 

8. Her. P. 1 

8. Her. P. 1J W. Ind. . 1819 

8. Ev. 3. 1 W. Ind. . 1816 

8. Her. P. \ Ceylon . 1851 

8. Tu. P. } Amboyna 1810 

8. Ev. 3. 2 8. Amer. 1822 

8. Ev. 3. 2 Brazil . 1825 

8. Her. P. 1 

8. A. 5 3. Amer. 

8. Her. P. £ Brazil . 

8. Her. P. 1 N.India. 1836 

S. Her. P. 1 N. India . 1836 

3. Her. P. 14 Brazil . 1845 

There are also a great number of very beautiful 
garden varieties, a few of which, might be 
mentioned as argentea, a. guttata, a. punc- 
tata, grandis, Madame Wagner, Miranda, ne- 
buldsa, picturata, Rollis&nii, Kex, Trobetzk6yi, 

,&c. 

BegoniACE*. A small order of plants, con- 
taining but one known genus — Begonia. 

Behbn. See Sitene Bihen and Serrdtula BSIien. 

Beiom6ta. See Cinnamdmum Beiolgdta. 

BejAria, Mutis. In memory of M. Bejar, a 
Spanish botanist. Linn. 11, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
EricdmB. Beautiful species, of easy culture, 
succeeding well in loam and peat ; and cuttings 
root readily under a glass in heat. Synonyme : 
1, Befiria Lindenicma. 

festuans . . Rose . 8, B. Ev. S. 3 Peru . . , .' 1846 
cinnambmea Purp. . 6, S. Ev. 8. 4 Peru . . . 1847 
coarctata. . Purp. . 6, 8. Bv. 8. S Peru . . . 1847 
glailca. . . Purp. . 6, 8. Ev. S. 3 N. Grenada. 1826 
ledifblia . . Purp. . -8, S. Ev. 8. 3 Caraccas . 1S47 
Lindeniana 1 Crimsn. 6, S. Bv. 8. 3 Caxamar 1851 
racembsa. . Purp. . 6, G. Ev. S. 4 Florida . . 1810 

BelamcXnda. See Parddnthus. 

BELANGfcRA. See Polystimon. 

BelIlla. See Mussdinda. 

Belts. See CwvningMmia. 

Belladonna lily. See Amaryllis Bdlad&nna. 

Bellaedia. See Cond&lia. 

Belleisle cress. See Barbdrea precox. 

BellevAlia, La Peyrouse. In memory of P. R. 
Belleval, a French botanist. Linn, 6, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Lililteece. An interesting genus, 
succeeding in common soil, and increased by 
suckers. Synonymes: 1, Scllla rom&na, Hya- 
dnthus romanus. 

operculata 1. White . 5, H. Bl. P. J Italy 
syrlaca . . Orn. bl. 5, H. Bl. P. 1 Syria 

BellERIC. Sec Terminalia BelUrica. 

Bellerica. See Termindlia BelUrica. 

Bell flower. See Campanula. 

BellidiAstrum, Micheli. From Mlis and 
astrum, resembling a daisy. Linn. 19, Or. 
2 Nat. Or. Asteraceoe. An ornamental species, 
succeeding in peatand loam, and increased by 
divisions. Synonyme : 1, Arnica Bellidi- 
Astrum. See Osmltes Bellididslrum. 
Michelii 1 . White . 6, H. Her. P. 1 Austria . 1570 

Bellis Linn. In allusion to the pretty flowers. 
Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asterteea:. This 
comprehends the common daisy, the merits 
and the culture of which must be familiar to 
every one. Synonyme : 1, Ecllpta 
fblia. 



1596 
1844 



BEL 



72 



BER 



aucubsefolia. White . 5, H. Her. P. £ 
annua . . . White . 5, H. A. i S. Europe . 1759 

bybrida . . White . 4, H. Her. P. J Italy . . 1824 
perennis . . White . 6, H. Her. P. i Brit, fields 

fistulosa . Red . 6, H. Her. P. ± Brit gardens 
• hortensis . Red . 6, H. Her. P. J Brit, gardens 

prolifera . Striped 6, H. Her. P. \ Brit, gardens 
sylv&tris . White . 6, H. Her. P. j Portugal . 1797 
integrifblia 1 Wt. pk. 7, H. A. i Texas . 1801 

Bell pepper. See Cdpsicum. 

Bellium, Linn. From bellis, daisy ; the flowers 
being similar to those of the daisy. Linn. 
19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asteraceoe. Pretty species, 
succeeding best in sandy peat, or peat and 
common soil mixed ; seeds or divisions, 
bellidioldes . White . 7, H. A. £ Italy . 1796 

crassif blium Wht.yel. 6, P. Bv. P. I Sardinia 1831 
intermedium White . 8, H. Her. P. J 
minutum . . White . 8, H. Her. P. 1 Levant 1772 

Bellinia. See Sardcha. 
Bellucia. See Blakea. 

Bel6nia, Carmichael. From belone, a needle ; 
in allusion to the acicular filaments. Linn. 
24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Fucacece. Found on de- 
caying marine Algce. — torUosa. 
Belop^rone, Nees. Named in reference to the 
arrow-shaped eonneetivum ; from belos, an 
arrow, and perone, a band, or strap. Linn. 2, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Acanthacew. A pretty species, 
easily cultivated, and multiplied by cuttings, 
oblongata . Ro. pur. . 9, 8. Ev. S. 3 Brazil . 1832 
Bencao de dIos. See A TAtiltm eseuUntum. 
Bengal quince. See JSgle marmelos. 
Benincasa, Savi. From Count Benincasa, an 
Italian nobleman. Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Cucurbithceoe. An uninteresting species, of the 
easiest culture. Synonyme : 1, CucHrbita ceri- 
fera — cerifera 1. 
Benjamin tree. See Ficus Benjamina. 
Benjamin tree. See Lauras Benzbin. 
Ben nut trees. See Moringa. 
Ben oil tree. See Moringa dptera. 
Bent-grass. See Agrdstis. 
Benthamia, Lindl. In honour of George Ben- 
tham, once secretary of the London Horticul- 
tural Society. Linn, 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Corn&cece. 
A very handsome genus, sufficiently hardy to 
bear our severest winters, If guarded from 
cold cutting winds, and unusually sharp frosts, 
by a mat. _ The flowers, which appear in pro- 
fusion during summer, are succeeded by an 
abundance of large, globular, reddish-yellow, 
eatable fruit, of an insipid though not un- 
pleasant taste. It succeeds best in common 
garden loam, and is easily increased by seeds 
or layers. The best situation for it is against 
a south wall, where it grows freely, and looks 
well. Synonyme: 1, Obrnus grdndis. See 
also Amsinckia. 

fragifera . Tsh. red 8, H. Ev. B. 3 E. Indies . 1825 
japonica 1 . Tsh. red 8, H. Ev. S. 3 Japan . . 1847 

Benzoin. See Lahrus Benzbin. 

Berardia, Villars. Na-med after Mr. Berard, 
a botanist of Grenoble. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Aster&ceat. Pretty species, of very easy 
culture. Synonymes: 1, Brwnia paleaeea ; 2, 
B. phylicoides: 3, Arctium lanuginbsum, Ono- 
pbrdum rotwndifblivm. 



paleaeea 1 . . White 7, G. Ev. S. 1J C. G. H. 1791 
phylicoides 2 . White 7, G. Ev S. 1J C. G. H. 1805 
subacaulis 3 . Purple 7, H. Her. P. ]J Italy . 1791 
BerberidAce^s. Birberis is the principal genus 
of this order, the species of which are all or- 
namental. 
Berberis, Linn. From berberys, its name in 
Arabia. • Linn. 6, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Berberi- 
dacece. This genus comprises the common 
barberry ; all the species are ornamental, and 
thrive in common garden soil, but prefer 
one rather light ; cuttings or layers take root 
freely in the open ground. The fruit makes 
an agreeable jelly, and, as a medicine, is con- 
sidered an agreeable and grateful astringent . 
acid. The bark of the root boiled is used in 
Poland to die yellow ; the colour is best when 
boiled in ley. Synonymes: 1, chUria; 2, 
vulgaris ib&rica ; 3, MaAonia nervosa, M. 
glumdtcea ; 4, atrovirens ; 5, glaUca ; 6, angu- 
Ibsa ; 7, acanthifolia ; 8, bweifdlia, micro- 
phtflla, inirmis. See Mahbnia. 
actinantha . Yellow 6, H. S. 3 Chili . . . 1S30 
aristata 1 . . Yellow 4, H. Ev. S. 6 Nepal . . 1820 
asiatica . . Yellow 6, H. Ev. S. 4 Nepal . . 1823 
aurahuacensis Orange 5, P. Ev. S. 4 N. Grenada 1847- 
buxifblia . . Yellow 6, P. Ev. S. 2 Stra.of Mag. 1827 
canadensis . Yellow 5, H. De. B. 8 Canada . . 1759 
caroliniana . Yellow 6, H. B. 6 N. Amer. . 1828 
conaria . . Yellow 6, H. S. 4 Nepal . . 1841 
concinna . . Yellow 5, H. Ev. B. 5 Himalaya . 
coriacea . . Yellow 4, H. Ev. S. 5 Nepal . . 1845 
crat&gina . . Yellow 4, H. De. S. 4 Asia Minor 1829 
cretica . . . Yellow 6, H. Do. S. 6 Candia . . 1759 
serratifdlia . Yellow 5, H. De. S. 6 Candia . . 1759 
Darwmii . . Dk. or. 4, H. Ev. S. 6 Chiloo . . 1847 
daurica . . Yellow 5, H. De. S. 4 Dauria . . 1818 
dealbata . . Yellow 5, H. Ev. S. 8 Mexico . . 1833 
dulcis 8 . . Yellow 3, H. Ev. S. 8 Magellan . 1830 
Ehrenbergii . Yellow 5, H. Ev. S. 6 Mexico . . 1849 
emarginata . Yellow 5, H. Ev. S. 3 Siberia . . 1790 
empetrifdlia . Yellow 5, P. Ev. S. 2 Stra.of Mag. 1827 
floribunda . . Yellow 6, H. De. S. 10 Nepal. . 
Portuni . . Yellow 7, H. Ev. S. 4 China . . 1846 
hcterophylla . Yellow 6, H. Ev. S. 4 Magellan . 1805 
hypoleuca . . Yellow 5, H. Ev. S. 5 Nepal . . 1846 
iberica 2 . . Yellow 5, H. De. S. 5 Iberia . . 1818 
ilicifblia . . Yellow 7, H. Ev. S. 4 T. del Pue. 1791 
inermis . . .Yellow P. Ev. S. 2 Stra.of Mag. 1827 
Jamiosonii5 . Dk.yel. 5, P. Ev. S. 4 Quito . .1847 
Leschenaultii7 Yellow 4, H. Ev. S. 4 Neilgheny 1845 
loxensie . Yellow 5, H. Ev. 8. 4 Peru . . . 1848 

liltea . . . Yellow 5, P. Ev. S. 4 Peru . . . 1847 
LJcium . . Yellow 5, H. Ev. S. 5 Himalaya . 1850 
mitis . . . Yellow 4, H. Ev. S. 4 N. Amer. . 1834 
nervosa 3 . . Yellow 6, H. Ev. S. 1J N. Amer. . 1840 
pallida . . Yellow 4, G. Ev. S. S. Amer. . 1844 
parvifldra . . Yellow 5, H. Ev. B. 3 S. Amer. . 1846 
provincialis . Yellow 6, H. De. S. 8 Pranee . . 1821 
ruscifolia . . Yellow 5, G. Ev. S. 5 B. Ayres . 1823 
sibirica . . Yellow 7, H. De. S. 2 Siberia . . 1790' 
sinensis . . Yellow 4, H. Do. 8. 4 China . . 1815 
tenuifdlia . . H. Ev. S. Vera Cruz . 1836 

tinctdria . . Yellow 5, H. Ev. 8. 6 Neilgherry . 1843 
trifoliata . . Yellow 5, G. Ev. S. 3 Mexico . . 1839 
trifurca . . Yellow 5, H. Ev. S. 3 China . . 1854 
umbellata 6 . Yellow 6, H. De. S. 4 Nepal . . 1842 
undulata . . Yellow 5, H. Ev. S. 6 Peru . . . 1847 
virgata . . . Yellow 6, H. Ev. 8. 4 Peru . . . 1836 
vulgaris . Yellow 4, H. De. 8. 8 England,hedges. 

alba . . . Yellow 4, H. De. 8. 8 Engl., gardens. 
a9perma . . Yellow 4, H. De. 8. 8 Europe, 
dulcis . . . Yellow 5, H. Ev. S. 8 Austria, 
intermedia . Yellow 5, H. Ev. 8. 6 China . . 1854 
liltea . . . Yellow 5, H. De. 8. 8 Europe, 
nigra . . Yellow 5, H. De. S. 8 Europe, 
purpurea . Yellow 4, H. De. 8. 8 Europe, 
violicea . . Yellow 4, H. De. S. 8 
Wallichiana 4 Yellow 5, P. Ev. S. 8 Nepal . . 1820 
Berberry. See Birberis. 



BEE 



73 



BES 



Berchemia, Neclcer. In honour of M. Ber- 
ehem, a French botanist. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Rhamnaceos. The species succeed in 
sandy loam and peat, and are interesting. 
They increase either by cuttings or seeds. To 
the roots of B. volubilis, antisyphilitic virtues 
are ascribed. Synonymes: 1, Rhdmnus Unedtus, 
(Enbplia linedta ; 2, Rhdmnus volubilis, 
CEn6plia vol&bilis. 

lineatus 1 . Green . 6, G. Bv. CI. 8 China . 1814 
volubilis 2 . Green . 6, H. De.Tw. 10 Carolina 1714 

Berckheya, Greville. Dedicated to John Le- 
franc de Berckhey, a Dutch botanist. Limn. 
19, Or. 3, Nat. Or. Asterdceoz. The species 
are ornamental, and succeed well in a mixture 
• of loam and peat ; cuttings planted in com- 
mon soil, root readily under a glass, 
cernua . . Yellow . 6, S. B. 1 C. G. H. . 1774 

cuneata . . Yellow . 6, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1812 
cynaroldes . Yellow . G, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1789 
grandifldra . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1812 
incana. . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1739 
obovata . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G H. . 1794 
palmata . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 8 C. G. H. . 1800 
pectinata . Yellow . 8, G. Ev. B. 2 C G. H. . 1818 
spinosissima. Yellow . 7, G. Her. P. 1J C. G. H. . 1821 
uniflbra . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1815 

Bercoch. See Armeniaca vulgaris. 

Bergamot. See Citrus. 

Bergamot mint. See Mentha odordta. 

Bergamint. See Mentha citrata. 

Bergenia. See Saxifraga. 

Bergera, Konig. In compliment to C. J. 
Berger, a botanist at Kiel. Linn. 10, Or 1, 
Nat. Or. Aurantidcece. Curious and interest- 
ing species, succeeding in sandy loam, and 
multiplied by layers or cuttings.- The leaves 
of B. Konigii are stomachic and tonic, and an 
infusion of them toasted allays vomiting, 
integerrirna . White . 6, S. Ev. 3. 4 W. Indies . 1828 
Konigii . White . 6, B. Ev. S. 3 E. Indies . 1820 

Bergeretia. See Glypiola. 

Bergia, Linn. In honour of P. J. Bergius, 
M.D. Linn. 10, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Flatindcece. 
This curious little species may be grown in 
sandy soil, and increased plentifully by seeds. 
verUcillata . White red . 6, H. A. i Egypt . 1820 

Beringeria, Neclcer. From Beringer, supposed 
to be a man's name. Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Lamidcm. Ornamental species ; for cul- 
ture, &c, see Marrubium. Synonymes: 1, 
' Marrubium acetabulosum ; 2, M. africhnum ; 
3, M. cmirewm; 4, M. crispum; 5, M. hir- 
siUum ; 6, M. hispdnicum ; 7, M. orientals; 8, 
M. pseudo-dictdmnus. 

acetebulbsal Purple . 7, P. Ev. S. 1 Candia . 1676 
africana 2 . Purple . 8, H. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1710 
cinerea3 . . Pa.purp. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Spain . . 1823 
crfspa 4 . . Pa.purp. 7, H. Her. P. 1 S. Europe. 1714 
hirsuta 5 . . Pa.purp. 6, H. Her. P. 1 
hispanica 6 . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Spain . . 1714 
oriontalis 7 . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 1 S. Europe. 18al 
pseudo-die-) Purp i 7 F . Ev. P. 1 Candia. . 1596 
tamnus 8 J * ' 

Berkeleya, Greville. In honour of the Rev. 
Mr. Berkeley, an English cryptogamist. Linn. 
24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Diatomdcem. A very 
small, interesting marine production—; frdgilis. 

Bermuda cedar. See Juniperus bermudiana. 

Bernhardia. See Psilitum. 



Berrya, Sox. In memory of Dr. Berry, who 
first introduced it into Calcutta. Linn. 13, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Tiliacece. An ornamental tree, 
succeeding well in rich loam and peat mixed ; 
cuttings planted in sandy soil root well under 
a glass. B. amomilla furnishes the fine light 
timber employed in making the Massoola 
boats of Madras, and called Trincomalee. See 
TetrantMra. 
amomilla . Yel. gr. . 7, S. Ev. T. 20 E. Ind. . 1800 

Berry-bearing alder. See Ehdmnus Frdn- 
gula. 

Berries, juniper. See Juniperus. 

Berter6a, Dec. Named in compliment to C. <T. 
Bertero, an esteemed friend of De Candolle's. 
Linn. 15, Nat. Or. Brassicaeece. The species 
are ornamental, and of easy cultivation ; sandy 
soil suits them, and young plants are obtained 
either from seeds or cuttings. Synonymes : 1, 
FarsUia incana ; 2, Farsitia mutdbilis. 
incana 1 . . White . 7, H. B. 1£ Europe . 1640 

mutabilis 2 . Wht pk. 7, H. Her. P. 2 Levant . 1802 
obllqua . . White . 7, P. Ev. S. 1 Bioily . . 1823 

Bertholletia, Humb. and Bonp. In memory 
of L. C. Berthollet, a meritorious chemist. 
Linn. 13, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lecythidacece. This 
tall ornamental tree yields the nuts known in 
shops under the name of Brazilian nuts. It 
succeeds in sand, peat, and loam, and may be 
increased by cuttings in sand, or in a sandy 
soil, 
exoelsa . . White . 6, S. Ev. T. 100 Para 

Bertol6nia, Raddi. Named in honour of Ant. 
Bertoloni, an Italian botanical author. Linn. 
10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Melastomheece. Only one 
species of this genus is introduced — the ma- 
cul&ta, a pretty little creeper ; it grows in 
light soil, is increased by cuttings, and should 
be well supplied with water when in growth. 
See Lasiorhiza, Lippia, and TovomUa. 
maculate . . Eose . 6, S. Ev. Gr. £ Brazil . 1848 

Berula. See Sium. 

Berzelia, Brongniart. Dedicated to the cele- 
brated chemist Berzelius. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Bruni&cece. These pretty species delight 
in a mixture of rather sandy peat and loam. 
Cuttings take readily in sand, under a glass. 
'mes: 1, Brunia abrotanoides ; 2, B. la- 



abrotenoldes 1 White . 6, G. Ev. S. 1} C. G. H. . 1787 
lanugindsa 2 . White . 7, G. Ev. S. lj C. G. H. . 1774 

Beshan. See Balsamodendron opobdlsamum. 

Beschorneria, Kth. Named in honour of H. 
Beschorner, a German botanist. Linn. 6, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Bromeliacex. The cultivation of 
these plants is simple and easy, being the 
same as that given for Agave and Fourcrbya, 
increase is by suckers. They are well deserv- 
ing of cultivation. Synonyme : 1, Fourcrbya 
tubifldra. 

tutaiflbra 1 . . Gr. pur. 5, G. Ev. P. 4 Mexico . 1845 
yuocoldes . . Gr. red. 5. G. Ev. P. 6 Mexico . 1S45 

Besleria, Linn. Named in memory of Basil 
Besler, an apothecary at Nuremberg. Linn. 
14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Gemeracece. A pretty and 
interesting genus, delighting in very light rich 
soil. Cuttings strike fiteely by merely sticking 



BBS 



74 



BET 



them, without protection, in the tan bed. 
Synonym.es : 1, B. bxcolor ; 2, Franeiscea 
calycina, F. confertifblia. See Alloplictus, 
Campania, ChrysOthemis, Colldndra, Dry- 
mdnia, and Franciscea. • 

coccinea . . Yellow. 7, S. Ev. S. 3 Guiana . 1819 
cristata . . Yellow 6, S. Ev. CI. 3 W. Ind. . 1739 
dlchrous 1 . Bed yL 7, S. Ev. S. 3 Brazil . . 1826 
grandifblia . Yellow 8, S. Ev. S. 3 Brazil . . 1823 
hirtella . . . Yellow 7, 8. Ev. S. 3 Brazil . . 1824 
incarnata . , Yellow 6, S. Her. P. 3 Guiana . 1820 
inodbra 2 . . Violet 6, S. Ev. S. li Brazil . . 
lutea. . . Yellow 7, S. Ev. S. 3 Guiana . 1739 
melittifdlia . Orange 6, S. Ev. S. 3 Guiana . 1739 
m611is . . . Yellow 6, 8. Ev. S. 3 S. Amer. . 1823 
pulcheTla . . Yellow 8, S. Ev. S. 8 Trinidad . 1806 
serrulata . . Pur.yel. 6, S. Ev. GL 5 W. Ind. . 1806 
violacea . . Yellow 6, 8. Ev. CI. 6 Guiana . 1824 

Besoms are often made of the common Ling 
(Erica vulgaris), and for some purposes are 
better than those made from birch twigs. 

BHissERA, Schultz. Named in honour of Dr. 
Besser, professor of botany at Brody, and 
author of an Enumeration of the Plants of 
Tolhynia, Podolia, &c. Linn. 19, Or. 3, Nat. 
Or. Liliaceoe. These plants require to be 
grown in a mixture of peat and sand, to be 
liberally supplied with water, and kept dry 
and cool when the leaves wither and fall off, 
until next season. They are propagated by 
offsets. Synonyme :~ PTiarium fislulbsvm. See 
also Pulmonaria. 

dlegans . . . Scarlet 9, G. Bl. P. 1 Mexico . . I860 
Herberti . . Pur.wt. 9, G. Bl. P. 1 Mexico. . 1846 
miniata. . . Sor. wt. 9, G. Bl. P. 1 Mexico. . 1849 

Beta, Linn. From the Celtic bett, signifying 
red ; alluding to the red colour of the roots. 
Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Chenopodiacece. The 
beet-root is the type of this genus, the uses 
of which are well known ; the species succeed 
well in common garden soil, treated as other 
culinary roots. B. pdtula does best kept in 
the greenhouse. B. clcla is used as spinach ; 
and in Germany and Switzerland the midrib of 
the leaf is boiled, and eaten with gravy or 
melted butter. 



clcla . 

crispa 

macrorhlza 

maritima 

trigyna . 

vulgaris 

lutea . 

rubra . 

vlridis 
pdtula. 



. Green 
. Green 
. Green 
. Green 
. White 
. Green 
. Green 
. Green . 
. Green . 



8, H. 
8, H. 
8, H. 
i, H. 



B. 6 Portugal. 1670 
B. 6 S. Europe 1800 
B. 6 Caucasus 1820 
B. 1 Brit.sea coasts 



7, H. Her. P. 4 Hungary. 1796 



H. 
8, H. 
8, H. 
8, H. 



B. 4 Europe . 1548 
B. 4 S. Europe 
B. 4 S. Europe 
B. 4 8. Europe 



Betactl®. An order of plants merged in Che- 
nopodiacece. 

BETA-cfcLA. See Btia. 

Betckia, De Candolle. In honour of M. Betcke, 
who has described many species of Valeria- 
nilla. Linn. 3, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Valerianaceas. 
The seeds only require to be sown in the open 
ground in May, in a sheltered situation, 
major . . . Rose . 8, H. A. 1J California 1836 
samolifblia . Rose . 7, H. A. 1 Chili . . 1835 

Betel nut. See Piper Betle. 
Betle nut. See Piper Betle. 
Bet6nica, Limn. From beulonic, its Celtic 

name. Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lamiaceoz. 

These handsome dwarf species are well adapted 



for ornamenting the margins of flower-borders, 
or rock-work. They grow in any common soil, 
and increase plentifully from suckers. B. offi- 
cinalis when fresh intoxicates, and the dried 
leaves excite sneezing. 

alopecurus . Bed . . 7, H. Her. P. 1} S. Eur. . 1759 
grandiflbra . Purp. . 5, H. Her. P. if Siberia . 1800 
hirsuta . . Purp. . 6, H. Her. P. J Italy . . 1710 
incana . . . Flesh . 6, H. Her. P. % Italy . . 1759 
macroura . . Pa.red|. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Europe . 1820 
nivea . . . Red . 7, H. Her. P. 1$ Caucasas 1820 
officinalis . . Purp. . 8, H. Her. P. 1 Brit, woods 
alba . . . White . 8, H. Her. P. 1 Brit, woods 
orientalis . . Lt. pur. 6, H. Her. P. 1 Levant . 1737 
strfcta . . . Purp. . 6, H. Her. P. 1£ Dnmrk. . 1592 
serdtina . . Red . 8, H. Her. P. lj Austria . 18S2 

Betony. See Betdnica. 

Bbtony. See Tehcrium betdnicum. 

Betula, Linn. From betu, its Celtic name. 
Linn. 21, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Betulacece. This is 
a popular genus, and best known by its com- 
mon name, the birch. The species are for the 
most part lofty-growing trees, and very orna- 
mental. B. pindula has a graceful and pleas- 
ing growth ; the species p&mila and nana are 
dwarfer-growing kinds, but very pretty and in- 
teresting. They thrive in any soil, and are 
commonly increased by grafting or budding on 
the larger and more plentiful kinds, the latter 
being raised from seed ; the dwarfest species 
are best when produced from layers. Syno- 
nymes: 1. Alnus viridis ; 2, Bifida urticifolia ; 
3, B. laciniata; 4, B.pindula. 
alba .... Apetal . 4, H. De T. 40 Brit, woods 



dalecarlica . Apetal 

macrocarpa. Apetal . 
p6ntica . . Apetal . 5. 
pube'scena . Apetal 
urticifblia 2. Apetal . 5' 
verrucosa . Apetal . 4, 
"5.' 



Bhojp£ittra 
carpinifdlia 
daurica . . 
parvifdlia 
exeelaa . . 
fruticoaa . 
glandulbsa. 
grandia . . 
tanuldsa . 
lenta. . . 

lute;: i . . . 

m611ia 
nana . 



. Apetal 
. Apetal . 7. 
. Apetal 
. Apetal . i. 
. Apetal . 7, 
. Apetal 
. Apetal . 5 
. Apetal . 5. 
. Apetal . 7, 
. Apetal . 7, 
. Apetal . 5, 
. Apetal 
Apetal . 5j 



macrophylla Apetal . 
strlcta . ." Apetal . 



nigra 
ovata 1 . . 
paUe"acena . 
papyracea . 
fusca , 



Apetal . 7. 
. Apetal 
. Apetal 
. Apetal 
. Apetal 



platyphylla. Apetal . 
trichoclada . Apetal . 



pendula 

pdntica . . 

populifilia 
laciniata 3 
pendula 4 

pube'scena . 

pumila . . 

rubra . . 

Sc&polii. . 

tristis . . 



. Apetal . 6, 
Apetal . 5, 
Apetal . 7, 
Apetal 
Apetal . 7, 
Apetal . 6, 
Apetal. 5, 
Apetal . 7j 
Apetal . 

. Apetal . 5, 



H. De T. 40 Europe 
H. De T. 30 

H. DeT. 40 Europe . 

H. De T. 60 Turkey . 

H. De T. 40 Germny. . 1812 

H. De T. 40 

H. De T. 50 Brit, wooda 

H. DeT. 40 Himalaya 1840 

H. Ev.S. 60 N. Amer. . 1759 

H. De T. 25 Siberia . 1785 

H, De T. 25 Siberia ; 

H. De T. 50 N. Amer. . 1767 

H. De S. 6 Siberia . 1818 

H. De T. 25 N. Amer. . 1816 

H. DeT. 50 N.Amer. . 1834 

H. De T. 60 N. Amer. . 1817 

H. De T. 50 N. Amer. . 1759 

H. DeT. 25 N.Araer. . 

H. De T. E. Ind. . 1840 

H. De S. 6 N. Amer. . 

H. De S. 6 BwitzerL . 

H. De S. Siberia 

H. De T. 60 N. Amer. , 

H. De S. 6 Hungary. 1820 

H. De S. 6 

H. De T. 40 N. Amer. . 1750 

H. De T. 40 Carolina . 

H. De T. 50 Carolina . 

H. De T. 25 Carolina . 

H. De T. 40 Brit, wooda 

H. De S. 10 Turkey . 

H. Ev.T. 30 N.Amer. . 

H. De T. 25 

H. De T. 25 

H. De T. 25 Germny. . 

H. De S. 8 N. Amer. . 

H. De T. 60 Canada . 

H. De S. 10 

H. De T. 12 Kamtscb. 



1819 
1736 



1750 



1812 
176'2 



Betulacece. A small order of well known trees, 
consisting of the various kinds of Birch and 
Alder. 

Betulaster. See Bttula. 



BET 



75 



BIG 



Betuline. Birch Camphor, a peculiar resinous 

substance, principally furnished by the black 

birch tree. 
Betulus. See Carpinus Bitulus. 
BhojpAttra or Bhoorjapattra. See Bitula 

Bhojpdttra. 
Bho&KJA. See Bitula Bhojpattra. 
BialATA, two-winged. 
Bhabhtjr. See Eriophorum comisum. 
JBiarum, Smith. From bis, twice, and aron, the 

Arum. Limm. 21, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Ardceoz. 

Hardy border flowers, growing in common 

garden soil, and propagated by division. Sy- 

nonyme : 1, Aram gramlneum. 

grammeum 1 . Purple . 4, H. Her. P. 1 S. Eur. 1884 
tenuitblium . Dk.pur. . 4, H. Her. P. 1 S. Eur. 1570 

Bhadlee. See Pdnieum pilbsum, 

BreiRi. See Ncct&ndra Rodicei. 

BIceps, having two heads. 

Bic6rnis, two-horned. 

BIdens, so called from bis, twice, and dens, a 
tooth ; alluding to the seed. Linn. 19, Or. 1, 
Hat. Or. Asteraceat. These species are mostly 
uninteresting ; a few however are worth cultivat- 
ing. They grow readily in common soil, and 
increase from seeds, suckers, or divisions, ac- 
cording to their habits and duration. Syno- 
nymes : 1, Coreopsis coronata ; 2, B. odorata; 
3, B. tripartita. See MelantMra, Osteospir- 
mum, Petrdbium, and Sdlmea. 



argUta . . . 
Berteriana 1 . 
bipinnata . . 
coronata . . 
crithmifdlia . 
cynapifblia . 
grandiflbra 2 . 
neterophylla . 
leucantha . . 
macrosperma . 
odorata . . . 
procera . . . 



sambucifdlia 
serrulata . 



Yellow 6, 

Yellow 5, 

Yellow 7, 

Yellow 8, 

Yellow 6, 
Yellow 

Yellow 6, 

Yellow 8, 

White 7, 

Yellow 6, 

White 6, 
Yellow 11, 

Yellow 7, 

Yellow 7, 



H. Her. 

S. Her. 

H. 

H. 

G. Her. 

G. 

H. 

G. Her. 

H. 

H. 

H. 

H. Her. 

H. De 

H. Her. 

H. 



P. 
P. 

A. 

B. 

P. 

A. 

A. 

P. 

A. 

A. 1 

A. 



2 Mexico . 1825 
ih Prt. Eico 1787 
2 N.Amer. 1687 
2 . 1829 
2 Mexico.. 1824 

1 Cuba . 1827 

2 S. Amer. 1800 
2 Mexico . 1803 
1 j S. Amer. 
■ Siberia . 1819 

Mexico . 1825 
P. 6 Mexico . 1822 
Cr.2 Nepal . 1S19 
" S. Amer. 1801 
. 1829 



P. 1 
B. H 



angustifblia, bull&ta, cirnua, chininsis, connata, 
chrysdntha, chrysanthemoldes, ferulcefdlia, fo- 
libsa, frondbsa, heliantholdes, hirtilla, lusm- 
rians, nudiflora, parviflbra, pilbsa, proc&mbens, 
reflixa, striata, tripartita. 

Bidentate, having twin, or u double row of 
teeth. 

BidwIllia, Herbert. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
LiliaceoB. For culture, &c, refer tp Lllium. 
Synonyme: 1, Anthiricum glaibeum. 
glauccSscons . White . 5, H. Bl. P. 1 Australia 1848 
glaucua 1 . . White . 8, H. Bl. P. 2 Peru . . 

BiebersteInia, De CandolU. In honour of 
Marschall Von Bieberstein, a celebrated writer 
on the Russian Flora. Linn. 10, Or. 4, Nat - 
Or. Rutaceas. For culture refer to Zygo- 
phgllum. 
odbra . . . Yellow . 5, P. Her. P. 1 Altaia . 1837 

Biennial, of the continuance of two years. A 
plant is said to be biennial which takes two 
years to mature its fruit, and then dies. 

Bifakiotjs, disposed in two rows. 

Bifid, opening with a cleft nearly divided in 
two. 



BfFORis, Sprengel. The name is compounded from 
bis, double, or two; and /oris, a nap ; in refer- 
ence to the shape of the fruit. Linn. 5, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Apiacece. Uninteresting species, of 
the simplest culture. Synonymes: 1, Coridn- 
drum testiculdtum ; 2, C. testiculatum — radians 
1, testiculatum 2. 

BifrenAria, Lindley. So named from bis, 
twice, and fraenum ; in allusion to the double 
strap or freenum that connects the pollen 
masses with their gland. Linn. 20, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Orchidacem. A genus of very pretty 
plants when in bloom, especially B. auran- 
tkica, the flowers of which are deep orange 
yellow, mottled with dark brown spots. For 
culture and propagation see Maxillaria, to 
which the genus is near akin. Synonymes : 1, 
Maxillaria atropurpHrea ; 2, Maxillaria aureo- 
f&l/oa ; 3, M. racembsa ; i M. vitellina, bar- 
bata. See also Stenoc&ryne. 



atropurptirea 1 Drk. pur. 5, S. Epi. 
aurantlaca . . Or. spot. . 9, S. Epi. 
ailreo-fljlva 2 . Orange . 7, S. Epi. 
Hardwenii . Yel. gr.w. 5, S. Epi. 
inodbra. . . Brnsh.gr. 4, S. Epi. 
longicbrnis . Or. bra. . 7, S. Epi. I 
racembsa 3 . Pa. straw 7, S. Epi. 1 
vitellina 4 . . Yellow . 7, S. Epi. 1 



1 Rio Jan. . 1828 
J Demerara 1884 
1 Bio Jan. . 1843 
1 Brazil. . 1851 
H Eio Jan. . 1889 
I Demerara 1836 
Bio Jan. . 1843 
Rio Jan. . 1843 



BlFRONS, two-faced. 

Biqel6yia, Spr. Named in honour of Professor 
Bigelow, of N. America ; for species refer to 
Spermacdce. See Borreria. 

Bigeminate, twin, each division bearing a pair 
of leaflets. 

Biglandular, having two or double glands. 

BlGLtlMls, having two husks, or chaffy scales. 

BlGNbNlA, Linn. In memory of Abbe' Bignon, 
librarian to Louis XIV. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Bignoniaceoi. The species are trees or 
shrubs, inhabitants of hot climates. The 
leaves are opposite, pinnate, ternate, or con- 
jugate ; the flowers in panicles, large and hand- 
some, of various colours, red, blue, yellow, or 
white, and eminently beautiful. The stovo 
sorts grow freely in loam and peat, and young 
cuttings root in sand under a hand-glass. The 
species grow in any soil, but will not flower 
well unless the situation be warm ; they are 
increased by cuttings of the roots, by layers, 
or by young cuttings in a gentle heat, under a 
hand-glass or frame. B. rddicans is a well- 
known much-admired species, capable of living 
in tho open air in this country against a wall. 
The young shoots of B. chirire are sometimes 
manufactured into wicker-work. Synonymes: 
1, Jacardnda dlba; 2, B. heterophfflla ; 3, 
Jacardnda eehinata ; 4, tomentosa; 5, Milling- 
tdnia hort&nsis ; 6, Incarvillea tomentosa. See 
Adenocaltfmma, Mschim&nthus, Amphilbbiam, 
CheiUpsis, Gelsemium, Jacardnda, Paulovnia, 
Phylldrthron, Spathddea, and Tecdma. 

adenophjlla. 4, S. Ev. T. E. Ind. . 

(ttba I . . . White 6, S. Bv. CI. 6 Guiana . 
alliacea . . Yellow 6 S. Ev. CI. 10 W. Ind. . 
• amdBiia . . Yellow 6, S. Ev. T. E. Ind. . 
apurensis . Yellow 6, S. Ev. CI. 10 Orinoco . 

*"§te 0Cti ~. } YeUow 6 ' S - Et - C1 - 30 Guiana • 
sesculiflora . Yellow «', S. Ev. T. 20 Mexico 
australis . . Yellow 9, S. Ev. CL 20 



. 1S32 
. 1823 
. 1790 
. 1S28 
. 1824 

.1768 



BIG 



76 



BIO 



bijilga. . . 
candicans 
capreolata . 

alba . . 
CaroLraae . . 
Chamber- \ 

laynii . J 
Chlca . . . 
chirire 2 . . 
chrysantha . 
chrysoleuca . 
Clematis . . 
crenata . . 
cruclgera . . 
decipiens 
diversifolia . 
echinata, 3 . 
elongata . . 
floribunda . 
fluvia'tilis 
gracilis . . 
grandifblia . 
incarnata. . 
indica . . . 
jasiminifdlia 
jasiminoldes. 
lactifl&ra . . 
Iatif61ia . . 
laurifolia . 
Leucoxylon . 
littoralis . . 
lticida . . . 
meonantha . 
mollis, 4 . . 
molhssima . 
multifida. . 
pallida . . 
pieta . . . 
pubescens . 
purplirea . . 
quadran- 1 

gularis . J 
rigescens . 
Rollissbnii 
8allcif61ia. 
serratifolia 
serrulata . 
spectabilis 



Scarlet 6. 

White 

Cream 



Red or. 6. 

Yellow 7, 

T. wht. 7. 
7j 
6, 

T. scar. 8. 
6.' 

i 

Purple 6, 
Purple 
White 4. 
Yellow 6. 
Yellow 4. 
Pur.rd. 6. 
Wt. or. 4, 
purple 6, 
White "' 
Purple 6, 
White 5, 
Yellow 

Pink 5. 
Pk. red 6. 

Pink 6. 



White 
Varieg. 
Yellow 6^ 
Purple 6 



Btaminea . . 

suberbsa, 5 . 

speci&sa . . 

Tweediana . 

tomentosa, 6 

triphylla . . 

tiuiptEera. . 

unguis . . 
variabilis 

venusta . . 

viridiflfira . 



. Pink . 6, 
, Yellow 6. 

Yellow 6. 

Yellow 

'. Purple 6. 

, Yellow 8, 
. White 
.Pink 
. Yellow 6 : 

White 
Scarlet 8 
Yellow 6, 
Y. wht. 6. 
Orange 9 
Green 



S. Ev. S. 6 Madagas. . 1S22 

S. Bv. CI. 10 Cayenne . 1820 

H. De. CI. 20 N. Amer. . 1710 

H. De. CI. 20 1ST. Amer. . 

G. Ev. CI. 10 Carolina . 

S. Bv. CI. 35 Brazil . . 1820 



S. Ev. 
S. Bv. 
S. Bv. 
S. Bv. 
S. Bv. 
S. Bv. 
S. Ev. 
S. Bv. 
S. Bv. 
S. Bv. 
S. Ev. 
S. Bv. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Bv. 
S. Bv. 
S. Bv. 
S. Bv. 
S. Bv. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 



CI. 10 Orinoco . 

CI. 10 Guiana . 

T. 10 Guiana . 

CL 10 S. Amer. 

CL 12 Caraccas 

CI. 10 E. Ind. . 

CL 20 S. Amer. 

CI. 10 E. Ind. . 

CI. 10 Mexico . 

CL 20 Guiana . 

CI. 6 S. Amer. 

CI. 10 Caraccas 

S. 4 Guiana . 

CI. 30 S. Amer. 

CI. 40 Caraccas 

CI. 4 Guiana . 

T. 30 India. . 

CI. 10 Orinoco . 

CI. 39 Moreton B. 1880 

CI. 20 Santa Cruz. 1823 

CL 10 Cayenne . 1823 

CL 20 Guiana . 

T. 10 W. Ind. . 

CI. 10 Mexico . 

CL 10 E. Ind. . 

CL 20 N. Holl. 

CL 10 Guiana . 

CL 10 Caraccas 

CL 10 B. Ind. . 

CI. 12 W. Ind. . 

CL 8 S. Amer. . 1823 

CL 15 Campeachy 1759 

S. 6 S. Amer. . 1822 



. 1819 
. 1824 
.1823 
. 1824 
. 1820 
. 1823 
. 1769 
. 1823 
. 1825 
. 1804 
. 1820 
. 1816 
.1824 
. 1810 
. 1816 
. 1820 
.1775 
. 1826 



. 1804 
. 1759 
. 1824 
. 1823 

'. 1818 
. 1820 
. 1823 
. 1823 



S. Bv. CI. 8 B. Ind. . . 1S23 



S. Bv. 
S. Ev. 
S. Bv. 
S. Bv. 
S. Bv. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
G. De. 
S. Ev. 
S. Bv. 
S. Bv. 
S. Bv. 
8. Bv. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 



CL 15 Caraccas 
CL 10 

CL 10 Trinidad 
T. 20 W. Ind. . 
S. E. Ind. . 
CL 8 W. Ind. . 
CI. 10 Trinidad 
CL 10 Hispani. 
T. 35 E. Ind. . 
CL 10 Uruguay 
CL 10 Buenos A. 
T. 10 Japan . 
S. 6 S. Amer. 
S. 6 Niger . 
CL 10 Caraccas 
CL 10 W. Ind. . 
CL 3 S. Amer. 
CL 10 S. Amer. 



1823 

1824 
1822 
1832 
1820 
1822 
1825 
1820 
1838 
1838 
1820 
1733 
1851 
1759 
1819 
1816 
1823 



BiGNONiACEa:. The tropics of either hemi- 
sphere are the chief station of this noble- 
looking order, whose trumpet-shaped flowers 
are the glory of the places which the species 
inhabit. The great beauty and large size and 
gay colours of the flowers are amongst the 
most striking objects in a tropical forest. 

BJhai. See Helicttnia, BXhaA and Psittacdrum. 

ButJGTJS, yoked together, coupled. 

Bilabiate, having two lips. 

Bilberry. See Vaxcinium myrlAlhis. 

Bilobed, divided so as to form two lobes. 

Bilimbi tree. See Averrhoa Bilimbi. 

Billardiera, Smith. In honour of Julien La- 
billardiere, a French botanist and traveller. 
Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Pittospordxece. Hand- 
some climbers, especially B. longiflfrra, which 
is an abundant flowerer, and produces a hand- 
some blue berry. Good lich open loam mixed 
with peat suits them well, and cuttings root in 



sand, under a glass ; they may also be raised 
from seed. See S6llya and Pron&ya. 
angustif&lia . Cream . 7, G. Ev. CL 10 N. Holl. . 1820 
daphnoides . Y. purp. 5, G. Ev. S. 10 N. S. W. . 1840 
fusifdrmis .Blue. . 6, G. Ev. CL 8 V. D. L. . 1823 
longifl&ra. . Crimson 7, G. Ev. CI. 20 V. D. L. . 1810 
mutabilia. . Crimson 8, G. Bv. CL 6 N. S. W. . 1795 
ovalis . . . Grn. yel. 5, G. Ev. Tu.15 V. D. L. . 1833 
parvlflora . Blue. . 7, G. Ev. CL 10 N. Holl . 1S25 
scandens . • . Purp. . 8, G. Ev. CL 10 K S. W. . 1790 

Billberqia, Thunberg. Named after J. G. 
Billberg, a Swedish botanist. I/inn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Bromeli&cece. ' The species are hand- 
some, especially when well cultivated, the 
flowers are very showy, and in some species 
they are produced in abundance ; for culture, 
&c, see BromMia. Synonymes .- 1, Tilldndsia 
am&na, Bromilia pdllida ; 2, B. melandntha ; 
3, B. iridiflbra ; 4, B. nudicaMis ; 5, B. pyra- 
midMis ; 6, B. tsebrina. 



albicans . . 


White . 


8, S. Bpi. 1 Brazil . 




am&na, 1 . 


Yellow . 


6, S. Bpi. 2 S. Amer. 


'lS17 


blcolor . . 


Ho. blue 


5, S. Epi. 1 Rio Jan. 


1820 


bifrfcns . . 


Red . . 


5, S. Epi. 1 Brazil . 




bivittata. . 


. White . 


5, S. Epi. H S. Amer. 


'i860 


clavata, 2 . 


Blue . . 


2, S. Bpi. l| Trinidad 


1824 


omenta . . 


Blue red 


8, S. Epi. 1 Rio 'Jan. 


1824 


fasciata . . 


. Blue red 


8, S. Epi. 1J Rio Jan. 


. 1825 


iridifblia, 3 . 


. Sea. yel: 


3, S. Epi. 1 Rio Jan. 


. 1825 


liboniana . 


. Purple . 


6, S. Epi. 1 Rio Jan. 


. 1856 


macrocalyx 


Blue gr. 


5, S. Epi. H Bab 1 * 1 • 


. 1858 


moreliana . 


. Pur. cr. 


5, S. Bpi. 2 Brazil . 


. 1848 


nudicaiilis, 4 


Crimson 


5, S. Epi. 2 Trinidad 


. 1822 


polystachya 


. Pur. sea. 


5, S. Epi. 1% Brazil . 


. 1850 


purpurea . 


. Ro. pur. 


10, S. Epi. if Brazil . 


. 1831 


pyramidalis, 5 


. Crimson 


2, 8. Bpi. 2 Rio Jan. 


. 1817 


rhddo-cyanea 


. Blue red 


3, 8. Epi. 1 Brazil . 


. 1854 


thyrsoldea . 


. Crimson 11, S. Epi. 2 Brazil . 


. 1850 


Wetherenii . 


. Redblue 


3, S. Epi. 1 Bahia . 


. 1854 


zeb^na, 6 . 


. Red . 


6, S. Bpi. 1 S. Amer. 


. 1826 



Billi6tia. See BillUia. . 

Bill6tia, /. F. Colladon. After M. Teophila 
Billoti, of Turin. Linn. 18, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Cinchonacece. Interesting and ornamental 
evergreens of easy culture. Synonymes: 1, 
I/eplospe'rmum murgindtum ; 2, L. flexubswm, 
Metroslderos jkxubsa ; 3, L. theceformis, hy- 
pericifblium, Agdnis thecefdrmis. 
acerdsa . . Red . 8, G. Bv. S. 5 N. Holland . 1816 
marginatal . White. 6, G. Ev. 8. 5 N. Holland . 1820 
flexubsa 2 . White. 5, G. Ev. S. 5 N. Holland . 1823 
theasfarmis 8 White . 5, G. Bv. S. 5 K. G. Sound. . 1828 

Binate, two growing together. 

Bindweed. See CowoolmiXm. 

Bindweed. See Smllax dspera. 

Biophytum, Decern. So called from Hos, life, 
and phyton, a plant ; in allusion to the irrita- 
bility of the leaves and pods, which latter 
open when touched. Linn. 10, Or. 4, Nat. Or. 
Oxaliddceae. A very pretty, and when grown 
as in China nine inches high, a remarkable 
annual ; the leaves are prettily pinnated, 
which with the rich yellow flowers, have an in- 
teresting appearance. Cultivated in common 
soil, and raised plentifully from seeds. Syno- 
nyme : 1, Ox&lis sensitlva. 
sensitlvum 1 . Yellow . 7, H. A. } China . . 1823 

Bi6ta, Bon. Named after M. Biot, a celebrated 
French astronomer. Lvrm. 21, Or. 8, Nat. 
Or. Pinacece. Evergreen shrubs, resembling 
Cupressus,' and requiring similar treatment. 
Synonymes : 1, Ouprissus pendMa, O. pdtula, 



BIO 



77 



BLA 



Thuja pindula, C. filifdrmis ; 2, Thuja nopal- 
6nsis, T. tartdriaa, T. orientalis. 

falcilta . . . Apet. 5, H. Ev. S. 10 Japan . . .1860 

froneloldes . Apet. 4, H. Ev. S. 10 Japan . . . I860 

glauca . . . Apet. 5, H. Bv. S. 10 Japan . . . 1860 

japonica . . Apet. 5, H. Ev. S. 10 Japan . . . 1860 

meldensis . Apot. 5, H. Ev. S. 10 Hybrid . gardens 

orientalis. . Apet. 4, H. Ev. S. 20 Japan . . .1860 

pehdula 1 . Apet. 6, II. Ev. S. 10 Tartary. . . 1800 

tartarica 2 . Apet. 5, H. Ev. S. 20 Tartary. . . 1830 

Bi6vulate, containing two ova, or young 
seeds ; seeds before they are mature are called 
ova. 

Birch. See Bitnla. 

Birch. See Cdrpinus Bitulus. 

Birch camphor. A resinous substance, pro- 
cured from the black birch tree {BUula nigra). 

Birchworts. See Betulacece. 

Bird- cherry. See Cirasus pddus. 

Bird-pepper. See Cdpsicum baccdtum. 

BlRD's-BlLL. See Trigonilla ornithcpodioides. 

Bird's-eye. See Primula farinbsa. 

Bird's-foot. See Ornithopus. 

Bird's-foot. See Euphorbia ornithopus. 

Bird's-foot trefoil. See Lotus. 

Bird-lime. A preparation made from misletoe 
berries and holly bark. 

Bird's nests (eatable). See Gelidiivm. 

Bird's nest. See AspUniwm Nidus. 

Bird's-tonoue. See OrnithogUssum. 

Birthwort. See Aristolbchia. 

Bisaccate, having two little bags, or pouches. 

Bisculcate, doubly furrowed. 

BlSCUTATE, resembling two bucklers. 

Biscutella, Linn. Named from bis, double, or 
two, and scutclla, a saucer ; the form o*f the 
seed-vessel when bursting. Linn. 15, Nat. Or. 
Brassicaccce. Interesting plants, adapted for 
rock- work ; they may also be grown in pots 
■with other alpine plants, in loam and peat, 
which suits them well ; increased from seeds. 
Synonyme : 1, coronopifilia. See Megacar- 
pdia. 

ambfgua . . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. i S. Italy . 1820 
apula . . Yellow 7, H. A. 1 Italy . . 1710 

aurieulata . Yellow 7, H. A. 14 S. Europe . 1683 

cichoriifdlia . Yellow 6, H. Her. A. 1 Pyrenees . 1819 
ciliata 1 . . Yellow 6, H. A. 1 S. France . 1820 

Columnra. . Yollow 6, H. A. 1 8. Italy . 1823 

coronopifolia Yellow 6, H. Her. P. 4 Italy . . Ii90 
depressa . . Yollow 6, H. A. j Egypt . . 1811 

erigerifolia . Yellow 6, H. A. 1$ S. Europe . 

oriScarpa. . Yellow 6, H. A. 1 Spain-. .1820 

hfspida . . Yollow 6, H. A. 1* S. Europe. 1824 

tevicata . . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. 1 Italy . . . 1777 
alp&tris Yellow 6, H. Her. P. 1 Hungary . 1816 
leiocarpa . . Yellow 6, H. A. Levant . 1816 

lyrata . . . Yellow 7, H. A. 1 Spain . . 1709 

maritima . . Yellow 6, H. A. 1J Naples . . 1824 

niiciocarpa . Yellow 6, H. A. 1 S. Europe . 1818 

monta.ua . . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. 1 Spain . . 1823 
obovata . . Yellow 6, H. A. 1 Europo . 1817 

raphanifolia . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. li Sicily . . 1822 
saiatilis . . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. 1 £. Europe . 1821 
sempervlrons Yellow 6, H. Her. P. j Spain . . 1784 
stenopltflla . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. 1 Spain . . 1826 

longifdlia. 

Biserrate, twice cut, like the teeth of a saw. 

Biserrula, Linn. Derived from bis, twice, 
and serrula, a small saw ; the pods being fur- 
nished with teeth something like a saw. Linn. 
17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Fab&cece. This genus is 
known by the name of Hatchet Vetch, and 



comprehends an interesting species, which may 
be cultivated in sandy loam or peat, and in- 
creased from seeds. 
Peleolnus . Purple . 7, H. A. 1 S. Europe 1610 

Bish or BlKH. A powerful Indian poison, ex- 
tracted from a species of Aconitum. 

Bishop's-weed. See Ammi majus and Slson 
Ammi. 

Bistort or Snakeweed. See Polygonum Bis- 
torta. 

Biternate, divided into two, thrice over. 

BlTICARlA. See Termin&lia Bitiearia. 

Bitter Almond. See Am$gdalus communis 
amd/ra. 

Bitter apple. See Citcumis Oolocpnlhis. 

Bitter blain. See Vandillia diffusa. 

Bitter damson tree or Slave wood. See 
Simaruba officinalis. 

Bitter oak. See Quircus Oirris. 

Bitter sweet. See Solanum Dulcamara. 

Bitter vetch. See Orobus. 

Bitter wood. See Qudssia amara. 

Bituminous, pitch-like. 

Bivaginate, having double sheaths, or covers. 

BivonJsA, Decan. Dedicated to Antoine Bivona 
Bernardi, a professor of botany in Sicily. Linn. 
15, Nat. Or. Brassicdcece. A pretty species, 
the seeds sown in sandy dry soil, where they 
are intended to remain, will succeed well. 
Synonyme: 1, Thldspi luteum — liltea, 1. 

BlXA, Linn. Its name in South America. Linn. 
13, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Flacourtiacece. These 
trees, if grown from seed, become of a large size 
before they can be got to flower. But if cuttings 
be taken from a flowering plant and struck, 
they may be brought into bloom when small 
plants. Loam and peat suit them well, and 
cuttings root freely in sand, under a glass, in 
heat. 

Orellana . . Pink . . 6, S. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1600 
purpurea . . Purple . 7, S. Ev. T. 15 E. Ind. . 1817 
'tJruourana .Pink. . 7, S. Ev. T. 20 Brazil .1820 

BixACEiE. An order of plants now merged in 
Flacourtidccce. 

Bixads. See FlaamrtiMece. 

Black adiantum. See Asplenium adidntum- 
— nigrum. 

Blackberry. See Rubus. 

Black bryony. See Tamus. 

Black bullace. See Primus insititia. 

Blackburnia, De Candolle. Linn. 4, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Xanthoxyldceai. A greenhouse shrub 
requiring to be potted in equal parts of sandy 
loam and peat, and is increased by cuttings 
and layers. Syntmyme : Ptelca pinnata. 
pkmata . . White . 5, G. Ev. S. 6 Norfolk la. 1829 

Black currant. See Rlbes nigra. 
Black hellebore. See Hellebbrus n\ger. 
Black ipecacuanha. See Pol$gala glands 

losa. 
Black jack. See Quircus nigra. 
Black lac. See MclanorrhMa usitata. 
Black nonsuch. See Medicago lupulina. 
Black olive. See Bbeida Buceras. 
Black pine. See Pinus austriaca. 
Black quitch. See AgrCslis vulgd,ri°. 



BLA 



78 



BLE 



Black saltwort. See Glaux maritime/,. 

Black snake root. See Macrblys racembsa. 

Blackthorn. See Prunus spinbsa. 

Black varnish tree. See Melanorrhdsa. 

Black wattle. See Calllcoma scrratijblia. 

Blackwellia, Comm. In compliment to Eliza- 
beth Blackwell, a botanical artist. Linn. 11, 
Or. 5, Nat. Or. Bomalidcem. The foliage of 
these plants is pretty, but the flowers have 
nothing to recommend them. They delight 
in sandy peat, and are propagated with facility 
from cuttings. 

axillaris . . White . 6, 8. Ev. S. 4 Madagascr. . 1824 
grandifl&ra . White . 8, G. By. S. 6 China . . 1824 
integrifolia . White . 8, S. Ev. S. 6 Madagascr. . 1823 
padifl&ra . . White . 8, G. Ev. 8. 6 Chile . . . 1827 
paniculata . White . 8, S. Ev. 8. 6 Bourbon . 1820 
spiralis . . White . 8, 8. Ev. S. 6 E. Indies . 1820 

Black wood. See MelMnia Melandxylon. 

Bladhea. See Ardisia. 

Bladder catchely. See SiUne inflata. 

Bladder chain. See Durvill&a utilis. 

Bladder ketmia. See Hibiscus tribnum. 

Bladder locks. See A laria. 

Bladder not. See StaphyUa. 

Bladder senna. See Colutm. 

Bladder thread. See Macrocffstis. 

Bladder wrack. See Fucus vesciculbsus. 

BlAria, Linn. In compliment to Patrick 
Blair, a physician at Boston in Lincolnshire. 
Linn, 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Ericcuxce. The species 
are interesting, and may be cultivated the same 
as the genus Erica. 

articulata . Pink . 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1795 
ciliaris. . . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. \\ C. G. H. . 1795 
depressa . . Purple . 6, G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H. . 1816 
dumfisa . . Pink . 6, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1806 
ericoldes . . Purple . 9, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1774 
fasctculata . Purple . 6, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1812 
glabella . Purple . 6, G. Ev. S. 14 C. G. H. . 1816 

musc&sa . . Pink . 7, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. . 1774 
paucif&lia . White . 6, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1812 
purpurea . . Purple . 5, G. Ev. 8. H C. G. H. . 1791 
scabra . . . Purple . 5, G. Ev. S. \\ C. G. H. . 1824 

Blakea, Linn. In memory of Martin Blake, 
an active promoter of useful knowledge. Linn. 
11, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Melastomacece. The species 
are amongst the most beautiful plants of the 
~W. Indies. They grow well in peat, or peat 
and loam mixed ; cuttings taken from quite 
ripened wood, planted in sand, and plunged 
in a moist heat, root readily, 
quinquenervia . White . 6, S. Ev. S. 10 Trinidad 1820 
trinervia . . . White . 6, 8. Ev. S. 10 Jamaica 1789 

Blanching, making white, by being grown in 
a dark place, or by being covered with any 
thing. 

Bland, fair, beautiful. 

Blandf&rdia, Smith. Dedicated to George, 
Marquis of Blandford. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Liliacece. These beautiful species grow 
freely in an equal mixture of sandy loam and 
peat, and thrive planted out in a conservatory, 
much better than when grown in pots. They 
increase from suckers or seeds. See Galax. 
Synonyme : 1, AUtris punicea. 
Backhoilsii . Bed . . 6, G. Her. P. 1J V. D. L. 
Cuimingha- I Red j _ 6 G Her p j N Hoa 

mil ... J 
flammea . . Flame CO. 6, G. Bl. P. 2 Austral. 1849 
grandiSbra . Crimson . 7, G. Her. P. 2 N. S. W. 1812 



intermedia . Yellow . 7, G. Bl. P. 1 N. Holl. 1844 
marginata. . Copper . 7, G. Bl. P. 2 Austral. 1842 
ndbilis . . . Orange . 7, G. Her. P. 2 N. S. W. 1808 

Bland's grape. See Vitn Labrusca. 

Blasia. See Jungermdnnia Blasia. 

BlattAria. See Verbdscum Blaitaria. 

Blattarius, relating to moths, like moths. 

Blazing star. See Helbnias diolca. 

Bleaberry. See Vacclnium uliginbsum. 

Blechnum, Linn. Derived from blechnon, a 
Greek name for a fern. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Polypodiacece. Very interesting species 
of ferns ; they delight to grow in the openings 
of rockwork, in sandy loam and peat mixed ; 
they divide readily at the roots, and may very 
easily be increased by seeds. Synonymes: 
1. canadinse ; 2. stramineum. See Lomdria 
and Woodwardia. 

angustifdlium Brown 7, S. Her. P. 1 W. Indies 
australe . . Brown 6, G. Her. P. $ C. G. H. . 1691 
braziliense 1 . Brown 6, S. Her. P. i Brazil. . 1820 
cartilagineum Brown 7, G. Her. P. J N. Holl. . 1820 
Corcovadehse. Brown 7, S. Her. P. } Brazil. . 1837 
falcatum . . Brown 8, S. Her. P. 1 . 1888 

glanduldsum. Brown 4, S. Her. P. i Brazil . 1823 
gracile . . . Brown 11, S. Her. P. £ Brazil . 1830 
hastatum . . Brown 7, B. Her. P. 1 Chili . .1841 
intermedium. Brown 7, S. Her. P. 1 Brazil . 1841 
lanceolatum . Brown 6, S. Her. P. 3 Brazil 
lanceola . . Brown 9, S. Her. P. J Brazil . 1829 
hevigMum . Brown 7, G. Her. P. 1 N. Holl. . 1821 
longifdlium . Brown 7, S. Her. P. 1 Caraccas . 1820 
occidental . Brown 8, S. Her. P. 1 Brazil . 1823 
pectinatum . Brown 8, 8. Her. P. S S. Amer. . 1827 
polypodioldes Brown 9, 8. Her. P. 1 Brazil . 1829 
serrulatum . Brown 7, H. Her. P. J Florida 1819 
striatum 2 . Brown 7, G. Her. P. J N. Holl. . 1824 
triangulare . Brown 7, S. Hor. P. 1 Mexico . 1841 
trifoliatum . Brown 7, 8. Her. P. J Brazil. . 1841 

Blechum, Jussieu. Taken from the Greek 
name of a plant resembling marjoram. Linn. 
14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Acanthacece. Species of 
considerable beauty ; for culture, &c, see 
Justicia. 

angustifblium . Blue . 6, 8. Her. P. 1 Jamaica . 1824 
braziliense . . Blue . 6, S. Her. P. 1 Brazil . 1824 
Brdwnei . . . White . 6, 8. Her. P. 2 W. lnd. . 1780 
laxifl&rum . . White . 6, 8. Her. P. 1 Jamaica . 1818 

Blepharis, Jussieu. Derived from bfapkaris, 
the eyelash ; in allusion to the bracteas of the 
calyx. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Acanthacece. 
The species are ornamental, and may be re- 
ferred to A cdnthus for culture, &c. Synonyme : 
1, Acdnthus captnsis. 

boerhaaviasfolia . Blue . 7, 8. A. 1 E. Ind. . 1821 

capensis . . . Blue . 7, G. B. 1 C. G. H. . 1816 

fureata .... Blue . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1816 
linearif61ia . . Blue . 7, S. A. 2 Guinea . 1823 

procumbens . . Blue . 7, G. Ev. Tr. 1 C G. H. . 1825 

Blephllia, Rafin. The derivation is from bel- 
pharis, eyelash ; the sepals being fringed. 
Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lamiaceai. These 
species are ornamental, and for culture, &c, 
may be referred to Monarda. 
ciliata . . Bed . . 7, H. Her. P. S N". Amer. 
hirsuta . . Purple . 8, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 1798 

Blessed thistle. See Oentauria benedlcta. 

Bletia, Ruiz and Pavon. In honour of Don 
Louis Blet, a Spanish physician and botanist. 
Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidaceas. This 
is, when in flower, a handsome genus of tuber- 
ous-rooted plants. They succeed well when 
grown in a mixture of sandy peat and light 



BLI 



79 



BOG 



loam, with the pots well drained, and treated 
as follows : — As soon as the leaves die down, 
remove the plants to a cooler house, where 
they should be kept dry for three or four 
months ; then they must be repotted, and 
placed in a brisk moist heat ; and when grow- 
ing, liberally supplied with water. They 
are easily increased by dividing the roots, 
which should be done at the time of potting. 
Synonymes : 1. Limodbrum dltum tuberdsum; 
2. B. pdllida, Cymbidiumfidridum; 3. 0. hya- 
cinthlnum ; 4. C. dltum, Limodbrum dltum; 
5. B. Shephirdii. 

acutipetala 1 . Purple . 9, G. Ter. 4 America. 1831 
capitata . . Purple . 6, S. Ter. 1 W. Ind. . 1795 
catenulata . Purple . 4, S. Ter. 1J Peru . . 1844 
florida 2 . . EoBe . . 2, S. Ter. 2 Trinidad. 1786 
gehlna . . . Wh. violet 4, S. Ter. U Japan . 1846 
gracilis . . . Ylsh. pur. 6, S. Ter. 1$ Mexico . 1830 
guineensis . Purple . 4, S. Ter. 2 St.Leone 1822 
ha\ men is . Purple . 4, S. Ter. 2 Havanah 1835 
hyacinthlna S Ko. pink . 4, S. Ter. 1 China . 1802 
pallida . . . Pink . . 2, S. Ter. 2 W. lad. . 1820 
Parkinsdni . Boss . . 1, S. Ter. 1 Mexico . 1888 
patula . . . Purple . 4. S. Ter. 1 Hayti . 1830 
reflexa . . . Pur. green 8, S. Ter. 2 Mexico . 1833 
secunda . . Grn. crim. 4, S. Ter. 1 Mexico . 1840 
epeci6sa . . Purple . 6, S. Ter. 1 Mexico . 182T 
TaukervillisB . Wh. bro. . 3, S. Ter. 2 China . 1778 
verecunda 4 . Purple . 4, S. Ter. 3 W. Ind. . 1733 
Shcph<5rdii5Eo.purp. 9, S. Ter. 2 W. Ind. . 1S25 
Woodfdrdii . Gr. yellow 6, S. Epi. 2 Trinidad. 1323 

BlIghia, Hortus Kew. Dedicated to Capt. Bligh, 
who first carried the bread-fruit to the W. 
Indies. Linn. 8, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Sapindacece. 
This is called Akee Tree, and is a plant much 
esteemed in Africa and the W. Indies on ac- 
count of its fruit, which is as large as a goose's 
egg, and of a reddish or yellow colour ; the 
arU is eatable, of a sub-acid flavour, and con- 
sidered very grateful, particularly in the "W". 
Indies. It grows in. loam and peat ; and cut- 
tings, with the leaves not taken off, root in 
sand, under a glass. 
Bapida . . . White . 6, S. Ev. T. 20 Africa . 1793 

Blight, a vague term, signifying a pestilence 
amongst plants, caused by the attack of in- 
sects, or parasitical fungi ; or by some epide- 
mic affection of the atmosphere. 

Blimbing. See Averrlida Bilimbi. 

Blistered, the surface being raised, as the skin 
is when blistered. 

BlItum, Limn. The derivation is doubtful, but 
it is most probably taken from iliton, insipid. 
Linn. 1, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Chenopodidceoe. These 
plants are only worth cultivation for their straw- 
berry-like fruit which succeeds the flowers ; 
hence the trivial name Strawberry Blite ; they 
succeed well sown in the open ground. See 
also Amardntus BBtum. 

capitatum . . Apetal . 7, H. A. 2 Austria . 1633 
maritimum . Apetal . 7, H. A. 1 N. Amer. 1825 
virgatum . . Apetal . 7, H. A, 2 S. Eur. . 1680 

chenopodioldes, petiolare. 
Blood flower. See Hcemdnthus. 
Blood-roots. See Hamodoracece. 
Bloodwort. See Sanguinaria canadensis. 
Blue- bottle. See Centaurea cyanus. 
Blue gum tree. See Eucalyptus gUlulus. 
Blue tangles. See Vacciimimfrondosum, 



Bluets. See Vacdmiwm angustifblium. 

Blumea. See Conyza. 

BlumenbACHIA, Schroder. In compliment to 
J. F. Blumenbach. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Loasaceai. The species are ornamental ; for 
culture, &c, see Loasa. Synonyme: 1, Loasa 
palmata. 

insignia 1 . White . . 7, H. Tr. A. } Monte Yi. 1826 
multiflda . Green red . 7, H. A. 1 B. Ayres . 1826 

Boatlip. See ScaphygUttis. 

Bobartia. Dedicated to Jacob Bobart, a wor- 
thy professor of botany at Oxford. Limn. 3, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Iridacece. The species are 
rather showy, and may be referred to Mdrica 
for culture, &c. Synonym.es : 1. Mdrica gla- 
diata, Mordea gladiata ; 2. Morcea spatkacea. 
aurantlaca . Orange . 8, H. Her. P. 3 Belgia . 1827 
gladiata 1 . Yellow . 6, G. Her. P. 1£ C. G. H. 1816 
spathacea 2 . Yellow . 6, G. Her. P. | C. G. H. 1798 

Bocc6nia, Linn. The name is derived from a 
Sicilian monk, named Paolo Boccone, M.D. 
Limn. 11, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Papaveracece. The 
species are ornamental, and B. frutiscens has 
pretty foliage. They are easily cultivated in 
.loamy soil, and increased from cuttings in 
sand, in a gentle heat, placed under a glass, 
frutescens . . Whi. yel. 2, S. Ev. S. 6 W. Ind. . 1739 
integrifolia . White . 2, S. Ev. S. 4 Mexico . 1820 

B&BERA, Willdenow. Taken from Bceber, a 
Russian professor of botany. Linn. 19, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Asteracece. The species are pretty, 
and of easy cultivation. Synonymes : 1. Dys- 
sodia glutinbsa; 2. D. porophtflla. 

brides* I 6 ." } YeIlow • 10 - H - A - J * CaroIiua 1821 
incana . . . Golden . 9, G. Ev. S. 1J Mexico . 1828 

poroph$lla, 2. 

BfflHMERlA, Jacqwin. In memory of George 
Rudolph Bcehmer, a German botanist. Linn. 
21, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Nyctaginacece. The spe- 
cies are uninteresting, and of the easiest cul- 
ture. Synonymes : 1. Urtlca arbarea ; 2. Ela- 
tost&mma montanum. See Parietaria. 
rubescens 1 . Green . 4, G. Ev. S. 8 Canaries . 1779 

castanecefdlia 2, caudala, cylindrica, elongata, 
frondbsa, frutiscens, Mrta, interrupta, lateri- 
fldra, macrophtflla, platyph$lla, ramiflora, 
rotundifolia, salicifblia. 

Bosob<5trys. See Mdesa. 

Boerhaavia, Linn. So called in honour of the 
famous Dutch physician, who is said to have 
been the first of the many friends and patrons 
of Linnseus. Linn. 1, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Nycta- 
gm&cece. The species are of very simple culti- 
vation, and possess but little beauty, 
diffusa. . .White . 9, S. Ev. Tr. I India .1690 
discolor . . Bed . . 8, S. Her. P. 1J Guayaq. 1825 
er&ta . . . White . 7, S Her. P. 1$ India . 17S3 
excelsa . . Bed . . 6, S. Ev. S. S 8. Amer. 1820 
hirsuta . . Scarlet . 6, S. Ev. Tr. 1 Jamaica. 1733 
mutSbilis. . Wht.red 10, S. Her. P. H N. Holl. 1821 
plumbaginea Bed . . 8, 3. Her. P. lj Spain . 1820 
procumbens . Bed . . 8, S. Ev. Tr. 1 E. Ind. . 1800 
scandens . . Green . 8, S. Ev. CL 4 Jamaica 1691 
viscosa . . Scarlet . 6, S. Ev. Tr. 1 Peru . 1821 

Bog-bean. See Menydnthes trifoliata. 
Bog-moss. See SpMgnum. 
Bog-rush. See Schdenus. 



BOH 



80 



BOM 



".} 



Bohea. See Thfct, Bohea. 

Bohun-ttpas. See Antidris toxicdria. 

Bois de chypre. See Cbrdia. 

Bois DE COLOPHANE. See Biirsera paniculdta. 

Bois de conchon. See Hedwigia balsamlfera. 

Bois d'encens. See Teica guianAnsis. 

Bois d'htjile. See Erythroxylon hyperici- 
folium. 

Bois de lettres. See Brosimum. 

Bois de palixahdra, or Bosewood. See 
Physocalprnmu floribunda. 

Boisduvalia, Spach. Linn. 8, Op. 1, Nat. Or. 
Onagracece. See (Enothira. 

Bois perdrix. See Heisteria. 

Bolax. See Astrotriche floccosa. 

Bolb6dium. See Dendrbbium. 

Bolbophyllum, Thouars. From bolbos, a bulb, 
and phyllon, a leaf ; the leaves universally 
rise from a pseudo-bulb. Linn. 20, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Orchidaeece. This is a most singular 
and interesting genus of plants, which to thrive 
well must be grown in a strong damp heat, 
potted, and otherwise treated as the genera 
Epidindrum, Stanhbpea, &c. Synonymes: 1. 
Anisopitalum Oareydnum, Tribrdchia pur- 
purea, Pleurothillis purpurea; 2. Tribrachia 
Mrla ; 3. T. pindula ; 4. 
See Cirrhopitalum. 

adenopeta^ 

lum 4 . 
apiferum 
aurfcomum . 
barbigerum . 
bracte< 'latum, 
calamarium . 
Carey&num 1. 
Chelrii . . 
clandestlnum, 
clavatum . . 
cocdinum . . 
cupreum . . 
cylindricum . 
f ereetum . . 
flavidum . . 
I uscum . . . 
hirtum . . . 
imbricatum . 
lasianthum . 
leopardlnum . 
limbatum . . 
L6bbii . . . 
macranthum . 
miserum . . 
occultum . . 
pavimenta- ) 

turn . . J 
pileatum . . 
radiatum . . 
rectirvum 3 . 
rhizopbbrje . 
saltatorium . 
setfgerum . . 
sbrdidum . . 
tetrag&num . 
umbellatum . 
vaginatum . 

BoLDdA, Lagasca. In memory of D. Boldo, a 
Spanish botanist. Linn. 3, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Nyclagindcece. Ornamental species, succeeding 
in sandy peat, and propagated by cuttings. 
Synonymes : 1. Salpidnthus arenarius ; 2. 
Peumos frdgrans, Ruizia frdgrans. 

fragrans 1 . . Wht. or. 5, 6. Ev. 8. 20 Chili . 1844 
lauceolata2 . Purple . 6, 8. Bv. 8. B W.Ind. 1824 
purpurascens . Varieg. . 6, S. Her. P. 1 Cuba . 1820 



Yellowish 


1, 


8. Epi. \ Singapore 


1842 


Dark red . 


5, 


S. Epi. i Gambia . 


1835 


Yellow . 


4, 


S. Epi. J India . 


1840 


Crimson . 


B, 


S. Epi. i 8. Leone 


1835 


Yel. pur. . 


7 


S. Epi. $ Denierara 


1836 


Yellow 


s, 


S. Epi. J Singapore. 


1844 


Brn. pur. . 


10, 


S. Epi. | Nepal . . 


1823 


Grn. brn. . 


3, 


8. Epi. | Manilla . 


1844 


Straw . . 


1 


S. Epi. $ Singapore 


1838 


Crimson . 


4 


8. Epi. | Mauritius 


1837 


Flesh . . 


10, 


8. Epi. ^ 8. Leone . 


1835 


Copper . 


3, 


S. Epi. i Manilla . 


1837 


Brown . 


3 


S. Epi. j India . 


1837 


Yel. br. . 


4 


8. Epi. i Mauritius 


1834 


Yellow . 


3 


8. Epi. i 8. Leone 


1840 


Chocol. . 


4, 


S. Epi. | S.- Leone . 


1837 


Whitish . 


6 


S. Epi. j E. Indies 


1846 


Purple 


3, 


S. Epi. 'J 8. Leone 


1845 


Purple 


3, 


8. Epi. i 




Yah. grn. . 


3, 


S. Epi. 1 E. Ind. 


1837 


Purple 


2 


8. Epi. i Singapore 


1840 


Yel. brn. . 


3 


S. Epi. % Java . 
8. Epi. | 8. Leone 


1845 


Lemon . 


3, 


1844 




4, 


8. Epi. i India . 


1838- 




2, 


S. Epi. | 8. Leone 




Pur. red . 


4, 


8. Epi. J W. Africa 




Yellow . 


3, 


S. Epi. ^ Singapore 


1844 


Br. yellow 


3, 


8. Epi. | India . 
S. Epi. i 8. Leone 


1836 


Grn.wht. . 


'J, 


1822 


Bed . . 


3 


S. Epi. i 




Yel. brn. . 


12 


8. Epi. i 8. Leone 


1835 


Purple 


4 


8. Epi. £ Demerara. 




Olive brn. 


3 


8. Epi. j Guatemala 1840 


Yel. pur. . 


3 


8. Epi. i 8. Leone 




Yellow . 


3 


S. Epi i E. Ind. 
8. Epi. \ Singapore 


1837 


Brown . 


3 


1840 



Bole, trunk of a tree. 

Boletus, Dillenius. Named from bolos, a mass, 
in reference to its massy or globular form. 
Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Agaricdcece. Curi- 
ous productions, found in woods and groves, 
pastures, and on old trees. The species are 
succulent, and have their parts in the greatest 
perfection of any Fungi. B. granuldtus is eat- 
able, as is B. svi-tomentbsus, and B. edulis ; the 
last is excellent when cooked. The Bottti when 
wounded, heal much in the same manner as 
the flesh of animals. Synonymes : 1. B. rube- 
olus — calbpus, cyaniscens, edulis, lactifl&rus, 
laricinus, luridus 1, luteus, piperatus, scdber, 
s. aurantiacus, s. bovlnus, subtomentosus, s. 
sanguineus, variegatus. 

B6leum, Desvaux. The name is taken from the 
round pods, and is derived from bolos, a ball. 
Linn. 15, Nat. Or. Brassicdcew. An orna- 
mental species, succeeding best in rather 
sandy peat ; it ripens seed, from which it may 
be plentifully increased. Synonyme : 1. Villa 
dspera. 
asperum . . Cream . 6, F. Ev. 8. 1 Spain . . 1818 

Bolivaria, Schlech. The name is given in 
honour of the great Bolivar. Linn. 2, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Jasminacece. An interesting species, 
delighting in a mixture of loam and peat, and 
propagates readily from cuttiugs. 
trinda . . Yellow . 6, G. Ev. S. 2 Chile . . 1828 

Bolt6nia, L. Merit. Dedicated to J. B. Bolton, 
an English professor of botany. Linn. 19, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asleraceoe. Very interesting 
species, so much like some of the genus Aster, 
that they may be referred for culture, &c, to 
that genus. 

asteroldes . . Flesh . 9, H. Her. P. 3 ST. Amer. 1758 
glastifolia . . Pink . 9, H. Her. P. 1J N. Amer. 1758 

BomArea, Berbert. This is a genus divided 
from Alstroemeria. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Amarylliddcece. For culture and propagation, 
see Alstroemeria. Synonymes: 1. Alstrosmeria, 
acutifolia ; 2. A. acutifblia, var. punctata ; 3. 
A. edulis; 4. A. hirtilla ; 5. A. Salsilla. 
acutifblia 1 . Bed yel. . 9, F. De Tw. 6 Mexico, 
aurea . . Yell, red . 8, F. De Tw. 6 Suclley . 
maculata . Gr. red . 8, F. De Tw. 6 Carcoas. 1839 
9, F. De Tw. 6 Mexico. 1829 
7, S. De Tw. 6 Trinida. 1820 
7„ H. De Tw. 3 Mexico. 1824 
7, F. De Tw. 4 Mexico. 
6, S. De Tw. 5 S.Amer. 1806 
6, G. De Cli. 3 Cusco . 1838 
. 1842 
. 1842 
Peru 1842 
Peru 1842 

BombAoe^e. See Sterculidcece. 

B6mbax, Linn. The name is derived from bom- 
box, cotton ; in allusion to the wool in the 
pods. Linn. 16, Or. 8, Nat. Or. Sterculidcece. 
The genus is trivially named the Silk Cotton 
Tree, and the species thrive well in a sandy 
loamy soil ; half -ripened cuttings taken off at 
a joint, and planted in sand, under a glass, in 
a moist beat, root readily. The seeds of many 
of the species are enveloped in long hairs, like 
those of the true Cotton ; it is found, however, 
that they cannot be manufactured, in conse- 



punctata 2. Spotted 



ed&lis 3 . 


. Bed . . 


Mrt6Ua4 . 


. Red yell. . 


Macle&na . 


. Red . . 


Salsilla 5 . 


, fim, m-i-m 


simplex , 


. Pink . . 


subglob&sa 


, 


Tumeriana 




uneif 61ia . 




variabilis . 


. Red yel. 



BON 



81 



BOE 



quence of no adhesion between the hairs. The 
woolly coat of the seeds of some of the species 
is employed in different countries for stuffing 
cushions, &c. The trunk of B. Geiba is spiny, 
and said to be one of the highest trees in both 
Indies ; the wood is light and of little value, 
but is sometimes used for canoes. The wood 
cut into boards, and steeped some time in 
lime-water, will endure the action of the air 
many years. The cotton in which the seed is 
enveloped, is used by the poor inhabitants for 
stuffing chairs, pillows, &c, but is seldom or 
never used for beds, it being thought un- 
wholesome to sleep upon. Synonymes: 1. qum- 
at-wm ; 2, heptaphtfllv/m ; 3, heptaphl/ttum. 
See Gochlosptrmwm, and Eriodindron. 

Celba, 1. . . White . S. Br. T. 100 S. Amer. 1692 
globesum . . White . S. Ev. T. 60 Guiana . 1824 
malabaricum, 2 . Scarlet . S. Ev. T. 60 Malabar 
septenatuni,. 3 White . S. Ev. T. . 60 Carthag. 1699 

Bonace-bark. See Daphne tinifblia. 

Bonana bird's nest, formed of the fibres of 
Tilldndsia usneo\dcs.. 

Bona Nox. See Ipomdea Bbna-N6x. 

Bonapartea, Ruin and Pavon. In memory of 
Napoleon Bonaparte. Limn- 6, Or. 1, Sat. 
Or. Bromeliaceos. This genus has a singularly 
graceful appearance, by the naturally drooping 
tendency of its rush-like leaves. It grows well 
in sandy rich loam, and increases without dif- 
ficulty from seed. See Littfea. 

gracilis . . . Red blue . 5, S. Epi. 1} Mexico . 1828 
jtincea . . Blue . . 5, S. Epi. 1£ Peru. . 1800 

Bonatea, Willdenow. In honour of M. Bonat, 
a celebrated botanist and professor at Padua. 
Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidaccce. A curi- 
ous species, with remarkably formed green and 
white, slightly fragrant flowers. For culture, 
and propagation, see Blitia. Synonyme: 1, 
Orchis spesiBsa. 
specibsa . . . Grn. wht. 5, S. Ter. 2 C. G. H. 1820 

Bondtjc. See- Guilandlna Bbnduc. 

Bonducella, or necklace trees, see Guilandlna 
Bonduc&lla. 

Bongardia, Meyer. In honour of H. G. Bon- 
gard, a distinguished Russian botanist. Limn,. 
6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Berieridacecs. See Lebntice. 

BonnAya, Link. In memory of Bonhay, a 
German botanist. Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Scrophulari&cece. The species are dwarf-grow- 
ing plants of considerable interest ; for cul- 
ture, &c, see Gratibla. Synonyme: 1, Grati- 
bla veroniccefdlia. 

braehiata . . . White . 8, B. A. I Brazil . 1823 
reptans . . . Blue . 7, S. Ev. Cr. i E. Ind. . 1820 
veronicsefdlia, 1 . Pink . 8, S. Cr. B. J E. Ind. . 1798 

Bonnemais6nia, Agardh. Named in honour 
of M. Bmmemaison, a French cryptogamist. 
Linn. 24, Or. 7, Nat.. Or. Ceramiacece. A 
very delicate, finely-branched species, much 
like asparagus, rather plentiful about the sea- 
shore— asparagcides. 

Bonnetia, Schrcber. In honour of C. Bonnet, 
a celebrated naturalist. Liun. 13, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Ternstromiaceoz. An elegant species, doing 
well in a mixture of loam and peat ; ripened 



cuttings in a moderate heat, root freely in 

sand, under a glass. 

palustris . . Red . . . S. Ev. S. 3 Trind. . 1819 

BonplXndia, Cavan. In honour of Aime Bon- 
pland, the companion of Humboldt in S. 
America, and a distinguished botanist. Linn. 
5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Polemoniacece. See 
Caldasia. 

Bontia, Linn. Dedicated to James Bont, a 
Dutch physician. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Wyoporhcece. An interesting plant, with the 
appearance of a Daphne ; it succeeds in loam 
and peat, and cuttings root readily in sand, 
under a glass, in heat, 
daphnoldes . . T. pur. .6, S. Ev. S. 6 W. Ind. 1690 

B6nus Henricus. See Chenopbdium Bbnus 
Henricus. 

Boom-TJPAS. See Antiaris toxicaria. 

Bo6thia. See Platystemon. 

Borage. See Borago. 

Borageworts. See Boraginaceas. 

BoRAGlNACE.ffi. The plants of this Order are 
nearly allied to Labiates (Lamiaceffi), they are 
principally natives of temperate countries, and 
the greater part have succulent stems. 

Borago, Linn. So called from the nourishing 
qualities of the herb. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Boraginacem. Pretty dwarf species, succeeding 
in any common soil, and increased by division 
or seeds. The leaves of B. officinalis may be 
used as a salad, and have been, much' in repute 
as a cordial. See TrichodSsma. 
crassifblia . . . Pink 6, H. Her. P. 2 Persia . 1822 
cretica . . . Blue. 5, H. Her. P. 1 Crete . 1823 
laxifldra . . . Blue . 6, H. Tr. B. 1 Corsica . 1813 
longiffilla . . . Blue. 7, H. A. 1 S. Eur. . 1825, 

officinalis . . . Blue. 8, H. A. 3 Eng. rubhish 

albifl&ra. . . Wht.. 8, H. A. 2J Eng. gardens 

orientalis . . . Blue. 6, H. Her. P. lj Turkey. 1752 

BorXssus, Linn. The immortal Linnreus ap- 
plied this name to- the spatha of the date. 
Linn. 22, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Paimacetz. This 
fine species grows upwards of thirty feet high, 
and yields a fruit the size and shape of a child's 
head ; it thrives well in a mixture of loam and 
peat, and propagates from seeds. From the 
sap of the trunk sugar and wine are made of 
considerable value, 
flahellifdrmis . . Wht. gr. . 6, Palm 40 Kind. . 1771 

Borb6nia, Willdenow. Dedicated to- Gaston de 
Bourbon, Duke of Orleans, son of Henry IV. 
of France. Limn. 16, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Fabacecs. 
The species are very showy when in flower, 
and thrive well in peat and loam ; euttings of 
the young wood planted in, sand, and placed 
under a glass, root freely. Sea Priestleya, 
Rdfnia, and Vascoa. 

barbata . . Tel. . 7, G. Ev. S. 8 C. G. H. 1823 

ciliata . . . . Yel. . 7, G. Ev. S. 2£C. G. H. 1816 
cordata .... Yel. . 8, G. Ev. S. 6 C. G. H. 1759 
crenata .... Yel. . 7, G. Ev. a 4 C. G. H. 177* 
ericifdlia .. . . Pink . 1, G. Ev. S. 8 C. G. H. 1821 
lanceolata . . . Yel. . 7, G. Ev. S. 4 C. G. H. 1752 
ruscifdlia . . Yel; . 7, G. Ev. S. 8 C. G. H. 1790 
trinervia . . . Yel. . 7, G. Ev. S. 5 C. G. H. 1759 
undulata . . . Yel. . 7, G. Ev. S. 4 C. G. H. 1812 

Borderlet. See Limbbria. 
BoRKHAtrsiA, Behmer. Dedicated to Moritz 
Borkhausen, a German professor of botany. 

G 



BOE 



82 



BOS 



Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asteracece. Species 
of no beauty except B. alplna, which is rather 
pretty and interesting ; they are all easily cul- 
tivated. Synonymes: 1, Cripis alplna; 2, 
Mieracvwm stipitatum ; 3, Zag6seris bursifblia ; 
4, Orlpis fdetida ; 5, Lagbseris mtybaaea ; 6, 
L. leontodontoides ; 7, Crepis niccetnsis ; 8, 
Lagbseris raphanifdlia ; 9, Crepis rubra ; 10, 
C. senecioides ; 11, L. versicolor. See Mfio- 
seris. 

alplna 1 . .Yellow . 7, H. A. 1 Italy . .1739 
apargioHdes 2, dspera, bellidifblia, bursifblia 3, 
Candbllei, caroliniana, fcstida 4, graveolens, 
hlspida, intybacea 5, leontodontoides 6, macro- 
phjjlla, nicceinsis 7, raphanifolia 8, rubra 9, 
senecioides 10, Suffreniana, taraxacifblia, ver- 
sicolor 11. 
Bor6nia, Sims. In memory of Francis Boroni, 
an Italian attendant of Dr. Sibthorp. Linn. 
8, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Rutaccm. A very pretty 
and interesting genus of New Holland plants. 
The species flower remarkably free, and some 
may be seen in bloom at almost any time of 
the year. They grow best in sandy peat 
mixed with a few broken shreds, and the pots, 
which should not be large, must be judiciously 
drained, as the plants are very liable to suffer 
from over watering. Cuttings taken at a joint, 
planted in sand, and placed under a glass in a 
frame, observing to dry up the damp now and 
then, will, if carefully tended, make roots. 
Synonymes: 1, B. anemonefdlia ; 2, B. ledi- 
fblia ; 3, B. terminiflbra, grandifldra, lauri- 
folia, pildsa 4, mottina. 

G. Ev. S. 2* N. Hon. . 1825 
G. Ev. S. 2" N. HolL . 1824 
G. Ev. S. 2 Ef. Holl. . 1841 
G. Ev. S. 2 K.Geo.'sSd. 
G. Ev. 8. 2 N. Hon. . 1823 
G. Ev. S. 1J N. Hon. . 1841 
G. Ev. S. 2 N. HoU. . 
G. Ev. 8. 2 Mortn. B. 1841 
G. Ev. S. U Swan R. . 
G. Ev. 8. 2 N. HoU. . 1824 
G. Ev. 8. 2 Swan E. . 
G. Ev. 8. 2 Swan R. . 
G. Ev. 8. 2 N. Hon . 1824 
G. Ev. S. H N. 8. W. . 1814 
G. Ev. 8. li N. HoU. . 1846 
G. Ev. 8. 2 N. HoU. . 1841 



alata . . . Red 
anemonefoHa Eed 
anethifbna . Red 
crenulata . . Red 
denticulata . Red 
dich6toma . Rose 
Drumm6ndi . Rose 
falcifoha . . Red 
floribtinda 3 . Rose 
Frazeri 1 . . Eed 
grandifl&ra . Ruse 
lancifolia . . Rose 
Iatif61ia2 . . Eed 
ledifblia . . Eed 
micropfctflla . Pink 
mollis . . . Eed 
ovata . . . Crimson 5. 
parad6xa . . Eed 
pilonema . . Red 
puosa . . . Pink 
pinnata . . Purp. 
polygalsefolia. Red 
serrulata . . Scar, 
spatulata 4 . Pink 



spectalnlis 
teretif dlia . 
tetrandia . 
triph^Ua 

ledifblia . 
vimfnea . 



. Pink 
. Pink 
. Eed 
.Pink 
.Red 
.Pink 



G. Ev. S. li Swan E. . 1841 



G. Ev. S. 

G. Ev. S. 2 

G. Ev. S. 2 

G. Ev. 8. 2 

G. Ev. S. 2 

G. Ev. S. 

G. Ev. S. lj 

G. Ev. 8. 2 

G. Ev. S. 14 Swan R. 

G. Ev. S. 2 N. HoU. . 

G. Ev. 8. 2 N. Holl. . 

G. Ev. 8. 2 N. Hon . 

G. Ev. S. 2 Swan E. . 



N. HoU. 

N. Holl. . 

Swan E. . 

N. S. W. . 

N. Holl. . 
, N. S. W. . 
■ Swan R. . 

Swan R. , 



1825 
1826 

1794 

1824 
1816 
1849 

1849 
1824 
1840 
1840 
1848 



B6ekeea, Ach. In honour of J. W. Borrer, 
F.L.S., a British cryptogamist. Linn. 24, 
Or. 8, Nat. Or. Parmeliacece. An exceedingly 
interesting genus to the cryptogamist, on ac- 
count of the natural habit of the species— at- 
lintica, chrysophthdlma, cilidris, fldvicans, fur- 
furacea, leucdmela, tenella. See Evirnia. 

BoRBEWA, Meyer. Derivation same as Borrera. 
Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Cmchonaceas. Pretty 



little plants, of easy culture, in any common 
soil ; and cuttings of the perennial and shrubby 
kinds root readily in sand under a glass. B. 
stricta must be treated as a tender biennial. 
Synonymes: 1, Spermacoce verticillata, Bige- 
Ibvia commMa; 2, S. stricta, B. stricta; 3, 
S. verticillata, B. verticillata. 
commutata 1. White . 6, 8. Her. P. 2 W. Ind. . 1S18 
stricta 2 . . White . 7, G. B. 8 E. Ind. . 1820 

verticillata 3 . White . 7, S. Ev. S. 3 Africa . 1732 

BoRRfcmA, De Candolle. Linn. 19, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Asteracew. See Diomedia. 

B6kta, Willdenow. Dedicated to Colonel Bory 
de St. Tincent, a French traveller and pro- 
moter of natural history. Linn. 22, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Euphorbictcece. The species are un- 
interesting, and easily cultivated — acwminata, 
distichophylla, ligustrtna, nttida, porulbsa, pri- 
nddes, retUsa, scorpioidea. 

B<5scia, Lamarck. Dedicated to Louis Bosc, a 
French professor of agriculture. Limn. 11, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Capparidaceas. The species 
is ornamental, and may be referred to Cratfeva 
for culture, &c. Synonyme : 1, Poddria Sene- 
gaMnsis. 
senegalensis . White . . 4, S. Ev. 8. 3 Senegal . 1824 

B6sea, Linn. In compliment to Ernest Got- 
tlieb Bose, a professor of botany in Germany. 
Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Vlmacece. An orna- 
mental species, succeeding in loam and peat 
mixed ; and cuttings in sand, under a glass, 
placed in heat strike readily. 
Yervam&ra . Rufous . . G. Ev. 8. 8 Canaries. 1728 

BossiAa, Tentenat. In honour of M. Bossieu 
Lamartiniere, a French botanist, who accom- 
panied the unfortunate La Peyrouse round the 
world. Linn. 16, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Fabacece. 
The species are neat, elegant plants when in 
flower, and will thrive best in a mixture of 
turf, loam, peat, and sand ; but care should be 
taken that the pots are well drained, as no- 
thing injures them sooner than too much 
water. Cuttings of the half-ripened wood will 
strike if planted in a pot of sand under a glass. 
Synonymes : 1, Bossi&a rtifa ; 2, B. lanceolata, 
Platylbbium lanceolatwm, P. ovatwm; 3, Bos- 
si&a lenticularis ; 4, Platyldbium scolopen- 
driwin; 5. B. virgata. 



buxif6ha 



cordifdlia . . 
dfsticha . . 
ens&ta 1 * . 
eriocarpa . . 
folidsa . . . 
Hendersdni . 
heterophils 
lenticularis . 
linnsBoldes . 
liuopbylla. . 
microphonia . 
ovata . . . 
paucifdlia 5 . 
prostrata . . 
rhombif61ia 3. 
rotundifdha . 
rilf a .... 
Scolopen- ) 
drium 4 ( 
tennicaulis . 
virgata . . . 



YeL . 

Yel. . 

Yel. . 

Yel. . 

YeL . 

YeL . 

Yel. . 
YeL 

YeL . 

YeL . 

YeL . 

Ora. , 

Yel. . 

Yel. . 
Y. brn. 

Yel. , 

Yel. . 

Yel. . 

Ora. . 



5, G. Ev. Tr. 

6, G. Ev. 8. 
5, G. Ev. 8. 
5, G. Ev. S. 

5, G. Ev. S. 

6, G. Ev. 8. 
5, G. Ev. S. 

5, G. Ev. S. 
9, G. Ev. 8. 

6, G. Ev. 8. 

5, G. Ev. 8. 
8, G. Ev. S. 

7, G. Ev. S. 

4, G. Ev. S. 

6, G. Ev. S. 

8, G. Ev. Tr. 
6, G. Ev. 8. 

5, G. Ev. S. 
8, G. Ev. 8. 



1J N. Holl. . 
3 V. B. L. , 

1 N. HoU. 

2 N. HoU. 
6 N. HoU. 

3 K. G. S. 
8 N. Holl. 
8 Swan E. 
3 K. 8. W. 
2J N. HoU. 

2 N. Holl. 

3 N. HoU. 
2$ N. S. W. 

2 N/8. W. 
8 Swan R. 

* N. S. W. 
1 N. Holl. 

3 N. HoU. 
6 N. HoU. 



1824 
1802 
1820 
1840 
1824 
1837 
1824 

1792 
1828 
1824 
1303 
1803 
1792 
1841 
1803 
1820 
1824 
1803 



Yel. . 6, G. Ev. S. 10 N. 8. W. . 1792 



Yel. . 
Y. red. 



4, G. Ev. Tr. 3 V. D. L. . 
6, G. Ev. S. 3 Swan E. . 



1836 
1842 



BOS 



83 



BOV 



Boswellia, Roxburgh. Dedicated to Dr. John 
Boswell, of Edinburgh. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Amyrid&ceas. Ornamental trees of easy 
culture, thriving best in loam and peat, and 
are propagated with facility from cuttings in 
sand, under a glass. The plants of this genus 
are- called Olibanum trees. B. serrata fur- 
nishes a resin which is used as incense, and 
possesses stimulant, astringent, and diaphoretic 
qualities ; B. glabra supplies a coarser kind, 
used for pitching the bottoms of ships. The 
resin of both species is used in India as a 
frankincense and as pitch. 

glfibra . . Pa. yel. . 5, S. Bv. T. 25 Coromand. 1823 
serrata . . Pa. yel. . 6, S. Bv. T. 20 B. Ind. . 1820 

Botany Bat gum. See Xanthorrhiea arbdrea. 

Botany Bay tea. See Sniilax glycyphglla. 

Botany Bay tree. See Smllax glycyphfilla. 

BoTRYADENlA, Fischer and Meyer. From botrys, 
a cluster, and aden, a gland. Linn. 19, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Asterace.ee. A plant easily cultivated 
in the open borders in common soil, and in- 
creased by division of the roots. Synonyme : 
1, Myridctis Gmelini. 
Gmellni 1 . Yel. . . 6, H. Her. P. 1 Russia . . 1836 

Botryapium, or Grape pear. See Amelan- 
chier Bolryapium. 

BoTRifOERAS, Willdenoio. So called from botrys, 
a raceme, and leeras, a horn ; the horn-like 
raceme. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Anacar- 
didcece. An interesting species ; for culture, 
&c, see Bdnksia. 
laurtnum . Gr. wht. . 6, G. Ev. S. 4 N. Holl. . 1823 

Botrychium, Swartz. The derivation is from 
botrys, a bunch ; in reference to the form of 
the fructification, which is much like a bunch 
of grapes. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Ophioglos- 
sacece. The genus is well known by the name 
of Moonwort. The species are curious and in- 
teresting plants ; see Adidntum for culture, 
&c. B. virginicum is the largest of the Ame- 
rican kinds, and is named the rattlesnake fern, 
on account of its generally being found growing 
where those reptiles abound. Synonymes: 1, 
grdcilis ; 2, Osmunda Lwnaria. 

australe . . Brown . 6, P. Her. P. 1 N. Holl. . 1823 
dissectum 1 . Brown . 7, H. Her. P. J N. Amer. 1816 
fumarioldes . Brown . 7, H. Her. P. \ Carolina . 1806 
Ijunaria 2 . Brown . 5, H. Her. P. $ Britain . hills 
obllquum . Brown . 8, H. Her. P. J N. Amer. 1821 
virginicum . Brown . 8, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1790 

B6trys. See Chenopbdiwm B&trys and Eridium 



BotrytAce^;, an order of Fungals usually known 
as mildews and blights. 

Botrytis, Michaux. The name alludes to the 
little round seeds, or seed vessels, resembling 
a bunch of grapes, and derived from botrys, a 
cluster of grapes. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. 
Botrytacece. Minute productions. B. para- 
sitica is found on the plant called Shepherd's 
Purse (Capsilla Bursa-pdstoris) — agarielna, 
cd/na, cinirea, crustbsa, dinsa, diffusa, effusa, 
grisea, lateritia, leucospira, macrospbra, ma- 
rina, nigra, parasitica, polyspora ; vira, vul- 
garis. 

Bottle gourd. See Lagenaria vulgaris. 



Boucer6sia, Brown. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Asclepiadacece. See Oaralluma. 

BouGAlNvfLLEA. " See Buginvillca. 

Bourbon palm. See Latania. 

Bourreria, Gcertner. Named in memory of 
Bourrer, an apothecary of Nuremberg. Linn. 
5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Ehretiacece. Ornamental 
trees of easy cultivation ; for the mode of 
which, seethe genus Ehritia. Synonyme: 1, 
Ehretia Bourriria. 

exsucca . . White . . S. Bv. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1804 
succulenta 1. White . . 8. Bv.'T. 50 W. Ind. . 1758 

Boussingaultia, H. B. and Eunth named this 
genus in honour of J. B. Boussingault, a cele- 
brated naturalist and traveller. Linn. 6, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Basellaeca. This is a most de- 
sirable stove plant, of rapid growth, and bear- 
ing copious and graceful racemes of deliciously 
fragrant flowers. It grows in any common 
garden soil, and may be increased by seed. 
At Glasnevin, near Dublin, the plant has 
stood the winter in the open air, planted 
against a wall. 
baselMdes . White . . 7, F. Bl. P. 6 S. Amer. 1836 

Boutel6ua. See Chondrbshim. 

BouvARDlA, Salts. In memory of Dr. Bouvard, 
superintendent of the royal Paris botanic gar- 
den. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Cinchoniceas. 
This is a beautiful genus, worthy of extensive 
cultivation. B. triphylla is a free flowerer, 
and thrives in a cool part of the greenhouse ; 
B. versicolor is rather more tender, and thrives 
best in a warmer situation in summer, but re- 
quires to be cool in winter. They grow in a 
mixture of loam and peat, and young plants 
may be obtained from cuttings, which strike 
in the same kind of soil, in heat ; they may 
also 'be propagated by pieces of the root, planted 
in good soil, in heat. Synonyme: 1, B. Jacqui- 
nii, Houstbnia coccinea. 

angustifdlia . Bed . . 9, S. Ev. S. 2 Mexico . 1838 
Cavanillesii . Sea. yel. . 5, G. Ev. S. 2 Mexico . 1845 
flava . . . Yel. . . 9, S. Ev. S. 2 Mexico . 1844 

G breghtii } WMte • • 6 ' G - Bt ' S - 2 Mexi0 ° • 
leiahtha . . Scarlet . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 Mexico . 1850 
longifldra. . White . . 9, S. Ev. 8. 2 Mexico . 1827 
multifl&ra . White . . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 Mexico . 
splendena . Scarlet . 9, G. Ev. S. 2 Mexico . 1834 
strigosa . . Yel. red . 8, G. Ev. S. 2 Mexico . 1845 
triphylla 1 . Scarlet . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 Mexico . 1794 
angustifdlia Scarlet . 5, G. Bv. S. 3 Mexico . 1835 
splendens . Scarlet . 8, G. Bv. 8. 8 Mexico . 1888 
- pubescens i Scarlet . 7, G. Bv. S. 2 Mexico . 1794 
glabra . . Scarlet . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 Mexico . 1794 
versicolor . Bed . . 8, G. Ev. S. 2 S. Amer. 1814 
Garden Hybrids : Briaria, Hogarth, Laura, 
Rosalinda. 
Bovey coal is probably the bituminized re- 
mains of a tree which has been named by 
Witham Pinites carbonaceus. 
BovfsTA, Persoon. Latinised from its German 
name bofist. Lmn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Lyco- 
perdacece. Striking productions. Bulliard 
mentions having seen many of them eighteen, 
twenty, and twenty-three inches in diameter ; 
and on the authority of others, he affirms that 
they attain the enormous bulk of nearly nine 
feet in circumference. B. gigdntea is the 
largest of the genus, measuring two feet in 
G 2 



BOW 



84 



BRA 



diameter. The flesh is at first white, afterwards 
of a greenish-yellow, lastly of a brown grey, 
the outer peridium cracks, and peels off in 
large flakes on being handled — gigdntea, nigris- 
cens, plumbea. 

Bowenia. Named in honour of G. F. Bowen, 
the governor of Queensland. Linn. 22, Or. 12, 
Nat. Or. Cycadacece. Singular species lately 
discovered in Australia. For culture, see 
. Cycas and Zdmia. 
specta"bile . Apetaloua 3, G. Ev. P. 8 Australia. I860 

Bowiea, Haworth. In memory of J. Bowie, a 
collector of plants for the Kew gardens. Linn. 
6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Liliacece. Curious plants, 
succeeding in fibrous sandy peat, and multi- 
plied by offsets or suckers. 

Africans . . Bed gr. 10, G. Ev. S. 1J C. G. H. . 1823 
myriacantha Bed gr. 5, G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H. . 1823 

Bowlesia, Romer and Schultes. Named in 
honour of Mr. Bowles, an Irish botanist. 
Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Apiacue. A minute 
curious plant, will grow in any common soil, 
and is increased by divisions, 
tenera . Grn. yel. 7,'F. Ev. Cr. i M. Video . 1827 

Bowstring hemp. See SansevUra. 

Bqx-ELDER. See Neg&ndo. 

Box THORN. See Lpciurn barbarum. 

Box TREE. See BUxus arboriscens. 

Brabejum, Linn. African Almond. ' Named 
from brabeion, a sceptre ; applying to the 
racemes of flowers. Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Proleaceoz. An ornamental tree, succeeding 
best in open sandy loam and peat ; cuttings of 
the ripened wood root without difficulty, in 
sand, under a glass, 
stellatum . White . 3, G. Ev. S. 12 C. G. H. . 1731 

Brachiate, having arms or branches usually 
placed opposite to each other at light angles 
with the main stem, and crossing each other 
alternately. 

BrachtchIton, Sehott. From brachys, short, 
and chaite, a bristle. Plants covered with 
short stellate hairs. Linn. 16, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Sterculiacece. Shrubs or trees of easy culture, 
with fine flowers ; they thrive in loamy soil, 
and increase by cuttings. See StcrcUia. 
Bidwfllii . Eed . . 5, S. Ev. S. Australia . 1850 

Braohtc6me, Cass. From brachys, short, and 
home, hair. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Aster- 
acece. B. ibcridifdlia is a beautiful little an- 
nual, whose flowers vary from dark purple to 
lilac, and white ; it flowers freely in the open 
border, but is impatient of wet towards au- 
tumn, when, if it is taken up and removed to 
the greenhouse, it will continue to produce its 
pretty blossoms during the early winter months. 
It should be sown as a half-hardy annual in 
light soil, covering the seeds very slightly. 
Synonyme : 1, Pyrithrum dwersifdliwm. 
diversifblia 1 White . 5, G. Ev. S. Australia . 1824 
iberidifdlia . Purple . 6, P. A. Swan B. . 1840 
albifldra White . 6, H. A. Swan B. . 1840 

Brachyelytrum, Schultes. From brachys, short, 
and elytron, a wing. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Graminacece. Synonymes: 1, Muhlenbirgia 
ericta, BUepprwm aristabwm.— arist&tum. 



Brachygl6ttis, Forster. From brachys, short, 
and glottis, a tongue. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Asteracece. A plant of easy culture in light 
soil, and propagated by cuttings, 
rep&nda . . Purple . 8, P. Ev. S. 8 N. Zealand 1830 

Brachyl&na, R. Brown. From brachys, short, 
and Icena, cloak ; in allusion to the form of 
the calyx. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asteracece. 
An ornamental plant, for the culture of which, 
see Bdccharis. Synonymes : 1, Bdccluxris ne- 
reifdlia, Tarchondnthus dentata. 
nereifblia 1 . White . 9, G. Ev. S. 4 O. G. H. . 1752 

BrachypOdium, Beauvois. Taken from brachys, 
short, and pous, a foot ; in reference to the 
short stalks of the spikelets. Linn. 3, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Graminacece. Mere weeds, of tho 
simplest culture. Synonymes: 1, TrUicum 
dsperum, Festuca rigida ; 2, TrUicum lolia- 
ceum ; 3, Brdmus pinnatus ; 4, B. rupislris ; 
5, B. sylvdticus ; 6, BrachypOdium nardus — 
dsperum 1, biunciale brevisUum, ccespitdsum, 
distdchyon, Sdlleri, loliaccum 2, longifblium, 
mdximwm, mexicanum, obtusifblium, phceni- 
coldes, pinnalum 3, ramdsum, retusum, rupistre 
4, sirigdsum, sylvdticum 5, tenillwm 6, Teno- 
rianum, tcnuiculum, tenuijldrum, uniololdes, 
unilaterale. 

Braohyramphis, Be Candolle. From brachys, 
short, and rampkis, branches. Linn. 19, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Asteracece. See Lactuca intybacea. 

Braohyrhynchus, De Oandolle. From bra- 
chys, short, and rhynchos, a beak or snout. 
Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asteracece. A 
greenhouse plant, of easy cultivation, merely 
requiring to be grown in light soil, and in- 
creased by division and seeds. See Cineraria. 
albicaulis . Purple . 6, P. Her. P. 2 C. G. H. . 

Brachyris, Be Candolle. From brachys, short. 
Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asteracece. Synonyme : 
1, Solidago Sordthrce. For culture, &c., refer 
to Solidago. 
Euthamise . Yellow . 8, H. Her. P. 1} Missouri 1827 

Braohysema, R. Brown. Derived from bra- 
chys, short, and soma, standard ; the flowers 
having a very short standard. Limn. 10, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Fabcuxce. Very handsome climbing 
species, especially B. latifdlia, thriving well 
in an equal mixture of sandy loam and peat ; 
they are increased by layers, or puttings planted 
in sand, under a glass, in heat, root freely. 
They may also be increased by seeds, which 
are sometimes produced. These plants are 
well suited for training up the columns of 
the conservatory or greenhouse. Synonyme: 
1. B. platfiptera. 

acuminata . Eed . . 5, G. Ev. S. 2 Swan E. . 
aphjlia . . Cr. yel. . 4, G. Ev. S. 2 Swan R. . 1848 
bracteata. . Crimson. 4, G. Ev. S. 2J Swan B. . 1843 
Brumm6ndii Bed . . S, G. Ev. S. 3 Swan B. . 
lrybrida . . Cn. crea. 3, G. Ev. S. 2 Hybrid... 
lanceolata 1 . Crimson. 4, G. Ev. S. 2 Swan B. . 1851 
latif61ia . . CrimBon. 5, G. Ev. CI. 3 N Holl. . 1803 
platyptera . Crimson. 4, G. Ev. S. 3 Bwan E. . 1844 
speoiSsa . . Eed . . 5, G. Ev. CI. S N. Holl. . 
undulate. .Green . 8, G. Ev. CL 8 N. S. W. . 1820 
villdsa . . Crimson. 3, G. Ev. S. 2 Swan E. . 

Brachystelma, R..Bromn. Named from the 
word brachys, short, and, stelma, a crown ; 



BEA 



85 



BEA. 



in allusion to the short coronal processes of 
the flowers. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Ascle- 
piad&cece. Curious plants, growing well in 
sandy loam, and increased by cuttings. 

crlspum . . Br. yel. . 9, S. Tu. P. i C. G. H. . 1829 
tuberosum . Purple . 6, 8. Tu. P. lj C. G. H. . 1821 

Brachystephitjm, De Candolle. From brachys, 
short, and Stephanos, a crown. Linn. 19, Or. 
2, Nat. Or. Asteraceoe. See PyrUhrwm. 

BRACTEA, small leaves placed near the calyx, on 
the peduncle or pedicel. 

Bracteatb, furnished with bractea. 

BraoteoLjE, little bractea. 

Bradleja, Gaertner. In honour of Kiehard 
Bradly, a professor of botany at Cambridge. 
Linn. 21, Or. 10, Nat. Or. Ewphorbiacem. 
Curious plants, of little interest. They suc- 
ceed in loamy soil, and multiply from cut- 
tings. 



nitida . 
sinica . 



. Bed 



. 7, S. Bv. S. 1 E. Ind . 1S20 
. 7, S. Ev. S. 1 China . 1818 



Brake, or Braken. See Pt&ris aquilina. 

Bramble. See Rubus. 

Branching annual stock. See Malcbmia 
maritime!,. 

Brandesia, Marlins. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Amarantaceoe. Synonymes: 1, Ackyrdnthes 
capituliflora. puberula 1, villosa. SeeAchyr- 
dntnes. 

Brands or Blights. See Mucoraccce. 

Brasenia. See Hydropiltis. 

Brasiletto. See Gasalpinia Brasilitto. 

Brassav6la, R. Brown. Named after Antonio 
Musa Brassavola, a noble Venetian, and one of 
the most enlightened botanists of his day. 
Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidacece. The 
plants of this genus are deserving a place in 
every collection of orehidacesB, having, when 
in flower, a delightfully 'fragrant odour. They 
require to be propagated, and otherwise treated, 
as Stanhdpea. Synonymes : 1, Epidimdrum 
cucullatwm, Cymbidium cucullatum ; 2. Cryto- 
pddium ilegans; 3 0. noddswm, Epidindrum 
noddsum. 



acatuis 
angiistata 
cord&ta . 
cucullata 1 
cuspidata 
Digbyana 
elcgans 2 . 
gLiftca . . 
grandiflora 
Sneata 
Martiana . 
nodosa 3 . 
Perrinii . 
rettlsa . . 
tuborculata 
vendsa 



, Cream . 
, Ysh. gn. . 
. TUt gn. 
. White 
. White . 
. Gn. wht. 
. Lilac . . 
. Yellow . 
. White . 
. W. gn.rd. 
. White . 
. Wht. gn. 
. Wht. gn. 
. Wht. gn. 
. Wht. yel. 
. White . 



7, S. Epi. 
6, S. Epi. 

5, S. Epi. 

6, S. Epi. 

8, S. Epi. 

7, S. Epi. 
S, S. Epi. 

8, S. Epi. 

5, S. Epi. 

6, S. Epi. 

8, S. Epi. 
1, S. Epi. 

9, S. Epi. 
3, S. Epi. 

7, S. Epi. 
3, S. Epi. 



$ C. Amer. . 

J Demerara . 
1 Brazil . . 

i W. Ind. . , . 

-5 Trinidad . 
1 Honduras . 

J Antigua. . 
1 Vera Cruz . 
1 Honduras . 
1 S. Amer. . 
1 Berbice . . 
1J Jamaica 
1- Rio Jan. . 
1 Maracaybo. 

} Brazil . . 
1 Honduras . 



1849 



1790 
1839 
1841 



1838 
1852 
1838 
1830 
1831 

1827 
1839 



Brassia, R. Brown. In commemoration of the 
late Mr. Brass, a skilful botanical traveller 
and draughtsman. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Orchidacecs. This is a fine genus of plants, all 
of which are delightfully fragrant when in 
flower. The flowers are mostly yellowish 
green, spotted with purple. For culture and 
propagation, see Stanhopea. Synonymes: 1, 
Epidindrum caudatum, Maldxis caudata ; 2, 



Miltdnia, Clowdsii, OdontogUssum Clowisii; 3, 


B. Wrayce. 


See Hesperoscbrdium and Miltbnia. 


angusta . 


. Yellow . 


10, 8. Epi. 2i Brazil . 


1839 


aristata . 


. Yel. br. 


8, 3. Epi. 1 Guatemala 


1844 


bldens . . 


. Br. yel. 


6, 8. Epi. 1 Brazil . 


1842 


brachiata. 


. Gsh. yel. 


9, 8. Epi. 2 Guatemala 


1843 


caudata 1 . 


. Ysh. gr. 


2, S. Epi. 1 W. Ind. . 


1S23 


Clowesii 2 


. Br. yel. 


8, 8. Epi. 1 Brazil . 


1844 


cochleata . 


. Gr. brn. 


4, 8. Epi. 1 Demerara 


1834 


guttata 3 . 


. Gr. yel. 


8, 8. Epi. l\ Guatemala 


1843 


Keili&na . 


. Br. yel. 


. 8, 8. Epi. 




Lanceana . 


. Ysh.spt. 


1, 8. Epi. J Surinam 


1833 


viridinora 


. Green . 


8, S. Epi. J Demerara 


1833 


Lawrenceana Yel. br. 


4, S. Epi. 1 Brazil . 


1839 


macrosta> 

chya 
macul&ta . 


1 Gm. br. 
. W. spot. 


3, S. Epi. 2 Demerara 


1835 


4, S. Epi. 1 Jamaica 


1806 


ptimila . 
Peruviana 


. Yel. pur. 


8, 8. Epi. J Brazil . 


1844 


. Yel. gn. 


4, S. Epi. 1 Peru . . 


1844 


verrucosa 


. Gn. yel. 


3, 8. Epi. 1 Guatemala 


1838 



Brassica, Linn. From bresic, the Celtic name 
of the cabbage. Linn. 15, Or. 2. Nat. Or. 
Brassicacece. In this genus we have the well- 
known cabbage, with its many varieties, and 
many other familiar potherbs and roots. It is 
wonderful to look upon the common cabbage 
(B. oleracea) with its varieties, and observe the 
exceeding great difference in appearance and 
qualities, particularly when we compare the 
original types as found on our shores, with 
wavy sea green leaves, tending to no head, and 
flowering like wild mustard or charlock, with 
the cauliflower and red cabbage, &c. As their 
culture is generally well known, we shall dwell 
upon it here as briefly as possible ; the cabbage 
and its varieties require a very strong rich soil, 
or they will not come to a good size. The 
turnip also does well only in good rich soil, 
and indeed the whole tribe thrive best in open 
loamy soil, enriched with manure. They all 
produce an abundance of seeds, which must be 
sown at those periods which experience has 
shown to be the best, for bringing their produce 
to perfection at certain seasons. Synonymes : 
1, B. sernpervirens ; 2, Rdphanus cheiranthi- 
fblia ; 3, Sisymbrium valen&num — balearical, 
campistris, e. Napu-brdssica, c. communis, 
c. rutabaga, c. olelfera, c. pabularia, chei- 
ranthifblia 2, cheirdnthos, chinlnsis, elongata, 
Erucdstrum, fruticulbsa, Gravinas, Meleniana, 
humilis, inciina, laevigata, monMsis, montana, 
Napus, N; eseulentus, N. dlbus, N. flams, N. 
nigricans, oleiferus 2, oleracea, o. asparagoides, 
o. cauliflbra, o. communis, o. cdnica, o. cos- 
tola, o. crispa, o. deprfssa, o. elliptica, o. 
gemmifira, o. major, o. obcmat%, o. obUnga, 
o. palmifblia, o. quercifolia, o. rambsa, o. 
rubra, o. sab-Mica, o. sphatrica, o. vulgaris, 
pinnatlfida, polymorphs, precox, Pseudo-eru- 
edstrum, Rdpa, R. deprissa, R. oblbnga, R. 
olelfera, repdnda, Rwlihii, subuldria, Tourne- 
fbrtii, valentina 3, violacea. See also Eritca, 
Erysimum, Erucaria, Moricdndia. 

BRASSici.CE.aE, a large order of plants usually 
known as Crucifers, including the cabbage, 
raddish, and many other useful and showy 
plants. 

Bravoa, LaLlavc. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
LMaaxB. "W. B. Booth, whom Dr. Lindley 
quotes in describing the plant, makes the fol- 
lowing remarks with regard to it : " The plant 



BRA 



86 



BEO 



from which the ahove description was made, 
was cultivated in the stove, but I have since 
found that others grown in a warm greenhouse 
succeeded equally well, and had their flowers 
quite as high coloured. They seem to thrive 
in a light rich loam, and not too much water ; 
I suspect it will ripen seeds, and by them be 
easily increased. It is a beautiful bulbous 
plant." Synonyme: 1, Ocetocdpnia gemini- 
fldra. 

gemuviflora 1 . Bed . . 7, G. Bl. P. 1 Mexico . 1811 
Braya, Sternberg. In memory of Count Bray, 
a German botanist. . Linn. 1 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Brassicacece. Curious minute species, with 
purple flowers. They thrive best in loamy 
soil mixed with a little fibrous peat, and are 
multiplied by seeds. 

alplna . . . Purple 6, H. Her. P. i Carinthia 1823 
pilosa . . . Purple 5. H. Ev. S. J N. Amer. 1827 

Brazilian bark. . See Bemijia. 
Brazilian-mate. See Ilex paraguinsis. 
Braziletto wood. See Cassalpinia BrazilUto. 
Brazilian tea. See Ilex paraguinsis. 
Brazilian tea. See Slachytarphcta Jamai- 



Brazil nuts. See BertlwllUia, cxcilsa. 

Brazil wood. See Cassalpinia. 

Bread fruit. See Artocarpus. 

Bread nut. See Brdsimum Alicdstrum. 

Bread root. See Psoralea escuUnta. 

Bread tree or Brood-boom. See Zarnia 
Odffra. 

Brbmontiera, Dec. In memory of M. Bre- 
montier, an agriculturist. Linn. 17, Or. 4, 
Nat. Or. Fabdceoz. An ornamental interesting 
plant, thriving in sandy loam, and is multi- 
plied by cuttings in sand, under a glass, in 
heat. 
Ammoxylon . Purple . 4, S. Ev. S. 3 Mauritius 1826 

Breweria, Don. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Convolimlacece. Synonyme: 1, Ipomdsa semi- 
digfina. For culture, &c, see Ipomdm. 
Eoxburghii 1 . White . 7, S. Ev. CI. 8 B. Ind . 1826 

Brexia, Nororiha, Named from brexis, rain ; 
on account of the protection afforded against 
rain by some of the large leaves. Linn. 5, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Brexiacece. Excellent stove 
plants, with very beautiful foliage. They all 
grow freely and look well planted in large 
pots, in turfy loum and peat mixed. Cuttings 
take readily in any state, except that the leaves 
must not be moved, planted in sand, under a 
glass, in heat. A bud at the base of an entire 
leaf will strike, and make a young "plant, if 
put in a little sand, under a glass, and put in 
the propagating house, 
chrysophylla Green . 6, S. Ev. T. 25 Mauritius 1820 

"riSr* ] Green • 6 ' S - Et - T ' 25 Mada g as - 18 1 2 
spinbsa . . Green . 6, S. Ev. T. 25 Madagas. 1812 

Brexiaceje, a small order of trees and shrubs, 

natives of tropical countries. 
BreXLADS. See Brexiacece. 
Briancon manna. See Larix. 
Briar (sweet). See JRdsa rubigindsa. 
Bridelia, Willdenow. Named after the great 

muscologist, Professor Bridel. Linn. 23, Or. 1, 



Nat. Or. Euphorbiacece. Small shrubs or trees, 
with little beauty, and easily cultivated, Sy- 
nonyme : 1, Clusia scdndens. 
montana . . Apetal . 6, S. Bv. T. 25 E. Ind. . 1825 
scandens 1 . Apetal . 8, S. Ev. CI. 20 E. Ind. . 1801 
spindsa . . Apetal . 6, G. Ev. S. 4 E. Ind. . 1803 

Bridgesia. See Ercilla, Polyachyrus, and 
Tripterocarpus. 

Briqnole plums. See Primus. 

Brign6lia, Bertolini. Named in compliment 
to J. L. Brignoli, a professor at Vienna. Linn. 
5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Apiacece. A species of 
trifling beauty and easy culture. Synonyme : 
1, Sium siculum. 
panaeifblia 1. White . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Sicily . 16S6 

BRlLLANTAfsiA, Palis. Derivation not known. 
Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Acantliacece. A 
genus of showy plants at present little known. 
For culture, see Justicia. 
Owari&isis . Vio. bl. . 6, S. Ev. S. 3 S. Leone. 1853 

Brinjals. See Solanum Melongina. 

Bristles, rigid hairs. 

Bristleworts. See Desvauxiacece. 

Bristly-toothed, bristles like teeth, or with 
the teeth ending each in a bristle. 

British-tobacco. See Tussilago Pdrfara. 

Brittleworts. See DiatomcXcece. 

BrIza, Linn. Named from ■■brim, to nod, on 
account of the quaking character of the spike- 
lets. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Gramindcece. 
Although mere weeds, some species are pretty 
and interesting, as B. minor, rubra, GlUsii, 
&c. The whole are of easy cultivation. 
Clasii . . . Apetal . . 6, Grass 1 S. Eur. . 1820 
elatior. . . Apetal . . 7, Grass 1£ Greece . 1817 
geniculata . Apetal . . 7, Grass 1 C. G. H. . 1816 
humilis . . Apetal . . 6, Grass £ Caucasus. 1825 
maxima . . Apetal . . 6, Grass l| S. Bur. . 1633 
media . . . Apetal . . 5, Grass l| Brit., mead, 
minor. . '. Apetal . . 7, Grass % Eng.,co. fields, 
rubra . . . Apetal . . 6. Grass 1 S. Eur. . 1820 
vlrens . . . Apetal . . 6, Grass 1£ Spain . .1800 

British tea, often made from Elm leaves. 

Broad seed. See Vlospermum. 

Broccoli. See Brdssica. 

Brodi JkA, Sir J. E. Smith. In honour of James 
J. Brodie, a Scotch Cryptogamist. Linn. 3, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Liliaccce. Very curious bulbs, 
with lilac, blue, and white flowers. They may 
be successfully grown in sandy peat, and in- 
creased chiefly by offsets of the root. Syn- 
onymes: 1, LTookeria coron&ria. See Leuco- 
cdryne. 

alliaeea . . White . 6, H. Bl. P. 1 Chili . . 1825 
californica . Blue . . 6, H. BL P. 1 California 1848 
congesta . . Blue . . 7, G. Bl. P. 1 Georgia . 1806 
grandifldra 1. Blue . . 6, F. Bl. P. 1} N. Amer. 1806 
ixioldes . . Lilac . . 8, H. Bl. P. 1 Chili . . 1821 

Brome-grass. See Brdmus. 

Bromelia, Linn. So called after Olaus Bromel, 
a Swedish botanist. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Bromeliaceas, This is a genus of very hand- 
some plants, among which the Pine Apple was 
lately included. They are of easy culture pro- 
viding they have a sufficiency of heat, and are 
potted in good rich open loamy soil, they must 
be watered carefully, that is, giving a good 
supply when growing, but in the winter a very 
little is sufficient. The pots should be well 
drained, and as the plants are, like the Pine 



BRO 



87 



BRO 



Apple, subject to injurious attacks of the scale, 
&c, they should be carefully looked over and 
washed ; indeed, these plants may be said to 
do best with the treatment successfully applied 
to the Pine Apple. Rope is manufactured 
from a species of the genus in Brazil, called 
Grawartha. See Anandssa and Bilbirgia. 
Acanga . . Pink . 6, S. Her. P. 2 Brazil . 1822 
bracteata. .Pink . 9, 8. Her. P. 2 Jamaica . 1785 
chrysantha . Blue . 4, 8. Her. P. 2 Caraccas. 1819 
cruenta . . Blk. w. 8, S. Her. P. 2 Bio Jan. . 1824 
discolor . . Pink . 4, 8. Ev. 8. 2 S. Amer. 
exsildans. . Yellow 10, Epiphy. 2 W. Ind. . 1820 
fastuosa . . Purple 8, 8. Her. P. 4 8. Amer. 1816 
humilis . . Pink . 8, 8. Her. P. 1 1789 

Karatas . . Pink . 3, 8. Her. P. 2 W. Ind. . 1739 
lingulata . . Yellow 5, 8. Her. P. l\ 8. Amer. 1759 
longifolia. . Pur.ro. 5, 8. Ev. P. 4 Guiana .1846 
paniculigera. Pink . 5, 8. Her. P. 2 W. Ind. . 1822 
Pinguin . . Red . 3, 8. Her. P. 3 W. Ind. . 1690 
Bemiserrata . Green . 3, S. Her. P. 8 8. Amer. 
sesBilifl&ra . Pink . 7, 8. Her. P. 3 8. Amer. 1826 
sylv&tris. . Crim. . 7, 8. Her. P. 3 S. Amer. 1820 

Bromeliace^b, an order of stemless or short- 
stemmed plants, often with gay flowers, and 
in some cases, as the pine apple, with excellent 
fruit. 

Bromelworts. See Bromeliaeeas. 

Bromheadia, Lindley. In honour of Sir Ed- 
ward Ffiench Bromhead, Bart. , F. R. S. Linn. 
20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidacece. A curious 
plant, in habit like Epidindrvm elong&tum, 
and requiring similar treatment. Synonym : 

1, Grammatophgllvm Finlaysonianwm. 
palustiia 1 . White . . 5, 8. Epi. 2 Smgapre. 1843 

Brompton Stock. See Mathiola simpUcicaHlis." 
BROMtrs, Linn. So called from bromos, the 
Greek name for a wild oat. Linn. 3, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Gramimdxece. The whole are unin- 
teresting, and in point of culture simply 
managed. Synonymes: 1, Festuca gigdntea; 

2, F. triflbra—Alopecurus, aMssimus, arvlnsis, 
. dsper, austr&lis, Bieberstelnii, ciliatus, comma- 

tatus, confirtus, elongatus, erectus, festucoldes , 
Gaudlni, giganMus 1, G. longifdlius, G. tri- 
Jidrus 2, glaucus', MrsvMssimus, foOmiilis, jubd- 
tus, lanceolMus, lanugmbsus, l&xus, HgHsticus, 
longiflbrus, madritinsis, rndximus, mollis, mul- 
iiflbrw, parvifldrus, pendulmus, pilbsus, pra- 
Untis, pubtecens, plk-gans, racemdsa, rigidus, 
scoMrrimus, Schradbri, scopoyrius, secalinus, 
squarrbsus, stmophfihos, sUrilis, tectbrwm, tbr- 
tilis variegatus, velvMnus, vesMus, wlgensis; 
Willdmbmi. See Brachypddium, Kostrana, 
Trich&ta. 
Brongniartia, Humb. B<mpl. and Kwnth. In 
honour of M. Adolphe Brongniart, a French 
botanist. Linn. 17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Fabacew 
B. podalyrioides has -fine, flesh-coloured 
flowers. It is cultivated best in loam and peat, 
with a little sand ; and increased by cuttings 
in sand, in heat, under a glass, 
podalyrioldes Flesh . 9, G. Ev. S. 1 N. Spain . 1827 
sericea . . Purple . 9, S. Ev. 8. 1 Mexico . . 1843 

Brood-boom. See Zamia Odffra. 
Brook-bean. See Menydnthes trifoliata. 
Brook-lime. See Verdnica Beccabtmga. 
Brook weed. See Sdmolus. 
Broom. See Cfflisus, Lygewm, Spartium. 
Broom-cypress. See Sochia. 



Broom-rape. See Orobdnene. 

Br6simum, Swarlz, Named from brosimos, good 
to eat ; in allusion to the eatable fruit. Linn. 
23, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Artocoyrpacece. A licdstrum 
is common in the woods of Jamaica ; the tim- 
ber is not despicable, but the leaves and young 
branches are more useful, and a hearty fatten- 
ing fodder for all sorts of cattle. The fruit, 
boiled with salt fish, pork, or beef, or pickle, 
has frequently been the support of the negroes 
and poorer sorts of white people in times of 
scarcity, and proved a wholesome and not un- 
pleasant food ; when roasted, it eats something 
like our common chestnut, and is called bread- 
nut. The leaves and young shoots are full of 
gum, which renders them disagreeable to most 
cattle at first ; but they soon grow very fond of 
them. B. spwrium is also common in woods 
in the W. Indies ; but its timber is of little 
yalue. In our stoves all the species thrive 
well in loamy soil, and old cuttings with their 
leaves on, root in sand, in moist heat. 
Alicastrum . Apetal . 5, S. Ev. S. 6 Jamaica . 1776 
microcarpum Apetal . 5, 8. Ev. 3. 6 Jamaica . 1828 
spurium . . Apetal . 5, 8. Ev. S. 6 Jamaica . 1789 

BrossAa, Linn. Named after Gui de la Brosse, 
physician to Louis XIII. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Vaceiniaceos. This plant is a shrub, almost 
like a cistus, with scarlet flowers half an inch 
long. It will grow in sandy peaty soil, and is 
raised from cuttings in sand, 
coccinea . Scarlet . 6, S. Ev. 8. 4 8. Amer. . 

Brotera, Wild. So called, in memory of Felix 
A. Brotero, a Portuguese botanist, and pro- 
fessor at Coimbra. Linn. 19, Or. 5, Nat. Or. 
Asteraceos. An interesting plant, with blue 
flowers, grows in loam, mixed with peat, and 
propagates by dividing the roots. Synonyme .- 
I, Onobroma corymbbsa. See NauemMrgia, 
and Penldpetes. 
corymbbsa . Blue . 6, H. Her. P. 2 S. Eur. . 1640 

Brought6nia, Brown. In honour of Mr. 
Arthur Broughton, an English botanist. Linn. 
20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidacece. The species are 
all very desirable plants, producing their fine 
flowers in terminal racemes. They require a 
free supply of water when in a growing state. 
For culture and propagation, see Stanhbpea. 
Synonymes: 1, Lcelibpsis Dominginsis j 2, 
Lendrbbiwm sangulneum, Epid6ndrmn san- 
gv&newm, Broughtonia lilarHma. See Cattleya. 
ailrea . . . Yel. red . 3, S. Epi. 1 Mexico . 1836 
coccinea 1 . Scarlet . . 4, S. Epi. 1J S. Domin. 1848 
nltida . . . Red . . . 6, 8. Epi. H E. Ind. . 1824 
sangufnea 2 . Crimson . 8, S. Epi lj Jamaica . 1793 

BrousSONETIA, Ventenat. In compliment to 
P. N. V. Broussonet, a French naturalist and 
traveller. Linn. 22, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Moracece. 
Ornamental and fast-growing fruit trees, with 
lar»e, various-shaped leaves, which differ in the 
male and female plants, so much as not to be 
easily distinguished one from the other. The 
fruit is no larger than peas ; and in China and 
Japan B. papyrtfera is cultivated for the sake 
of its young shoots, which are used in the 
same manner as osiers here ; the outer bark, 
when separated from the wood and inner bark, 



BEO 



88 



BRU 



will make tolerably good paper. The juice is 
also used in China as glue in gilding leather 
and paper. From the bark of this tree is made 
the finest and whitest cloth, worn by the 
highest ranks in Otaheite and the Sandwich 
Islands. The cloth of the bread-fruit tree is 
inferior in whiteness and softness to it, conse- 
quently worn by the commoner people. They 
grow in any open soil, and increase readily by 
cuttings. Synonymes : 1, Mdrus papyrifera ; 
2, B. spathulala, B. navicularis. See Mac- 
lilra. 

papyrifera 1 . Apetal . 2, H. De. T. 12 Japan . 1751 
cueullata2. Apetal . 2, H. De. T. 12 France . 1824 
frnctu albo. Apetal . 2, H. De. T. 12 Japan 
spatulata. . Apetal . 2, H. De. T. 12 Japan . 1824 

BROWALLIA, Linn, Named in honour of J. 
Browallius, bishop of Abo. Linn. 14, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Scrophulariacece. Very handsome 
plants, on account of their bine and white 
flowers. They are easily cultivated in common 
soil, if sandy, much the better, and increased 
by seeds. Synonyms : 1, B. Idctea. 
abbreviata . Blue . . 6, G. A. 1£ 
demfssa . . Blue . . 8, G. A. J S. Amer. 1735 
elita . . . Blue . . 8, G. A. 1 Peru . . 1768 
elongata 1 . Blu. wM. 7, G. A. 1} 
grandifldra . Lilac . . 7, G. A. 2 Peru . . 1829 
Jamestmi . Orange . 6, G. Ev.S. 4 N. Gren 1847 
speeiosa . . Purple . 6, G. A. 2 Tolima . 1847 
visc6sa . . Purple . 6, G. A. 1$ 

Br6wnea, Wild. In memory of Dr. Patrick 
Browne. Linn. 16, Or. 3, Wat. Or. Fabacece. 
This, though rare in our collections, is a splen- 
did genus. The species succeed in sandy loam 
and peat, if the pots be well drained, and the 
soil carefully watered, particularly in winter. 
Cuttings of the ripe wood planted in sand, in a 
moist heat under a glass, may be brought to 
root. Synonyme : 1, B. specidsa. 
Arlza . . Bed . . 6, S. Bv. T. 30 Bogota . 1843 

coccinea . . Scarlet . 7, S. Bv. S. 6 W. Ind. . 1793 
ereeta . . . Scarlet . 7, S. Bv, S. 8 S. Amdr. 
gr&idiceps . Bed . . 6, S. Bv. S. 6 Caraccas . 1829 
latifdlia . . Scarlet . 5, S. Bv. S. 6 Trinidad. 1824 
racemdsa . . Eose . . 7, S. Bv. S. 6 Caraccas . 1826 
rosea 1 . . Scarlet . 7, S. Bv. S. 8 Trinidad. 1820 

Brown-gum tree. See Eucalyptus robHsta. 

Brownl6wia, Roxburgh. In compliment to the 
late lady Brownlow, daughter of Sir A. Hume. 
Limn. 13, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Tiliace.ce. A large, 
tall-growing tree, of considerable beauty, 
thriving in a sandy, loamy soil, and increased 
by cuttings without difficulty, 
elata . . Yellow . 5, S. .Ev. T. 00 E. Ind. . 1820 

Brucea, L. Heritier. In memory of J. Bruce, 
the traveller in Abyssinia. Linn. 12, Or. 4 
Nat. Or. Xanthoxylaceoz. Evergreen ornamen- 
tal shrubs, thriving in an open loamy soil, 
mixed with a little peat ; and propagated from 
half or wholly ripened cuttings, in sand or soil, 
under glass. See Tetradium. 
ferrugtnea . Green . 4, S. Ev. S. 6 Abyssinia 1775 
gracilis . . Yol. grn. 5, S. Ev. S. 6 E. Ind. . 1820 
sumatrana . Green . 5, S. Ev. S. 10 B. Ind. . 1820 

Brugmansia, Persoon. Named in honour of 
Professor S. J. Brugmans. Linn. 5, Or. 1 
Nat. Or. Solanacece. The species of this genus 
are among the greatest ornaments of our con- 



servatories ; B. arborea in particular ; this 
species never thrives well but when planted out 
in a border, and must be plentifully watered, 
allowing plenty of room for the branches ; thus 
treated, the number, size, and fine white 
colour of the flowers will be surprising. All 
the species are great feeders, and require good 
soil, and a deal of room to grow them fine. 
They are easily propagated from cuttings ; or 
the eyes taken off like vines, and put in good 
soil in heat, will strike readily. Synonymes : 
1, sanguined; 2, Datura arbbrea; 3, D. ar- 
bbrea, B. Qardmiri ; 4, Datura cornlgera. See 
Juanullba. 



blcolor 1 . 


Dk. red 


8, G. Ev. S. 


20 Peru . . 1833 


Candida 2 


White 


8, G. Ev. S. 


10 Peru . . 1813 


cornfgera 4 


White 


8, G. Ev. S. 




floribunda 


Orange 


6, S. Ev. S. 


10 S. Amer. 1838 


Knlghtii . 


White 


G. Ev. S. 




suaveolens 3 


White 


8, G. Ev. S. 


15 Peru . . 1733 


flava . . 


Sulphur 


8, S. Ev. T. 


15 gardens 


Waymanii 


W. pur. 


5, S. Ev. T. 


4 S. Amer. 1827 



BruniAce./E, a small order of plants growing 
like heaths, principally natives of the Cape of 
Good Hope. 

Brunia, Linn. In memory of Cornelius Brun, 
a traveller in the Levant and Russia. Linn. 
5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Bruniacece. This, observes 
Mr. Sweet, is a pretty Cape genus ; its species 
are little bushy shrubs, with heath-like leaves, 
and are hansomest while young. The flowers 
are not so showy as in many other genera, but 
some of them are very elegant. A sandy peat 
soil suits them best, with a moderate supply of 
water ; young cuttings, planted in sand under 



a bell-glass, strike root freely.' — Bot. Cult. 
See Berardid, Berzelia, Saspalia, Staavia. 



153. 



abrotanoldes 


White 


. 6. G. Ev. S. 


1J 


C. G. H. 


1787 


alopecuroldes 


White 


. 7, G. Ev. S. 


1 


C. G. H. 


. 1816 


arachnoldea 


White 


. 6, G. Ev. S. 


8 


C. G. H. 


. 1820 


ciliata , . 


White 


. 6, G. Ev. S. 


1 


C. G. H. 


. 1812 


com&sa . 


White 


. 7, G. Ev. S. 


3 


C. G. H. 


. 1820 


dehsta . , 


White 


. 7, G. Ev. S. 


1 


O. G. H. 


. 1820 


elegans 


White 


. 7, G. Ev. S. 


2 


O. G. H. 


1817 


ericoldes . 


White 


. 7, G. Ev. S. 


3 


C. G. H. 


. 1804 


formbsa . 


White 


. 6, G. Ev. S. 


2 


C. G. H. 


. 1817 


fragarioldes 


White 


. 6, G. Ev. 8 


1 


C. G. H. 


1794 


globosa 


White 


. 7, G. Ev. S. 


2 


G. G. H. 


1816 


hirstita 


White 


. 7, G. Ev. S. 


2 


O. G. H. 


1820 


l&vis . . 


White 


. 7, G. Ev. S. 


2 


C. G. H. 


1822 


lanugindsa 


White 


. 6, G. Ev. S. 


2 


C. G. H. 


1774 


Mxa . . 


White 


. 7, G. Ev. S. 


2 


C. G. H. 


. 1805 


macrocephala White 


. 6, G. Ev. S. 


3 


C. G. H. 


1815 


macroph^lla 


White 


. 7, G. Ev. S. 


2 


C. G. H. 


. 1815 


microph^lla 


White 


. 6, G. Ev. S. 


1 


C. G. H. 


. 1804 


nodiflora . 


White 


. 7, G. Ev. S. 


4 


C. G. H. 


. 1786 


paleacea . 


White 


. 6, G. Ev. S. 


2 


O. G. H. 


. 1791 


phylicoldes 


White 


. 6, G. Ev. S. 


2 


C. G. H. 


. 1R05 


plumosa . 


. White 


. 7, G. Ev. 8. 


2 


C. G. H. 


. 1824 


equarrbaa . 


White 


. 7, G. Ev. S. 


2 


C. G. H. 


. 1820 


superba , 


White 


. 6, G. Ev. S. 


4 


O. G. H. 


. 1791 


verticillata 

TDTTTCTT A TlO 


White 


. 7, G. Ev. S. 


3 


C. G. H. 


. 1794 



BRDNNfoHlA, Banks. Named in memory of one 
E. Brunnich, a Danish naturalist. Linn. 10, 
Or. 3, Nat. Or. Polygonacece. An evergreen 
climber, of some merit ; it grows readily iu a, 
loamy soil, and roots freely from cuttings, 
cirrhdsa . . Pink . 7, G. Ev. CI. 6 Carolina . 1787 

Brun6nia, Smith. Named iu compliment to 
Robert Brown, Esq., D.C.L., &c, &c. Linn. 
5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Brunoniaceae. A most 
interesting fragrant perennial; for the growth 



BRU 



89 



BRY 



of which, a frame or cool greenhouse is recom- 
mended, 
australis . . Blue . 5, H. Her. P. 1 N. Holl. . 1834 

BRTJNONi2.CE.ffi, a very small order, consisting 
of only one genus of small herbaceous plants. 

Brunoniads. See Brunonidcece. 

Brunsfelsia, Linn. In memory of Otho Bruns- 
fels, of Mentz, a carthusian monk and physi- 
cian. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Scrophula- 
riacece. Handsome -growing, fine-flowering 
shrubs, with neat foliage, and showy white or 
purple flowers. They succeed well in a good 
rich soil ; and cuttings root readily in sand 
or soil under a glass, in heat. See Fran- 
Clscea. 



americana . Pa. yel. 

angustif dlia Fa. yel. 

latif&lia . . Pa. yel. 
montana . . "White . 
nitida . . . Pa. yel. 

Jamaieensis Yellow 
undulata . . White . 
violacea . . Livid 



. 6, S. Ev. S. 
. 7, S. Ev. S. 
. 6, S. Ev. S. 
. 7, S. Ev. S. 
. 6, S. Ev. S. 
. 6, S. Ev. 8. 
. 6, S. Ev. S. 
. 7, S. Ev. S. 



4 W. Ind. . 1735 
4 W. Ind. . 
4 V. Ind. . 
4 S. Amer. 1820 
4 W. Ind. . 1840 
4 Jamaica . 1844 
4 Jamaica . 1780 
4 W. Ind. . 1815 



BRUNSvfGIA, Ker. So called in honour of the 
family of Brunswick. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Amarylliddceos. This is a beautiful genus 
of bulbous plants ; " some of the bulbs grow 
to a great size, and require large pots to 
have them flower in perfection ; or if planted 
out in the open borders in spring, there 
will be a better chance of their flowering ; 
taking the bulbs up again in autumn, and 
keeping them through the winter ; or the best 
way to succeed well with them is to have a 
pit built on purpose, so as to be occasionally 
covered with the lights to keep off too much 
wet, and to be covered close in severe wea- 
ther, as they cannot bear the frost ; the mould 
must be made for them of full one-third sand, 
more than one-third of turfy loam, and the 
rest peat ; all well mixed together, but not 
chopped too small, as the roots run better 
through it for being rough and hollow ; when 
in full growth and in flower they require a fre- 
quent supply of water, but none while dor- 
mant ; all the greenhouse species of Amarfl- 
lidacece will succeed best in this way." Bot. 
Cult. 180. Synonymes: 1, Hxmdnthus cili- 
aris ; 2, Ammdcharis cordnica; 3, Amaryllis 
cordnica, pdllida ; 4, disticha, BupAane dis- 
ticha; 5, Ammicharis falcata; 6, Amaryllis 
laticdma, Nerine laticbma ; 7, Amaryllis orien- 
t&lis ; 8, Hoemdnihus toxicarius. 
ciliaris 1 . . Black . 8, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1752 
coranica 2 . Pink . 9, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1815 
pallida 8 .Pale. . 9, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1826 
disticha 4 . Red . . 6, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1823 
falcata 5 . . Red . . 5, G. Bl. P. g C. G. H. . 1774 
grandifldra . Pink . 8, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1827 
Josephlnse . Scarlet . 7, G. Bl. P. 1J C. G. H. . 1814 
minor . . Scarlet . 7, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1814 
striata . . Scarlet . 7, G. Bl. P. 1J C. G. H. . 1823 
lilcida6 . .Pink . 8, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1818 
marzinata . Scarlet . 9, G. Bl. P. 1 0. G. H. . 1795 
minor . . . Pink . 7, G. Bl. P. i C. G. H. . 1822 
multiflbra 7 . Red . . 7, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1752 
rMula. . .Red . . 6, G. Bl. P. £ C. G. H. . 1790 
striata . . Pink . 7, G. Bl. P. J C. G. H. . 1823 
toxicaria 8 . Pink . 10, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1774 
Brussels Sprouts. See Brdssica oleracea, v. 
bullata. 



Bruti. See MaurUia vinifera. 

BrVa, Brovm. From the word bryo, to sprout ; 
so named on account of the germination of the 
seed commencing while on the plant. Linn. 
16, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Fab&cece. Tallish ever- 
green ornamental shrubs, succeeding well in 
very rich soil, and increased readily by cut- 
tings or _seed in heat. Synonymes: 1, Amer- 
imnum Ebenus u B. arboriscens. 
fibenus 1 . . Yel. grn. 7, S. Ev. S. 10 Jamaica . 1713 
Leonensis . Yel. grn. 7, S. Ev. S. 10 S. Leone .1824 

BRYACEiE, a large order of flowerless plants 
known as Urn Mosses. 

Bryanthus, Don. From bryo, to sprout, and 
anthus, a flower. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Fricaceas. Fine dwarf shrubs, growing best in 
situations where the sun never shines, although 
they will not grow under the drip of trees ; in 
damp shady places, however, they thrive well 
in common soil, and are increased by cuttings, 
erectus . . Red . . 4, H. Ev. S. 1 Hybrid . 

Bry&bittm, Lindley. Name not explained. 
Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. OrcAidcbcece. A 
plant of no beauty, and very easy culture, 
pubescens . Green . . 10, S. Epi. J E. Ind. . 1836 

Bry6nia, Linn. Named in allusion to the quick 
growth of the stems, from bryo, to sprout. 
Linn. 21, Or. 10, Nat. Or. Cucwbitaceoz. Strag- 
gling plants of little interest, and easy culture. 
" The root of Brydnia is powerfully purgative, 
but if properly cooked, -becomes wholesome ; 
those of B. rostrata are used in India internally, 
in electuary, in cases of piles, it is also used in 
the form of powder as a demulcent ; B. cordi- 
fblia is cooling, and useful in expectorants. 
The root of B. epigdsa was once considered to 
be the esteemed Calomba Boot, on account of 
its nearness in quality. The young shoots and 
leaves of B. scabra, after roasting, are aperient. 
— africana, dlba, cordata, erotica, dioica, dis- 
sieta, divlsa, epigdsa, ficifdlia, filifdrmis, Gar- 
cini, grdndis, lacinibsa, latebrdsa, nitida, pal- 
mata, pinnaMfida, quinqueldba, sedbra, sea- 
brilla, tenilla, trilobata, verruedsa. 

Bryony. See Bryonia. 

Bryophyxlum, Salisbury. So named from 
bryo, to grow, and phyllon, a leaf ; in reference 
to the circumstance of the leaf when laid upon 
damp earth emitting roots, whence arise young 
plants. Limn. 8, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Crassuldcece. 
These curious plants require very little water, 
and the pots to be well drained ; they flower 
best when plunged in a bottom heat ; rich 
loamy soil suits them well. Synonyme: 1, 
Cotyledon calytimum. 

calyctauml . Grn. pur. 6, S. Ev. S. 2 E. Ind. . 1800 
prollforum .' Gr. red . 6, S. Ev. S. 2 Madagas. 1858 

Bryopsis, Agardh. The little branches re- 
semble moss ; hence the name bryon, moss, 
and opsis, resemblance. Linn. 24, Or. 7, 
Nat. Or. Fucacece. Interesting marine pro- 
ductions, growing in fine feathery tufts — com- 
p6sita, plumdsa, hypnoides. 

BrVum, Hedvrig. Named from bryo, to abound ; 
abounding in great plenty. Linn. 24, Or. 5, 
Nat. Or. Bryace.ce. Dwarf species, generally 



BUB 



90 



BUL 



found growing ill wet places. B. IriquAtrum 
has beeu only met with upon the border of 
some lakes in the north of Irelaud. Synony- 
mes : 1, Mnlum andrdgynum : 2, Brgum stel- 
lare; 3, compdetum; 4, a&reum; 5, nigricans; 6, 
llnum,cubitale—affine, albicans, alpinum, an- 
drdgynum 1, aqitdticum, arginteum, casspititium, 
C. majus, O. minor, capillare 2, carneum, cru- 
dum, cuspidatum, dealbhtum, demissum, elon- 
gatum, harnum, iidaceum, ligulatum, Ludwlgii, 
marginatum, nutans 3, paluslre, punetatum, 
pyrifbrme 4, rbseum, rostrhtum, Tiaeri, tri- 
chbdes, triqultrum, turbindtum 5, ventricdsum 
6, Ziirii. See Bartrdmia, Didfimodon, En- 
calypta, Welssia. 
Bubon, Linn. Named from boubon, signifying 
the groin ; in allusion to its medicinal quali- 
ties. Lima. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Apiacece. 
Curious plants, of little beauty, and easy cul- 
tivation. Synonymes : 1, Sellnum gdlbanwm ; 
2, Firula laevigata. See Athamdnta, Firula, 
and Sdseli. 

gfflbanum 1 . Tel. grn. 1, G. Ev. S. 6 C. G. H. . 1696 
gummiferum Pa. yel. . 7, G. Ev. S. 6 C. G. H. . 1731 
lasvigatuin 2 . Yellow . S, G. Ev. S. 4 C. G. H. . 1774 
rlgidum . . Pink . . 6, H. Her. P. 3 Sicily . 1710 

^ferum } pmk ■ • 8. H. B. 5 Crimea . 1801 

Bub6nium. See Inula. 

Bubroma. See Guazuma. 

Bticco. See Agathosma. 

Buceras. See Bucida. 

Buchanania, Roxburgh. Named in honour of 
F. Buchanan, now Hamilton, M.D. Linn. 10, 
Or. 4, Nat. Or. Anacardiacece. Fruit-bearing 
trees of no particular value ; they grow well in 
light loamy soil ; and cuttings root in sand, 
under a glass, in heat. Synonymes: 1, Man- 
gifera axillaris, Spbndias axilldris. 
angustifblial "White . 5, S. Ev. T. 30 E. Ind. . 1820 
latifdlia . . White . 5, S. Ev. T. SO E. Ind. . 1820 

Buchnera, Linn. After J. G. Buchner, a Ger- 
man naturalist. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Scrophulariaceoe. Species of little interest ; 
they grow in loamy soil, and are increased by 
seeds. Synonymes : 1, biflbra ; 2, Manulea 
viscbsa, SpTiendndra viscbsa. See Manulea. 
americana . Blue . 7, H. Her. P. 1£ N. Amer. 1733 
euneifolia . Bed . 9, G. Ev. S. if C. G. H. .' 1821 
urticKfdlia 1. Blue . 6, G. Her. P. 1 Australia 1824 
viscbsa 2 . . Red . 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1773 
hispida. 

Buch(5lzia. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Ama- 
rantaccoz. See Alternanthera. 

Buchu. See Dibsma (Barosma) crenata. 

BtJClDA, Linn. Named from bous, an ox ; the 
fruit being like an ox's horn. Linn. 1 0, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Combretacece. A fine tree, of con- 
siderable value on account of its useful quali- 
ties ; it grows best in loam and peat ; and 
ripened cuttings planted in sand, and plunged 
in heat, under a glass, root readily. The bark 
is greatly esteemed by the tanners, and is 
known by the name of Olive-bark. 
Buceras . Tel. wht. 8, S. Ev. T. 20 Jamaica . 1793 

Buck bean. See Menydnthes trifbliata. 
Buckee. See Didsma. 



Buck-eye chestnut. See ^sculus ohio- 
tensis. 

Buckler mustard. See BiscuUlla. 

Buck's horn. See Lobilia coronopifblia. 

Buckthorn. See Rhdmnus catharticus. 

Bucku-amela. See Rhus Amila. 

Buck wheat. See Fagopyrwm. escuUntum. 

Buckwheat tree. See Mylocaryum. 

Bud, the flower, or leaves before expansion, are 
said to be in the bud. 

Buddlea, Linn. In memory of Adam Buddie, 
an English botanist. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Scrophulariacece. A genus of very handsome 
shrubs, especially B. globbsa, which flowers 
freely in the open air of Britain, providing it 
has a warm situation ; one against a south wall 
is best. B. Neemda is one of the niost beau- 
tiful plants of India, bearing a profusion of 
handsome white flowers. They delight in a 
loamy soil, mixed with a little peat, and young 
plants are obtained by layering the branches, 
or from cuttings, which root in sandy mould 
without difficulty. 

americana . Yellow 8, S. Ev. S. 10 Mexico . 1826 
brazili6nsis . Orange 4, S. Ev. S. 8 Brazil . 182J 
Colvfllei . . Orange 5, G. Ev. S. 8 Gardens 
connata . . Orange 5, S. Ev. S. 6 Peru . . 1826 
crispa . . .Pa. vio. 4, G. Ev. S. 14 Himalaya 1854 
diversifolia . Bed . 4, 8. Ev. S. 6 Java . . 1823 
globosa . . Orange 5, H. Ev. S. 16 Chile . . 1774 
heteroplrylla Yellow 6, S. Ev. S. 6 S. Amer. 1826 
Lindleyana . Violet . 9, G. Ev. S. 6 China . . 1844 

^^"jOr.cre. S,S. Ev.S. 2 Madeira . 1824 

Nefemda . . White . 6, S. Ev. S. 15 Nepal. . 1824 

occidentalis . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. Peru . . 1730 

panioulata . White . 3, 8. Ev. 8. 12 Nepal . . 1823 

salicifolia . . White . 8, 8. Ev. S. 6 S. Amer. 1823 

saligna . . White . 8, G. Ev. S. 6 C. G. H. . 1816 

salvifdlia . . Crim. . 8, G. Ev. S. 2J C. G. H. . 17(50 

thyrsoldea . Yellow S. Ev. 8. 4 S. Amer. 1823 

Budrunga. See XantMxylon. 

Buffalo clover. See Trifilium pennsylvd- 

nicum. 
Buff6nia, Wild. Named after Count de Buf- 

fon, the noted naturalist. Linn. 4, Or. 2, Nat. 

Or. Alsinacece. Dwarf curious species, of easy 

culture. Synonyme: 1, B. annua. 

perennis . . White . 6, H. Her. P. | Prance . 1817 

tenuifdlia 1 . White . 6, H. A. £ Eng., sea coa. 

BuGiNvfLLEA, Commerson. Named after De 
Bougainville, a French navigator. Linn. 8, 
Or. 8, Nat. Or. Nyctaginacex. A showy ever- 
green climber, succeeding in loam, and in- 
creased by cuttings. Synonymes: 1, glabra, 
virlscens, pomacea, peruviana, Joslpha Au- 



spectiibilis 1 Pink yel. 6, S. Ev. CI. 15 S. Amor . 1829 

Bugle. See Ajuga. 

Bugloss. See Anchhsa. 

Bugwort. See Cimicifuga. 

Bukkum wood. See Ccesalpinia Sdppan. 

Bulbiferot/s, bulb-bearing. 

BuLBiNE, Wild. From bolbos, a bulb. Linn. 6, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lilihceoz. The species are 
showy, fragrant, and of easy culture ; and in- 
crease rapidly by cuttings. 'Synonymes: 1, 
Anthericum dnnuwm ; 2, bulbbsum ; 3, aspho- 
deloldes; 4, Mspidum; 5, latifblium; 6, n&- 



BUL 



91 



BUN 



tans ; 7, prcembrsum ; 8, scabrwm ; 9, semibar- 
batum; 10, triquUrum. 

aloldes . . Yellow 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1732 
annua 1 . . Yellow 6, H. Her. A. % C. G. H. . 1731 

aS §es2 el01 "' } White. 7, P. Her. P. 2 C. G. H. . 1759 

australisS .Yellow 6, G. Bu. P. 1 N. Holl. . 1820 

bisulcata . . Yellow 11, H. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1823 

ciliata . . . Yellow 5, G. Her. P. 2 C. G. H. . 1823 

floribunda . Yel. gr. 9, G. Bl. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1830 

frutescens . Yellow 6, G. Bv. S. 1J C. G. H. . 1702 

glailoa . . . White . 5, G. BL P. 1$ Chile . . 1828 

graminea . . Yellow 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1824 

hlspida 4 . . White . 5, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1774 

latifdlia 5 . . White . 7, G. Her. P. 1J C. G. H. . 1812 

longiscapa . Yellow 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1769 

"S£5£ ] ™° w 5 - G - Her - P - i °- G - tt • 1822 

nutans 6 . . Yellow 7, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1820 

pnem&rsa 7 . Yellow 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1818 

pugionifdrmis Yellow 5, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1793 

rostrata . . Yellow 6, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1812 

sciSbra 8 . . Yellow 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1825 

semibarbata 9 Yellow 7, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1820 

sua,™ . . . Yellow 5, G. Ev. 8. 1 N. Holl. . 1836 

trique'tara 10 . Yellow 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1825 

Bulbocastanum. See Bimium. 

BuLBOCHifarE, Agardh. Named in reference to 
the stiff bristly end of the primary filaments, 
from bolbos, bulb, and chaite,. bristles. Linn. 
24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Fucaceae. Fpund in au- 
tumn in delicate tufts about lakes and rivers 
— setigera. 

Bdlboc6dium, Willd. Named from bulbos, 
bulb, and kodion, wool ; the bulb being 
■wrapped in a woolly covering. Linn. 6, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Metanthhcecc. Very beautiful 
dwarf species, worthy of careful cultivation ; 
they grow best in sandy loam and peat ; and 
young plants are obtained from the roots. 
"Synonyme : 1, C6khicum versicolor. See Me- 
rendira. 

vernum . . Purple . 2, H. Bl. P. i Spain . . 1629 
versicolor 1 . Purple . 8, H. Bl. P. J Crimea . 1820 

Bulboc&DIUM. See Narcissus Bulbocbdiwm. 

Bulbostylis, De Gandolle. Linn. 19, Or. 1 
Nat. Or. Asteracece. Synonym.es: 1, 
tbrium squarrdsum ; 2, E. veroniccefolium. 
Cavanillesii 1 Purple . 8, S. Her. P. 1J Mexico . 1827 
pendula . . Yellow . 8, S. Ev. S. 1 Mexico . 1632 
veronicarf&lial White . 8, S. Ev. S. 1J Mexico . 1825 

Bulbs, under-ground buds, resembling roots, 
and consisting of numerous fleshy scales, placed 
one over the other. 

Bulgaria, Fries. The species assume some- 
thing the form of a bag ; hence the name from 
bulga, a leather bag. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. 
Or. Helvellaceos. Minute species, frequent 
upon dead oaks and other decaying trees — in- 
quinans, sarcoides. 

Bullace-tree. See Prunus insitttia. 

Bullate, garnished with studs, like bubbles. 

Bullet-geape. See VUis rotundifblia. 

Bullet-tree. See Mimusops. 

Bull-grape. See VUis rotundifblia. 

Bulliarda, Dec. In memory of M. Bulliard, a 
French botanist. Linn. 4, Or. 3, Nat. Or. 
Crassulacece. Curious little annual aquatics. 
The soil suitable is loam and peat ; increase is 
by seeds. 

aquatica White . 7, H. A. i S. Europe . 
Vaillantii . White . 7, H. A. i S. Europe . 1825 



Bully-tree. See Mimiisops and Bumilia. 

Bulrushes. See Tpplia. 

Bulrush worts. See Typhacea. 

Bumalda, Thunberg. In memory of J. A. do 
Bumalda, a botanist of Bologna. Limn. 5, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Staphyleacece. A curious ever- 
green, with little to recommend it ; any com- 
mon soil suits it ; seeds. Synonyme : 1, Sta- 
phplea Bumalda. 
trif&lia . . Green . 8, G. Ev. S. 2 Japan . . 1812 

Bumelia, Smarts. The Greeks gave this name 
to the common ash. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Sapot&cece. These are plants of grand foliage, 
but no great beauty of blossom. Some of the 
species are robust enough to bear our winters 
in the open air, but being rather tender, they 
require to be placed in a sheltered situation, or 
against a warm wall, and covered with mats 
during winter ; cuttings root in sand, under 
a glass. The stove species are low W. Indian 
trees, and known there under the name of 
bully-tree. They thrive well in loamy soil, 
or loam and peat ; and cuttings will root, but 
not freely, in sand under a hand-glass, being 
well ripened before they are taken off. Syiw- 
nymes : 1, Sider&eylon lycioides ; 2, Ohryso- 
phyllii.in macrophpllum ; 3, Achras salicifilia ; 
4, Siderbxylon strigaswm ; 5, S. ttnax. 
borb6nica . White . 6, S. Ev. T. 20 Bourbon. 1825 
cuneata . . White . 7, 8. Ev. T. 10 W. Ind. . 1823 
totidissima . White . 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1820 
lanuginosa . White . 8, H. De. 8. 6 Carolina. 1806 
lycioides 1 . White ... 6, H. De. 8. 10 N. Amer. 1758 
nerv&sa 2 . White . 8, S. Bv. T. 80 Guiana . 1820 
nigra . . . White . 7, 8. Ev. T. 25 W. Ind. . 1806 
oblongif61ia . White . 7, H. De. 8. 10 N. Amer. 1818 
reclinata . . White . 6, H. De. 8. 4 Carolina . 1806 
rotundifdlia . White . 6, S. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 
salicifdlia 3 White . 7, S. Ev. T. 20 S. Amer. 1758 
serrata . . White . 6, H. De. 8. 10 Missouri. 1812 
strigbsa 4 . White . 7, P. Ev. T. 25 N. Amer. 1S18 
tenax 5 . . White . 7. H. De. T. 15 Carniola . 1765 

Bunch6sia, Jvssieu. From bunchos, coffee ; 
the seeds resembling that article. Linn. 10, 
'Or. 1, Nat. Or. Malpighi&cece. A genus of 
ornamental tallish shrubs ; they thrive best in 
a mixture of loam, peat, and sand ; cuttings 
of the ripe wood root very well in sand, in 
heat, under a glass. Synmiymes : 1, Malplghia 
caniscens ; 2, M. glandulifera ; 3, M. glandu- 
Ibsa ; 4, M. media ; 5, M. nitida ; 6, M. poly- 
stdchya; 7. M. tuberculata. 
argentea . . Yellow . 7, S. Ev. S. 8 Caraccas . 1810 
canescens 1 . Yellow . 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1742 
cuman&isis . Yellow . 9, S. Ev. 8. 8 Cumaua . 1820 
glandulifera 2 Yellow . 4, S. Ev. 8. 10 W. Ind. . 1806 
glandulbsa 3 . Yellow . 4, S. Ev. S. 10 W. Ind. . 1804 
media 4 . . Yellow . 7, 8. Ev. S. 10 W. Ind. . 1790 
nitida 5 . . Bed . . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 10 S. Domin. 1800 
odorata . . Yellow . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 10 Carthag. . 1806 
paniculata . Purple . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 10 Jamaica . 1820 
polystachya6 Yellow . 4, 8. Ev. 8. 10 W. Ind. . 1806 
tuberculata 7. Yellow . 6, S. Ev. S. 4i Caraccas. 1806 

Bunias, Linn. Bunios, a hill ; alluding to ths 
habitation. Linn. 15, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Brassi- 
cacece. Hardy annuals, of no interest— dspera, 
Erucago, orientalis. See Euclidivm, Muri- 
caria, Octhbdium. 

Bunium, Linn. Same as Bunias. Linn. 5, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Apiacece. Mere weeds of the 
simplest culture. Synonymes: t, flemiosum ; 



BUO 



92 



BUR 



2, bulbocdstanum — ammcAdes 1, bulbocdstanum, 
flexudsum 2, pyrendeum. See Ammi, Oonopb- 
dium, Sium, Trachyspermum, Wallr6thia. 

Buonapartea. See Litttea. 

Buphane, Her. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Amaryllidacece. See Brunsvigia. 

Bupleurum, Linn. Not satisfactorily ex- 
plained. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Apiacew. 
A very natural and remarkable genus, on ac- 
count of the leaves being for the most part 
quite entire. They succeed in any common 
soil. The annual species merely require sowing 
in the open border early in spring : the per- 
ennial kinds may be increased by offsets, or 
seeds. Synonymes .- 1, Tenbria caniscens; 2, 
T. diffbrme ; 3, T. frute'scens ; 4, T. fruticb- 
sum : 5, T. coriaceum ; 6 , T. plantagineum ; 
m. See Tenbria. 



7. B. junceum 
altaleum . 
anguldsum 
aristatum . 
aureum 
bal dense . 
Burserianum 
eanescens 1 
caricifdlium 
cori&ceum . 
diff&rme 2 . 
exaltatum 
falcatum . 
frutescens 3 
f ruticdsum 4 



G. yel. 

G. yel. 

Blush 

Yellow 

G. yel. 

G. yel. 

Yellow 8. 
■ G. yeL 
. Strip. 
. Yellow 8 
. G. yel. 
. G. yeL 8 
. Yellow 8, 

Yellow 7, 



| Yellow 6, 

r, 

7, 



G. yel. 
G. yel. 
G. yel. 
Yelsh. 
G. yel. 
G. yel. 10, 
G. yel. ~ 

}G. yel. 



Gerardi . . G. yel. 
Gibraltdrica 5. Yellow 6 
glaucum . . G. yel. 
gracile . . . G. yel 
graminifolium G. yel. 
heterophil- ' 

lum . . 
jlinceum . 
laneifdlium 
longifolium 
multinerve 
nodifldrum 
nudum . . 
Odontites . 
oppositifd- 

lium . . 
paniculatum . Yellow 
petr&uni . G. yel. 

P t£: } bellow 
Pollfchii 7 . . G. yel. 
polyphyllum . G. yel. 
protr£ctum . Yelsli. 
prostr^tum . Yellow 
pyrenalcum . G. yel. 
ranunculoldes G. yel. 
rigidum . . G. yel. 
rotimdifolium G. yeL 

sibiricum . . G. yel. 
spindsum 8 . Yellow 
stellatum . . G. yeL 
subov&tum . Yellow 6 
tenuiesimum . G. yel. 
trifidum . . Yellow 



H. Her. P. 2 Altai . . 1831 
H. Her. P. } Switzerl. 1759 
H. Her. P. Britain, CO. fie. 
H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1820 
H. Her. P. 1J Mt. Baldo 1817 
H. Her. P. $ . 1817 

Barbary . 1809 
£ Prance . 1817 
1 Gibraltar 1784 
O. G. H. . 1752 
! Tauria . 1807 
J Germany 1739 
Spain . . 1752 
S. Eur. . 1596 
S. Eur. . 1804 
Gibraltar 1784 
i S. Eur. . 1819 
i Caraceas . 1820 
H. Her. P. JSwitzerL 1768 



G. Ev. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
G. Ev. S. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Ev. S. 
P. Ev. 
H. 

P. Ev. 
H. 
H. 



S. 
A. 
S. 
A. 
A. 



H. 



A. 1 Egypt . 1818 



H. A. 1 S. Eur. . 1772 

H. B. 1 Tauria . 1820 

H. Her. P. 2 Switzerl. 1713 
H. Her. P. 3 Altai . . 
H. A. J Greece . 1823 

G. Her. P. H C. G. H. . 1778 
H. A. J Italy . 1749 

H. A. 1 Pyrenees 1819 

H. De. P. 1$ Spain . . 1824 
H. Her. P. 1 j Switzerl. 1768 

P. Ev. S. Mt. Atlas 1810 



H. A. 1 

H. Her. P. 1 

H. Tw. A. 1 

H. Tw .A. 2 

H. Her. P. 1 

H. Her. P. i France 

H. Her. P. 2 Spain 



Palestine 1818 
Caucasus 1823 
Portugal. 1824 
Altai . . 1831 
Pyrenees 1814 
1790 
1820 



H. A. 1 Eng., co. ne. 
H. Her. P. 1J Germany 1818 

. 1778 



H. Her. P. 

H. Ev. S. 

H. 

H. 

H. 

H. 



P. 1 
A. 
A. 
B. 2 



I Spain . 

J Siberia . 1826 
Spain . . 1752 

. Switzerl. 1775 

i Spain . . 1819 

i England . 
Italy . . 1824 



BupthXlmum, Linn. Named in allusion to 
the resemblance the disk of the flowers bears 
to an ox's eye, from bous, an ox, and oph- 
thalmos, eye. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Aster aceoe. The plants of this genus are very 
showy and ornamental. The greenhouse spe- 
cies do well in a loamy soil ; and increase 
from cuttings, under a glass : the herbaceous 



species thrive in a common garden mould ; 
and increase by suckers ; the annual species 
only require sowing in the open ground. Sy- 
nonyme : 1, coriaceum. See Diom&dia, Beli- 
6psis, TeUMa. 

aquifticum . Yellow 7, H. A. i S. Eur. . 1731 

arbor&cens . Yellow 6, G. Ev. S. 3 Bermuda 1699 
cordi£61fum . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. 1 Hungary 1739 
frutescens . . Yellow 6, G. Ev. S. 2 S. Amer. 1696 
grandifl6rum Yellow 8, H. Her. P. 1J Austria . 1722 
lievigAtum 1 . Yellow 7. G. Ev. S. Teneriffe 1800 
maritimum . Yellow 8, P. Her. P. 1 Sicily . . 1640 
salicifdlium . Yellow 9, H. Her. P. 1$ Austria . 1759 
sericeum . . Yellow 6, G. Ev. S. S Canaries . 1779 



S. Eur. 
2J Spain . 



1826 



Canaries' 



1570 
181S 



campanu- 



mum. . ) YelIow 7. H. Her. P. 
spindsum . . Yellow 7, H. A 

stenopb^llum Yellow 6, G. Ev. E 

Bur. See Centotheca lappacea. 

Burchardia, R. Brown. In honour of Henry 
Burchard, M.D., a botanical author. Linn. 
6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Melanthacece. A species 
of considerable beauty, thriving best in sandy 
peat, or peat mixed with a little loam ; oifsets 
or divisions, 
umbellata . Wbt. gr. 8, G. Her. P. 2 N. Holl. 1820 

Burchellia, B. Brown. In compliment to W. 
Burchell, a traveller in Africa. Linn. 5, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Cinehon&cem. Handsome species, 
especially B. capinsis ; they require open rich 
soil, and to be carefully watered, and they 
will flower well. Synonyme : 1 parvifibra. 
buballna 1 . . Scarlet . 5, S. Ev. S. 3 C. G. H. 1818 
capensis . . Scarlet . 3, S. Ev. S. 3 C. G. H. 

Burdee. See Pdpyrus antiqubrum. 

Burdock. See Arctium and Centothica. 

Burg-i-tibbut. See Rhododendron 
latum. 

BuRiTl. See Mauritia vinifera. 

Burlingt6nia. Lindley dedicated this lovely 
genus to the amiable and accomplished Coun- 
tess of Burlington. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Orchidacece. The species belonging to this 
genus are of great beauty, each of which rivals 
the other in loveliness of colour and delightful 
fragrance of their flowers. The species.belong- 
ing to this and some other genera grow best 
upon wood with a little moss on their roots, 
and fastened to the wood with tempered copper 
or metallic wire. Oak branches with several 
arms or forks protruding in different directions 
are the most suitable wood for them. B. 
rigida is a very curious-growing species, pro- 
ducing the small pseudo-bulbs at the end. of 
the wiry-like rhizoma. When the plants make 
their growth a little moss should be fastened 
to the oak branch for the young shoots to root 
and fasten themselves to. Copious watering 
overhead and likewise a strong heat are neces- 
sary when the plants are growing, but when 
they are torpid they should be kept cool and 
dry. They are increased by dividing the bulbs. 
Synonyme : 1, B. deebra. 

Rose,w. 5, S. Epi. 
White 4, S. Epi. 
W.p.cr. 5, S. Epi. 
Wh. cr. 5, SS. Epi. 
Yel. red 5, S. Epi. 
White 5, S. Epi. 
Pk. wh. 5, 8. Epi. 
White 3, S. Epi. 



amdena 1 
Candida . 
decdra . . 
fr&grans . 
maculata . 
pubescens 
rigida . . 
Tenusta . 



1 


Brazil 


. 1849 


1 


Demerara 


. 18S4 




r Brazil 


. 1S52 




Brazil . 


. 1850 




Brazil , 


. 1837 


1 


Pemambuco 1842 


i Brazil . 


. 1838 


1 


Brazil . 


. 1840 



BUR 



93 



BUX 



Burgundy-pitch TREE. See Abies communis. 

Burmannia, L. Linn. 3, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Bur- 
manniacece. Tropical weeds, not deserving 
cultivation. — biflbra, distdchya. 

BURMANNIACE.ZE, an order of small herbaceous 
weeds inhabiting marshy places in the tropics, 
and nearly related to Orchids. 

Burmanniads. See Burmanniacece. 

Burnet. See Poterium. 

Burnet saxifrage. See Pimpintlla. 

Bur parsley. See Caucalis. 

Bur reed. See Sparganium. 

Burning-bush. See Bufmymus americanus. 

Burrielia, De Candolle. So named by him in 
honour of John Mark Burriel, who published, 
in 1758, the Journey of Venegas into Califor- 
nia. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asteracece. 
" It is a hardy annual, flowering in the sum- 
mer months, and recommending itself by its 
copious yellow blossoms. " 
gracilis . . Yellow 7, H. A. J California 1834 

Burry, covered, with hooked stiff hairs, like the 
heads of bur or burdock. 

Bursa-pastoralis. See Capsttla. 

Bursaria, CamanilUs. Named from bursa, sig- 
nifying a pouch. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Pittosporacece. A pretty species desirable for 
a greenhouse or conservatory, being an abun- 
dant flowerer, and very showy when covered 
with its elegant little white blossoms. An 
equal mixture of sandy loam and peat is the 
best soil for it ; and young cuttings are not 
difficult to root in sand .under a glass. 
spinSsa . . White 10, G. Ev. S. 10 N. S. W. . 1793 

BtiRSERA, Jacquin. In memory of Joachim 
Burser, a botanist in Naples. Linn. 23, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Amyridacece. Large trees of con- 
siderable value : they grow in loam and peat ; 
and increase by cuttings or seeds. B. gumml- 
fera abounds in a watery balsamic fluid, which 
however soon becomes inspissated by exposure 
to the air. Hedges are made of it by the Spa- 
nish residents in S. America, who call it A Ima- 
cigo. It is also said to possess identical pro- 
perties with Qudssia. 

Eummifera . Wh. gr. 5, S. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1090 
serrate . . Wh. gr. 6, S. Ev. T. 25 E. Ind. . 1818 

Burserack33. See Amyridacece. 

BuRTbNlX, B. Brown. Named in honour of 
D. Burton, who collected for the Kew Garden. 
Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Fabdceai. This pretty 
New Holland genus requires more than ordi- 
nary care in its treatment to keep the plants 
in good health ; an equal mixture of very 
sandy loam and peat is the best soil for it, and 
the pots to be well drained, with small pot- 
sherds, that the water may pass off freely, as 
nothing is more injurious to it than too much 
water. Cuttings of the young wood are not 
difficult to root, if planted in sand under a 
bell-glass ; it may also be raised from seeds, 
which are sometimes produced.— Bot. Cul. 181. 
Synonyms: 1, Gompholdbium minus. - 
brunioldes . Yellow 6, G. Ev. S. 2 N. Holl. . 1844 
conferta . . Violet 7, G. Ev. S. 2 N. Holl. . 1830 
minor 1 . . Yellow 5, G. Ev. S. 1J N. HoU. . 1812 



pulohella . . Purple 6, G. Ev. S. 2 S. River . 1846 

soSbra . . . Yellow 6, G. Ev. S. 1J N. Holl. . 1803 

sessilifldra Yellow 6, G. Ev. S. 2 N. HoU. . 1824 

villdsa . . . Yel.ro. 6, G. Ev. S. 2 S. River . 1828 

Bur-weed. See Xdnthium strumd/rium. 

Butcher's broom. See R&scus. 

Butcher's trays are usually made of the wood 
of Populus alba. 

Butea, Roxbwgh. In compliment to John, 
Earl of Bute, a lover and patron of botany. 
Linn. 17, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Fabaceas. This 
most splendid genus is rare in our collections, 
though easily grown, and not difficult to pro- 

. pagate. They grow best in loam and peat ; 
and cuttings taken off at a joint, and planted 
singly in pots with their leaves on, will soon 
root, if not suffered to get damp, which should 
be continually guarded against. " It is desirable 
to plunge them in a moist heat. The flowers 
of B. frondosa and supirba yield a beautiful 
dye, and the roots are capable of being made 
into strong rope. 

frondbsa . . Scarlet . S. Ev. S. 40 E. Indies . 1796 
parvifldra . Scarlet . S. Ev. S. 40 Coroman. 1818 
. Scarlet . S. Ev. S. 40 E. Indies . 1798 



ButomAcejs, a small order of aquatic plants, 
sometimes yielding a milky juice. The flower- 
ing rush (Butomus umbellcUus) is an example 
of their character. 

Butomads. See Butom&cece. 

Butomus, Linn. The leaves of this plant are 
said to cause the mouths of cattle to bleed 
that crop it ; hence the name from bous, ox, 
and temno, to cut. Linn. 9, Or. 3, Nat. Or. 
Butomdceae. This genus contains that beau- 
tiful plant the flowering rush, a native of the 
margins of our rivers, ditches, &c. ; both spe- 
cies are aquatics, and may be increased with 
little difficulty. 

latifolius. White . 6, H. Aq. P. 1 Nepal . . 1823 
umbellatus Pink . 6, H. Aq. P. 2 Britain, ditches. 

Butter and eggs. See Narcissus. 

Butter and tallow tree. See Pentadisma 
butyrdcea. 

Butter bur. See Tussildgo petdsites. 

Buttercups. See Ranunculus acris and bul- 
bbsa. 

Butterflower. See Ranunculus acris and 
bulbdsa. 

Butterfly plant. See Oncidium Papilio. 

Butterfly weed. See Asclepias tiiberbsa. 

Butter-nut. See Carybcar, and Juglans cimi- 
rea. 

Butter tree, of Mungo Park. See Bdssia. 

Butterwort. See Pinguicula. 

Buttneria. See Byttniria. 

Button flower. See ObmpMa. 

Button tree. See Gonocarpus. 

Button-weed. See Spermacbce. 

Button-wood. See Cephaldnthus. 

, Buxbaumia, Linn. In memory of J. C. Bux- 
baum, a German botanist. Linn. 24, Or. 5, 
Nat. Or. Bryacem. A most singular minute 
plant, without apparent leaves, more like a 
species of fungus than a' moss, found generally 
in summer in fir-woods, &a.,-^aphplla. See 
Diphflscium. 



BUX 



94 



CAB 



Btixus, Linn. Supposed to have been taken 
from pyhnos, dense ; in reference to the wood. 
Limn. 21, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Euphorbiaceas. This 
is an excellent genus of hardy evergreen shrubs ; 
B. balearicus does much better however when 
it is slightly protected in severe weather. They 
thrive in most situations ; and are propagated 
by suckers, or layers, without difficulty. The 
timber is very hard and smooth, and not apt 
to warp ; it is used by the turner, engraver, 
mathematical instrument maker, comb, pipe, 
and flute maker, and the roots by the inlayer 
and cabinet-maker. "Wheels, skewers, pins, 
pegs for musical instruments, nut-crackers, 
button - moulds, weavers' shuttles, holler- 
sticks, bump-sticks, rollers, rolling-pins, tops, 
screws, spoons, knife-handles, combs, &c, are 
all made of it, as well as many other useful 
articles. 



angustifftlia Tel. gr. 
suffruticdsa . Tel. gr. 
arborescens Tel. gr. 
argentea . Tel. gr. 
aurea . . YeL gr. 
marginata . Tel. gr. 
myrufdlia . Tel. gr. 
variegata . Tel. gr. 

Byblis, Salisbury. 
Miletus. Linn. 5, 



australis . . Tel. gr. i, G. Ev. S. 6 N. Holl. . 1820 
balearica . Tel. gr. 7, H. Bv. S. 8 Minorca . 1780 
chinensis . . YeL gr. 10, G. Ev. B. S China . . 1802 
sempervlrens YeL gr. 4, H. Ev. S. 8 Eng., ch. hills. 

4, H. Ev. 8. 6 Eng., gardens. 

5, H. Ev. S. 12 Eng., gardens. 
5, H. Bv. T. 20 Brit., gardens. 
5, H. Ev. T. 20 Brit., gardens. 
5, H. Ev. T. 20 Brit., gardens. 

5, H. Ev. T. 30 Brit., gardens. 

6, H. Ev. S. 6 Brit., gardens. 
5, H. Ev. T. 25 Brit., gardens. 

Byblis was the daughter of 
Or. 5, Nat. Or. Droseracem. 
A minute, very pretty aquatic ; it should be 
planted in loamy soil, and immersed in water ; 
seeds, 
liniflbra . . Blue . 5, G. Aq. P. J N. Holl. . . 1800 

Byrsonima, Richard. Derived from byrsa, 
hide ; useful for tanning. Linn. 10, Or. 3, 
Nat. Or. Malpighiacem. These are handsome 
stove plants, thriving exceedingly in a rich 
soil, or loam and peat mixed suits them. 
Cuttings of the ripe wood planted in sand, 
under a glass, in heat root freely. Syno- 
nymes: 1, MalpigAia altissima ; 2, M. coriacea ; 
3, M. crassifbha; 4, M, lucida; 5, M. Mou- 
reila ; 5, M. macrophy'lla ; 7, M. pdllida ; 8, 
M. verbascifblia ; 9, M. wl&bilis. 
altissima 1 . White . 7, 8. Ev. S. 50 Guiana . 1820 
chrysophylla . Tellow 8, 8. Ev. S. 10 Orinoco . 1823 



coriacea 2 . 


. White 


6, S. Ev. T. 


25 Jamaica 


1814 


crassif61ia 3 


. Tellow 


7, 8. Ev. T. 


15 Guiana 


1793 


laurifdlia . 


. Tellow 


7, S. Ev. T. 


10 Cumana 


1824 


lucida 4 . 


. Pink 


7, S. Bv. 8. 


5 W. Ind. 


1769 


Mourella 5 


. Tellow 


8, 8. Ev. T. 


20 8. Amer. 


1823 


nervosa 6 . 


. Tellow 


7, 8. Bv. 8. 


8 Brazil 


1820 


pallida 7 . 


. Pale 


7, 8. Ev. 8. 


4 Cayenne 


1820 


reticulata . 


. Pur.yel 


7, 8. Ev. 8. 


10 Cayenne 


1823 


spicata . . 


. Yellow 


8, 8. Ev. S. 


6 Antilles 


1810 


verbascifdlia 


8 Pa. red. 


7, S. Ev. S. 


6 Guiana 


1810 


volubilis 9 


. Tellow 


8, 8. Bv. Tw 


10 W. Ind. 


1793 



BYSSACEiE. See Fungales. 

ByssoclAdium, Agardh. Compounded from 
byssos, fine flax, and Iclados, a branch ; allu- 
ding to the fine branches. Linn. 24, Or. 7, 
Nat. Or. Confervacea,. A singular production, 
growing in places overflowed with water, and 
on windows— fenestrale. 

Bysstjs, a genus of Fungales, not well under- 
stood or defined. 

Bystrop6gon, Wild. The word alludes to the 
throat of the corolla being closed by hairs, 
and derived from byo, to close, and pogon, 
beard. Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lamiacece. 
The species are ornamental, and thrive best in 
a mixture of loam and peat ; and cuttings put 
in sand or soil root readily. 

canariensis . Pa. pur. 7, G. Ev. 8. 1£ Canaries . 1714 

origanifolius . Pa. pur. 7, G. Ev. 8. 1£ Canaries . 1815 

pluni&sus . > . Pa. pur. 6, G. Ev. 8. l| Canaries . 1779 

punctatus . . Pa. pur. 8, G. Ev. 8. l| Madeira . 1775 

Byttneria, Loeffling. In memory of S. A. 
Buttner, a professor at Gottingen. Linn. 5, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Byttneriacece. The species 
are not very interesting ; for culture, &c. , see 
Commersdnia. Synonyme: 1, Oommersdnia 
dasyphfilla. 

dasyphylla 1 White . 6, G. Ev. S. 3 V. D. L. . 1780 
hermannisefolia Wht. . 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 N. Holland 1823 
microphy'lla . W. pur. 6, 8. Bv.'S. 4 8 America 1818 
scabra ... . Purple . 7, 8. Ev. S. 6 W. Indies 1793 
catalpcefblia, cordata, gramdifblia, herbacea. 

ByttneriAceje, an or der of interesting trees and 
^hrubs, some bearing very showy flowers, and 
others, as Theobroma Cacao, or the cocoa of 
our shops, used for food. 

Byttneriads. See Byttneriacece. 

Byzantine. See Cdlchicum. 



c. 



CAA-CUYS. See Ilex Paragtdnsis. 
Caa-mini. See Ilex ParagvAnsis. 
Caa-pebi. See Cissdmpelbs caap&yi. 
Caapina d' Angola. See P&nicum spec- 

tdbile. 
Caa-cjuazu. See Ilex ParagvAnsis. 
Caa-tigua. See TricMlia catlgoa. 
Cabaret. See Asa/rvm. 
Cabbage. See Brdssica. 
Cabbage palm. See Arica. 
Cabbage tree. See Areca. 
Cabezo de negro. See PhyUlephas. 
Cab6mba Le Candolle. Derivation not known. 



Linn. 6, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Oabombacem. A 

stoVe aquatic, requiring the same treatment as 

Nymph&a. Synonyme : Nictris peltdta. 

aquatica . . Tellow . 5, 8. Aq. P. J Carolina . 1823 
CabombAckze, a small order of aquatics nearly 

related to Nymphffiacese. Found wild in 

America. 
Cabotz. See Braylra anthelmintiea. 
Cabrera, so named after an obscure Spanish 

botanist. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Grami- 

nacece. A tropical grass, growing in common 

soil. 

chrysoblepharis . Green 6, S. Grass H S. Amer. . 1822 



CAC 



95 



CMS 



CacalAco. See Ccesalplnia cacal&co. 

CacAlia, Linn. Named from kakos, pernicious, 
and licm, exceedingly. Limn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Aster&cece. A genus remarkable for the 
fleshy awkward-looking stems, and discoloured 
leaves of many of the species. They grow in 
a mixture of sandy loam, brick rubbish, and 
decomposed dung well reduced ; they require 
very little water, even when growing, and the 
pots must be well drained. . Cuttings taken 
off, and dried for a few days to heal the wound, 
strike readily ; when sufficiently struck, they 
should be potted off, using the same kind of 
soil recommended for old plants, and carefully 
watered. Synonymes : 1, Kleinia tomentdsa ; 
2, C. tomenlbsa; 3, C. pugionifdrmis ; i, 0. 
macrophijUum. See CulcUiv/m, Senecio. 



albifrons 

alplna . . 

anteuphdr- 
bium . , 

appendicu- 
lar . . 

articulata . 



White . 
Purple 
Yellow 



Yellow 
. Yellow 9. 



atriplicifdlia . Li. pur. 8. 



blcoli 

carndsa 

cocctnea 

cordifdlia . 

cylXndrica . 

ficoldes 

hastata 

Ha worth ii 1 

Kleinia 

leucophylla 2 Pa. yel. 

longifdlia 3 . Yellow 

ovalis 



Purple 7, 
. Yellow 6, 
. Orange 6. 
. White " 
. Yellow 
. Yellow 
. White 
. Yellow 
. Yellow 



papillaris . 
raaicans . 
renifdrmis 
repens . . 
reticulata . 



Yellow 

Yellow 
. Yellow 
. White 
. Yellow 8, 
. Yellow 



rhombif61ia 4 Yellow 
sagittata . . Or. pur. 6 : 



scandens . 
sonchifolia 
suaveolens 
tomentbsa 
tuberdsa . 



. Or. pur. 4, 
. Pink . 7, 
, White . 8. 
. Yellow 8, 



H. Her. P. 2 Austria . 1739 
H. Her. P. 2 Austria . 1739 

G. Ev. S. 3 C. G. H. . 1596 

G. Bv. B. 2 Teneriffe 1815 

G. Bv. B. 1J C. G. H. 1775 
H. Her. P. 4 N. Amer. 1069 
8. De. 8. 1J B. Indies 18"4 
G. Ev. S. 1JC. G. H. 1757 



H. 

H. Tu. 
G. Bv. 
G. Bv. 
H. Her. P. 
G. Ev. 8. 



Ii ... 1799 
1 Mexico . 1823 



1 C. G. H. 
4 C. G. H. 

1 Siberia 

2 C. G. H. 
G. Ev. 8. 2J Canaries 1732 
H. Her. P. 8 S. Bur. . 1819 
G. Ev. 8. 1 ... 1820 
8. Bv. 8. 3 E. Ind. . 1884 
G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 1727 
G. Bv. Cr. i C. G. H. 1823 
H. Her. P. 1 \ N. Amer. 1801 
G. Ev. S. I C. G. H. _ - ' 
G. Ev. 8. 2 Bourbon 
H. Her. P. 3 Siberia 
S. A. 3 Java . 
G. Ev. Tw.5 C. G. H. 
S. A. 1 J B. Ind. 
H. Her. P. 6 N. Amer. 1752 
G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 1795 
H. Tu. P. 1 N. Amer. 1812 



1818 

1710 

, 1780 

1795 



1759 

1828 

. 1816 

. 1823 

1814 

, 1708 



peltAta, radulcefdliti, runcinata. 

Cacao. See Theobrdma cacao. 

Cachanlahuan. See Erythr&a cacJianld- 
huan. 

Cachibou eesin. See Btirsera gummifera. 

Cachou. See Acacia cdtechu. 

CAoheys, Limn. Not satisfactorily explained. 
Linn. 5, Or. 5, Nat. Or. Apiacece. The spe- 
cies are uninteresting, and the culture of them 
is easy. Synonyme: 1, LaserpUiumferulaceicm 
— alatal, alplna, athamantoides, cretica, Liba- 
ndtis, microcarpa, Moris&ni, odontalgica, sese- 
loldes, taurica. See Agaspllis, Athamdnta, 
Caiccalis and Laserpitium. 

CACotrciA, De Candolle. A vernacular name. 
Linn. 11, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Combret&cece. For 
culture and propagation refer to Combretum. 
Synqivyme : Schousbcea coccinea. 
coccinea . . Scarlet . 5, S. Ev. CI. 4 Guiana. 

CACTAcnas, an order of succulent shrubs, natives 
of Tropical America, and of easy cultivation. 

Cactales. See Gactdicece. 

CActus, Linn. A name used by Theophrastus 
to describe a spiny plant. Linn. 12, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Cactdcete. This genus is commonly 



called the melon thistle. The species are 
very interesting in appearance, and variable 
in structure. They succeed best in sandy 
loam, mixed with brick and lime rubbish, and 
a little peat, or rotten dung, at all times care- 
fully watered. Cuttings root readily if a little 
dried before planting. Synonyme : 1 . O. nd- 
hilts. See Cereus, Echinocddus, Epiphffllwm, 
Mammillaria, Melo-c&ctus, Op&ntia, Periskia, 
Khipsalis, Pliyllocdctus. 

corrugatus . Red . 5, 8. Suc.S. } Chile . . . 1824 

crenatus . Red . 6, 8. Suc.S. 1 Chile . . 

folibsus . . Red . 6, S. Ev. S. 1 Chile . . 1824 

redtictus 1 . White 6, S. Ev. 8. 2 Moxico . . 1796 

senilis . . . Pink . 6, S. Ev. 8. J Mexico . . 1823 

OadAmba. See NaUclea Caddmba. 

CAdia, Forskahl. From the Arabic name 
gadhy. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Fab&cece. 
This rather curious species succeeds in light 
loamy soil, and cuttings root in sand, under a 
glass, in heat. Synonyme : 1, C. v&ria. 
purpurea 1 . Wht. pur. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Arabia . 1775 

CADtcus, falling off soon. 

GaXESTiNA, Cassini. Named from ccdesten, ce- 
lestial ; alluding to the sky-blue colour of the 
flowers. Limn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asterdcece. 
Showy species of easy culture, common open 
soil suits them ; seeds. Synonymes : 1, Eupa- 
tbrium cce/rhleum; 2, E. micrdntfoum, Agera- 
tum ccelestlnum. 

ageratoldes . Blue . 8, G. Her. P. 1 N. Spain, 
caerhlea 1 . . Blue . 7, F. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1732 
micrtatha 2 . Blue . 7, P. Bv. S. 1£ 8. Amer. 1800 

Genopteris, Eergius. Derived from kaimos, 
new, and pteris, a fern. Linn.2i, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Polypodi&cece. Small interesting ferns ; 
peat mixed with a little loam suits them, and 
they are chiefly increased by divisions. Syno- 
nymes : 1, Asplenium Idxum, Darea appendi- 
cul&taj 2, Aspleniy/tn Odontites, Darea Odon- 
tites. 

appendicular 1 Brown 7, G. Ev. S. I N. Holl. 1822 
myriophylla . Brown 12, S. Her. P. 1 W. Indies, 
odontites 2 . . Brown 7, G. Ev. 8. 5 N. Holl. 1822 
rhizophylla . . Brown 6, 8. Her. P. 1 W. Ind. 1827 
thauctroldes . Brown 9, S. Her. P. 1 Jamaica. 

CiESALPfNiA, Plumier. In memory of Andreas 
Ctesalpinus, chief physician to Pope Clement 
VIII. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Fabaceaz. 
This genus as a whole is of considerable impor- 
tance, but the species in point of beauty have 
little to recommend them ; they all grow well 
in sand, peat, and open loam mixed. O. Sdp- 
pam yields the sappan wood of India. From 
the seeds of C. oleospSrma an oil is expressed ; 
and the Brazil-wood of commerce is obtained 
from the O. Brasiliensis. See Coulttria, Reich- 
ardia. 

bahamensis . White . 5, 8. Ev. S. 15 Bahama . 1820 
bijuga . . . Yellow . 5, S. Bv. T. 12 Jamaica . 1770 
brasiliensis . Orange . 6, S. Ev. T. 20 Jamaica . 1739 
Cacalaco . . Yellow . 4, 8. Ev. S. 10 Mexico . 1824 
cassioldes . . Yellow . 4, 8. Ev. 8. 6 S. Amer. . 1821 
chinensis . . Yellow . 5, S. Ev. S. 10 E. Indies . 1820 
Crista . . . Wht. yol.6, 8. Ev. T. 15 Jamaica, 
enneaphylla . Yellow . 6, 8. Ev. S. 10 E. Indies . 1816 
Gilliesii . . Yellow . 4, S. De. S. 6 Mendoza . 1829 
mimosoldes . Yellow . 6, S. Ev. S. 6 E. Indies . 1806 
mucronata . Yellow . 5, 8. Ev. S. 6 Brazil . . 1823 
Nilga . . . Yellow . 7, S. Ev. S. 10 E. Indies . 1801 



aans 



96 



CAL 



oleosperma 
paniculata 
procera 
punctata . 
Sappan 
scandens . 
sinensis . 
suberbsa . 
torbudsa . 
vesicaria . 



Yellow . 7, 8 

Yellow . 6, S. 

Yellow 

Yellow 

Yellow 

Yellow 

Yellow 

Yellow 

Yellow 

Yellow 



5,8. 
. 5,8. 
.7,8. 
. 7,8. 
.4,8. 
.5,8. 
.6,8. 
. 5,8. 



Ev. S. 
Ev. S. 
Ev. T. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. T. 
Ev. CI. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. 8. 
Ev. 8. 



12 E. Indies . 
6 Malabar . 
25 Cuba . 

5 Brazil . . 
20 E. Indies . 
15 E. Indies , 

6 China. 

10 E. Indies . 
10 E. Indies . 
12 E. Indies . 



1820 
1817 
1824 
1820 
1778 
1800 

1823 
1820 
1820 



CAsia, R. Brown. In honour of Frederick 
Caesius. TAnn. 6, Or. 1, Wat. Or. Tiliacece. 
A showy species, sandy loam and peat suit it, 
and young plants are obtained from seeds, 
vittata . Pa. "blue . 7, G. Tu. P. 1 N. 8. W. . 1816 

Cesious, grey. 

C^espitose, growing in little tufts. 
. C^SULIA, Roxburgh. From ccesos, beaten ; ap- 
pearing as if trampled upon. Linn. 19, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Composite. Not interesting, cul- 
ture simple. Synonyme: 1 Meykra orientalis 
— axillaris 1. 

Caffeine, a peculiar chemical principle, which 
constitutes the stimulating and refreshing 
character of coffee. 

Caffre bread. See Encephalartos. 

Cahuchu. See Siphonia. 

Cainito. See Chrysophfyllum CainUo. 

Caiophora, Presl. From Kaio, to burn or 
sting, and phoros, a bearer. Linn. 13, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Loasacece. For culture, &c, see 
Loasa. Synony/hes: 1, Loasa Heroertii; 2, 
L. lateritia ; 3, L. Penildndica. See Lodsa. 
Herberti 1 . Orange 6,. H. CI. A. 6 Hybrid. . 1842 
lateritia 2 . . Bed or. 5, H. CI. A. 20 Tucumand 1836 
Pentlandica 3 Orange 5, H. CI. A. 6 Peru . . 1841 

Cajan. See Oajanus. 

Cajanus, Dec. From catjang, its name in 
Malabar. Linn. 17, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Legumi- 
nosce. The species are highly useful for food 
in some places. They grow well in sandy 
loam ; and increase from seed. The seed of 
O. flavus is much eaten by poor people, and 
negroes, and is esteemed a wholesome pulse. 
The plant is cultivated in Jamaica for feeding 
pigeons, whence its name ; and in the island 
of Martinico, even the better sort of people 
hold it in estimation. Synonymes : 1, Ci/tisus 
Pseudocajan ; 2, O. C&jan. 

blcolor 1 . Yellow . 7, 8. Ev. S. 4 E. Indies . 1800 
flavus 2 . Yellow . 7, 8. Ev. S. 4 E. Indies . 1687 

Cajeputi oil. See Melaleuca Cajiputi. 

Cajeputi tree. See Melaleuca Oajiputi. 

Cakile, Tournefort. An Arabic term for these 
plants. Linn. 15, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Brassi- 
ccicece. Annual species of little beauty ; culti- 
vation simple. Synonyme :X,G. marltima svnua- 
tifblia. See Raplstrum. 
aigyptlaca 1 . Purple 7, H. A. 1 Egypt, 
americana . Purple 7, H. A. 1 America . 1823 
maritima . . Purple 7, H. A. f Brit. , seashore. 

Calaba tree. See Calophtfllum Calaba. 

Calabash nutmeg. See Monodbra Myrts- 
lica. 

Calabash- tree. See Crescintia. 

Calabura. See MuniMgia Calabura. 

Calabenia, R. Brown. From kalos, beautiful, 
and aden, a gland ; in reference to the disc of 
the labellum being finely beset with glands. 



alata . . 
alba . . 
ccerulea . 
carnea 
clavlgera . 
denticulata 
dilatata . 
elongata . 
gemmata . 
gracilis . 
hfrta . . 
ixioldes . 
longicauda 
marginata 
mollis . . 
Pnters&ni . 
pilifera . 
repens 
testacea . 
unguiculata 



White 6, 
White 7, 
Blue . 
Flesh . 7, 
Pink . 



Yellow 6, 
Yellow 5, 
Yellow 5, 
Yellow 6, 
Purple 5, 
Yellow 6, 
Yellow 5, 
Purple 9, 
Purple 8, 
Purple 7, 
Yellow 8, 



. } N. Holl. 

4 N. Holl. 

4 N. Holl. 

i N. Holl. 

. i N. 8. W. 

. i Swan B. 



. 1823 
. 1810 
. 1804 
. 182G 



, 1826 



. 1824 



Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidacece. A 
genus of pretty orchideous plants, growing 
well in a mixture composed of peat, loam, and 
sand in equal parts. They should be kept in 
a cool frame, and carefully watered, when pot 
in a growing state ; increased by dividing the 
roots. 

P. Ter, 

P. Ter. 

F. Ter. 

F. Ter. 

G. Tu. P. 
Yellow 6, G. Tu. P. 
Yellow 6, G. Tu. P. i N. 8. W. 
Yellow 5, G. Tu. P. f Swan B. 
Purple ff, G: Tu. P. i Swan B. 

" G. Tu. P. i Australia 
G. Tu. P. } Swan B. 
G. Tu. P. i SwanE. 
G. Tu. P. 1 Swan R. 
G. Tu. P. i Swan B. 
G. Tu. P. I Swan B. 
G. Tu. P. i N. S. W. 
G. Tu. P. i Swan B. 
G. Tu. P. | Swan E. 

F. Ter. 5 N. Holl. 

G. Tu. P. i Swan E. 

Caladium, Ventenat. Meaning not explained. 
Linn. 21, Or. 9, Nat. Or. ArOceoe. The spe- 
cies of this genus are interesting on account of 
having singularly spotted stems, and pretty 
neat, often green foliage. Several grow best 
in water, and the whole grow well if planted 
in rich soil, and may be propagated from tu- 
bers. O. segulnum is a native of the "W. Indies 
and S. America, where it grows five or six feet 
high, and is called the' dumb-cane, because it 
has the power, when chewed, of swelling the 
tongue, and destroying the power of speech. 
Dr. Hooker gives an account of a gardener 
who incautiously bit a piece of the d'umb-cane, 
when his tongue swelled to sxiah a degree 
that he could not move it, he became utterly 
incapable of speaking, and was confined to 
the house for several days ; he also adds, 
that it is said to impart an indelible stain 
to linen. — Ex. Bot. P. Brown states, that 
its stalk is employed to bring sugar to a good^ 
grain when it is too viscid, and cannot be made 
to granulate properly by the application of 
lime alone. Synonymes : 1, Arum cucullatum ; 
2, A. grandifblium : 3, O. segvknwm macula- 
turn; 4, O. grandif&liwm ; 5> Arum virgini- 
cum; 6, A. xanthorizum ; 7, Adntias sagitti- 
fblium. See Acdnlias, Aglionema, Amorpho- 
phdttus, Cukasia, Dieffenb&chia, Gonatdn- 
thus, Peltdndra, Philodindron, Pythdnium, 
RemusaUa, Syngdnium, Xanthosbma, 



aculeatum . . 

am£bile . . 

arboreseens . 

arboreum . . 

afflne- . . . 

argenteum 

argyrites 

aurltum . . 

blcolor . 
Chantini . . 
Neumanni . 
Verschaffeltii 
Bclleyznei . 
Cannartii . 
cupreum . 
cucullatum 1 



White 4, 
White 6, 
White 6, 
White 6, 
Yl. w. 6, 
White 6, 
Whites, 
White 6, 
White 6, 
Gr.yl. 4, 
White 8, 
.2 Wht.6, 
Gr. yl.4, 
White 6, 
E. or. 4, 
Green 3, 



8. CI. 8. 


4 Surinam 


. 1822 


S.Ev. 8. 






S. Ev. 8. 


8 W. Indies 


. 1759 


S. Ev. 8. 


10 Cumana 


. 1820 


8. Her. P. 






S: Her. P. 






S. Her. P. 






S.Ev. 8. 


4 America 


. 1739 


8. Her. P. 


2 Madeira 


. 1773 


8. Her. P. 


Para 


. 1860 


8. Her. P. 


Para 


. 1859 


S. Her. P. 


Para 


. 1800 


S. Her. P. 






S. Her. P. 






8. Her. P. 






S.Ev. S. 


4 China 


. 1826 



CAL 



97 



CAL 



Devonianum . Pk. w. S. Her. P. Brazil . . 

odule . . . White 3, 8. Her. P. 2 Guiana. . 1800 
finckii . . . White 4, 8. Her. P. 

esculentum . White 4, S. Her. P. 2 America . 1739 

f 3T™ ntISSi " \ Red 6, S. Bv. CI. 4 Denierara . 1832 

mum . . ) ' 

formdsum . . S. Her. P. 

. Gaerdtii . . . Pk. w. 8. Her. P. 
grandifdlium 2 White 6, 8. Bv. S. 6 Caraecas . 1803 

lium 0ria '. } White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 3 Caraecas .1796 
Houlleti' ! . S. Her. P. 

Kaageanum S. Her. P. 

Kochii . . Pk. w. S. Her. P. Brazil . . 
lanceanum . S. Her. P. 

lacerum . . White 4, 8. By. 8. 4 Caraecas . 1822 
Lemaireanum Pk. w. 8. Her. P. Brazil . . 
lividum . . Dingy 9, S. Her. P. 1 W. Indies . 1828 
maculatum 3 . Green 3, 3. Ev. 8. 4 8. America 1820 
marmoratum . 8. Her. P. 

miiSbile . . 8. Her. P. 

n iium hie . iR> ." ] White 4, 8. Her. P. 1 E. Indies . . 1800 

odoratum . White 6, S. Her. P. 2 Pegu . .1818 

ovatum . . White 3, S. Her. P. 1 B. Indies . 1818 

pallidiuervum 8. Her. P. 

pedatum . . White 4, S. Her. P. 1 Brazil . . 1824 

petiolatum . White 6, S. Tu. P. 2 PernandoPo 1832 

pictum ... 8. Her. P. 

pinnatifldum White 4, S. Her. P. 2 Caraecas . 1817 

piimilum . . White 6, 8. Her. P. 1 Nepal . . 1820 

regale ... S. Her. P. Brazil . . 

Reichenbachu S. Her. P. 

rubrovenium . S. Her. P. 

sagittifolium . White 4, S. Her. P. 1 W. Indies . 1710 

scaiidens . . White 6, S. Her. P. 6 Guinea . . 1822 

Sohmftzii . White 8. Her. P. 

viride . . Gr. w. 8. Her. P. 
segulnum . . White 3, 8. Bv. 3. 6 America . 1759 
Simsii 4 . . White 4, S. Ev. CI. 6 
splendidfs- ) pk 8. Her. P. Brazil . 

simum . ) 
Thelemanni . 8. Her. P. 

tripartltum . White 6, 8. Ev. 8. Caraecas . 1816 
Veltchii . . 8. Her. P. Borneo . . 

violaceum . . Pur. 9, S. Tu. P. 1 Antilles . . 1840 
virglnicum 5 . 6, H. Her. P. 1 Virginia . 1759 

viviparum . . Green 5, 8. Her. P. LB. Indies . 1817 
Wallisii . . . S. Her. P. 

Wlgbtii . . . S.Her. P. 

xanthorhizume White 5, 8. Ev. 8. 1 1822 

zamisefolium . Yel. 6, 8. Her. P. 2 Brazil . . 182$ 

Calais, De Candolle. The name of a mytholo- 
gical person, who bore scales on his back. 
Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asteraceos. A hardy 
annual, growing in common garden soil. 
Lindleyi . Yellow . 5, H. A. 1 N. America . 1833 

CalamagrOstis, Adanson. Taken from cala- 
mos, a reed, and agroslis, grass. Linn. 3, Or. 
2, Nat. Or. Oraminacece. Mere weeds of sim- 
ple culture. Synonymes : 1, Ar&ndo epigejos ; 
2, A. Pseudophragmites ; 3, O. sylvdtica ; 4, 
Ar&ndo Calamagr6stis ; 5, Agrdstis Calama- 
grtstis ; 6, Ar&ndo striata ; 7, O. armidinacea ; 
8, Ar&ndo hilmilis — acutifldra, conflnis, effusa 
1, glauea, Halleriana 2, Hdstii 3, lanceolata 4, 
Langsddrfii, laxa, litt&rea, montana, speci5sa 
5, stricta 6, strigdsa, sylvatica 7, tenella 8, 
varia. 

CalamarIjB, fossil plants resembling reeds. 

Calambac See Aquilaria and Aloixylon. 

Calamif6rme, reed or quill-shaped. 

CalamIna, Roemer. Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Gramindceos. Synonyme : 1, AplUda mtilica. 
gigantea . . Green . 7, S. Grass 1J I. of Luzon 1822 
mtitica . . Green . 7, S. Grass li E. Indies . 1816 

Calamint. See Calamintha. 

CAXAMfNTHA, Pursh. From kalos, beautiful, 



and mmtha, mint., Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat, Or. 
Lamiacece. The species of this genus hare 
little to recommend them ; all that can be said 
is, that they are ornamental ; they grow with- 
out difficulty in common loamy soil, and are 
increased by suckers. Synonymes ; 1, Thfrmis 
carolini&na ; 2, Melissa grandifldra ; 3, Ndpeta 
marifblia; 4, Melissa NSpeta ; 5, M. calamin- 
tha, Thymus calamintha; 6, O. officinalis, 
Melissa calamintha, M. Nipeta, M. umbrdsa. 
Slba .... White 7, H. Her. P. I Hungary . 1818 
caroliniana 1 . Flame 6, H. Her. P. 1 Carolina . 1804 
cretica . . . Purple 6, P. Bv. 8. & 8. Europe 1696 
frutiebsa . . Purple 8, P. Ev. 8. f Spain . . 1752 
grandifldra 2 . Bed . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Italy . . 1596 

variegata . Bed . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Italy . . 
marifdlia 3 . Purple 6, H. Her. P. 1J Spain . . 1788 
mimuloldes . Bed yl. 6, P. Ev. S. 14 California 1848 
Nepeta 4 . . Blue . 8, H. Her. P. lj Bng., ch. hills. 
sylvStica 6 . Bed . 6, H. Her. P. 1 I. Wight, wds. 
vulgaris 5. .Bed .7, H. Her. P. 2 Eng. , bor. field. 

CalAmpelis, D. Don. Compounded from kalos,- 
pretty, and ampelis, a vine, its habit of growth 
being to ramble like that plant. Linn. 14, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Bignonidcece. This is a species 
of great merit, capable of enduring the open 
air ; when in full flower it has an elegant ap- 
pearance ; the situation for it is against a south 
wall, trained up a pillar, over a vase, &c. Any 
light loamy soil suits it ; and young plants 
from cuttings are readily obtained. Synonyme : 
1, Eccremocarpus sedber. 

scSbra 1 . . Orange . 7, P. Ev. CI. 10 Chile . . 1824 
Calamus, Linn. Taken from kalam, signifying 
a reed, in Arabic. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Palmacece. This is a fine genus, holding a 
middle station between the grasses and palms, 
with the habit of the former and inflorescence 
of the latter. They succeed best in a moist 
atmosphere in rich sandy loam, and are in- 
creased' by seed. The resin called dragon's- 
blood is obtained by wounding C. Draco. C. 
mldcca is cultivated for its fruit, which is 
about the size of a walnut, and covered with 
scales like those of a lizard ; within these 
scales are two or three sweet yellow kernels. 

. 5, 8. Palm. 50 E. Ind. . 1812 
, 5, S. Palm. 20 Australia 
. 5, S. Palm. 40 E. Ind. . 1819 
. 5, 8. Palm. 20 E. Ind. . 1824 
. 5, 8. Palm. 200 E. Ind. . 1812 
. 5, S. Palm. 20 Co. China 1824 
. 5, 8. Palm. 20 E. Ind. . 1812 

CALANDRfNiA, Humboldt and Bonpland. In 
honour of J. L. Calandrini, a German botanist. 
Linn. 11, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Portulac&ceoe. Tho 
species of this genus are very pretty, and grow 
well in loam and peat carefully incorporated ; 
multiplied from seeds or cuttings. Synonymes: 
1, Tallm/wm. ciliatum ; 2, T. pamculatwm ; 3, 
T. wmbellai/wm. 





."White 


austnUis . 


. Green 


Dr^co . . 


. Green 


nlger . . 


. Green 


rudfintum 


. Green 


vferus . 


. Green 


Zolicca . 


. Green 



Andrewsii 

arenaria . 

ascendens 

ciliata 1 . 

caulescens 

compreasa 

discolor . 

grandifldra 

glauca 

Llavia 

Lockharti 



. Bose . 8, G. De. S. 
. Or. red 7, H. Her. P. 
. Purple 6, S. Her. P. 
. Purple 8, S. A. 

. Rose . 8, H. A. 

. Bose . 8, H. A. 

. 7, G. Her. P. 



# W. Ind. 
i Valpar. 
i Brazil 
J Chile . 
f Mexico 
i Chile 
1 Chile 



Purple 7, S. Her. P. 1 Chile . 



Bose . 8, G. A. 

. Purple 4, 8. Her. P. 
. Bose . <S, G. De. 8. 



.1812 
. 1831 

! 1823 
. 1827 
. 1826 
. 1834 
. 1826 
. 182T 



1 Chile . 
| Mexico 
1 Trinidad. 1S25 
H 



CAL 



98 



CAL 



monahdra . Red . 8, H. A. J Chile . . 1S37 

nitida . . Bed . 8, G. A. 1 Chile . . 1837 

paniculata2. Purple 7, S. Her. P. 11 8. Amer. 1816 
phacosperma Rose . 8, G. B. 1 Peru . . 1827 

proctimbens . Red . 8, H. A. 1 S. Amer. 1837 

speci6sa . . Purple 6, H. Her. P. J California 1831 
umbellata 3 . Rose . 7, H. A. 1 Peru . . 1836 

CalAnthe, B. Brown. From kalos, beautiful, 
and anlhos, a flower ; literaUy a ' ' pretty 
blossom." Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchi- 
dacece. This is a genus of very pretty plants 
when in flower. They require a light airy 
part of the house, otherwise the flowers will 
not open freely, neither will their colours be so 
good. The plants must never be saturated 
with water ; in every other respect they re- 
quire the same treatment as is recommended 
for Bletia. Synonymes : 1, Ambygldttis bicolor ; 
2, A. veratrifblia, BUlia Mas&ca; 3, Amby- 
gldttis vestlta, Alismdrchis vestlta, Cenlrbsia 
vestlta : 4, C. australis. See Ania. 
abbreviate, . S. Ter. Java, 

angustifblia S. Ter. Java . . 

australis . Yellow 6, S. Ter. 1 N. S. W. 1823 
blcolnr 1 . Tel. red 8, G. Ter. 1J Japan . 1837 
brevicbrnu . Rose w. 8, 8. Ter. 11 Nepal . 1838 
clavata . S. Ter. Sylhet . 

comdsa . . 8. Ter. Neilgher. 

cu ^ igo1 " I Orange . 10, S. Ter. 2 Malacca. 1844 

densifldra . Yelah 9, S. Ter. £ E. Ind. . 1837 

discolor . . White 5, G. Ter. 1 Japan . 1837 

D6minii . Rose Si, 8. Ter. 1 Hybrid, gard. 

emarginata . Vio. or. . 6,8. Ter. 1 Java . . 

flavicans . Wht. bl. 4, S. Ter. 1£ B. Ind. . 183S 

fureata . . White . 8, G. Ter. 1 Luxonl. 1836 

gracilis . . Yellow . 8, S. Ter. 1 Sylhet .'1852 

Grimthii . S. Ter. Bootan . 

Masuca 2 . Vio. pur. 6, S. Ter. 3 B. Ind. . 1838 

ochracea . Pa. yel. . 4, S. Ter. 11 Japan . 1836 

parviflbra . S. Ter. Java . . 

plantaginea Lilac . 2, 8. Ter. 1 Nepal . 1838 

puberula . 8. Ter. Sylhet . 1851 

pulchra . . Orange . 8, 8. Ter. 1 Java . . 

purpurea . Purple . 8, 8. Ter. 1J Ceylon . 

Sieb61dii . 8. Ter. 2 B. Ind. . 1837 

speci&sa . . Orange . 4, 8. Ter. 1 Java . . 

striata . . 8. Ter. Japan 

sylvatica White . 5, 8. Ter. 2 Madag. . 1823 

sylvestris . White . 6, S. Ter. 1 Madag. . 1823 

tricarinata . S. Ter. Nepal . 

Veltchii . . Pur. rose 5, 8. Ter. 2 Borneo . 

hybrida . Rose . 4, 8. Ter. 1 Hybrid, gard. 

veratrifblia 4 White . 4,8. Ter. 2 Java. .1819 

vorsfcolor . Wht. bl. 8, 8. Ter. 2 Maurit. 1836 

vestlta 3 . W. aim. 11, 8. Ter. 2 E. Ind. . 1848 

lutea . . Cream .'11, 8. Ter. 2 Hybrid.gard. 

viridifdlia . Gr. br. . 11, 8. Ter. 1 Assam . 1851 

vrridifueca . Gr. br. . 11, 8. Ter. 1 E. Ind. . 1852 

Calathea, Meyer. The name applies to the 
form of the stigma, and is derived from kala- 
thos, a basket or cup. Linn. 1, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Marantaceoz. The plants of this genus are 
interesting and ornamental. 0. zebrina is 
much admired on account of the stripes on the 
leaves, which resemble the marks on a zebra's 
back ; whence the specific name. They grow 
well in the stove, in sandy peat ; and are in- 
creased by divisions. Synonyme ; 1, Mardmta 



AUoirya . 
flavescens 



. White . 
. Yellow 



grandiiblia . Yellow 



longibrae- 
teata . 
macilenta 
orbiculata 
Rossii . . 



9, 8. Her, P. 
8, 8. Her. P. 
7, S. Her. P. 



2 Trinidad. 1824 

1} Brazil . 1822 

2 Rio Jan. . 1826 



!• Purple 7, 8. Her. P. 1 Brazil 

. White . 12, S. Her. P. 
. Yellow 8, 8. Her. P. 
. Yellow 4, S. Her. P, 



11 Rio Jan. . 1826 
2 W. Ind. . 1830 
1 Brazil . 1825 



villbsa . . Yellow 4, S. Her. P. 11 Brazil . 1825 

pardlna . Yellow 4, 8. Her. P. 1 Guiana . 185S 

violacea . . Purple 7, S. Her. P. 11 Brazil . 1815 

zebrina . . Rd.yel. 8, 8. Her. P. 2 Brazil . 1815 

Calathian violet. See Oentiana pnewmon- 



Calb6a, Car. Named in honour of Don L. 
Calbo, a Spanish botanist. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Convolvulacece. A genus of plants of 
easy culture, growing in common soil, and in- 
creased by cuttings, 
globbsa . . Red . . 6, G. De. CI. 6 Mexico . 1843 

Calcaeatb, spurred, having a spur. 

Calcareous, chalky. 

Calceiform, like a little shoe. 

Calceolaria, Linn. Named from calceolus, 
alluding to the form of the corolla. Linn. 2, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Scrophularidceee. This is a 
favourite genus, and contains some very showy 
species, from which an almost countless num- 
ber of handsome hybrids have been raised and 
are raising. The herbaceous and shrubby 
kinds are chiefly cultivated. They thrive in 
a turfy loam, peat, and sand mixed, or any 
kind of rich, open, sandy garden mould seems 
to suit them. The place most favourable to 
their successful growth is a pit or frame, where 
they must be potted and watered with judg- 
ment. Some cultivators turn them out in the 
flower-garden, where they make a brilliant 
display ; others flower them in pots, with per- 
fect success, in the greenhouse ; the latter way 
is generally preferred for the rare and superior 
kinds. Young cuttings planted in soil, under 
a glass, root freely ; they are also increased 
from seed, which it is recommended to sow as 
soon as ripe. The annual species require to be 
sown in heat, and when up, potted off, and 
afterwards brought on for flowering in the 
greenhouse. Synonymes: 1, tinctdria; 2, 
diffusa; 3, floribiinda ; 4, An&mala pendula ; 
5, 0. viscoslssima, rugosa macrophylla, rugosa 
latifllia; 6, Bcea violacea, Jovellana viola- 
cea j 7, Bdea pwnctata, Jovellana pwnctata. 
SSca . . White. 6, G. Ev. S. 1J Chile . . 1844 
"cfulta". } Yel - -a, a. Her. P. 11 Peru. .1845 
angustiflbra . Yel. . 6, G. Ev. S. 1J Peru . .1830 
arachnoldeal Purp. 6, G. Her. P. 1 Chile . . 1827 
alba . . . White. 6, G. Her. P. 1 Hybrid . 1833 
canariensis Yel. . 6, G. Ev. 8. 1 Canaries 
cuneifbrmis Yel. . 6, G. Ev. 8. 11 Bolivia . 1846 
reffflgens . Red . 6, G. Her. P. 1 Hybrid . 1833 
ascehdens . Yel. . 7, G. Ev. 8. 1 Cosdill. . 1826 
Atkinsbnia . Y. red 7, G. Ev. 8. 11 Hybrid . 1830 
bicolor 2 . . Yel. . 8, G. Ev. 8. 2 Peru . . 1329 
califbrnica . Yel. . 8, G. Ev. 8. 1J California 
chiloensis . Yel. . 8, G, Ev. S. 2 Chiloe . 1830 
connata 3 . Yel. G. B. 3 Chile . . 1824 

corymbbsa . Yel. . 5, G. Her. P. 1 Chile . . 1822 
orenatiflbra 4 Y. spt. 6, F. Her. P. 11 Chile . . 1831 
flexubsa . . Yel. . 6, G. Ev. 8. l| Peru . . 1846 

° h noSes } TeL - 4 ' F - A '! Pera ' - 1846 

ericoldes . Yel . 6, F. Ev. 8. 1 Columbia 

hyssopifbliaW. yel. 6, F. Bv. 8.1 Quito. . 

floribunda . Pa. y. 9, G. Bv. 8. 1 Quito . .1843 

Fothergflli . Orange 4, F. Her. P. 1 Falls:. Is. . 1777 

Gellaniana . Ochre. G. Her. P. 4 Hybrid . 1830 

Herbertlanal Yel. . 6, G. Her. P. 2 Chile . . 1828 

parvifibra . YeL . 4, G. Bv. 8. 2 Valpar. . 1836 

hlans . . . Yel. . 6, G. Ev. Her. 1 Hybrid . 1830 

Hope&na . . YeL . 5, G. Her. P. 1J Hybrid . 1830 



OAL 



integrif&lia . Tel. . 8, 



angusti- 

fSlia . 

viscosissi- 

ma 5 . 

Knypersli- 

ensis . 

Martmsea 

II l i l.'i'l l iliM . 

Morrisbni 
Pavonii . 
pendula . 
pinnata 



•Yel. 



P. Ev. 
G. Ev. 



S. 2 Chile . 
S. 1* Chile . 



. 1822 
. 1822 



Tol. . 8, G. Ev. S. 2J Chile . 



Tel. or. G. Her. P. 



. Y. apt. 7, G. Her. 
Purp. G. Her. 
. Ochre. 6, G. Ev. 



P. 

P. 2 

S. 2 

P. 2 



Tel. 
Tel. 
Purp. 
Purp. 



polifdlia 
polyantha 
punctata . 
purpurea . 

elegans . 

plcta . . 

' rugdsa 

scabiossBfolia Tel. 

stricta 



i Hybrid 

1 Hybrid 

2 Hybrid 
Hybrid 
Peru . 
Chile . 
Peru ■ 
Chile . 
Chile . 
Hybrid 
Chile . 
Chile . 
Chile . 
Chile . 
Chile . 
Chile . 

8. 11 N. Gren. 
S. 1$ Valpar. 
P. Hybrid 
S. 1J Peru . 
S. 14 Chile . 
~ H Chill 



s. 

A. 2 
P. 1 
P. 1 
P. 3 

S. 2 
P. 1 
P. 1 
P. 1 

S. 2 
Tr. 2 



1834 

1830 
1834 
1830 
1848 
1831 
1773 
1S27 



. 1830 
. 1862 
. 1827 
. 1832 
. 1832 
. 1822 
. 1822 
1846 
. 1832 
. 1841 
. 1848 
. 18'27 
. 1855 
. 1831 
. 1830 
. 1830 
. 1846 
. 1830 
. 1830 



. Tel. . 6, G. Her. 

. T. apt. 7, G. Ev. 

. Tel. . 7, G. 

plantaginea . Tel. . 8, G. Hor. 

" ' . 7, G. Her. 

, 5, G. Her. 

6, G. Ev. 

7, G. Her. 
. Pa. pur. 6, G. Her. 
. W.pur. 6, G. Her. 
. Tel. . 8, F. Ev. 

. 6, G. Ev. 
. Tel. . 6, G. Ev. 
. Yel. . 9, P. Ev. 
Btandfshii . Br.yel. 6, G. Hor. 
tetragbna Tel. . 6, G. Ev. 
thyrsifldra . Tel. . 6, G. Ev. 
violacea . . Violet. 6, F. Ev. 
Wheeleri. . Purp. 5, F. Her. P. l" Hybrid 
Youngii . . Oohre 5, G. Her. P. 2 Hybrid 
atra . . . Dark . 5, G. Her. P. 2 Hybrid 
cuneif&lia . Tel. . 5, G. Her. P. Bolivia 
dilecta . . Brown 5, G. Her. P. 2 Hybrid 
pallidior . Pale . 5, G. Hor. P. 2 Hybrid 

Garden varieties. — These are too numerous 
too allow of even a select list ; many however 
are very beautiful. 

Calce6lus. See CypripMium Calceblus. 

CALcfTEAPA. See Centauria CalcUrapa. 

Caldasia, Wild. In memory of J. Caldas, a 
Bogotan naturalist- Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Api&cece. This very handsome species thrives 
well in sandy peat, mixed with a little loam ; 
seeds. Synonyme: 1, Bonpldndia gemini- 
flbra. 
hoterophylla . Blue . 7, S. A. IS N. Spain . 1813 

CALDCLtrviA, Q. Don. Named after Alexander 
Caldcleugh, F.R.S., &c, who collected and 
sent home many dried plants from Chile. 
Linn. 8, Or. 8, Nat. Or. Cunonicbcece. For 
culture, see Weinmdnnia. Synonyme : Wein- 
mdnnia paniculdta. 
paniculata . White . 6, G. Ev. S. 4 Australia . 1831 

Galea, B. Broion. Derived from kalos, beauti- 
ful ; in allusion to the showy flowers. Linn. 
19, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Asteracece. The species 
are very showy, and easily cultivated ; a 
loamy soil mixed with peat is best ; cuttings 
root without difficulty in soil or sand 
Bdccharis, 



99 OAL 

Caley, sometime superintendent of the Botanic 
Garden, St. Vincent. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Orchiddcece. A genus of pretty plants, 
requiring the same treatment as Caladinia. 
major . . 
minor . . 
nlgrita . 

Calectasia, 
Juncdcece. 



cordif dlia . 
jamaicensis 
aolidaginea 
leptophylla 



. Purple . 6, S. Ev. S. 
. Purple . 6, S. Ev. S. 

Purple . 6, 8. Ev. 8. 

White . 6, F. Ev. S. 



14 Jamaica 
3 W. Indies 
Caraccas 



1822 
1789 
1817 



2 N. Zealand 1824 
Caleacte, R. Brown. From kalos, beauty, 
and akte, sea-shore; the species being orna- 
mental there. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Asteracece. A showy species, of easy culture 
and propagation. Synonyme : 1, Solidhgo 
urticcefilia. 

pinnatifida . Tellow . 6, S. Ev. S. 2 Brazil . . 1816 
urticisfdlia 1 . Tellow . 7, S. Ev. 8. 2 Vera Cruz 1740 

Caleana, S. Brown. In honour of George 



Gr. brn. 6, G. Ter. 1 N. S. Wales . 1810 
Gr. brn. 6, G. Ter. | N. Holland . 1822 
Dark . 6, G. Ter. 1 Swan Eiver . 1810 

Brown. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Discovered by Mr. Brown, in 
South- "Western Australia. This elegant flower- 
ing rush is easy of cultivation, as a greenhouse 
plant ; it requires to be potted in sandy loam, 
and to stand in a shady situation. Synonyme : 
1, LTHttia ilegans. 

cyanea . . Blue . 6, G. Her. P. 1 Australia . 1840 
Calendula, Linn. Named from calendce, the 
first day of the month ; there being flowers 
almost any month in the year. Linn. 19, Or. 
4, Nat. Or. Asteracece. A genus of showy 
plants, among which is the old and well-known 
O. officinalis, or common marigold. This 
species was formerly used in soups and broths, 
but is now little regarded. The greenhouse 
species thrive well in loam and peat mixed ; 
and cuttings root freely in sand, under a glass. 
The half-hardy annuals it is recommended to 
sow in a gentle heating hotbed, from whence 
they must be transplanted into the open 
ground ; the hardy kinds merely require to be 
sown in the open borders. Synonyme: 1, G. 



. Yellow 12, 
. Tellow 6, 
. Tellow 8, 

Tellow 4, 

Tellow 5, 
Tellow 12, 
Yellow 6, 
Yellow 5, 
White . 6, 
Tellow 7, 
Tellow 8, 
Yellow 12, 
W. pur. 7, 
Orange 6, 
Orange 6, 
Yellow 8, 
White . 6, 
Yellow 6, 
Yellow 6, 
Yellow 7, 



ie-1 



arborescens 
arvensis . 
asterias 
chrysanthe- 

mifblia 
dentata 
denticulata 
fruticdsa . 
graminifdlia 
nybrida . 
incana . . 
niexicana . 

] QUricata . 

nudicaulis 
officinalis . 

plena . . 
oppositifolia 
pluvialis 
sancta . . 
siciua 1 . . 
stellata 

suffruticdsa . Yellow 12. 
Tragus . . . W. pur. 5. 

flaccida . . Orange 5, 
viscdsa . . . Orange 8, 

CalepIna, Adanson. 
15, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
annual, of easy culturi 
grum iberioides. 
Corvlni . . White . 5, H. A. 1J S. Europe . 1816 

Caleya. See Oaleana. 

CALfciTJM, Acharius. The name is expressive of 
the organs of reproduction ; aud derived from 
kalypion, a little cup. Linn. 24, Or. 8, !Nat. 
Or. Oraphidacece. Curious white or grey pro- 
ductions appearing in patches on wood or 
boards exposed to the air — aciculare, cerugi- 
nosum, canfharillwm, capitellatum, cceruUs- 
cens, chrysocephalwm, claviculare, crustatum, 
c&rtum, dibile, femigineum, hyperillum, in- 

h 2 



G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. 


1774 


H. A. 2 Europe 


1597 


H. A. 14 N. Eur. 


1838 


G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 


1790 


G. Ev. 8. H O. G. H. 


. 1790 


G. Ev. 8. 2 Barbary 


1821 


G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 


. 1752 


G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. 


1731 


H. A. 1 C. G. H. 


1752 


H. A. 1J Barbary 


1796 


H. A. l| Mexico 


1829 


G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 




H. A. 1 C. G. H. 


1731 


H. A. 3 8. Eur. 


1573 


H. A. 3 Gardens 




G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 


1774 


H. A. 1 C. G. H. 


1699 


H. A. 2 Levant 


1731 


H. A. 1 Sicily . 


1816 


H. A. 2 Barbary 


1795 


G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. 


1823 


G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 


1774 


G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 


1774 


G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. 


1790 


Not explained. Linn. 


Brassicacece. A curious 


e. Synonyme : J, Myh- 



CAL 



100 



CAL 



. 7, G. Her. T. 2 China . . . 1813 

. 5, G. Her. P. 2,China . . . 1817 

. 7, G. Aq. P. } N. America . 1768 

. 5, G. Ev. Cr. 6 W. .Indies . 1752 



guinans, marginatum, microciphalam, r6si- 
dum, spheeroce'phalum, sUgon&Uum, terebinU- 
lum, tigillare. 

Calico bush. See K&lmia lalifblia. 

CALfMBBTS, De Oandolle. From kalos, pretty, 
and mens, a part. JArm. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Asteracece. Synonyme: Aster cassiurdbicus. 
See jfster. 
cassiarabica , Purple . 9, H. Her. P. Russia . 1834 

CAlfNBA. See Soliocdrpus Calinea. 

Caliphuria, Herbert. Derivation unknown. 
Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Amaryllidacece. 
These plants ' ' are evidently akin to Burijcles 
of A'mboyna and Australia, forming a link be- 
tween JSurpcles and Grifflnia." For culture, 
&c, refer to Amaryllis. 

Hartwegiana Yellow . 5, S. EL P. 1 N. Grenada 1S43 
Herbertiana .. Yellow . 5, S. Bl. P. 1 

GIlla, Linn. From kalos, beauty. Linn. 7, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Aracece. These species are 
showy and worth cultivation, they grow freely 
in any rich soil ; and increase by seeds, or 
divisions. Synonyme : 1, Drac6ntium per- 
tUsum. See SieharcMa,, Homalonima, Mdns- 
tera, and Peltdndra. 
aromatica. White 
occulta . . "White 
paltistris . White 
pertilsa 1 . White 

Calliandra, Bentham. 'Emvajsalos, beautiful, 
and aner andros, stamen, in allusion to the 
length and beautiful colour of the stamens. 
Limn. 16, Or. 8, Nat. Or. Fabacece. Elegant 
shrubs, related to Mimosa, easily cultivated in 
light rich soil, and propagated by cuttings, 
planned in sand and plunged in a gentle heat. 
Synonyme: 1, I'nga Hdrrissii. 

brevipes . .Crimson 3, S. Ev. S. 6 Brazil . . 1849 
Hamssii 1 . Rose . 2, S. Bv. S. 10 Brazil . . 1845 
Tweedii . . Scar. cri. 3, 8. Ev. S. 6 Mexico . . 1845 

Oallicarpa, Linn. Named in reference to the 
pretty berries ; from kalos, beautiful, and kar- 
pos, Iruit. Linn, 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Verbe- 
jiacece. The species of. this genus are hand- 
some, and succeed well in loam and peat 
mixed. Cuttings strike without difficulty in 
sand or soil. The bark of C. Lantana has a 
peculiar subaromatic and slightly bitter taste, 
and is chewed by the Cingalese, when they 
cannot obtain betel leaves ; the Malays reckon 
the plant diuretic. Synonymes: 1, 0. tomen- 
tdsa ; 2, 0. japcmica. 

americana . Red . 6, G. De, S. 4 N. Amer. 
arb6rea , . Purple 8, S. Ev. T. 10 E. Indies 

. Purple 6, S. Ev. S. 8 E. Indies 

. Blue . 6, S. Ev. S. 

, Red . 7, S. Ev. S. 

. Pa. pk. 9, P. Dec. 8. 

. Purple 6, 8. Ev. S. 

. Purple 7, 8. Ev. 

. White 4, S. Ev. 
xoacroph^lla . Pink . 6, 8. Ev. 
purpurea . . Purple 7, S. Ev. 
reticulata . , Red . 7, 8. Ev. 
rubella . . . Red , 5, S. Ev. 
Callicephaltjs. See Centaibrea nltens. 
Callicheoa, Fischer and Meyer. From kalos, 
beautiful, and chroa, colour ; in reference to 
the colour of its flowers. Linn. 19, Or. 2, 
Nit, Or- Asteracece. This little plant is well 



eana 1 
ferruginea 
incana . , 
japonica . 
lanata . . 
lanceuluria 
Jongjfojia 2 



S. 



2 Jamaica 
4 E. Indies 
4 Japan . 

4 E. Indies 

3 E. Indies 
8 China . 

5 India . 

3 E. Indies 

4 Jamaica 
2 China . 



1724 

1820 

1799 

, 1794 

. 1800 

1850 

. 1788 

.1822 

. 1825 

, 1808 

, 1822 

. 1820 

, 1822 



entitled to a plaoe in every flower-border, as 
well on account of its .dwarf and slender 
habit as of its rich golden-colaured flowers. 
It grows well in common garden soil, and is 
increased from seed, which should be reared on 
a hotbed, 
platyglossa . Yellow . 10, H. A. 1 California 1S.15 

Caulic6.cca. See Cephaelis. 

CALiicOMA, Bot. Sep. The name is expressive 
of the pretty bunches of yellow flowers ; and 
is derived from kalos, beautiful, and kome, hair. 
Linn. 11, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Cunoniacece. A 
very showy plant, cultivated with ease in 
fibrous peat and sand ; and cuttings root rea- 
dily in sand, under a glass. 
serratHolia . Yellow 6, G. Ev. S. 8 N. S. W. . 1793 

CALiiGONUM, Linn. Derived from kalos, beau- 
tiful, .and gonwm, a joint ; there being joints 
instead of leaves. Linn. 11, Or. 4, Nat. Or. 
Polygonacece. This species is showy, and re- 
quires sandy open loam to grow it well ; in- 
crease is by cuttings. See A triplex,. 
Pallasia . . Grn. wht. 8, H. Ev. S. 4 Casp. Sea 1780 

Calli&pea, D. Don. So called from Calliope, 
one of the Muses. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Asteracece. This is a pretty dwarf genu's, suc- 
ceeding in any loamy soil, and increased by 
divisions. Synonymes: 1, Letniodon aftreum, 
Mieracium aurewn. 
aurea . . . Yellow . 6, H. Her. P. % Italy . . 1789 

Calliopsis, Reich. Derived from kallistos, 
beautiful, and opsis, the eye ; in allusion to 
the beautiful bright eye of the flower. Linn. 
19, Or. 3, Nat. Or. Asteracece. The flowers of 
these plants are extremely pretty, and well 
suited for the flower-garden. The perennial 
kinds grow in any loamy soil, and the annuals 
merely require sowing ; the tender species 
should be sown in a slight hotbed, and after- 
wards transplanted. Synonymes : 1, Coreopsis 
tinctbria; 2, O. palmata; 3, C. rosea; 4, 
Diplosdstera linctdria ; 5, Coreopsis diversi- 
fblia. 

Atkinsoniana . YL brn. 6, H. A. 2 Columbia 1826 
blcolor 1 . . Yellow 6, H. A. 2 Arkansas 1822 
Drummondi 5 . Yl. pur. 9, H. A. 2 Texas. .1834 
palmata 2 . . Yellow 6, H.Her.P. 2J Louisiana 1823 
rosea 3 . . . Red . 7, H.Her.P. 2 N.Casana 1778 
tinctbria 4 . . Purple. 7, H. A. 3 N. Amer. 1820 
atropurpurea D. pur. 6, H. A. 3 N. Amer. 1S23 

Callipeltis, De Candolle. From kalos, beau- 
tiful, and pelle, a buckler. Linn. 4, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Galiacece. A hardy annual, of no 
beauty, growing in any common soil — cu- 
cullaria. 

Callipr6ra, Lindley. Derived from kalos, 
pretty, and prora, a front ; in allusion to its 
pretty appearance. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or 
Ziliacece. This is a very handsome hardy 
bulbous species, succeeding well in a shaded 
peat border, and increased freely from off- 
sets, 
lufcea . . . Yellow . 8, H. B. P. 1 California . 1831 

CalmpsVche, Herbert. From kalos, beautiful, 
and psyche, a butterfly — beauty of flowers. 
Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Amaryllidaceoe. A 



CAL 



101 



CAL 



new genus of bulbous plants, requiring the 
same treatment as Pancratium. 
eucrosioldes . Scar. gr. 3, S. Bl. P. 2 Mexico . . 1842 
CALLfPTBElS, Bory: From kotos, beautiful, and 
pteris, a fern — beauty of frond's. Linn. 24, 
Or. 1, Nat. Gr. Polypodidcece. Stove ferns, 
requiring similar treatment to Polypbdium. 
Synonymes ; 1, Amsog.im.iwm seramporinse ; 
2, Diplasiiim malab&ricmn; 3, Aspleniuin 
amhiguum, Higrammaria ambig.ua, Diplazium 
pttbescens ; 4, D. ovatum. 
alismsefolia 1 Br. yet 7, S. Her. P. Is. of Luzon, 
flegans . . Br. yel. 7, S.Her.P. 
malabarica 2 . Br. yel. 6, S.Her.P. Malabar. 
ovataS . . Br. yel. 4, S.Her.P. la. ofLeyte. 
prollfera . . Brown 6, S.Her.P. E. Indies, 
spinulosa . . Brown 7, S.Her.P. Java, 
vitteefdrmis . Br. yel. 7, S.Her.P. Sarnar. 
Wallfchii . . Brown 4, S.Her.P. E. Indies, 

CALLlPHtrEBA, Herb. Derivation not known. 
Linn. 6, Orl, Nat. Or. Amaryllidaceee. Bul- 
bous perennials requiring the same treatment 
as stove Amaryllids, and are increased by off- 
sets. 
Hartwegi&na . Gr. wh..5, 8. Bl. P. 1. N. Grenada 1343 

Callirh6e. See M&lva. 

OALLlsi.CE, Fischer. The name alludes to the 
seeds ; and is taken from kalos, beautiful, and 
sakos, a buckler. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Apiacece. A species of little beauty, and easily 
cultivated — dahhrica. 

CALiisiA, Linn. This is a pretty species, hence 
the propriety of the name from kalos, pretty. 
Linn. 3, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Liliacece. This 
plant succeeds in sandy fibrous peat, and is 
increased by division, 
repens . . Blue . 6, S. Tu. P. J W. Indies . 1776 

CALLfSTA. See Erica. 

Callistachys, Ventenat. The name is expres- 
sive of the fine spikes of flowers ; and is de- 
rived from kalos, beautiful, and stachys, a 
spike. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Fabaceoe. 
Beautiful shrubs of easy and free growth ; 
sandy peat and loam is the best soil for them ; 
and young plants are readily obtained from 
cuttings, in sand. Synonyme : 1, C. sardida. 
cuneata . . Yellow . 7, G. Bv. S. 2 N. Holl. . 1824 
lanceolata . Yellow . 6, G. Ev. S. 4 N. Holl. . 1815 
linariaifdlial . Yellow . 6, G. Ev. S. 5 N. Holl. . 1824 
longifona . . Red yel. 6, G. Ev. S. 4 Swan H. . 1839 
ovata . . . Yellow . 6, G. Ev. S. 3 N. Holl. . 1815 
rerfcsa . . . Yellow . 7, S. Ev. S. 4 N. Holl. . 1830 

Callistemma, R. Brown, The name refers to 
the beautiful flowers ; and is derived from Teal- 
listos, prettiest, and stemma, a, crown. Linn, 
19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asteracece. The species of 
this genus are well known in the garden for 
the beauty of their flowers, and the Tittle trou- 
ble required to bring them to perfection. The 
seeds should be sown in a gentle hotbed in 
spring, and the plants removed to the" flower 
borders, or they may be sown as soon as the 
weather permits in the open air, where they 
are wished to flower. Synonymes: 1, Aster chi- 
n&nsis ; 2, A. indicus. 

hortense 1 . . Blue . 7, H. A. 1J China . 1731 
album. . . . White. 7, H. A. lj China .1731 
brachyanthum. Blue .% H. A. 1J China . 1731 
multiplex . . Varieg. 7, H. A. 1J China . 1731 



* hortense J 

riibrum . . . Bed . 7, H. A. 1J China . 1731 

variegatum . . Varieg. 7, H. A. l| China . 1731 

tudlcum 2 . . . Blue . 7, H. A. lj E. Indies 1820 

Callistemon, R. Brown. The name refers to 
the beautiful scarlet colour of the stamens of 
some species ; and is derived from kallistos, 
beautiful, and stemon, a stamen. Linn. 12, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Fabacece. These are species 
of great beauty, and should be cultivated in 
all conservatory or greenhouse collections ; 
particularly those with scarlet or crimson 
flowers. Loam, peat, and sand, is the best 
soil for them ; and ripened cuttings strike 
readily in sand, or sandy loam, under a glass : 
they are also sometimes increased from seeds. 
Synonymes: 1, Metrosidiros cilrinus; 2, M. 
loph&nthus ; 3, M. reguldsus ; 4, M. salignus ; 
5, -M . speciosus ; 6, M. viminalis ; 7, M . viri- 
diflbrus. 

brachyandrum. Cr. Y. 9, G. Ev. S. 6 S. Austra . 1840 

formdsus . . Cr. Y. 5, G. Ev. S. 4 N. Holl. . 1824 

lanceolatus 1 . Crim. 6, G. Ev. S. 10 N. S. W. . 1788 

leptostaehyum . Green 6, G. Ev. S. 6 N. Holl. . 1820 

linearifolius. . Red . 6, G. Ev. S. 10 N. S. W. . 1820 

linearis . . . Scar. . 6, G. Ev. S. 5 N. S. W. . 1788 

lophanthus 2 . Put. . 6, G. Ev. S. 6 N. S. W. . 1800 

marginatus . . White 6, G. Ev. S. 6 N. S. W. . 1816 

mierophylhis . Pmr. . 7, G. Ev. S. 5 N. Holl. 1824 

microstachyum Bed . 3, G. Ev. S. 4 N. Holl. . 1836 

pinifblius . . Green 6, G. Ev. S. 6 N. S W. . 

ptagens . . . Crim. 5, G. Ev. S. 5 N. S. W. . 1827 

rlgidns . . Crim. 4, G. Ev. S. 4 N. HolL . 1800 

ruguldsus 3 . . Pink 5, G. Ev. S. 6 N. S. W. . 1821 

salignus 4 . . Yel. . 6, G. Ev. S. M". HoU. . 1788 

scaber .... Red . 4, G. Ev. S. N. Holl. . 1820 

semperfldrens . Crim. 4, G. Ev. S. 6 N. S. W. . 1818 

specidsus.5. . ■ . Crim,* 4, G. Ev. S. 10 N. S. W. . 1822 

viminalis 6. . . Red . 4, G. Ev. S. 8 N. S. W. . 1800 

viridifldrus 7 . Green 7, G. Ev. S. 5 N. HolL . 1818 

Callistephus, De CandoUe. See Callistemma. 

CALHTHAtrME, Herbert. From kalos, beautiful, 
and (ha/uma, a thing to be admired. Lmn. 6, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. AmaryllidaoecB. Bulbous 
plants, discovered in Peru, by Mr. M'Lean ; 
they require the same treatment as Amaryllis. 
Synonyme : 1, Pancratium mridifldrum. 
angustifolium . Green . 5, G. Bl. P. 1 Peru . . 1839 
spathulatum . Green . 5, S. Bl. P. 1 Truxillo 1839 
viridiflorum 1 . Green . 5, G. Bl. P. 1 Peru . . 1839 

CALLfTEicHE, Wild. Named from halos, beau- 
tiful, and thrix,- hair ; applied by Pliny to a 
plant, which had the colour of beautiful hair. 
Linn. 1, Or. % Nat. Oi. Callitrich&cece, 
Plants not worth . cultivating ; the seeds do 
well thrown into a pond. Synonymes: 1, C, 
aqudtica— autumnalis, pedunculata,platycarpa, 
verna 1, v. aquAtica. 

Callitris, Ventenat. From kalos, beautiful j 
in allusion to its beautiful appearance. Linn. 
21, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Pinacew. This is a beau- 
tiful genus, growing twenty or thirty feet 
high ; like the rest of the family it delights in 
sandy loam ; and increases from seed. Syno- 
nymes : 1, Thiija articulata j 2, Oupressus 
triqvAtra, FrenUa triqvAtra; 3, C. Fothergilli • 
O. macrostachya. See' Frenhla and "Widdring- 
tdnia. 

cupressifbrmis . Apetal 3, G. Ev. T. 20 N. Holl. 1828 

Fothergilli 3 . Apetal 4, H. Ev. T. 15 C. G. H. 

quadrivSlvis 1 . Apetal 2, G. Ev. T. 20 Barbary 1818 

triquetra 2 . . Apetal 4, G, Ev. T. 15 C. G. H. 182Q 



CAL 



102 



CAL 



CallIxene, Comm. From kalos, pretty, and 
xenos, a stranger— beauty of plants. Linn. 6, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Smilacecs. Plants requir- 
ing shelter in a frame or greenhouse, to be 
grown in sandy loam and peat, and increased 
by underground runners. Synonyme : 1, Lu- 
euri&ga ericta. 
polyphylla 1 Wh. rd. 4, G. Her. CI. 10 Chili . 1847 

Callosb, callous, hardened. 

Callously - glandular, having hardened 



Callously serrated, having hardened serra- 
tures. 

Calluna. See Erica. 

Calob<5trya. See Rlbes sanguineum. 

Cal<5cera, Fries: Kalos, beautiful, and keras, 
a hom ; in allusion to the divisions of the 
plants. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Agaricdceoj. 
These are remarkable productions found under 
the bark of various trees — cornea, tuberbsa. 

CalochIlus, Brown. From kalos, beautiful, 
and cheilos, a, lip. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Orchidacece. A genus of bulbous-rooted plants, 
very showy when in flower. The sepals are 
yellowish green, and the lip purple, covered 
with rich brown hairs. They will grow in the 
greenhouse ; but they do best in the stove, 
treated as the BUtias. 

campestris . Gr. bin. . G. Ter. | N. Holland . 1824 
. Brown . G. Ter. i ST. Holland . 1823 



Caloch6rtus, Pursh. From kalos, handsome, 
and chortus, grass. Linn. 6, Or. 3, Nat. Or. 
Liliacece. This is a splendid genus of plants. 
The soil most suitable for them is sandy peat, 
and a little loam ; if the plants are grown in 
pots, they must be carefully drained, and the 
soil only watered as the growth happens to re- 
quire it. In the winter they must be treated 
like other frame bulbs. When the roots re- 
commence growing, shift them into new soil. 
They increase from offsets. Synonyms: 1, 
Cyclobithra ilegans. 

elegans 1 . White . 6, F. Bu. P. J California 1826 
luteus . . . Yel.spot9, P. Bu. P. 1 California 1881 
macrocarpus . Purple . 8, F. Bu. P. 2 California 1826 
nltidus . . . Purple . 8, F. Bu. P. 1 California 1826 
pallidus . . Pa. br. 6, G. Bl. P. 1£ Mexico . 1849 
splendens . W. spot 8, F. Bu. P. l| California 1832 
venustus . . Lilac . 8, F. Bu. P. lj California 1836 

Calodracon. See Dracitna. 

Calodendron, Thunberg. Derived from kalos, 
beautiful, and dendron, a - tree ; in reference to 
the beauty of the plant. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Rutacece. A tall-growing ornamental tree, 
succeeding in loamy soil ; and increases from 
cuttings, 
capense. . Pink . 5, S. Ev. T. 50 C. G. H. . . 1789 

Calonyction, Ghoisy. The circumstance of 
the flowers opening at night has suggested the 
derivation of the generic name, from kalos, 
beautiful, and nyx, night. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Conwlvuldcece. Plants once regarded 
as species of Ipomrea and Convolvulus, consti- 
tute this genus, 
pseudomuricatum . Purple 7, S. Ev. CL 6 E. Ind. 1827 

Calo6se. See Urlica tenacissima. 

Calopetalon. From kalos, beautiful, and pe- 



talon, a petal— beauty of flowers. Linn. 17, 
Or. 4, Nat. Or. Fabacem. Australian plants, 
of easy culture in a mixture of light sandy 
loam and peat, and propagated by cuttings, 
ringens . . Scar. yel. 5, G. Ev. CI. 4 Australia . 1859 
Cal6>HACA, Fischer. Taken from kalos, beau- 
tiful, and phake, lentil. Linn. 1 7, Or. 4, Nat. 
Or, Fabacece. An ornamental species ; it 
grows best in sandy loam ; and is multiplied 
by seeds. Synonymes : 1, Cfitisus nlger, pin- 
natus, Wolgdricus. 
Wolgarica 1 . Yellow . 5, H. Be. S. 2 Siberia . 1786 

CalCSphanes, D. Don. Taken from kalos, 
beautiful, and phaino, to appear ; alluding to 
the flowers. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Acan- 
thacece. This is an interesting addition to our 
hardy border flowers ; it succeeds best in loam 
and peat ; and is readily increased by parting 
the roots. Synonyme: 1, Ruillia oblongi- 
fblia. 
oblongifdlia 1 . Blue 8, H. Her. P. 1 Carolina . 1832 

Calophyllum, Linn. Expressive of the beau- 
tiful leaf ; and taken from kalos, beautiful, 
and phyllon, a leaf. Linn. 15, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Olusiacew. Large-growing timber trees of 
considerable value. Sandy loam suits them 
best ; and young plants are easily procured 
from cuttings. Synonyme: 1, Odlaba. 
Cfflaba . . . White . 5, S. Ev. T. 40 India . . 1780 
Inophyllum . White . 5, S. Ev. T. 100 E. Indies 1793 
sptu-ium 1 . White . 5, S. Ev. T. 40 Malabar . 1800 
Tacamahaca . White . 5, S. Ev. T. 40 Bourbon . 1822 

Calop6gon, R. Brown. From kalos, beautiful, 
and pogon, a beard ; the lip is beautifully 
fringed. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidd- 
cece. This is a beautiful greenhouse plant, 
producing a few purple flowers on a stem, from 
twelve to eighteen inches high. It will grow 
well in peat and loam, and may be increased 
by dividing the tuberous roots. Synonyme : 1, 
Limoddrum tuberosum. 
pulchellus . Purple . 7, G. Ter. 1J N. America . 1771 

Cal6rophus. See Ristio. t t 

Calosc6rdum, Herbert. From kalos, pretty, 
and scordon, garlic. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Liliacece. A genus of bulbous plants, nearly 
allied to Allium, and requiring the same 
treatment as the ornamental species of that 
genus, 
nerinefldrum . Ro. pur. 5, G. BL P. 1J Chusan . 1843 

Calostemma, R. Brown. From kalos, beau- 
tiful, and stemma, a crown ; alluding to the 
flowers. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Amarylli- 
dacece. These are handsome bulbous species, 
of tolerably easy culture ; they thrive best in 
sandy loam and a little peat mixed ; and are 
increased from offsets. 

album . . . White 5, G. Bu. P. 1 N. HoU. . 1824 
carneum . . Flesh . 9, G. Bl P. 1 Australia . 1837 
Cunninghami Hose . 6, G. Bl. P. 1 Moreton B. 
lilteum , , . . Yellow 11, G. Bu. P. 1 N. Hon. . 1813 
purpureum . Purple 11, G. Bu. P. 1 N. Holl. . 1819 

Calothamnus, LabillardUre. From kalos, beau- 
tiful, and tharrmos, a shrub. Linn. 18, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Myrtacew. Beautiful shrubs ; they 
succeed well in sandy peat ; and cuttings 



CAL 



103 



CAL 



root freely in sand, or sandy mould, under a 

clavkta . . Scarlet . 7, G. Ev. S. 2J N. Hoi. . 1824 
gracilis . . Scarlet . 7, G. Ev. S. 3 N. Hoi. . 1803 
longifdlius . Scarlet . 7, G. Ev. S. 3 N. Hoi. . 1840 
quadrifida . Scarlet . 7, G. Ev. S. 3 N. Hoi. . 1803 
villosa . . . Scarlet . 7, G. Ev. S. 3 N. Hoi. . 1803 

CAlothrix, Aga/rdh. The name applies to the 
beauty of the filaments ; and is taken from 
kalos, beautiful, and thrix, a hair. Linn. 24, 
Or. 7, Nat. Or. Confervdceos. Minute, curious 
marine productions, found in little patches 
sometimes floating — confenAcolor, distdrta, fas- 
ciculdta, landta, I. fusciseens,'- luteola, mird- 
bilis, nivea, scopulorum ; Berkleyana, ewspi- 
tula, hypndtdes, interrupta, Mucor, rufisccns. 

Cal6tis, R. Brown. A derivation from halos, 
beautiful, and oils, an ear ; alluding to the 
paleae of the pappus. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Eat. 
Or. Astercicece. This species has wedge-shaped 
leaves, and is very pretty ; it is multiplied by 
divisions,, and grown successfully in any com- 
mon soil, 
ciineifdlia . Blue . 6, G. Her. P. 1. N. Holland . 1819 

Calotropis, S. Brown. Taken from Tcalos, 
beautiful, and tropis, a keel ; alluding to the 
keel of the flower. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Asclepiadacew. Any rich soil suits these beau- 
tiful species, young plants of which are readily 
obtained from cuttings, or seeds. Synonyme : 
1, Asclepias gigdnlea. 

gigantea 1 . . White 8, G. Ev. S. 5 E. Indies . 1690 
procera . . White 8, S. Ev. S. 10 Persia . . 1714 

Calficarpum, Don. From calpis, an urn, and 
karpos, fruit, alluding to the shape of the 
fruit. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Apocyndeece— 
Roxb&rghii. See Cirbera fruticbsa. The plants 
in this genus are said to be species of Kiypsia. 

CalpIJRNIA, Meyer. Name of a Koman lady. 
Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Fabacece. See 
Viriftlia. 

Caltha, Linn. A syncope of kalathos, a goblet ; 
in allusion to the likeness of the form of the 
corolla to a golden cup. Linn. 13, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Rammculaceee. The species are showy, and 
do hest in a moist situation, but will grow and 
flower in a common border. Seeds, or divi- 
sions. Synonyme : 1, ficario\des. 
arctica . . . Yellow 5; H. Her. P. A N. Amer. 1827 
asarifblia . . Yellow i, H. Her. P. £ Unilas . 1824 
bifldra . . . White . 6, H. Her. P. J N. Amer. 1827 
flabellifdlia . Yellow 4, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1818 
Goveniana . Yellow - 4, P. Her. P. 1 N. India 1851 
integerrima . Yellow 5, H. Her. P. i N. Amer. 1827 
leptosepala . Yellow 5, H. Her. P. § N. Amer. 1827 
minor . . . Yellow 5, H. Her. P. £ Britain, hills, 
natans . . Yellow 5, H. Her. P. i Siberia . 1816 
pahistris . .Yellow 4, H. Her. P. 1 Brit., marshes, 
fldre-pleno . Yellow 4, H. Her. P. 1 Brit., gardens. 
pamassifdHal Yellow 4, H. Her. P. i N. Amer. 1815 
rSdicans . . Yellow 4, H. Her. P. i Scot., marshes, 
sagittata . . Grn.yl. 11, H. Her. P. \ C. Horn. 1840 

Caltrops water. See Tr&pa. 

Caltrops. See Tribulus. 

Calumba root. See Bryonia and Cdcculus 

palmatus. 
Calumba root (American). See Frazlra 

Walteri. 
Calycanthace2E, a small order of beautiful 

early flowering shrubs, mostly hardy* and of 

easy cultivation. 



Calycanthus, Linn. From kalyx, a calyx, and 
anthos, a flower ; in allusion to the colour of 
the calyx. Linn. 12, Or. 3, Nat. Or. Caly- 
canthacece. This is a valuable genus, with de- 
lightful fragrant flowers. They succeed in 
open loamy soil, and multiply by layers. See 
Chimondnthus. 

. Brown 6, H. Be. S. 4 Carolina 1726 
. Brown 6, H. Be. S. 6 Carolina 1726 



fertilis 
fl6ridus 
asplenifblius . Brown 7, H. De. S. 6 N. Amer. 



ferox . . . Brown 7, H. Be. S. 6 N. Amer. 

glaticua . . . Brown 7, H. Be. S. 6 N. Amer. 

inodurus . . Brown 7, H. De. S. 6 N. Amer. 

longif&lius . . Brown 7, H. De. S. 6 N. Amer. 

obl6ngus . . Brown 6, H. De. S. 6 N. Amer. 

ovatus .. . .Brown 7, H. Be. S. 6 N. Amer. 

variegatus . . Brown 7, H. Do. S. 6 N. Amer. 

lsevigatus . . Brown 6, H. De. S. 3 N. Amer. 1806 

macroph^llus . Br. pur. 5, H. De. S. 6 California 1848 

oblongjfohus . Brown 5, H. Be. S. 4 N. Amer. 1820 

oecidentalis . . Br. pur. 5, H. De. S. 6 California 1850 

P cus Sy i tT!toi ". } Brown 6 - H - De - s - * PeM yl- ■ 1820 

Calycerack&i, a small order of obscure plants, 
principally from South America. 

Calyciform, formed like a calyx. 

Calycine, of or belonging to the calyx. 

Calycomus. See Acrophfllwm. 

Calycophyllum, De Candolle. From kalux, a 
calyx, and phyllon, a leaf ; one tooth of calyx 
expands into a coloured leaf. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Oinchon&cece. For culture, &c. refer 
to Mussdsnda. 
candidfssimum . White 5, S. Ev. S. 6 Cuba . . 1830 

Calyc6toma, Link. From kalyx, a calyx, and 
tome, a cutting. The calyx, when fallen, has 
the appearance of having been cut off. Linn. 
16, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Fab&cece. Synonymes: 
Citisus spimosus, Genista spinbsa, Spartiwm 
See Cfitisus. 



spinfisa . . Yellow . 6, H. Deo. S. 4 S. Europe . 1596 
CalycULATE, I having bracteas resembling an 
Calyculated, \ external or additional calyx. 
CalymENIA. See Oxybaphus. 
Calypso, Salisbury. Said to be from kalypto, 
to conceal ; in allusion to the habitat of -the 
plant. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidacece. 
These are small, but extremely pretty species, 
well deserving a place in every garden. They 
grow best in sandy loam and peat, in a frame 
or warm border, by a south wall, and are in- 
creased by offsetts from the bulbs. Syno- 
nymes: 1, C. americ&na; 2, O. borehlis. 
americana 2 . Pink . 5, H. Ter. . J N. Amer. 1820 
bore&lis 1 . . Ro. br. 5, P. Ter. . \ N. Amer. 1805 
Calyptra, applied to the body which covers the 
theca in mosses ; anything in the shape of an 
extinguisher. 
GalyptrXnthes, Swartz. From kalyptra, a 
veil, and anthos, a flower ; in allusion to the 
peculiar manner in which the united segments 
of the calyx fall off. Linn. 12, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Myrtacece. Strong-growing ornamental 
timber trees, of easy management. Sandy 
peat suits them ; and young plants are ob- 
tained by layering the branches. Synonyme : 
1, Eugenia caryophyll&ta. See Syzfigium. 
caryophyllifdlial White . 3, S. Ev. T. 25 E. Ind. 1822 
ChytracfiHa . ■ White . 4, S. Ev. T. 25 Jamaica 1778 
Jambolana . . White . 5, S. Ev. T. 20 E. Ind. 1796 
Zuzygium . . . White . 6, S. Ev. T. 25 W. Ind. 1778 



CAL 



104 



CAM 



Calyptraria, Planch. Derived from kalyptra, 
a veil ; racemes with bracts. Linn. 10, Or. 1, 
Hat. Or. Melastom&cece. A magnificent plant, 
resembling Medinilla magm'flca, with large 
showy flowers ; treatment the same as for 
Medinilla, and increased by cuttings, 
haemantha . Dk. pur. 9, S. Ev. S. 2 N. Grenada. 

Calyptrion, Gingins. Derived from kalyptra, 
a veil, and ion, a violet. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Violacece. Pretty species ; peat and loam 
suits them ; and young plants are procured 
from seeds. Syntmymes : 1, Vidla Hyb&nthus, 
Ionidium Hyb&nfhus. See Anchittea. 
Aubletii 1 . . Cream . 5, S. Ev. CI. 6 Guiana . 1823 
pyrif&lium . . Cream . 5, S. Ev. S. 3 Brazil. . 1822 

Calystegia, Loureiro. Named from kalyx, 
calyx, and stega, a covering. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Convolvulacem. A few of these spe- 
cies are very interesting. They all succeed in 
common loamy soil, and are increased by 
divisions. Synonymes: 1, Convblvulus sipium ; 
2, Convblvulus spithamdeus ; 3, Convolvulus 
st&ns. 

Catesbiana . Eoae . 7, H. Ev. Tw. 3 Carolinal816 
dahiiriea . .Pink . 7, H. De. Tw. 1J Dahurial823 
gigantea . . White . 7, H. De. Tw. 20 
hederacea . . Rose . 6, P. Her.Tw. 3 Nepaul 1826 
marginata. .Pink . 7, H. De. Tr. 3 N. Holl. 1824 
pubescens . Rose . 7, G. Ev. Tw. 3 China . 1844 
renif&rmis . Pink . 6, P. Her P. 1 N. S. W. 1822 
sepium 1 . . Wh. gr. 9, H. De. Tw. 10 Brit.,hedges, 

incarnata . Red . 7, H. De. Tw. 4 N. Amer. 
Soldanella. . Flame . 6, H. Ev. Tr. 1 Brit., sea sh. 
spithamia . White .-7, H. De. Tw. 1 N.Amer.1796 
sylvestris 2 . White . 7, H. De. Tw. 1 Hungay.1815 
toment6sa 3 . Wh.pk. 6, H. De. Tr. 1 N.Amer.1818 
paradoxa, renifbrmis. 

Calythrix, LabillardUre. So called from 
kalyx, a calyx, and thrix, hair. Linn. 12, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Myrtaeece. These are handsome 
evergreens, of easy culture; sandy peat and 
loam mixed suits them ; and cuttings take rea- 
dily in sand, t under a glass. 

angulata . . Yellow 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 Swan R. . 1842 
anrea . . Brt.yl. 5, G. Ev. B. Swan R. . 1842 
breviseta . . Pa. lil. 5, G. Ev. S. 2 Swan R. .1843 
eiicoldes . White . 6, G. Ev. S. 2 N HolL . 1824 
floribunda . White . 5, G. Ev. S. 4 N. HolL . 1820 
glabra . . White . 6, G. Ev. S. 4 ST. HoU. . 1818 

glutinosa . Y.pur. 5, G. Ev. S. 2 Swan R. . 1843 
pubescens . . White . 6, G. Ev. S. 4 N. HoU. . 1824 
sapphirlna . Blue . 5, G. Ev. S. 4 Swan R. . 1843 
seabra . . White . 6, G. Ev. S. 4 S. Austra. 1824 
variabilis . Lilac . 5, G. Ev. S. 4 Swan R. . 1842 
virgata . White 5, G. Ev. S. 2 Australia . 1823 

Calyx, the outer envelope' of a flower. 

CAMARfDlUM, Lindley. Kamara, an arched roof ; 
tip of stigma, vaulted. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Orchid&cecs. See Cymbldium ochwleucwm. 

Camara nutmeg tree. See Acrodididium. 

Camaru. See Physddis puMscens. 

Camar6tis, Lindley. Named in allusion to the 
chambered lip. Limn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Orchidaeem. The species of this desirable 
genus may be successfully cultivated in a warm 
and humid stove, placed on a sound rough 
block of wood, with the bases of its lower roots 
protected by moss. Shading must be duly 
attended to. 

brasillensis . White . 5, S. Epi. 3 Brazil . . . 1838 
obtusa . . . Rose . 4, S. Epi. £ India . . . 1844 
purpurea . Purple 6, S. Epi. 1 E. Indies . . 1837 



Camassia, Lindley. From quamass, or eamass, 
its native name in N. America. Linn. 6, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Asphodelacece. The flowers of this 
beautiful plant are nearly two inches in dia- 
meter. Dr. Lindley scarcely remembers to 
have ever seen a more strikingly handsome 
bulbous plant. It requires a peat border, under 
a north wall ; and is increased by bulbs and 
seeds. Synonyme : 1, Quamasia esculinta. 
esculenta 1 . Purple 7, H. Bu. P. 1J Columbia . 1827 - 

Cambium, the viscid fluid which appears between 
the bark and wood of Exogens, when the new 
wood is forming. 

Gamboge. See Garcinia Cambbgict and Cambbgia 
gtitta. 

Cambuy fruit. See Eugenia. 

CamelIna, Crantz. From chamai, on the 
ground, and linon, flax ; in allusion to its 
dwarf habit. Linn. 15, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Bras- 
sicacex. The species have but little beauty, 
and require to be sown in «the open border. G. 
sativa is cultivated in some parts of Europe for 
the sake of the oil which is obtained from the 
seeds. Synonymes: 1, Myagrwm sativum; 2, 
Cheirdnthus sylvistris. 

laxa .... Yellow 6, H. A. 1 Caucasus . 1837 
satlva 1 . . Yellow 6, H. A. 1 Brit., co. fie. 
glabrata . . Yellow 5, H. A. 1 Brit., Co. fie. 
pilbsa 2 . . Yellow 5, H. A. 1 Brit., co. fie. 

austriaca, barbarecefblia, dentala, microcarpa. 

Camellia, Ker. Named in honour of George 
Joseph Kamel, or Gamellus, a Moravian Jesuit, 
and traveller in Asia. Linn. 16, Or. 8, Nat. 
Or. Ternslroemiacece. " All the species of 
Camellia are universally admired by every col- 
lector of plants, on account of their beautiful 
rose-like flowers, and elegant dark-green shin- 
ing laurel-like leaves. They are very hardy 
greenhouse plants and are of easy culture, re- 
quiring only to be sheltered from severe frost. 
The best soil for them is an equal quantity of 
good sandy loam and peat. But some of the 
best Camellia growers have found that light 
loam alone answers very well. The pots should 
be well drained with pieces of potsherds, that 
they may not get soddened with too much wet, 
as nothing injures them more than over- water- 
ing, particularly when they are not in a growing 
state. When growing freely, they can scarcely 
have too much, and they should be watered 
over the leaves with a fine rose-pot ; they are 
readily increased by cuttings, or inarching on 
the common kinds. The cuttings should be 
taken off at a joint as soon as they are ripened, 
and planted in sand, under a glass, where 

■ they will soon strike root ; when this is the 
case they should be planted singly in small 
pots, and set in a close frame, and they 
must be afterwards hardened to the air by de- 
grees." The season most proper to give the 
Camellias a general potting is February and 
March. After this, put them into a peach- 
house or vinery, or a warm greenhouse, and 
give the plants plenty of water while they are 
making their young shoots ; when the season's 
growth is completed, and the flower-buds 
formed, the back of the greenhouse or even a 



CAM 



105 



CAM 



well-sheltered north border will suit them, for 
they will be seriously injured if exposed to the 
rays of the sun. A regular succession of flowers 
may be obtained from autumn till July, if at- 
tention is paid to shifting the "plants to the 
warm atmosphere of a vinery, or pinery, &c. , 
and to one a few degrees colder, and so on till 
they come to expand their flowers in the green- 
house, which in rough, bleak, cold weather, 
should be kept closed. The seeds of O. olel- 
fera yield an excellent table oil. Synonyme : 
1, Sasdnqua rosea. See Polyspdra. 

euryoldes . . White . 5, G.Ev.S. 6 China . . 1824 

hybrida . . .Bed. . 5, G.Ev.S. 8 Liege Hybrid 

japonica . .Red. . 6, G.Ev.S. 12 China . .1739 

Kissi . . . . White . 5, G.Ev.S. 10 China. .1828 

inaliflbra 1 . . Pink . 2, G.Ev.S. 8 China . . 1818 

" oleifora . . .White . 5, G.Ev.S. 6 China . .1819 

reticulata . .Red. . 4, G.Ev.S. 12 China . .1824 

flor. pleno . . Red . . 4, G.Ev.S. 12 China . 

SasSnqua. . .White . 2, G.Ev.S. 6 China . .1811 

anemonefldra . Wh. yel. 2, G.Ev.S. 6 China . .1858 

plena alba . .White . 2, G.Ev.S. 4 China . .1824 

plfcna-rubra .Red. . 2, G.Ev.S. 8 China . .1818 

siSmi-pleua . Bed . . 2, G.Ev.S. 6 China . . 1811 

Acutipitala, Aitbnii, dlba, a. plina, a. semi- 
duplex, a. simplex, a. variegata, Albirti, Alex- 
ina, altheiflbra, Amhirstia, amplissima, ane- 
monefldra, a. dlba, a. carnea, a. Knlghtii, a. 
rosea, a. striata, Antwerpinsis, apunga, dr- 
dens, argentea, atropurpurea, atrorubens, atro- 
violdcea, aucubwfblia, augusta, Beaute Supreme, 
Bedfbrdii, bldnda, Brooksiana, Bruxellensis, 
Buckliana, Burlesiana, candidissima, Candol- 
leana, cardindlis, carnea, cerasina, caryophyl- 
loldes, Chamle~rii, Chandllrii, Glintbnia, Olive- 
ana, cocelnea, cblla, Colvillei, compdcta, c. 
rUbra, Comptonidna, conchiflbra, concinna, c6n- 
color, conspicua, corallfaia, coronata, Comte de 
Paris, crassvne'rvis, curvatiflbra, dahliwflbra, 
decora, delieatissima, Derbyana, dilecta, dian- 
thiflbra, Donkeladrii, Dorsitlii, Egirtbnii, 
Eclipsis, elata, eUcta, Slegans, elegantissima, 
Elphinstbwii, Epsombnsis, excilsa, eximia, fas- 
cicularis, fimbriata, Fionidna, fldccida, flam- 
miola, flavescens, floribunda, flbrida, Fl6yii, 
fbliis-varieg&tis, Fbrdii, Francfortensis,fiilgens, 
Gaussbnii, Gillesii, gloridsa, grandiflbra, Grif- 
finii, Halisii, Halleyi, Hayldckii, hilvola, hep- 
tangularis, Eerbertii, heterophglla, hexangu- 
Idris, Hibbtrtii, Rbvei, humilis, igniscens, im- 
bricata, i. dlba, imperidlis, incarndta, Inno- 
cinza, insignis, i. dlba, involUta, Johnsdnii, 
Jubilee, kermeslna, KnigMii, Idclea, Lambtr- 
tiana, Lancmdnnii, latifblia, Leda, Lbhii, Lee- 
ana, Lefevreana, Lehmdnnii, llndbria, Lind- 
leyana, lineata, Leopbldii, longifblia, Lbioii, 
lucida, Uteo-dlba, macrophplla, marmorata, 
Martha, Mastersii, Mathottidna, maxima, mi- 
niata, minuta, mutdbilis, myrtijblia, nana, 
ndnnetensis, nivea, nobilissima, ochroleuca,ornd- 
ta, oxoniinsis, pceoniasflbra, papaveracea, para- 
d6xa, Pdrksii, Parthonidna, paniflbra, penicil- 
Idta, perficta, piclurdta, platypitala, plwmaria, 
pompbnia, pr&gnans, Prdssii, Prissii rosea, 
princeps, pulche'lla, pulchfrrima, punctata, 
guercifblia, rammculiflbra, Reevteii, reginas, 
respUndens, Rimnii, rosacea, rosaflitra, rbsa- 
mundi, rbsa-sininsis, rosea, rosedna,- Rossii, ro- 



tundifblia, Roulini, rubia&nda, rubra, rubro 
punctata, rubricaulis, rugosissima, Sabiniana. 
sangulnea, semi-plena, serlcea, Slmsii, Soulan 
geana, spatuldta, specibsa, spectdbilis, Spoffor 
thidna, S.-cdrnea, spoloferd, staminea, supirba, 
supina, Susanna, Sweetii, tricolor, triumphing, 
VandHsii, V.-carnea, V.-superba, i)aridbilis t 
variegdta, v. plina, Verschaffilti, V. 
venosa, versicolor, Wadiedna, Weimdrii, Wei 
bankidna, Wiltbnii, Woodsii. 

Camels thoen. See Alhagi Maurbrum. 

Camerakia, Linn. In memory, of Joachim 
Camerarius, a physician and botanist of Nu- 
remberg. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Apocy- 
ndcem. The species of this genus are hand- 
some flowering plants, of easy culture; they 
succeed best in loam and peat mixed ; and cut- 
tings root in sand, under a glass, in heat. Sy- 
nonyme : 1, Wrightia dubia. See Tabernce- 
montana. 

angustifdlia . White . 9, S. Ev. S. 6 S. Amer. J 782 
dubia 1 . . Orange . 6, S. Ev. S. 6 E. Ind. . 1813 
latifSlia . . White . 8, S. Ev. T. 25 Havan. . 1733 

Cammaea. See Lantana Cdmmara. 

Cammarum. See Aconttwni Cdmmarum. 

Campania, Don. From campana, a bell, from 
the form of the corolla. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Gesneracex. A genus separated from 
Drymbnia, and requiring the same treatment ; 
they are easily increased by cuttings. 
nymes : 1, Drymbnia gramdiflora, 
grandiflbra. 
grandifldra . 1 Wht. or. 6, S. CI. P. 2 Santa Fee . 1848 

CampanumAa, Leib. and Zucc. From campana, 
a bell, and homoios, similar. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Campanulacem. For culture refer to 
Campdnula. 
lanceolata . Gr. blue 7, F. Her. P. 1 Japan . . 

CAMPANULA, Linn. The name is a diminutive 
of campana, a bell ; on account of the resem- 
blance thereto of the corolla. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Campanuldcece. This is a showy and 
well-known genus ; some of the specie's are 
tall-growing handsome plants, while others 
scarcely rise more than a few inches from the 
ground. They are all of easy culture in the 
border of the flower garden or shrubbery, where 
the hardy kinds merely require sowing ; the 
less hardy kinds should be sown on a hotbed, 
or in the greenhouse, and when up potted off. 
The roots of C. Rapunculus are occasionally 
eaten. Synonymes: 1, rwptstris ; 2, Roilla 
decumbens ; 3, 0. capitdta ; 4, neglicta ; 5, 
spatuldta; 6, specibsa; 7, diffusa; 8, betoni- 
ccsfblia; 9, Adenophora liliifblia ; 10, O. baU 
dinsis; 11, multiflbra; 12, glomerata petrcea ; 
13, lobelioldes; 14, gummifera; 15, glomerata 
dahurica; 16, planiflbra; 17, flexjibpa ; 18, 
See Platycbdon, Symphidndra, 
,ora, Lightfobtia, Prismatocdrpus, Sd- 
molus, WahlenbSrgia. 

8, H. Her. P. 3 N.Amer. . 1826 
7, H. B. 1 Caucasus 1821 

7, H. B. H S. Eur. . 1824 

8, H. Her. P. 2 Bavaria . 1817 
7, H. Her. P. I Caucasus 1803 
7, H. Her. P. 1 S. France 1820 
7, H. Her. P. H Switzerl. 1779 



Adami 


Blue 


affinis . 


Blue 


aggreg&ta 


Blue 


alliariasfblia 


Blue 


Allionii . 


Blue 


alplna , . 


Blue 



CAM 



106 



CAM 



latifMia . 



Italy . . 1800 
Pennsyl. 1763 
Prance . 1818 
Russia . 1826 
Madeira . 1777 
Madeira . 1777 
Madeira . 1777 



Alpini . . . Blue . 6, H. Her. P. 1 
americana . Blue . 7, H. B. 1 

angustifolia . Blue . 7, H. Her. P. 1 
armena . Blue . 7, H. B. 1 

ailrea . . . Yel. . 8, G. Ev. S. 3 
migustifolia Tel. . 8, G. Ev. S. 2 
.Yel. .8, G. Ev. S. 2 
. Li blue 6, H. Her. P. 14 Switzerl. 1778 
. Li. blue 6, H. Her. P. 1J Italy . 1752 
. Blue . 7, H. Her. P. 1 1836 

. 9, H. Her. P. 1 

. 6, H. Her. P. $ Italy . . 1813 
. 7, H. B. 2 Pyrenees 1823 
. 7, H. B, " 



Blue 
. Blue 
. Blue 



barbata . 
cyanea . 
Barrelieri 
Beliardi . 
bellidif51ia 
betonicaefolia Blue 

bononiensis . Blue 
Broussone- 

tiana 
csespitosa 
calyclna . 
capensis 2 
Caroliniana 
carpa'tica . 

alba . . 
caucasiea 
cenfsia 

cephalantha. Blue 
cephaldtes . Blue 
cernua . . Blue 



fBlue 

. Blue 
. Blue 
. Blue 
. Blue 
. Blue 
. White 
. Purp. 
Blue 



. 7, H. Her. P. 

8, H. Her. P. 

. 7, H. A. 

. 7, H. Her. P. 
. 7, H. Her. P. 
. 7, G. A. 

. 8, H. Her. P. 



1 Greece . 1820 
i Caucasus 1820 
! Italy . . 1773 
Mogadore 1825 
- Austria . 1819 
. Tauria . 1820 
. C. G. H. . 1803 



Cervicaria . Li. blue 7.. 



cervicaroldes Blue 
cichoracea 3 . Blue 
collma 
colorata . 
congesta . 
corymbbsa 
crenata 4 . 
dehiscens 
dich6toma 
divergens 5 
drabasfolia 
Kbitinc . 
elegans 6 . 
elliptica . 
erinoldes . 
Erlnus . 
eriocarpa 
exclsa 
folidsa 
fragilis 7 . 

hirsuta . 
garganica 
glomerata 

alba-elata 



H. Her. P. I Carp.Alpsl774 

6, H. Her. P. \ gard. variety. 

7, H. Her. P. 4 Caucasus 1808 
6, H. Her. P. J Switzerl. 1777 

8, H. Her. P. 1 Russia . 1814 

6, H. Her. P. 1 1815 
G. B. J C. G. H. . 1804 
H. B. 3 Germany 1808 

. 7| H. Her. P. 1 Italy . . 1822 
Her. P. 2 Greece . 1768 
Her. P. 1 Caucasus 1803 
Her. P. 2 Himalay. 1849 
Her. P. 1 Prance . 1823 

B. 2 Crete . . 1820 
Her. P. 2 Russia . 1820 

A. 1 E. Ind. . 1818 

A. i Sicily . . 1820 

B. if Hungary 1814 
A. 1 Athens . 1828 

Pa. blu. 7', H. Her. Tr. 1 S. Eur. . 1823 
. Pa. blu. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1811 
. Blue . 7, H. Her, P. 1 Hungary 1826 
. Pa. blu. 7, H. A. J Africa .1823 

. Pa. blu. 7, H. A. J S. Eur. . 1768 

Purp. . 6, H. Her P. " 
5, H. Her. P. 

7, H. Her. P. 

8, P. Her. P. 
8, F. Her. P. 

Pa. blu. 7, H. Tr. B. 
Violet . 5, H. Her. P. 
White . 6. H. Her. P. 



H. 
H. 

.6;h. 

.7, H. 
. 6, H. 
.7,H. 
.7,6. 
. 7, H. 
" H. 



Blue 
Blue 
Blue 
Blue 
Blue 
Blue 
Blue 
Blue 
Pa. blu. 6, H. 



Blue 
Blue 
Blue 
Blue 



elata 
fldre-albo 



Caucasus 1828 
i Switzerl. 1820 

1 Italy . . 1826 
4 Alps . . 1826 
\ Italy . . 1833 
i M.S.Ang. 1830 

2 Brit., chk. pa. 
2} Hybrid, gard. 

j Blue . 6, H. Her. P. 2J Hybrid, gard. 

. White . 5, H. Her. P. 2 Brit., chk. pa. 

"pu^ureo } Pa ' P ur ' 6 - H - Her ' R 1 Hybrid ' 8 ard - 

lilaclna . . Lilac . 6,. H. Her. P. 1 Hybrid, gard. 

pallida . . Pa. yel. 6, H. Her. P. 1 Hybrid, gard. 

plena-alba . White . 5, H. Her. P. 1 Brit., gardens. 
. 6, G. B. 1 N. S. W. . 1794 

. 6, H. Her. P. $ Hungary 1817 
. 7, P. Her. P. 1 Natolia . 1842 
. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Caucasus 1817 
. 5, H. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1817 
. 7, H. A. i Portugal 1823 

. 7, H. Her. P. $ Hungary. 1824 
. 7, H. A. i C. G. H. . 1817 

. 7, H. Her. P. 2 Siberia 



Blue 
Biue 
Blue 



gracilis . . Blue 
graminifdlia. Blue 
grandis . . Blue 
gummlfera 8 Blue 
hederacea . Blue 
Herminii 
beteroddxa 
hispidula . 
infundibu- 

liidnnis 
infundibu- 

lum . . 
laciniata . 
lactiflora . 
lamiifdlia 
lanceolata 
lanuginosa 
latifblia . 

flftre-albo 
liliifolia9. 
lingulata . 
linifolia . 
littoralis , 



I Blue 
jPurp. 

Blue 
Blue 



7, H. Her. P. 2 

. 6, H. Her P. 2 
. 8, H. Her. P. 4 

Pa. yel. 6, H. Her. P. 3 

Blue 

Blue . 

White . 

White 

Blue 

Violet 

Blue 

Blue 



7, H. Her. P. 1 

6, H. B. 2 

7, H. Her. P. 4 
7, H. Her. P. 3 

5, H. Her. P. 1J Siberia . 1784 
7, H. Her. P. 1 Hungary 1804 

7, H. Her. P. 5 Switzerl. 1819 

8, G. B. J N. HolL . 1820 



1822 

1825 

1788 
1816 
1823 
1819 
1814 

Brit.,pastures. 

Brit., woods. 



Siberia 

Greece 
Siberia 
Iberia 
Prance 



Loaflingii . . Blue . 
longifdlia . Blue . 
Lbrei 10 . Purp. . 
lyrata . . . Violet . 
macrantha . Lilac . 
polyantha . Blue . 

"*££. }*» • 

Medium . . Blue , 
Album . . White . 
purpurea . Purp. . 

microphylla . Blue . 

m611is . . . Purp. . 

Moorcrofti-l Blue 
ana . . ) 

muralis . . Blue . 

neglecta . . Blue . 

nieseensia 12 Purp. . 

nltida . . . White . 



7, H. A. 1 S. Eur. . 1818 

7, H. Her. P. 4 Pyrenees 1820 

H. A. 14 Italy . . 1824 

7, H. Her. P. l£ S. Eur. . 1828 
7, H. Her. P. 8 Hybrid . 1834 

H. Her. P. 3 Russia . 1830 



. Blue 
. Pa. pur. 
. Blue . 
. Blue 



• 7, 



cserulea 
nbbilis 
Nuttallii 
obllqua 

obliquif61ia . Blue 
Ottoniana . Blue 
parviflora 
p&tula . . 
pendula . 
peregrlna 
persicif&lia . Blue 

alba . . . White . 

alba-plena . White . 

grandis . " . Blue . 

maxima . Blue . 

plena . . Blue . 
planifibra 
primulae- 
fldra. . 
pubesccns 
pulchemma. Blue 

grandis . . Blue 

coronata 
pulla . . 
pumila . 

fldre-albo . White . 
punctata . . White . 
pusllla . . Blue . 
pyramidalis . Blue . 

fibre-albo . White . 
quadrifida . Blue . 
Rainera . . Blue 



. Blue . 
. Violet . 
. Cream . 
. Blue , 



[■Purp. 
. Blue 



. Blue 
. Blue 
, Blue 



j-Blue 
{■Blue . 6. 



ramosfssi- 

ma 13 . 
Rapuncu- 

\oldes . 
Rapunculus. Blue . 
rhomboldea. Blue . 

rubra . Rdsh.li. 

rigescens . . Blue . 
rotundifdlia . Blue . 

fldre-albo . White . 

fldre-pleno . Blue . 
ruthenica . Blue . 
earmatica 14. Blue . 
Bax£tilis . . Blue . 
Scheuchzeri. Blue . 
sibirica . . Blue . 
simplex . . Blue . 
spatulata . Blue . 
specidsa 15 . Purp. 
spicata 
spreta . 
strieta 
strig6sa 

sylv£tical8 . Blue 
Tenbrii . . Blue 
tenuifblia. . Violet 
thyrsoldea . Blue 
tomentdsa . White 
Trachelium . Blue 

alba . . . White 

alba-j)lena . White 

plena . . Blue 
tracheloldes . Blue 



. Blue 
, Blue 
, Blue 
. Purp. 



H. B. 

H. B. 

H. B. 

H. Her. P. 
H. Her P. 
G. Her. P. 

H. Her. P. 

P. Her. P. 
H. B. 

H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. B. 

H. Her. P. 
G. Ev. S. 
H B. 

H. Her. P. 
H. B. 

H. B. 

H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 

G. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H Her. P. 

Her. P. 
A. 

Her. P. 

Her. P. 

Her. P. 

Her. P. 

Her. P. 



li Hungary. 1814 

4 Germany 1597 
2 Germ., gard. 
2 Germ., gard. 
} Hungary. 1820 

1 Sicily . . 1788 

Nepal. . 1849 

•J S. Eur. . 1835 

2 1818 
* Piedmont 1820 
i S. Amer. 1731 
J N. Amer. 1731 

1 China. . 1814 

1 N. Amer. 182S 
8 -1813 

2 Italy . . 1823 
i C. G. H. . 1825 
| Iberia .1819 

1 Brit.,paBtures. 

1 Caucasus 1828 

2 a. G. H. . 1794 

3 Europe . 1596 
3 Europe 
3 Europe 
3 Europe 
3 Europe 

Europe 



1596 
1598 
1596 
1596 
1596 



Siberia . 1817 



2 Portugal. 1854 
1] Bohemia. 



$ Austria . 
I Switzerl. 
| Switzerl. 
4 Siberia . 
4 Switzerl. 
4 Carniola . 

3 Europe . 

4 N. Holl. . 
1 Italy . . 



A. i Greece 



1813 
1821 
1594 

1820 
1826 

1820 



H. Her. P. 3 England. 

H. Her. P. 3 Brit., hedges. 
H. Her. P. 2 Switzerl. 1775 
H. Her. P. 1 Switzerl. 
H. Her. P. J Siberia . 1820 
H. Her. P. $ Brit., heaths. 
H. Her. P. 1 Brit., woods. 
H. Her. P. J Brit., gardens. 
H. Her. P. 2 Caucasus 1815 
H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1803 
H. Her. P. 1 Candia . 1768 
H. Her. P. | Europe . 1813 
H. B. 1 Siberia . 1783 

H. Her. P. 2 S. France 1819 
H. B. 1 Greece . 1817 

H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1825 
H. B. 1 Switzerl. 1786 

H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1820 
H. B. 2 Syria . . 1819 

H. A. } Syria . . 1857 

H. A. J Nepal. . 1840 

H. Her. P. 1 Naples . 
H. Her. P. J Hungary. 1817 
H. B. 2 Switzerl. 1785 

H. Her. P. 1 Levant . 1810 
H. Her. P. 4 Brit., woods. 
H. Her. P. 3 Brit., gardens. 
H. Her. P. 3 Brit., gardens. 
H. Her. P. 3 Brit. , gardens. 
H. Her. P. 3 Caucasus 1817 
H. Her. P. 8 Italy "! . 1828 



CAM 



107 



CAN 



uniflora . . Blue 


6, 


F. Her. P. 


| Lapland . 


1R15 


urticifdlia. . Blue 


«, 


H. Her. P. 


3 Germany 


1800 


florepleno. Wnite 


7, 


H. Her. P. 


2 Germany 




Vandesi . . Cream 


6, 


H. Her. P. 


i 




velutlna . . Blue 


6, 


H. Her. P. 


i S. Bur. . 


1826 


Vidallii . . White 


7. 


H. Her. P. 


2 Azores . 


1845 


virgata . . Blue 


7, 


H. Her. P. 


$ N. Amer. 


1823 


versicolor 16. Striped 


8, 


H. Her. P. 


1 Siberia 


1788 


violaefdlia. . Blue 


7 


H. B. 


J Siberia 


1817 


Waldsteini- ) tji„„ 
ana 17 . / Blue 


6, 


H. Her. P. 


i Hungary 


1824 


Zdysii . . . Dk. blu 


7 


H. Her. P. 


I Carniola 


1813 



CampanulAcks:, an order of well-known plants, 
chiefly herbaceous, of which the common hair 
bell is an example. 

Campanulate, bell-shaped. 

Campeachy wood, or Logwood. See Hcema- 
tSxylon Campeachianum. 

Campelia, Richard. So named from Jcampe, a 
bending, and helios, the sun. Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Commelyn&ceee. An interesting plant, 
growing in any rich soil, and increased by 
seeds. Synonyme : 1, Tradescdntia Zcmonia. 
Zan5nia 1 . . Blue . 8; S. Her. P. 2 W. Indies . 1759 

Camphire teee. See Cinnamismwm cam- 
phora. 

Camphor tree. See Cinnambmum c&mphora. 

Camphor Chinese. See Cinnambmum c&m- 
phora and glailcum. 

Camphor Sumatra. See Dryobdlanops c&m- 
phora. 

Camphor oil of Borneo. See Dryobdlanops 
c&mphora. 

Camphor6sma, Linn. Named from camphora, 
camphor, and. osme, a smell ; the former a 
LathVand the latter a Greek word. Linn. 4, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Chenopodiaceas. The species 
have but little beauty. 0. monspeliaca abounds 
with a volatile oily salt, and is warm and 
stimulating. 

monspeliaca . Apetal . 8, G. Ev. S. 1J S, Em-ope 1640 
acuta, ovata. 

Campion. See Cucubalus. 

Campion rose. See Lgchnis. 

Campomanesia, De Oandolle. Named after 
Eodriquez, C. de Campomanes, a Spanish na- 
turalist. Linn. 12, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Myrtacece. 
For culture, &c, refer to Callistimon. 
linearifblia . . White . 4, G. Ev. S. 3 Peru . . 1824 

Campteria, Presl. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Polypodiacece. Synonymcs: 1, Pteris biaurita ; 
2. Pteris nemoralis. 

biaurita 1 . Pa. yelfcbr. 5, S. Her. P. 1£ W. Ind. 1824 
nemoralis 2 Yellow brn. 6, S. Her. P. ] J I. Bour. 1823 

Camptosema, Hooker. From kamptos, flexible, 
and sema, a standard. Limn. 17, Or. 4, Nat. 
Or. Fabaccce. A genus separated from Ken- 
nedya, and requiring the same treatment. 
Synonyme : 1, Kennidya spUndens. 
rubiotoda . Scarlet . 6, G. Ev. Tu. 3 N. S. W. . 1788 

Campylanthus, Roth. Named from kampylos, 
a curve, and anthos, a flower. Linn. 2, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Primulacece. An ornamental 
plant succeeding in sandy loam and peat ; 
and increased from cuttings in sand, under a 
glass, 
aalsololdes . Purple . 3, G. Ev. S. 1. Teneriffe . 1825 



Camwood. See Baphia nitida. 

Campylob6trys, Hook. From campyle, a curve, 
and botrys, a raceme ; the racemes of the 
flowers are curved. Limn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Subiacece. The species at present introduced 
are very pretty little plants, growing in peat 
and leaf mould, and are readily increased by 
cuttings placed under a glass, 
discolor . . Eed. wht. 6, S. Ev. S. 1J Brazil . 1850 
refulgens . . Scarlet . 6, S. Ev. S. li Brazil? 
smaragdina . Purple . 6, S. Ev. S. 1 Brazil? 

Canada rice. See Ziectnia aqu&tica. 

Canada tea. See Gaullheria procumbens. 

Canadian muowort. See Artemisia cana- 
densis. 

Canagong. See Mesembrydnthemum cequila- 
terale. 

Canaliculate, channelled, furrowed. 

CanarIna, Linn. So called from the species 
being natives of the Canaries. Linn. 6, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Campanulaceas. These are desir- 
able plants, producing pretty flowers in the 
autumn and winter. Unless the roots are 
placed in the stove after they begin to grow 
in the spring, they do not flower so well in 
the greenhouse. A mixture of light loam and 
peat is the best soil for them ; plants are pro- 
cured from cuttings, which strike in soil, or 
by dividing the roots. 

Campanula . Orange 2, G. Her. P. 3 Canaries . 1696 
laevigata . . Orange 2, G. Her. P. 3 Canaries . 1825 

Canary-bird flower. See Tmpieolvm adlm- 
cum. 

Canary grass. See Phalaris. 

Canary seed. See Ph&laris. 

CanavAlia, Dec. Canavali is its name in Ma- 
labar. Linn. 16, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Fab&cece. 
These species have but little to recommend 
them ; for culture, &c, see Dilichos. Syno- 
nymes: 1, Ddlichos ensifbrmis ; 2, D. obtusi- 
fblius ; 3, D. rdseus. 

bonariensis . Purple 7, S. De. CI. 3 B. Ayres . 
ensifbrmis 1 . Purple 7, S. A. 3 E. Indies 1778 
gladiata . . W. red 6, S. Ev. Tw. 6 E. Indies 1790 
obtusifblia 2 . Purple 7, S. Ev. Tw. 6 E. Indies 1820 
emarginata ; Purple 7, S. Ev. Tw. 6 E. Indies 1800 
rdsea 3 . . . Purple 7, S. Ev. Cr. 3 Jamaica . 1812 

Cancellate, like lattice- work. 

Candarum. See Ptfthion. 

Candelabrum, or Chandelier tree. See 
Pandd/nus candelabrum. 

Candleberry myrtle. See Myrica. 

Candollea, Labillardibre. In honour of Au- 
gustus Pyramus Decandolle, F.M. K.S. and 
L.S., Professor of Botany at Geneva, author 
of many approved botanical works. He 
was one of the first botanists of his time. 
Linn. 18, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Dilleniacece. A 
beautiful genus, thriving best in a mixture of 
loam, peat, and -sand; cuttings, in the same 
kind of soil, root readily under a glass. See 
HibUrtia. 

Brunbnis . . Yellow . 6, G. Ev. S. 6 S. Biver . 1837 

cuneifdrmis . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. S. 6 N. Holl. . 1824 

Hilgelii . . Yellow . G. Ev. S. 3 S. River . 1837 

tetrandra . . Yellow . G. Ev. S. 4 S. River . 1843 

Candy carrot. See Athamdnta Matthwla. 
Candytuft. See Ibkis. 



CAN 



108 



CAN 



Cane-brake. See Arundinaria. 

Canella, P. Browne. From canna, a reed ; in 
allusion to the bark being rolled like cinnamon. 
Linn. 16, Or. 5, Nat. Or. Canellacece. These 
are valuable and ornamental trees, about fifteen 
feet high, best cultivated in loam, peat, and 
sand ; cuttings of the well-ripened wood taken 
off at a joint will root in sand, in a moist heat ; 
they must not be deprived of any of their 
leaves. Sweet recommends large old cuttings 
as the best. The bark is aromatic and pun- 
gent. 

alba . . White . 6, S. Ev. T. 40 W. Indies . 1735 
laurifblia White . 6, S. Ev. T. 25 S. America. 1S20 

Canellacejs, a small order of West Indian 
aromatic plants, consisting of only a few spe- 
cies. 

Canescent, hoary, approaching to white . 

CanIna, pertaining to dogs. 

Canker brand. See Uredo caries. 

Canna, Linn. The Celtic name for a cane or 
mat. Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Marantacece. 
This is a genus worthy of cultivation in all 
collections, as its lively flowers are produced 
in great abundance and at all seasons ; many 
species are now in our collections ; the most 
splendid is iridiflora, which is amongst the 
handsomest plants of the stove ; rich light soil 



suits the species best ; they are 


propagated by 


divisions at the root, or by seeds, which 


they 


produce in 


abundance. Synonyme: 1, ft 


chi- 


ninsis. 








achlras 


. Dk. red 8, S. Her. P. 


4 Mendoza 1829 


angustifdlia 


. Scarlet 4, S. Her. P. 


2 S.Amer. 


18it 


aurantlaca 


. Orange 12, S. Her. P. 


4 Brazil 


1824 


aurea . . 


Yellow 12, S. Her. P. 


2 




blcolor . . 


Yel. rd. 3, S. Her. P. 


2 




braziliensis 


Red 3, S. Her. P. 


2 Brazil 




carnea . . 


. Flesh . 12, S. Her. P. 


4 Brazil 


1822 


cocclnea . 


Scarlet 12, S. Her. P. 


2 S.Amer. 


1731 


compacta . 


Red . 4, S. Her. P. 


1 E. Ind. 


1820 


cr6cea . . 


Red 5, S. Her. P. 


2 


1823 


cubensis . 


Red . 2, S. Her. P. 


3 




denudata . 


. Scarlet 6, S. Her. P. 


2 Brazil 


1818 


latifolia . 


Red 7, S. Her. P. 


2 Brazil 


1818 


discolor 


Scarlet 11, S. Her. P. 


3 Trinidad 1827 


edulis . . 


Red . 9, S. Her. P. 


3 Peru 


1820 


elegantissima 


Carmine 2, S. Her. P. 


3 




elegans . . 


Red 5, S. Her. P. 


2 




esculenta 


Red . 12, S. Her. P. 


4 S.Amer, 


1822 


excelsa 


Scarlet 2, S. Her. P. 


10 Brazil 


1820 


Fentelmannia Red . 5, S. Her. P. 


3 




flaccida . 


Red . 7, S. Her. P. 


5 S. Carol 


1788 


floribunda 


Rd.yel. 5, S. Her. P. 


2 




gigantea . 


Rd.yel. 12, S. Her. P. 


5 S.Amer. 


1809 


glauca . . 


. Yellow 7, S. Her. P. 


2 S.Amer. 


1730 


rufa . . 


Brown 7, S. Her. P. 


2 S.Amer. 




rttbro-lutea 


Yel. red 8, S. Her. P. 


3 Jamaica 1834 


grandis. 


. Red . , S. Her. P. 






Hookeri . 


Carmin. 12, S. Her. P. 






indica . 


Scarlet 12, S. Her. P. 


2 India 


1570 


maculata 


Red yel. 12, S. Her. P. 


2 India 




iridifl&ra . 


Red . 12, S. Her. P. 


Peru 


1816 


juncea . . 


Red . 5, S. Her. P. 


1 Indies 


1820 


Kaitsteini- 1 
ana . . J 
Lagunensis 


Scarlet 12, S. Her. P. 


2 




Red yel. 9, S. Her. P. 


3 Laguna 


1828 


Lamberti . 


Scarlet 5, S. Her. P. 


4 Trinidad 1819 


lanceolata . 


. Red . 12, S. Her. P. 


3 Brazil 


1825 


lanuginosa 


. Scarlet 4, S. Her. P. 


5 Marant 


1823 


latifolia . 


. Pink . 12, 8. Her. P. 


8 Brazil 


1820 


leptophylla 


. Red . 9, S. Her. P. 


3 




lihiflora . 


White . S. Her. P. 






limbata 


. Red . 12, S. Her. P. 


8 Brazil 


1818 


L-indleyana 


Yel. red S. Her. P. 






lutea . . 


Yellow 10, S. Her. P. 


2 E. Ind. 


1629 



maculata , 


. Scar.yel 8, S. Her. P. 


8 E. Ind. 


. 1570 


magnifica . 


. Rod . 7, S. Her. P. 


2 S.Amer 




Mulleri . . 


. Red . . S. Her. P. 






musajfi&ra . 


. Red . S. Her. P. 






mut&bilis . 


. Yel. red 6, S. Her. P. 


2 




nepalensis 


. Red . 6, S. Her. P. 


2 Nepal 




occidentalis 


.Rd.yel. 6, S. Her. P. 


8 W. Ind. 


'l822 


orientalis 1 


. Red . 6, S. Her. P. 


4 E. Ind. 


1820 


flava . . 


. Yellow 6, S. Her. P. 


4 E. Ind. 


1820 


pallida . ' 


. Pa. yel. 6, S. Her. P. 


4 W. Ind. 


1820 


latifdlia . 


. Yellow 6, S. Her. P. 


3 W. Ind. 


1820 


.patens . . 


. Rd yel. 5, S. Her. P. 


2 Rio Jan 


1778 


pedunculata 


. Orange 10, S. Her. P. 


4 


1820 


peruviana . 


. Maroon 5, S. Her. P. 


3 Peru 




polymdrpha 


. Red . 12, S. Her. P. 


3 S.Amer. 


1825 


superba . 


. Red . 8, S. Her. P. 


3 




Reevesii . 


. Yellow 5, S. Her. P. 


5 China 


1835 


rabro-liitea 


. Yel. red 8, S. Her. P. 


4 Jamaica 


1834 


rosea . . 


. Rose 9, S. Her. P. 


3 




rubra . . 


, Red . 12, S. Her. P. 


3 W. Ind. 


1820 


rubricaulis 


. Red 5, S. Her. P. 


3 


1821 


sanguinea . 


Red . 12, 8. Her. P. 


4 S.Amer. 


1820 


Schubertii 


Yel. red 12, S. Her. P. 






Selldwi 


Red . 12, S. Her. P. 


3 




specidsa . 


Red . 8, S. Her. P. 


3 S.Amer. 


1820 


spcct£bilis 


Scarlet 8, S. Her. P. 


2 




sylvestris . 


Scarlet 12, S. Her. P. 


4 S.Amer. 


1820 


variabilis . 


Red . 12, S. Her. P. 


S India . 


1822 


villbsa . . 


Red .- S. Her. P. 






Warczewiezii 


Red . 8, S. Her. P. 


2 America 1852 



CannabinAce^;, or Hempworts. A small order 
of herbaceous and annual plants, of which the 
hop and the hemp are examples. 

Cannabis, Linn. So called from ganeh, its 
Arabic name, and from the Celtic appellation 
can, reed, and ai, small. Linn. 22, Or. 5, Nat. 
Or. Cannabinacece. One species of this genus 
produces the hemp. The hemp to which we 
owe so many of our comforts is ft satvoa. Nei- 
ther is handsome, and they require only to be 
sown in the open ground and kept clean. A 
most powerfully narcotic gum resin is obtained 
from both species. 

indica . . Green . 8, H. A. 2 E. Indies . . 1800 
satlva . . Gr.wht. 6, H. A. 2 India . . . 

Cannon-ball tree. See CouroupUaguian&nsis. 

Canoe birch. See Bitula papyraceti. 

Cansc6ra, Don. From Kansjan-cora, the Ma- 
labar name of one of the species. Linn. 4, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Gentianacece. A genus of 
annuals of no merit. For culture, &c, see 
Exacum. — Parishii. 

Canterbury bells. See Campanula medium. 

Cantharell. See Canihartllus. 

Cantharelltjs, F. Adams. An alteration of 
the French name chanterelle. Linn. 24, Or. 
9, Nat. Or. Agaricacece. Interesting produc- 
tions. C. cibarius is one of the best of our 
eatable mushrooms. The best way of pre- 
serving them for use, is to string them in rows, 
and after they have become flaccid, to hang 
them in a dry place where they can have plenty 
of air. They then form a delicious ingredient 
in rich gravies, &c. Synonyme: 1, Merulius 
purpuratus. — a/urantiacus, cibarius, cintreus, 
cornucopoides 1, Ifevis, lobalus, luttscens, um- 
bonatus, wmdulatus. 

Canthium, Lambert. Cantix is the Malabar 
name. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Cinchonacece. 
This is an ornamental shrub, and will grow in 
any rich soil ; increase is by cuttings. See 
Oardenia and Wibera. 
dttbium . . White . 7, G. Bv. S. 8 E. Indies . 1824 



CAN 



109 



CAP 



Cantua, Juss. From ccmtu, the name of one 
of the species in Peru. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Polemonidcece. This is a genus of beautiful 
shrubs, requiring an airy greenhouse, and very 
much the same treatment as Fuchsia. C. 
buxifblia is the magic tree of the Peruvian 
Indians, and was formerly used to decorate 
their houses on feast days. Loam, peat, and 
sand is the best soil, and the species are easily 
increased, by cuttings. Synonymes : 1, Peri- 
phrdgmos" depindens : 2, Periphrdgmos fiex'M- 
sus. See QMia and Eoitzia. 
buxif&lial . Yel. ro. 4, G. Ev. S. 5 Peru . . 1846 
blcolor . . . Rd.yel. 5, G. Ev. S. 4 Peru . . 1846 

1 coronopifblia Scarlet 8, G. Her. P. 3 Carolina . 1726 
inconsplcua . Blue . 9, H. A. 2 America . 1798 

pyrifolia 2 . Cream 4, G. Ev. S. J Peru . . 1846 

Cantula. See Furcrfea Cantula. 

Caoutchouc, or Indian rubber, is the inspis- 
sated juice of various plants. The Caoutchouc 
of commerce is principally obtained from Flcus 
elastica and Siphdnia elastica. 

Cape Horn pea. See Plsum americanum. 

Cape jessamine. See Gardinia fldrida. - 

Cape philltrea. See Oasslne capinsis. 

Caper spurge. See Euphorbia Ldthyris. 

Caper tree. See Cdpparis. 

Caper6nia. See Crbton. 

CAPi^Hr s, i verysimder ' iikeahair - 

Capillart-multipid, divided in slender hair- 
like segments. 

Capillate, hairy, stringy. 

CAPfLLUS - Veneris. See Adidmlum Capillus- 
Yineris. 

Capitate, growing in a head ; a stigma is capi- 
tate when it is large, round, and blunt. 

Capitellate, ) 

Capitular, > growing in small heads. 

Capitulate, ) 

Capnophyllum, Gcertner. So called from kap- 
nos, smoke, and phyllon, a leaf. Linn. 5, Or. 
2, Nat. Or. Apiacece. A mere weed. Syno- 
nymes : 1, Cdiiium afrkanum, Rumia capinsis 
— africana 1. 

Capparidace^b. Herbaceous plants and shrubs 
inhabiting the tropics, or in countries border- 
ing upon them. 

CAPPARIS, Linn. So called from the Arabic 
kapar, capers. Limn. 13, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Gapparidaceoe. This is a genus of ornamental 
low shrubs ; they grow well in a mixture of 
loam and peat : and cuttings root in sand, in 
heat, under a glass. 0. spinosa is a good free- 
flowering species, when allowed plenty of room. 
The flower-buds of the caper form a well- 
known pickle ; they are stimulant, antiscor- 
butic, and aperient ; and the bark is said to be 
diuretic. Synonymes: 1, acutifblia, acumi- 
nata; 2, octdndra; 3, Fontanisii; 4, arbor- 
iscens ; 5, uncinate:,. See Cratceva, Morrisomia, 
Niebuhria, Stephania. 



acuminata 



amygdallna 
aphylla . 
auriculata 
Brassii . . 
Breynia . 



- White 5, S. Bv. 
. White 5, S. Ev. 
. White 5, S. Bv. 
. White 6, S. Ev. 
. White 5, S. Ev. 
. White 7, S. Bv. 
. White 6, S. Ev. 



a 


5 B. Ind. 


1822 


R. 


8 Egypt 
6 W. Ind. 


1822 


s. 


1818 


H. 


4 B. Ind. 


1822 


H. 


6 




R. 


S G. Coast 1793 


s. 


4 W. Ind. 


1752 



chinensis 1 . 


. White 7, 


S. Bv. 


S. 


10S.Amer. 1827 


cynophallophbra Gr.wt. 7, 


S. Ev. 


S. 


6 W. Ind. 1752 


Eustachiana . 


. Strip. 6, 


S. Ev. 


s. 


5 St.Eust. 1822 


ferruglnea 2 . 


. White 6. 


S. Ev. 


8. 


4 Jamaica 


frondbsa 


. Green 7, 


S. Ev. 


8. 


6 Carthag. 1800 


herbacea . . 


. White 5, 


P. Her 


P. 


2 Tauria . 1818 


jamaiceusis . 
linearis . . 


. White 5, 


S. Ev. 


S. 


4 Jamaica 1793 


. White 5, 


S. Ev. 


s. 


12 W. Ind. 1793 


mariana . . 


. White 6, 


S. Ev. 


s. 


4 Timor . 1820 


odoratissima 


. White 6, 


fl. Ev. 


8. 


6 Caraccas 1814 


ovata 8 . . 


. White 6, 


P. De. 


8. 


3 S. Eur. . 


peltata . . 


. White 7, 


G. Ev. 


S. 


Trinidad 1827 


pulcherrima 4 


. White 6, 


S. Ev. 


S. 


8 Carthag. 1700 


saligna . . 
sepiaria . . 


. White 8, 


S. Ev. 


8. 


8 Sa.Cruz 1807 


. White 6, 


S. Ev. 


S. 


4 E. Ind. 1823 


spinosa . . 


. White 6, 


P. De. 


S. 


3 S. Eur. 1590 


tenuisiliqua . 


. White 5, 


S. Ev. 


H. 


6 Caraccas 1823 


torul5sa 5 . . 


. White 5, 


S. Bv. 


S. 


5 W. Ind. 1822 


trifldra . . 


. White 6 


S. Ev. 


s. 


4 S.Amer. 


undulata . . 


. White 6 


S. Ev. 


8. 


6 


verruebsa . . 


. White 7, 


S. Bv. 


S. 


8 Carthag. 1820 


zeylahica . . 


. White 8 


S. Ev. 


s. 


5 Ceylon 1819 



Capraria, Linn. The leaves of this genus are 
liked by goats ; hence the name, from caper, 
a goat. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Scrophu- 
lariacece. Uninteresting species, of easy cul- 
ture — biflbra, cimeata, humilis, lanceoldta, un- 
dulata: See Stembdia. 

Capreolate, having tendrils. 

CAPRlPOLlACEffi, the honeysuckle tribe. All 
the Caprifoils possess properties of consider- 
able interest. 

Caprif6lium, Romcr and Schultes. Called 
poetically goat-leaf;, and is derived from caper, 
a goat, and folium, a leaf ; in reference to the 
climbing and twining habit of the plant. 
Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Oaprifoliaceos. This 
is a genus, of favourite climbing plants, well 
adapted for planting against walls, bowers, or 
trellis-work. Common soil suits them ; and 
cuttings taken off early in autumn readily root 
in a shady border. Synonymes: 1, Lonlcera 
glabratum; 2, Gap. pubescens ; 3, L. eapri- 
fblium ; 4, Oaprifbliwm jap6nicum • C. bale- 
dricum. 
chinense 1 
cilidsum . 
dioicum 
Douglasii . 
etruscum . 
flavum 
hirsutum 2 
hispidulum 
gratum . 
implexum 



Orange 8, F. Ev. Tw. 20 China . 1806 
Yellow 6, P. De. Tw. 6 Missouri 18-25 
Purple 6, H. De. Tw. 10 N. Amer. 1776 
Orange 8, H. De. CI. 6 N. Amer. 1824 
Orange 5, H. De. Tw. 10 Italy . . 
Yellow 5, H. De. Tw. 8 Carolina 
Yellow 6j. H. De. Tw. 20 Canada 
Eose . 7, H. De. S. 10 S.Amer. 
Red . 7, H. Ev. Tw. 20 N.Ame. 
Red ye. 7, H. Ev. Tw. 6 Minorca 



balearicum 5 Cream 8, S. Ev. Tw. 8 Minorca 



1810 
1822 
1833 
1730 
1772 
1824 



italicum 3 . Pur.ye. 6, H. De. Tw. 10 Bng., woods.* 

rubvum . . Red . 6, H. De. Tw. 10 S. Europe, 

japonicnm . Red . 6, P. Ev. Tw. 12 China . 1806 

longiflbrum . Yel.wh. 7, H. De. CI. 8 China . 1S26 

nepalense 4 . Orange 7, P. Ev. Tw. 12 Nepal . . 1807 

occidental . Orange 7, H. De. Pw. 20 Ft.Vanco. 1824 

Ferielyme- ) Y ollow 6, H. De. Tw. 20 Brit.,wds.,thi. 
num . . ) ' 

Belgica . . Yellow 6, H. De. Tw. 20 Gardens. 
quercifbliumYelred 6, H. De. Tw. 20 Gardens. 
serStinum . Yel.red 6, H. De. Tw. 20 Gardens, 
variegatum , Yel. red 6, H. De Tw. 20 Brit., woods, 
sempervlrens Scarlet 6, H. Ev. Tw. 15 N. Amer. 1656 
minus . . Scarlet 6, P. Ev. Tw. 12 Carolina 1656 
Yotingii . Scar.ye.6, H. Ev. Tw. 10 Hybrid., gard. 

Capsella, Moench. So called from a diminu- 
tion of capsule. Linn. 15, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Brassicacece. Weedy plants. Synonyme : 1, 
Thldspi bursa-pastdris — bursa-pastdris 1, b. 

X";ala, b. coronopifdlia, b. integrifdlia, b. 
or. 



CAP 



110 



CAR 



blcolor 
cerasifl&rum 
cerasif&rme 
cere&lum . 
caerulescens 
cdnicum . 
concedes . 
cordiforme 
frutescens 

tortul6sum 
globiferum 
gr6ssum . 

blfidum . 

globosum 

luteum . 
havanehse 
longum 
luteum . . 
micranthum 
microcarpon 
Mtllcrii 1 . 
minimum . 
ovatum 
pendulum 
pyramidale 
sraehse 
spbsericuin 
tetrag&num 
tomattfdnne 
ustulatum 



Purple 6. 
. White 6, 
. Pa.yel. 6. 
. White 4. 
. Purple 6. 
. White 6, 
. White 4. 
. White 6. 
. Pa.yel. 7. 
. White 6, 
. White 6. 
. White % 
. White 5, 
. White 
. White 7, 
. White 5, 
. White 6, 
. White 
. White 
. White 
. White 
. White 
. White 
. White 
. White 
. White 
. White 
. White 
. Whitish6, 
. White 6, 



Egypt 
China 



. 1548 
. 1731 
. 1804 
. 1823 
.1739 
. 1846 
.. 1827 
. 1820 
. 1750 

! 1656 
. 1820 
. 1824 
. 1759 
. 1759 



. 1S26 
. 1548 
. 1820 
. 1820 

. 1824 
. 1728 
. 1824 
.1750 
. 1750 
.1807 
. 1807 



Capsicum, Linn. So named from Tcapto, to 
bite ; on account of the hot, pungent qualities 
of the pericarp. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Solanaeem. This genus is ornamental, but 
chiefly cultivated for its fruit, which is much 
used in pieties ; they are easily cultivated in 
any rich open soil ; and readily increased from 
seeds. Synonyme ; 1, cerasifbrme. 
anguldsum . White 6, H. A. 1 India 
annuum . . White 6, H. A. 1 India 
baccatum . . White 6, S. Ev. 6. 2\ 

, S. Ev. S. 3 W. Indies 
, S. Ev. S. 1J 
,8. A. 1 W. Indies 
, 8. Ev. 8. li Brazil . 
, 8. Ev. 8. 1 8. Amer. 
, S. A. 1$ Guiana . 
, 8. Ev. 8. 2 India . 
, H. A. 1 India . 
. 8. Ev. 8. 1 India . 
, S. Ev. 8. H E. Indies 
, S. Ev. S. if Guiana 
,8. B. i India . 
, 8. Ev. S. 1 E. Indies 
, 8. Ev. 8. J E. Tndies 
, 8. Ev. 8. J E. Indies 
, S. Ev. 8. lj Havannah 
, H. A. 1 India . 
, S. Ev. 8. 2 E. Indies 
, S. Ev. 8. 3 Brazil 
, S. Ev. 8. 2 
, G. A. 1 W. Indies 
, 8. Ev. S. J E. Indies 
, S. Ev. 8. 3 
, 8. Ev. 8. 2 
, 8. Ev. S. 2 
, 8. Ev. 8. 2 
, 8. Ev. 8. 2 
, H. A. 1 India 
, S. B. li 

A. 1J Chile 

Capsule, any dry dehiscent seed-vessel. 
Ci.PUT-MEDUS.a5. See Mymus Cdput-Mediksas 

and Euphorbia Cdput-Med&sce. 
Caracalla. See Phaseolus Carac&lla. 
Caragan. See Caragana. 
CaragAna, A. B. Lambert. So called from 
carachana, its name in Tartary. Linn. 17, Or. 
4, Nat. Or. Fabacece. This is a handsome 
genus ; most of the species are well adapted 
for shrubberies. A sandy open loam is the 
best soil for them ; they are multiplied either 
by grafts, layers, or seeds. Synonyines : 1, 
Robinia Altagana; 2, R. CaragAna; 3, R. 
frutiscens; 4, R. mMlis, lomentbsa. 
Altagana 1 . Yellow . 5, H. De. S. 4 Siberia 

. 5, H. De. T. 16 Siberia 

. 5, H. De. S. 10 Siberia 

. 6, H. De. 8. 1 Siberia 

. 5, H. De. 8. 

. 6, H. De. 8. 

. 4, H. De. 8. 

, 5, H. De. 8. 

. 5, H. De. 8. 

. 6, H. De. 8. 

. 4, H. De. S. 

. 4, H. De. S. 

. 6, H. De. S. 

. 5, H. De. 8. 

. 5, H. De. 8. 

. 5, H. De. 8. 

. 5, H. Ev. S. 

. 6, H. De. 8. 

. 4, H. Ev. 8. 

. 5, H. De. 8. 

. 5, H. De. S. 4 Siberia 1816 
. H. De. 8. 2 Tartary. 
Its name in S. America. 



arborescens 2 Yellow 


inermis 


. Yellow- 


arenaria . 


Yellow . 


Cbamlagu . 


Yellow 


ferox . . 


. Yellow 


frutescens 3 


Yellow . 


arjfii.istil.ulia 


. Yellow . 


latifdlia . 


Yellow . 


grandiflora 


. Yellow 


jubata . . 


. Yellow . 


mong61ica . 


Yellow 


macracantha 


Yellow . 


microphylla 


Yellow 


mollis 4 


Yellow . 


pygmasa . 


. Yellow 


arenaria . 


. Yellow . 


Reddwski . 


Yellow 


pntecox . 


Yellow 


spinbsa . 


. Yellow 


tragacan- , 
tboldes . i 


Yellow . 


trifl6ra . . 


Gnash, yl 


CaraguAta, Plumier. 



1789 
1752 
1820 
1802 

4 China . 1773 

2 Siberia 

2 Siberia 1752 

4 Odessa . 

4 

1 Iberia . 1823 
1$ Siberia 1796 

Tartary 1826 

2 Siberia 

3 Russia 
3 Tauria 

£ Siberia 
1 
3 
3 



1819 

1818 
1751 



Siberia 1827 
Siberia 1775 



Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Bromelidceoz. An 
interesting plant, but with no great beauty ; 
for culture, &c, see BromUia. Synonyme: 1, 
Tilldndsia lingulata. 
lingulata . . Yellow . 6, S. Epi. . 2 Jamaica . 1795 

Carajura, or CHfCA. See Bignbnia CMca. 

Carallia, Roxburgh. From Carillie, the name 
of C. lucida in the Telinga language in Hin- 
doostan. Linn. 11, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Rhizo- 
phoraceai. An ornamental stove tree, about 
twenty feet high, succeeding best in a mixture 
of sandy peat and loam, and may be increased 
from cuttings in sand, under a glass. 

• lucida . . Yellow . 4, 3. Ev. T. 20 E. Indies . 1820 

Caralluma, R. Brovm. Its Indian name. 
Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asclepiadacece. This 
succulent genus of curious plants is allied to 
StapUia ; they vary in height from one to two 
feet. The best soil for them seems to be a 
mixture of loam and brick rubbish. The pots 
require to be well drained, and the plants 
cautiously watered, except about the time of 
flowering, when they ought to have a liberal 
supply. Cuttings root freely, if they are 
allowed to dry until they begin to shrivel be- 
fore being planted. 

adscendens 1 . Pink . 7, S. Ev. 8. 2 E. Indies 1804 
erenulata . . Pa. yel. 8. Ev. S. 2 E. Indies 1829 
fimbriata . . Pa. yeL 8. Ev. 8. 1 E. Indies 1829 
umbellata . . Pink . S. Ev. S. 1£ E. Indies 1804 

Caramb&la TREE. See Averrhba Carambbla. 
Caram&rphine, or Thebaine Acid, a narcotic 

property obtained from poppies, and found 

very useful as a medicine. 
Carandas. See Carissa Cardndas. 
CarApA; Aublet. From Caraipe, the name of 

0. guianSnsis in Guiana. Linn. 10, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Meli&cece. A fine genus of stove 
plants, not common in collections ; they suc- 
ceed best in loam and sandy peat mixed, and 
are increased readily by cuttings in sand, 
plunged in heat, under a glass. Synonyme : 

1, AfzdUa splindens. 

guianensis. . Yellow . 4, 8. Ev. T. 20 Guiana . 1824 

guineensis 1 . Yellow . 4, 8. Ev. T. 20 8. Leone 1793 

moluccehsis . Yellow . 4, 8. Ev. T. 20 E. Indies 1820 

proeera . . . Yellow . 5, 8. Ev. T. 30 W. Indies. 

CARAPICHEA, Aubl. Carapiche is the Caribean 
name of one of the species. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Cinchtrndcece. Stove shrubs of mode- 
rate dimensions, bearing white but not showy 
flowers, growing in a mixture of light sandy 
loam and heath mould, and propagated by 
cuttings planted in' pots of sand. See Oe- 
phailis. 

Carats, the seeds of Erythrlna Abyssinica. 

Caraunda. See Carissa Cardndas. 

Caraway. See Carwm C&rui. 

Carbonized, burned to coal. 

Carbozotic acid is obtained by the action of 
nitric acid on indigo. 

Card amine, Linn. From lcardia, the heart, 
damas, to subdue ; stomachic quality of the 
plants, or perhaps a diminutive of kardamon, 
watercress, the taste being similar. Linn. 15, 
Nat. Or. Brassicacece. An interesting genus, 
of the simplest culture and propagation. 



CAR 



111 



CAR 



±Brit., wat. pi. 
i Italy . . 1710 
1 Scotl.j mount. 
J Austria 



Sijnonyme: 1, 0. bellidifblia. See Macro- 
podium, Pteroneuron. « 
amilra . . White 4, H. Her. P. 
asarif&lia . . White (J, H. Her. P. 
bellidifblia . White 4, H. Her. P. 

alplna 1 . . White 4, H. Her. P. { Austria . 1668 
Chelid&nia . White 6, H. Her. P. 1 Italy , . 1739 
glatica . . . White 6, H. Her. P. i Calabria . 1827 
latifblia . . Purple 6, H. Her. P. l£ Spain . . 1710 
macrophylla . Purple 5, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1824 
pratensis . . Purple 4, H. Her. P. 1 Brit., dmp. m. 
plena. . . Purple 4, H. Her. P. 1 Brit., dmp. m. 
thalictroldes . White 6, H. A. i Piedmont 1818 

trifdlia . . . White 5, H. Her. P. 1£ Switzerl. . 1629 
uligindsa . . White 4, H. Her. P. J Tauria . 1819 
afrfcdma, alpina, chilinsis, dentdta, granulosa, 
hirsuta, impatiens, parvifibra, pensylvdnica, 
prorepens, resedifolia, rhomboidea, rotundi- 
fblia, sylvdtica, umbrbsa. 

Cardamines. See CypMa Oarddmines and 

Lepidium Oarddmines. 
' Cardamom. See Alpinia Cardambmum, A. 
mklia, and Ambmum Cardambmum. 

Cardamom of Ceylon. See Elettdria mdjor. 

Cardamom oe Malabar. See Elettdria Car- 
dambmum. 

Cardam6mum. See Alpinia and Ambmum. 

Cardiaca. See Leonurus Cardiaca. 

Cardinal elower. See Lobilia cardinalis. 

Cardinalis, principal, chief ; scarlet. ■ 

Cardiospermum, Linn. From Tcardia, a heart, 
and sperma, seed ; in allusion to the shape of 
the seeds. Linn. 8, Or. 3, Nat. Or. Sapin- 
ddceoe. The species of this singular genus 
require to be sown ina hotbed frame, or in the 
stove in any light soil. 

canescens . . White . 8, G. A. CI. 20 E. Indies 1828 
ooluteoldes . White . 7, S. Ev. CI. 10 Caraoeas 1818 
Corlndum . . Wh. gr. 7, S. A. 4 Brazil . 1750 

grandifldrum . White . 7, S. Ev. CI. 15 Jamaica 1817 
Halicacabum . White . 7, S. CI. A. 4 India . 1594 
hirsMum . . White . 7, S. Ev. CI. 12 Guinea . 1822 
pubescens . . Scarlet 6, S. Ev. CI. 6 N. Spain 1823 

Cardoon. See Cpnara CardHnculus. 

Card(5patum, Jussieu. Carduus, a thistle, and 
patos, beaten path ; in allusion to the appear- 
ance of the plant, and the place it inhabits. 
Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asteraccce. An 
uninteresting herbaceous plant, of simple cul- 
tivation, and increased by dividing the root — 
corymbbsum. 

Carduncellus, Adanson. From the diminu- 
tive, cardunculus, of cardoon. Linn. 19, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Asteracece. A genus of pretty 
herbaceous plants, succeeding well in common 
soil, and increased by dividing the roots. 
Synonymes: 1, Carthamus mittssimus: 2, C. 
carduncUlus. 

mitissimus 1 . Blue . 6, H. Her. P. J France . . 1776 
vulgaris 2 . . Blue . 5, H. Her. P. J Prance . . 1734 

CARDUNCULUS. See Cynara Cardimculus. 

CARDUUS, Linn. From ard, in Celtic, meaning 
a point, the plants being mostly spiny. Linn. 
19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asterdcece. A coarse, 
though somewhat ornamental and numerous 
genus of plants, growing from one to four feet 
high ; they succeed in any common soil, and 
are multiplied by seeds or divisions. Syno- 
nymes: 1, Onopbrdum deltoldeum ; 2, Carlina 
pyrendica. See Cirsium, Serrdtula, Silybum. 
Hiatus . . . Purp. 7, H. B. 2 . . 1812 



fflbidua . . Purp. 7, H. A. 2 Tauria . . 1816 

alpestris . . Purp. 7, H. Her. P. li Croatia . 1805 

ar^bicus . . Purp. 7, H. A. lj Arabia . . 1789 

arctioldes . . Purp, 7, H. Her. P. 2 Carniola . 1804 

argentatus . Purp. 7, H. A. 1 Egypt . . 1789 

Argemone . Purp. 7, H. Her. P. 2 Pyrenees . 1S10 

"lius 1 ] ^" 1 Purp - 8 ' H ' Her - P - Siboria • • im 

candicans . . Purp. 7, H. B. 3 Hungary . 1 805 

carlina?f61ius Purp. 7, H. B. 2 Pyrenees . 1S04 

carlinoldes 2 . Purp. 7, H. B. 1 Pyrenees . 1784 

cinereus . Purp. 7, H. A. 3 Caucasus . 1818 

clavulatus . Purp. 7, H. A. 2 Canaries . 1827 

colllnus . . Purp. 7, H. B. 3 Hungary . 1818 

corymbosus . Purp. 7, H. B. 4 Naples . . 1824 

crassifblius . Purp. 7, H. Her. P. 2 . . 1805 

orispus . Purp. 7, H. B. 2 Europe . 1804 

defloratus . Bed . 8, H. Her. P. i Austria . 1570 

dubius . . . Purp. 7, H. Her. P. 2 . . 1816 

hamulbsus . Purp. 6, H. B. 4 Hungary . 1802 

lanugindsus . Purp. 7, H. B. 3 Armenia . 1820 

leucanthus . Purp. 7, H. A. 2 Spain . 1816 

leuc6graphus Purp. 6, H. A. 2 Italy . 1752 

talus' Purp - 7 ' H - Her - P ' 2 Numidia ' • 182r 

medius '. . Purp. 6, H. Her. P. 2 Piedmont . 1819 

montosus . . Purp. 7, H. B. 3 S. Europe . 1820 

nigresccns . Purp. 7, H. B. 4 S. Prance . 1819 

nutans . . . Purp. 7, H. A. 2 Brit., meadows, 

onopordioldes Purp. 7, H. Her. P. 1J Iberia . 1818 

orientalis . . Purp. 7, H. Her. P. 2 Iberia . . 1804 

parviflbrus . Purp. 7, H. Her. P. 2 S. Europe . 1781 
peregrlnus . Purp. 7, H. A. 2 . . 1810 

Porsonata. . Purp. 7, H. ,B. i Austria .1776 

podacanthus Purp. 7, H. Her. P. 3 France . . 1819 

Py halus" ■ PmT - r ' H - Her - P ' li - S - Eur °P e • 17S9 

seminudus . Purp. 7, H. B. 2£ Caucasus . 1819 

uncinatus . Purp. 7, H. B. 6 Tauria . . 1817 

volgeiisis . . Purp. 7, H. A. 2 Volga . . 1820 

acanthoses, tenuiflbrus. 
Carex, Linn. From careo, to want ; the upper 
spikes being without seeds. Linn. 21, Or. 8, 
Nat. Or. Cyperdcece. This genus is exten- 
sive, and the species are uninteresting : part 
of them are natives of marshy situations, 
and a few do best on dry sandy eminences ; 
they seed freely, by which they are in- 
creased. Synonymes: 1, C. scUica; 2, C. stra- 
minea, vaginuta; 3, lagopena; i, Persobnia — 
acuminata, acuta, alba, alp&tris, amblyo- 
carpa, ampullacea, anceps, angustifblia, ap- 
pressa, aqua"tilis, arenaria, atrata, axillaris, 
bicolor, binervis, Bonninghausiana, brachy- 
stichya, brizoldes, bullata, Buxbanmii, erespi- 
tbsa, capillaris, chordorhiza, ciliata, clandestlna, 
collina, conglobata, crinlta, curta, C. apicu- 
lata, curvula, cyperoldes, Davalliana, depau- 
perata, digitata, dioica, distans, divlsa, divulsa, 
elongata, exte'nsa, ferruginea, flava, filifdrmis, 
fimbriata, flexnosa, f6rrea, foVtida, Fraseriana, 
frigida, fiilva, Gibs&ni, glare6sa, Grahami, gra- 
nulans, hirta, hordeif6rmis,incurva,intermedia, 
inversa, irrigua, juncea, juncifdlia, laevigata, 
lagopodioldes, leporlna3, leuco-gldchin, limdsa, 
lobata, loliacea, longipes, leucorum, Michelii, 
Mielich6fera 1, microstachya, montana, mu- 
cronata, multiflbra, muricata, nemordsa, nigra, 
nitida, norvegica, nutans, OSderii, ovalis, pal- 
lescens, paludosa, panicea, paniculata,parad6xa, 
paueiflora, p^ndula, phseostachya 2, pil6sa,'pilu- 
lifera, plantaginea, podocarpa, prsecox, pseudo- 
cyperus, pulicaris, pulla, pyrenaica, rarifldra, 
recurva, remdta, repens, rigida, ripkria, 
rosea, rostrata, rupcstris, sallna, saxatilis, 
schsenoldes, Schreberi, scopiria, secallna, speiro- 



CAR 



112 



CAR 



st&chya, sphserostachya, stellulata, stenophylla, 
stictocarpa, stipata, straminea, stricta, strig6sa, 
sylvatica, tenella, teretiuscula, thuringiaca, 
tomentosa, umbrosa, ustulata, VaMii, vesicaria, 
vltilis 4, vulpiua. See Elijna, and Unclnia. 
Careya, Roxburgh. In honour of the Rev. 
William Carey, of Serampore, a distinguished 
botanist. Linn. 16, Or. 8, Nat. Or. Myrt&ceos. 
C. herbacea is a most splendid herbaceous 
stove-plant, of rather difficult culture ; it must 
be grown in a mixture of light loam and sandy 
peat, carefully watered at all times, particu- 
larly in winter, and the pot properly drained ; 
and the mode of raising it is by dividing the 
roots. 

arborea . . Red yel. 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 E. Ind. 1823 
herbacea . . Eed . . 7, S. Her. P. i E. Ind. 1808 
apherica . . Red . . 7, S. Bv. S. 2 E. Ind. 1S03 

CARGfmA, R. Brown. In honour of James 
Cargill, M. D., of Aberdeen. Linn. 23, Or. 
2, Nat. Or. Eben&cece. An interesting genus 
of greenhouse plants, that succeed best grown 
in a mixture of peat and, open loam, and are 
increased by cuttings in sand, or sandy soil, 
under a glass. 

australis . . White 6, G. Ev. T. IS ST. Holland 1816 
laxa White 6, G. Bv. T. 15 N. Holland 1827 

Carica, Linn. Erroneously supposed to be a 
native of Caria. Linn. 22, Or. 9, Nat. Or. 
Papaydcece. The plants of this genus are 
ornamental, and grow best in loamy soil ; full- 
grown cuttings Toot at once, if the leaves are 
not taken off, planted in sand, under a glass, 
in heat. 

cauliflbra . . Green . 6, S. Ev. T. 20 Caraccaa . 1806 

citrifbimis Wht. gr. 7, S. Ev. T. 20 Lima . .1820 

microcarpa Wht. gr. 7, S. Ev. T. 20 Caraccaa . 1806 

monolea . . Wht. gr. 6, S. Ev. T. 20 Caraccaa . 1818 

Papaya . Green . 7, S. Ev. S. 20 India . 1690 

pyriforznis . Wht. gr. 7, S. Bv. T. 20 Guiana . 1823 

' 1 1 . Wht. gr. 7, S. Ev. T. 20 Guiana . 1821 



Carica. See Ficus Carica: 

Carina, a keel like that of a boat, also the lower 
petal of a papilionaceous flower. 

Carinatb, keel-shaped. 

Carinately-concave, hollowed so as to resem- 
ble a keel externally. 

Carinately-winged, having a wing like a 
keel. 

Cari<5psis, a one-celled, small, indehiscent peri- 
carp, adhering to the seed which it contains, 
as the grain of grasses. 

CARfssA, Linn. Derivation not known. IA/rm. 
5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Apocynacew. This is an 
ornamental genus, the species attain from six 
to twenty feet high, and to succeed well re- 
quire a mixture of peat and loam ; and to grow 
in pots, should be carefully drained, as the 
plants are impatient of much water. Cuttings 
root freely in sand, under a glass, in heat. See 
Holarrhema. 

Carandas . . White 7, S. Ev. T. 15 E. Indies . 1790 

lanceolata. . White 7, S. Ev. T. 5 N. Holland . 1822 

ovata . . White 8, S. Bv. T. 15 N. Holland . 1819 

spinarum . . White 7, S. Bv. T. 25 E. Indies . 1819 

Xyloplcron White 7, 8. Bv. T. 10 Mauritius . 1820 

CarlIna, Linn. Named after the famous 
Charlemagne, whose army was cured of the 



plague by it. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Aster&cece. Interesting plants, attaining from 
one to three feet high, and succeeding well in 
garden soil ; they are easily increased from 
seeds. Synonymes : 1, O. sulphkrea ; 2, C. brae- 
te&ta. See Oarduus, Clrsium. 

acanthifblia . White 6, H. Her. P. 1£ Oarniola. 181 S 

acaulis . . . White 6, H. Her. P. f Italy . . 1640 

cauleacena . White 6, H. Her. P. 1 Switzerl. 1819 

aggregata . . White 7, H. Hor. P. li Hungary 1804 

B 8teiniana . } Pur P le 8 > H - Her - P - 2 Caucasus 1816 

corymbosa . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 3 8. Europe 1640 

l.inata . . . Purple 6, H. A. 2J 8. Europe 1683 

lyi-ata . . . Yellow 6, G. B. 1 C. G. H. 1816 

racembaa 1 . Yellow 7, H. A. 3 Spain . . 1658 

sicula 2 . . Purple 7, H. B. 1 Sicily . . 1827 

simplex . . Whito 6, H. Her. P. 1J Hungary 1816 

vulg&ris. 

Carline thistle. See Carlina. 

CarlowIzia, Mcench. After Carlowiz, some 
unknown botanist. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Aster&cece. This is a pretty greenhouse shrub, 
attaining the height of three feet ; it thrives 
best when grown in sandy loam ; cuttings root 
freely in sand, under a glass. Synonyme : 1, 
Onobroma salicifolia. 
salicif&lia 1 . Yellow 8, G. Ev. 8. 3 Madeira . . 1784 

Carlud<5vica, Ruiz and Pavon. Named in 
honour of Charles IV. of Spain, and Louisa his 
Queen, noble patrons of botany. Linn. 21, 
Or. 9, Nat. Or. Pandan&cece. These are 
ornamental low palm-like plants ; they grow 
best in a mixture of sandy peat and loam, and 
are multiplied by suckers. Synonymes: 1, 
Sdlmia angustifblia, ; 2, Ludovia funifera. 
angustifblia 1 Gr. yel. 7, 8. Her. P. 3 Peru . .1818 
funifera 2 . White 7, 8. Ev. CI. 4 Trinidad . 1824 
jamaicensia . White 7, 8. Ev. CI. 4 Jamaica . 1825 
latifMia . Green 7, 8. Her. P. 3 Peru . . 1818 

White 7, 8. Her. P. 3 Peru . . 1818 



Carmal. See ZygophpUmn simplex. 

Carmichaelia, R. Brown. In honour of the 
late Captain Dugald Carmichael, F. H.S., au- 
thor of the "Flora of Tristan da Acunha." 
Linn. 17, Or. 4, Nat Or. Fabacece. A pretty 
greenhouse shrub, succeeding well in sandy* 
peat, and increased by cuttings in sand under 
a glass. Synonyme: 1, Ldtus a'ustrhlis. 
australia 1 . Blue . 6, G. Bv. S. 2 N. Holland . 1800 

Carminatives, medicines which remove flatu- 
lence. ' 

Carm6na, Cav. Named in honour of Carmona, 
a painter and companion of Loefling. I/km. 
5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Ehretiitceoe. Rather inte- 
resting shrubs. See Ehretia. 

Carnation. See Didnlhus caryophtfllus. 

Carnatjba. See Cerbxylon. 

Carnose, fleshy, thick substance. 

Carob tree. See Ceratonia. 

Carolina allspice. See Calyc&nthus fldrida. 

Carolina pink root. See Spigilia mari- 
Idndica. 

Carolina Vanilla. See IAMris odorattssima. 

CAROLfNEA, Linn. In honour of Sophia Caro- 
line, Margravine of Baden. Linn. 16, Or. 8, 
Nart. Or. Sterculihcece. Splendid species, grow- 
ing from fifteen to twenty feet high ; they 
delight in a rich loamy soil ; and cuttings, not 



CAR 



113 



CAR 



deprived of their loaves, root in sand under a 
glass in heat. See Sciodaphffllum. 

alba .... White . 7, S. Ev. T. 20 Brazil . 1817 

insignia . . Bed . . 7, S. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1796 

macrocarpa . White . 6, S. Ev. S. 20 Mexico . 1840 

minor . . . Rd.yl.gr. 7, S. Ev. T. 20 Guiana . 1798 

princeps . . Bd.yl.gr 7, S. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 17S7 

Car6ta. See DwAcus cardta. 

CarfHIlla, ) the small parts of which compound 

Carpels, ) . fruits are formed. 

Carpesium, Linn. From karpesion, a hit of 
straw, the appearance of the leaves of the in- 
volucrum. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Astcr- 
acece. Plants of little beauty, and easy manage- 
ment in light rich soil ; seeds, 
pubescens . Yellow . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 183S 
torulbsum . Yellow . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1823 
Wulfcianum . Yellow . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1829 

abrotanoldes, eirnuwm. 
CarpInus, Linn. From the Celtic, car, wood, 
pinda, head ; the wood being fit for the yokes 
of cattle. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Corylacece. 
Ornamental trees, from twelve to thirty feet 
high ; some of the species make good hedges 
for shelter, as they grow quick, and are easily 
managed ; they are raised from seeds or layers 
without difficulty: See Ostrya. 
aniericilna . Apetal 8, H. De T. N. Amer. . 1S12 
Betulus . . Apetal 3, H. DeT. 30 Brit, woods. 

inclsa . . Apetal 3, H. De T. 20 Brit., gardens. 

quercifolia . Apetal 5, H. De T. 30 Europe . . 

variegate . Apetal 3, H. De T. 20 Brit., gardens, 
orientalis . . Apetal 5, H. De T. 10 Levant . . 1789 

Carpo-Balsamom. See Balsamodendron. 

Carpodinus, -ft. Brown. From karpos, fruit, 
and dinos, a circle ; the fruit being round. 
Linn. 5, Or^ 1, Nat. Or. Apocyn&cece. A fruit- 
ing shrub, attaining about eight feet high, and 
growing well in a mixture of open loam and 
sandy peat, .and increased, without difficulty, 
from cuttings, 
dulcis . . . Green . G, S. Ev. S. 8 S. Leone . 1S22 

Carpod6ntos, LabillardUre. From karpos, a 
fruit, and odontos, toothed ; the cells or carpels 
toothed at the apex. Linn. 13, Or. 6, Nat. 
Or. Hypericiceas. An ornamental greenhouse 
plant, growing to the height of twenty feet ; 
it thrives best in peat and loam mixed, and 
-cuttings root freely in sand, under a glass, 
lucida . . . Yellow . G. Ev. T. 20 N. Holland 1820 

Carfology, the science which treats of the 
structure of fruits and seeds. 

Carpop6gon. See Muc&na. , 

Carrageen moss. See Ch6ndnts crispus. 

Carraway. See Carum. 

Carrichtera, De Candolk. Probably without 
meaning. Linn. 15, Nat. Or. Brassicdcea). 
This is a pretty annual, growing well when 
sown in the open ground in a dry situation. 
Synonyme: 1, Villa Annua. 
ViSlla 1 . . Yellow . 8, H. A. \ Bug., sandy fie. 

Carrot. See Daucus. 

Carthagenian apple. See Punica. 

Carthamus, Tounufort. From its Arabic name 
quorlum, to paint; the flowers yield a fine 
colour. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asterdcece. 
Interesting annuals, requiring to be sown on 
a gentle hotbed, and afterwards transplanted 



where they are intended to flower. See Car- 
duncillus, Clrsium, Heracdntha. 
oxyacantha . Yellow . 7, H. A. 3 Caucasus . 1818 
tinctdrius . Orange. 6, H. A. 3 Egypt . . 10j1 

Cartilaginous, gristly. 

Cartonema, R. Brown. From kartos, shorn, 
and nema, a filament ; in allusion to the sta- 
mens. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Commely- 
ndceai. A pretty annual, requiring merely to 
be sown in sandy peat, and treated in the 
stove, 
spicata . Blue . 7, S. Her. P. 1 N. Holland 1822 

Cart6pfel. See Solanum tuberosum. 

Cart-wrack. See Fucus serralus. 

Carui. See Carum Cdrui. 

Carum, Koch. From Caria, in Asia Minor, 
being originally found there. Linn. 5, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Apidccte. One species of this genus, 
C. Cdrui, produces the seeds so generally 
known by the name of caraway seeds ; they 
are hardy biennials, and requiro merely to be 
sown in the open ground. See Ptycliltii. 
carui . . White . 5, H. Her. P. 2 Brit, pastures. 

simplex. 

Caruncle, a small protuberance. 

Caruncularia, Haioorth. Derived from carun- 
cula, a fleshy protuberance ; in reference to 
the flowers. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asalc- 
piddacece. A curious succulent plant ; for 
culture, &c, see StapUia. Synonyme: 1. 
Stapelia pcdunculdta. 
pedunculata 1 . Br. pur. . 7, S. Ev. S. i C. G. H. 1700. 

Carunfel. See Caryophj/lhis aromd'.icus. 

Carupa. See Carapa. 

Carvi. See Carum Cdrui. 

Carya, Nuttall. From caryon, signifying ar 
nut ; in allusion to the fruit. Linn. 21, Or. 
9, Nat. Or. Juglanddcece. A genus of timber- 
trees, growing about thirty feet high ; they 
succeed in common soil, and increase by seeds 
or layers. Synonymes : 1, Juylans squamisa, 
alba; 2, /. amara ; 3, /. compr&ssa, ; i, J. 
obcorddta; 5, /. angustifilia, olivcefbrmis' ; 6, 
J. porclna : 7, J. sulc&ta. 

alba 1 . . . Apetal . 4, H. De T. 30 N.Amer. 1629 
amara 2 . . Apetal . 5, H. De T. 80 N.Amer. 1800 
compressa 3 . Apetal . i, H. De T. 30 N.Amer. 1730 
lacinidsa . . Apetal . 4, H. De T. 30 N.Amer. 
microcai"pa . Apetal . 4, H. De T. 30 N.Amer. 

' " 5, H. De T. 30 N.Amer. 1812 

4, H. De T. 30 N.Amer. 

5, H. De T. 30 N.Amer. 1799 
5, H. DeT. 30 N.Amer. 
4, H. De T. 30 N. Amer. 1S01 
4, H. De T: 30 N.Amer. 

Apetal . 5, H. De T. 50 Philadel. 

From karyon, a nut ; the- 
species bear large fruit, containing an eatable- 
nut. Linn. 13, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Bhizobolacece. 
A genus of fruit-bearing trees, attaining the- 
height of a hundred feet ; in our stoves they 
thrive best in sandy open loam or a mix- 
ture of loam and peat, and may be increased 1 
by cuttings in sand, under a glass. Syno- 
nyme : 1, Pekea tuberculata. 
glabrum . . Green 4, S. Ev. T. 100 Guiana . 1S20 
nuctferum . Red yl. 4, S. Ev. T. 100 Guiana . 1820 
tomentbsuml White . 4, S. Ev. T. 100 Guiana . 1S20 

Caryophyllata. See Ghim. 

I 



obcord&ta 4 


. Apetal 


oliveefdrmis 5 Apetal 


porcina 6 . 


. Apetal 


glabra 


. Apetal 


sulcata 7 . 


. Apetal 


tomentdsa 


. Apetal 


maxima . 


. Apetal 


Cart6cah, 


Linn. 



OAR 



114 



CAS 



CAKTOPHTLL10EJL, or Clove-wovts. An order 
containing many species ; a few bear hand- 
some flowers, the carnation and pink for ex- 
amples, but the most part are not worth cul- 
tivating. 
Caryophylltjs, linn. From karyon, a nut, 
and phyllon, a leaf ; referring to the appear- 
ance of the flower-buds. Linn. 12, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Myrtacem. The species aromdticus 
grows to about twenty feet high, and produces 
the article known as cloves. It grows best in 
a mixture of sandy peat aud loam, in a strong 
steady heat. The plants are rather scarce, 
owing to the difficulty of keeping them in 
winter ; cuttings in sand root readily under a 
glass, in a moist heat. 

aromiticus . Tel. wh. 5, S. Ev. T. 20 Moluccas . 1797 
Caryophyllus. See Didnthus carynphyllus. 
Cary6ta, Linn. The Greeks applied this name 
to a cultivated date. Linn. 21, Or. 9, Nat. 
Or. Palmhceae. A noble and beautiful genus 
of palms, growing to the height of eighty feet ; 
the best way of treating them is in sandy loam, 
and a warm moist atmosphere ; increased by 
seeds. Synonyme: 1, O. sobolifera. See 
Or&uia. 

k6rrida . White . 5, S. Palm 20 S. America . 1823 
mltis . "White . 5, S. Palm 20 China . . 1820 
tains 1 White . 5, S. Palm 20 E. Indies . 17S8 

Casca d'anta. See Drimys. 

Casaor tree, or Cassowary tree. See Casua- 
rlna. 

Cascarilla bark. See Cinchona lanceol&ta, 
Lasionhna rdsea, Crdton Cascarilla and Lieu- 
teria. 

Casearia, Jacquin. In honour of J. Casearius. 
the co-operator of Eheede in the Hortus Mala- 
baricus. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Samydaccce. 
Interesting stove shrubs, growing from four to 
eight feet high ; they all thrive well in sandy 
loam, and are increased by cuttings in sand 
under a glass in heat. Synonymes: 1, C. 
deedndra ; 2, Iroucana guianinsis. 
hirsiita . . Yel. gr. 4, S. Ev. S. 8 Jamaica . 1825 
parvifldra 1 . Yel. gr. 4, a Ev. S. 5 8. America 1818 
. Yel. gr. 4, S. Ev. S. 6 Martinique 1827 
Yel. gr. 4, S. Ev. 8. 4 Guiana . . 1824 
Wht. gr. 4, S. Ev. 8. 5 Jamaica . 1818 
. Wht. gr. 4, B. Ev. S. 8 Jamaica . 1823 

See Anacardium. 
Casparia. See BavMnia. 
Caspian manna. See Alhigi camelorwm. 
Cassandra. See Andr6meda. 
Cassava. SwJdnipha Mdnihot. 
Cassebeera, Kaulf. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 

Polypodidcecs. Synonymes : 1. Pldris argintea-; 

2, Pteris auriculata; 3, Cheil&nthes cuneata; 

4, Ptiris farinbsa ; 5, Pldris hasi&ta; 6, Pteris 

intramargimAlis ; 7, Pteris peddlaj 8, Cheil- 

dnthes pterc&des. 

argentea 1 . Brown . 7, H. Her. P. £ Siberia . 1816 

auriculata 2 . Brown . 7, 8. Her. P. | 

cuneata 3 . . Brown . 7, S. Her. P. i . . 1881 

farindsa 4 . . Brown . 5, S. Her. P. X I. of Luzon 1840 

hastata 5 . . Brown . 8, G. Her. P. } C. G. H. . 1823 

"nalST 8 !' } Brown ' 9 ' P - Her - p - * Mexico . 1828 

podata 7 . Brown . H. Her. P. % Virginia . 1820 
pinnata . . Brown . 6, S. Her. P. ? 

ptoroldes 8 . Brown . 7, G. Hor. P. J C. G. H. . 1775 



parvifolia 
ramifldra 2 
serrulata . 
Bylvestris . 

Cashew-nut. 



triphylla . . Brown . 7, S. Her. P. £ . . 1824 

vespertilionis Brown . S, S. Her. P. 8 N. Holl. . 1821 

Casselia, Esenbeck. Derivation not known. 
Linn, 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Verbenapew. A 
stove shrub, of some beauty, growing in a mix- 
ture of sandy loam and heath mould, and pro- 
pagated by cuttings planted in sand, placed in 
a little heat. Synonyme : 1, Duranta Fischeri. 
integrifolia 1 . Blue . 3, S. Ev. S. 3 Brazil . 1S14 

Cassia, Linn. According to Olaus Celsus, this 
name is to be traced to the Hebrew Ketzioth, 
and latinised by Cassia. Linn. 10, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Fabaeew. This is a numerous genus 
of ornamental plants, growing from one to fif- 
teen feet high ; they delight in a light loamy 
soil, or loam and peat mixed ; some produce 
seed in abundance, but cuttings strike freely 
in sand, under a glass, in a little heat. Syno- 
nymes: 1, O. acwmin&ta ; 2, O. flexuosa; 3. 
O. crispaj 4, O. grandifldra; 5, O. orientalis, 
acutilbba; 6, O. Sinna; 7, O. proc&mlens ; 8, 
O. ctrwua; 9, C. arboriscens ; 10, O. multi- 
glandulbsa; 11, C. chininsis; 12, C. dimi- 
di&ta; 13, C. Plumieri. See Cathartocarpus. 
acapulc&isis . . Yel. 6, S. Ev. S. 3 Acapulco 1823 
asgyptlaea . . Yel. 5, G. Ev. S. 3 Egypt . 1822 
.EschynSmene' . Yel. 6, S. A. 1 W. Ind. 1810 

alata . . . .Yel. 6, 8. Ev. S. 10 W. Ind. 1781 
angustissima . Yel. 7, 8. A. 4 E. Ind. . 1820 

Apoucoulta 1 . Yel. 5, 8. Ev. 8. S Surinam 1820 
arborescens . . Yel. 5, S. Ev. S. 12 N. Spain 1818 
arenaria . . . Yel. 7, 8. Ev. • 8. 1 Maypuresl819 
artemisioldes . Yel. 6, G. Ev. S. 2 N. Holl. 1820 
aspera . . . Yel. 7, S. A. 1 Georgia 1818 

atomaria . . Yel. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 4 N.Amer. 1810 
auriculata . . Yel. 6, S. Ev. S. 4 E. Ind. . 1777 
australis . . . Yel. 7, G. Ev. 8. 3 N. Holl. 1824 
aversifldra . Yel. 7, 8. Ev. 8. 6 Brazil . 1820 
bacillaris . YeL fi, S. Ev. S. 3 E. Ind. . 1782 

Barclayana . . Yel. 7, G. Ev. S. 3 N. Holl. 1827 
BiSrteri . . . Yel. 6, G. Ev. S. 10 W. Ind. 1827. 
bicansularis . . Yel. 5, G. Ev. S. 4 W. Ind. 1739 
biflbra .... Yel. 8, G. Ev. S. 6 W. Ind. 1766 
bifoliata . . . Yel. 6, G. Ev. S. 2 BrazU . 1820 
bracteata . . Yel. 8, G. Ev. S. W. Ind. 1822 
brevifdlia . . .- Yel. 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 Madagas. 1824 
Browniana . . Yel. 5, S. Ev. 8. 4 Mexico . 1828 
Burmanni 2 . . Yel. 6, P. A. 1 C. G. H. 1810 

capensis . . . Yel. 6, G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H. 1816 
chamiecrista . . Yel. 7, G. Ev. S. 1 America 1699 
chintosis . . . Yel. 6, G. Ev. S. 4 China . 1807 
chrysotrlcha . Yel. 6, S. Ev. S. 4 Guiana . 1828 
ciliaris .... Yel. 6, 8. Her. P. 1 E. Ind. . 1817 
ciliata .... Yel. 6, 8. Ev. 8. I Cuba . 1820 
coromandeliana Yel. 6, S. Ev. S. 6 Coroma. 1823 
corymb&sa . Yel. 7, S. Ev. S. 3 B. Ayres 1796 
cuspidata . . Yel. 7, 8. Ev. 8. 4 8. Amor. 1820 
diphylla . . Yel. 6, S. Ev. S. 2 W. Ind. 1781 
dispar .... Yel. 7, 8. Ev. 8. 3 S. Amer. 1821 
elUptioa . Yel. 6, 8. Ev 8. 5 Trinidad 1818 

emarginata . . Yel. 5, S. Ev. S. 15 Jamaica 1759 
escullnta . . . Yel. 7, S. Ev. 8. 2 E. Ind.. 1823 
exigua . . . Yel. 8, 8. A. 3 Bengal . 1S20 

fastigiata . . . Yel. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 4 E. Ind. . ISIS 
flexubsa . . . Yel. 7, 8. A. 1 Brazil - . 1810 

. Flind&sii . . . Yel. 6, G. Ev. S. 3 N. S. W. 1818 
floribunda . Yel. 6, S. A. 4 N. Spain 1818 

fUSrida .... Yel. 6, S. A. 6 E. Ind. . 1820 

frondbsa 3 . . YeL 4, G. Ev. S. 8 W. Ind. 1796 
geminifldra . . Yel. 6, 8. Ev. S. 4 Mexico . 1S24 
glandulbsa . . Yel. 9, S. A. i W. Ind. 1S22 

glauca . . . Yel. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 4 E. Ind. . 1818 
glutindsa . . . Yel. 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 N. Holl. 1818 
gkcflja . . Yel. 6, S. Ev. S. 2 Orinoco 1917 
Herbertiana . . Yel. 11, S. Ev. 8. 9 Barba. 1828 
hlrshta . . . Yel. 7, 8. Ev. 8. 4 America 1778 
hirta .... Yel. 8, 8. Ev. 8. 3 N.Amer. 1820 
hispida . . Yel. 6, S. A. 2 Cayenne 1828 

Houstoniana . Yel. 7, S. Ev. S. 4 Jamaica 1S17 



CAS 



115 



CAS 



hiimilis . . . Tel. 6, S. B. 

italica .... Yel. 6, S. A. 

laevigata 4 .Yel. 7, 8. Bv. S. 

lanceolate 5 . . Yel. 7, S. Ev. S. 

latifblia . YeL 6, S. Bv. 8. 

Ugustrtna . . Yel. 7, 8. Ev. S. 

linearis Yel. 6, G. Bv. 8. 

lineata .... Yel. 6, S. Ev. S. 

longisfliqua . . Yel. 6, S. Ev. S. 

lotoldes . . Yel. 6, S. Ev. S. 

macranthera . Yel. 6, 8. Ev. 8. 

marginata . . Yel. 6, 8. Bv. 8. 

marilahdica . . Yel. 9, H. Her. P. 

mexicina . . . Yel. 6, 8. Bv. 8. 

microphylla . . Yel. 7, S. A. 

mimosoldes . . Yel. 7, 8. A. 

mollissima . . YcL 6, S. Ev. 8. 

montana . . . Yel. 5, 8. Ev. S. 

nlctitans . . Yel. 7, H. A. 

nigricans . . ; YeL 6, G. Ev. S. 

obovata 6 . . Yel. 7, 8. A. 

obtusifolia . . Yel. 7, 8. A. 

occidentals . . Yel. 6, 8. Ev. S. 

oxyadenia . . Yel. 4, S. Bv. S. 

pallida .... Yel. 6, S. Ev. S. 

Parkeriana . . Yel. 8, 8. Ev. S. 

pfifcula .... Yel. 8, 8. Ev. 

pendula . . - Yel. 7, S. Bv. 

pentagbna ' . Yel. 6, S. Her. 

p:15sa .... Yel. 6, S. Her. 

planisiliqua 13 . Yel. 6, 8. Bv. 

polyphylla . . Yel. 6, S. Bv. 

prostata . . . Yel. 6, 8. Ev. 

pubescens . Yel. 6, 8. Ev. 

pulchella . . . Yel. 7, G. Ev. 

pumila 7 . . Yel. 6, 8. Tr. 

purpurea . . . Yel. 7, S. Ev. 

procumbens . . Yel. 6, H. 



1 S. Amer. 1800 
3 8. Eur. 



capensis 
Colpoon 



quinquangularis Yel. 6, S. Ev. 



reticulata 
Richardiana 
robinioldes 
Rumphiana 
ruscifdlia . 
sennoldes 
sericea . . 
s6phora . 
specidsa . 
spectahilis 
stipulaeea 
sulcata 8 . 
sumatrana 
Tagera . . 
tarantan 
tenella . . 
Thonnfngii 
tomentbsa 9 
toroldes . 
tordsa 10 
trifl&ra . . 
uniflora . . 
ventistula 
vimhiea 
virgata . . 
Wallichitaa 11 



Yel. 8, 8. Ev. 

. Yel. 7, S. Ev. 

. Yel. 7, 8. Bv. 

. Yel. 5, 8. Ev. 

. Yel. 6, G. Ev. 

. Yel., 7, S. Ev. 

. Yel. 5. S. Ev. 

. Yel. 7, 8. Bv. 

. Yel. 6, 8. Bv. 

. Yel. 6, S. Ev. 

. Yel. 6, 8. Ev. 

. YeL 6, S. Bv. 

. Yel. 6, 8. Ev. 

. Yel. 7, S. 

. Yel. 7, S. Ev. 

. YeL 7, S. Bv. 

. Yel. 6, S. 

. Yel. 7, S. Ev. 

. Yel. 7, 8. 

. P.yl. 6, 8. Bv. 

. Rod 6, S. 

. Yel. 6, S. Ev. 

. Yel. 7, S. Ev. 
. YeL S. Bv. 

. Yel. 6, 8. Ev. 

. Yel. 6, 8. 



1 Levant . 
4 Trinidad 1820 
6 Bahama 1726 
3 Carolina 1800 
1 Jamaica 1818 
6 W. Ind. 1800 
H Trinidad 1820 
3 Brazil . 1824 

3 Surinam 1823 
1 N.Amer. 1823 

4 Mexico . 1824 

1 SanCruz 1800 

2 Ceylon . 1806 
6 8. Amer. 1820 
2 E. Ind. . 1822 

2 N.Amer. 1800 

1 Egypt . 1817 
li Egypt . 1640 

3 Jamaica 1732 
3 W. Ind. 1759 
3 Jamaica 1S20 
6 8. Amer. 181S 
11 Demeraral8 17 

2 W. Ind. 1778 

3 S. Amor. 1820 
1 Peru . . 1700 
1 Jamaica 1818 

3 W. Ind. 1822 

4 W. Ind. 1816 
i S. Amer. 1819 

3 S. Amer. 1819 
3 Maurit. 1825 

1 B. Ind. . 1814 
4' E. Ind. . 1821 
li N.Amer. 1806 
3 Cayenne 1818 

10 8. Amer. 1821 
1£ Cumana 1823 
8 8. Amer. 1823 
E. Iud. . 1822 
Madeira 1816 
B. Ind. . 1808 
S. Amer. 1731 
B. Ind. . 1658 
Brazil . 1816 
Caracoas 1820 
Chili . 1781 
S. Amer. 1820 
Sumatra 1823 
li E. Ind. . 1S03 
\\ Cumana 1817 

2 Oronooa 1820 
1J Guinea 1824 
12 8. Amer. 1822 

3 E. Ind. . 1812 
6 China . 1816 

1 W. Ind. 1S16 
3 Brazil . 1824 

2 Cumana 1825 
W. Ind. 1786 
W. Ind. 1810 
Nepal . 1817 



Maurocenia . 
oppositifblia . 



. 1621 
. 1799 
, 1820 
. 1690 



2 
3 
3 
4 
5 
4 

8. 3 

8. 3 

8. 

B. 

S. 

s. 

A. 
T. 

A. 3 

S. 6 

A. 1 

8. 3 

S. 2 

S. 3 

S'. 1 

A. 1 



Henri 
Linn. 



absus, ligustrvruAdes, obtusifolia, proctimbens, 
sulphured 12, Tbra. 

Cassia. See Cinnamdmum cassia. 

ClssrA buds. See Cinnamomum vdram. 

Cassida. See Scutellaria. 

Cassine, Linn. The nam<5 applied to it by the 
Indians of Florida. Linn. 5, Or. 3, Nat. Or. 
Aguifoliacew. An ornamental genus, from 
one to six feet high ; and one species, O. ex- 
cilsa, grows eighteen feet high. They thrive 
in a composition of loam and peat, and cut- 
,tings of the matured wood root freely in sand, 
under a glass. See Cel&strws, and Elceodln- 
dron. 

3ithi6pica . . White . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 
barbara . . White . 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1818 



White . 7, G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H. 
White . 7, G. Bv. S. 6 C. G. H. 
White . 7, G. Ev. S. 18 Nepal 
White . 7, G. Bv. S. 5 C. G. H. 
White . 7, G. Bv. S. 6 

Cassine dahoon. See ilex Cassine. 
CASsfNiA, R. Brown. In honour of M. 
Cassini, a celebrated French botanist. 
19, Or. 5, Nat.. Or. Asteracece. The species of 
this genus are pretty, and may be successfully 
cultivated in a mixture of loam and peat ; 
they are multiplied by dividing at the root, 
by cuttings, and -by seed, without difficulty. 
See Angidnthus. 

affinis . . . Yellow 5, G. Ev. S. 2 N. Holl. . 1820 
ailrea . . . Yellow 7, G. Her. P. 1 N. Holl. . 1803 
denticulata . Pa.yel. 6, G. Ev. S. 1J Australia 1S26 
. White 8, G. Ev. S. 2 N. Zealand 1821 
. Yellow 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 N. Holl. . 1822 
. Yellow 6, G. Her. P. 2 N. 8. W. 
. Yellow 7, H. A. 6 N. Holl. . 1818 



leptophylla 
longif 61ia . 



Cassioberry bush. See Yib-Curnwm Icevigatum. 

CassIope, name ot the wife of Cepheus. For 
culture, &c, see Andrbmeda. See Erica. 

Cassowary tree. See Casuarinq. 

CaSSUTHA. See RMpsalis Cass&tha. 

Cassuvium. See Semechrpus Anac&rdium. 

Cassytha, Linn. The Greek name of the Cus- 
ckta, which it much resembles. Linn. 9, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Oassyth&cece. These are curious 
parasites, resembling very much the habit and 
character of the genus Cuscula, and will suc- 
ceed with the same treatment ; which see. 
filifSrcnis . . White . 5, Parasite 8 E. Indies . 1796 
glabella White . 5, Parasite 3 N. Holland 1823 

Cassythacejs, or Dodder Laurels. The plants 
of this small order have quite the appearance 
of Dodders, and, like them, live as parasites on 
other plants., They are found in the hottest 
parts of the world. 
Castama. See Nymph&a. 
Castanea, Oceriner. From its being originally 
found in the territory of Castanea, in Thessaly. 
Linn. 21, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Corylacece. Orna- 
mental timber trees, of variable heights, from 
ten to fifty feet ; some are raised from, seed ; 
the varieties are frequently multiplied by 
grafting on the common kinds. Synonymes : 
1, Fagus Castanea ; 2, O. heterophplla laciniata; 
3, O. variegala; i, G.fbliis-lucidis. 
americana . Green 5. H. De. T. 50 America, 
ehinensis . . Green 5. H. De. T. 40 China . 
indica . . . Green 5, S. Bv. T. 50 B. Indies . 1827 
pumila . . Gr. yl. 7, H. De. T. 10 N. Amer. . 1699 
vesca 1 . . Green 6, H. De. T. 50 England, woods 

asplenif61ia2 Green 6, H. De. T. 50 Europe . . 

fdliis-aureis3 Green 6, H. De. T. 50 

medLa . Green 6, H. De. T. 50 Europe . . 

glabra . . Green 6, H. De. T. 50 

cochleilta . Green 6, H. De. T. 50 

glauca . . Green 6, H. De. T. 50 

chrysophylla Green 6, H. De. T. 20 California . 1830 

Castanospermum, Hooker. The seeds taste 
like chestnuts ; whence the name, from cas- 
tanea, a chestnut, and spermd, a seed. Linn. 
10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Fabacece. An ornamental 
fruit-tree, growing upwards of forty feet high, 
and delighting in any loamy soil ; it may be 
increased by layers: 

australc . . Saffron . 4, G. Ev. T. 40 N. Holl. . 1828 

12 



CAS 



116 



CAT 



CastELA, Turpin. After M. Castel, author of 
a poem upon plants. Linn. 8, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Ochnacece. An interesting stove shrub, four 
feet high ; it requires a mixture of peat and 
loam to grow in, and is increased by cuttings 
in saud, in heat under a glass, 
electa. . . White . 4, S. Ev. T. 4 W. Indies . . 1S21 

CastillJua, Midis. After Don Castilleja, a 
Spanish botanist, and friend of Mutis. Linn. 
14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Scroph.ularii.ccos. A genus 
of ornamental plants, of easy management ; 
the stove species succeed well in a mixture of 
loam and peat, and arc increased by cuttings ; 
the herbaceous and annual kinds may be grown 
in sandy peat, and increased by dividing the 
roots or seeds. Synonyms: 1, Bartsia pal- 
lida. 

integrifolia . Purple 6, S. Ev. S. 1 S. Amor. 1825 
moranensis . Bine . 7, S. Ev. S. 3 Mexico . 1825 
pallida 1 . . Lt.pur. 7, H. Her. P. J Siberia . 1762 
septentrionalis W. grn. 8, H. A. l£ Labrador 182*1 

serrata . . . Blue . 6, S. Ev. S. 1 S. Amer. 1820 

Castor-oil flant. See Ricinus communis. 

CasuarIna,. Linn. Supposed to bo named from 
the resemblance the leaves bear to the feathers 
of the Cassowary, of the same country. Linn. 
21, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Casuarinacece. These are 
very interesting plants, on account of their 
rush-like, frequently drooping, appearance ; 
they grow from ten to fifteen feet high, and 
are very desirable, from the circumstance of 
their flowering so late in the season ; they 
grow very well in a mixture of sandy loam 
and peat, and cuttings root in sand, under a 
glass. 

distyla . . . Apetal 2, G. Ev. T. 15 N. Holl. . 1812 
equisetif61ia . Apetal 9, G. Ev. T. 15 S. Sea Isl. 1776 
glailca . . . Apetal 9, G. Ev. T. 15 N. Holl. . 1824 
Indica . . . Apetal 9, G. Ev. T. 12 India, 
murioata . Apetal 11, G. Ev. T. 15 E. Indies. 1822 
nodifldra . . Apetal 2, G. Ev. T. 15 N. Caled. 1823 
quadrivalvis Apetal 5. G. Ev. T. 16 N. S. W. . 1812 
strfota . . . Apetal 5, G. Ev. T. 15 N. S. W. . 1775 
tcnufssima . Apetal 4, G. Ev. T. 10 N. Holl. . 1825 
toruttsa . Apetal 9, G. Ev. T. 15 N. S. W. . 1772 

CASTJARlNAcEiE, or Beef-woods. An order of 
only one known genus. Curious branching, 
leafless trees or shrubs, with timber of a high 
order, which is both hard and heavy, and of 
the colour of raw beef, whence the vulgar 
name. 

CASUMtiNAR. See Zingiber Casumunar. 

CAstjPO. See Phrynium Casupo. 

Catabrosa, Beauvois. Derived from katabrosis, 
signifying food. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Graminacece. A curious aquatic genus of 
grasses, that require to be grown in a cistern, 
or pan of water ; divisions. Synonynw : 1, 
Aira aqu&tica. 

aquatica 1 . Apetal . 6, H. Aq. P. 1J Eng., rivulets, 
viridula . . Apetal . 6, H. Aq. P. 1 . 1816 

CatachAtum. See Catasitum. 

Catakidozamia. See Zamia. 

CatAlpa, Jussieu. Its name in India. Linn. 
2, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Bignoniacece. C. syringoz- 
fblia is excellently adapted for planting singly 
on lawns, or about the skirts of pleasure- 
grounds ; it grows freely in a mixture of loam 
and peat, and is propagated readily by means 



of seed, layers, or cuttings. Syuonyme: 1, 
Bignonia microphijlla. 

longfssima . White . 6, S. Ev. T. 20 W. Indies 1777 

niicrophylla 1 White . 6, S. Ev. T. 14 Hispanwla 1820 

syringrefblia White . 7, H. De. T. 25 X.America 1726 

• Pdttsii . . . Rose . 7, H. Ev. S. 10 Chibuah . 1847 

Catananche, Linn. Katanaqkc, strong incen- 
tive ; used by the women of Thessaly in phil- 
tres and love potions. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Asteracece. A pretty genus, that succeeds* 
well in common soil, and may be increased by 
seeds, or dividing at the roots. 
Korulea . . Blue . 8, H. Her. P. 8 S. Eur. . 1596 
blcolor . . Wtblue 8, H. Her. P. 2J Gardens 1827 
ltitea . . . Yellow. 6, H. A. | Candia 1G40 

CataphrActa, clothed in mail. 

Catappa. See Terminalia. 

Catapfan. See Terminalia. 

CatAria. See Nipeia Cataria. 

Catarrhal, of or belonging to a cold. 

Catasetum, Richard. Not .explained. Linn. 
20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidhccce. All the 
species of this genus are strong, rapid-growing 
plants, and from the singular formation of the 
flowers, they well deserve a place in every col- 
lection. They should bo kept cool and dry 
when torpid, forced gently into growth, anil 
when growing freely, kept in a strong heat, 
and copiously supplied with water : this treat- 
ment should be applied to all plants of a 
similar habit. They require to be potted in 
the same kind of soil, and in a similar manner 
to the Slanhopeas and Gongoras. See My&ii- 
thus. Synonymes: 1, Mydnthus barbatus ; 
2, My&nthus proboscideus ; 3, My&nOins -cal- 
losus ; 4, Mydnihus cornutus ; 5, My&nthus 
detioldcus; 6, Monacdnthus discolor; 7, My- 
dnihus lanclferus ■ 8, Monacdnt/ms longifb- 
lius; 9, Monacdnthus rdseo-dlbus ; 10, My&n- 
thus sacchlus; 11, My&nthus spindsus; 12, C. 
Claveringi; 13, O. florib&ndumy 14, O. ma- 
culaium; 15, Monacdnthus fimbriatus, My&n- 
thus fimbridttis ; 16, My&nthus cemuus, C. 
ccmiLum; 17, Mormodes pardina. 
abruptum . Grn. yel. 9, S. Epi. Brazil . 1841 * k 

atratum . . Dark . 7, S. Epi. 1 Brazil . 
barbatum 1 . . Br.gr.w. 5, S. Epi. 2 Demera. 1836 
proboscldeum2 Brn. grn. 5, B. Epi. 2 Sertao . 1S36 
callosum 3 . . Brn. yel. G, S. Epi. LaGuayr.1840 
grandifldrum . G. br. pr. 12, S. Epi. Columb. 1845 
citrlnum 17 . Pa. yel. . 8, S. Epi. 
cornutum 4 . . Gr. pur. 3, 8. Epi. Demera. 1840 
cristatum . . Green . 8, S. Epi. 2 Brazil . 1823 
deltoldeum 5 . Gr. spot 3, S. Epi. Demera. 1842 
discolor 6 . . . Purple . 8, S. Epi. Brazil . 1842 
Bushmani . . Yel. gm. 8, S. Epi. Demerara. 
fimbriatum . Gr. wht. 8, S. Epi. Brazil .1837 
viridifldrum . Green . 8, S. Epi. Demerara. 
fimbriatum 15 . Wht. pk. 9, S. Epi. 1J Brazil . 1837 
fulighidsum . .' Grn. pur. 8, S. Epi. Mexico . 18: J ,9 
■ globifldrum . Olive br. 6, S. Epi. Brazil . 1S40 
Hookeri . . . Grn. br. 10, S. Epi. 1J Brazil . 181S 
integiSrrimum 14 Yellow . 6, S. Epi. Guatem. 1839 
laminatum . . Pur. spot 4, S. Epi. Mexico . 1844 
eburneum . Wbt.grn. 4, S. Epi. Mexico . 1839 
maculatum . . Gr. pur. 9, S. Epi. 1J Mexico . 1837 
lanclferum 7 . Pur. gr. S, S. Epi. Brazil . 1839 
Lansbergii . Gr. pur. S. Epi. Caraocas 1849 
longifolium 8 . Orange . 8, S. Epi. Demera. 1837" 
Ituidum . . . Grn.brn. 10, S. Epi. Brazil . 
maculatum . . Grn.pur. 9, S. Epi. 3 N.Grena.1836 
Mflleri .... Pur. spot 9, S. Epi. 2 Brazil . 1837 
Naso . . . Grn.pur. 8, S. Epi. Mexico . 18)3 
ochraceum . Yellow . 9, S. Epi. Brazil . 1814 



CAT 



117 



CAT 



pMmceps . . . Grn. yel. 6, S. Bpi. 1 Sp.Main 1S40 

poriferum . . Gm.pur. 8, S. Epi. 2 Demera. 1837 

pilrum .... Green . 10, S. Epi. 1 Brazil . 1824 

rtseo 41bum ■. . Wht. red 4, S. Epi. 2 Para . 1836 

Kusseli&num . Green . 7, S. Epi. 2 Guatem. 18S8 

saccatum 10 . . Yel.sp"t. 3, S. Epi. 1 Deraeva. 1840 
sanguineurn . . G.redbr. 11, S. Epi, 1J C.Amer. 1850 

semiapertum . Green . 1, S. Epi. 1 Brazil . 1824 

serratum . . Grn. yel. 9, S. Epi. 1 Panama 1S44 

Rpindsum 11 . . Grn.brn. S. Epi. 1 Brazil . 1840 

tridentatum . . Yel. brn. 4, S. Epi. 2 Trinidad 1822 
atropurpureum Dark pur. 8, S. Epi. 1^ Demerara. 
aureum . . . Yellow . 8, 8. Epi. l| Demerara. 

Claverfngi 12 . Yel. brn. 8, S. Epi. 2 Brazil . 1822 

floribundum 13 Yel. brn. 11, S. Epi. 1 Trinidad 1824 

macrocarpum . Yel. pur. 8, S. Epi. 2 Brazil 

viridifldrum . Green . 6, S. Epi. 1 Demerara. 

tabulare . . . Grn. pur. 6, S. Epi. 1 Grenada 1844 

trffidum 16 . . Green . 6, S. Epi. 1 Trinidad 

Trfllla . . .' .Grn. brn. 9, S. Epi. 1 S.Amer. 1840 

viridiflavum . . Yel. grn. 6, S. Epi. 1 S. Amer. 1841 

Wailesii . . . Green 9, S. Epi. 1 Hondur. 1840 

Warzewitzii . . Pa. Grn. 5, S. Epi. 1 Panama 1849 

Cataya. See Polygonum Calaija. 

Catchfly. See Siline. 

Catchweed. See Galium Aparlnc. 

Catechu, See Areca Cdteehu. 

Catepha. See Trachyme'ne. 

Caterpillar. See Scorpiivrus, 

CatesbAa, Gronomus. After Mark Catesby, 
author of the Natural History of Carolina. 
Linn, 4, Or.l, Nat. Or. Cinchonacem. An or- 
namental genus, the species of which attain 
from two to twelve feet high ; they thrive best 
in light turfy loam, and peat soil. Being very 
subject to the attacks of insects, great watch- 
fulness is required to keep them clear, or the 
plants never succeed or flower. Cuttings root 
in sand, under a glass, in heat, 
latifdlia . Yellow 6, S. Ev. X. 5 W. Indies . 1823 
parviflora. White . 6, S. Ev. S. 3 Jamaica . 1S10 
spin&sa . . Yellow 6, S. Ev. S. 12 I. Provid. . 1726 

Catha, Forsk The name of this genus is said 
to be of Arabian origin. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Celastracece. A shrub about three feet 
high, a native of the East Indies. Its flowers 
are green and without fragrance. It grows 
freely in a mixture of heath mould and light 
loam, and may be propagated by cuttings, 
panioulata Wht. grn. . 5, S. Ev. S. 3 E. Indies 1841 
Catharanthus, Don. From katharos, pure, 
and anthos, a flower ; on account of the neat 
and beautiful flowers. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Apocynaccas. The species of this genus are 
well worth cultivating in every collection ■ of 
plants. O. rdseus and its varieties succeed 
well in common garden soil, and are readily 
increased by cuttings or seeds. The seeds of 
C. pxisUlus should be sown in a pot full of light 
rich soil, and placed in a hotbed, and after- 
wards treated as other tender annuals. Syno- 
ivytncs: 1, Vinca pusilla ; 2, V. rdsea ; 3, Vinca 
rosea fol. variegatis. 

pusillus 1 . . Blue . 8, S. A. 1 Tranquebar 1778 
r6seus 2 . . Rs. old. 5, S. Ev. S. 1 E. Indies . 1726 

albus . . . White 6, S. Ev. S. 1 E. Indies. 
. ocellatus . W. pur. 6, S. Ev. S. 1 E. Indies. 

variegLtus 3. Bed w. 8, S. Ev. S. 1 Gardens. 

Cathartic, purgative. 

CathartocArpus, Persoon. From kathairo, to 
purge, and Jcarpos, fruit. Linn. 10, Or. 1, 
Nat.. Or. Fabacece. Stove plants, requiring the 
same treatment as the species of Cassia. Sy- 



nomjmes :-l, Cdssin grdndis, C. Braziliana, C. 
•mMlis; 2, O. lloxbUrgllii ; 3, Cdssia specibsa; 
4, Cdssia Fistula. 

consplouus Yellow 6, S. Ev. S. 20 Sierra L. 1822 

ferruginous . . Yellow 6, S. Ev. S. 20 Brazil . 1828 
Fistula 4 . Yellow 6, B. Ev. S. 20 E. Ind. 1781 

flstuloldes . . . Yellow 6, S. Ev. S. 20 Mexico . 1826 
grfadis 1 . . . Yellow 6, S. Ev. S. 30 Brazil . 1822 
Humboldtianus 3 Pa. red 6, S. Ev. S. 40 Caraccas 1826 
javanicus . . Yellow 6, S. Ev. S. 10 Java . 1779 
marginatus 2 . . Yellow 6, S. Ev. S. 20 E. Ind. 1823 
nod&sus . . Yellow 6, S. Ev. S. 20 E. Ind. 1824 
rhombifolius . . Yellow 6, S. Ev. S. 20 E. Ind. 1S20 
Trinitatis . . . Yellow 6, S. Ev. S. 20 Trinidad 1824 

CathcArtia, Hook. Named in honour of J. F. 
Cathcart, late at Tirrhoot. Linn. 13, Or. 5, 
Nat. Or. Papaveracece. A very pretty biennial, 
that will grow in any light rich soil, in a shel- 
tered situation, and increased from seeds, 
vill&sa . Yellow . 6, H. B. 1J N. India . . 1850 

Catholic, generally useful, excellent in a medi- 
cinal sense. 

Oatjang. See Ddlichos Oatidng. 

Catkin, inflorescence of the natural order Amen- 
taceas, as the willow. 

Catmint. See Nipeta. , 

Cat's-claw mimosa. See Inga Unguis-cdti. 

Cat's ear. See Hypoclidsris. 

Cat's tail. See T$pha. 

Cat's-tail grass. See PhUum. 

Catteridge tree. See Eu6nymus europdius. 

Caterpillars. See Scorpi&rus. 

Cat thyme. . See Teucrium marum. 

Cattleya, Lindley. In honour of "William 
Cattley, Esq., of Barnet, Hertfordshire, a 
famous patron of botany, and one of the most 
ardent collectors of rare plants of his day. 
Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidacece. Some 
of the species of this splendid genus of plants 
are most magnificent when in flower, as O. 
cr'ispa, labidta, and Mdssicej aud these three 
vio with each other in the beauty of their 
flowers : when they are well grown, each of 
these has generally from four to six flowers on, 
a spike ; in O. crispa the sepals and petals are 
pure white, the latter much curled, while the 
lip or labellum is purple in the inside, and 
white outside. The flowers of G. labiata are 
very large and showy, the sepals and petals 
being a delicate rose-colour, and somewhat 
curled; the outside of the labellum is also 
rose-colour, and the inside blotched, and 
striped with deep carmine. The flowers 
of C. M6ssice very much resemble those 
of labiatf, only they are larger, the cir- 
cumference of the flower being about twenty- 
four inches. All the other species are highly 
deserving of cultivation, if only for the splen- 
dour of their flowers. For culture and propa- 
gation they may be referred to the StanJiopeas. 
See SophronUis. Synonymes : 1, O. Karw'm- 
skii, Sobralia citrina ; 2, £roughtdnia Domin- 
ginsis, Lceliipsis Dominginsis ; 3, C. labi&ta 
Lemoniana; 4, O. Schomb&rghii, Gymbldium 
vwlaceum ; 5, C. bulbbswm; 6, G. Mdssicc 
mdxima; 7, C. spectdbilis, marginata, Pinilli; 
8, C. modista; 9, labiata Missix; 10, inter- 
media, vestalis, maritima Papeiansiana. 
AclSndioj . . Purple . 7, S. Epi. i Brazil . . 1839 



CAU 



118 



CEO 



Amethystlna . 
Arembergii . 
blcolor . . . 
bulhdsa . 
Candida .. . 
citrlna 1 . . 
coccmea . . 
crispa ( . . . 
Domingeusis 2 
elatior . . . 
slogans . . . 
Forbesii . . 
granul6sa . . 

Russelliana . 
guttata . 

elatior . . 

Russelliana . 
Ilarrisonife . 
intermedia 

augustifdlia . 

pallida 

variegata 
irrorata . 
labiata . . . 

atropurpurca 

Candida . . 

picta . . . 
Lemoniana 3 . 
Leopbldii . . 
lobata . . . 
Loddigesii 10 . 
luteola 8 
marginata . . 
maxima 
Mossise 9 . . 
odoratissima . 
pallida G . . 
Papeiansiana . 
Perrinii 
Pinelliana . . 
pumila 7 . . 
quaclricolor . 
Schilleriaua . 
Sklnneri 

atro-rdsea 

parvifldra 

Warcsewiczii 
specidsa . . 
superba 4 . . 
Walkeriana 5 . 



Purple 
Lilac . . 
Olive grn. 
Purple 
White . 
Citron 
Scarlet . 
Wht. pur. 9, 
Rose . . 4, 
Grn. spot. f. 
Rose vio. 8j 
Wilt. yel. 6, 
Wht. grn. 5, 
Gr. w. or. 5, 
Gr. spot . 8 ; 
Gr. spot . 4, 
Gr. spot . 4, 
Vio. yel. 4, 
Vio. yel. 4, 
Vio. yel. 0, 
Lgt. red . 6, 
Wht. red 5, 
Wht.crim. 5, 
Cri. lilac 5, 
Lil. pur. 11, 
Wht. cri. 8, 
Pur. cri. 6, 
Rose yel. 8, 
Brn. yel. 5, 
Rose . . 8, 
Vio. lilac 8, 
Yellow . 5, 
Pk.crim. 11, 
Drk. pink 5, 
Crim.lilac 7, 
Rose pur. 6, 
W.pk.yel. G, 
Violet yel. 6, 
Purple . 8, 

Purple . S, 
W.pur.yl.10, 
Crimson 6, 
Rose . . 8, 
Drk. rose 5, 
Purple . 5, 
Purple . 6, 
Rose pur. 6, 
Purple . 5, 
Lil. crim. 5 



S. Ep: 
S. Bpi 
S. Bp: 
S. Bpi 
S. Bp: 
S. Ep! 
S. Epi 
S. Bp: 
8. Bpi 
S. Ep: 
S. Ep: 
S. Ep: 
S. Ep: 
S. Epi 
S. Epi 
S. Epi 
S. Epi 
S. Ep: 
S. Ep: 
S. Epi 
S. Epi 
S. Epi 
S. Epi 
S. Epi 
S. Epi 
S. Epi 
S. Epi 
S. Ep: 
S. Epi 
S. Epi 
S. Epi 
S. Ep: 
S. Epi 
S. Epi 
8. Epi 
S. Epi 
S. Bpi 
S. Bpi 
8. Epi 
S. Epi 
S. Bpi 
8. Ep: 
S. Ep.' 
S. Ep: 
S. Epi 
S. Epi 
S. Epi 
S. Bpi 
S. Epi 
S. Epi 



Brazil . 
Brazil . 
Brazil . 
Brazil . 
Mexico 



. 1842 
. 1837 
. 1846 
. 1838 
1838 



Rio Jan. .1839 
Brazil . . 1826 
St.Domin. 1844 
Brazil . . 1827 
Brazil . .1850 
$ Brazil . . 1823 
Guatemala 1841 
Mexico . 1839 
. 1838 
. 1827 
. 1827 
. 1825 
. 1824 



Brazil , 
Brazil , 
Brazil . 
Brazil . 
Brazil . 
Brazil . 
Brazil . 
Brazil . 
1 Brazil 



. 1833 
. 1843 

1818 
1839 
1S49 
1S49 
1842 
1850 
1847 
1815 
1857 
1S43 



Brazil 
1 La Guayra 
1 Brazil . . 
1 Caraccas . 

i Brazil . . 
1 Brazil . . 

^ Brazil . . 
1 Brazil . . 
1 Brazil . . 
1 Brazil . . 
H Guayaquil 1844 
1 La Guayra 1836 
1J Demerara 1836 
1 Mexico . 1S40 
1 
1 Brazil . . 

i S. Amer. . 1837 
1 

1 Brazil . .1858 
1J Guatemala 1S26 
l| Guatemala 1836 
1 Guatemala 1855 
1 
1 
1 Demerara 1838 

i Brazil . . 1844 



Caucalis, Roffmansegg. A name used by Hip- 
pocrates and Theophrastus. Linn. 5, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Apiacece. The plants have little 
beauty, and are easily managed by merely 
sowing the seed in the open ground— daucoides, 
glabra, Mspida, lalifllia, Uptophfflla, mauri- 
tdnica, pumila. See Orlaya, Plalysp&rmum, 
Torilis, Turg&nia. 

CaudAtb, tailed, being like a tail. 

Caudex, the trunk or stem of a tree. 

CAUDfcuLA,asmallmembranous process, on which 
the pollen of orchidaceous plants is fixed. 

Caulescent, acquiring a stem. 

Caulialata, wing-stemmed. 

CAtriicuLE, the little stem of the embryo which 
unites the cotyledons with the radicle. 

Cauliflower. See Br&ssica oleracea caulifldra. 

Cauline, belonging to the stem. 

Caulinia. See Kennidya. 

Caulophyllum, Michaux. From haulos, a stem, 
and phyllon, a leaf ; being so terminated by 
the stalks, its leaves appear a continuation of 
the stem. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Berberi- 
dacem. A singular plant, that requires to be 
grown in sandy peat, and is increased by di- 
viding the roots. Synonyme : 1, Lcfriiticc 
thalictroldes. 
thalictroldes 1 Yel. grn. 5, H. Tu. P. N. Amer. 1755 



CAVANfLLEA. See Di6spyros Mabbla, and Em- 
brybpteris gelatinlfera. 

Caustic, having a burning quality. 

Cavanillesia. See PourrUia. 

Cavus, hollow, full of holes. 

Caxapoea. See Terininalia argintca. 

Cayenne butter. See Cdpsicum fruUscens. 

Cean6thus, Linn. From kenteo, to prick ; u 
name used by Theophrastus to denote a spiny 
plant. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Rhamnaceas. 
A genus of showy plants, growing from one 
to twenty feet high ; they thrive well in peat 
and loam ; cuttings strike in sand, under a 
glass. See Colubrina, Pomadirris, WilUmitia. 
Synonymcs : 1, 0. cceruleus ; 2, lihdmnus 
capensis ; 3, R. Icevigcttus; 4, R. mysta- 
clnus; 5, R. sphcerospirmus ; 6, Celdstrus zey- 
l&nicus. 
africanus . 
americanus 
asidticus 
azureus 1 . 
fl6re albo 
grandiflbrus Blue . 4', G. Ev. S. 10 Mexico 



. Fa. yel. 3, G. Ev. S. 6 C. G. H. . 1712 

. White 7, H. De. S. 3 N. Amer. 171S 

. Pa. yel. 7, G. Ev. S. 10 Ceylon 

. Pa. blue 4, G. Ev. S. 10 Mexico 
White 4, P. Ev. S. 10 



1691 
181S 



Blue . 4, G. Ev. S. 10 Mexico 

. White 4, G. Ev. S. 1J Mexico 

. White 6, G. Ev. S. 3 C. G. H. 
. Light 



pallidus 
buxifolius 
capensis 2 
colllnus . 
colubrlnus 
cubensis . 
cuneatus 
dentatus . 
divaricatus 
floribundus 
Fontanesiana Blue 
Harfcwegii . Blue . 
infestus . . White 6, S. Ev. S. 
iategerrimus Blue . C, F. Ev. S. 
intermedius . White 6, H. De. S. 
lsevigatus 3 . Gr. yel. 6, 8. Ev. S. 
Lobbianus . Blue 



1824 

1828 

7', H. Ev. S. 1 N. Amer. 1S27 

Green 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 Bahama . 1762 

Crim. S, S. Ev. S. 5 Cuba . . 1820 

. White 0, F. Ev. S. 5 California 1848 

C, F. Ev. 8. 4 California 184S 

6, H. Bv. S. 2 California 1841 

6, F. Ev. S. 4 California 1854 

F. Ev. S. 



. Blue 
. Blue 
. Blue 



Mexico . 1824 
California 1848 
N. Amer. 1812 
W. Indies 1818 
6 California 1S54 
8 N. Spain 1824 



G, H. Ev. 
macrocarpus Yellow 7, S. Ev. 8. 
miorophyllus White 6, H. De. 8. 1$ N. Amer. 1806 

Mociuianus . White 8, S. Ev. S. 5 Mexico . 1824 

mystaclnus4 W. gr. 11, S. Ev. S. 12 Africa. .1775 

nepaltosis . Yellow 8, H. De. 8. 10 Nepal . . 1820 

oreganus . Gr. w. 6, H. De. 8. 6 Oregon . 1859 

ovatus . . . White 7, H. De. 8. 3 N. Amer. 1818 

palliddsus . Blue . 6, G. Bv. S. 3 California 1849 

pffllidus . . Pa. bl. 5, F. Ev. 8. 2 N. Amer. 

papillbsus . Blue . G, F. Ev. S. 6 California 1849 

perennis . . White 8, H.Her. P. 2 Carolina . 1822 

reclinatus . . Green . 9, S. Ev. S. 5 Jamaica . 175S 

rigidus . . Violet G, F. Ev. 8. 4 California ISiS 

sanguineus . White 6, H. De. 8. 12 Missouri 1812 

s P h ^ r ° oir " } Gr. yel. 6, 8. Ev. S. 3 Jamaica . 1824 

tardifi&rus . White 9, H. De. S. 4 N. Amer. 1820 

thyrsifldrus . Blue . 6, G. Ev. S. 2 Mexico . 1843 

Veitchianus . Blue . 5, H. Ev. 8. S California 1S5S 

velutlnus . . White 10, F. Bv. S. 4 Oregon . 1859 

verrucosus . Pur.bl. 6, F. Ev. S. 5 California 184S 

zoylanicus 6 . Whito 7, S. Ev. T. 3 Ceylon . ISIS 

CEBADfLLA or CEVADfLLA. See Asagrfea offici- 
nalis. 

Cecr6pia, Linn. After Cecrops, king of Athens, 
whose legs were fabled to be snakes. Linn. 
22, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Artocarpaceai. Beautiful 
trees, attaining twenty or thirty feet high, 
they have five peltate leaves, which give the 
plants a fine appearance ; a mixture of loam 
and peat suits them, and strong cuttings 
planted in sand, under a glass, with a little 
lieat, root freely. 

cfincolor . . Apotal 8, 8. Ev. T. 20 Brazil . . 1822 
palmata . . Apetal 3, 8. Ev. T. 25 Brazil . . 1820 
peltata . . . Apetal 8, S. Ev. T, 80 Jamaica . . 1778 



CED 



119 



OEL 



Cedar, Barbadoes. See Juniperus barba- 



Cedar, Bermudas. See Juniperus bermu- 
diana. 

Cedar of Goa. See Ouprhsus lusitdniea. 

Cedar op Gtjiana. See Idea altlssima. 

Cedar of Lebanon. See Oedrus Libani. 

Cedar of Virginia. See Juniperus virgi- 
niana. 

Cedar, White. See Thuja Arbor- VUce, and 
Cuprissus ThyiMes. 

Cedrela, Linn. From oedrus, the cedar-tree ; 
the wood has an aromatic resinous scent like 
it. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Cedrelaeece. 
A genus of tallish timber trees ,' they do well 
in open loam, and young plants are procured 
from cuttings in sand, under a glass, 
australis . . Pk. yel. 6, S. Ev. T. 50 N. S. W. . 1823 
odorata . . Pink . 6, S. Ev. T. 50 W. Indies . 1739 
' Toona . . Yellow 6, S. Ev. T. 50 E. Indies . 1823 
velutlna . . Yellow 6, S. Ev. T. 50 E. Indies. 

Cedrate lemons. See Citrus. 

Cedre blanc. See Idea altissima. 

Cedre rouge. See Idea altissima. 

Cedrelace^; or Cedrelads. An order of tall 
trees, of which the mahogany tree (Sweetinia 
Mahdgoni) is a good example. 

Cedronella, Mcench. Supposed to be derived 
from kedros, the Cedar, in allusion to the well- 
known "Balm, of Gilead" (C. triphfflla). 
Linn. 14, Or. 1, Sat. Or. Lamiaeew. For 
culture see DracoeepJialum. Synonymes: 1, 
DraeocSphalum cordatum ; 2, D. mexicanum, 
Garddquia belonieoides ; 3, Cedronttla canari- 
Snsis, Draeoctphalum canariense. 
cana . . . Cri. red 6, H. Her. P. 3 Texas . . 1846 
cordata 1 . .Pa. bl. 7, G. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. . 1824 
mexicana 2 . Pa.pur. 7, 6. Her. P. 3 Mexico . 1837 
pallida . . Eose . 9, G. Her. P. 3 Mexico . 1844 
triphylla 3 . Pa.pur. 7, G. Ev. S. 3 Canaries . 1697 

CEDRUS, Miller. Found plentifully on the banks 
of a brook in Judasa, named Cedron ; whence 
the name. Linn. 21, Or. 10, Wat. Or. Pi- 
n&cece. The two species of this genus are not 
only ornamental but highly valuable for the 
fine timber they yield. They grow ninety feet 
high, delighting in sandy loamy soil, and are 
increased by seeds generally, but C. Deodara 
takes readily if grafted upon the common 
larch. Synonymes: 1, Plnus Deodd,ra; 2, 
Plnus Cidrus. 
Deodara 1 . . Apetal 5, H. Ev. T. 100 Nepal . . 1822 

robtista . . Apetal 5, H. Ev. T. 100 Nepal . . 
Libani 2 . . Apetal 5, H. Ev. T. 80 Levant . 1683 
fol. argenteis Apetal 5, H. Ev. T. 80 Mt. Atlas 
nana . . . Apetal 5, H. Ev. T. 20 

CelBA. See Bdmbax Ceiba. 

Celandine. See Cheliddnium. 

Celandine. See Soeebnia fruUscens. 

CelastrAce^e, or Spindle Trees. Small trees and 
shrubs, principally occupying temperate cli- 
mates. 

Celastris. See Maptenus. 

Celastrus, Linn. From celas, the latter sea- 
son ; the fruit remains on the tree all winter. 
Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Oelastraeece. This is a 
genus composed of ornamental plants, varying 
in height from two to twenty feet ; the species 
thrive best in a mixture of sandy loam and 



peat ; the ripened cuttings root freely in sand, 
under a glass. The leaves of C. ediilis and 
nAtans are said to be stimulant, and are used 
in medicine. Synonymes: 1, C. emarginatus ; 
2, C'assine laevigata. See Ceanbthus, Senada. 



bullatus . . White 7, H. De CI. 20 Virginia . 1759 

buxifblius . . White 5, G. Ev. S. 4 C. G. H. . 1752 

cassinoldos . White 8, G. Ev. 8. 5 Canaries . 1779 

cernuus . . White 5, G. Ev. S. 4 C. G. H. . 1817 

cymdsus . . White 7, G. Ev. S. 3 C. G. H. . 1815 

emarginatus . White 1, G. Ev. S. 6 C. G. H. . 1820 

flexu6sus . . White 5, G. Ev. S. 6 C. G. H. . 1820 

iliclnus . . White 6, G. Ev. S. 10 C. G. H. . 1817 

laurtnus . . White 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. . 1818 

linearis . . White 5, G. Ev. 8. 4 C. G. H. . 1818 

lucidus . . . White 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1722 

lycioldes . . White 5, G. Ev. S. 5 Canaries . 1821 

macrocarpa . White 5, G. Ev. S. 5 Peru . 1826 

mexicanus . White 6, 8. Ev. 8. 7 Mexico . 1824 

multiflbrus . White 5, S. Ev. T. 4 S. Europe 1816 

nryrtifdlius . White 7, 8. Ev. T. 20 Jamaica . 1810 

nutans . . White 6, 8. Ev. CI. 12 E. Indies . 1810 

eleoldes . . White 5, G. Ev. 8. 3 C G. H. . 1824 

ptorocarpus . White 7, G. Ev. S. 3 O. G. H. . 1824 

punctltus . White 7, G. Ev. CI. 5 Japan . . 1817 

pyracanthus . White 5, G. Ev. 8. 2C.G.H. . 1742 

q "aris ang "" 1 White G, S. Ev. 8. 12 Brazil . 1820 

retusus'l . Yellow 5, G. Ev. S. 6 Pom . .1824 

rigidus . . . Yellow 5, G. Ev. 8. 3 C. G. H. . 18,18 

scandens . . Yellow 5, H. De. CI. 20 N. Amer. . 1736 

tetragbnus . White 5„G. Ev. S. 6 C. G. H. . 1816 

tricuspidatus2 White 5, G. Ev. S. 6 C. G. H. .1818 

trigvnus . . White 5, S. Ev. S. 4 I. Franco . 182+ 

undatus . . White 5, G. Ev, S. 4 C. G. H. . 1826 

Celeriac. See Apium gravedlens rapdteeum. 

Celery. See Apium gravedlens. 

Cell, the hollow part of a capsule, in which the 
seeds are lodged, and the part of the anthers 
which contains the pollen. 

Cellular, composed of cells. 

Cel6sia, Linn. From fete, burnt ; the flowers 
of some of the species appear as it were singed 
or burnt. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Amaran- 
tcicece. These are all ornamental or curious 
plants, growing from one to five feet high ; the 
species should be sown in a hotbed frame, or in 
a hothouse, and when of a sufficient strength, 
they should be transplanted into single pots, 
and placed amongst other hothouse or green- 
house annuals. See Jirua, Deeringia : Lesti- 
budesia. 



argentea . .Lt. flesh 7, S. 

linearis . . Flesh . 6, G- 
atrosanguinea Carmi. 7, G. 

aurea . . . Yellow 7, G. 

pyramidalis Orange 7, G. 

castrensis . . Purple 7, S. 

cernua . . . Purple 7, S. 

coccinea . . Pink . 7, S. 

comosa . . . Pink . 7, 8. 

cristata . . Dk.red 7, 8. 

compacta . Dk.red 7, G. 

elata . . . Dk.red 7, G. 

flavescens . Yellow 7, G. 

dich6toma . Yellow 7, S, 



A. 1 China . . 1740 
A. 1 E. Indies 1714 
A. 1J 

A. 1 E. Indies 1579 
A. 1 Garden, var. 
A. 2 E. Indies 1739 
A. 3 E. Indies 1809 
A. i China . . 1597 
A. 1 E. Indies 1802 
A. 2 Asia . . 1570 
A. 1} Asia . . 1570 
A. 2 Asia . 1570 

A. 14 Asia . . 1570 
A. 1 E. Ind. . 1824 



echinata . . Purple 7, S. Ev. S. % Orinoco . 1821 

glauca . . . White 7, G. Ev. 8. L C. G. H. . 1818 

margaritaoeal Yellow 8, S. A. 2 W. Ind. . 1817 

Mons6nia . . White 8, 8. A. 3 E. Ind. . 1778 

nitida .' . . Purple 8, 8. A. 1 Malabar . 1706 

nodiflbra . . Green 8, S. A. 2 E. Ind. . 1780 

pyramidalis . White 7, S. A. 1 E. Ind. . 1820 

Celsia, Linn. In honour of Olaus Celsius, 
D.D., professor of oriental languages in the 
university of Upsal, and friend of Linnaeus. 
Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Scrophulariaeece. 



CEL 



120 



CEN 



This is a genus of ornamental plants, from two 
to six feet high ; its species must be raised on 
a mild hotbed, and then transplanted in 
pots, as it is necessary they have the protec- 
tion of a stove or greenhouse during winter. 
See A lonsba. 

Arctilrus . . Yellow . 4, F. B. 4 Candia . 1780 
betonicsefdlia Yellow . 7, F. B. 2 N. Africa 

C °l°ana nde " } Yellow . 7, S. A. 4 E. Ind. . 1783 

cretica . -. Yellow . 7, F. B. 6 Crete . . 1752 

heterophylla. Yellow . 7, F. B. 2 . 1829 

lanata . . Yellow . 7, F. Ev. S. 2 . 1818 

lanceolata . Yellow . 7, F. B. S Levant . 1816 

orientalia . Bra. yel. . 7, H. A. 2 Levant . 1713 

viscdsa. . Yellow . 7, S. A. 3 . 1816 

CiLSUS, upright, stately, tall. 

Celtis, Linn. One of the ancient names given 
to the Ldtus. Linn. 23. Or. 1, Nat. Or. Ul- 
ma-ccc. Nettle tree. This is an ornamental 
genus of trees and shrubs, varying in height 
from six to fifty feet ; the most of them do 
very well in any common garden soil, and are 
very suitable for the back of shrubberies and 
plantations ; increased by seeds or layers. Sy- 
nonyme: 1, 0. cordifblia. 

aculeata . . Green . S. Ev. T. 10 Jamaica . 1791 
australis . . Green . 5, H. De. T. 40 S. Eur. . 1796 
crasaif51ia 1 . Green . 4, H. De. T. 20 N. Amer. 1812 
laevigata . . Green . 4, H. De. T. 20 Louisiana 
lima . . . Gr. yel. . S. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1S23 
micrantha . Green . S, S. Ev. T. 10 Jamaica . 1739 
occidentals . Green . 4, H. De. F. 20 N. Amer. 1656 
cordata . . Green . 4, H. De. F. 20 N. Amer. 

"tamlaS } Green ' 4 ' H - De - V - 20 N ' Amer - 
orientalia . Gr. yel. . S. Ev. T. 50 E. Ind. . 1S20 
pimrila . Green . 5, H. De. S. 4 N. Amer. 1812 

sinensis . . Green . H. De. T. 10 Asia . . 1820 
Tournef&rti . Green H. De. S. 6 Levant . 1739 

Cembra, signifying a pine. See Finns Cimbra. 

Cbnangitjm, Fries. From kenos, empty, and 
aggeion, a vessel ; in reference to the empty or 
hollow receptacle. Linn. 2i, Or. 9, Nat. Or. 
Helvellacem. Minute species of Fungi, appear- 
ing generally upon plum and cherry barks, and 
as well upon the Mountain Ash and dead Firs 
— Aucuparia, Oe.rb.si, ferruginbsum, Pru- 
ndstri, quercinum, fuliyindsum, pulveraccum. 

Cenchrus, Linn. From kegchros, the oriental 
name of the millet. Linn. 3, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Graminaccce. These, as well as the greater 
part of the Gramindcece, are very curious ; the 
species of this genus grow from one to two feet 
high, and the principal part of them only re- 
quires to be sown in the open ground. See An- 
thephora, Centotheca, Echinaria. 
australis . . Apetal ... 7, Grass 1 N. Holl. . 1822 
echinatus . Apetal ... 9, Grass 2 W. Ind. . 1691 
spinifex: . . Apetal ... 5, Grass 1 S. Amer. 1S20 
tribuloldes . Apetal ... 6, Grass 1 N. Amer. 1S18 

Cenia, CommeKn. Derived from kenos, empty ; 
in allusion to its inflated calyx. Linn. 19, Or. 
2, Nat. Or. Aster accoc. Synonyme: 1, Lid- 
bickia turbinate/, — pruin6sa, turbinata, 1, tur. 
alba, tur. formosa. 

Cbn£sia, growing on Mount Cenis. 

Cen6myce, Acharius. From kenos, empty, and 
mykes, a fungus ; alluding to the hollowness 
of the little receptacles. Linn. 24, Or. 8, 
Nat. Or. Parmelidceoc. An extensive genus of 
interesting Lichens, discoverable upon moor 



and mountain land, and also upon old wood, 
&c. — alcicbrnis, bacilldris, bellidifibra, cerci- 
cbrnis, cocci/era, c. cornucopioldcs, defdrmis, 
dclicata, digitata, ecmocpma, c. gracilis, rn- 
divimfblia, fim.bria.la, f. cornuta, f. radiata, 
f areata, f. subuldta, gonoriga, g. anomdsa, pa- 
pillaria, pyxidala, racembsa, rangifcrlna, r. 
p&ngens, spardssa, uncialis, vermicularis. 

Cenoc<5ccum, Fries. From kenos, empty, and 
kokkos, a berry. Linn. 21, Or. 9, Nat. Or. 
Lycoperdaccce. Found in woods. — gebphilum. 

Cenol&piiium, De Candolle. From kenos, 
empty, and lophos, a crest. Ridges of ribs of 
fruit, hollow inside. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Apiaceoe. See Cnidium. 

CENTAijREA, Linn. With one of these plants, 
the Centaur Chiron cured the wound made in 
his foot by the arrow of Hercules. Linn. 19, 
Or. 3, Nat. Or. Asteracece. The species of this 
genus are, for the greater part, ornamental 
plants, growing from half a foot to five feet 
high. The hardy annual and biennial kinds 
need only to be sown in the open ground ; 
the half-hardy ones should be sown on a mild 
hotbed, where they must remaiu till strong 
enough to be planted out in the borders. Sy- 
nonym.es: 1, G. ceratophflla ; 2, G. cauedsica; 
3, C. exallata ; 4, O. argyrophfflla ; 5, C. lina- 
rifolia ; 6, O. sibirica ; 7, O. sulpAHrea ; 8, C. 
leucdntha ; 9, O. virgata ; 10, O. rigiscens; 11, 
C: Zanndnii; 12, O. variegata. See Galactitcs, 
Lc&zea, Rlwuptmtica, Serrdtula, and Plcctoci- 
phalus. 

acanthodes . Purple. 7, H. Her. P. 1J . 1827 

Adami. . . Yel. . 7, H. A. 2 Siberia . 1804 

a:gypt£aca . White . 7, F. Her. P. 1 Egypt . 1790 
alata . . . Yel. . 8, H. Her. P. 1J Tartary . 1781 
alba . . . White . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Spain . . 1597 
alplna . . . Yel. . 7, H. Her. P. 3 Italy . 1640 
amlra . . . Purple. 7, H. Her. P. 1\ Italy . 
grandifldra. Purple. 7, H. Her. P. 2 Switzerl. ]S19 
pinnatffida. Purple 7, H. Her. P. 2 Switzerl. 1819 
americana 1 . Bed . 7, H. A. 1£ N. Amer. 1824 

apula . . . Yel. . 7, H. A. 1 N. Africa 1817 

arachrioldeal Yel. . 7, H. B. 3 Italy . .1820 

arenaria . Purple 8, H. Her. P. 1% S. Eur. . 1778 
argent** . . Pa. yel. 7, F. Ev. S. l| Candia . 1739 
arg&ta . . Yel. . 8, F. Ev. S. 1J Canaries. 1829 
Sspera . . . Purple 8, H. Her. P. 2 S. Eur. . 1772 
aatracanica . Purple 7, H. Her. P. 2 Astracan. ISIS 
atropurpurea Purple 7, H. Her. P. 3 Hungary 1802 
airrea . . . Yel. . 8, H. Her. P. 2 S. Eur. . 175S 
austriaca . . Purple 8, H. Her. P. ]£ Austria . 1815 
axillaris . . Purple 7, H. Her. P. 1 Austria . 1823 
babyl6nica . Yel. . 7, H. Her. P. 6 Levant . 1710 
Balsamita Yel. . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Syria . . 1S20 
Barrelieri . Purple 7, H. Her. P. 1J Hungary. 1S20 
beuedicta . Yel. . 8, H. A. 2 Spain . . 1548 

bractelta . . Purple 7, H. Her. P. 2 S. Eur. . 1S17 
Calcitrapa . Pink . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Eng., fields 

"ides^ j-Purpla «. H. Her. P. 1 Levant . 16S3 

calocephala . Yel. . 7, H. Her. P. 3 Levant . 1810 

ealophylla . Yel. . 7, H. Her. P. 4 S. Eur. . 1810 

cancellata . Yel. . 7, H. A. 1 N. Amer. 1824 

oapillata . . Purple 7, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1810 

centaurium . YeL . 7, H. Her. P. 4 Italy . . 1596 

centauroldes YeL . 6, H. Her. P. 3 S. Eur. . 1739 

^foUa 11 *! } Pa >y el - 7 > H - Her - P - x l Caucasus 1820 

cichoracea . Purple 7, H. Her. P. H Caucasus 1816 

cicutsefdlia . Yel. . 7, H. Her. P. 4 Podolia . 1820 

Cineraria . . Purple 7, F. Her. P. 3 Italy . . 1710 

cinerca . . Purple 6, H. Her. P. 1^ Italy . . 1710 

coarctata . . Yel, . 7, H. A. h N. Africa 1827 

colllna . . Yel. . 0, H. Her. P. 8" S. Eur. . 1596 



CEN 



121 



CEN 



concinna . . Tel. 
coriacea . . Purple 

"wft. 1™- • 

CrocodyUum Purple 

omenta . . Purple 

Crupma . . Flesh. . 

crupiuoldes . Copper 

■Cyanus . . Blue . 

deaibata . . Purple 

decipiens. . Purple 

declinata . . Purple 

decumbens . Purple 

depressa . . Blue . 

detista . . Dk.red 

diluta . . . Pa. pu. 

disstScta . Purple 

data . . . Yel. . 

elongata . . Purple 

eriophora. . Yel. 

eriophylla . Yel. 

fe*rox . . .Yel. . 

Fischerii . . Blu<J . 

flosculdsa . Purple 

glastifdlia . Yel, 

glauca . . . Pa. yel. 
gymnocarpa. Rose . 

'hybrida . . Purple 
hyssopifolia . Purple 

iberica. . Purple 

incana . . . Purple 

intybacea . Purple 

Ianardi . . Purple 

iacobsese- ) V _ T 

f61ia4 j i * eL ' 

leucautha . White . 

leucoph^lla . Purple 

limbata . . Purple 

lingulata . . Blue . 

linifdlia 5 . . Purple 

Lippii . . . Pa.pur. 

macroce"- ) Vol 

phala . f ieL ' 

maculata . . Purp. . 

maculosa . . Purp. . 

Marschall- ) -n,,,^ 

melitensis . Yel. 
m611is . . Blue . 
montana . . Blue . 
moschata. . Purp. . 
muricata . . Purp. . 
myacantha . Purp. . 
napifolia . . Purp. . 
neglecta 7 . YeL . 
nervdsa . . Purp. . 
nicseensis . Yel. 
nltens . . . Purp. . 
ochroleuca 3. Pa. yel. 
orientalis . . Yel. 
omata. . . . Yel. 
ovlua . . . Purp. . 
pallescens . Yel. . 
paniculata . Puip. . 
parviflbra Vio. 
pectinata . Purp. . 
peregrlna . Yel. 
phrygia . . Purp. . 
ambigua . Purp. . 
polyacantha . Purp. . 
polymdrpha9 Purp. . 
Pouzlni . Purp. . 
pratensis . . Purp. . 
procthnbens Purp. . 
pubescens . Yel. 
pulcherrima. Yel. 
pulchra . . Bl. vio. 
pullata . . Purp. . 
radiata . White . 

raguslna . . Yel. 
reflexa . . . Yel. 
repens . Yel. . 

n'gida 10 . . Purp. . 
rivularis . . Brown, 
romana 11 . Red . 
rupustris . . Yel. 



. 7 



■ 7. 



H. Her. P. 4 Caucasus 1618 
H. Her. P. \\ Hungary 1804 

H. Her. P. 8 Levant . 1739 



H. A. 
H. Her. A. 
H. P. 
H. A. 
H. A. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. A. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
P. Ev. S. 
H. B. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 



li Levant . 1777 

1 . 1816 

3 Italy . . 1596 

2 N. Africa 1818 

3 Brit., cor. fie. 
1J Caucasus 1804 
2 Francs . lSlli 
1J Caucasus 1821 
H Franco . 1S15 

1 Caucasus 1818 

4 Naples . 1818 

2 8.. Eur. . 17S1 
1% Naples . 1823 

4 Maurit. . 1820 

2 Barbary . 1823 
| Portugal 1714 

3 . 1827 
2 Barbary. . 1790 
1J Russia . 1820 
1 Italy . . 1S18 

4 Siberia . 1731 
J Caucasus 1808 

1 Switzerl. 1819 
1 Spain . . 1812 

2 Iberia . 1818 
1 T Naples . 1822 
l| S. Eur. . 1778 
1 Brit., Jersey 



H. Her. P. 3 



. ISIS 



H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 
H. A. 



2 S. France 1816 
2 Caucasus 1823 
2 Portugal. 1818 
1 Spain. . 1S24 
1$ Spain. . 1827 
1 Egypt . 1793 



H. Her. P. 3 Caucasus 1805 



H. Her. P. 
H. Her. P. 

H. Her. P. 



A. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 

A. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 

A. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her 
Her. 
Her. 
Her 



Her. 
Her 
Her 
Her 
Her 
Her 
Her. 
Her. 
Her 
Her. 
Her. P 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
A. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Ev. S. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 
Her. P. 



2 Siberia . 1816 
1 Siberia . 1S16 

1J Caucasus 1820 

1 Malta. . 1710 

1 Hungary 1818 
1J Austria . 1596 

2 Persia . 1629 
1 Spain . 1621 

1 France . 1S20 

3 Candia . 1691 
3 Podolia . 1820 

2 S. Eur. . 1815 
1£ Nice . . 1819 
1£ Caucasus 1828 
l| Caucasus 1801 
l| Siberia . 1759 
2 Spain . . 1818 

1 Caucasus 1802 

2 Egypt . 1816 
1$ Europe . 1640 
lj Barbary . 1823 

1 France . 1727 

2 S. Eur. . 1749 
l 1 Switzerl. 1633 
if Switzerl. 1819 

$ Portugal. 1804 
2 Spain . 1S19 
2 S. Franco 1S24 

2 France . 1817 
i S. Eur. . 1821 

1 . 1804 

3 Armenia. 1816 

2 India . . 1S39 
2 S. Eur. . 1759 
1£ Siberia . 1804 
2 Candia . 1710 
H Iberia . 1801 
1 Levant . 1739 

1 . 1S23 

2 Portugal. 1812 
8 Rome . 1739 
2 Italy . 1806 



ruthenica 

sabulosa . 

salicifolia 

salmantica 

sangulnea 

semper- 

vlrens . 
Seridis 
sessana 12 
sibirica . 
sicula . . 
aolstitialis 
sonchifdlia 
s&rdida 
spatulata 
sphseroce"- 

phala 
spinbsa . 
spinulbsa 
splendens 



Pa. yel. 8, H. Her. P. 3 Russia . 1S06 
White . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 182(1 
Purp. . 7, H. Her. P. 1J Caucasus 1S23 



7, H. B. 3 S. Eur. 

7, H. Her. P. 14 

[Redy. 7, G. Her. P. 1 Spain 



Purp. 
Purp. 



Purp. 
. Blue 
. Purp. 
.Yel. 
. Yel. 
. Purp. 
. Purp. 
. Blue 

I Purp. 



7, H. Her. P. 1 
7, H. Her. P. 1 
7, H. Her. P. 1 



Spain 

S. Eur. 

Siberia 



A. 1J Sicily . 



1596 
1827 
1C86 

16S6 
1816 
1780 
1710 



Purp. 



7, H. 

7, H. A. 2" Eng;, fields 

8, H. Her. P. 1 Mediter. . 17S0 
7, H. Her. P. 1 . ISIS 
7, H. Her. P. U Naples . 1825 

7, H. Her. P. 2 S. Eur. . 1683 

7, H. Her. P. 2 Candia . 1640 



Purp. . 7, H. Her. P. 1J Hungary 1S26 



. Puip. . 7', H. Her. P. 3 Spain . . 1597 

stereophylla. Purp. . 7, H." Her. P. 1J Podolia . 1820 

Yel. . 7, H. B. 2 Caucasus 1820 



Stevcnii 

Stdebe . . 

straminea 

stricta 

suavedlens 

sulphurea 

tatarica . 

tenuifldra 

transalplna 



Red y. 6, H. Hor. P. 1 Austria . 1759 



Yel. 
Blue 
Yel. 
Yel. 
. Yel. 
Purp. 



. 7, H. A. i Egypt . 1801 

. 7, H. Her. P. 1 Hungary 1816 
. 7, H. A. 1J Levant . 1683 

. 7, H. A. | . 1815 

. 7, H. Her. P. 2 Tartary . 1801 



7, H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1820 

Purp. . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Switzerl. 1819 

trichoeephalaPurp. . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1805 

trinervia . . Purp. . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Podolia . 1816 

uliginosa . . Yel. . 7, H. Her. P. 3 Portugal. 1816 

unifldra . Purp. . 7, H. Her. P. 1 S. Eur. . 1819 

verutum . Yel. . 7, H. A. 2 Levant . 1780 

voohinensis . Purp. . 7, H. Her. P. 3i Austria . 1817 

xantblna . Yel. . 7, H. Her. P. 2 

Jacea, nigra 13, nigrescms, Scabidsa, tagctna, 
Triumfitti. 

CentaurElla, Miclix. See Bartdnia. 

CENTAiraiUM. See Erythr&a, Centaurium and 
Centauria. 

Centaury. See Centauntx. 

CentElla. See Hydroc6tyU villdsa and H. 
CenUlla. 

CentothBCA, Desfontaines. From kenlco, to 
prick, and, theca, a sheath ; in reference to the 
prickly sheath. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Gramind,cece. A curious grass, of the simplest 
culture. Synonyme : 1, Cinchrus lappaceus. 
lappacca 1 . . Apetal . 7, Grass 1 E. Ind. . 1773 

Centradenia, G. Don. From Jcentron, a spur, 
and aden, a gland, having spur-like glan- 
dular appendages to anthers. Linn. 8, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Melasiom&cece. Pretty plants, 
thriving in sandy peat, and easily propagated 
by cuttings. Synonyme: 1, Donckeldsria diversi- 
fblia. 

rdsca 1 . . Ro. w. 4, G. Ev. S. 1 Mexico . 1843 
divaricata . White 6, S. Her. P. H C. Amer. 1850 
floribunda . Pa. red 7, S. Her. P. 1$ C. Amer. 1857 
grandifdlia. Pink . 7, S. Ev. S. 1 Mexico . I860 
ovata . . Pink 5, S. Her. P. 1 S. Amer. 1850 

Central-placenta, a column in the centre of 

fruits to which the seeds are attached. 
Centranthera, Scheidw. From kmitron, a 

spur, and anlhe.ra, an anther. Linn. 20, Or. 

1, Nat. Or. Orchidclccce. 

punctata . . Gm. spot. . 5, S. Epi. % Brazil 1840 

Centranthus, Be Candolle. From Jcenlron, a 
spur, and anthos, a flower ; tho corolla being 
furnished with a spur at the base. Linn. 10, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Valerianacem. The plants are 
ornamental, growing in any common garden 
soil, from one foot to one and a half high, 



CEN 



122 



CEP 



in the open borders ; and are increased by 



angustifdlius Crim. . 6, H. Her. P. 1J S. Eur. . 1759 
calcitrapa . Purple. 6, H. A. 1 Portugal. 1683 

maeroslphon Red . 6, H. A. 14 Grenada . 1849 

ruber . . . Crim. . 6, H. Her. P. lj Brit., mea. 
fl&re-albo . Wirite . 6, H. Her. P. l£ Brit., gardens 

Centrocarpha, D. Don. From kentron, a 
sharp point, and Jcarphe, chaff; the palea? 
being bristly. Linn. 19, Or. 3, Nat. Or. Aste- 
racece. An interesting geifus of herbaceous 
plants, that thrive well in common soil, and 
are increased by dividing the roots, and by 
seeds. Synonymes : 1, R. trilobata ; 2, C. 
aculifdlia, Rudbickia Newmani; 3, R. nudi- 
caulis; 4, R. Mrta; 5, R. moschata; 6, R. 
trilbba. 

aristata 1 . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 3 N". Airier. 1699 
chrysomela 2 Yellow 8, H. Her. P. 2 S. Amer. 1821 

chrysantha Yellow 8, H. Her. P. 2 Gardens 
fulgida . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. 1760 
gracilis . . Yellow 9, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1825 
grandiflora 3 Yellow 9, H. Her. P. 3J N. Amer. 1830 
Mrta 4 . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amor. 1714 
moschata 5 . Yellow 8, H. Her. P. 4 N. Amer. 
radula . . . Yellow H. B. 2 N. Amer. 

spathulata . Yellow 9, F. Her.P. 2 N. Amer. 1825 

B "«isa men " } Yellow 8 ' H - Hev - p - s N - AmQ1 '- 1802 
tril6ba6 .' . Yellow 8, H. B. 4 N. Amer. 1699 

Centroclinium, .D.Don. Derived from kentron, 
a sharp point, and Mine, a bed. Linn. 19, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asteracece. A genus of orna- 
mental stove plants, succeeding best when 
grown in a light vegetable soil ; increase is by 
seeds. Synonymc: 1, Onbseris salicifblius. 
appressum . Eosy . 1, S. Ev. S. 2 Peru . . 1830 
rerlSxum 1 . Eosy . 8, S. A. 2 Peru . . 1S30 

Centrolepis. See Desvauxia. 

Centr6nia. See Osblckia peruviana. 

Cehtrop6gon, Benlham. From kentron, a spur, 
and pogon, a beard ; Flowers. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Lobeliacecc. Greenhouse and stove 
plants, with habits and appearances very much 
like Lobelia. They simply require a mixture 
. of sandy heath mould and loam, to have 
abundance of water during the season of 
growth, but when at rest to be kept rather 
dry than otherwise. They are increased by 
division of the roots. Synonymes : 1, Lobelia 
cornuta, L. spectdbilis, spluerocarpa, surina- 
mensis, Siphocdmpylus macr&nthus, S. spec- 
tdbilis, S. Surinamdnsis. 

cordifdlius . Eose . 11, S. Her. P. 2 Guatem. . 1839 
fastudsus . . Eose . 11, G. Her. P. 2 
Surmaniensial Eose . 11, S. Her. P. 2 Surinam 1786 
tovariehsis . W. cri. 11, 8. Her. P. 2 Venezuela 

CenteoseiIna. See Centrosolenia. 

Centrosema. See Kenm 

Oentr6sia. See Caldnthe. 

Centrosolenia, Benth. From kentron, a spur, 
and solen, a tube. Corolla spurred. Linn. 1 4, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Gcsnerace.az. The species grow 
in peat and leaf mould, and are increased 
like other gesneraceous plants. Synonyme : 
1, Nauticalyx hastatus. 

bractescens 1 White . 6, S. Her. P. 1 Venezuela 1850 
gMbra . . . White . 6, S. Her. P. 1 La Guay. 1S45 
pfcta . . White . 6, S. Tr. P. 1 Anazonia 1845 

Centrosp^RMUM, Sprengel. From kentron, a 
spur, and sperma, a seed ; alluding to the 



spiny points of the pappus. Linn. 19, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Asteracece. A pretty annual, that 
requires sowing in the open border, in com- 
mon garden soil, 
chrysanthum Yellow . 7, H. A. f Spain . . 1S2S 

Centrostemma, Dec. See OyrtSceras. 

Cent<Snculus, Linn. The name applied by 
the Romans to a small plant, found in culti- 
vated land. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Primu- 
Ihcem. A curious annual, of easy culture in 
sandy loam, 
minimus . . Flesh . 6, H. A. \ Brit., moist hea. 

Cepa. See Allium. 

CepjSA. See Sedmn Cepcba. 

CEPHAEL1S, Swartz. From JcepJiale, a head ; the 
flowers disposed in heads. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Cinclwnacecs. An ornamental genus 
of plants, from one to fifteen feet high ; they 
thrive well in a mixture of peat and sandy 
loam, and cuttings strike root freely under a 
glass. Synonymes: 1, C. calycina ; 2, Tapa- 
gdmia purpurea ; 3, T. molacea ; i, Calli- 
edeca Ipecacudnha. 

alba . . .Pa. pk. 4, S. Ev. S. Guiana . 1824 

axillaris 1 . White . 4, S. Ev. S. 4 Brazil . 1816 

elata . . . Purple. S. Ev. S. 15 Jamaica . 1793 

glabra . . Blue . 4, S. Ev. S. Trinidad. 1820 
ipecacuanba4 White . 1, S. Her. P. £ Brazil . 1839 

involucrata . White . 7, S. Ev. S. 5 Guiana . 1826 

musedsa . . White . 5, S. Ev. S. W. Ind. . 1824 

pedunculata. White . 2, S. Ev. S. 2 S. Leone, 

punicea . . White . 7, S. Ev. 8. 3 Jamaica . 1S20 

purpurea 2 . W.pur. 5, S. Ev. Tr. 1 Trinidad. 1821 

Bwartzii . . Blue . 4, S. Ev. H. W. Ind. . 1824 

tomentosa . Brown 8, S. Ev. S. 4 Trinidad. 182& 

violacea3 . White. 6, B. Ev. Tr. 1 W. Ind. . 1818 

Cephalanthera, Richard. From kephale, a 
head, and anthera, an anther. " Linn. 20, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Orchidaceai. A genus of very pretty 
plants, succeeding well in peat and loam, and 
increased by dividing the' roots. Synonymes : 
1, Epipdctis ensifblia; 2, IS. pdllcns ; 3, E, 
rubra. 

eusif61ia 1 . White . . 6, H., Ter. 1} Brit., moi. wo. 
pallens 2 . . White . . 6, H. Ter. 1 Brit, moi. wo. 
rubra 3 . Purple . . 6, H.Ter. 1J Brit, moi. wo. 

Cephalanthus, Linn. From kephale, a head, 
and antlws, a flower ; referring to the flowers 
being disposed in globular - heads, Linn. 4, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Cinchonacece. An ornamental 
shrub, growing seven feet high ; the soil best 
for it is a mixture of sandy peat and loam ; 
propagation is easy, the ripened cuttings root 
readily under a glass, or by layers. See also 
Nauclea Caddmba and N. stellata. 
occidentalis . White . 8, H. De. S. 7 N. Amer. 1735 
brachyp&dus White . 8, H. De. S. 7 N. Amer. 

Cephalaria, De Candolle. From kephalos, a 
head : flowers collected in heads. Linn. 4, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Dipsacdcece. See Succisa and 



Cephaleis. See CephaUw. 

Cephauc, medicinal to the head. 

Cephalina. See Sarcoaiphalus. 

Cephal<5phora, Cavanilles. From kephale, a 
head, and phoreo, to bear ; the flowers are 
united in little heads. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Aslerdcece. An annual of little beauty, 



CEP 



123 



OEE 



and easy culture. Synonymcs: 1, Ilymeno- 
pappus glaucus, Griemia aromdtica — glauca 1. 

CEPHALOSTfGMA. See Campdnula. 

CephalotAxt/s, Sieb. <& Zucc. Derived from 
kephale, a head, and taxus, a yew ;• the plants 
have the habit of tho yew. Linn. 22, Or. 13, 
Nat. Or. Taxdtccas. Handsome coniferous 
shrubs and trees, in some instances growing 
to the height of sixty feet. They are of easy 
culture, merely requiring to be planted in 
common soil, and may bo increased by cut- 
tings and seeds. Synonymes: 1, C. inacro- 
phjjlla, Tdxus Harringlbnia. 
drupacca . . Apetal . 4, H. Ev. S. 10 Japan . 
Fortunei . . Apetal . 5, H. Ev. T. 60 Japan . 1848 
pedunculata 1 Apetal . 5, H. Ev. T. 50 Japan . 1837 
umbraculifera Apetal . 4, H. Ev. S. 10 Japan . 

Oephalotrichdm, Linlc. From TceplmU, a head, 
and thrix, a hair ; the heads being covered 
with hairs. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Botry- 
taceoz. A minute fungus discernible in general 
on decayed or decaying branches — nanwm. 

Cephalotus, R. Brown. From IcepAalotes, 
headed ; its filaments of stamens are capitate. 
Linn. 11, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Cepluilolaccce. A 
most curious little plant of rather difficult 
management ; it should be potted in chopped 
moss and boggy soil, mixed, the pots well 
drained, and the plants carefully watered. A 
glass should be placed over it at all times, and 
it should bo allowed plenty of light and a tem- 
perature of sixty-five or seventy degrees ; offsets 
treated in the same manner will speedily take 
root, 
follicularis . White 4, G. Her. P. \ N. Holl. 1322 

CerAceous, wax-like. 

CERADIA, Lindley. From Teems, a horn, in 
allusion to the horned appearance of the 
branches. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat Or. Astcr- 
ucecs. In the garden of his grace the Dnke 
of Devonshire, at Chatsworth, this very singu- 
lar plant was introduced in 1844. "It has 
the appearance of a shrub of coral, spreading 
its short leather-coated branches upwards like 
a candelabra. " In culture it should be favoured 
with a cool stove, and be grown in sandy soil. 
Portions of the rugged branches strike root 
freely, 
furc&ta . . Pa. yel. . 1. S. Ev. S. 1J Africa . 1S44 

Ceramia. See Erica. 

CerAmium, Rochel. Derived from keramion, a 
pitcher ; from the resemblance of the capsules. 
Linn. 24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Ceramiacece. An 
extensive genus of seaweeds— affine, arb&scula, 
Borrdri, corymbbsum, cruciatum, DavUsii, did- 
phanum, d. pilbsum, fasciculatum, fioridnlum, 
graclllimum, granulatum, Eodlchri, interr&p- 
tum, landsum, lanuginbsum, mesocarpum, pa- 
tens, pedicelldtum, pinnnlatum, plUma, plu- 
mula, p. minor, polyspirmum, pumilum, rdpens, 
rdseum, Rbthii, ritbrum, seminudum, spinbsum, 
spongiosum, tetragbnum, titricum, thujoldes, 
tripinrnMurm, Turniri, versicolor, virgulatum. 

CERAMlAcEiE, or Eosetangles, an order of 
sea-weeds of a rose or purple colour; many 
are valuable for food ; and the Chinese bird's- 
nests are supposed to be a species of Gelidium. 



The Carrageen Moss, and some others, are 
well known for their use in our own country. 
Ceranthera, Beawoois. From hems, a horn, 
and anthera, an anther ; the lobes of the 
anthers being terminated by a bristle. Linn. 
5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Violacecc. An ornamental 
genus of stove plants, growing about six feet 
high ; they must be grown in sandy loam, and 
will increase by cuttings in sand, under a glass 
in heat, 
subintegrif&lia White . . 6, S. Ev. S. Guinea 1S24 

CerAnthus. See Linociera. 

Cerasinous, deep red, cherry-coloured. 

Cerasophora, See Oerasus. 

CerAstium, Linn. From keras, a horn ; be- 
cause many of the species have capsules like 
an ox's horn. Linn. 10, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Alsi- 
nacem. A genus of little interest ; they vary 
in height from half a foot to two feet high. 
Some of the herbaceous kinds have a pretty 
appearance on rock-work. Any light loamy 
soil suits them ; seeds or suckers. Synonyms .- 
1, ft collinum. See Larbrea. 
alplnum . . White . 6, H. Ev. Tr. J Brit.Welshhls. 
Bieberstelnii White . 6, H. Tr. P. \ Caucasus 1S20 
chlorsBfblium White . 6, H. A. 2 Natolia . 1838 

glacialo . . White . 6, H. Ev. Tr. J Switzerl. 1814 
glomeratum. White . 6, H. A. \ . 1837 

grandiflarum White . 6, H. Her. Tr. \ Siberia . 1818 
lanatum . White . 6, H. Her. Tr. j Alps . .1319 
latifMium . White . 6, H. Her. Tr. Brit Welsh hi* 
Ledebourii . White . 6, H. A. i Siberia 

macrocar- Iw^e.oH. A . 

pum . I ' 

microapsr- ) white 6 H A 

mum . J ' 

multifl&rmn. White . 6, H. A. Caucasm 1837 

purpuras- lwbite.7, H. Ev. Tr. i 1831 

cens 1 . ) 
pusillum . . White . 6, H. A. § Siberia . 1824 

repens . White ■ 5, H. Her. P. Em-ope . 1750 

scarani . . White . 7, H. Ev. Tr. i Naples . 
sylvaticum . White . 6, H. Her. Tr. \ Hungary 1820 

anbmalum, arvinse, barbulbsum, brachypita- 
lum, campanulatum, cauedsicum, dahdricum, 
dicMlomum, diffusum, d-Mcum, glandulbsum, 
grdcile, hirsutum, holostbides, inflaium, mdn- 
licum, matrtnsa, mdximum, ne.morb.lc, ovale, 
ovalum, pauciflbrum, pennsylvdnicum, pen- 
tdndrum, perfolialum, pilbsum, pubiscens, 
rudcratum, rupdslre, scmidecdndrum, serpylli- 
fblium, Sprengelii, slcllarioides, strictum, s. 
suffrutiebsnm, ta&ricum, Tenorianum, letrdn- 
drvm, tomentbsum, visebsum, milgatum. 
GfiRASUS, Jiissieu. Eeported to have been first 
brought from Cerasus, a town of Pontus, in 
Asia. Linn. 12, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Drupaccce. 
A valuable genus of fruit trees, growing well in 
any common soil, and increased with perfect 
ease by seeds, budding, or grafting. Synony- 
mes: 1, C. macrophflla ; 2, Prunus jap&nim, 
P. sinensis j 3, Primus rubra; 4, P. pubiscens; 
5, C. salidna; 6, Prunm salicina; 7, P. ser- 
rulata; 8, Prunus P&ddum. 
affmis . . . White . 5, H. De. S. 4 Europe . 1837 
avium . . . White . 4, H. De. T. 50 Eng., woods 

macrocarpa. Whito . 4, H. De. T. 50 Switzerl. 

multiplex . White . 4, H. De. T. 20 Gardens . 

pallida . . White . 4, H. De. T. 25 Gardens . 

sylvestris . White . 4, H. De. T. 50 Brit, woods 
borealis . . Whito . 5, H. De. T. 20 N. Amer. 1822 
canadensis . White . 5, H. De. T. 20 Canada 1820 



CEE 



124 



CER 



caproniana . White . 4, H. De. T. 20 S. Em-. . 

oordigera . White . 4, H. De. T. J.0 

gobMtta White . 4, H. De. T. 20 

gri6tta . . White . 4, H. De. T. 20 

M r e^U™^.H.D,T.20 

multiplex . White . 4, H. De. T. 10 

pallescens . White . 4, H. De. T. 20 

persicifblla . White . 4, H. De. T. 20 

polygyria . White . 4, H. De. T. 20 

variegata . White . 4, H. De. T. 10 

caroliniana . White . 5, H. Ev. T. 30 Carolina . 1759 

° rasuT^" 1 WMte ■ 5 - H - De - S - 8 Austria • J 59 ' 

chicasa. . White . 4, H. De. S. 6 N. Amer. 1808 

cornuta . . White . 4, H. De. S. 10 Himalaya 1846 

depressa . White . 5, H. De. S. 4 S. Eur. . 1S0S 

duracina . . White . 4, H. De. T. 20 S. Eur. . 

cordfgera . White . 4, H. De. T. 



m arTl iU " * WMto • 4 ' H - De - T - 



20 



obtusata . White . 4, H. De. T. 20 

Hixa . . . White . 6, H. De. T. 20 Teneriffe 1824 

hyemalis . . White . 5, H. De. S. 4 N. Amer. 1805 

ilicifblia . White . 4, H. Ev. S. 6 California 1845 

jap6llica 2 . Pink . 4, H. De. S. S Japan . 1810 

albo-plena . White . 4, H. De. S. 3 N. China 1840 

multiplex . Pink . 4, H. De. 8. 6 Japan . 1810 

Juliana . . White . 4, H. De. T. 20 S. Eur. . 

Heaumeana. WMte . 4, H. De. T. 15 

pendula . . White . 4, H. De. T. 10 S. Eur. . 1S21 
Laurocerasus. White . 4, H. Ev. S. 12 Levant . 1029 

angustifblius White . 5, H. Ev. S. 10 

variegatus . White . 5, H. Ev. 8. 10 

lusitanica . . White . 5, H. Ev. 8. 20 Portugal. 1048 

Mahaleb . . White . 4, H. Ev. T. 20 Austria . 1714 

fructu'flavo White . 5, H. De. T. 20 8. Eur. . 

latifblia . . White . 6, H. De. T. 20 8. Eur. 

Marascha . . White . 4, H. De. S. 6 Europe . 1837 

nigra . . . White . 5, H. De. T. 20 N. Amer. 1773 

nepalensis . White . 5, P. De. T. 20 Nepal . 1820 

occidentitlis . White S. Ev. T. 20 Jamaica . 1 629 

Padus . . . White . 4, H. De. T. 35 Brit., woods 

bracteosa . White . 4, H. De. T. 35 Europe 

parviflora . White . 4, H. De. T. 35 N. Eur. . 

rubra 3 . . White. 4, H. De. T. 35 Brit., woods 

vulgaris . White . 4, H. De. T. 30 Britain 

Pe mcf lT4 " } Whit" • 5, H. De. T. 30 K. Amer. 1773 
persioiftlia . White . 6, H. De. S. 8 N. Amer. 
prostrata . . Pink . 4, H. Do. S. 1 Crete . .1802 

^"o&Shmb} ^^ " *■ H - De - S - ° CWna • 1S21 

pubescens 4 . Whito . 4, H. De. S. 12 N. Amer. 1S06 

pumila . . White . 6, H. De. S. 2 N. Amer. 1756 

pygmEea 5 . . White . 5, H. De. S. 4 1ST. Amer. 18-23 

salicmus 6 . Blush . 4, H. De. T. 15 China . 1822 

semperfiorens White . 4, F. De. T. 20 China . 1822 

sessiliflura . White . 4, H. De. T. 30 

ser6tina . Whito . 6, H. Do. T. 30 N. Amer.. 1629 

retiisa . . White . 6, H. De. T. 30 8. Amer. . 

serrullta 7 . White . 4, P. Do. S. China . 1822 

sphasroearpa . White . 6, S. Ev. 8. 10 Jamaica . 1820 

Susquehanna White . 5, H. De. T. 20 N. Amer. 1800 

virginiana White . 5, H. De. X. SO Virginia . 1724 

CeratAndra, Link & Otto. From keras, a 
horn, and aner andros, a man ; form of united 
stamens. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchi- 
daeecc. Sec Corj)eium. 

CeratIola, Miehaux. From keration, a little 
horn ; in allusion to the stigma having the 
appearance of a horn. Linn. 21, Or. 2, Wat. 
Or. Empetracece. This is a very pretty green- 
house under-shrub, that should be grown in a 
sandy peat, and may be increased by cuttings 
potted in sand, under a glass, 
criooldes . Brown . . 6, P. Ev. S. 1J N. Amer. 1826 

CerAtium, Albertini. From Iteration, a little 
horn ; because the plants resemble small horns. 
Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Botrytacece, These 
-are minute plants, generally found growing on 



dead wood in the form of little horns — 
liydnotdes. 

Cerat6bium. See Dsndrobiicm. 

CeratocArfus, Linn. From keras, a Lorn, 
and karpos, fruit ; in reference to the calyx 
being two-horned. Linn. 21, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Chenopodiacece. An uninteresting annual, only 
requiring to be sown in the open border — 
arenarius. 

Ceratocephalus, Mcench. From keras, a horn, 
and IcephaU, a head ; on account of the end of 
the seeds in the heads of the. capsules being 
horned. Linn. 5, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Ranuncu- 
l&cece. A somewhat curious genus of plants, 
only requiring to be sown in the open border, 
and treated as other hardy annuals. Syno- 
nyms: 1, Rantinculus falcatus. 
(Meatus . . Yellow . . 5, H. A. i S. Eur. . 1739 
orth6ceras 1 Yellow . . 5, H. A. i Caucasus. 1816 

CeratochIlus, Lodd. From Tceras, a horn, and 
cheilos, a lip ; form of the labellum. A genus 
of orchids, divided from Stanhdpea, and re- 
quiring similar treatment. Synonyme: 1, 
Stanhbpea inslgnis. See StanJidpea. 
grandiflbrus . Purple . . 7, 8. Epi. 1 Trinidad 1821 
insignisl . . Purple . . 7, 8. Epi. 1 Trinidad 1826 
oculatus . . Yel. spot. . 6, 8. Epi. 1 Xalapa . 1829 

Cerat6chloa, Dccandolle. From Tceras, a horn, 
and cliloa, grass ; in reference to the seeds 
having three little horns. Linn. 3, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Gramin&cece. An uninteresting 
grass, requiring only to be sown in common 
soil. Synonyme: 1, Festuca uniololdes — unio- 
loldes 1. 

CeratodActyltjs, Smith. From keras, a horn, 
and dactylos, a finger ; division of fronds. 
Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Polypodiacece. A 
genus of tropical Ferns, requiring the same 
treatment as the stove species of Ai>pidivm. 
Synonyme: 1, A/losdrus KarvAnlcsii. 
osmundioldes 1 Bra yel. 6, S. Her. P. 1 Mexico . 

Cerat6nia, Linn. From keration, a horn or 
pod ; in allusion to tho shape of the pods. 
Linn. 23, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Pabaceoz. Scarcely 
worth cultivating, except for botanical collec- 
tions ; it grows to tlie height of fifteen feet, in 
a mixture of loam and peat ; cuttings in sand 
will strike under a glass, 
siliqua . . Bed yel. . 9, G. Ev. T. 15 Levant . 1570 

Ceratopetalum, Smith. Derived from keras, 
a horn, and petalon, a petal ; in reference to 
the form of the petals. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. 
.Or. Cummiaeece. A fine greenhouse plant, 
growing best in a sandy loam, and increased 
by cuttings in sand under a glass, 
gummiferum Pink . . 6, G. Ev. T. 50 N. Holl. 1S20 

CeratophyllIce^e, or Hornworts. Small 
herbs found in the ditches of temperate 
climates. 

Cgratophyllum, Linn. From keras, a horn, 
and phyllon, a leaf; the petals are cut so as 
to appear like a stag's horn. Lmn. 21, Or. 9, 
Nat. Or. Ceratophyttaceai. Uninteresting water 
plants, thriving in any pond, and easily raised 
by seeds — demlrsum, submtrsum. 

Ceratofhyllus, leaves like the upper part of a 
stag's horn. 



CER 



125 



CER 



Cerat<5pteris, Brongn. From Jccras, a horn, 
and pleris, a fern ; horn-like form of divisions 
of fronds. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Polypo- 
diaawe. See Ellobocarpus olc.rd.ecus. 

Ceratosanthes, Jussieu. From kcras, a horn, 
and anthos, a flower ; referring to the inner 
segments. Linn. 21, Or. 10, Nat. Or. Cu- 
curbitacem. A climbing plant, of no beauty, 
growing in any common soil ; increased by di- 
viding the roots. Synonymcs: 1, Tricliosdn- 
thes tuberdsa, corniculata— tuberosa 1. 

Ceratospermum, Persoon. From kcras, a horn, 
and spermum, a seed ; form of seeds. Linn. 
21, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Chenopodiaceo?. See 
Dibtis. 

CERATOSTEMA, fuss. From kcras, a horn, and 
sterna, a stamen. The anthers are spurred. 
Linn. 10, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Vaccinidceai. This 
is a genus of very pretty shrubs, requiring to 
be grown in sandy loam and peat, and may be 
readily increased by cuttings planted in sand, 
under a glass. Synonymc: 1, 0. grandifldra. 
grandin5ra . Rod orange 5, G. Ev. S. 4 Peru . 1S46 
longifloral . Crimson . 5, G. Bv. S. 3 Porn . 1840 
hirsuta. . . Scarlet . . 5, G. Bv. S. 4 Pom . 1S46 

CERATOSTfGMA, Bunge. See Valoradia plum- 



Cerbera, Linn. Named from its poisonous 
qualities, in allusion to the dog Cerberus, 
whose bite was poisonous. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Apocyn&cew. An ornamental genus 
of stove plants, succeeding well in a rich 
mould, and cuttings in sand root freely under 
a glass, in heat. The fruit of 0. Ahouai is a 
deadly poison. The Indians put small stones 
into the empty nuts, with which they orna- 
ment their legs ; and the' bark of O. Oddllam 
is purgative. See TangMnia, Dissolena, Och- 
rbsia. Synonymes: 1, 0. Mdnghas ; 2, 0. 
Mdnghas; 3, TangMnia venenifiua, Ordeal 
tree of Madagascar. 

Ahohai. . . YeUow . 6, S. Ev. T. 20 Brazil. . 1739 
frutic6sa . Bed . . 5, S. Bv. S. 4 Pegu . . 1819 
maculata . . White . 6, S. Ev. T. 4 Bourbon. 1782 
ovata . . . Yellow . 6, S. Bv. S. 3 N. Spain. 
Thevetia . . Yellow . 6, S. Ev. T. 12 S. Amer. 1735 
thevefioldcs . Yellow . 6, S. Bv. S. S N. Spain. 1800 
Tanghin 3 . Pink . . 6, S. Ev. S. 4 Zanzibar. 1826 
Oddllam 1 . White . 6, S. Ev. B. 20 E. Ind. . 1750 
lactaria 2 . . White . 0, S. Ev. T. 20 Moluccas. 1S00 
laurifdlia . . White . 6, S. Ev. S. 3 India . . ISIS 
Cercis, Linn. From kerUs, a shuttlecock ; a 
name given to this tree by Thcophrastus-. 
Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Fabdceoz. This is 
a beautiful genus of ornamental trees, flower- 
ing early in spring, and looking very pretty 
planted singly on a lawn, or trained to a wall 
or trellis ; they grow to the height of twenty 
feet, and prefer an open loamy soil : plenti- 
fully increased from seeds, 
canadensis . Pa. red 5, H. De. T. IS N. Ainer. . 1730 

pub&cens . Pa. red 6, H. De. T. 20 N. Amer. . 
iai)6nica . . Red . 5, H. De. S. 10 Japan . 
siLiquastrum Bed . 5, H. De. T. 20 S. Eur. . . 1596 

fldre-albo . White. 5, H. De. T. 20 S. Bur. . . 

parviflbrum Purplo 5, H. De. T. 20 Bucharia . 1S27 

rdseum . . Pa. rod 5, H. De. T. 20 Hybrid, garde. 

Cercocarpos, De Candolle. From kcrkos, a 
shuttlecock, and karpos, a fruit; shape of 
fruit. Linn. 12, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Rosacea. A 



genus deserving of cultivation. They grow 
freely in a mixture of loam, peat, and sand, 
and may be propagated by cuttings planted in 
sand, under a glass, in a gentle heat. 
Fothergilloldos Purple 5, G. Ev. S. Mexico . 1S2S 

Cerc6dea, Lam. See Haloragis. 

Cerc6dia, De Candolle. From kcrkos, a tail, 
and cidos, like ; shape of petals. Linn. 8, Or. 
4, Nat. Or. Haloragaceai. See Haloragis. 

Cerdana. See Cordia. 

Ceref6lidm. See AnthHscus ccrefblinm. 

Ceresia, Persoon. From the goddess Ceres, the 
inventor of tillage. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Graminacece. This is a very pretty grass, that 
requires to be grown in a greenhouse, and suc- 
ceeds in any common soil ; increased by seeds. 
Synonyme: 1, Pdspalum membranaccum. 
fflegansl. Apetal. 7, G. Her. P. 2 Peru . .1816 

Cereus, De Candolle. From ccrcus, signifying 
pliant, like wax ; referring to the shoots of 
some of the species being easily bent. Linn. 

12, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Cactacece. A most beau- 
tiful genus, belonging to Cactaccm ; some of 
the species produce the most splendid flowers 
that are grown in our stoves ; they succeed 
well in a sandy loam, the pots being well 
drained ; in winter they require little or no 
water, but as soon as the flower-buds appear, 
they should have a good supply ; increased by 
cuttings, which should be laid to dry a few 
days before being planted. See Echinocdctus, 
Opuntia, Echinbpsis, Epiphfllum, Lcpismium, 
Rkipsalis. Synonymcs: 1, Cdctus abnbrmis; 
2, C. j&thiops ; 3, Cdctus eb&rncus ; 4, Cdctus 
squamatus ; 5, Cdctus gibbbsus; 6, Cdctus 
H$strix; 7, Cdctus multiplex, Echinocdctus 
multiplex; 8, Cdctus Napolednis, Ccrcus tri- 
angularis major; 9, Cdctus rcduclus ; 10, 
Cactus ovatus; 11, Cdctus Pitajaya, C. undu- 
Usus, C. variabilis; 12, Cdctus polymdrphus ; 

13, Cdctus specioslssimus ; 14, Epiphijllunb 
splAndidum, E. Hitcheni. 

abn6rmisl . White. 6, S. Ev. S. 10 S. Amer. . ISIS 
afllnis . . White . 6, S. Ev. S. 2 
albisetosus . White . 6, S. CI. S. 2 St. Domin. 1S16 
albispinus . White . 6, S. Ev. S 2 St. Domin. 1816 
amblyg6nus S. Bv. S. B. Ayres . 1S36 

arcuatus . . White . 6, S. Ev. S. 2 . 1835 

aureus . Yel . . 6, S. Ev. S. 2 S. Amer. . 1S25 
baxilrius . . . 6, S. Ev. S. Mexico . 1838 

blfrons . . 6, S. Ev. 8. 3 - . ISIS 

Bonariensis. . S. Bv. S. B. Ayros . 1S36 

c&sius . . Grey . 6, S. Ev. S. . 1836 

candieans . White . 0, S. Ev. S. 
Chiloensi3 S. Ev. S. Chile . 1S25 

Chiloenso-) S. Ev. S. Chile . . 

Idos . . j 
ooccineus . Scar. . 9, S. CI. S. 1 Brazil . 
ccerulescens2 Blue . 8, S. Ev. S. 3 Brazil . . ISiO 
Colvilli . . Rose . 7. S. Ev. S. 2 Hybrid . 
costatus . S. Bv. S. Peru. . .1690 

crenulatus . Rose . G, S. Ev. S. 3 W. Ind. . 1822 
crispatus. . Bose . 6, S. Bv. S. 2 Brazil .1829 
cinerascens . Yel. . 6, S. Ev. S. 2 Mexico . . 1830 
Deppoi . . . S. Ev. S. $Pcm, . .1799 

divaricatus . Yel. . 6, S. Ev. S. 2 Mexico . .1826 
eburneus 3 . . S. Bv. S. 3 S. Amx . ISIS 

Egertbni . . Bed . 7, S. Ev. S. 
eriophorus . Red . 7, S. Ev. S. 2 . 1SS.3 

eU Sdes rbi °" } White • 6 ' S ' Et - S - 3 S ' Amer ' 

extensus 4 . Rod . 8, S. CI. S. 6 Trinidad 

ferox . . . White . 8, S. Ev. S. 1 Brazil . . 1S27 

fimbriates . White . 7, S. Ev. S. IS St. Domin. 1S3-S 



CEE 



12G 



CER 



flagellifbrmis Pink 
tlagrifbrcnis 
flavisplnus 
formbsus 



Yellow 8. 
White . 8i 



fulvispi- 1 



S. CI. S. 1 Peru 
S. Ev. S. 

S. Ev. S. 3 W. Ind. 
S. Ev. S. S. Amor. 



White . 7, 



, Grey 



nosus 

gemmatus 

gibbdsus 5 

glaucescens 

glaUCUS 

gracllior . 
gracilis . . 
grandiflbrus Wht. y. 
Maynardi . Red . 
grandis . 
griseus . 
Haw6rthii 
heptagonus . 
heteracan- ^ 
thus. . ) 
hexagbnus . 
horizontalis . 
htimilis . 
Hystrix 6 
imbricatus 
incrust&tus . 
Jamacaru White . 
lsetevlrens 
Lanceanus . Scarlet 
lanuginbsus White . 8, 



Yellow 7, S. Ev. S. 3 S. Amer. 



• 7, 

■ 7, 

White. 7, 



. White . 6, 



latifrons . . 
Lecanus . . 
Lemalrii . . 
leptacan- ) 

thus . } 
leptbphis . 
leucanthus . 
longifdlius 
Macdonaldi . 
Mallisbni 
monocl6nos . 
macracan- 1 

thus . j 
magnus . . 
Martianus . 
monstrbsus . 
multangu- \ 



White . 9, 
Bed . 6, 
Yel. r. 6, 



S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. CI. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S.'Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 

S. Ev. S. 

, S. Ev. S. 

G. Ev. S. 

S. Ev. S. 

S. Ev. S. 

S. Ev. S. 

S. Ev. S. 

S. Ev. S. 

S. Ev. S. 

S. Ev. S. 

S. Ev. S. 

G. Ev. S. 

S. Ev. S. 
, S. Ev. S. 

S. Ev. 8. 



B. Ayres 
Brazil 

S. Amer. 
Jamaica 
Hybrid 
Brazil . 
S. Amer. 
Caribbees 
W. Ind. 



B. Ayres . 1836 



1690 
1S34 



. 1796 

, 1835 

, 1808 

. 1836 

1S35 

1835 

1700 
1837 

'. 1S09 

. 1811 

1728 



:5 Surinam 

Chili . . 

% S. Amer. 

\ S. Amer. 



1 W. Ind. 

2 S. Amer. 
\ Mexico . 

Antigua 



Bed . 7 
W.pur. 8, 

Yellow 6, 
Red . 6 
Ro. w. 6 

Rod . 6, 

White . 6, 
Purple 6, 
Redw. 6, 

Yellow 6, 



S. Ev. S. 1 Mexico . . 

S. Ev. S. 1 

S. Ev. S. Mexico . . 

S. Ev. S. 2 Honduras . 

S. Ev. Tr. Hybrid . 

S. Ev. S. 20 Caribbees . 

S. Ev. S. H S. Amer. . 

S. Ev. S. 10 St. Domin. 



. 1690 
. 1S28 
. 1827 
.1808 
.1820 
. 1826 
. 1835 
. 1836 
. 1830 
. 1690 
. 1834 
. 1845 

. 1826 

1835 
1830 
1838 
1801 



laris. 
multiplex 7 . Scarlet 0. 
myriacan- 1 

thus . > 
myriocaulon 

ln ^nus I B ™™ 

Napolebnis 8 Grn. w. 7, 

nlger . . . Red . 6, 

nigrosplnus 

ndbilis 9 . . Pink . 7, 

nycticallis 

obtusus . . 

ochrolehcus Ochre . 

Olferaii 

ovatus 10 

paniculatus 

pellucidus 

pentagbnus . White . 7. 

pentalophus Yel. . 0, 



S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 



S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 



1S29 
183;j 
lSlli 



subarti- } 
culatus ) 
peruvianus . Red . 8, 
Pitajaya 11 . 
polygdnus . 
polym6r- ) 
phus 12 j 
prismaticus 
propinquus . 
pterogbnus . 
quadran- \ 

gularis . j 
radicans . 
ramosus . 
regalis 
repandus 
reptans . 
rosaceus . 
Royeni 



S Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. 8. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. 8. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 

Lilac . 7, S. Ev. S. 



. Rose . 
. W.red. 



3 Brazil 

2 S. Amer. 

I S. Amer. . 1815 

\ St. Domin. 1829 

Chile . 1815 

. 1835 

. 1815 

6 . 1826 

3 S Amer. . 1820 
B. Ayres . 1836 

3 W. Ind. . 1811 
. 1834 

5 . 1820 

. 1835 

Brazil . 1836 

2 Chile . . 1827 
1 St. Domin. 1827 

St. Domin. 1826 

3 S Amer. . 1769 
1 Mexico 

1 Mexico . . 

3 Peru . . 1728 



White 


6, S. Ev. S. 


6 


Carthagcna 1836 


White 


S. Ev. S. 


10 


Chile . 


1827 




S. Ev. S. 


2 


Chile 


1827 




S. CI. S. 


2 




1820 




S. Ev. S. 


3 




1826 


White 


6, S. Ev. S. 


2 


Carthagcna 1862 


White 


6, S. CI. S. 


3 


S. Amer. 


1S25 




S. CI S. 


3 


B. Ayres 


1836 




S. Ev. S 






188(1 


White 


8, S. Ev. S. 


10 


S. Amer. 




White 


8, S. Ev. S. 


10 


W. Ind. 


1728 




S. Ev. S. 


1 




1813 


Roso 


8, S. Ev. S. 


1 




1826 


Whito 


7, S Ev. S. 


3 


S. Amor. 


1728 



ramuldsus . . S. Ev. S 

rhfimbeus . . S. Ev. S. 

^muslf.lCrim.^S. 

Lateritius . Red . 8, S. Ev. S. 
splendidusl4 Scarlet 9, S. Ev. S. 
SchnSnkii . S. Ev. S. 

serpentlnus W. pur. 8, S. Ev. S. 
setaceus . . S. Ev. S. 

setiger . . . S Ev. 8. 

setosus . 8. Ev. S. 

Smlthii . . .8. Ev. S. 

sphiibarbis . . 8. Ev. S. 

strictus . . Red . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 
strigdsus . . 8. Ev. 8. 

subrepandus White . 8, 8. Ev. S. 
superbus . . Red . 7, S. Ev. 8. 
tenuatus . . Rose . 7, S. Ev. 8. 
tenuissimus . S. Ev. S. 

tephracan-j _ fl Ey g 

tetragbnus . White . 7, 8. Ev. S. 
toitudsus . . S. Ev. 8. 

triangularis. White . 8, 8. Ev. 8. 
trigbnus . . White . 7, S. CI. S. 
trlqueter . S. Ev. 8. 

tripteris . . 8. Ev. 8. 

tunicatus . 8. Ev. S. 

Twcediei . Orange 9, 8. Ev. 8. 
undatus . . White . 7, S. Ev. 8. 
midulitus . White . 8, 8. CI. 8. 
validus . . 8. Ev. 8. 

variabilis . . 8. Ev. 8. 



. 1S35 
. 1835 

Ev. S. 6 S. Amer. . 1836 

6 Eng. Hyb. 1831 

1 Mexico . . 1831 

. 1S35 

4 Peru . . 
1 Brazil 
1 Brazil . 1828 

i . 1S35 

. . 1835 

Brazil . . 1828 

3 8. Amer. . 1822 

. . 1815 

3 W. Ind. . 1817 

1J Mexico . . 1850 

1 . 1836 
. 1835 

Chile . . 1825 

3 S. Amer. . 1810 
B. Ayres . 1816 

2 W. Ind. . 1690 

1 .8. Amer. . 1809 

5 S. Amer. . 1794 

J Brazil . . 1832 

2 B. Ayres . 1845 

3 China . . 1829 

1 W. Ind. . 

2 8. Amer. . 1826 
. 1S36 



major 
minor 
retbrta 



Cereuses. See C&reus. 

CERiNTHE, Liim. From kcros, wax, and anthos, 
a flower ; in reference to the attraction for 
bees in the flowers. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Boragin&cecc. The species of this genus are 
all ornamental annual, or biennial plants, re- 
quiring only to be sown in common soil, 
aspera . . Yel. pur. 7, H. A. 2 8. Prance. 1633 
maoulata . Yel. red 7, H. B. 2 8. Franco. 1804 

. Yellow 7, H. A. 3 S. France. 1596 

. Yel. pur. 7, H. A. 1 Austria . 1570 

. Yel grn. 7, H. Tw. A. 2 Levant . 1825 

CERiONANTntrs. See Cephalaria. 
CEEiscus. See Stylocaryne. 
Cernuous, nodding, drooping, pendulous. 
CEROPEGIA, Linn. From Iceros, wax, and pege, 
a fountain ; literally a fountain of wax. Linn. 
5, Or. 2, Wat. Or. Asclepiaddcecc. A curious 
genus of stove plants, that require to be grown 
in a sandy loam, and increased by -cuttings 
potted in sand, 'and placed in a little heat. 
See Microldma. 

6, S. Tu. P. 
6, 8. Ev. Tw. 
6, G. Ev. Tw. 
6, G. Ev. Tw. 



acuminata . Purple 

africana . . Yellow 

aphylla . . White 

australis . White 

Bowkeri . Yel. gm. 5', S. Tu. P. 

bulbbsa . . Red grn. 5, S. Tu. P. 

CumingianaBr. yel. 8, S. Ev. Tw. 

dichbtoma . Whito 7, G. Ev. S. 

elegans . . Purple 8, 8. De. Tw. 5 E. Ind. 



2 Coroman. 
6 E. Ind. , 

2 N. Holl. , 

3 N. Holl. , 
2 Caffraria 
2 E. Ind. 

4 Java . 
1 E. Ind. 



1822 
1833 



4 E. Ind. 

1 E Ind. 
4 Bombay 
6 Bombay . 1842 
3 C. G. II. . 1818 

2 C. G. H. . 1826 



Wht. br. 5, S. Ev. Tw, 
Yellow 8, S. Ev. 8. 
Gr. pur. 9, 8. De. Tw. 
Spotted 9, 8. Ev. Tw. 
Pa. red 7, G. Ev. Tw. 
7, G. Ev. Tr. 

9, 8. Ev. Tw. 
5, 8. Tu. P. 
7, 8. Ev. Tw. 
9, S Ev. Tw. 10 E Ind. 
Wlghtii . . Gr. pur. 8, 8 De Tw. 5 E. Ind. 

Ceropt<5pteris. See EUoboc&rpus. 
Cer<5xylon, or Wax Palm. See Iri&rtia. 
Cerrus. See Qucrms austriaca. 



Gardneri 
juncea . 
Lushii . 
oculata . 
sinuata . 

^rmTs- >>*'<= 
Thwaltesii . Gr. br. 
tuberbsa . Red grn. 
torulbsa . Yellow 
vincaefolia . Pur. w. 



1820 
1823 
1817 
1820 
1862 
1821 
1840 
1804 
1828 



4 Ceylon 
8 E. Ind. 
2 C. G. H. 



.1857 
. 1821 
. 1820 
.1837 
. 1832 



CER 



127 



CH.E 



C^ERIS, ancient name for the bitter oak. (Quer- 
ens Girris.) 

Ceh.v1.ria. See Atliamdnta Gcrvaria, and Pcu- 
cidanum Cervaria. 

Cervicaria. See Campdnula. 

CERVlciNA. See Wahlcnbe'rgia. 

Cervinous, tawny, deer-coloured. 

CESTRACEiE. See Solanacece. 

Cestrintjs,- Gassini. After Oestrinus the son of 
Helenus and Andromache. Linn. 19. Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Asteracecs. An ornamental herba- 
ceous plant, growing well in common soil, 
and is increased freely by dividing the roots. 
Synonymes: 1, Serrdtula acaillis, Ctfnara 
acaidis, 
ca»bhamoldes 1 . Purple 7, H. Her. P. 1 Barbary 1797 

Cestruh, Linn. The Greek name for betony, 
but it lias no relation to the plant which now 
bears that name. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
SolandLccce. This is a genus of little beauty, 
and of easy culture ; all the species grow well 
in a mixture of peat and loam, and are in- 
creased by cuttings ; the fruit of all the species 
is poisonous. See Uabrothdmnus. , Synon- 
ymes : 1, HabrotMmnus aurantiacus ; 2. caly- 
cinum. 

acuminatum . Gsh. yel. . 9, G. Ev. S. G Mexico. 1824 
alaternoldes . Pale yel. . 3, S. Ev. S. 8 Trndad. 1824 
angustifblium. White. 6, S. Ev. S. 6 W. Ind. 1820 
aurantlacum . Orange . 6, S. Ev. S. 4 GuatmL 1842 
auriculiltum . Green . . 6, S. Ev. S. 10 Peru . 1774 
bracteatum . Green . . 4, S. Ev. S. 8 Brazil .ISIS 
cauliflbrum .White. . 5, G. Ev. S. 3 .1821 

citrif61ium . . Yellow 6, G. Ev. S. 6 . 1821 

confertum . . Yellow 6, S. Ev. S. 6 Peru . 1S20 
diurnum . . White . . 11, S. Ev. S. 8 W. Ind. 1732 
exstipulatuni . Green. . 6, S. Ev. S. 8 S.Amer. 1824 
fcetidissimum. White . . C, S. Ev. S. 10 E. Ind. . 
fastigiatum .White. . 11, S. Ev. S. 4 W. Ind. 
hirsutum . Pale yel. . 5, S. Ev. S. 8 . 1822 

hfrtum . . . White . . 6, S. Ev. S. 6 W. Ind. 1800 
latifolium . . White . 6, S. Ev. S. 6 Trndad. 1818 
lauril61ium . White . . 6, S. Ev. S. 6 W. Ind. 1691 
lycioldes . .White. 7, G. Ev. S. 5 C. G. H. 1826 
macrophjllum White . . 6, S. Ev. S. 6 W. Ind. 1S12 
multifldrum .Green. 5, S. Ev. S. S S.Amer. 1825 
noctumum .White. . 11, S. Ev. S. . 7 E. Ind. . 1732 
odoratfssi- 1 w^to, . n, S. Ev. S. 6 E. Ind. . 

mum . J 
odontosper- l white. . 7, S. Ev. S. 6 W. Ind. 1793 

muni . . I 
•paniculitum . Gm. yel. . 7, S. Ev. S. S Caraccasl619 
Parqui . . . Pale yel. . 6, G. Ev. S. 6 Chile . 17S7 
pendutlnum . Gm. wht. 6, S. Ev. S. 6 Caraooas 1824 
BeKeliil ■ . Red yel. . 6, S. Ev. S. 6 C.Amer. 
salicifblium . Grn. wht. 6, S. Ev. S. 5 Caraccas 
suberosum. .Sulphur. 6, S. Ev. S. 6 .1815 

thyrsoldeum . Palo yel. . 5, S. Ev. S. 2 Mexico. 1826 
tinetbrium. .White. . 5, S. Ev. S. 4 CaraccaslS23 
tomentbsura . Yellow 6, S. Ev. S. 6 S.Amer. 1790 
undulatum . Yellow . 5, G. Ev. T. 12 Peru . 1S25 
venenatum . White . . 8, G. Ev. S. 7 C. G. H. 17S7 
vespertluum . Green . . 6, S. Ev. S. 10 W. Ind. 1759 
viridifldrum2. Greenish. 10, S. Ev. S. 2 Brazil .1843 
Warczcwfarii .Green. . 9, G. Ev. S. 4 C.Amer. 1851 

Ceterach, Willd. Called chetherak by the 
Persians. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Poly- 
podidcece. Plants of easy culture, found wild 
on limestone and chalk rocks, in Britain. Sy- 
nonyme: 1, AspUnium CUcracli, GrammUis 
Ctteracli. 
officinarum . Brown 5, H. Her. P. i Britain, ch. rocks. 

CetrAria, Acharius. From cctra, a buckler ; 
in reference to the receptacle being buckler- 
shaped, linn. 24, Or. 8, Nat. Or. Parme- 



liacem. Is a genus of lichens ; some of the 
species are used for food in Iceland and Lap- 
land. O. isldndica and nivalis, are used as 
tonic, demulcent, and nutrient — glaUca, g. 
fdllax, isldndica, juniperina, j. Pindstri, ni- 
valis, septncola. 

Ceuthospora, Pries. From Tceutho, to hide, 
and spora, a sporule ; in allusion to the spo- 
rules being hidden. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. 
Uredin&ceas. A genus of very minute fungi, 
found on decaying holly, laureT, and other 
leaves — LaAri, pliacidioides, phcedcomes. 

Cetlonese cow plant. See Gymnima lac- 
tlfera. 

ChabrAa, Do Candolle. Named in compliment 
to Dominicus Chabrey, of Geneva, author of a 
work entitled, " Omnium Stripium Sciogra- 
phia," 1666. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Astc- 
raceai. This plant thrives in any good soil, 
and is readily increased by seeds. Synonymes : 
1, LeuclieYia runcinata, Perdkium rbseum, La- 
siorlviza rosea. 
runcinata 1 .White . 6, H. Her. P. lJTJliili .1844 

Chadara. See Greicia. 

Ch^nanthe, Lindlcy. Not explained. Linn. 
20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidaceas. This is do- 
scribed as a most singular plant, but no figure 
of it has yet appeared. It will most probably 
be found to succeed best when treated as is re- 
commended for the genus Vdnda. 
Barkeri S. Epi. Para . 1837 

Ch^SNANTHERA. See Charidnihus. 

CH-ffiNESTHES, Miers. From chaino, to gape 
— cloven form of the calyx. Linn, u, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Solandccat. Beautiful half-hardy 
shrubs, with showy flowers, increased readily 
from cuttings. Synonyme : 1, Lycium fitch- 
sioldcs. 

fuclisioldes 1 . Scarlet 7, F. Ev. S. 6 Azoques . 1S43 
lanoeolMa . . Bluo . 6, H. Ev. S. 5 Quindiu . 1846 

CHiENOMELES. See Cydbnia. 

CttaaJOSTOMA, Beutham. From cliaino, to gape, 
and stoma, a mouth, referring to the wide 
throat of the corolla. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Scrophulariacecs. Pretty dwarf half-hardy 
plants, suitable for decorating the flower-gar- 
den, &c, in summer. They flourish under 
the treatment ordinarily bestowed upon plants 
of their class. Synonymes : 1, Maniilea cor- 
data; 2, M. fdetida ; 3, Manuka hlspida, M. 
oppositifdlia ; 4, M. linifdlia, C. faseiculdla ; 
5, M. villbsa. 

cordata 1 . . White . 6, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H: . 1810 
fastigi&ta . . White . 6, G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H. . 
fdrtida 2 . White . 6, G. A. 1 C. G. H. . 1794 

hlspida 3 . . White . 7, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1816 
linif&lia 4 . . White . 7, G. Her. P. 1 C. G. H. . 1S20 
polyantha. . Lil. yel. 6, G. Her. P. 1 S. Africa. 1844 
villbsa 5 . . White . 6, G. A. 1 C. G. H. . 17S3 

CasROPHifLLUM, Hoffmansegg. From chain, 
to rejoice, and phyllon, a leaf; alluding to the 
smell of the leaves. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Apiacece. An uninteresting genus of plants, 
varying in height from one to three feet ; the 
annual and biennial species are best sown in 
the open ground in common soil. Synonymes : 
1, M$rrhis bulbbsa; 2, O. angulatum ; 3, 
Scdndix Cerefdlium ; 4, Sison canadense; 5, 



CUM 



128 



CHA 



Myrrhis Claytbnia. See Anthriscus, Conopb- 

dium. 

arom&ticum . "White . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Germany 1726 

tenuifdlimn . White . 5, H. Her. P. 1 S. Eur. . 1818 

angeliccefdlium, aureum, Biebersteinii, bulbdsum 
1, canadinse 4, capinse, cicutirium, Claytbnia 
5, coloralum, divaricatum, hirsutum, humile, 
hfibridum, maculalum, monogbnum 2, nUidum, 
PrescUtii, proc&mbens, roseum, sylvislre, sati- 
vum 3, temulum, torquatum. 

ClLETACHlJ&NA, D. Don. From chaite, a bristle, 
and chlaina, a covering ; the points of the in- 
volucre being covered. Linn. 1 9, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Aster&cac. This is an ornamental, green- 
house, herbaceous plant, succeeding best in 
sandy loam ; increase is by seeds, 
cdorata . . Red . 8, G. Her. P. 1 Chile . . 1830 

0'h.etanthera, Ruiz et Paron. From chaite, a 
bristle, and ant/icra, an anther; because the 
anther is furnished with a hairy tuft. Linn. 
19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asteraeece. This is a pretty 
genus of herbaceous plants, which thrive best 
when sown in a mixture of peat and loam, in- 
creased by dividing at the roots. Synonyme : 
1, Perdlcium chilinsc, C. serrata, Prosilia 
serrata. 

chilensis»l . Yellow . 7, G. Her. P. 1J Chilo . 1827 
ciMta . . . Yellow . 7, G. Her. P. 2 Chile .1822 

Ch^tAria, Bcauvois. Derived from chaite, an 
awn or bristle. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Gra- 
minima;. This is an interesting genus of 
grasses, that grow well if sown in any common 
soil. Synonyme : 1, Arislida adscensibnis — 
adscensidnis 1, c£erule"scens, divaricata, h^strix. 

Ch-ZEtJba. See Byttniria. 

CHjETOCALyx, De Oandolle. From chaite, a 
bristle, and kalyx, calyx ; the calyx is covered 
with bristles. Linn. 17, Or. i, Nat. Or. Fa- 
bacece. Is an ornamental stove climber, that 
thrives well in a mixture of peat and loam ; 
increased by cuttings. Synonyme : 1, Glfcine 
vincentina. 
vincenttnal. Yellow . 6 S. Ev. Tu. 6 St. Vincent 1S23 

Ch-ETOCAPNIA, Herbert. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Kat. 
Or. Amarylliddceoe. Greenhouse herbaceous 
plants, l-equiring the same treatment as Bland- 
fbrdia. 
geminifldra . . Eed . S. Her. P. 1 Mexico . 1SSS 

CKjETOGASTRA, De Candull'. From diaile, a 
bristle, and gaster, a belly ; alluding to the 
tube of the calyx being covered with hairy 
scales. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Melastoma- 
ccce. Interesting plants, succeeding well in a 
mixture of peat and loam, and increased by 
seeds. Synonyme; 1, RliAxia lanceolata. 
gracilis . . Red li. . 0, S. Her. P. 1 Brazil . 1S34 
lanceolata 1 . White . 1, S. A. 1 Trinidad. ISiO 

Lindeniana . Dk. pur. 6, S. Ev. S. 1 Columbia 
strigdsa . . Rose pr. 9, 8. Ev. 8. 1 W. Ind. . 1848 

Chjst6mium, Kunze. Named from chaite, a 
bristle ; in allusion to the hairy appearance of 
the plants. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Helvcl- 
lacem. This is a minute species of Fungus, 
found growing on damp straw, &c. — elatum. 

CH.ETONYCH1A, De Candolle. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Illecebraceai. See JIUcebrum. 

ClLETOPHORA, Agardh. From chaite, a bristle, 



and pliorco, to bear ; the filaments being ter- 
minated by a bristle- like point. Linn. 24, 
Or. 7. Nat. Or. Confirvacece. This is a curious 
genus of A Igce, found growing on marine roclcs, 
in lakes, ditches, &c. Synonyme : 1, 0. ilc- 
gans — Berkeleya, endiviffifolia, e. crassa, lon- 
gfeva, pellita, pisifdrmis 1, tuberculosa. 

Ch^etospora, R. Brown. From chaite, a bristle 
or awn, and spora, a seed. Linn. 3, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Cyperacece. An uninteresting genus 
of grasses, that grow well in a boggy situation ; 
increased by dividing at the roots. Synonyme: 
1, Schcenus ferrugineus. - 

turbin&ta . Apetal 7, G. Grass . J N. Holland lS'JO 
ferruglnca 1. 

Ch.s;t6spora, Agardh. See Naecaria. • 

Ceuet6stacexs. See Lavandula. 

CH.a:TtrRUS, LinJe. From chaite, a bristle, and 
oura, a tail ; in reference to the silky appear- 
ance of the pauicles. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Gramindcecs. An uninteresting grass, that 
grows in any common soil— fasciculatus. 

Chaff-flower. See Alternanthira Achyraniha. 

Chaffy, bearing processes like chaff. 

Chailletia, Dc Candolle. In honour of M. 
Chaillet, a Swiss botanist. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Chailletiaeeai. A poisonous green- 
house shrub, that grows about live feet high, 
succeeding well in a mixture of peat and loam, 
and increased by cuttings potted in sand, under 
a glass, 
toxicaria White . 6, G. Ev. S. 5 S. Leone . 1S24 

Chailletiace^e or Chaii.letiads. A small 
order of trees and shrubs. V. toxicaria is 
known in Sierra Leone as Kats'-bane, and is . . 
reputed very poisonous. 

Chainlet. See Catcnilla op&ntia. 

Chaittjrus. See Lconurits. 

Chalaza, a spot on the seed, indicating where 
the vessels of the raphe terminate, 

Chalcas. See Murraya exdlica. 

CHAMjEBfJxus. See Polijgala Cham.cebi.xus. 

Chaiuecassia. See Chamcefistida and Cassia. 

ChajmcIsrasus. See Cirasus Chamozcirasus. t ( 

CHAMJSCfSTrjs. See Rlwdodindron Chamccclstus. 

Cham^clema. See Nepeta. 

Chamjeclinis. See Lycopddium. 

CHAMJECRfsTA. See Cdssia Chamozcrisla. 

Chamjbcyparis. See Cuprissus. 

CHAMiEOYPARfssus. See SanloVlna Chamcccy- 
parissus. 

Chajvuedaphne. See Andrdmcda and Mit- 
cMlla. 

CuAMiEDbREA, Willdcnow. From chamai, dwarf, 
and dorca, a gift ; supposed to refer to the 
flowers being near the ground. Linn. 22, Or. 
6, Nat. Or. Palmaceoz. An ornamental genus 
of Palms, growing from eight to ten feet high ; 
they thrive best in a sandy loam in a moist 
heat. Synonyme : 1, Nunnezia fragrans ; 2, 
Geondma corallifera. 

elatior . . Straw . 5, S. palm 10 Mexico . . 1840 
elcgans . . Straw . 5, S. palm 10 Mexico . . 1S40 

^Itfj 1 "';} Orange . 5, S. palm 6 Jf. Grenada 1S54 
fragrans 1 . White . 5, S. palm 7 Trinidad . 1S20 
gracilis . Wht. grn. 5, S. palm 10 Caraccas . Wa 

Chajl&dryon. Sec Spiraea. 



CHA 



129 



CHA 



ChamAdrys. See Teucrium. 
CHAMJEFfsTULA, De Oandolle. From chamce, 

false, and fistula, a pipe ; shape of seed pods. 

Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Fabacece. See Cdssia. 

gigantea . . Yellow . 0, S. Ev. S. 6 Jamaica . 1825 

melanocarpa . Yellow . 6, S. Ev. S. 3 Jamaica . 1825 

ChaMjBJAsmjb. See Andrisace Chamcejdsme and 
SUllera Chamcejdsme. 

CHAMiELAUCIACKa; or Fringe- myrtlbs. Beau- 
tiful little bushes, resembling heaths, with 
fragrant foliage ; found in New Holland. 

Chajsuelaucium, De Oandolle. From chamai, 
dwarf, and lauchis, a poplar. Linn. 10, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Chamcelaucidcecs. For culture, &c, 
refer to Mi/rtus. 
ciliatum . . White . 5, G. Ev. S. 4 N. Holl. . 1825 

ChamAlea. See Cnedrum. 

Chajleledon, Link. From chamai, dwarf, and 
ledon, a kind of cistus ; from its having the 
appearance of a cistus. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Ericdcece. This is one of the most inte- 
resting of our native plants ; it delights in a 
sandy peat, and may be increased by layers. 
Synonymes: 1, Azalea procumbens, Loiseleil/ria 
procumbens. 
procumbens 1 . . Pink . 4, H. Ev. S. J Brit. mts. 

CHAiMxfRiUM, Willdenow. Derived from 
chamai, ground, and leirion, a lily ; on ac- 
count of the appearance of the plant. Linn. 
22, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Melanthdceee. An orna- 
mental herbaceous plant, that grows best in a 
mixture of peat and loam, and is increased by 
dividing at the roots. Synonymes: 1, Yera- 
trum luteum, Helbnias lutea, dioica, Meldn- 
thivm dinsum. 
carolinianum 1 . Yel. 7, H. Her. P.1H Amer. 1759 

CHAMiEMESPlLUS. See Pyrus Chamceme'spilus. 

Cham.3Em6ly. See Allium Chameemdly. 

Chamjsm6rus or -Cloud-berry. See BAbus 
Chamcemdrus. 

ChaMjENERIo-n, Tourneforte. From chamai, 
dwarf, and nerion, the oleander. Linn. 8, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Onagrdeece. For culture, see 
Epildbium. 
americanum . Eed . 7, H. Her. P. 1J N. Amer. 1825 

CHAM2EPEUCE, De Oandolle. From chamai, 
dwarf, and peuJce, a pine : resemblance. Linn. 
19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asteraceos. Plants of little 
interest, growing in common soil, and increased 
by division and seeds. Synonymes : 1, Cdr- 
duus dfra ; 2, Cardials Casabonce ; 3, 0. gna- 
phalbdes ; 4, StceheUna chamcepeuee, Pterdnia 
chamoepeuce ; 5, Cntcus afer, Cirsium Wweum ; 
6, Cdrduus stellatus, Cirsvwm sCell&tum ; 7, 
Cntcus strietus. 

afral . . . Purple . 6, F. B. 2 Barbary. 1802 

Casabdme 2 . Purple . 6, P. B. 2 S. Eur. . 1714 

cvanaroldes . Purple . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Crete . . 1828 
Diacantha. . Purple . 6, P. B. 3 Barbary . 1800 

echinocephala Purple . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Caucasus 1822 
gnaphalddes 3 Purple . 7, F. Ev. S. 2 Calabria . 
Etfrrida. . . White . 0, H. Her. P. 3 Spain . 1825 
mutica 4 . . Bed . . 6, F. Ev. S. 2 Candia . 1640 
nivea 5 . . . Purple . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Sicily . 1828 
stellata 6 . . Purple . 6, H. A. 2 Italy . . 16155 

strfcta 7 . . Purple . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Naples . 1820 

Chamjeiutys. See Ajuga Chamospilys, 



Chamjerepes. See Herm&nium. 

CHAM^RHbDOS, Don. From chamai, dwarf, 
and rhodon, a rose ; appearance of plants. 
Linn. S, Or. 5, Nat. Or. Rosdcece. Interesting 
dwarf plants, difficult to preserve through the 
winter, as they are liable to damp off. They 
require sandy loam and heath mould, and are 
increased by seeds. Synonyme : 1, Sibbdldia 
grandiflbra. 

grandifldrus . Yellow . 6, H. Her. P. J Dahuria . 1828 
polygynus . Yellow . 6, H. Her. P. J Siberia . 1824 

Cham^eriphes. See Chamcerops. 

ChamArops, Linn. Chamai, on the ground, 
rhops, a twig; alluding to the low growth of 
the plants. Linn. 23, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Pal- 
macece. A handsome genus of the Palm tribe, 
attaining thirty feet in height, and delighting 
best in a rich loamy soil ; and with the excep- 
tion of C. guianinsis and gracilis, they do very 
well in a common greenhouse. Synonyme : 1, 
CSrypha palmetto. 

excelsa . . . Grn. wht. 3, S. Palm 25 Nepal . 1822 
Fortuei . . Yel. grn. . 3, G. Palm 10 China . 1849 
gracilis . . . Grn. wht. 2, S. Palm 10 S. Amer. 1822 
guianensis . Grn. wht. 4, S. Palm 20 Guiana . 1824 
humilis . . Grn. wht. 2, S. Palm 10 S. Eur. . 1731 
hjrstrix. . . Grn. wht. 2, S. Palm 10 Georgia . 1801 
Martiana , Grn, wht. 3, S. Palm 40 Nepal . 1822 
Palmetto 1 . Grn. wht. 3, S. Palm 15 Carolina. 1809 
serrulata . Grn. wht. 2, S. Palm 10 N. Amer. 1809 
tomentdsa . Grn. wht. S, 8. Palm 

Cham-^sciAdium, Don. From cliamai, dwarf, 
and skiadion, an umbel ; plants small. Linn. 
5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Apidcece. Synonyme: 1, 
Bunium acaulc. — flavescens 1. 

Chamjesideritis. See Stdchys. 

CHAM^ssfNNA. See Cdssia. 

Chamjestephanum. See Achyropdppus. 

CHAM.3ESYCE. See Euphorbia Chamoesyce. 

Chamagrostis. See Kndppia. 

CriAMEUEA. See Cnemidostachys Chameldea. 

Chamiss6a, Hwmbt. et Bonpl. In honour of 
M. Chamisso, the companion of Kotzebue. 
Liivn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Amarantacece. This 
is a beautiful stove plant, attaining the height 
of five feet-; it thrives well in common soil, 
and may be increased from cuttings. Syno- 
nyme: 1, Achyrdnthes altissima. See Clad6- 



altissima 1 . Yellow . 7, S. Ev. S. Jamaica . 1816 

Chamiss6nia. See (EnotMra. 

CHAMLAGU. See Garagana Chamldgu. 

Chamomile. See Anthemis. 

CHAMOMfLLA. See Matricaria Chamomllla and 
Anthemis Chamomllla. 

Cham6rchis. See HermAnmm. 

Champ. See Magnolia excilsa. 

Champaca. See Michelia Champaca. 

Chamfignion. See Agdricus. 

Champion oak:. See Quercus rubra. 

Chandelier tree. See Panddnus Candeld- 
brurn. 

Chandir6ba. See Feuillea. 

Channel-leaved, folded together, so as to 
resemble a channel for conducting water. 

Chantarelle. See Chantarillus. 

Chaotic plants. The lowest forms of vegeta- 
tion, believed by some of the ancients to be pro- 

K 



CHA 



130 



CHE 



duced spontaneously without order, and not 
governed by the usual laws of the vegetable 
kingdom ; modern science, however, has shown 
that the most perfect order reigns throughout. 

Chaptalia, Ventenat. In honour of M. Chap- 
tal, a celebrated French chemist. Linn. 19, 
Or. 4, Nat. Or. Asterdcece. This is a pretty 
hardy herbaceous plant, that succeeds well in 
common soil, and increases by dividing the 
roots. Synonyme: 1, Tussilago integrijblia, 
tomentosa 1 . White . 5, H. Her. P. J N. Amer. 1806 

ChAra, Linn, From chairo, to delight ; in 
allusion to its habitation. Linn. 24, Or. 7, 
Nat. Or. Characece. A curious and interesting 
genus, requiring to be grown in ponds or 
cisterns, in a peat soil. See Nitilla. — dspera, 
grdcilis, Hedwigii, Mspida, vulgaris. 

ChAra of C£sar. See Equisetum flvmidtiU. 

CharAce2E or Charas. Curious water plants 
of little beauty, nearly related to Conferva. 

CharAcias. See Euphdrbia Chardcias. 

CharAntia. See Momdrdica Cltardnlia. 

ChardInia, D. Don. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Asterdcece. See Xerdnthemum. 

ChariAnthtjs, D. Don. From charieis, beauti- 
ful, and anthos, a flower. Linn. 10, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Melaslomdcece. Showy shrubs, re- 
quiring exactly the same treatment as Melds- 
toma. Synonymes: 1, Meldstoma coccinea, al- 
pina; 2, Chenanthira mucrondta, Charidnthus, 
Berterodnus. 

coccineus 1 . . Scarlet 9 . S. Ev. S. 4 Cayenne . 1848 
glaberrimus 2 . Pur. red . S. Ev. S. 6 Trinidad . 

Charieis. See Kaulfussia. 

Charles's sceptre. See Pediculdris Sciptrum 
Carollnum. 

Charlock. See Sindpis arvinsis. 

Charlwo6dia, Sweet. In honour of ,G. Charl- 
wood, F.L.S., an enthusiastic English botanist. 
Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lilidcece. This is a 
beautiful stove genus, that attains the height 
of ten feet ; the species thrive well in a mix- 
ture of peat and loam, and are increased by 
cuttings in sand, under a glass, in heat. Sy- 
nonymes: 1, Dracfena australis; 2, D. indi- 
vlsa; 3, D. slricta. See Cordyline. 
australis 1 . Blue wht . 3, S. Ev. T. 10 N. Zeal. 1823 
cong&ta . . Pa. blue . 3, 8. Ev. T. 10 N. Holl. 1822 
indivlsa 2 . Blue . . . 3, 8. Ev. T. 10 N. Zeal, 
striota 3 . . Blue . . . 3, 8. Ev. T. 10 N. Zeal. 1820 

Charrah. See Lagenaria vulg&ris. 

Charred, blackened by fire. 

Chasconitjm, Mey. Derived from chasko, to 
gape ; in allusion to the gaping calyx. Linn. 
14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Verbendceas. A half 
shrubby greenhouse plant, thriving in loam 
and heath mould, but requires good drainage. 
It is easily propagated by cuttings planted in 
pots of sand, and placed in a little heat, 
cuneifdlium . White . 5, G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H. . 1821 

Chasm6ne. See Moluccilla. 

Ch asm6nia, Presb. From chasmao, to gape wide ; 
in reference to the calyx being spread open. 
Limm,. 14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lamidcece. An orna- 
mental annual, that only requires sowing in 
common soil. Synonyme: 1, Moluccilla spindsa. 
inclsa 1 . . Pink . . 7, H. A. 2 Levant 1596 



Chasten^A, De Candolle. Named in honour 
of Victorina de Chastenay, a celebrated bo- 
tanical painter. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Melastomacece. Shrubs with the habit of Me- 
ridnia, and requiring similar treatment ; they 
are propagated by half ripened cuttings planted 
in soil, under a glass, in heat. 
Merlanise . Purple . 5, S. Ev. S. 6 S. Amer. 

Chaste tree. See Vitex. 

ChAte. See Cucumis Clidte. 

Chaw stick. See Goudnia dominginsis. 

Chat root. See Oldenldndia umbelldla. 

Chebula. See Termindlia Chebula. 

Cheese colouring. See Bixa Orelldna. 

Cheese rennet. See Gdlium vh-um. 

Cheilanthes, Swartz. From cheilos, a lip, and 
anthos, a flower ; in allusion to the form of the 
indusium. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Mat. Or. Polypo- 
di&cem. This is a beautiful genus of ferns, 
that succeed best when grown in a mixture of 
peat and loam, and increase by dividing the 
roots. Synonymes: 1, Polyp6dium frdgrans; 
2, Ptiris grdcilis; 3, Notholcena cheilantholdes ; 
4, Adidntum pteroides; 5, Nephrddium land- 
sum. 

brachypus . Brown 6, G. Her. P. 
caudata . . Brown 6, G. Her. P. \ N. Holl. . 1324 
cronulata . . Brown 6, S. Her. P. 1 . 1S31 

cuneata . . Brown 6, 8. Her. P. 1 . 1831 

Dicksonioldes Brown 8, S. Her. P. 3 
farinSsa . . Bn. yl. 8, S. Her. P. i I. of Luzon 1854 
ferruginea . Brown 6, S. Her. P. i . 1816 

fragrans 1 . . Brown 8, G. Her. P. j Madeira . 1778 
frigida . . . Brown 7, G. Her. P. 1 
gracilis 2 . . Brown 7, H. Her. P. * N. Amer. . 1823 
hirta ... Brown 6, G. Her. P. J C. G. H. . 1806 
lendigera . . Brown 6, S. Her. P. £ N. Spain . 
macrophylla . Brown 8, 8. Her. P. 1 W. Indies . 

, micromera . Brown 8, 8. Her. P. £ Mexico 
micropteris . Brown 9, 8. Her. P. \ . 1838 

mysurensis . Brown 6, G. Her. P. 1 Japan . . 
microphylla 3 Brown 6, G. Her. P. J W. Indies. 1823 
od&ra . . . Brown 6, P. Her. P. * Switzerld. 1819 
pterioldes 4 . Brown 7, G. Her. P. j C. G. H. . 1775 
profusa. . Brown 9, S. Her. P. \ 

radiata . . . Brown 9, S. Her. P. j 
repens . . . Brown 7, S. Her. P. 1 W. Indies. 1824 
rilfa .... Kedbn.9, 8. Her. P. \ W. Indies 
rufescens . . Brown 9, 8. Her. P. \ . 1838 

spectabilis . Brown 9, 8. Her. P. 1 Brazil . . 1829 
sinu&sa . . . Brown 8,8. Her. P. 1 W. Indies . 
suaveblens . Brown 8, G. Her. P. 1 Madeira . 1778 
tenuif61ia . . Brown 9, S. Her. P. 1 Ceylon 
viscosa . . . Brown 9, S. Her. P. £ Mexico . 1841 
vestlta 5 . Brown 8, H. Her. P. \ N. Amer. . 1812 

Cheilococca. See Platylbbium. 

Cheilyctis. See MonArda. 

Cheiranthera, Cunning. See Achime'nes. 

CheirAnthus, Linn. Derived from its Arabic 
name kheyrey, and anthos, a flower. Linn. 15, 
Nat. Or. Brassicdceoe. These are all ornamen- 
tal dwarfish plants, and the common kinds 
thrive well iu light soil, the rest require it 
somewhat richer, and the protection of a frame 
or greenhouse in winter. Synonyme: 1, C. 
dUbius, See Andredskia, Barbarea, Camellna, 
Erysimum, Helibphila, Malcdmia, Stcrigma. 
alplnus . .Yellow . 5, G. Ev. S. JS. Eur. 1810 
arb&reus . Yellow . 5, G. Ev. 8. 3 Egypt. 1827 

capitatus . . Yellow . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Colmb. 1S26 
Chelri . . . Orange . 5, P. Ev. S. 2 S Eur. 1573 
ferruginous . Brown . 5, F. Ev. 8. 2 8. Eur. 1573 
flavescens Yellow . 5, F. Ev. B. 2 S. Eur. 1573 
fldre-pleoo Yellow . 5, F. Ev. S. 2 Garden var. 
grandiflorus . Yellow . 5, F. Ev. S. 2 S. Eur. 1573 



CHE 



131 



CHE 



Cheiri : 

hasmantlius . 

hasmanthus ) 
variegatus ) 

m&ximus . . 

pfitulus . 

purptlreus 

variegatus . 

.sanguineus . 

serratus . . 

thyrsoldes . 

varius . . . 
firmus . . 
fruticuldsua 
linifdlius . 
mutftbilis . 

longif&lius 
ochroleucus 1 
scoparius . . 

serugindsus . 

chameeleo 
Bemperfldrens , 

frutescens . 
tenuitblius . . 



Blood . 

Blood . 

Yellow . 
Yellow . 
Purple . 
Purple . 
Drlt. bra. 
Yellow . 
Blood . . 
Varieg. . 
Yellow . 
Yellow . 
Purple . 
Yel. pur. . 
Wht. pur. 
Pale yel. . 
Wht. pur. 
Rusty 
Yel. pur. . 
"White . 
White . 
Yellow . 



, 5, F. Ev. 8. 

. 6, F. Ev. S. 

S. 



5, F. Bv. 

5, F. Bv. 

6, F. Ev. 
6, F. Bv. 

5, F. Ev. 

6, F. Ev. 
5, F. Ev. 

5, F. Bv. 

6, F. Ev. 

5, H. Her. P. 
4, G. Ev. ~ 
4, G. Ev. 

9, G. Ev. 
4, H. Her. 
0, G. Ev. 

6, G. Ev. 
6, G. Ev. 

G. Ev. 
6, G. Ev. 
6, G. Bv. 



2 3. Eur. 1573 

2 S. Eur. gar. 

2 S. Eur. 1578 
2 S. Eur. 1573 
2 S. Eur. gar. ' 
2 S. Eur. gar. 
2 Garden var. 
2 S. Eur. 1573 
2 S. Eur. 1573 
2 S. Eur. 1573 

1 Europe 1816 
li Brit, walls 

2 Spain . 1815 

3 Madeira 1777 
3 Madeira 1815 

1 Switzrl. 1822 
3 Tenerff. 1812 
3 Tenerff. 1812 
3 Tenerff. 1812 

2 Barbry. 1815 
2 Tenerff. 1815 
2 Madeiral777 



Cheiranthodendron. See CheirosUmmi. 

CheIri. See Cheirdnthus Clwtri. 

CHElRfNlA. See Erysimum. 

Cheirisahthera. See Oheiranlhira. 

CheirostEmon, Humboldt et Bonpland. From 
cheir, the hand, and stemon, a stamen ; on 
accomit of their having five stamens, and the 
filaments united at the base. Linn. 16, Or. 5, 
Nat. Or. Sterculiaceoe. This is generally called 
the hand plant, on account of its five curved 
anthers which resemble the human hand ; it 
will grow about one hundred feet high, and 
cuttings with their leaves entire, potted in 
peaty soil, plunged in heat, root freely, 
paranoides . Bed pur. 5, S. Ev. T. 100 [~S. Spain 1801 

Cheir6stylis, Linn. From cheir, the hand, and 
stylos, a style. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Or- 
chidacea. ' ' This interesting, but inconspicuous 
genus, was obtained by Messrs. Loddiges, from 
Ceylon." In general aspect it is like a minute 
Goodyera, but differs from that genus in several 
particulars. A very damp heat is requisite for 
these little gems— their treatment is the same 
as for Ancectochllus. Synonyme: 1, Dossinia 
marmorata, Ancectochllus Lbwii. 
marmorata 1 . White . . 6, S. Ter. £ Java . . 1849 
parvifblia . White . . 6. S. Ter. i Ceylon . 1837 

Chblid6nitjm, Linn. The plant is said to flower 
at the arrival and dry up at the departure of 
the swallows ; whence the name, from cheledon, 
a swallow. Linn. 13, Or. .1, Nat. Or. Papa- 
veraccas. The species of this genus aro inte- 
resting, and succeed well in common garden 



soil. Synonyms ; 
miria. 



1, C. dahHricum. See Ro- 



5, H. Her. P. 2 Dahuria. 1820 
5, H. Her. P. 2 S. Eur. . 



grandifl&rum 1 . Yel. 
laciniatum . . Yel. 
mains . . . 
fldre pleno . Yel. . 9, H. Her. P. 1J Eng. gardens 



Chelonanthera, Blume. See Ccel6gyne_. 

Chel6ne, Linn. From chelone, a tortoise ; to 
the back of which, the helmet of the flowers 
is fancifully compared. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Scrophularidcece. This is a beautiful hardy 
herbaceous genus, that ought to have a place 
in every collection ; the species succeed well in 



a mixture of peat and loam, and 
by dividing the roots. Synonym 
jor ; 2, PentsUmon gentianoid.es. 
sQrmon. 

barbata . . . Scarlet . 1, H. Her. P. 3 
major . . . Orn.scr. 7, H. Her. P. 3 
centranthif61ia Scarlet . 9, H. Her. P. 6 
gentianoldes 2. Orn.acr. 7, F. Her. P. 



glabra 
Ly&ni 1 . 
Mexicana 
nemorbsa 
obliqua . 
speciosa . 



. White . 8, H. Her. P. 4 
. Purple . 8, H. Her. P. 4 
. Scarlet . 6, H. Her. P. 1 
. Purple . 8, H. Her. P. 1 
. Purple . 8, H. Her. P. 4 
. Pale red 8, H. Her. P. 4 



are increased 

;s: 1, O. md- 

See Pent- 

Mexico . 1794 
Eng. gardens. 
California 1834 
Mexico . 1825 
N. Amer. 1730 
N. Amer. 1812 
Mexico . 1842 
N. Amer. 1827 
N. Amer. 1752 
N. Amer. 



Chemmam. See CUcumis Dudcrim. 

Chen6lba, Lmn. Supposed to be derived from 
chen, a goose, and leia, prey. Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Ohmopodi&cece. The beauty of this 
plant consists in its silvery leaves ; its height 
is seldom more than one foot, and any rich 
light soil will suit it ; cuttings root freely 
placed under a glass, 
diffusa . .Green. . 8 G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H. .1758 

Chen<5poda. See Aspdlathus Cliendpoda. 

Chenopodiace^e, or Chenopods. Principally 
weeds inhabiting waste places in all parts of 
the world; some, as beet-root, spinach, &c, 
are used as pot-herbs and vegetables. 

Chenop6dium, Linn. From chen, a goose, and 
pons, a foot ; in reference to many of the 
species having leaves similar to the webbed 
feet of the goose. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Chenopodihcece. A genus of so little beauty, 
that its species are for the greatest part only 
grown in botanical collections ; when grown 
they require to be sown ou a sandy soil in the 
open border. Synonymes : 1, Salsbla frutiedsa ; 
2, S. divergens; 3,'C. erdsum; 4, Salsbla sdlsa; 
5, O. f&lidum; 6, Salsdla sdlsa; 1, G. leuco- 
spirmwm. See Kbchia and Rhagbdia. 

ambrosioldes . Green 8, H. A. 1£ Mexico . 1460 

f niticdsum 1 . Green 8, H. Ev. S. 2 Eng. sea shore 

Quinda . . Green 7, H. A. 3 Peru . . 1822 

rubrum . . Green 7. H. A. 3 Peru . . 1822 

acuminatum, acutifblium, dlbum, a. cramfblium. 
a. integrifblium, a. subrotundum, a. ifiride, 
altissimum, anthelminticum, aristatum, Atri- 
plicis, Biebersteinianum, blitoidcs, Bonus-Hen 
ricus, botrybides, Bitrys, Carthaginense, cauda- 
turn, chrysomelanospe'rmum, crassifblium, fid- 
folium, fcetidum, giganteum, glaucum, graved 
lens, guineinse, MrsiUum, hortinse^hximifusum^ 
hpbridum, incisum, lanceoldtum, laterdle, mar 
ginatum, marlta/inum, multlfidum, muralc, 
blidum, opulifbliwm, 3, Pallasianum, parvifb 
Zmm, pdtulum, petiolare., polyspirmum, punc- 
tulatum, purpurdscens 7, radiatum, rhombifb 
Hum, rubrum, sdlsum 4, Schraderianum 5. 
sepiu/m, serbtinum, setlgerum, spicatum 6. 
suffrutiedsum, urbicum. 

Cherim6lia. See Anbna Cherimblia. 

Chbrimoyer. See Anbna, Cherimblia. 

Cherlbria, Holler. In honour of John Henry 
Cherler, who assisted John Bauhin in his his- 
tory of plants. Linn. 10, Or. 3, Nat. Or. 
Caryophyllaceoe. This is an ornamental plant, 
and has a good effect upon rock-work ; it grows 
best in sandy loam and peat, and may be in- 

K 2 



CHE 



132 



CHI 



creased by dividing the roots, or by cuttings. 

See Aren&ria. 

sedoldes . Tel. wht. 7, H. Her. P. £ Scot. mnts. 

Chbrris. A resin obtained from the hemp 
( Cdnnabis sativa) . 

Cherry. See Cerasus. 

Cherry laurel, Olrasus LaAro-cirasus. 

Cherry pepper. See Odpsicum cerasifbrme. 

Chervil. See La&cus Gingidiwm. 

Chervil. See Chcerophtfllum. 

Chesntjt. See Cast&nea. 

Chicasaw pltjm. See Ctrasus chicasa. 

Chichester elm. See tJlmm glabra vfyeta. 

Chickling vetch. See Ldthyrus sativus. 

Chick pea. See deer. 

Chickweed. See Alshie and Mdntia. 

Chickweed mouse-ear. See Cerdstium. 

ChJca. See Sterculia Chiea. 

Chicot. See Moringa pterygospirma. 

Chicken grape. See Vitis cordifblia. 

Chili jasmine. See Mandevilla suaveolens. 

Chiliophyllum, De Candolle. Chilios, very 
numerous, phyllcm, a leaf. Linn. 19, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Asteracece. Plants with but little 
beauty, growing in light loam and heath mould, 
and propagated by division and seeds, 
glob&sum . Yellow 8, G. Her. P. 1} Mexico . 1820 

Chili pepper. See Capsicum mierdnthum. 

Chil6chloa, Beauvois. Derived from chilos, 
fodder, and chloa, grass. Linn. S, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Graminacece. A genus of grasses of no 
particular beauty, that only require to be sown 
in the open ground. Synonymes : 1, Phleum 
dnnuum ; 2, P. aren&ria ; 3, P. paniev.la.tum ; 
4, P. BoShmeri — annua 1, arenaria 2, Sispera 3, 
Beehmeri 4, cuspidata. 

Chil&diA, R. Brown. From ckeilos, a lip, and 
odous, a tooth ; alluding to the lip being tooth ed. 
Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Zamiacece. The 
species of this genus are ornamental greenhouse 
shrubs, that succeed well in a mixture of peat 
and loam, and increase by cuttings potted in 
sand, under a glass. 

australis . . . Violet . 7, G. Ev. S. 3 N. Holl. 
scutellarioldes . Violet . 9, G. Bv. S. 2 N. Holl. 1829 

Chilogl6ttis, R. Brown. From cheilos, a lip, 
and glotta, a tongue ; alluding to the tongue- 
like appendage to the lip. Linn. 20, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Orchidaceoe. An ornamental bulbous- 
rooted plant, growing well in a mixture of 
light turfy loam, turfy peat, and sand ; and 
kept either in the greenhouse or in a frame, 
diphylla . .'Bed . . 6 P. Ter. £ New Hoi. . 

Chilopsis, Z>. Don. From cheilos, a lip, and 
opsis, resemblance ; calyx with a lip. Linn. 
14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Bignoniacece. For culture, 
&c, refer to Bignonia. Synonymes: 1. Bigno- 
nia linearis, Childpsis saligna. 
linearis 1 . Hose . 5, 8. Ev. S. 20 Mexico . . 1825 

ChimAphila, Pursh. From cheima, winter, and 
phileo, to love ; the plants are green in winter. 
Zinn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Pyrolacas. This is 
a genus of ornamental and medicinal plants, 
but difficult of cultivation ; they succeed best 
planted out in peat soil, and there left to 



remain, as they cannot bear to be disturbed ; 
cuttings. Synonymes: 1, Pyrola wmhellata; 
2, P. maculMa. 

corymbbsa 1 . Pink . 6, H. Her. P. i N. Amer. 1752 
maculata 2 . White . 6, H. Her. P. J N. Amer. 1752 

Chimaza. See Chimdphila. 
Chimonanthus, Lindley. From cheimon, win- 
ter, and anlhos, a flower ; alluding to the time 
of its flowering. Linn. 12, Or. 3, Nat. Or. 
Calycanthaceoz. This genus is deserving of a 
place in all collections, on account of the de- 
lightful fragrance of the flowers ; they endure 
our winters in the open air, hut when grown 
in the conservatory are seen to the most ad- 
vantage, as the flowers are liable to be injured 
when unprotected. They will grow in any 
soil, but prefer a mixture of loam and peat ; 
and are increased by layers or young cuttings 
potted in sand, under a glass, and plunged in 
a little heat. Synonyme: 1, Calyc&nthus pre- 
cox. 

frigrans 1 . Yel. red . 12, H. De S. Japan 17S6 
grandifldrus Yellow . 12, H. De S. 8 China . 
luteus . . Yellow . 12, H- De S. 6 Japan 1818 
parviflorus . Pa. yel. . 12, H. De S. 6 Japan 1818 

China aster. See CaHiste~ma. 

China bark. See Buina hexdndra. 

China rose. See Hibiscus rdsa-sininsis. 

Chinchin. See Polpgala thesioides. 

Chinchon. See Plochria tinax. 

Chinese cherry. See Prunus pseudo-cdrasus. 

Chinese crab. See Pyrus spectdbilis. 

Chinese indigo. See Is&tis indigdtica. 

Chinese tree. See Pcednia, Moutan. 

Chinkwrit. See Opigrapha. 

Chinquapin. See QiUmis Prlnus piimila. 

Chiococca, P. Brown. From chion, snow, and 
Tcohhos, a berry ; referring to the berries, which 
are white, hence the name snowberry. Linn. 
5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. C'inclwndcece. Ornamental 
plants growing from three to six feet high ; 
they thrive well in a mixture of loam and peat, 
and are increased by cuttings in sand, placed 
under a glass. C. anguifibga is a violent 
emetic and purgative. 

anguifoga . White . 7, S. Ev. S. 4 Brazil . . 1824 
racembsa . White . 2, 8. Ev. S. 6 Jamaica . 1729 

Chionanthus, Linn. From chion, white or 
snow, and antjws, a flower ; the flowers are 
pure white. Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Oleacece. 
An ornamental genus of plants, varying in 
height from seven to thirty feet ; the best 
plants are raised from seeds, but they may he 
increased by budding or grafting on the com- 
mon ash. Synonymes: 1, O. virginica marl- 
lima; 2, O. trifida; 3, 0. vir. montana. See 
Ghondrospkrmum. 

axillaris . . . White 6, S. De 8. 6 E. India . 1810 
maritima 1 . . White 6, H. De S. 10 N. Amer. . 1736 
retusus . . . White 6, H. Ev. 8. 6 China . 1849 
virginica . . White 6, H. De T. 30 N. Amer. 1736 
angustif&lia 2 White 6, H. De Tr. 20 N. Amer. 
latifolia3 . . White 6, H. De Tr. 25 Carolina. 

Chio turpentine. See Pistacia TcreUnthus. 

ChirIta, Buchanom. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Gesneracem. Beautiful little greenhouse plants, 
bearing large lilac foxglove-like flowers. Tho 
treatment and propagation recommended for 



CHI 



133 



CHL 



Gloxinia suits them. Synonyme : 1, Martyn'm 

lanceoldta. 

Modnii 1 . . Bl. p. y. 5, 8. Ev. 8. S Ceylon . 1847 

sinensis . . Lilac . 6, G. Her. P. J China 1843 

Walkeri . . Yellow . 6, 8. Ev. S. if Ceylon . 1845 

zeylanica . . Purple . 7, 8. Her. P. 1J Ceylon . 1845 

Chiroc<5cca. See Ghioeicca. 

Chir6nia, Linn. After Chiron, one of the 
fathers of medicine and botany ; he is repre- 
sented to have been the son of Saturn. Linn. 
5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Genliandcece. The species 
of this genus are pretty, growing to the height 
of two feet ; peat soil, or peat with a little 
loam mixed, suits them best ; they ought to 
be frequently raised from cuttings, as the 
species are not long-lived ; cuttings strike freely 
in peat, placed under a glass. See Erythrfea, 

. JSxacum, and Sabbdtia. Synonymes : 1, 0. 
Fischeri; 2, 0. trinirvis. 

angustifdlia . Eed . . 7, G. Bv. S. 1 C. G. H. 1800 
baccifera . . Yellow . 6, G. Bv. S. 2 C. G. H. 1759 

' decussate . . Red . . 7, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. 1789 
floribunda 1 . Eose . 5, G. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H. 1842 
frutescens. . Red . . 7, G. Ev. S. 1JC. G. H. 1756 
albiflbra . . White . 7, G. Bv. S. lj C. G. H. 1756 
glutinosa . . Red . . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H.-1843 
jasminoldes . Purple . 5, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H...1812 
linoldes . . Red . . 8, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 1787 
lychnoldes . Purple . 5, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 1816 
nudicaulis. . Purple . 7, G. Bv. S. 1 C. G. H. 1816 
pedunculitis 2 Purple . 7, G. Bv. S. 3 C. G. H. 1830 
serpylliftlia . Yellow . 8, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. 1829 
tetrag6na . . Yellow . 7, G. Ev. 8. 1 C. G. H. 1824 

Chit6nia, S. Son. From chiton, a coat of mail ; 
in allusion to the seeds being covered with 
scales. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Melasto- 
mdccce. This is a genus of ornamental stove 
plants, growing from three to twenty feet 
high ; they succeed well in a mixture of peat 
and loam, and are increased readily by cut- 
tings planted in sand under a glass. Synony- 
mes : 1, Meldstoma albicans ; 2, M. Fothergilla, 
Fothergilla mirdbilis ; 3, M. pyramiddlis ; 4, 
M. Tambnia, M. Swarteiana. 
Albicans 1 . . White . 8. Ev. 8. 8 Mexico . 1815 
Fothergilla 2 . Purple . 8. Ev. T. 15 S. Amer. 1815 
macrophyUa . White . S. Ev. 8. 10 Trinidad 1820 
pyramidalis3. White . 7, S. Ev. S. 3 Trinidad 1817 
Tamdnia 4 . . Purple . S. Bv. T. 12 W. Ind. . 1815 

Chives. See Allium Schamoprdsum. 

Chlamyd<5phora, Son. From chlamys, a coat, 
phono, to bear. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Asteracece. Annuals of no particular beauty, 
growing in any common soil, 
tridentata . Yellow . 6, H. A 1 Egypt . 1836 

ChlidanthuS, Herbert. From chlideios, deli- 
cate, and anthos, a flower ; alluding to the 
delicate texture of the flowers. Linn. 6, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Aniarylliddcece. This is a pretty 
plant, requiring to be grown in a composition 
of two-thirds sandy loam, and one-third sand 
and peat; bulbs that are planted out in the 
spring will flower in summer, but they should 
be taken up in the autumn. Synonyme: 1, 
Pancratium lutewm. 
fragrans 1 . Yellow . 5, G. Bu. P. 1 B. Ayres . 1820 

Chloanthes, R. Broum. Named from chloa, 
grass, and anthos, a flower ; on account of the 
green flowers. Linn. 1 4, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Ter- 
ben&cece. An ornamental genus ; the species 
grow to the height of two feet, and require a 



mixture of loam and peat ; cuttings, when 

young, root freely in the same soil, under a 

glass. 

glandulosa . . Grn. yel. 7, G. Bv. S. 2 N. Holl. 1824 

rosmarinifolia . Grn. yel. 7, G. Bv. S. 2 N. Holl. 1823 

SWechadis . . Grn. yel. 7. G. Ev. 8, 2 N. Holl. 1822 

Chl6ra, Linn. From chloros, green. The 
flowers of C. per/olidta are a perfect green 
when dried, but yellow when fresh ; hence the 
name Yellow-wort. Linn. 8, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Gentiandcecs. This is a pretty genus, and the 
species well worth cultivating as hardy an- 
nuals ; they only require to be sown in the 
open borders as soon as the seeds are ripe. 
Synonymes: 1, C. dubia ; 2, O. perfolidta. 
grandifldra . Orange 6, H. A. 
imperfoliata . 1 Yellow 6, H. A. 1 Italy . . 1823 
perfoliate . . Yellow 6, H. A. 1 Brit. cha. pi. 
serdtina 2 . . Yellow 11, H. A. 1 Europe . 1832 

ChlorJEA, Lindley. From chloros, green; in 
allusion to the hue of the flower. Lmn. 20, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. OrchHdaceos. Synonyme : 1, 
O. chrysdntha. 

longibracteate . Wht. yel. 9, S. Epi. 1 Chili 1837 
virescens 1 . . Grnsh.yl. 5, G. Ter. 1J Chili 1844 

CHLORANTHACK2E. A small order consisting of 
herbaceous plants or under-shrubs, with an 
aromatic taste, and inconspicuous flowers. 
They are all natives of tropical climates ; 
where they are esteemed for their medicinal 
properties. 
Chloranthds, Swartz. The flowers are green; 
whence the name, from' chloros,. green, and 
anthos, a flower. Linn. 1, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Chloranthdcecs. This is a very curious genus 
of plants, generally growing a foot, or a foot 
and a half high. They thrive well in a mix- 
ture of loam and peat, and. cuttings root freely 
in peat under a glass. 

inconsplcuus . Apetal . 5, S. Bv. 8. 1 China . 1781 
Apetal. 6, 8. Ev. S. 1J China . 1817 
Apetal. 4, 8. Her. P. 1 China . 1819 
Green . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 6 China . 1820 
Green . 6, G. Ev. 8. 1 China . 1809 

See Narcissus^ 
Link From chloros, pallid, and 
:, appearance ; alluding to the appearance 
of the plants. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Mu- 
cordcece. Insignificant plants, growing on de- 
cayed wood— griseum. 
Chl&ris, Swartz. From chloros, green; allud- 
ing to the colour of the herbage. Linn. 23, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Graminicecs. The tender spe- 
cies should be raised on a hotbed, and require 
altogether to be grown with other tender an- 
nuals. Synonyme: 1, O. Surandidna. See 
AntJieropdgon, Filstachys, Rhabd6chloa. 
barbate . . . Apetal 6, 8. Grass 1 E. Ini . . 1777 
ciliata . . . Apetal 8, 8. Grass $ Jamaica . 1779 
compressa . . Apetal 7, H. Grass 1 8. France . 1820 
dolichostechya Apetal 7, H. Grass J Phil. Is. 



monander . 
monosta*chys . 
elatior . . 
erectus . . . 

Chloraster. 

CHLORfDIUM, 



elegans . ." . Apetal 7, 8. Grass 1 S. Amer. 
fasciculata . . Apetal 7, H. Grass J Brazil . 
gracilis 1 . . Apetal 7, H. Grass 1 
inflata . . . Apetal 7, H. Grass i California 
pallida . . . Apetal 8, H. Grass | 8. France 
polydactyla . Apetal 7, S. Grass f Jamaica 
radiata . . . Apetal 8, S. Grass J W. Ind. . 
retusa . . . Apetal 7, H. Grass J B. Ayres 
Roxburghiana Apetal 7, S. Grass j E. Ind. . 
truncate . . Apetal 7, G. Grass f N. Hoi. . 
ventricdsa . . Apetal 7, G. Grass J N. HoL . 



1822 
1818 
1S27 
1S24 
1S-2S 
1816 
1S10 
1739 
1824 
1820 
1818 
1S2Q 



CHO 



134 



CHO 



CHORfsiS. See Chorisma. ■ 

Chl6roc<5ccum, Greville. Derived from chloros, 
green, and lcokkos, a berry ; on account of their 
appearance. Linn. 24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Con- 
fervaeew. This is a very curious genus, found 
growing on trunks of trees and old walls. 
Synonyms : 1, Leprdria botrydides — murdrum, 
vulgare 1. 

Chlor6phytum, Ker. From chloros, green, and 
phyton, a plant ; referring to the appearance of 
the plants. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Liliacece. 
A curious genus, growing from one to two feet 
high ; they do best in a compost of turfy loam, 
peat, and sand. Synonyme: 1, Anthiricum 
elatum. See also Borriria. 
elatum 1 . . . White . 8, S. Her. P. 2 C. G. H. 1751 
inornatum . . White . 7, S. Her. P. 1 S. Leone 
orchidastrum . White . 6, S. Her. P. 2 S. Leone 1822 

Chl6rosis, the green sickness ; a disease so 
called. 

Chloroxylon, De Candolle. From chloros, 
green, and xylon, wood ; on account of the 
green or deep yellow colour of the wood. 
Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Cedrelacece. This is 
a fine timber tree, growing to the height of 
one hundred feet ; it grows well in our stoves, 
in a mixture of loam and peat ; increase is by 
cuttings. Synonyme: 1, Swietenia chlordxylon. 
See also LaHrus Chlordxylon. 
Swietenia 1 . White . 5, S. Ev. T. 100 E. Ind. 1820 

Chocolate-nut. See Theobroma. 

ChoIsya, Kwnth. In honour of M. Choisy, a 
Genevese botanist. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Rutdceoe. This is an ornamental shrub, grow- 
ing about six feet high ; it thrives well in a 
mixture of peat and loam, and may be in- 
creased by cuttings in sand under a glass, 
ternata . . White . . 7, S. Ev. 8. 6 Mexico . 1825 

Choke. See Cirasus hyemalis. 

Ch6ko. See Sichium. 

Chomelia, Jacquin. After J. B. Chomel, M.D., 
physician to Louis XV. Linn, 4, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Cinchonaeece. The species are ornamental 
plants, growing from five to twelve feet in 
height ; they thrive well in a mixture of loam 
and peat, and cuttings root freely under a glass 
in heat. Synonymes: 1, Ixorafasciculata; 2, 
I. spinosa. 

fasciculata 1 . White . 5, S. Ev. S. 6 W. Ind. . 1825 
spinftsa 2 . . White . 6, S. Ev. S. 10 W. Ind. . 1793 

Chomoro. See Podocdrpus mprissimMs 

Ch6na. See Erica. 

Ch&ndria, Agardh. From ehondros, a cartil- 
age ; on account of the fronds being cartila- 
ginous. Linn. 24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Ceramidcece. 
A very curious genus. All the species are 
found growing in the ocean. See SphcerocOccus 
— angusta, articulata, clavelldsa, dasyph^lla, 
kaliformis, obtusa, ovalis, osmiinda, pinnati- 
fida, tenuissima. 

Chondrilla, Linn. From ehondros, a lump ; 
the plants bear lumps of gummy matter on the 
stems. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asterdcece. 
Uninteresting plants ; the species grow best 
planted in a sandy soil, and are increased by 
dividing the roots— graminea, jimcea, latifdlia. 

ChonDRORHYNCHA, Linn. From ehondros, a car- 



tilage, and rhynchos, a snout ; form of lip of 
flower. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchiddcece. 
Bulbless epiphytes, requiring the same treat- 
ment as Epidendrum. 
rosea . . . Blush . 7, 8. Epi. 2 Morida . . 1842 

Chondr&sittm. Kunfh. From ehondros, a lump ; 
mode of plant's growth. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Qramin&cem. Synonymes: 1, Aetiniehloa 
proc&mbens, Atheropigon proeUmbens ; 2, Acti- 
noehloa prostrdta, Boideloiia prostrata — pro- 
cumbens 1, prostratum 2, tenue. 

Chondrospermum, Wall. From ehondros, a 
lump, and sperma, a seed. Linn. 2, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Oleaeeoe. A rambling evergreen 
climbing shrub, with large leaves, and incon- 
spicuous greenish-yellow flowers. It requires 
the same treatment as for Chiondnthus. Syno- 
nymes: 1, Chiondnthus smilaeifblia, Ligds- 
trum laurijblium. 
smilacif&lium . Gr. yel. 7, S. Ev. CI. 10 E. Ind. 1850 

Ch6ndrtjs. See Polymirpha. 

Chonem6rpha, Don. From chone, a, funnel, 
and morpha, form ; shape of flowers. Linn. 

5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Apocyndcece. For culture, 
&c, see Echites. 

pubescens . . White . 5, S. Ev. S. 6 E. Indies 1822 

Choopa. See Pierdrdia d&lcis. 

Chordaria, Link. Named on account of the 
resemblance of the plants to a cord, from 
chordea, a cord. Linn. 24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. 
Fuc&cece. A very remarkable genus, found 
growing in the ocean — -flagellifbrmis. 

Chorda-Filum or Sea Whiplash. See Chor- 
daria. 

ChordorhIza, cord-rooted. 

Choretis, Herbert. From choretes, rustic. Linn. 

6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Amaryllidacece. "This is 
a very beautiful bulbous-rooted plant, with a 
flower greatly resembling that of Ismene, from 
which genus Choretis has been lately divided 
by the Hon. and Rev. "W. Herbert. C. glauca 
is a native of Mexico, whence it was imported 

by Geo. Barker, Esq., of Springfield, near 1 1 

Birmingham." 

glauca . . . White . 8, S. Bl. P. 1 Mexico . 1837 

ChorIsma, D. Don. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Asteraeem. Synonymes: Prendnthes ripens, 
Chorlsia ripens. 
repens . . Blue . 8, H. Her. P. Siberia . 1828 

CHORfsPORA, De Candolte. From choris, sepa- 
rately, and spora, a seed ; the seeds are sepa- 
rated from each other in the pods. Linn. 15, 
Nat. Or. Brassicacece. The species of this 
genus are pretty, and only require sowing in 
the open ground, and treating like other hardy 
annuals. Synonymes : 1, Rdphanus tenillus ; 
2, R. arcudtus. 

tenflla 1 . . Purple . 6, H. A. J Siberia . 1780 
arcuata 2 . Purple . 6, H. A. $ Siberia . 

ibirica, sib'triea. 
Chorozema. From chores, a dance, and zema, 
a drink ; this name was suggested to Labillar- 
diere, who originally discovered the plants upon 
the south-west coast of New Holland, at the 
foot of the mountains, near a spot, where, 
after finding many salt springs, his party n\et 



CHO 



135 



CHR 



with an ample supply of fresh water. Linn. 10, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Fabacece. This is a very pretty 
genus, and ft Henchmdnni is really beautiful ; 
they grow from one to two feet high, and suc- 
ceed best in an equal mixture of peat, loam, 
and sand, and increase from cuttings, but the 
best plants are obtained from seed, which ripen 
in abundance. Synonymes : 1, IHUwynia gly- 
cinefdlia ; 2, ft flava ; 3, Mirbilia Bdxteri ; 
4. ft lalifllium, ilegans. See Podolbbium, 
Daviisia, Gastrolbbium, and Oxylbbium. 



angustifdlia 1 . 
B&xteri 3 . . 
cordata 2 . . 

elegans . . 

splendens 
Dicksdni . . 
Hugelii . . . 
fl^va . . . 
Heuchmanni . 
ilicif61ia . . 
roacrophylla . 
nervosa . . . 
nana . . . . 
ovata . . . 
platyloboldes 
rhombea . 
scandens . . 
speetaoilis . 
spartioldes . 
triangulare 
varia 4 . . 

Chandleri 

grandifldra 



Tel.red . 3, 
Yellow . 5, 
Red . . 4, 
Red yel. 4, 
Scar. yel. 4, 
Scar.yeL 7, 
Blue . . 5, 
Yellow . 4, 
Scarlet . 5, 
Yel. red . 8, 
Bed . . 4, 
Or. or. . 9, 
Yel. red . 4, 
Scarlet . 8, 
Yellow . 5, 
Yellow . 5, 
Yellow . 3, 
Or. red . 3, 
Yel.red . 8, 
Scarlet . 4, 
Or. red . 3, 
Red yel. 3, 
Or. acar. 3, 



G. Bv. S. 
G. Bv. S. 
G. Bv. S. 
G. Bv. S. 
G. Bv. S. 
G. Bv. S. 
G. Bv. S. 
G. Bv. S. 
G. Bv. S. 
G. Bv. S. 
G. Ev. S. 
G. Bv. S. 
G. Bv. S. 
G. Bv. S. 
G. Bv. S. 
G. Bv. S. 
G. Bv. S. 
G. Ev. S. 
G. Bv. S. 
G. Ev. S. 
G Bv. S. 
G. Ev. S. 
G. Bv. S. 



1^ Austral. . 

2 N. Hoi. . 

2 N. S. W. . 

2 N. S. W. . 

2 N. S. W. . 

3 Swan R. . 
2 Swan R. . 
2 N. Hoi. . 
2 N. Hoi. . 
2 N. H"l. . 
2 N. S. W. . 
2 Swan R. . 

J N. Hoi. . 



N. Hoi. 

1 N. Hoi. 

2 N. Hoi. 
2 Austral. 

2 N. Hoi. 
£ N". Hoi. 
| N. Hoi. 

4 N.Jfol. 

3 Swan R. 
3 Swan R. 



1830 
1824 



1824 
1803 

18S1 
1803 
1830 
1825 
1803 
1824 
1840 
1832 
1830 
1839 
1839 
1839 



The garden varieties are numerous, and many 
of them beautiful. 

Chorozbmia. See Ohordzema. 

Chou-CARAIB. See Xanthosdma sagittifblia. 

Chou-rave. See Br&ssica. 

CHRfsTEA. See Lourea. 

Christian killer. See Pirsica. 

Christmas daisies. See Aster. 

Christmas rose. See Helliborus nlger. 

Christ's eye. See Inula Ocnlus Christi. 

Christ's thorn. See PaliHrus. 

Chro6lepus, Agardh. From chroos, skin, and 
lepo, to decorticate ; in allusion to the change 
undergone by the inner membrane, which be- 
comes powdery. Linn. 24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. 
Confervacece. This curious genus is found 
growing on rocks, trees, and old walls— ArnM- 
tii, ebeneus, j6ltikus, lichenicola, mesbmelas, 
odoratus, rubietmdus. 

Chrysalis-like, like the chrysalis of an insect. 

Chrysanthellum, Richard. A diminutive of 
Chrysanthemum. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Asferacece. An uninteresting stove annual, 
that will grow well sown in any common soil. 
Synonyme: 1, Verbeslna miltiea, Colldsa pro- 
cUmbens— prociimbens 1. 

Chrysanthemum, Linn. From chrysos, gold, 
and anthemon, a flower ; alluding to the colour 
of some of the flowers being yellow. Linn. 
19 Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asteracete. The species 
and varieties of this genus are very numerous 
and of great beauty, when a large quantity of 
them are grown together; -the greenhouse 
species thrive well in any light soil, and young 
cuttings root freely taken off young, and 
potted in sand under a glass. Synonyme : 1, 
ft indicum; 2, ft tricolor, IsmHia versicolor. 



absinthiif&lium White 
Achflleas . . White 
an6malum . 
arcticum . 
argenteum . 
atratum . . 

lobatum . 
carinatum . 

piotum 2 . 
coronarium 
daucifblium 
fimbriatum 



. White 

.White 

. White 

. White 

. White 

. Wh.pur.8l H. 

. W.y.r.p.6, H. 



H.Her. P. 1 Siberia 
7, H.Her. P. I Italy . 
6,F.Bv. S. 1 ~ 
7, H.Her. P. 
7, H.Her. P. 
7, H.Her. P. 
7, H.Her. P. 

A. 

A. 



. 1824 

.1775 

. 1811 

JKamtsc. .1801 

1 Levant 

1 Austria 
iSwitzerl. . _ 

1* Barbary .1796 

1 Barbary . 

3 Sicily . .1629 

1 . 1820 



.1731 

.1731 

1819 



Yel. ." 8, H. A. 

. White 7, H.Her. P. 

.White 8, H.Her. P. 

graminifolium White 6, H.Her. P. 1 Montpel. . 1739 

heteropbyllum White 7. H.Her. P. 1 Switzerl. . 1806 

indicum. . .Yel. . 9, H.Her. P. 2 China . . 

itfflicum. . . Pa.yl. 6, H.De. Tr.2 Italy . .1796 

lanceolatum .White 6, H. Her. P. J Hungary . 1817 

l6 nnun the " } WWte 6, H. Her. P. 2 Brit. past, 
mexicanum . White 8, H.Her. P. 1 Mexico . 1825 
monspeliense . White 7, H.Her. P. 1 Montpel. . 1739 
montanum . Whito 6, H. Her. P. 2 France .1759 
Mycbnis . . Yel. . 7, H. A. 1 Italy . . 1775 
palud6sum .White 6, H.Her. P. 1£ Barbary .1810 
perpusillum .White 6, H.Her. P. 1 France .1825 
pinnatlfidum . White 7, G.Bv. S. 3 Madeira . 1777 
pumilum . . White 8, H. A. I . 1S06 

rfdicans . .White 7, G.Ev. S. 1 Spain . .1818 
rotundifdlium. White 6, H.Her. P. 1J Hungary . 1817 
Salteri . Yel. . 6, G Her. P. 1 Hybrid. . 

segetum . .Yel.. 7, H. A. 1£ Brit, crn.f. 
sinense . . Varig. 10, H.Her. P. 3 China. .1764 

sylvestre . .White 6, H.Her. P. 2 .1804 

tiinacetifblium White 7, H.Her. P. 1 A. Minor . 1818 
tripartitum 1 . Yel. . 10, H.Her. P. 3 E. Indies . 1800 
Garden varieties. — These are too numerous to 
admit of even a selection, and many of them 
are exceedingly beautiful. 
Chryseis, Lindley. After Chryseis, a celebrated 
Homeric beauty ; alluding to the colour of the 
flowers. Linn. 13, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Papave- 
racece. The species of this genus are very 
handsome when in flower, and on that ac- 
count well deserve a place in every flower-gar- 
den. They succeed well in any rich soil, and 
must be annually raised from seed sown on a 
gentle hotbed early in spring, and afterwards 
planted out in the open border, where they 
will produce their flowers and seeds in autumn. 
If there is any convenience for protecting the 
young plants during winter, the seed should 
be sown in autumn, as by that means the 
plants will flower much earlier and produce 
seeds with greater certainty. Synonymes : 1. 
Eschscholtzia calif drnica; 2, E. crbceaj 3, 
E. fumaricefblia ; 4, E. tenwifblia. 
calif6rnioa 1 . Yellow 9, H. Tu. P. 1 California . 1826 
compacta . . Yellow 8, H. Tu. P. 1 California . 1833 
cr6cea2 . . Saffron 8, H. Tu. P. 1 California . 1833 
fumariarfblia 3 Yellow 9, H. Tu. P. 1 Mexico . . 1827 
tenuif61ia 4 . Yellow 8, H. Tu. P. 1 California . 1855 

Chryseis, Lees. See Amberbba. 

CHRYSlPHiALA. From chrysos, gold, and phiaje, 
a goblet; in allusion to the golden cup-like 
flowers. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Amaryl- 
lidacece. This is a pretty genus of bulbs, that 
require to be grown in a light loam, and are 
increased by offsets. Synonyme: 1, Steno- 
misson fidma. See OoMirghia. 
crocea . . . Copper 5, G. Bu. P. 1 S. Amer. . 1820 
eurvidentata . Yellow 10, G. Bu. P. 1 Peru . 1825 
flava 1 . . . Orange 5, G. Bu. P. 1 Peru . . 1820 
paucifl&ra . . Orange 6, G. Bu. P. \ Peru . . 1823 

Chrysis. See Helidnthus. 

Chrysobactron, Colenso. From chrysos, gold, 



CHR 



136 



CHR 



and bahtron, a staff. Flowers rich yellow. 
Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Liliaceae. The species 
are natives of boggy places, and the pot in 
which the plant grows should stand half im- 
mersed in water. Increase is by division. 
Hookeii . . Yellow 5, G. Her. P. 1 N. Zealand 1848 

Chrysobalanaceje. Trees and shrubs found 
principally in the tropical regions of Africa 
and America. Many bear eatable fruit, much 
esteemed in the countries where they grow. 

Chrysobalanus, Linn. From chrysos, gold, 
and balanos, an acorn ; some of the species 
bear yellow fruit. Linn. 12, Or. 1, Wat. Or. 
Chrysobalanacece. A genus of fruiting shrubs, 
. succeeding best when grown in a mixture of 
loam and peat ; increased by layers or cuttings 
in sand, under a glass. In the W. Indies 
the fruit of 0. Icaco is eaten, under the name 
of cocoa-plum. 

Icaco . . . White S. Ev. S. 10 W. Indies . 1752 
oblongifdlius . White 5, G. Ev. 8. 4 Georgia . . 1812 

Chrysobaphos. See Ancectochilus. 

Chrysob6trya. See Rlbes amcdsicwm, tenui- 
flbrum, sluA. fl&vum, 

ChrysOcalyx. See Crotalhria. 

Chrysooephalum, Walp. From chrysos, gold, 
and kephale, a head. Flowers. Linn. 19, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Asteraceos. Plauts with the 
habit of Helichrysum, and requiring the same 
treatment, 
arenarium . Yellow 5, H. Her. P. 1J Australia . 

Chrys6coma, De Candolle. From chrysos, gold, 
and koine, hair ; the stems are terminated by 
tufts of yellow flowers. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Asleracece. This is an ornamental genus 
of plants, the species growing from half a foot 
to six feet high ; they succeed best in a mix- 
ture of loam and peat, and cuttings taken off 
when ripe, root freely under a glass. See Bu- 
thamia, Ozoth&mnus. 

bifldra . . . Blue . 8, H. Her. P. 3 Siberia . . 1741 
eernua . . . White 7, G. Ev. S. 4 C. G. H. . 1712 
ciliaris . . . White 8, G. Ev. S. 4 C. G. H. . 1759 
Comaurea . . Yel. . 7, G. Ev. B. 6 C. G. H. . 1731 
denticulata . Yel. . 8, G. Ev. 8. 4 
tocunculol- j. yei 8> h Her p s g . b6ria _ ^ 

Lynosyris . . Yel. . 9, H. Her. P. 2 Europe . 1596 
nivea . . . Yel. . 7, G. Ev. S. 3 C. G. H. . 1816 
nudata . . . Yel. . 9, H. Her. P. \\ Carolina . 1818 
patula . . . Yel. . 7, G. Ev. S. 3 C. G. H. . 1810 
scabra . . White 8, G. Ev. 8. 4 C. G. H. . 1732 
squamata . . Yel. . 5, G. Her. P. 2 N. 8. W. . 1837 
vill&sa . . . Yel. . 8, H. Her. P. 1 Hungary . 1799 
virgata . . . Yel. . 9, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. . 1821 

Chrys<5gonum, Linn. From chrysos, gold, 
and gonu, a knee or joint; the flowers are 
generally produced at the joints of the stem. 
Linn. 19, Or. 4, Nat. Or. AsUracem. This is 
a very pretty herbaceous plant, that thrives 
best in peat and loam, and is increased by di- 
viding the roots. See Ledntica Chrysbgonum. 
virginianum . Yellow 5, H. Her. P. \ N. Amer. 

Chrysophyllum, Linn. From chrysos, gold, 
and phyllon, a leaf ; in allusion to the under 
surface of the leaves being covered with dense 
shining hairs of a bright yellow colour. Linn. 
5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Sapolaceoz. This is a fruit- 
bearing genus ; the species grow from fifteen 
to fifty feet high, and one species, C. macro- 



phyllum, attains the height of one hundred 
feet, with most splendid foliage ; they do well 
in a mixture of loam and peat ; and cuttings 
of the ripened wood root freely in sand under 
a glass, with a good moist heat. See Bwrnilia, 
and Nycterisllion. 

angustifdlium . White . 5, S. Ev. T. 20 W. Ind. . 1819 

argenteum . . White . 5, S. Ev. T. 25 Martinq. 1758 

Cainlto . . . White . 5, S. Ev. T. 50 W. Ind. . 1737 

cseruleum . . White . 5, 8. Ev. T. 35 S. Amer. 1737 

jamaicense . White . 5, 8. Ev. T. 35 Jamaica. 1737 

microplrylrum White . 5, S. Ev. T. 35 8. Amer. 1800 

glabrum . . . White . 5, 8. Ev. T. 10 Martinq. 1823 

macrophyllum. White . 5, 8. Ev. T. 100 S. Leone 1824 

monopyrenum. Brown. 5, S. Ev. T. 25 W. Ind. . 1812 

ChrysophIala. See Cobtorghia incarnata. 

Chrysop6gon, Trinius. From chrysos, gold, 
and pogon, a beard ; in allusion to the yellow 
awns. Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Graminacece. 
An uninteresting grass, that only needs to be 
sown in any common soil. Synonymes : 1, 
Andropbgon gri/llus, Hbleus grffllus, PolKnia, 
gryllus — gryllus 1. 

Chrys<5psis, Don. From chrysos, gold, and 
opsis, a face ; yellow flowers. Linn. 19, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Asteraceos. For culture, &c, see 
Inula. 
trichophylla . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. N. Amer. 1827 

ChrysorhIza. See Morinda. 

Chrysorrh6e, Lindley. From chrysos, gold, 
colour of flowers, and rheo, to flow. Linn. 10, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Chamaslauciacce. For culture, 
&c, see Mprtus. See Verticdrdia. 
nltens . . Yellow . 5, G. Ev. S. Swan R. . 
serrata . . Yellow . 5, G. Ev. 8. Swan B. . 1841 

Chrysosplenium, Linn. From chrysos, gold, 
and splen, the spleen ; in reference to the 
colour of the flowers, and the supposed medi- 
cinal virtues of the plant. Linn. 10, Or. 2, 
Nat. Or. Saxifragacece. This is a curious and 
rather pretty genus ; they require a moist 
situation. Our native species are found in the 
greatest perfection upon the banks of small 
rivulets ; increased by dividing the roots. 
alterni(61ium . Yellow 4, H. Her. P. i Brit. w. sh. pi. 
nepalense . . Yellow 4, H. Her. P. I Nepal . . 1820 
oppositif&lium Yellow 4, H. Her. P. | Brit. w. eh. pi. 

Chrysostemma, Lessing. From chrysos, gold, 
and stemma, a crown ; alluding to the colour 
of the flowers. Linn. 19, Or. 3, Nat. Or. 
Asteraceos. This very pretty species deserves 
to be cultivated in every flower-border. For 
culture and propagation see Coreipsis. Syno- 
nyme : 1, Corebpsis tripteris. 
tripteris . . Yellow . 8, H. Her. P. 6 N. Amer. 1837 

Chrys6stoma. See Mentzllia. 

Chrys6themis, Don. Named after Chryso- 
themis, daughter of Agamemnon. Linn. 14, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Gesneracecs. 'A genus sepa- 
rated from Besleria. Culture is the same as for 
Besleria and Gloxinia. Synonymes: 1, Bes- 
liria pulchilla; B. melisscefdlia, AllopUctus 
inellitijolia. 

aurantlaca . Yellow . 7, S. Her. P. 2 Antilles . 1849 
ven&sa 1 : . Yel. pur. 7, 8. Her. P. 4 W. Ind. . 1830 

CHRYsilRUS, Persoon. From chrysos, gold, and 
oura, a tail ; alluding to the compact heads of 
flowers. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Graminacece. 



CHU 



137 



CIN 



This is a genus of grasses, some of which are 
very ornamental ; they only require to be sown 
in any common soil. Synonymes: 1, 0. eynosuro- 
\des, Cynosurus aureus; 2, Cynosurus Regans. 
effusus . . . Apetal . 7, H. Grass 1 S. Europe 1824 
elegans 2 . . Apetal . 7, H. Grass 1 S. Europe 1816 
aureus 1, echinatus. 

Chu-Lan. See Chlordnthus elatior. 

Chumbblbe. See Jasminum grandiflbrum. 

CHUQUIRAGA, De Candolle. Linn. 19, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Asteracece. For culture, see Bacazia. 
insignia . . Yellow . 5, G. Ev. S. 2 S. America 1824 

Chueras. See Cannabis sativa. 

Chussal6nga. See Ewpatorium glulindsum. 

Chtmooarptjs, D. Don. From chymos, juice, 
and carpos, a seed-vessel ; fruit juicy. Linn. 
8, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Tropceolacece. See Tro- 
pceolum. 

■ChVsis, Lindley. From chysis, melting ; be- 
cause the pollen- masses are as it were fused 
together. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Or- 
chidaceoe. These are splendid and very rare 
species. In their native countries they are 
found growing suspended by long fibrous roots 
from the branches of trees, so that the pseudo- 
bulbs, which grow to a great length (and 
which are also very brittle), hang downwards, 
and wave in the wind. The flowers are very 
showy, the colours bright, the texture firm, 
and the surface even and waxy. The label- 
lums are beautifully marked. They succeed 
well with the treatment recommended for the 
genus Vanda. Synonyme : 1, ft aibrea Liin- 
minghi. 

aiirea . . . Tel. crim. . 4, S. Epi. 1 Venezuela 1834 
maculata . Y. p. sp. . 3, S. Epi. 1 Colombo . 1850 
bractescens . Wh. yel. . 4, S. Epi. 1 Mexico . 1840 
larris . . . Yel. spot . S, S. Epi. 1 Mexico . 1839 
Limmfnghi 1 Ro.yel.wht. 3, S. Epi. 1 

Chytracuiia. See Calyptrdnthes ChylracMia. 

Cibarious, good for food, esculent. 

Cib6tium, Kaulfuss. From Hbotos, a little 
chest ; in reference to the form of the indu- 
sium. Linn. 24, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Polypodi&cece. 
ft Billardibri is a tree fern from N. Holland, 
where it grows to the height of thirty feet ; it 
requires to be grown in a mixture of loam and 
peat, and is increased by dividing the roots. 
Synonymes : 1, Aspidium Bar&metz, Cibbtium 
g'lauce'scens, ft glaucum, Polypbdium Barb- 
metz, Nephrbdium Barbmelz; 2, Dicksbnia 
antarctica. 

Bar6metz 1 . Bro. yel. . 5, S. Her. P. 2 China . 1824 
Billardieri2. Brown . 4, G. Her. P. 30 N. Hoi. . 1824 
prlnceps . . Brown . 4, S. Her. P. 
Schiedei . . Brown . 4, S. Her. P. 2 Mexico. 1846 

CfcCA, linn. Supposed to be a man's name. 
Linn. 21, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Euphorbi&ceas. It is 
a fruit-tree, growing to the height of twenty 
feet ; it thrives best in sandy loam, and strong 
cuttings root freely if planted with their leaves 
on in sand, under a glass, 
disticha . . Green . 5, S. Ev. T. 20 E. Indies . 1796 

Cicely. See Chcerophyllum. 

Cicendia, Adcmson. Linn. 4. Or. 1, Nat. Or. 

Gentianacece. See Exacum and Microcdle. 
CIcer, Tournefort. From kylcis, _ force, or 
strength ; in reference to its qualities. Linn. 



17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Fabctcecs. This genus is 
cultivated in the south of Europe for the same 
purpose as the lentil in this countiy ; it only 
requires to be sown in common soil, but it is 
too delicate for field culture in this country. 
See Ervum. 

arietlnum . . Purple . 7, H. A. 1 S. Eur. . 1548 
punctatum . Pu. wh. 7, H. A. 1 1830 

songaricum . Blue . 7, H. A. 1 Persia . 1828 

CIcer. See Astragalus Cicer. 

Cich6rium, Linn. The Greeks adopted this 
name from the Egyptians. Lin/n. 19, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Asteracece. This is a genus of unin- 
teresting plants, with the exception of ft En- 
divia, which is very valuable as a salad ; the 
tender species should be sown on a hotbed, 
and afterwards transplanted. 
Endivia . . Blue . . 7, H. A. 2 E. Ind. 1548 

I'ntybus . . Blue . . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Brit, gravel 

divaricatum, pumilum, spinbsum. 

Cic6nium, Sweet. From ciconia, a stork ; same 
meaning as Pelargbnium. Linn. 16, Or. 4, 
Nat. Or. Geraniacece. See Pelargbnium. 

CictJTA, Linn. A name of doubtful meaning, 
used by Pliny. Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Apiaeeoe. The species of this genus are of 
little interest, growing from one to three feet 
high ; they delight in a humid situation, and 
are easily raised from seeds. The roots of ft 
virbsa are poisonous. See Pirula. 
maculata . White . 7, H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. . 1759 
virisa . . White . 7, H. Her. P. 8 Brit, ditches 

bulbifera, daurica. 
Cider is the expressed juice of apples. 
Cill-e, hairs like those of the eyelash. 
CiliARIA. See Saxifraga. 

ciL™l^ ksh - hairad - 

Ciliary-scabrous, having rough ciliated mar- 
gins. 

Ciliately-toothed, having teeth like the hairs 
of the eyelash. 

Ciliately-plumose, having long hairs on the 
edges, like the feathers of a quill. 

ClMIcfFUGA, Linn. From cimex, a bug, and 
fugo, to drive away ; referring to the virtues 
which the plants are supposed to possess. 
Linn. 13, Or. 5, Nat. Or. Banunculacece. A 
curious genus ; the species grow from two to 
four feet high. They thrive well in any com- 
mon soil, and are increased by seeds, or by di- 
viding the roots. SynonymeS: 1, Actdsa'po- 
docarpa; 2, A. cimioijuga. 

americana 1 . Wht. yel. 7, H. Her. P. 2 Carolina . 1824 
cordifblia . Wht. yel. 6, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 1812 
fdetida 2 . . Lgt. yel. . 6, H. Her. P. 4 Siberia . 1777 
palmata . . Wht. yel. 7, H. Her. P. 4 N. Amer. 1812 
Serpentina . Wht. yel. 6, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 1732 

Cinch6na, Linn. In honour of the Countess 
de Cinchon, vice-queen of Peru, who was cured 
of a fever in 1638 by this remedy. Linn. 5, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. Cinchonacece. It is from this 
genus that the celebrated Peruvian bark is ob- 
tained ; it is not common in collections, owing 
to its being rather difficult to keep. The best 
soil for it is loam and peat ■; and cuttings, if 
taken off when ripe, and planted in a pot of 
sand, under a glass, in heat, will strike. Sy- 



CIN 



138 



CIN 



nonymes: 1, C. Condaminea, lancifolia, aca- 
demica, Quinquina. See Hymenodictyon, Lu- 
culia, Exost&mma. 

Calisaya . . Ro. wht. 7, S. Ev. S. 6 Peru . . 184S 
officinalis 1 . Red . . 7, S. Ev. T. 15 Peru . . 1810 
scSbra . . . Red . . 7, S. Ev. S. 6 Peru . . 1820 

Cinchonac&&!. A large order, consisting of 
trees, shrubs, and Herbs, natives of the hottest 
parts of the world. Some possess powerful 
medicinal properties, others produce eatable 
fruit, and others are used for food. All are 
interesting. 

CiNCLiDbTtrs, Beauvois. From Tcigklis, lattice, 
and odous, a tooth : the teeth of the peristome 
are united in parcels, in a peculiarly netted 
maimer. Linn. 24, Or. 5, Nat. Or. Bryacem. 
A pretty genus, belonging to Musci, found 
growing in streams of fresh water. Synonyme : 
1, Fontin&lis minor — fontinaloldes 1. 

Cineraria, Linn. From cineres, ashes ; refer- 
ring to the soft white down which covers the 
surfaces of the leaves. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. 
Or. Asteracece. This is a pretty genus of plants, 
the species of which grow generally from one 
to three feet high ; they thrive best in a mix- 
ture of loam and peat, and young cuttings root 
freely under a glass. See Agathcea, Pericdllis, 
Senecillis, and Senhyio. Synonymes : 1, Senecio 
racembsus; 0. ambigua, nebrndinsis; 2, 0. par- 
mflora; 3, C. ovirinsis ; 4, C. integrifblia, Ion- 
gifblia: 5, Ligularia macrophglla. 
Aitoniana . . Yellow 7, S. Ev. S. 1 
filba .... White. 2, 6. Ev. S. 1 C. G. H. . 1825 
alpestris . . . Yellow 5, H. Her. P. \ Swtzerld. 1819 
alplna. . . . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. \ Swtzerld. 1819 
americaua . . Yellow 7, S. Ev. S. 7 Grenada . 1825 
angustif61ia. . Yellow 7, G. Ev. S. 1J Mexico .1825 
aurantlaca . . Orange 6, H. Her. P. | Swtzerld. 1819 
aurea .... Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1827 
auriculata . . Yellow 8, H. Her. P. 8 .1 831 

aurlta. . . . Purple 6, G. Ev. S. 1$ Madeira . 1777 
blcolorl . . . Yellow 7, G. Ev. S. 2 Austria . 
cacaloldes . . Yellow 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1816 
campestris . . Yellow 5, H. Her. P. £ Europe . 
canadensis . . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 2 Canada . 1739 
canescens 2 . . Yellow 6, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1790 
caucasica . Yellow 7, G. Her. P. 1J C. G. H. . 1759 

crasfifblia 3 . . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 1 Carinthia 1827 
crfspa. . . . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 2 Swtzerld. 1818 
cruenta . . . Purple 2, G. Ev. S. 2 Canaries . 1777 
discolor . . . White. 7, S. Ev. S. 4 Jamaica . 1804 
elatior . . . White. 7, G. Her. P. 5 ' 
getfMia . . . Yellow 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1710 
gigantea . . . White. 7, H. Her. P. 1J CapeHm. 1801 
glabrata . . . Yellow 7, S. Ev. S. l| Jamaica . 1822 
humifusa . . Yellow 7, G. Her. P. j C. G. H. . 1754, 
hybrlda . . . Yellow 2. G. Ev. S. 2 
incana . . . Yellow 7, G. Ev. S. 2 \ Jamaica . 1828 
Integrifolia . . Yellow 5, H. Her. P. J BngL cha. pa. 
lactea .... White. 6, G. Ev. S. 8 . 1816 

lanata. . . . Purple 6, G. Ev. S. 3 Canaries . 1780 
tevigata . . . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1819 
lobata . . . Yellow 7, G. Ev. S. 3 C. G. H. . 1774 
longifdlia . . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 2 Austria . 1792 
lucida. . . . Yellow 7, S. Ev. S.' 2 W. Ind. . 
macrophylla5 . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 6 Altai mts. 1831 
malv£ef61ia . . Yellow 8, G Her. P. 2 Azores . 1777 
maritima . . Yellow 8, H. Ev. S. 2 S. Eur. . 1633 
paMstrls . . . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. 3 Eng. marsh, 
papp&sa . . . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. JGallicia .1821 

• parvifldra . . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 2 Caucasus. 1820 
Petasites . . Yellow 2, G. Ev. S. 3 Mexico . 1812 
platanifdlia . . Yellow 7, G. Ev. S. 2 
populifolia . . Red . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 Canaries . 1780 
precox . . . Yellow 2, G. Ev. S. 1} Mexico . 1824 
pulchella • . Purple 2, G. Ev. S. \\ Canaries . 1818 
racem&sa . . Yellow 7, H, Her. P. 1 Caucasus. 1S20 



renifdlia . . . Yellow 5, H. Her. P. li Russia . 1833 
rivularis . . . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 1 Hungary .1816 
salicifolia . . Yellow 7, G. Ev. 8. 2$ Mexico . 1897 
soapifl&ra . . Yellow 7, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1829 
sibirica . . . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 4 Siberia . 1784 
spatulsefdlia 4 . Yellow 5, H. Her. P. } Germany. 1829 
speciosa . . . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 6 Siberia . 1815 
sudetica . . . Yellow 7, H. Her. P. 1J Swtzerld. 1819 
tussilaginoldes 

W |na h °" 5e ."l Red • 4 ' G - Her - P - 2 H y brid - • 1S35 
vestlta ' .' .-' . Yellow G. Ev. S. 1} C. G. H. . 1824 
viscosa . . . Yellow 7, G. B. 2 C. G. H. . 1774 

Webberiana . Dp. bl. 3, G. Her. P. 2 Hybrid. . 1841 
Garden varieties. — Of these there are a great 
number, amongst which may be mentioned, 
Baronesse de Rothschild, Delicata, Delight, 
Duchesse de Brabant, Earl Clarendon, Em- 
peror of French, Lady Camoys, Lord Pal- 
merston, MagnumBonum, Mrs.Hoyle, Optima, 
Prince Albert, Prince of Wales, Regalia, &c. 

Cineraria. See ArctbtU Cineraria and Ceri- 
tauria Oinerhria. 

Cinereous, coloured like ashes, grey. 

Cinereously-canescent, between white and 
ash-coloured. 

Cinereously-glaucous, between sea-green and 
ash-coloured. 

Cinereously-pubescent, covered with grey 
pubescence. 

Cingalese, inhabitants of, or belonging to 
Ceylon. 

CfNNA, Lmn. The ancient name of a grass 
growing in Cilicia. Linn. 1, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Gramin&cece. This is a curious grass, that 
succeeds well sown in any common soil. See 
Trichdchloa. 
arundinacea . . Apetal 6, H. Grass S Canada . 1799 

Cinnamodendron. See Oanilla axillaris. 

Cinnamomum, R. Brown. Derived from the 
Arabic, Mnamon, cinnamon. Linn. 9, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Lauracem. This is a genus of stove 
plants of considerable beauty, and some of 
them are highly valuable. It is from the 
inner bark of O. virum that the cinnamon of 
commerce is obtained ; and O. cdmphora is the 
plant from which camphor is prepared. All 
the species succeed well in a mixture of loam 
and peat ; and cuttings of the ripened wood 
root freely in sand under a glass. Synonymes : 
1, LaHrus Beiolg&ta; 2, L. cdmpkora ; 3, L. 
cdssia, L. cinnambmum ; 4, L. Culilaban ; 5, 
L. dfilce, L. Burmdnni; 6, L. gla&ca; 7, L. 
grdcilis; 8, L. Malabatrum ; 9, L. montana; 
10, L. nitida; 11, L. cinnambmum,, cdssia. 
Beiolg6ta 1 . Yel. grn. 5, S. Ev. T. 35 E. Ind. . 1818 
Campkora 2 . Gn. wht. 5, 8. Ev. T. 20 Japan . 1727 
Cassia 3 . . Yel. gra. 6, S. Ev. T. 50 Ceylon . 1763 
Culilaban 4 . Yel. grn. 6, S. Ev. T. 20 B. Ind. . 1828 
dulce 5 . . . Whtyel. 6, 8. Ev. T. 40 E. Ind. . 1820 
glailcum 6 . Pa. yel. . 6, 8. Ev. T. 20 Japan . 1800 
gracile 7 . . Yel. grn. 5, S. Ev. T. 30 E. Ind. . 1820 
Malabatrum 8 Yel. grn. 5, S. Ev. T. 20 E. Ind. . 1805 
montanum 9'. Wht. gn. 5, S. Ev. T. 40 W. Ind. 1810 
nftidum 10 . White . 6, S. Ev. T. 20 E. Ind. . 1823 
verum 11 . . Green . 7, S. Ev. T. 80 E. Ind. . 1768 

Cinnamon. See Cinnambmum v&rum. 

Cinnamon of Isle of France. See Oreodaphne 
eupularis. 

Cinnamon of Santa Fe. See Nectdndra cinna- 
momoldes. 

Cinnamon of Ceylon. See Cinnambmum Cdssia. 



CIN 



139 



cm 



Cinqctbfoil. See Potentilla. 

ClPtJRA. See Mdrica. 

ClRG&A, Linn. After Circe, the famous en- 
chantress ; the fruit, from being covered with 
hooked prickles, lays hold of the clothes of 
passengers, as Circe is said to have done by 
her enchantments. Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat. Or, 
Onagrdcece. Ornamental species, growing in 
any common soil, and increased by offsets, 
alplna . . . Bed . 7, H. Her. P. i Brit, mounts, 
intermedia . Bed . 7, H. Her. P. £ Europe . 1821 
lutetiana . . Bed . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Brit, woods. 

ClRC.EACE.ai. See Onagracece. 

Circiital, resembling a circle. 

Circinate, culled round like a sheep crook. 

Circinately-revolute, curled round like a 
circle. 

CirrhAa, LindUy. The part of the flower 
called the rostellum is prolonged in the form 
of a small tendril or cirrhus ; hence the name. 
Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidacew. This 
is an interesting genus of orchideous plants. 
The flowers of all the species are of a green or 
yellowish colour ; and in some, the sepals and 
petals are beautifully spotted with rich orange. 
For culture and propagation see Stanhbpea. 
Synonymes : 1, Cymbidiwm depindcns ; 2, Gon- 
gora viridi-purpurea ; 3, C. fusco-lutea. 
albo-viridis . . Wht. grn. 6, S. Epi. } Brazil . 
atropurpurea . Drk. pur. 4, S. Epi. \ Mexico 
fusco-lutea . . Yel. grn. . 7, S. Epi. 1 Brazil . 
Loddigesii 1 . Yellowsh. 5, S. Epi. | Brazil . 
obtusata . . . Tel. red" . 0, S. Epi. j Bio Jan. 
pallida . . . Pale . . 5, S. Epi. | Brazil . 
picta .... Brn.pur. . 5, S. Epi. | Brazil . 
rilbro-purpurea Bed pur. . 5, S. Epi. J Brazil . 
Busseliiana. . Grn. red . 5, S. Epi. j Brazil . 
saccata 3 . . Yel. grn. . 8, S. Epi. 1 Brazil . 
squalens . . . Pale . . 5, S. Epi. \ Brazil . 
tristis .... Pur.grn. . 6, S. Epi. J Mexico 
™ dl P UJ P u - I Pur.grn. . 6, S. Epi. i Brazil . 
Warreana . . Yelsh. gn. 6, 8. Epi. i Brazil . 

Cirrhiferous, bearing tendrils, or claspers. 

ClRRHOPETALUM, LindUy. From cirrhus, a ten- 
" dril, and petalon, a petal ; in allusion to the 
form of the flowers, Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Orchidacece. 0. Thouarsii is a most singular 
species, with long, strap-shaped sepals, grow- 
ing from one side of the flowers, while the 
petals are very small, yellow, spotted finely 
with red. The rhizoma of this species elon- 
gates very much, and is in a growing state 
always at the extremity ; on this account it is 
requisite, in potting, to keep the active part 
nearest the side of the pot from which it 
grows away. The other species have much 
smaller flowers, without anything striking 
about them. For culture, &c, they may be 
referred to Stanhopea. Synonymies : 1, Ephip- 
pvwm ciliaiwm; 2, E. capitalum; 3, E. com- 
prissum; 4, E. elongatum ; 5, Bolbophpllum 
longiflbrurn, Zygogldssum umbellMum. 
antenniferum Brown . . 5, S. Epi. £ Philippns. 1843 
auratum . . YeLcrim. . 8, S. Epi. i Manilla . 
Blilmei . . . Yel. red . 8, S. Epi. 1 Java . , 
csespitdsum . Pa. yel. . 4. S. Epi. J Khooseea 
candelabrum . Straw pur. 7, S. Epi. 1 Manilla . 
capitatum 2 . Yel. orng. . 6, S. Epi. i Java . . 
chinense . . Pur. yel. . 5, S. Epi. i China . . 
compressum 3 Pur. yel. . 4, S. Epi. I Java . . 
cornutum . . Purple. . 8, S. Epi. 1 Khooseea. 1837 



1838 
1S38 
1S34 
1627 
1S35 
1S37 
1830 
1838 
1837 
1834 
1836 
1834 

1827 

1832 



Cumingii . . Ruby col. . 5, S. Epi. i PMlippns. 1S39 

elongatum 4 . Bed yel. . 5, 8. Epi. 1 Java . . 1843 

fimbriatum . Grn. pur. . 4, S. Epi. J Bombay . 1838 

Macriei . . . Brn. yel. . 4, 8. Epi. £ Ceylon . 1831 

maculatum . Pale grn. . 5, 8. Epi. § India . >. 1849 

maxillare . . Brn. yel. . 4, 8. Epi. f Philippns. 1843 

Medusas . . Spot, pink 5, 8. Epi. | Singapore 1839 

nutans . . . Pale straw 5, S. Epi. | Manilla . 1838 

picturatum . Pur. red . 3, 8. Epi. j E. Ind. . 1838 

Boxburghii . Yellow . 5, S. Epi. 1 E. Ind. . 1843 

Thouarsii 5 . Yel. brn. . 7, 8. Epi. 1 Soc. Isles. 1836 

umbellatum . Grn. bra. . 4, 8. Epi. 1 India . . 1838 

vaginatum . Pa. yel. . 4, S. Epi. i Singapore 1843 

WaUfchii . . Brown . . 3, S. Epi. f Nepanl . 1837 

OlRRHOSE, ) tendrilled, having claspers, like 

Cirrhous, ( the pea. 

CfRsiuM. See Chamcepeuce. 

OfRSlUM, Taillant. From Mrsos, a swelled vein ; 
from its supposed healing properties. Linn. 
19, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Asteracece. This is an 
ornamental genus of hardy herbaceous plants, 
that succeed well in any common soil, and are 
increased by dividing the roots, or by seeds. 
Synonymes: 1, Cnicus Acarna, Carllna Acarna ; 
2, Oarduus pratinsis ; 3, 0. arvSnsis, Serrd- 
' tula arvimis ; i, Cnicus h&rridus ; 5, Olrsium 
hOrridus ; 6, Cnicus nivalis ; 7, Gardutis cicho- 
rclceus ; 8, Cnicus cynaroides ; 9,Carduusfim- 
IriMus ; 10, Carduus gigdnteus, Cnicusfirmus; 
11, Cnicus el&tior; 12, Cnicus lieteromdllus ; 
13, Cnlfius kpbridus; 14, Cdrduus ignicirius ; 
15, Cnicus inirmis ; 16, Carduus itdlicus ; 17, 
Cnicus lanceolatus ; 18, Cnicus Uucoctplialus ; 
19, Cdrthmnusmare6ticus ; 20, Cnicus mhlius ; 
21, Cnicus gibber ; 22, Cnicus orienidlis ; 23, 
Cnicus paludbsus ; 24, Carduus paliistris ; 25, 
Carduus paniculMus ; 26, Cnicus pauciflarus ; 
27, Cnicus pazcuar&nsis ; 28, Cnicus yinnatifi- 
dus ; 29, Carduus polydnthemus ; 30, Cnicus 
pungens; 31, Carduus pyrenaims ; 32, Cnicus 
salisburginsis ; 33, Carlina Echinus ; 34, Cnicus 
strictus; 35, C. Verutus ; 36, Carduus virgin- 
ianus. See Heracantha, Leitzca, and Chamce- 



1840 
1S43 
1837 
1840 
1843 
1840 
1843 



Acarna 1 . 
acaule . . 
afrum . . 
altfssimum . 
ambiguum . 
angulatum 
ai-acnnoldeum 
bEBticum 5 . . 
Bertollni 4 . 
canum , . . 
carniolicum . 
Cassabdnaa 
cernuum . . 
Cervini . . . 
cichoraceum 6 
ciliatum . . 
cynaroides 7 . 
dealbatum 
desertorum . 
diacanthum . 
discolor . . 
echinatum 
echinoceph- ) 
alum . . J 
elatius 8 . . 
eri6phorum . 
Erisithales . 
ferox . . . 
fimbriatum 9 . 
giganteum 10 . 
glutinbsum . 
Gmellni . . 
Halleri . . . 



Purple . 8, 
Purple . 7, 
Purple . 6, 
Purple . 8, 
Purple . 7, 
Purple . 7, 
Purple . 7, 
Yellow. 7, 
Yellow. 7, 
Purple . 7, 
Pa. yel. 7, 
Purple . 7, 
Purple . 7, 
Purple. 7. 
Purple . 8, 
Purple . 8, 
Purple . 7, 
Purple. 7, 
Purple . 7, 
Purple . 7, 
Purple. 6, 
Purple . 8, 

Purple. 7, 

Purple. 8, 
Purple . 7, 
Pa. yel. 7, 
White . 7, 
Purple. 7, 
Crim. . 7, 
Pa. yel. 7, 
Purple. 8, 
Purple . 7, 



H. 


A. 2 Spain . 


1683 


H. 


Her. P. 1 Brit, past 




H. 


B. 2 Barbary 


1800 


H. 


Her. P. 6 ST. Amer. 


1726 


H. 


Her. P. 2 Mt. Cenis 1820 


H. 


Her. P. 2 Switzerld. 1819 


H. 


Her. P. 2 Tauria 


1818 


H. 


Her. P. 3 Spain . 


1824 


H. 


Her. P. 3 Italy . 


1820 


H. 


Bl. P. 4 Austria 


1633 


H. 


Her. P. 2 Carniola 


1792 


P. 


B. 3 8. Eur. 


1714 


H. 


B. 3 Mexico 


1827 


H. 


Her. P. 2 SwitzerL 


1825 


F. 


B. 3 Naples 


1816 


H. 


Her. P. 3 Siberia 


1787 


H. 


Her. P. 2 Crete . 


1827 


H 


B. 3 Caucasus 


1820 


H. 


Her. P. 3 Siberia 


1824 


P. 


B. 3 Syria . 


1800 


H 


B. 2 N. Amer 


1803 


H. 


Her. P. 1 Barbary 


1817 


H. 


Her. P. 2 Caucasus 


1826 


H. 


Her. P. 6 


1823 


H. 


B. 3 Brit. ch. 


}a. 


H, Her. P. 3 France 


1752 


H. 


B. 3 S. Eur. 


. 1683 


H 


Her. P. 3 Caucasus 


. 1816 


H 


B. 5 Sicily . 


. 1820 


H. 


Her. P. 2 S. Eur. 


. 1816 


H 


Her. P. 3 Russia 




H 


Her. P. 4 S. Eur. 


'1816 



CIS 



140 



CIS 



helenioldes . Purple . 7, 

h it£°r: }p»n*..», 

heteroph^- I purple 7] 

h<5iriduml2 .Purple, 
hybridum 13 . Pa. yel 
igniariuin 14 . Purple 
incanum . . Purple 
inerme 15 . . Purple , 
italicum 16 . Purple . 
lacteum . . Pa. yel. 7, 
lanceolatum 1 7 Purple 
lanifldrum . Purple 
lappaceum . Purple . 7, 
"ph°:}YeLwt.7: 

mare<5ticum 19 White 
medium 20 . Purple 
mexicanum "White 
mite .... Purple . 7. 

m izr su :}r-pie. 6 ; 



H. Her. P. 4 Siberia . 1804 
H. B. 8 Nepal . . 1820 

H. Her. P. 2 Brit, hills. 

, H. B. 1 Iberia . . 1823 

, H. Her. P. 2 Switzerld. 1819 

, H. B. 2 Russia . 1826 

, H. B. 3 Caucasus . 1820 

, H. Her. P. 3 . 1824 

, H. B. 3 Italy . . 1815 

, H. Her. P. 2 Switzerld. 1819 

H. B. 3 Britain, banks. 

H. Her. P. 2 Tauria . 1819 

H. B. 3 Caucasus. 1821 

H. Her. P. 2 Crete . . 1816 

P. Her. P. 2 Egypt . . 1827 
H. Her. P. 3 Piedmont 1819 
G. B. 4 Mexico . 1837 

H. Her. P. 3 Siberia . 1820 



munltum 
muticum 21 
negleetum . 
nudinbrum 
obvallatum 



. Purple 
. Purple 
. Purple . 7, 
. Purple . 8 : 
Purple 



ochroleucum . Pa. yel. 7, 
oleraceum . . Pa. yel. 7. 
orgyale . . . Purple . 7 
orientale 22 . Purple . 7 
paludosum 23 Purple . 7 

*" .jrurp.e.6, 
paucifldrum26 Purple 
pazcua- 

rense 27 
phmatifi- 

dum 28 
polyanthe- 
mum 29 
pungena 



[■ Purple . 7 : 
J Purple 



} 



Pink . 6. 

. Purple. 7, 
pyrenalcum31 Purple . 7, 
rlgens . . Yellow . 7, 
rivulare . . White . 7, 
rhizocephalum Pa. yel. 6, 
rufdseena . . White . 7, 
Salisbur- ) t>„„„-,„ h 

ge-nse32 . f *™&* . 1, 
scleranthum 33 Pa. wht. 7, 
aemipecti- ) 

natum . J 
serratuloldea 
serrulatum 
pc to sum 

aquarr&sum . Purple 



Pa.wM. 7, 

. Purple . 8, 
. Purple . 7 
. Purple . 6. 



H. Her. P. 2 Montp. 



1596 



H. Her. P. 8 Caucasus. 1816 
H. Her. P. 2 N. Amer. . 1820 
H. Her. P. 2 Siberia . 1827 
H. Her. P. 2 Switzerld. 1817 
H. Her. P. 3 Caucasus. 1816 
H. Her. P. 2 Switzerld. 1801 
H. Her. P. 3 Europe . ) 570 
H. Her. P. 6 . 1828 

H. B. 3 Asia Min. 1827 

H. Her. P. 3 Switzerld. 1819 

H. B. 2 S. Eur. . 1781 

H. B. 3 Hungary .1816 

H. B. 3 Mexico . 1827 

H. A. 2 Spain . . 1820 

H. B. 2 Rome . . 1739 

H. B. 3 S. Eur. . 1820 

H. Her. P. 3 Pyrenees. 1816 
H. Her. P. 1 Switzerl. . 1775 
H. Her. P. 3 Hungary. 1804 
H. Her. P. 2 Caucasus . 1836 
H. Her. P. 3 Pyrenees. 1816 

H. Her. P. 3 Europe . 1816 

H. B. 2 Caucasus . 1820 

H. Her. P. 3 Siberia 



, 1819 

. 1762 
. 1819 
. 1822 



H. Her. P. 3 Siberia 
H. Her. P. 3 Tauria 
H. A. 1 Silesia 

H. Her, P. 3 Switzerl. . 1759 

H. B. 3 Siberia . 1818 

H. A. 2 Italy . . 1665 

H. Her. P. 2 Naples . 1819 
H. B. 2 Caucasus . 1825 

H. Her. P. 1 Levant . 1771 
H. Her. P. 1 Siberia . 1775 
H. Her. P. 3 Eng. woods. 
H. Her. P. 8 Caucasus. 1820 
H. B. 4 Nepal . . 1820 

H. Her. P. 3 Virginia . 1824 



stellatum . . Purple . 6. 

strlctum 34 . Purple . 8 

etrigdsum . . Purple . 8, 

syrlacum . . Purple . 7 ; 

tatancum . . White . 7. 

tuberosum . Purple 

uliginbsum . Purple . 6 

verutum 35 . Purple 
virginianum36 Purple 

dnglicwm 2, arvense 3, Forstbn, paltistre 24. 
Cissampelos, Linn. From kissos, ivy, and 
ampelos, a vine, having the character of the 
ivy in its rambling tranches, and that of the 
vine, from the fruit being in racemes. Linn. 
22, Or. 13, Nat. Or. Menispermacece. This is 
a genus of beautiful stove climbers ; the species 
thrive well in a sandy peat, and are increased 
by cuttings planted in sand, under a glass. 
See Menisptrmum. 

caapeba . . . Green . 7. S. Ev. Tw. 4 S. Amer. . 1733 
capensis . . Green . 7. G. Ev. Tw. 6 C. G. H. . 1775 
hirsilta . . . Tl.grn. 7, G. Ev. Tw. 6 Nepal . . 1810 
mauritiana . Yl.grn. T, S. Ev. Tw. 6 Mauritius 1824 



microcarpa . Yl.gm. 7, S. Ev. Tw. 6 W. Ind. . 1S23 
Parelra . . . Green. 7, S. Ev. Tw. 6 S. Amer. . 1738 

Cfsstrs, Limij From the Greek, kissos, ivy ; 
said also to come from the Arabic word, gissos, 
signifying the same plant. Linn. 4, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Vitacece. This is a genus of climbers, 
some of the species of which are very orna- 
mental ; they are free growers, and delight in 
a light rich soil. Cuttings are easily rooted 
under a glass in a moist heat. See Ampelcpsis. 
Synonyme: 1, C. heterophtflla. 
acida . . . Green 6, S. Ev. CI. 6 Jamaica . 1692 
antarctica . . Green 7, G. Ev. CI. 20 N. S. W. . 1790 
capensis . . Green 7, G. Ev. CI. 25 C. G. H. . 1792 
c*sia . . . Green 6, S. Ev. CI. 12 S. Leone . 1822 
discolor . . Green 8, S. Ev. CI. 15 Java . . .1854 
diversifblia 1 . Green 7, S. Ev. CI. 10 . 1822 

elongata . . Green 7, G. Ev. CI. 10 E. Ind. . 1818 
glanduldsa . Green 7, S. Ev. CI. 10 E. Ind. . 1819 
glauca . . . Green 7, S. Ev. CI. 10 E. Ind. . 1818 
marmdrea . . Green 6, S. Ev. CI. 6 Java . . . 1852 
ovata . . . Green 6, S. Ev. CI. 10 Guadaloup. 1822 
pentaplrylla . Green 7, G. Ev. CI. 6 Japan . . 1790 
puncticul&sa . Green 6, S. Ev. CI. 10 Cayenne . 1818 

q iAris ra T'. } Green 6 ' S - Bt - C1 - 25 E ' Ind - " 1790 

quinata ' . . Green 7, G. Ev. CI. 10 C. G. H. . 1790 

Sicyoldes . . Green 6, S. Ev. CI. 10 Jamaica . 1768 

trifoliata . . Green 7, S. Ev. CI. 6 E. Ind. . . 1818 

trilobata . . Green 7, S. Ev. CI. 10 E, Ind. . . 1822 

velutma . . Bd.gn.6, S. Ev. CI. 8 Malacca . 1859 

vitigmea . . Green 6, 8. Ev. CI. 20 India . 1772 

adnata, alaia, omgustifolia, auriculata, car- 
ndsa, Icbtifblia, microcarpa, •orientalis, quin- 
quefdlia, ripens, smilaAna. 

Cistace^;, or Rock-roses. A small order con- 
sisting of dwarf and trailing shrubs and her- 
baceous plants, mostly with showy, fugitive 
flowers. The resinous balsamic substance 
kuown as Ladanum is obtained from Cistus 
Ledon, Creticus, and others. All deserve cul- 
tivation. 

CfsTUS, Tournefort. From the Greek, leistos, 
which is derived from histe, meaning a box 
or capsule ; on account of the remarkable 
shape of the capsule. Linn. 13, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Cistacece. This is a beautiful genus of 
plants, varying in height from one to four 
feet ; they are considered hardy, but some of 
them require protection in winter, either in a 
greenhouse or cold frame ; most of the species, 
however, will pass the winter in the open 
ground, if the weather be not very severe ; but 
the best plan is to keep some of all the sorts 
in pots, that they may be more easily pro- 
tected from severe weather, when they may be 
turned out in the borders in spring, where 
they will flower freely. They do well in com- 
mon soil, and are increased by layers, or 
ripened cuttings placed under a glass, or seeds. 
Synonymes ; 1, ft salmjolius ; 2, O. ladani- 
ferus, slenophj/llus ; 3, O. imdulatus ; 4, ft 
villbsus, vir&scens ; 5, O. Jadanifcrus, undu- 
lalus ; 6, Ginista fragrans; 7, C. symphiti- 
fblius, Bertholletianus, ochrealus, candidis- 
simus, Rhodoclstus leucophpUw. 
acutifblius 1 . white . 8, H. Ev. S! 1 S. Eur. . . 
albidus . . . Pa.pur. 6, H. Ev. S. 2 Spain . . . 1640 
asperif&lius .. White . 6, H. Ev. S. 2 S. Eur. . . 
candidissimus Pa. red 6, H. Ev. S. 4 Canaries . 1817 
cauescens . . Red . 6, H. Ev. S. 3 
Clilsii . . . White . 6, H. Ev. S. 8 Spain . . 1810 
complicatus . Red . 6, H. Ev. S. 3 Spain . . 1818 



CIS 



141 



OLA 



CorboriensiB . White . 
cordifdlius . White . 
creticus . . Pur. . 

tauricus . . Pur. . 
crispus . . . Pur. . 
Cupanianus . White . 
cymdsus . . Pur. . 
cyprius 2 . White . 
Dunalianus 3. Pur. . 
florenthms . White . 
fragrans . . White . 
guttatus . . White . 
neterophyllua Pur. . 
hirsutus . . White . 
incanua. , . Pur. 
ladauiferus . White . 

albifldrus . White . 

maculatua . White . 
latifdlius . White . 



. White . 
.White. 
. White . 
. White . 
. Yellow. 



laurif dlius . 
laxus . . 
Ledon . . 
longifolius 
lusit&nicus 
monapelienais White 
oblongifolius . White . 
obtusifblius . White . 
parviflorus . Pa. red ' 
platysepalua . Red 
populifdliua . White . 
psUosepalus . White . 
purpureua . Pur. . 
rotundifoliua4Pur. . 
salvif&liua . . White . 

erectiuaculus White . 

ochroleucua . Yelsh. . 
serfceua . . Eed 
undulatua 5 . White . 
vaginatus 7 . Pa.pur. 
vil!6su8. . Pur. . 



H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. S. 
P. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. S. 
P. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. S. 
H.'Ev. S 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. 8. 
H. Ev. S. 
H. Ev. 8. 



1 Spain 

4 

1 Levant 

1 Tauria 

2 Portugal 
2 Sicily 

3 

4 Greece 

2 

2 Italy . 



2 Algiers 
2 Portugal 
2 8. Eur. 
4 Spain 
4 Spain 
4 Spain 
4 Barbary 
4 Spain . 
2 Spain . 

1 France 

4 S. Europe 

2 Portugal 

2 S. Europe 

3 S. Europe 

3 Crete 
4 

3 Spain . . 
3 

2 

2 S. Eur. . 

2 8. Eur. . 

2 

2 

2 Spain 

4 S Eur. . 

2 Teneriffe 

3 S. Eur. . 



. 1656 
, 1800 
. 1731 
. 1817 
. 1656 



, 1656 
. 1596 
. 1629 

' 1700 

'. 1731 
, 1656 
. 1730 
. 1800 
. 1830 
. 1656 



. 1800 
. 1656 



. 1826 
. 1800 
. 1770 
.1640 



Cistus Ledum. See Cistus Ledon. 

Cistuseapes. See. Cytinhcece. 

Citharexylum, Linn. From Teithara, a lyre, 

and xylon, wood, erroneously supposed to be 

applicable to making musical instruments ; 

hence the name fiddle- wood. Linn. 14, Or. 2, 

Nat. Or. Yerbenaceoz. An ornamental genus ; 

'the species, vary in height from six to ten feet. 

They thrive best in a mixture of peat and 

loam, and cuttings root freely in sand, under 

a glass. Synonyme : 1, O. erietum. 

caudatum 1 . White . 6, S. Ev. T. 20 Jamaica . 1763 

cinereum . . White . 6, 8. Ev. T. 15 W. Ind. . 1739 

eyanocarpum. White . 6, S. Ev. T. 12 

dentatum . . White . 7, 8. Ev. T. 15 E. Ind. . 1824 

. 7, S. Ev. T. 15 W. Ind. . 1816 

. 7, S. Ev. St 6 Porto Rico 1815 

. 6, S. Ev. T. 50 Jamaica . 1759 

. 6, S. Ev. T. 15 E. Ind. . 1824 

. 7, S. Ev. T. 15 W. Ind. . 1820 

. 7, S. Ev. T. 10 St. Domin. 1784 

ClTRlOBATUS, Cunningham. Derived from ci- 
tros, a citron, and batos, a thorn ; in reference 
to the small orange-coloured fruit, which re- 
sembles an orange ; hence it is called by the 
colonists orango thorn. . Linn. 5, Or. 1, Hat. 
Or. Pittosporacem. The species of this little- 
known genus will probably be found to suc- 
ceed best in sandy peat, and a little loam, well 
mixed. The pots should be carefully drained, 
multifldra . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 3 N. HoU. . 1818 
paueiflora . White . 6, G. Ev. S. 3 N. HoU. . 1822 

Citron. See Citrus medica. 

Citronella. See Tularemia. . 

Citron fingered. See ' SarcoddctyKs. 

CiTRULLUS. See Cucumis Citrtillus. 

GfTRUS, Linn. This genus is said to have its 



molle . . . White , 
pentandrum . White , 
quadrangulare White . 
aericeum . White . 
subserratum . White . 
villdsum . . White . 



name from the town Citron, iu Judea. Linn. 
18, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Awantiacece. This is an 
ornamental genus of fruit trees, growing from 
three to fifteen feet high ; they thrive best in 
a good loamy soil, mixed with a quantity of 
rotten dung. They do not like much pot- 
room, nor too much water, when in a growing 
state. The different kinds are procured by 
budding or grafting on common stocks, which, 
as soon as operated upon, should be placed in 
some close frame, in, a moderate dung heat. 
Stocks for working upon are raised, from any 
oranges, lemons, &c. They are sometimes 
raised from cuttings, in which case they pro- 
duce fruit when very small plants. See Seve- 



angulata . 


White 


6, G. Ev. T. 15 E. Ind. 




Aurantium 


White 


6, G. Ev. T. 15 Asia 


1595 


buxifdlia 


White 


6, G. Ev. S. 3 China . 




decumana . 


White 


6, G. Ev. T. 12 India 


1724 


delicidsa . 


White 


4, G. Ev. T. 10 China 




Irystrix . . 


White 


6, G, Ev. T. 15 E. Ind. 




jap6nica . 


White 


6, G. Ev. T. 5 Japan 




Limgtta . 


White 


6, G. Ev. T. 8 Asia . 


1648 


Limdnum . 


White 


6, G. Ev. T. 12 Asia . 


1648 


madurenais 


White 


6, G. Ev. T. China . 




margarlta . 


White 


. 6, G. Ev. T. 12 China . 




medica . . 


White 


6, G. Ev. S. 8 Asia . 




ndbilia . . 


. White 


6, G. Ev. S. 15 China . 


1805 


minor . . 


White 


. 6, G. Ev. 8. 12 China . 


1805 


apinosissima 


. White 


6, G. Ev. T. 15 Cayenne 




vulgaris . 


White 


6, G. Ev. T. 15 Asia . 




myrtifdlia 


White 


6, G. Ev. S. 4 Asia. . 




Cladanthus 


, Cassini. From Mados, a branch, 



Synonyme: 1, 



1£ Barbary 
1 Canaries 



1759 
1829 



1820 

1820 
1S23 



and anthos, a flower ; referring to the situa 
tion of the flowers. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Asteracece. Interesting dwarf plants, of simple 
culture. C. ardbicus is a pretty annual, growing 
about a foot and a half high ; it only requires 
to be sown in common soil, 
Anthemis ardbica. 
arahicus 1 . Yellow . 7, H. A. 
' canescens . Yellow . 6, F. Ev. S. 

ClAdium, P. Browne. From Mados, a branch 
or twig ; referring to the appearance of the 
plant. Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Cyperacece, 
The species are curious, and best cultivated in 
wet boggy soil. Synonyme : 1, Schdsnus aciitus. 
glomeratum . Apetal . 6, G. Grass. 4 N. Holl. . 1816 
junceum . . Apetal . 7, G. Grasa. 4 N. Holl. 
occidental . Apetal . 5, 8. Grass. 3 Jamaica 
schoenoldes 1 Apetal . 7, G. Grass. 4 N. Holl. 

germanicum. 
CladochAta, Be Candolle. Linn. 19, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Asteracece. Plants of easy culture, 
growing in loam and sandy heath mould, and 
increased by division of the roots and seeds, 
candidissima . Yellow . 7, H. Her. P. Caucasus 1819 

Clad6nia. See Cen6myce. 

Cladosp6rium, Link. From Mados, a branch, 
and spora, a sporule ; on account of the spo- 
rules being attached to the .branches of the 
fungi. Linn. 24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Botrytacecs. 
Minute species of Fungi, found most fre- 
quently upon old decaying wood — Aerbarum, 
velutinum. 

CladOstachys, D. Don. From Mados, a branch, 
and stachys, a spike ; in reference to the man- 
ner of its flowering. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Amarantacew. The species possess little 



CLA 



142 



CLE 



beauty. For culture, &c, S3e Achyrdnthes. 
Synonymes : 1, Achyrdnthes altemifolia, Des- 
mochteia alUrnifblia ; 2, A. muricata, Cha- 
missoa muricata. 

alternifblia 1 . Purple . 9, G. B. 1 B. Ind. . 1789 
frutescens 2 . Green . 9, S. Bv. S. 4 B. Ind. . 1777 

Clad(5stephus, A gardh. From klados, a branch, 
and stephos, a crown ; in reference to the 
whorled branches. Linn. 24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. 
Fuc&cece. Marine productions, of an interest- 
ing character — myriophffllum, spongidsus. 

Cladostyles. See Evdlimlus. 

Clairvil'lea. See Cacbsmia. 

Clammy, viscid, sticky. 

Clammy Cherry. See Cbrdia collocbcca. 

Clandestine, hidden, secret, private. 

Clarkia, Pursh. In honour of Captain Clarke, 
who accompanied Captain Lewis in his jour- 
ney to the Kocky Mountains. Linn. 8, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Onagracece. A genus of annuals, 
which make a beautiful display in the flower- 
borders during summer. They succeed well 
merely sown in the open ground, where they 
are to flower ; seeds ripen in great plenty, 
elegans . . Eo. pur. . 7, H. A. 1$ California 18S2 
flbre-pleno Pa. rose . 9, H. A. l| Gardens . 1827 

rh dea b0i " } Pur P le ■ 8 . H - A ' H 2T- Amer. 1823 

gauroldea . Pink . . 8, H. A. 1 California 1835 

pulchella . Purple . 6, H. A. U N. Amer. 1826 

flbre-Slbo . White . . 6, H. A. lj N. Amer. 1826 

marginata. Pur. wht 6, H. A. l| N. Amer. 1830 

m piSa } Pur P Ie • «. H - A - H N - Amsr. 1830 
pulcherriuia Purple . 6, H. A. 1£ N. Amer. 

Clary. See Salvia Sclarea. 

Clathrate, latticed, divided like lattice-work. 

Clausena, Burmann. The meaning unex- 
plained. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Auran- 
tiacece. An ornamental tree, growing upwards 
of twenty feet high, and cultivated best in rich 
loam. Cuttings may be rooted in sand, under 
a glass. Synonyme : 1, Limdnia pentaphijlla. 
pentaphylla 1 . White 7, S. Ev. T. 20 Coroman. 1800 

Clava IMrculis. See Zanthtxylon. 

Clavaria, Vaillant. From clava, a club ; in 
reference to the form of the species. Linn. 
24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Agaricaceoe. Striking 
species of Fungi, growing from the eighth of 
an inch to a foot high, but the majority aver- 
age from one to three inches. They are found 
upon trees of various kinds, sometimes in mea- 
dows, and at others, in dense shady places, 
where the soil is damp. See Tuberculdria — 
abietina-, acuta, Ardenia, bdtrytis, ceranoides, 
cin€rea, coralloides, cornea, corniculata, oris- 
tata, fimbriala, flava, frdgilis, fusifbrmis, gri- 
sea, hilvola, inaequdlis, pistillaris, pratinsis, 
rosea, rugbsa, sitipes, strUta, imcidlis, vermi- 
cularis. 

Clavate, ) shaped like a club, the thick end 

Clavated, ) uppermost. 

Clavellose, having club-like processes. 

ClavBNA, De Candolle. Linn. 19, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Asteracecs. Of easy culture in light loam 
and sandy heath mould, and increased by 



B. 1 Canaries . 1827 
a 1 Madeira . 1827 



ClavLta, Ruiz and Pavon. In honour of J. 
Clavijo Faxardo, a Spanish naturalist. Linn. 
5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Myrdnacem. A very orna- 
mental genus, growing in peat and loam, and 
cuttings strike in the same kind of soil, under 
a glass, in heat. The trees grow about twenty 
feet high. Synonymes: 1, C. macrophfilla; 
2, Theophrdsta longifdlia. 

macrooarpa 1 White . 9, S. Ev. T. 25 Peru . . 1816 
ornata2 . . Orange. 9, S. Ev. T. 15 Caraccas . 1828 

Clavus, a name for the ergot, a disease in corn. 

Claws, the narrow end of petals. 

Clayt^nia, Linn. In honour of John Clayton, 
a collector of plants, in Virginia, which were 
published by Gronovius in his Flora Virginica. 
Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Portulacacece. The 
species of this genus arc very pretty ; the per- 
ennial species grow best in a border of peat 
soil. The annual kinds only require sowing 
in the open border, in peaty soil. Synonymes : 
1, O. virginica; 2, O. bifida. 
acutiflbra 1 . White . 5, H. Tu. P. ) N. Amer. . 
acutifblia . . White . 4, H. Tu. P. 1 Siberia . 1827 
alsinoldes . . White . 5, H. A. i NootkaSd. 1791 

calif6rnica . Pink . 4, H. Her. P. 
caroliniana . Pink . 4, H. Tu. 
grandifldra . Pink . 4, H. Tu. 
gypsophiloldesPink . 10, H. 



Joanneana 
lanceolata . 
longifblia . 
perfoliata . 
polyphyila 
sibirica . . 
unalasch- 
kensis 2 
Vestiana . 
virginiana . 



. White. 
. White . 
. White . 
. White. 
. Pink . 
. Bed . 



6, H. 
4, H. Tu. 
4, H. Tu. 
6, H. 
4. H. Tu. 
6, H. 



i California 1835 

| N. Amer. . 1789 

i N. Amer. . 

J California 1835 

i Siberia . 1818 

| N. Amer. . 1812 

JN. Amer. .1827 

A. | N. Amer. . 1794 

P. j N. Amer. . 1827 

A. | Siberia . 1768 



White . 6, H. 

. Boss . 
. White . 



canariensis . Purple . 7, P. 
equarrbsa . . White 7, P. 



A. I Bussia . 1820 

3, H. Her". P. 1 Altai . . 1827 
3, H. Her. P. i N. Amer. . 1740 

Clean6thtjs. See Oeanbthus. 

Clearing-nut. See Slrtfchnos potatorum. 

Cleavers. See Galium Aparine. 

Cleft, divided, but not to the base ; split. 

Cleisomeria, Lindl. From Meistos, closed, and 
meris, apart. Linn.' 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Or- 
chid&cece. A small epiphyte of but little 
beauty, requiring the same treatment as Epi- 
dendron. 
lanata . . . Yel. pur. 6, S. Epi. J E. Ind. . . 1845 

Cleis6stoma, Blume. Not explained. Linn. 
20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidacea;. The species 
of this genus are described as rather insignifi- 
cant, the flowers being small, and of a dingy 
colour. They succeed best on wood, treated as 
Burlingtbnia. 

blcolor . . . Pnk. pur. 6, S. Epi. 1 Manilla . 1844 
crassifblium . Pale red . 10, S. Epi. } Moulmein. 1850 
dealbatum . Yellow . 9, S. Epi. 1 Manilla . 184S 
decipiens . . Ochre . 5, S. Epi. 1 Ceylon . . 1848 
discolor . . Yellow . 3, S. Epi. 1 India . . 1848 
fuscum . . . Brown . 8, S. Bpi. 1 E. Ind. . 1846 
ionosma . . Yel. bro. 5, S. Epi. 2 Manilla . 1844 
latifblium . . Yel. red . 8, S. Epi. 1 Singapore. 1840 
maculbsum . Yel. pk. . 8, S. Epi. 1 Ceylon . . 1839 
micranthum . Pink . 7, 8. Epi. 
rbseum . . . Red yel. 9, S. Epi. 1 Manilla . 1837 
spicatum . . Red yel. 5, 8. Epi. 2 Borneo . 1846 
tridentatmn . Reds. wt. 5, S. Epi. 1 N. Holl. . 1838 

Cleistes, Rich. Name not explained. Linn. 
20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidaceoe. A terrestrial 
orchid, requiring the same treatment as other 
terrestrial kinds. 

Rose . 8, S. Ter, . 1 Mcrida . . 1844 



CLE 



143 



CLE 



Clematis, Linn. From Jclema, a vine branch ; 
because most of the species climb like the vine. 
Linn. 13, Or. 6, Nat. Or. JRanunculacece. A 
numerous anil highly ornamental genus of, for 
the most part, climbing plants. The green- 
house species are very desirable where climbers 
are wanted : they grow well in any light soil, 
or loam and peat ; cuttings root freely under 
a glass. The same treatment is required for 
the stove kinds. The hardy kinds grow in 
any common garden soil, and are well adapted 
for trellis-work, or for training against a wall. 
They are readily increased by laying the young 
shoots in July or October. The herbaceous 
kinds are increased by dividing the plants at 
the root early in spring. Synonym.es: 1, G. 
calydna ; 2, C. australis ; 3, 0. fragrans ; 4, 
C. ccespitdsa, Fldmmula ; 5, 0. bicolor; 6, C. 
Forstiri ; 7, 0. nana; 8, C. integrifblia ; 9, 
G. nepaUnsis ; 10, 0. anemoneflbra ; 11, O. 
Hmdersbni; 12, 0. cirrhbsa ; 13, C. cordata ; 
14, C '. smilacifblia, subpeltala ; 15, G. bracteata; 
16, G. tejiuifblia, lusitdnica. See Anembne and 
Atrdgene. 

americana . . White . 6, S. Bv. CI. 12 S. Amer. 
angustifdlia . White . 6, H. Her. P. 4 Austria . 1787 
aristata. . . Gn. yel. 6, G. De. CI. 15 N. Holl. . 1812 
balearica 1 . YeLwh. 2, P. Ev. CI. 12 Minorca . 1788 
barb'ellatus . Vio.yel. 6, H. De. CI. 13 Himalay. 1851 
brachiata . . Yel.ga. 10, G. Bv. CI. 12 C. G. H. . 
brazili&na . . White . 8, S. Bv. CI. 12 Brazil . 1823 
cserulea. . . Violet . 4, H. De. CI. 8 Japan .1836 

grandifldra . Purp. . 6, H. De. CI. 10 Japan . 1841 
campaniflbra. Purple. 7, H. De. CI. 6 Spain .1810 
caripehsia . . White . 9, S. Ev. CI. 12 Trinidad. 1820 
chinensis . . Tel. wt. 4, P. CI. CI. 12 China . 1820 
cirrhbsa , . Wt. gn. 4, H. Ev. CI. 12 Spain . 1590 
corikoea 2 . . White .10, G. Bv. Ci. 12 N. HoU. . 1821 
criapa . . .Pa. pur. 8, H. De. CI. 6 N. Amer. 1726 
cylindrica . . Blue . 8, H. Her. P. 3 N. Amer. 1802 
dahurica. . . Tel. gn. 9, H. De. CI. 10 Dahuria . 1820 
dioloa . . . Grn. yl. 5, S. Ev. CI. 15 W. Ind. . 1733 
diversifdlia . White . 9, H. Her. P. 4 
erecta . White . 7, H. Her. P. 3 Austria . 1597 

hispanioa . White . 7, H. Her. P. 3 Spain . 1800 
Flammula . . White . 8, H. De. CI. 20 France . 1596 

caespitosa4 . White . 9,H. De. CI. 20 

marftima . White-. 7, H. De. CI. 20 S. Eur. 

rotundifblia3 White . 8, H. De. CI. 20 Prance . 1596 

rubeHa . . Eedsh. 9, H. De. CI. 20 

vulgaris . . White . 8, H. De. CI. 20 France . 
- florida . . . White . 6, H. De. CI 10 Japan . 1776 

bicolor . . Wt pur. 7, H. De. CI. 10 Gardens. 

flbre-pleno . White . 6, H. De. CI. 10 Gardens. 

Sieboldii5 . Pur.gn. 7, H. De. CI. 10 Japan .1836 
Fortuni . . . White . 6, G Bv. CI. 10 Japan . 
KlaQca . . .Pa. yel. 4. H. De. CI. 10 Siberia 
glycinoldes . White . 4, G. Ev. CI. 16 N. HoU. . 1826 
Grahami . . Pa. grn. 8, P. De. CI. 10 Mexico . 1846 
grandiflora . Tel. gn. 4, S. Ev. CI. 12 S. Leone. 1823 
grata . . . White . 8, G. Ev. CI. 12 E. Ind. . 1831 
graveblens . Tellow. 8, F. De. CI. 15 Chi. Tart. 1845 
hedysarifblia . White . 7, S. Ev. CI. 12 E. Ind. . 1819 
hexapiitala 6 . Pa. grn. 4, F. De. CI. 4N. Zeal. . 1844 
hexasepala . Green . 4, G. De. CI. 15 N. Zeal. . 1844 
indivlsa 8 . . Wht. cr. 4, G. Bv. CI. 20 N. Zeal. . 1847 

lobata . . . Wht. cr. 4, G. Ev. CI. 10 N. Zeal. . 1847 
integriidlia7 . Blue . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Hungary 1596 

angustifblia . Blue . 7, H. Her. P. 2 Hungary 

elongata . . Bine . 6, H. Her. P. 2 Europe . 

latifdlia . . Purp. . 7, H. Her. P. 4 
lanuginosa. .Blue . 7, H. De. CI. 10 China .1851 
lathyrif&lia . White . 7, H. Her. P. 4Podolia . 1836 
linearilbba . White . 7, G. Her. P. 4 Carolina. 1823 
Jiassoniana . White . 5, G. Ev. CI. 12 C. G. H. . 
montana 9 . . White . 5, H. De. CI. 20 Nepal . 1831 

grandiflbra 10 White . 5, H. De. CI. 20 Gardens, 
nepalehsisll .White . 5, H. Ev. CI. 6 Nepal . 1835 
ochroleoca . Lit. yel. 6, H. De. P. 2 N. Amer. 1767 



odorata . . . White . 6, G. Ev. CI. 6 E. Ind. . 1831 
orientalis . . Yel. wt. 8, H. De. CI. 8 Levant . 1731 
paniculate . White . 7, H. De, CI. 20 Japan . 1800 
pediceUatal2 . Wtgrn. 7, H. Bv. CI. 12 Majorca . 
reticulata .• . Purp. . 7, H. De. CI. 8 N. Amer. 1812 
aemitrilbba . Wtgrn. 6, H. Ev. CI. 10 Spain . 
Simsii 13 . . Purp. . 7, H. De. CI. 8 N. Amer. 1812 
smilacifblial4. Purp. . 7, S. Ev. CI. 20 E. Ind. . 1S24 
triternata . . White . 7, H. De. CI. 12 . 1800 

tubulbsa . . Blue . 8, H. Her. P. 2 China . 1845 
Vibrna . . .Purp. . 8, H. Do. CL 12 N. Amer. 1730 
viornoldes. .Lilac . 8, H. De. CI. 8N. Amer. 1828 
virginiana . . Green . 7, H. De. CI. 15 N. Amer. 1767 
bracteata 15 . Gsh.wt. 6, H. De. CI. 15 N. Amer. 1767 
Vitalba . . . White . 8, H. De. CI. 20 Eng. hedges. 

integrate. . White . 8, H. De. CI. 20 Eng. gard. 
Viticella . . Purp. . 8. H. De. CI. 20 Spain . 1569 
caarulea . . Blue . 7, H. De. CI. 20 Spain . 1659 
plena . . . Purp. . 8, H. De. CI. 20 Gardens, 
purpurea. .Purp. .,7, H. De. CI. 20 Spain . 
tenuifblial6 .Crim. . 8, G. Ev. CI. 20 Spain . 
zanzibarensis . Purp. . 7, G. Ev. CI. 10 Zanzibar 1820 
Garden varieties. — Of these there are a great 
number, and some are very beautiful. 
ClbmatItis. See Aristoldchia Clematitis. 
Cle6mb, Linn. From kleio, to shut ; alluding 
to the parts of the flower. Linn. 15, Nat. Or. 
Cappariddcew. The species of this genus are 
very pretty, and free-flowering ; the stove 
kinds require a rich light soil, and cuttings 
root freely under a glass. Some of the annual 
species require sowing in a hotbed frame, or in 
a hothouse, and when potted off, to be placed 
among the tender annuals. The hardier kinds 
may be sown on a hotbed, and when of suffi- 
cient size, planted out in sheltered situations 
in the flower-borders. Synonymes: 1, O. orni- 
thopodioldes ; 2, C. aurea, Peritoma aiirea ; 3, 
C. spinosa. See Gynandrdpsis, Heli&phila, 
PerUoma, Polanisia, Bdthia, and StanUya. 
aculeate . . White . 6, S. A. 2 S. Amer. 1817 

arablca . . Yellow 6, H. A. 2 Arabia . 1794 

arb6rea . . White .6,8. Ev. S. 8 Caraccas . 1817 
cardinalis . Red . 7, S. A. 2 Mexico . 1823 

diffusa . . Green . 6, S. A. 1 Brazil . 1823 

Dillenianal. White. 6, H. A. 1 Levant .1732 

dendroldes . Purple 6, G. Bv. S. 2 Brazil . 1828 
droserifolia . Tl. vio. 5, G. Ev. S. i Egypt . 1837 
flava . . . Tellow 6, H. A. 2 Australia 1825 

gigahtea . . White . 6, S. Bv. S. 6 S. Amor. 1774 
heptaplrylla . White . 7, S. A. 1 Jamaica . 1817 

Houston . White . 6, S. A. 1 W. Ind. . 1730 

iberica . . White . 6, H. A. I Iberia . 1820 

liitea 2 . . Yellow 6, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1840 
micrahtha . White . 6, S. Ev. S. £ . 1824 

monophylla . Yellow 6, S. A. £ E. Ind. . 1759 

zeylanica . Yellow 6, S. A. 1 E. Ind. . 1759 

pulygama . White . 6, S. A. 2 W. Ind. . 1824 

procumbens. Tellow 6, S. Her. P. i W. Ind. . 1798 
pubescens . Red . 7, H. A. if . 1815 

pungens 2, 3 White. 7, S. B. 2 W. Ind. . 1812 

rdsea . . , Red . 6, S. A. 1£ Brazil . 1825 

speciosissima Purple 7, H. A. 2 Mexico . 1827 

spinbsa . . White . 6, S. B. 2 W. Ind. . 1731 

trinervia . . Yellow 7, H. A. 1 Arabia . 1837 

violaoea . . Purple 6, H. A. 1 Portugal 1776 

virgata . . White . 6, H. A. 1 Persia . 1820 

Cle6nia, Linn. A Greek name, employed by 
Theophrastus. Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Lamiacece. This pretty species merely re- 
quires sowing in the open border, and treating 
as other hardy annuals, 
lusitanica . Li. blue . 6, H. A. 1 Portugal . 1710 

Clerodendrum, Linn. Kleros, lot, and den- 
dron, a tree ; in allusion to the uncertain 
medicinal properties of the species. Linn. 14, 
Or. 2, Nat. Or. Verbenaceae. A beautiful 



CLE 



144 



CLI 



genus, varying in height from three to eight 
feet; they succeed best in a rich soil, .com- 
posed of loam, rotten dung, and sandy peat. 
Young cuttings root freely in sand or soil, 
under a glass. C. specios&smnum is the most 
splendid. Synonymes : 1, Volham&ria buxi- 
foliaj % C. overturn, V. madagascarUnse ; 3, 
V, angustifdlia ; 4, Levcosciptrum canum; 5, 
Sipkon&nthus indica ; 6, Volka/meria capit&ta ; 
7, V. dent&ta; 8, V. neriifdlia ; 9, 0. 
•malum. 



angustif61ium . White 8, 
attenuatum . White 
Bethunianum . Scar. 



Btangei 
buxifdlium 1 
calamitdsum 
capitatum 6 
c<2rnuum . 
coccfneum . 
cordatum . 
coromandeli- 

anum 2 
costatum . 
dentatum 7 . 
emirafJnae . 
floribtindum 
f&tidum 
fortunatum 
f&lax . . 
f ragrans . . 
fldre-plfeno 
glandulbsum 
glaticum 
nastatum . 
helianthifd- 
lium . . 

he tZf n -. }wMte 
Hugelii . . . Crim. 
inei-me . . . White 
infortunatum . White 
japonicum . . White 
Kgempf eri . 
laurifdlium 
Leucoscep- 

trum 4 . 
ligustrlnum 
lividum . 



Rose . 
. White 
. White 

White 6. 
. White 7, 
. Scar. . 
. White 

I White 8> 

. Bed S. 
. White 5 
. White 2 
. Lilac . 7 
. Eose . 7 
. Lilac . 7 
. Scar. . 9 
. W.red 10 
. W.red lo: 
. Scar. . 
. White 
. White 

i White 8. 



Scar. 
, Scar. . 

j- White 7, 

. White 9 
White 11. 



macroph^llum W. blu.ll. 
neriifolium 8 . White 
nutans , . 
odoratum . 
paniculatum 
phlomoides 



. White 11 
. Eed . 7 
. Scar. . 8. 
. White 8, 
. White 
. White 
.White 
. White 
. White 



pubeecens 

salicifolium 

Bcandens 

serrarum 

sinuatum 

Siphon&nthus 5 White 

speciosissi- ) _ 

mum 9 . | Kcar - • 
splendens . 
squaniatum 
ternifblium 
Thomsbnise . 
tomentbsum . White 
trichotomum . White 
urticsefblium . White 
verticillatum . White 
violaceum . . Violet 
viscosum . . White 
volubile . White 



Scar. . 
. Scar. . 
. White 

Cr.wh, 



S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 



4 Maurit. . 
6N. Holl.'. 
6 Borneo . 
4 China 
4 

4 E. Ind. . 
6 S. Leone . 
4 E. Ind. . 

E. Ind. . 

Nepal . 



S. Ev. S. 6 Maurit. 



S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 



6 N. Holl. . 
4 E. Ind. . 
3 Madagas. 



4 Nepal. 
6 E. Ind. 



6 China 
6 China 



4 E. Ind. 
6 E. Ind. 



1824 
1824 
1S47 

1820 
182S 
1846 
1823 

1S26 

1823 

1823 
182S 
1822 
1825 
1820 
1784 

. 1790 
. 1790 

. 1825 
. 1825 



S. Ev. S. 5 E. Ind. 



S. Ev. S. 3 Maurit. . 1805 



S. Ev. CI. 10 S. Leone . 
S. Ev. S. 4 E. Ind. 



S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 

S. Ev. S. 

S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
8. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. CI. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 
S. Ev. S. 



6 E. Ind. 
4 Japan 
6 S. Amer. 
6 E. Ind. , 

6 Nepal 

8 Maurit. , 

3 China 

8 E. Ind. . 

4 E. Ind. 

6 E. Ind. . 
4 Nepal 
6 Java . 
4 E. Ind. 
4 W. Ind. 
4 E. Ind. 
10 Guinea 
6 Nepal 
4 S. Leone 
6 E. Ind. 



8. Ev. S. 10 China 



S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
8. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
G. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
S. Ev. 
8. Ev. 



Tu. 6 Mexico. 
S. 10 China 

8. 4 Nepal 

S. 4 Calabar 

S. 5 N. S. W. 

S. 6 Japan 

S. 4 E. Ind. 

8. 6 Nepal 

8. 4 

8. 6 E. Ind. 

CL 6 Guinea 



1842 
1092 



1823 
1843 



1826 

1789 
1824 
1815 
1824 
1S25 
1823 
1809 
1820 
1824 
1824 
1822 
1822 
1846 
1796 

. 1S35 

1840 
. 1790 
. 1823 

'. 1794 
. 1800 
. 1824 
, 1818 
. 1822 
. 1796 
. 1823 



ClIsthra, Linn. From hlettwa, the Greek name 
of the alder ; on account of the resemblance it 
bears to that plant. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Ericaceae.. All the species of this genus 
are ornamental, growing from two to ten feet 
high. The greenhouse kinds are well suited 



alnifblia 
arbdrea 



. White 
. White 



9, H. De. S. 

. 9, G. Ev. S. 



minor . . White . 9, G. Ev. 
variegata . White . 8, G. Ev. 
ferruginea 1 White . 8, G. Ev. S. 



nana . . White 

paniculata . White 

scabra . . . White 

tinifblia 2 . White 



8, H. De. S. 



1800 
1820. 



for conservatories, succeeding best in peat 
earth, or light sandy loam ; cuttings taken 
off, not too ripe, will root freely in sand, 
under a glass. The hardy kinds, where the 
soil will suit them, are well adapted for the 
front of shrubberies, and require the same 
kind of soil as the greenhouse species. It is 
usual to increase them by layers ; but cuttings 
root readily in sand, under a glass. All the 
kinds may be raised from seeds. Synonymes : 
1, CuellAria ferruginea ; 2, C. quercifolia. 

acuminata . White . 9, H. De. 8. 10 Carolina . 1S06 
• 4 N. Amer. 1731 
8 Madeira . 1784 
2 Madeira . 
4 Madeira 
4 Peru . 
2 
9. H. De. 8. 4 N. Amer. 1770 
9, H. De. S. 4 Georgia . 1806 
8, 8. Ev. T. 15 Jamaica . 1825 
tomentbsa . White . 9, H. De. S. 4 N. Amer. 1731 
CLEYiiRA, Thunberg. In honour of Andrew 
Cleyer, M.D., a Dutch botanist, once resident 
at Batavia. Linn. 13, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Tern- 
stromi&cece. An ornamental greenhouse plant, 
about five feet high ; it grows well in sandy 
peat, and is increased by cuttings under a 
glass. 

japdnica . . White . 4, G. Ev. S. 5 Japan . 1820 
Clianthtjs, Solander. From Meios, glory, and 
anthos, a flower ; in reference to the noble 
appearance of the' species of this genus. Linn. 
17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Fab&cece. Very elegant 
plants, resembling the Sutherltindia fruUscens 
when in flower ; they attain the height of eight 
or ten feet ; and grow well in an equal mixture 
of loam, peat, and sand ; they do best "when 
planted in the border of the conservatory, and 
will also flourish against a south wall when 
protected from frost and cold ; cuttings root in 
the kind of soil recommended for growing 
them when placed under a glass. Synonymes : 
1, StreblorMza specidsa ; 2, Ddnia punicea ; 3, 
O. dxleyi, Donia speciosa, Kennedya spe- 
ciosa. 

. Flesh . 5, F. Ev. S. 3 Philippines 1840 
. Scarlet. 5, G. Ev. S. 3 N. Holl. . 1836 
. Crim. . 5, P. Ev. 8. 6 N. Zeal. . 1832 

In honour of Clidemi, an ancient 
Greek botanist. Linn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Melaslom&eeas. The species of this genus are 
not very showy. For culture and propaga- 
tion, see Meldsloma. Synonymes: 1, Melds- 
toma alata; 2, M. ctmua ; 3, M. ttegans ; i, 
M. Mrta ; 5, M. rubra; 6, M. velutina. 

White . 7, S. Ev. 8. 1£ Peru . . 1820 
White . 7, S. Ev. B. 1 Guiana . 1822 
White . 7, 8. Ev. S. i Maran . 1819 
White . 7, 8. Ev. S. 1 Peru . . 1820 



carneus 1 . 
Dampieri 3 
puniceus 2 

Clidbmia. 



. 7, 8. Ev. S. 1£ Maran 



agrestis 
alata 1 
cernua 2 

elegans 3 . . White 
hirta 4 . . Purple 
holosericea White 
microph^lla. White 
nivea . . . White 
rubra 5 . . Purple 
spicata . . White 
velutina 6 . White 

Cliff6rtia, Linn. In honour of George Cliffort, 
a merchant of Amsterdam, and one of the 
patrons of Linnaeus. Linn. 22, Or. 12, Nat. 



7,8 


Ev. S. 


4 


Jamaica 


1740 


7, a. 


Ev. S. 


4 


Brazil 


1820 


7, S. 


Ev. 8. 


1 


S. Amer. 


1817 


7,8. 


Ev. 8. 


4 


8. Amer. 


1823 


4, 8. 


Ev. S. 


4 


Guiana 


17S3 


7,8. 


Ev. S. 


1 


Guiana 


1793 


7,8. 


Ev. 8. 


2 


W. Ind. 


1816 



CLI 



145 



CLU 



Or. Sanguisorb&cew. These species are only 
worthy of cultivation on account of their sin- 
gular habits ; they succeed well in an equal 
mixture of peat and loam, and cuttings of- the 
young wood root freely in sand, under a glass, 
cinerea . . Grn. wht. 6, G. Ev. S. 4 C. G. H. 1800 
cordif&lia . Grn. wht. 6, G. Ev. S. 8 C. G. H. 1820 
crenata . . Grn. wht. 4, G. Bv. S. 3 E. Ind. . 1791 
cuneata . . Gm. wht. 4, G. Ev. S. 3 C. G. H. 1787 
ericarf&lia . Grn. wht. 7, G. Ev. S. 3 C. G. H. 1799 
falcata . . Grn. wht. 0, G. Ev. S. 3 C. G. H. 1818 
ilicifolia . . Grn. wht. 6, G. Ev. S. 3 C. G. H. 1714 
obcordata . Grn. wht. 7, G. Ev. S. 3 C. G. H. 1790 
obllqua . . Grn. wht. 6, G. Ev. S. 3 C. G. H. 1816 
pulchella . . Grn. wht. 4, G. Ev. S. 1} C. G. H. 1795 
ruscifdlia. . Grn. wht. 6, G. Ev. S. 4 C. G. H. 1752 
sarrnentbsa . White . . 7, G. Ev. S. 8 C. G. H. 1793 
strobiUfera . Grn. wht. 0, G. Ev. S. 3 C. G. H. 1S13 
ternata . . Grn. wht. 6, G. Ev. S. 3 C. G. H. 1818 
tridentata . Grn. wht. 7, G. Ev. S. 3 0. G. H. 
trifoliata . . Grn. wht. 6, G. Ev. S. 6 C. G. H. 1752 

Clift&nia. See Mylocaryium. 

Clinandrium, that part of the column of orchi- 
deous plants in which the anther lies. 

Cling stones. Stone fruit, as peaches, &c, 
are so called when the flesh adheres to the 
stone. 

Clinoi6dium, Linn. From Mine, a bed, and 
pous, a foot ; the flowers have been compared 
to the castor of a bedpost. Linn, 14, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Lamiacece. Bather ornamental plants,' 
growing about a foot high ; they do well in 
any common soil, and increase freely by di- 
vision of the roots, or by seeds, 
ajgyptlacum . Purple . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Egypt . 1759 
origanifdlium Pink . . 7, H. Her. P. i S. Eur. . 1825 
vulgare . . Pink . . 7, H. Her. P. 1 Brit, gr. ba. 

Clint6nia, Douglas. In honour of De Witt 
Clinton, late governor of the state of New 
York. Linn. 16, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Lobelictcece. 
"Very pretty border plants, producing an 
abundance of flowers ; the seeds merely require 
sowing in the flower-borders in spring ; they 
produce an abundance of seeds, 
flegans . . Blue . 7, H. A. J Columbia . 1827 
pulchella. . Blue w. 8, G. A. £ Columbia . 1831 

Clitanthus, Herbert. From hlitus, a moun- 
tainous declivity, and anthos, a flower. A 
new genus of Amaryllidacece. Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Amaryllidacece. Synonyme: 1, Co- 
bftrghia htimilis. 

hamilis 1 . Scarlet . 3, G. Bl. P. J Cordilleras 1841 
l&tea . . . Yellow . 3, G. Bl. P. J Andes . . 
Macleanii . Scarlet . 3, G. Bl. P. i Andes . . 

Clit6ria, Linn. From clitoris, an anatomical 
term ; a resemblance to the configuration of 
which has been fancied to exist in the flower. 
Linn. 17, Or. 4, Nat. Or. Fabacece. The 
species of this genus are mostly climbers, with 
large elegant pea-flowers : they succeed best in 
a mixture of loam, peat, and sand ; cuttings 
will root under a glass, in heat, but the best 
method of increasing them is by seed, which 
sometimes ripens in this country. The an- 
nual species requires the same treatment as 
other tender annuals. See Barbiiria, Cola- 
gania, and Vilmorinia. 

arborescens . Pink . 8, S. Ev. S. 8 Trinidad. 1804 
Berteriana . Yellow 6, S. Ev. CI. 2 S. Dom. . 1824 
braziliana . Pink . 7, S. Tr. A. 4 Brazil . 1759 
coccinea . . Scarlet 7, S. Ev. Tw. 4 Brazil . 1820 
erecta . . . Bed . 6, S. Ev. CI. S. Amer. 1822 



fulgens . . Scarlet 
formdsa . . Fink . 
gracilis . . Blue 
heterophylla Blue 



Blue 
Blue . 



5, S. Ev. CI. Brazil 

7, S. Ev. Tw. 3 Orinoco , 

7, S. Ev. Tw. 2 S. Amer. 

7, S. Ev. Tw. 1 E. Ind. 

7, G. Ev. Tw. 4 Madagas. 

8, P. De. Tw. 3 N. Amer. 
Purple 10, G. Ev. Tw. 8 N. Amer. 
W. red 10, S. Ev. Tw. 6 W. Ind. 
Blue . 7, S. Ev. Tw. 4 E. Ind. 
Blue . 5, S. Ev. CI. 4 Sydney 
Blue , 5, S. Ev. CI. 4 E. Ind. 
White. 5, S. Ev. CI. 4 E. Ind. . 

7, S. Ev. Tw. 3 Hybrid, Gard. 

7. S. Ev. Tw. 6 America. 1732 

Named in honour of the 



Blue 
Blue 



.1840 
. )823 
1824 
. 1812 
1826 
1759 
1759 

. 1739 

. 1844 

. 1844 

1844 



lascivia 
mariana . 
mexicana 
Plumieri . 
Ternatea . 

major . 

cserulea . 

alba . . 

flore pleno 
virginiana 

CliviA, Lindley. 
Duchess of Northumberland. Linn. 6, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Amaryllidacece. Beautiful plants, 
requiring a warm part of the greenhouse, or a 
cool part of the stove ; the soil they grow best 
in is a rich loam, with about a third part 
sand ; when growing freely, they require a plen- 
tiful supply of water ; and may be incre'ased by 
divisions, or seeds. Synonymcs: 1, Imato- 
phijllum Gardeni ; 2, Imatbphtfllum Aitdni. 
Gardeni 1 . Or. YeL 7, G. Bl. P. 1 Africa . . 1854 
u6bilis 2 . . Bed yel. 7, G. Bl. P. 1J C. G. H. . 1823" 

Clomenocoma, Cass. See Hebeclhiium. 
Closed, that which is closed up, leaving no 

aperture ; pressed together, not spreading. 
Close-pressed, when anything lies quite close 

upon a surface. 
Cloudberry. See R&bus chamcembrus. 
Clove. See Dicinthus caryophpllus. 
Clove cassia of Brazil. See Dicypillium 

caryophyllatum . 
Cloven, forked. 
Clove nutmeg op Madagascar. See Agalho- 

phffllum arom&licum. 
Clove tree. See'Caryophpllvs. 
Clove worts. See Caryophyllacece. 
Clover. See Trifilium. 
ClowEsia, Lindley. Named after the Kev. J. 

Clowes, of Broughton Hall, near Manchester, 

a zealous and successful cultivator of Orchi- 

dacese. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orchidacece. 

rbsea . . Wht. pink . 3, S. Epi. i Brazil . . 184a.. 

Clown's allheal. See Stdchys paMstris. 

Club grass. See Coryniphorus. 

Club moss. See Lycapi<lium< ''■•*. 

Club rush. See Scirpus. 

Club stalked moss. See (Edipidiunt. 

Club-wood. See CasuarXna. 

Clusia, Linn. In honour of Charles de 1'Eeluse," 
of Artois, a celebrated botanist, who^ flfed in 
1609. Linn. 23, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Clustm&r 
A very ornamental genus of trees, growing, 
under cultivation, thirty feet high ; they re- 
quire a light sandy loam, and the pots must 
be well drained. Cuttings root freely in sand, 
under a glass. In tropical climates they are 
found growing on other trees. See Bridelia. 
alba . . White . . 6, S. Ev. T. 30 S. Amer. . 1752 
flava . . Yellow . . 7, S. Ev. T. 30 Jamaica • . 1759 
rosea . . Red . . . 7, S. Ev. T. 30 Carolina '. 1692 
vendsa . White . . 7, S. Ev. T. 25 S. Amer. . 1733 

CLUSlACEa:. An order of beautiful trees and 
shrubs yielding resinous juice, usually known 
as" Guttifers. They are all natives of the 
tropics ; some produce magnificent fruit, highly 
esteemed in their native countries; 



CLU 



146 



COC 



Cluster cherry. See Otrasus Padus. 

Cluster pine. See Phius Pin&ster. 

Clustered, disposed in clusters. 

Clutia. See Cluptia. 

Cluytia, Alton. Named after Outgers Cluyt, a 
Dutchman, who was professor of botany at 
Leyden. Linn. 22, Or. 3, Nat. Or. Euphor- 
Maceas. Ornamental species, thriving in a 
mixture of loam and peat ; cuttings of the 
young wood root freely in sand, under a glass, 
alaternoldes. White . 7, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1692 
coUtaa . . "White . 5, S. By. S. 2 E. Ind. . 1807 
daphnoldes . White . 5, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1731 
ericoldes . . White . 4, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1790 
heterophylla White . 5, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1818 
patula . . , White . 5, S. Ev. S. 2 E. Ind. . 1812 
polifdlia . . White . 5, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1790 
polygonoldes White . 4, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1790 
pubescens . White . 4, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1800 
pulchella. . White . 6, G. Ev. 8. 2 C. G. H. . 1739 
tenui!61ia . White . 6, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1817 
tomentbsa . White . 4, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . 1812 

Clymenum. See Lafhyrus Clymenum. 

Clypeate, buckler-shaped. 

Clypeola, Gartner. From clypeus, a buckler, 
in allusion to its buckler-like silicle. Linn. 
15, Nat. Or. Brassicacem. Pretty annuals, 
which only require sowing in the open ground, 
and to be treated as other hardy annuals. 
eri6phora . White . 6, H. A. 1 Spain . . 1820 
Ion Thlaspi Yellow . . 6, H. A. i 8. Eur. . 1710 

Cnem id6stachys, Martius. Derived from Tcnemis, 
the spoke of a wheel, and stachys, a spike. 
Linn. 21, Or. 3, Nat. Or. EupAorbiacew. An 
inconspicuous stove annual, growing in sandy 
peat — Chameldsa. 

Cne6rum, Linn. Theophrastus gave the name 
cneoron to some shrub resembling an olive. 
Linn. 3, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Rutacece. Beautiful 
species, delighting in a mixture of peat and 
loam, and cuttings root freely in sand under 
a glass. See also Convolvulus cneorum, Daphne 
cne&rum, and Plewdndra cnebrum. 
pulverulentum Yellow 6, G. Ev. S. 6 Madeira . 1822 
tricoccum . . Yellow 6, G. Ev. S. 6 S. Eur. . 1793 

Cnestis, Jussieu. From knao, to scratch ; in re- 
ference to the prickly capsules. Linn. 10, Or. 
4, Nat. Or. Connaracece. Ornamental shrubs. 
See Conn&rus, for culture and propagation, 
corniculata . Purple . 8. Ev. 8. 10 Guinea . 1793 
glabra . . . wht. gr. 8. Ev. 8. 10 Maurit. . 1823 
polypnea . Purple . 8. Ev. 8. 6 Maurit. . 1823 

CNfcus. See Centaury, Cirsium, Leuzca, Iiha- 
pSntica, Serrdtula, Silybum. 

CnIdium, C'usson. The ancient name of Orach. 
Linn. 5, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Apiaceas. Uninterest- 
ing herbaceous plants ; for culture and propa- 
gation, see Siseli. Synonymes: 1, Smprnium 
atropurpiireum ; 2, Selkium canadense j 3, 
Angelica FischeYi. See Laserpitium, PeucMa- 
num., Silaus — atropurpureum 1, canadense 2, 
Fischeri 3, Monnieri, pyrenamm. 

Cnidoscolus, Pohl. Linn. 21, Or. 8, Nat. Or. 
EupTwrbiaccm. For culture, &c, see Jdtropha. 
Margraavii . White . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 3 Brazil . 1823 
stimulbsus . White . 6, F. Ev. 8. 8 N. Amer. 1812 
vitifolius . . White . 7, 8. Ev. 8. 4 Brazil . 1823 

Coadunate, united, soldered together. 
CoAGULANS, congealing together. 
Coarctate, pressed together. 



CoBJfcA, Cavanilles. In honour of B. Cobo, a 
Spanish botanist. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
Polemoniaceas. Very fast-growing climbers, 
well adapted for a conservatory ; they thrive 
well in the open air in summer, and look well 
growing up by the side of a house ; if the wall 
be rough on which they run, the tendrils will 

"' catch fast hold of the crevices and support the 
branches without any assistance ; they maybe 
increased by cuttings, which will root under a 
glass, in a little moist heat, but it is best to 
raise them from seed, which ripen in abund- 
ance. Synonyme: 1, O. acuminata, lutea. 
macrostema 1 Gr. yel. 10, G. Ev. CI. 20 Guayaquill839 
scitndens . . Purple 8, P. Ev. CI. 20 Mexico . 1792 
stipularis . . Yellow 10, P. Ev. CI. 20 Mexico . 1839 

CoB^EACEa;. See Polemoniacece. 

Cob nuts. See Cbrylus. 

Cob nuts op Jamaica. Si 

Cob pinks. See Didnthus horttnsis. 

Cobresia, Willdenow. Named after a German 
nobleman of the name of De Kobres, stated to 
have been a great promoter of botany and 
natural history. Linn. 21, Or. 3, Nat. Or. 
Cyperacea. These plants resemble. Carex, and 
having no ornamental appearance, are scarcely 
worth cultivation'— cariclna. 

CoBfJRGHiA, Herbert. In honour of Prince 
Leopold of Saxe-Coburgh, lato King of Bel- 
gium. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. AmarylU- 
dacece. Handsome species, requiring the same 
treatment as Pancratium. Synonymes': 1, 
Pancratium incarnaium; 2, Clitdnfhus hu- 
milis, OhrysopMala incarnata. 

coccinea . Scarlet . 3, F. Bl. P. 2 Cordilleras . 1839 

falva . . Tawny . 4, G. Bu. P. 1 S. Amer. . 1829 

humilis 2 . Orange . 3, F. Bl. P. 1 Cordilleras . 1841 

incarnata 1 Scarlet . 8, P. Bu. P. 2 Quito . . 1820 

miniata Vermil. . 4, G. Bl. P. 1 Peru . . . 1842 

styldsa . . Or. red . 4, G. Bl. P. 2 Quito . . 1847 

trichrdma Sc. w. gr. 6, F. Bl. P. 1 Andes . . 1838 

versicolor . B. w. gr. 6, F. Bl. P. 1 Lima . . . 1840 

Cobwebbed, covered with loose hairs, as if with 
a cobweb. 

Coca. See Erythrdxylon. 

Coccocypselum, Swartz. From Teolekos, fruit, 
and Icypsele, a vase ; alluding to the shape of 
the berries. Linn. 4, Or. 1, Nat. Or. CmcJw- 
nacece. An uninteresting stove herbaceous 
genus, growing in sandy loam, and multiplied 
by cuttings in sand, under a glass. — cordifb- 
Hum, ripens. See Fernclia. 

Coccol6ba, Linn. From Teolekos, a berry, and 
lobos, a lobe ; in allusion to the character of 
the fruit. Linn. 8, Or. 3, Nat. Or. Polygo- 
nacece. The Sea-side Grape is an ornamental 
genus, varying in height from fifteen to eighty 
feet ; the species are remarkable for their largo 
leaves. They grow well in a mixture of loam 
and peat, and cuttings of the ripened wood, 
taken off at a joint, will root freely under a 
glass, in sand ; the leaves of the cuttings must 
not be shortened. See Sarcogbnum. Syno- 
nymes: 1, O.mdcrdntha; 2, C.parviflhra; 3, 
Polygonum platyclada. 

acuminata . W. gr. 7, 8. Ev. T. 40 N. Grenada 1820 
barbadenBis . W. gr. 8, 8. Ev. T. 60 Barbadoes . 1790 
braziliensis . W. gr. 0, 8. Ev. T. 50 Brazil . . 1825 
diversifbHa . W. gr. 8, 8. Ev. T. 20 St. Domingo 1818 



coo 



147 



COD 



excoriata . . W. gr. 7, S. Ev. T. 60 W. Indies . 1783 
flavescens . . W. gr. 8, S. Ev. T. 20 St. Domingo 1820 
latif61ia . . W. gr. S, S. Ev. T. 20 S. America 1812 
laurifolia . . W. gr. 8, S. Ev. T. 20 Caraccas . 1822 
longifblla . . W. gr. 8, S. Ev. T. 20 W. Indies . 1810 
maorophylla 1 Cri.ro. 7, S. Ev. T. 30 S. America 1830 
microstachya W. gr. 8, S. Ev. T. 15 W. Indies . 1824 
nlvea . . . W. gr. 7, S. Ev. T. 20 Jamaica . . 1818 
obovata . . W. gr. 6, S. Ev. T. 10 S. America 1824 
obtusifdlia . W. gr. 7, S. Ev. T. 15 Carthagena 1822 
orbicularis . W. gr. 8, S. Ev. T. 12 S. America 1825 
platyclada 3 . W. gr. 7, S. Ev. T. 15 Australia . 1861 
pubiiscens . W. gr. 7, S. Ev. T. 60 W. Indies . 1690 
punctata . W. gr. S, S. Ev. T. 15 W. Indies . 1733 
tenuifblia . . W. gr. 7, S. Ev. T. 10 Jamaica . . 1820 
uvifera 2 . W. gr. 8, S. Ev. T. 50 W. Indies . 1693 
vlrens . , r . W.-gr. 8, S. Ev. T. 10 W. Indies . 1825 

Cocculus Indicus. See 06ceulus. 

Cocculus, a kind of cell, which opens with 
elasticity. 

Cocculus, Decandolle. Derived from coccos, 
the' systematic name of the cochineal ; given 
to this genus hecause most of the species bear 
scarlet berries. Linn. 22, Or. 6, Nat. Or. 
Menisperm&cece. An interesting genus of 
plants, remarkable for their medicinal virtues. 
The species do well in a mixture of. loam and 
peat, and cuttings root freely under a glass. 
C. crlspus is used iu intermittent fevers and 
liver complaints ; a poisonous principle called 
picrotoxia has been detected in the seed of G. 
suberosus. Synonyms:- 1, Mcnispirmum c6c- 
cuius. See Wendldndia. 

cordifblius . W. gr. 5, S. Ev. CI. 20 E. Indies 1820 
crfspus . . . TV. gr. 5, S. Ev. CI. 20 E. Indies 1822 
incanus . -W.gr. 5, S. Ev. CI. 10 E. Indies 1820 
laurifaiius . W. gr. 5, S Ev. CI. 10 E. Indies 1810 
orbiculatus . Gr. yel. 6, S. Ev. CL 6 E. Indies 1790 
palmatus . . W. gr. 5, S. Ev. CI. 10 E. Indies 1800 
Plukenetii 1 . Gr.yeL 5, S. Ev. CI. 10 E. Indies 1790 
rotundifblius . W. gr. 5, S. Ev. CI. 15 E. Indies 1820 
suberbsus ■. . W. gr. 5, S. Ev. CI. 20 E. Indies 1800 
tomentfisua . W. gr. 5, B. Ev. CI. 10 E. Indies 1819 
villdsus . . . Gr. yel. 5, S. Ev. CI. 6 E. Indies 1800 
hirsiltus . . Gr. yel. 5, S. Ev. CI. 6 E. Indies 1800 

Cochineal fig. See Op&ntia cochinillifera. 

Cochineal tree. See QuSrcus coed/era. 

Cochlearia, Tournefort. From cochlear, a 
spoon ; the leaves are hollowed like the bowl 
of a spoon. Linn. 15, Nat. Or. Brassic&cece. 
Plants of little interest with the exception of 
C. Armor&cia, the common horse-radish, which 
should be planted in February or October in a 
deep rich soil ; the best way of increasing it is 
by slips from the root. The smaller perennial 
kinds do best in pots or rock-work. The an- 
nuals and biennials merely require sowing in 
the open border, which should be done directly 
after the seeds have ripened. Synonymcs: 1, 
C. pusllla; 2, My&grum saxdtiU. See Lepi- 
diwm, SenebUra, Grcbllsia, Ionopsldium. 
anglica . . White 5, H. A. \ Brit., sea shore. 
Armoracia . White 5, H.Her.P. 3 Eng., wat. place, 
danica . . . White 5, H. A. i Brit., sea shore, 
fenestrata . White 5, H. B. 1 Greenland . 1820 
gl-SnliSndiea . Flesh 5, H. B. J Scotland, mtns. 
integrif&lia . White 5, H. B. J Siberia . . 1822 
officinalis . . White 4, F. B. i Brit., seashore, 
minor . . White 4, H. B. |, Brit, mountains, 
rotundifblia White 4. H. B. J Brit., mountains, 
pyrenalca . White 4, H. B. J Pyrenees . . 1820 
acatilis 1, auriculata, glaslifolia, macroccbrpa, 
saxdtilis 2. 

Cochleate, twisted to resemble the shell of a 
snail. 



Cochlosp^rmum, Kunth. From hochlo, to 
twist, and sperma, a seed ; alluding to the 
somewhat twisted seeds. Linn. 16, Or. 8, 
Nat. Or. Ternstromidbccce. Magnificent trees, 
attaining the height of sixty feet ; the best 
soil for them is loam and peat ; cuttings not 
too ripe, taken off at a joint, will root in sand, 
under a glass, in a moist heat. Synonymcs : 1, 
Borribax Gossppium, B. grandifldrum ; 2, B. 
vitifdlium. 

Gossypium 1 . Yellow 5, S. Ev. T. 60 E. Indies . 1824 
serratifdlium2 Yellow 5, S. Ev. T. 60 Mexico . . 1820 

Cock's-COMB. See Celosia. 

Cock's-comb. See Bhindnthus Crista-gdlli. 

Cock's-COMB. See Frylhrina Orista-gdlli. 

Cock's-Foot. See Echinochlba Cr&s-gdlli. 

Cock's-foot grass. See D&ctylis. 

Cock's-spur. See Crataegus Cr&s-gdlli. 

Cocoa-nut tree. See Cdcos. 

Cocoa plum. See Ohrysob&lanxis. 

OocoMfLLA. See Pritnus cocomUla. 

C6COS, Linn. From the Portuguese word coco ; 
the end of the nut resembles a monkey's head. 
Linn. 21, Or. 6, Nat. Or. Palmdcew. The 
cocoa-nut tree belongs to this elegant genus. 
The species grow upwards of fifty feet high, 
and are cultivated best in a mixture of loam 
and peat, or light sandy loam, in a warm moist 
atmosphere. They succeed well in our collec- 
tions if they have plenty of heat and are not 
too much exposed to the sun, as in their na- 
tive countries they thrive best in the shade. 
Synonyme: 1, C.comdsa. See Acrocdmia, Lo- 
doicea. 

flexuosa . . Pa. gr. 6, S. Palm. 50 Brazil . .1825 
nueffera . Pa. gr. 6, S. Palm. 50 E. Indies . 1690 
plumbsa 1 . Pa. gr. 6, S. Palm. 50 Brazil . . 1825 

Cocotendre. See Zodoicea seycMllarum. 

Codarium, Solander. Derived from Tcodarion, 
a leathern pouch, in reference to the pods. 
Linn. 2, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Fabacece. -Orna- 
mental trees, from twelve to twenty feet high. 
For culture and propagation, see Copaifera. 

acutitolium . Pa. red 2, S. Ev. T. 15 S. Leone . 1800 
obtusifdlium Pa. red 2, S. Ev. S. 10 S. Leone . 1824 

Codia, Forst. From Tcodeia, a little ball, be- 
cause the flowers grow in small round heads. 
Limn. 10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Cunoni&cea. An 

. ornamental genus requiring the same treat- 
ment as Calllcoma. 
montana . White . 4, G. Ev. S. 10 N. Caledon. 1850 

Codl&um, Juss. Name not explained. Linn. 
21, Or. 8, Nat. Or. Euphorbi&cem. This is a 
small genus separated from Crdton, and con- 
taining the well-known beautiful Crbton pic- 
turn. The species are Asiatic trees and shrubs, 
and require the same treatment as Crbton. 
Synonyme: 1, Crbion pictum. 
pictum 1 . Wht. gr. 7, S. Ev. S. 4 E. Indies . . 1810 

C6dium, StacJcJiouse. From Jcodion, a skin ; on 
account of the appearance of the species. 
Linn. 24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Fucaccce. Marine 
productions of little interest — B&rsa, tomen- 
tdsum. [ 

Codlins and cream. See EpiUUum hirsUHm. 

C&don, Linn. From kodon, a little bell, refer- 
ring to the shape of the corolla. Linn. 10, 



COD 



148 



COL 



Or. 1, Nat. Or. Hydrophyllaceae. A curious 
plant, thriving in a mixture of loam and peat ; 
it requires to be kept with the greenhouse 
plants. 

Royeni . . White . 9, G. B. 1 C. G. H. . . 1801 
CoDONOPHORA, Linn. From kodon, a little 
bell, and phoreo, to bear ; alluding to the 
flowers. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Gesnercuxce. 
Ornamental plants. For culture, &c, see Ges- 
nira. Synonymes: 1, Gesnira prasinala. G. 
tomentbsa. 

grandifldra 1 Scarlet . 6, S. Ev. S. 1£ Brazil . . ISIS 
lanceolata 2 . Scarlet . 6, S. Ev. S. H S. Amer. . 1752 

Codon6psis, Wallieh. From kodon, a bell, and 
opsis, resemblance, in reference to the shape 
of the flowers. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Cam- 
panidicem. A mixture of sand and loam will 
suit this genus, and propagation may be ef- 
fected by cuttings and seeds. Synonyme: 1, 
Wahlenbirgia rotundifblia. 

cordata . . Gr. yel 6, S. Ev. CI. 4 Java . . 1861 
liirida . . . Gr. pur. 6, H. A. 1 India . . 1837 
rotundif61ia 1 Green . 8, S. Ev. CI. 6 Himalaya 1855 

Ccelia, Lindley. Not explained. Linn. 20, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. OrcMdacece. This is described as 
being a very curiously formed genus, and re- 
quiring the same treatment as Stanhdpea. 
Synonymes: 1, CymUdium tr'ipierum; 2, Epi- 
dindrum trlpterum. 

Bauerana . . White ., 6, S. Epi. 1 Jamaica . . 1790 
macrostachya Red . 2, S. Epi. 1£ Guatemala . 1840 

CasLI E6sa. See Lfichnis Cceli Rosa. 

Ccelogyne, Lindley. From koilos, hollow, and 
gym, a female ; in allusion to the form of the 
stigma. Linn. 20, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Orehidaceai. 
The species of this genus are all very hand- 
some when in flower, and therefore deserve to 
be in every collection of orchideous plants. 
Some of the species having been introduced 
only a short time, they are therefore rather 
rare in collections. They should be grown in 
a hot damp heat, and otherwise treated as the 
Stanhdpea. Synonymes: 1, ' Olielonanthera spe- 
cibsa : 2, Plelone Wallichiana. 



. White . 6, S. Epi. 1 India . 



. 1849 



Wt. yel. 12, S. Epi. i Khooseea . 1837 

. White . 3, 8. Epi. J Nepal . . 1837 

. Cr.w.yel. 6, S. Epi. 2 Singapore . 1840 

. White . 3, S. Epi. !, India . . . 1837 

. Wht. yel. 9, S. Epi. 1 j Khooseea . 1837 
. Wht.hrn. 9, S. Epi. J Nepal 

. Whtyel. 1, S. Epi. 1 Nepal . . 1829 

. Yellow . 4, S. Epi. 1 India . . . 1838 
. Cre. brn. 6, S. Epi. 1 KhooseeaH. 1837 



asperata 
barbata 
crista ta 
Cumingii 
decbra . 
elata 
nmbriata 
flaceida 
navida . 
foligindsa 

fuscescens . Grsh.yl. 11 \ S. Epi. 1 India . . 1843 
Gardneriana . White ; 11, S. Epi. 1 Khooseea . 1837 
intermedia White . 11, S. Epi. 1 E. Indies . 1840 
interrupta . White . 10, S. Epll Khooseea . 1837 
longicaulis . Wht.yl. 10, S. Epi/)r Khooseea . 1837 
Ldwii . . . Crea. or. 8, S. Epi./2 Borneo . . 1845 
media. .Wht.yl. 9, S. Epi/l Khooseea .1837- 
nftida . . . Yellow 8, S. Epi. 1 E. Indies . 1822 
nigrescens . Blackish-VSJEjii. 1 India . . 1838 
ochracea . . WM.yel. 4, S/Epi. 1 E. Indies .1844 
oeeUata . . Yellow 9, S. Epi. 1 E. Indies . 1822 
ovalis . . . Wht.br. 10, S. Epi. J E. Indies . 
^pandurata . Gr. blk. 8, S. Epi. J Borneo . . 1845 
" prolifera . . Yelwsh. 10, S. Epi. | Khooseea . 1837 
plantaginea . Pa. yel. 8, S. Epi. 1 Singapore . 1840 
punctulata . Yellow 10, S. Epi. J Nepal . . 1822 
rigida . . . Yellow 10, S. Epi. f Khooseea . 1837 
Sehilleriana . Yel. br. 9, S. Epi. 1 Moulmein . 1856 
speciosa 1 . . Br.tawn. 9, S. Epi. J Java . . . 1845 



testiicca . Brown 5, S. Epi. 1 Singapore . 1S42 
trinft-vis . . Wht. yel. 2, S. Epi. J Singapore . 
trisaccata. Whtyl. 11, S. Epi. 1 India. . .1845 
undulata . . White . 9, S. Epi. 1 Khooseea . 1837 
Wallichiana 2 Kose . 10, S. Epi. 1 Khooseea . 183T 

CoETSA. See Plectrdnthus CoStsa. 

Copfea, Linn. Named from Coffee, a province 
of Narea in Africa, where it grows in abund- 
ance. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Cinchonacece. 
The Coffee-tree is a very ornamental plant, 
succeeding well in peat and loam, and if kept 
clean and free from insects it will flower and 
fruit abundantly ; to grow well, it must have a 
good supply of water and plenty of pot- room ; 
cuttings of the ripened wood root readily in. 
sand, under a glass, in a moist heat. Coffee 
is the roasted seeds of O. ardbica, and owes its 
character to a peculiar chemical principle called 
Caffein. Synonyme : 1, Tetramirium panicu- 
l&tum. 

arabica . . White . 9, S. Ev. S. 20 Yemen. . . 1G96 
Benghalensis White . 8, S. Ev. S. 5 India . . 1854 
panieulata 1 . White . 6, S. Ev. S. 4 Guiana .1822 

Coffee-tree. See Goffia. 

Coquill-vochi. See Lardizabala biterndta, 

Cogwood TREE. See Laiirus CMorbxylon. 

Cohering, connected. 

CoilXntha. See Gentiana. 

C6ix, Linn. A name applied by Theophrastusy 
to a reed-leaved plant. Linn. 21, Or. 3, Nat. 
Or. Graminacece. A genus of curious tropical 
grasses, growing freely in light rich soil ; they 
produce both flowers and seeds in great plenty, 
agrestis . . Apetal 7, S. Grass. . 2 E. Indies . 1812. 
arundinacea . Apetal 7, S. Grass. . 2 Mexico . . J 818 
exaltata . . Apetal 6, S. Grass. . 3 China . . 1816 
Komtgii . . Apetal 7, S. Grass. . 2 E. Indies . ISIS 
lachryma . . Apetal 6, S. Grass. . 2 E. Indies . 1596 

C&LA. See Stere&lia acuminata. 

C6lax, Lindley. From colax, a parasite. A 
division of Maxillaria, and requiring the same 
treatment. Synonymes : 1, Maxillaria jugosxis ; 
2, M. platanthira ; 3, M. vlridis. 
jugbsus 1 . . Crea. crim. 5, S. Epi. 1 Brazil . . 1828 
platanthera 2 Green . . 5, S. Epi. 1 Brazil . . 1828 
viridis 3 . . Green vio. 5, 8. Epi. 1 Brazil . . 182S 

Colbertia, Salisbury. In honour of John Bap- 
tist Colbert, Marquis of Seignelai, a famous 
French statesman and patron of botany : died 
1683. Linn. 13, Or. 5, Nat. Or. Dilleniaceai. 
A beautiful genus of trees, resembling Dill&nia, 
to which genus they may be referred for culture 
and propagation. 

coromandeliana 1 Yel. 4, S. Ev. T. 15 Coroman. 1803 
scabrella . . . Yel. 4, S. Ev. T. 12 Nepal . . 1S20 

Colchicum, Linn. Named after Colchis, its 
native country. Linn. 6, Or. 3, Nat. Or. Me- 
lantli&ccoz. An ornamental genus of bulbs, 
growing best in a light loamy soil, and increased 
by offsets from the bulbs, or from seeds. Sy- 
nonyme: 1, MerendSra montana. See Bulbo- 
eddium, Merendlra. 

alplnum . . Purple 7, H. Bu. P. \ Apennin. . 1820 

arenarium . . Purple 9, H. Bu. P. | Hungary . 1816 

autumnale . Purple 9, H. Bu. P. \ Britain* mead. 

album . . White 9, H. Bu. P. \ Britain, mead. 

fM egltis ri " } Pur P le 9 - H " Bu - p - i Britain, gards. 
nbre-pleno . Purple 9, H. Bu. P. J Britain, gards. 

"pSn } Dk -I' ur - 9 - H - B1 - p - i Britain > BMte- 



COL 



149 



COL 



p 3l } p " r - slr - 9 ' H - B1 - p - i Britain - e™ ds - 

S flore™Sno} ""■* l »■ H - B1 - p - i Britain . S arfs - 
tjyzantium . Purple 9, H. Bu. P. J Levant . . 1629 
chionense . Purple 11, H. Bu. P. J Ohio . . 
crociflbrum . Purple 8, H. Bu. P. 1 S. Europe 
montanum 1 . Purple 8, H. Bu. P. i S. Europe 1819 
tessellatum . Purple 8, H. Bu. P. J S. Europe 1600 
umbrbsum . Pink . 9, H. Bu. P. | Crimea . 1819 
variegatum . Purple 9, H. Bu. P. £ Greece . . 1629 

Coldenia, Linn. In honour of C. Colden, a 
zealous North American botanist. Linn. 4, 
Or. 3, Nat. Or. Boraginacece. A pretty stove 
annual, requiring the same treatment as other 
tender annuals, 
pvooumbens "White . 7, S. Tr. A. 2 E. Indies . 1699 

CdLEA, Bojer. In honour of General Sir Gt. 
Lowry Cole, governor of the Mauritius. Linn. 
14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Bignonidcece. A noble 
looking stove plant, producing clusters of 
bright yellow flowers from the old wood. It 
thrives in a mixture of loam and peat, and 
is increased by cuttings, 
floribunda . Yellow . 8, S. Ev. S. 10 Mauritius . 1839 

Coleanthus. See Schmidlia. 

Colebro6k:ia, Smith. In honour of H. T. 
Colebrooke, an accomplished botanist. Linn. 
14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Lamiacece. A beautiful 
genus of shrubs, growing about three feet 
liigh, succeeding best in a mixture of peat 
and loam ; increased by cuttings in sand, 
under a glass. 

oppositifdlia . White . 6, G. Ev. S. 8 Nepal . . 1820 
ternifblia . . White . 6, G. Ev. S. 3 E. Indies . 1823 

Coleonema, Bartling. From holeos, a sheath, 
and nema, a filament ; in allusion to the man- 
ner in which the filaments are fixed. Linn. 5, 
Or. 1, Nat. Or. JRut&cece. Very beautiful 
little shrubs. For culture and propagation, see 
Adendndra. Synonymes : 1, IHdsmadlba; 2, 
Didsma angustifblia. 

album 1 . . White 6, G. Ev. S. 2 C. G. H. . . 1798 
pulchrum 2 . Eose . 5, G. Ev. S. 6 C. G. H. . . 
tenuifdlium . Eoso . 3, G. Ev. S. 2 

Coleorhiza, a little sheath, which tips the 
radicle in cruciferous plants. 

C6let/s, Loureiro. Derived from koleos, a sheath ; 
referring to the manner in which the stamens 
are united. Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lami- 
Aceoe. Shrubs of some merit, requiring to he 
grown in a mixture of loam and peat, and in- 
creased by cuttings in sand, under a glass, in 
heat. Synonymes: 1, C. ambdinicus, Gesnira 
cdordta ; 2, PlectrdntJms barbdtus, P. ForsMh- 
lii; 3, P. fribticdsus ; 4, Plectrdnthus scutella- 
vioides. 

aromaticus 1 Blue . 5, S. Ev. S. 2 India . .1826 
barbatus 2 . Blue . 10, S. Ev. S. 3 Abyssinia . 1806 
Blumei4 . . Pur., w. 7, S. Ev. S. 2 J ava . . .1850 
fruticosus 3 . Blue . 7, G. Ev. S. 8 C. G. H. . 1774 
Macr&ii . . Pa. blu. 6, G. Ev. S. 2 Ceylon . . 1826 

Cole-seed. See Brdssica Oampislris. 

Coleworts. See Brdssica. 

Collandra, Lemaire. Named, from the clammy 
anthers, from holla, glue, and aner, a man. 
Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Gcsneracem. This 
is a genus separated from Gesnira, and requir- 
ing the same treatment. Synonymes : 1, Co- J 



Mmnea aivro-nXtens ; 2, Dalbergdria phcenioea, 
AllopUctus phcenicea, Besliria sanguinea. 

aivreo-nltensl Yellow 9, S. Her. P. 1£ Columbia 1847 
phcenioea 2 . Purple 7, S. Her. P. 2 N. Grenada 1850 

CollAa, De Candolle. See Chrysanthellum— 
speci6sa, trinervis. 

Collania, Herbert. Linn. 6, Or. 1, Nat. Or. 
AmaryllidMeoe. " It is much to be lamented 
that seeds of the Oolldnias, as well as nume- 
rous species of splendid Bomdreas, have not 
been gathered by collectors, and remitted to 
Europe. Most of them would live out of 
doors in- England, with a little . covering in 
winter of sawdust, leaves, or ashes, and pro- 
bably in the South of Europe, would require 
no care, except, perhaps, watering in dry 
summers. I wish that" I could excite some of 
our wealthy cultivators to turn their thoughts 
to the acquisition of these plants, and their 
numerous kindred, which are profusely scat- 
. tered over the slopes of the Andes, and waste 
their beauties in the woods, as yet unnoticed 
by any European traveller." Herbert on Bul- 
bous Plants. 1S37. 

Andinamarcana Bed gr. 4, G. Her. P. 6 Peru . 1845 
dulcis . . . Pa.or.gr. 8, G. Her. P. 3 Peru . 1845 

CollAnia. See Vrceolina. 

Collapsing, the act of closing or falling to- 
gether. 

Collema, Hoffmann. From the Greek holla, 
glue ; all the species are gelatinous. Linn. 
24, Or. 9, Nat. Or. Collemdcece. A rather ex- 
tensive genus of Lichens, varying from half 
an inch to three inches high, found in a variety 
of situations, some being on the trunks and 
roots of trees, some on rocks, and others on 
old walls and dry banks, &c. — Burgissii, cera- 
noides, cheileum, corrugdtum, cretdceum, oris- 
pum, dermatinium, fasciculare, fldccidum, flic- 
vidle, frdgile, fr&grans, f&rvum, granulatum, 
Idcerum, lim&sum, meldenum, m. margindle, 
micropht/llum, multiparlitwm, muscicdla,nigr6s- 
cens, nigrum, palmdtum, plicdtile, saturninum, 
Schraderi, seoVlnum, S. sinuatum, spongiosum, 
s&btile, synalissum, t&nax, tenulssimum, tremel- 
loides, tuncefdrme, turgidum. 

Collemace.2E. A small order of flowerless 
plants, intermediate betwixt Algols and Li- 
chens, having the thallus of an Alga, and the 
fruit of a Lichen. 

Colletia. A name given by Commerson, in 
honour of his friend and countryman M. Col- 

" let, a writer upon the plants of Brest. Linn. 
5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Khamnaeete. Ornamental 
shrubs, varying from two to five feet high. 
For culture and propagation, see Retanilla. 
Synonymes : 1, C. ftrox ; 2, O. hOrrida ; 3, 
ft cruciata. 

Bictoniensia 3 White . 5, F. Ev. S. 3 S. America 1856 

Ephedra . . Green . 5, G. Ev. S. 3 Chile . . 1823 

horrida 1 . . Gsh. w. 5, S. Ev. S. 2 Chile . . 1832 

obcordata . . Yellow 5, S. Ev. S. 2 Peru . . 1822 

serratifblia . Yellow 6, S. Ev. S. 2 Peru . . 1822 

spinbsa 2 . . Apetal 6, S. Ev. S. 2 Peru . . 1823 

Colligtjaja, Molina. The name given to it by 
the natives. Linn. 21, Or. 10, Nat. Or. Eu- 



COL 



150 



COL 



phorbidiaxB. A shrub of considerable merit, 

though little known in cultivation. 

odorffera . Yel. wht. . 4, G. Ev. S. 6 Chile . . 1831 

CoLiiNSlA, Nuttall. In honour of Zac. Collins' 
vice-president of the Academy of Natm-a* 
Sciences, Philadelphia. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat- 
Or. Scrophularidcece. A most elegant genus 
of hardy annuals : the seeds of the different 
kinds need only to he sown in the borders of 
the flower-garden early in spring, they will 
then flower beautifully during summer, and 
ripen plenty of seeds ; to obtain flowering 
plants early in spring, the seed must be sown 
in autumn. 

bartsisefdlia . Pk. pur. 6, H. A. 1 
blcolor . . Pur.wh. 6, H. A. 1J California 1S33 
alba . . .'White . 6, H. A. l| California 1851 
candidissima White . 6, H. A. 1 California 
grandiSbra . Pk.blue 6, H. A. 1 Columbia 1S26 
heteropbylla . Lilac . 7, H. A. 1£ Columbia 1838 
marmorata . 6, H. A. 1 California 

multicolor . Cr.li.wh.5, H. A. 1 California 1849 
parviflbra . . Pur. bl. 6, H. Tr. A. £ Columbia 1826 
vei-na . . . Pur. bl. 6,- H. A. 1 N. Amer. 1812 

Collins6nia. Named by Linnseus in honour 
of his friend Peter Collinson, F.R.S., a dis- 
tinguished promoter of botany. Linn. 2, Or. 
1,' Nat. Or. Lamiaceat. A genus of pretty 
plants, growing upwards of three feet high ; 
they succeed well in common garden soil, par- 
ticularly if they are planted in a moist situa- 
tion ; they are increased by dividing at the 
roots. 

anisata. . .Tel. 10, H. Her. P. 3 Carolina .1806 
canadensis . Li. yl. 9, H. Her. P. 3 N. America 1736 
cordata . . Li. yl. 9, H. Her. P. 3 N. America 1734 
ovata . . .Li. yl. 9, H. Her. P. 3 N. America 1734 
ovalis . . . Yel. . 8, H. Her. P. 2 Carolina . 1812 
scabriuscula . Hd.yl. 8, G. Her. P. 2 B. Plor. . 1776 
tuberbsa . Yel. . 8, H. Tu. P. 2 Carolina . 1806 

Coll6mia, Nultall. Derived from kolla, glue ; 
referring to the seeds. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. 
Or. Polemoniacem. A genus of annuals, pos- 
sessing little beauty in their flowers ; they 
require the same treatment as Collinsia. Sy- 
nonymes: 1, Phlox linearis, 0. linearis, 0. 
cocdnea, 0. lateritia; 2, 0. laterttia. 
Cavanillesii 1 Ed. yl. 6, H. A. 1£ Chile . . 1832 
coccinea 2 . Brick . 7, H. A. 1 Chile . . 1832 
gilioldes . Pink . 8, H. A. 1 California . 1833 
glutindsa . . Bed . 9, H. A. 1 California . 1833 
gracilis . . Eose . 6, H. A. J N. Amer. . 1827 
grandiflbra . Pk. or. 7, H. A. 2 Columbia . 1826 
heterophylla Pink . 7, H. A. J Columbia . 1826 
linearis . . Eed . 6, H. A. J N. Amer. . 1826 

ColobAchne, Sosmer. Linn. 3, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 

Graminacece — vaginata. See A lopeci/rus. 
ColocAsia. Linn. 21, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Aracem. 

Requiring the same treatment as Calidium. 

Synonymes: 1, Arum Colocasia ; 2, Caladium 

odoratwm. 

antiqubrum 1 Brown 6, G. Her. P. 2 Levant . 1551 

esculenta . . Gr. pur. 6, S. Her. P. 2 S. Amer. 1739 

odorata 2 . . Gr. br. 5, S. Ev. S. 2 B. Indies . 1810 

Colocynth. See Cucumis Colocjjnihis, 
CoLOCYNTH resin. See Ciu.um.is Colocpnthis. 
CologANIa, Kunth. In honour of the family of 
Cologan, of Port Orotavo in Teneriffe, from 
whom the men of science visiting that island 
experience the greatest hospitality. Linn. 17, 
Or. 4, Nat. Or. Fabacece. A beautiful genus 



of climbers. For culture and propagation, see 
Clitdria. Synonyme: 1, Clilbria BroussonUii. 
angustifblia . Violet B. Ev. Tw. 8 Mexico . . 1827 
Broussonetiil Violet S. Ev. Tw. 3 1827 

Colomba wood. See Coscinium fenestratum. 

Colombo root. See C6cculus palmatus. 

Coloph6nia, Commerson. Its name in the Isle 
of France is Bois de Colophone. Linn. 6, Or. 
1, Nat. Or. Burseracece. An ornamental tree, 
scarcely known in collections. For culture 
and propagation, see BoswUlia. 
mauritiana . Purple 4, S. Ev. T. 20 Mauritius . 1826 

Coloqdinblla. See Cuafarbita aur&ntia. 

Coloquintida gourd. See Gucumis Colocpn- 
thus. 

Col6rans, changeable, coloured. 

Coloratb, coloured, painted. 

ColpOON". Sea Fusanus. 

Colp6on-tree. See Cassine Colpbon. 

Colquhounia, Wall. In honour of Sir Robert 
Colquhoun. Linn. 14, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Lami- 
acece. A pretty scarlet climber, nearly hardy, 
and requiring to be grown in sandy loam and 
peat ; cuttings will grow if planted in sand, 
under a glass, in a gentle heat, 
coccinea . Or. scar. 5, F. Ev. CI. 6 E. Indies . . 1840 

Colt's-foot. See Tussil&go. 

CoLUBElNA, Richard. From Tcoluber, a snake ; 
alluding to the appearance of the twisted sta- 
mens. Linn. 5, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Rhamnacece. 
Plants of little beauty, and scarcely worth 
cultivating except in general collections ; loam 
and peat suits them, and cuttings of the young 
wood root readily in sand, under a glass. Sy- 
nonytnes: 1, Ceandthus asi&ticus ; 2, C. cubin- 
sis ; 3, G. colubHnct; 4, O. reclinatus. 
asiatica 1 . .Pa. yel. 7, G. Ev. S. 10 Ceylon . 1691 
cubensis 2 . Crim. . 7, S. Ev. S. 4 Cuba . . 1S20 
ferruginbsa 3 . Green . 7, S. Ev. T. 20 Bahama . 1762 
reclinata 4 . Green . 8, S. Ev, S. 5 Jamaica . 1758 

ColubrJna, relating to snakes. 

Columbine. See AquiUgia. 

ColumbInus, resembling a dove in shape or 
colour. 

Columeo root. See C6ccuhis palmatus. 

Columellia. Named by Jacquin after the 
celebrated Geoponic writer, L. J. M. Colu- 
mella, a Spaniard, who flourished about forty- 
two years A.C. Linn. 19, Or. 2, Nat. Or. 
Golurroelliacece. A greenhouse biennial, grow- 
ing in any common soil. Synonyme : 1, Nest- 
Ura bidnnis — biennis 1. 

Columelliace^;. A small order consisting of 
evergreen shrubs or trees of no particular 
beauty— not far removed from Jasmines. 

CoLtJMNEA, Plumier. In honour of Fabius 
Columna, of the noble family of Colonna, in 
Italy. Linn. 14, Or. 2, Nat. Or. Gesneracece. 
Pretty flowering plants, growing well in a 
mixture of loam and peat, and striking readily 
from cuttings ; the plants must be carefully 
watered or tliey will soon rot ; they require a 
dry part of the house. Synonymes: 1, (7, 
rotvmdifblia, specidsa; 2, G. grandifldra, Nc- 
mat&nthus Guilleminiana. See Stemidia, Al- 
lopUclus, Coll&ndra, and Nematdmthus. 
aurantlaca . Orange 6, 8. Ev. CI. 1 N. Grenada 1850 
craseifblia . Rose 10, 8. Ev. S. 1 1837 



COL 



151 



COM 



hirsute . . Pa. pur. 9, S. Ev. S. , 2 Jamaica . 1780 

hfspida . . Scarlet 9, S. Ev. S. J Jamaica . 1821 

rutilans . . Purple 9,' S. Ev. S. 2 Jamaica . 1S28 

scsndens 1 . Scarlet 8, S. Ev. CI. 6 W. Indies 1759 

Schiedi&na . Orange 6, 8. Ev. Tw. 4 Mexico. . 1840 

splendera 2 . Scarlet 7, S. Ev. S. i Brazil 

trifoliata . . Blue . 9, S. Ev. S. S 1823 

Coluria, R. Brown,. From kolouros, deprived 
of a tail ; in reference to the seed wanting that 
appendage. Linn. 12, Or. 3, Nat. Or. Rosacea}. 
A pretty species, thriving best in a mixture of 
peat and loam, and increased by divisions. 
Synonyme : 1, Geum poientilloides. 
potcntilloldes 1 Orange 6, H. Her. P. J Siberia . 1780 

Colurna. See C6rylus Colfirna. 

Colutea, Linn. . Supposed to be from Icoluo, to 
amputate ; they are said to die if the branches 
are cut off. Linn. 17, Or. i, Nat. Or. Fa- 
bacCce. All the species of Bladder-Senna, on 
account, of the great profusion of flowers, and 
their continuing in bloom the most of the 
season, are well adapted for the' shrubbery ; 
they thrive in any common soil, and are in- 
creased by seeds, or cuttings planted in the 

, autumn. ft arboriscens is purgative. Syno- 
nyme: 1, 0. Poctchii.' See Sphcerosph$sa, 
and Sutherldndia. 

arborescens . Yellow 7, H. De. S. 10 France . 1548 
omenta . . . Scarlet 6, H. De. S. 4 Levant . 1710 
haloppica 1 . Yellow 8, H. De. S. 6 Levant . 1752 
media . . . Orange 7, H. De. S. 10 
nepalensis . . Yellow 8, H. De. S. 6 Nepal . . 1822 

Colvillea, Bojer. In honour of Sir Charles 
Golville, Governor of the Mauritius. Linn. 
10, Or. 1, Nat. Or. Fabacece. A splendid tree, 
from forty to fifty feet high ; little is at present 
known of its cultivation, 
racemosa . Scarlet . 4, S. Ev. T. 40 Madagascar 

CoLYMBiiA. See Araucaria imbricatq. 

Colza or Colsa. See Brdssica camplstris. 

CoMACiiNir/M. See ConocUnium. ■ 

ComAndra, Nuttall. Derived from home, hair, 
and aner, anther ; in allusion to the tuft of 
hair attached to the anthers. . Linn. 5, Or. 1, 
Nat. Or. Santalacece. A hardy plant of some 
merit, thriving in a mixture of loam and peat, 
and increased by divisions. Synonymes: 1, 
Thisium umbellatum, Hamilionia umbellatwm. 
umbellate . 1 Green . 6, H. Her. P. 1 N. Amer. 1782 

Co